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Патент USA US2111024

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March 15, 1938-
E. P. DONNELLAN
2,111,024
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY AND SIMILAR MATERIAL
Filed Oct. 15, 1935
6 Sheets-Sheet 1
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ATTORNEY.
March 15, 1938.
E, P, DONNELLAN
2,111,024
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY AND .SIMILAR MATERIAL
Filed Oct. 15, 1935
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ATTORNEY.
Man}! 15, 1938-
E. P. DONNELLAN
2,111,024
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY ANDYSIMILAR MATERIAL
Filed Oct. 15 ,
1935
6 Sheets-Sheet 3
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ATTORNEY.
March 15, 1938.
E. P. DONNELLAN
2,111,024
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY AND SIMILAR MATERIAL
Filed Oct. 15, 1935
6 Sheets-Sheet 4
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BY
ATTORNEY.
March 15, 1938.
2,111,024
E. P. DONNELLAN
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY AND SIMILAR MATERIAL
Filed Oct. 15, 1956
6 Sheets-Sheet 5
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March 15, 1938.
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E. P. DONNE_LLAN
2,111,024
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY AND'SIMILAR MATERIAL
Filed 001:. 15, 1935
6.Sheets-Sheet e
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ATTORNEY.
2,111,024
Patented Mar. 15, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,111,024
MACHINE FOR COUNTING PAPER MONEY
'
AND SIMILAR MATERIAL
Edward P. Donnellan, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application October 15, 1935, Serial No. 45,061
13 Claims. (Cl. 93-93)
This invention relates to machines for count
ing paper money, tickets, or other sheet-like
material; and the invention has reference, more
particularly, to a novel automatic machine for
5 counting paper money or the like which is capa
sectional views of the control means for causing
the machine to stop in the event more than a
single item at a time is fed to the conveyer means
of the machine, Fig. 7 showing this means in 5
ble of high speed operation to effect accurate
normal initial condition and Fig. 8 showing the
counting operations.
same in operated condition; Figs. 9 and 10 are
The invention has for an object to provide a
novel machine for the purposes mentioned which
10 will deliver, feed and convey the items to be
counted in rapid succession through the machine
in such manner that each item, as it moves
through the machine, will cause the actuation of
counting and tallying means.
15
Another object is to provide a machine for
purposes mentioned which is provided with auto
matic control means for automatically stopping
the machine if more than a single item at a time
is inadvertently fed to the conveying means, so
20 that two or more items moving together are
promptly arrested and thus prevented from
reaching and actuating the counting means,
thereby avoiding risk of error in the count from
such cause.
25
in Fig. 3; Figs. 7 and 8 are fragmentary detail
Another object of the invention is to provide
in a machine of the kind mentioned, means for
stopping the operation thereof upon completion
of the count of desired predetermined number of
items operated upon.
30
A more speci?c object of the invention is to
provide a novel means for delivering the items to
be counted, successively from a stack thereof
which is deposited at the receiving end of the
machine, in such manner that the items are suc
35 ccssively “peeled" from the deposited stack,
thereby substantially avoiding risk of delivering
more than one item at a time to the feeding and
conveyer mechanisms of the machine.
Other objects of this invention, not at this time
40 more particularly enumerated, will be understood
from the following detailed description of the
same.
An illustrative embodiment of the invention
is shown in the accompanying drawings, in
45 which:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the novel counting
machine according to this invention; Fig. 2 is a
top plan view thereof, drawn on an enlarged
scale; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary vertical longitudi
50 nal section through the machine, taken on line
3-3 in Fig. 2; Figs. 4 and 5 are fragmentary
detail sectional views of the feeding means of the
machine, respectively showing successive steps in
the functional operation thereof; Fig. 6 is a
55 transverse vertical section, taken on line 6—6
fragmentary detail sectional views of the item
actuatable counting mechanism tripping means,
Fig. 9 showing the same in normal initial con
10
dition and Fig. 10 showing the same in actuated
condition; Fig. 11 is a detail fragmentary sec
tional view showing the counting mechanism of
the machine; Fig. 12 is a detail face view of the
counting mechanism in normal initial condition; 15
Fig. 13 is a. similar view showing said counting
mechanism in actuated condition; Fig. 14 is a
detail face view showing the means actuated
through the counting mechanism for opening the
main switch of the machine to stop the latter
upon completion of a count of a predetermined
number of items operated upon; and Figs. 15
and 16 are fragmentary detail sectional views,
respectively showing the means for receiving and
stacking the counted items in various stages of
its operation.
Similar characters of reference are employed
in the above described views, to indicate corre
sponding parts.
The mechanisms making up the functional
parts of the machine, in the illustrative form
thereof shown in the drawings, are supported
from a base i having laterally spaced side plates
2 and 3 upstanding therefrom, said base i being
supported by brackets 4 from a suitable stand 35
ard means or frame 5.
In a power driven type of the machine, an
electric motor 5, serving as a power source, is
mounted on a platform 1 carried by the standard
means or frame 5.
The motor 6 is suitably ar
40
ranged to transmit power to a drive shaft 8.
J ournaled in and extending transversely between
said brackets 4 is a counter shaft 9 driven from
said drive shaft 8 by chain and sprocket trans
mission III, or other suitable transmission means. 45
Journaled in and between the side plates 2 and
3 are longitudinally spaced transverse driven
shafts ii and 12; the shaft ll being adjacent to
the receiving end of the machine, and the shaft
l2 being adjacent to the discharge end of the 50
machine. Shaft H is driven from said counter
shaft 9 by a chain and sprocket transmission l3,
and shaft [2 is driven synchronously with and
from shaft II by a chain and sprocket trans
mission ll. Fixed on said shaft H are grooved 55
2
2,111,024
rollers or pulleys i6, and fixed on said shaft 12
are corresponding grooved rollers or pulleys l6.
Running over and between said rollers or pulleys
i6-i6 are conveyer belts l1. Mounted above
the rollers or pulleys I6 are feed rollers II, the
shafts iii of which are carried in spring-con
trolled bearing brackets 26 so that said feed
rollers are respectively yieldably urged toward
and into contact with the outer circumferences
10 of underlying driven rollers or pulleys l6. Ar
ranged in advance of said feed rollers i6, in par
allel relation thereto, is a take-over roller 2!,
the shaft 22 of which is journaled in and be
tween the side plates 2-2. The feed rollers i6
15 are driven by contact with the rollers or pulleys
l6 and, in turn, drive by contact the take-over
to a crank 46 operated by the motor actuated
drive shaft 6. Said pump device is connected by
aflexible hose or other suitable conduit 4] with
the spindle 21 in communication with the open
end of its passage 66. The means for producing
properly timed oscillathn of said arms 66, com
prises a shaft 42 provided in and between the side
plates 2—2, and driven by a chainand sprocket
transmission 42', or other suitable transmission
means, from the counter shaft 6. Fixed on and 10
rotated by said shaft 42 are crank members 46
which are respectively operatively connected by
links 44 to the respective oscillatable arms 26.
Means are provided at the receiving end‘of
the machine for receiving and presenting a stack 16
of items to ‘be counted in operative relation to
roller 21 in the same direction through the me
the pick-up and. delivery roll elements. This
dium of an intermediate transmission roller 22, means comprises a vertically movable carriage
the shaft 24 of which is Journaled in spring
or platform 46 underlying the pick-up roll ele
20 controlled bearings 26 operative to urge said
ments 26, the same having laterally projecting
transmission roller 26 into mutual frictional con - arms 46 extending through vertical slots 41 pro
tact with both the feed rollers l6 and the take
vided in side plates 2-2 and guided in verti
over roller 2i. Preferably said feed rollers l6, cally slotted guide posts 46 exteriorly of said side~
take-over roller 2| and transmission rollers 26 plates 2-2, compression spring members 46
25 are each made of rubber or like material having around said posts between the bases thereof and
more or less resilient characteristics.
said arms 46 serve to yieldably thrust said car~
The side plates 2-6 are suitably cut away at riage or platform 46 upwardly toward said pick—
the receiving end of the machine to provide clear
up roll elements. At its underside, said carriage
ance for the operative movements of means for or platform is provided with a slotted handle
30 successively picking up and delivering items to be
means 66 engageable by the hand of the machine
counted to the feeding and conveyer means. The attendant to depress the carriage or platform '46
pick-up and delivery means comprises pick-up. for the reception of a stack 8 of items to be
roll elements 26 ?xed on a hollow transverse spin
counted by the machine.
dle 21. The ends of said spindle 21 are provided
Cooperative with the take-over roller 2i are
85 with peripherally grooved Journal elements 26 ro
yieldable presser pawls II for pressing a deliv
tatably mounted in the free forked ends 26 of ered item into operative engagement with sur
oscillatable arms 66. Said oscillatable arms 66
are respectively pivotaliy suspended from the re
spective side plates 2—6 by a fulcrum shaft 6i
40 to which said arms are a?lxed.
Secured to the
side plates 2-2 are ?xed longitudinally disposed
toothed racks 62. Fixed on the spindle 21 of said
pick-up roll elements 26 are pinions 66, the teeth
of which respectively mesh with said racks 62.
45 Spaced above and parallel to said racks 62 are
guide bars 24 which engage the hubs of said pin
ions 66 so as to guide the rectilinear inward and
outward travel of the pick-up roll elements 26 to
ward and from the take-over roller 2i. .The
50 spindle 21 is provided with an axial passage 66,
open at one end thereof, and extending through
the pick-up roll elements 26 are radial branch
passages 66 communicating at their inner ends
with said spindle passage 66 and terminating at
55 their outer ends at the maximum circumferen
tial faces of said pick-up roll elements. Pref
erably the outer ends of said branch passages 66
are surrounded by resilient suction nozzlelelements
61, the outer ?ared ends of which preferably pro
60 Ject slightly beyond said circumferential faces of
said pick-up roll elements. Said suction nozzles
21 are preferably made of soft rubber, and are
adapted to effect a close air-tight contact with
items desired to be picked up and fed by the
65 pick-up roller element. Means is provided for
applying suction effect through the spindle pas
sage 26 and branch passages 26 and operative at
the nozzle formed mouths at the circumferential
faces of the pick-up roll elements. Illustrative
70 of one form of such means, there is shown a suc
tion pump device 66 which is mounted on the
platform 1 of the standard means or frame 6.
This suction pump device, as shown, is of the re
ciprocating plunger type, the plunger rod 66 of
76 which is connected, for properly timed actuation,
face of said take-over roller. These presser pawls
are pivotally mounted on a transverse fulcrum
shaft 62 supported between the side plates 2-2,
and are provided at their free ends with rollers 40
66 to engage the surface of said take-over roller.
Each pawl 6| is provided at its fulcrumed end
with a dependent arm 64, between which and a
stationary point is connected a pull-spring 66 op
erative to yieldably swing the pawl and its roller
66 toward the take-over roller 2i.
‘
The operation of the machine, as thus far de
scribed, is as follows:
A stack of items to be counted is deposited
upon the carriage or platform 46 the compression
springs of which thrust upwardly the same to
abut the topmost item of said stack in con- -
tact with the pick-up roll elements 26. The pick
up roll elements are initially disposed in an out
wardly moved position and in a rotated position 65
in which the suction passages 26 and nozzles 21
thereof are downwardly directed. with the latter
operatively engaging the topmost item of the
stack 8. Prior to the ‘inward rolling movement
of pick-up roll elements 26, the suction pump
device 66 is timed to create suction effect through
the air passages and nozzles operative to cause the
topmost item of stack S to adhere to the pick
up roll elements. Following this, the timed opera
tion of the 'crank members 46 effects, through
the links 44, an. inward swinging movement of
the arms 66 to thereby move the pick-up roll
elements 26 toward the take-over roller 2!. As
said pick-up roll elements are thus inwardly
moved, the pinions 26 thereof. will travel on the 70
racks 62 thus imparting to the pick-up roll ele
ments an anti-clockwise rotation, thereby pick
ing up the top-most items I from the stack S by
its rearward marginal portion and thereupon
rolling the same upon the pick-up roll elements 16
2,111,024
wheel ‘II, the latter being also loosely mounted
thus producing an eii‘ect that may be character
ized as “peeling” the item I from the stack 8
(see Figs. 4 and 5). The picked up marginal por
tion of item I is consequently carried inwardly
on said shaft i2 for independent rotation thereon
in company with said eccentric transmission
and thus directed toward the take-over roller 2 I.
and is ?nally presented between the under sur
face of the latter and the rollers 52 of the presser
pawlsil. Once the marginal portion of item I
10 is thus engaged by the take-over roller 2|, the op
eration of the air suction means is so timed as
to discontinue its suction effect through the pick
up roll elements 26, thus releasing item I from
the latter so that the grip of the rotating take
over roller 2| and cooperative presser pawls func
tions to propel the item onward until the same is
gripped between the rotating feed rollers i8 and
the outer circumferences of the conveyer rollers
or pulleys 15, which thereupon continue the for
ward movement of the item I so that the same is
delivered upon the forwardly moving courses of
the conveyer belts I1. In the meantime, the
continuing operation of the crank members 43
and links 44 operate to swing back or outwardly
I the arms 30, thereby moving the pick-up roll
30
3
while carrying the same upwardly and inwardly,
member 69. Slidable on the shaft l2, outwardly
of said trip wheel ‘I0, is a thrust disk ‘II which 5
is tensionaliy urged into engagement with the
outer side of said trip wheel 10 by a compression
spring 12 which is purchased against suitable
means ?xed on shaft H, such e. g. as the nuts
13. Said thrust disk ll frictionally engages the 10
mutually contacting faces of driver disk GI and
transmission member 6! together. Fixed on the
shaft 62 of the propulsion roller 8i, so as to rotate
therewith, is driver wheel 14, the periphery of
which opposes the eccentric periphery of said
transmission member 09. The trip wheel 10 is
formed in its periphery with a radial stop
shoulder 15. This stop shoulder ‘I5 is normally
engaged by the free end of detent lever 16 which
is ?xed on a rock-shaft 11; said rock-shaft ex
20
tending between and being journaled in said side
plates 2 and 3 below the conveyer belts l'l. Fixed
on said rock-shaft TI is a detent release lever 18.
the free end of which is disposed beneath said
propulsion roller ii in normally up-raised posi 25
elements 25 outwardly with reversed rotative ef
tion within the annular clearance channel or
feet, so as to return the same to normal initial
position for a repetition of the described opera
groove 61 of the latter. Said detent lever 15,
rock-shaft ‘I1 and release lever 18 are yieldingly
held in operative detaining relation to the trip
wheel 10 by spring means 19 or the like which 30
operatively engages the rearwardly extending arm
80 of said detent lever. Projecting outwardly
from ‘the outer face of said trip wheel '10 is a
trip pin 8i. Suitably mounted on the side plate
tions.
Secured to the inner faces of the side plates
2 and 3. to underlie the forwardly moving courses
of the adjacent conveyer belts ll, are ledges or
supporting plates 56.
Longitudinally spaced
presser rollers 51 and 58 are arranged to engage
the thus supported conveyer belt courses. These
presser rollers are respectively carried by pivoted
arms 59, extending respectively in opposite direc
tions from pivot posts 60 mounted on the side
plates 2 and 3 respectively, so that said presser
rollers are held by gravity in operative engage
ment with said conveyer belts and with items
carried forward by the latter.
Mounted above the rollers or pulleys i5 is a
propulsion roller ii, the shaft 62 of which is
45 carried in spring-controlled bearing brackets 63
so that said propulsion roller is yieldably urged to
ward and in contact with the outer circumferences
of the underlying rollers or pulleys l6. Said pro
pulsion roller Si is positively driven by intermesh
50 ing gears 64 and 65; gear 64 being fixed on the
driven shaft I2 which carries the rollers or pulleys
l6, and gear 65 being fixed on shaft 62 of said
propulsion roller. Said propulsion roller Si is
preferably made of rubber or similar more or less
55 resilient material. Intermediate its ends and at
one side of its circumferential face, said propul
sion roller is provided with a concave cutaway
portion or indented space 55 which intersects a
circumferential annular clearance channel. or
60 groove 61 by which the surface of said propul
sion roller is indented.
The counting mechanism of the machine is
arranged to be actuated as an item passes be
tween and through the rollers or pulleys l6 and
65 the propulsion roller 6 i . The counting mechanism
may be arranged for continuous counting, or for
2 is a registering counter device 82 of any suit~=
able type having an actuating lever 83. Pivotally
mounted on side plate 2 adjacent to the trip
wheel ‘ii! is a trip lever fulcrumed at 84. The for
ward arm 85 of said trip lever is disposed in ‘the
path of movement of said trip pin 81, as moved 40
by the turning of the trip wheel 10, while the
rearward arm 86 of said trip lever is operatively
connected by link 81 with the actuating lever
83 of the counter device 82. A pull spring 38
connected with the rearward arm 86 of said
trip lever returns all parts to normal initial
position after action thereof.
The counting mechanism as thus far described
is adapted for continuous counting, and the oper
ation thereof is as follows:
50
After the item I is delivered by the feed rollers
it onto the conveyer belts ll, the same is carried
onward by said belts, being successively engaged
and held to the latter, so as to move therewith, by
the presser rollers 51 and 58. The belts i1 ?nally
carry the leading margin of the item I into the
nip of the rollers or pulleys i6 and propulsion
roller M. The timed rotation of the propulsion
roller ii is such that the indented space 66 thereof
registers with the leading marginal portion of 60
item I, thus allowing space for yielding of such
portion toward the propulsion roller until the item
is moved far enough between the rollers or pulleys
i 5 and propulsion roller ii to assure a strong and
positive grip thereof upon the item, and its as 65
sured disposition over the free end of the detent
release lever 18 (see Fig. 9) without risk of tear
ing- or mutilating the item. Continued rotation
counting with automatic stopping of the machine
upon completion of the count of a predetermined
number of items. The counting mechanism com
of the propulsion roller 6| beyond this point brings
prises a driver disk 68 which is ?xed on the driven the maximum circumference of the same into en 70
shaft [2 so as to be rotated therewith. Loosely gagement with the item so as to tautly hold the
mounted on said shaft i2, for independent rota
same, and thus, in passing on over the free end
tion thereon, is an eccentric transmission mem-‘ of said detent release lever 18, to thereupon de
ber 69, and frictionally engaged by the outer face press said lever. Depression of detent release
75 of said transmission member 89 is a counter trip lever ‘I8 rocks the rockshaft 11, which in turn de 75
4
2,111,024
presses the detent lever 18 so as to disengage its
free end from the stop shoulder 15 of trip-wheel
18. thus freeing the latter for rotation. Owing to
the frictional engagement of the transmission
member 69 with the driver disk 88, rotation of
said trip wheel 18 is initiated, thus starting its
trip pin 8i toward the forward arm 88 of the
trip lever. At the initiation of the above described
movements, the eccentric transmission member
89 is so disposed that the low side of its periphery
15
25
30
35
is opposed to the driver wheel 14, the periphery
of which, under such circumstances, clears the
periphery of said transmission member 89 so that
normally no driving effect is transmitted by the
driver wheel 14 to the latter (see Fig. 12). When,
however, the trip wheel 18 is released and begins
to turn together with the transmission member
69 under the frictional clutching contact of these
parts with the drive disk 88 operated by driven
shaft I2, the initial turning of the eccentric trans
mission member 69 carries the high side of its
periphery toward and into engagement with the
periphery of the driver wheel 14 which is driven
by the propulsion roller shaft 62, so that, by the
time the trip pin 8| engages the trip lever (and
starts into operative moving engagement with the
primary counter ratchet wheel of a predetermined
count stop mechanism, to be subsequently de
scribed, when such count stop mechanism is em
ployed), a strong additional power transmission
e?’ect is exerted by the driver wheel 18, which is
suillcient to overcome any resistance offered by
the counter mechanism to be actuated, and con
sequently gives assurance against any slippage of
the frictional power transmission from shaft I2
under such circumstances (see Fig. 13). As the
trip pin 8i passes over and in contact with the
trip lever, the arm 85 thereof is depressed, thus
up-swinging the arm 86, and thereby transmit
ting, through link 81, operative movement to the
actuating lever of the counter device 82. The
item I in passing between and through the nip of
the propulsion roller 6| with the rollers or pulleys
I8 is thus counted and accumulates a unit to the
45 total registered by the counter device. By the
time the item I passes beyond the propulsion
roller 6 I, the detent release lever 18 is freed there
from, to in turn free the detent lever 19 for re
turn to normal initial position ready to engage the
50 stop shoulder 15 and thus again arrest the trip
wheel 18 and eccentric transmission member 89 in
normal initial positions ready for a repetition of
the above described counting operation, which
operation is repeated as each succeeding item‘ I
is engaged by and passed on between the rollers
or pulleys I8 and propulsion roller 81.
The predetermined count stop mechanism oper
ates in conjunction with the manipulatable main
switch means controlling the electrical power
end with a nosing 98 of insulation material which
is opposed to said contact elements 89 and 90.
When circuit closer bar 91 is moved inwardly, the
nosing 98 engages one of the contact elements,
as 99, and thrusts the same into circuit closing
engagement with the other contact element, as
98. The top margin of said circuit closer bar 91 is
notched. as at 99, to receive the latch-piece I88
of a pivoted detent member I81, operative to hold
the circuit closer bar 91 inwardly moved to its
circuit closing position .and held against the ten
sion of a retracting spring I82. At its rearward
or inner end said detent member IN is provided
with an upwardly inclined tail-piece I89 having. a
chamfered nosing I“ at its extremity for pur
poses to be presently set forth. Projecting later
ally outward from said detent member IIII is a
stud I89, and connected with said stud is a pull
spring I99 operative to yieldably urge said detent
member III operatively toward said circuit closer 20
bar 91. Rotatable on a journal post I81, which
projects outwardly from side plate 2, is a sleeve
I88 having ai?xed on its outer end a unit count
ing ratchet wheel I89, the toothed periphery of
which is disposed in the path of movement of the
trip pin 91 carried by the trip wheel 18. A?lxed
on the inner end of said sleeve I88 is a transfer
wheel II8 having a laterally projecting secondary
trip pin I I I. Said transfer wheel I I8 is of ratchet
wheel form, the teeth of which correspond in
number to those of said unit counting ratchet
wheel I99. Cooperative with the teeth of said
transfer wheel III is a pivoted spring pressed
detent pawl II! to prevent reverse rotation and
back-lash of said transfer wheel H8 and ratchet
wheel I89. Rotatable on a journal post II9, which
also projects outwardly from side plate'i, is an
accumulator counting ratchet wheel I“. the
toothed periphery of which is disposed in the
path of movement of the secondary trip pin III 40
carried by said transfer wheel II8. Fixed on the
outer face of said accumulator counting ratchet
wheel II‘ is a plate II! having on its periphery
release cam‘ elements II8 cooperative with the
chamfered nosing I88 of the detent member tail 45
piece I89. Cooperative with the teeth of said ac
cumulator counting ratchet wheel I I8 is a pivoted
spring pressed detent pawl I11 to prevent reverse
rotation and back-lash of said accumulator
counting ratchet wheel. In the illustrated form 50
of the predetermined count stop mechanism, the
same is shown as adapted to stop vthe machine
when count of one hundred items is completed.
To this end the unit counting ratchet wheel I89
is provided with twenty teeth, so that at each 55
complete revolution, the secondary trip pin III
will engage and advance the accumulator count
ing ratchet wheel one step. Five revolutions of
the unit counting ratchet wheel I89 will advance
machine is actuated. In one illustrative form,
this main switch means comprises a pair of nor
the accumulator counting ratchet wheel ?ve steps, 60
thus accumulating the ?ve unit counts of twenty
represented by ?ve revolutions of the unit count
mally separated spring contact elements 89 and
ing ratchet wheel to a total count of one hundred
98 supported from the base I by an insulation
piece 9I. Current from a suitable source of elec
trical energy is delivered by incoming circuit wire
represented by the ?ve steps of the accumulator
counting ratchet wheel. A release cam element 65
92 to contact element 89, which, when engaged
tion to the nosing I84 of the detent member tail
with contact element 98, passes the current on
piece I89, when said accumulator counting ratchet
wheel completes the live steps imparted thereto
60 circuit which serves the motor 9 by which the
through circuit wire 98, thence through the motor
70 8, and thence by circuit wire 94 to outgoing circuit
wire 95 back to source of supply. Slidably mount
ed in supporting brackets 96 at the side of the
machine where the counting mechanism is lo
cated, and below the latter, is a longitudinally
75 shiftable circuit closer bar 91 provided at its inner
II8 of plate II! is brought into operative rela-.
in the manner described. Such operative effect of 70
a release cam element II9 depresses the tail-piece
I89 and turns the detent member IN on its ful
crum to swing the latter upwardly and thus with
draw its latch-piece I88 out of the notch 99 of
circuit closer bar 91, whereupon, under the in 75
9,111,024
fluence of its spring Ill2, said bar 31 is retracted,
and the nosing 38 thereof is withdrawn from the
5
ously delivered into the hopper or housing, while
at the same time opposing the step I21 to the in
coming item I, so that the leading end of the lat
the latter separate (see Fig. 14), thus interrupting ter rides onto the low point of said lift cam roller.
the motor circuit and stopping the machine In this manner the previously deposited stack
against further operation until the circuit closer of items 8' is lifted (see Fig. 15) and upheld so as
bar 31 is again thrust inwardly and latched. It ~ to allow the incoming item I to move beneath
will be understood, that said accumulator count
the same. When the incoming item I is thus
ing ratchet wheel Ill may have any number of started beneath the stack S’, continued rotation
teeth in multiples or groups of five, with the plate of the lift cam roller, cooperatively with the sec
I I5 provided with a release cam element I I6 corre
ondary conveyer belts, serves to slide said incom
sponding to each multiple or group of ?ve teeth. ing item wholly into the hopper or housing I23
While the predetermined count stop mechanism to take its place at the bottom of stack 8' (see
has been shown, for the purposes of illustration, Fig. 16). To prevent displacement of the stack
as operative for a predetermined count of one 8' through the open inner side of said hopper
hundred items, it will be understood that the or housing I23, laterally spaced guard or keeper
same may be modi?ed to effect predetermined fingers I23 are provided, the same being carried
counts of any other number, by suitably altering by a transverse supporting bar I35 secured to and
the tooth ratio of the unit and accumulator between adjacent portions of the side plates 2
counting ratchet wheels. It will be obvious that and
continuous counting effect may be obtained by
To assure against erroneous counts if per
simply removing the unit counting ratchet wheel chance more than a single item at a time is in
out of the path of movement of the trip pin 8t advertently picked up and fed to the primary
carried by trip wheel 10.
conveyer (as might occur e. g. if two or more
After an item has passed beyond propulsion items were adhered together), means are pro
roller iii, and has actuated the counting mecha
vided to automatically stop the machine opera
nism in the manner described, the counted item tlon before the counting operation is effected
I is delivered to stacking receiver means. Such thereby. This means is arranged to operate cir
stacking receiver means comprises secondary‘ cuit closing devices in a shunt circuit serving
conveyer belts II8 driven by additional grooved an electro-magnetic means for releasing the cir
cuit closer bar 91 for interruption of the main
or channeled rollers or pulley wheels IIQ fixed
on the driven shaft I2 intermediate certain of’ circuit serving the motor 6 which drives the ma
the rollers or pulley wheels I6 serving the primary chine. A shunt circuit wire I36, leading from. the
conveyer belts E1. These secondary conveyer incoming circuit wire 92 of the main circuit, is
motor circuit contact elements 88 and III so that
10
15
20
25
belts Iii-i pass around a guide bar I 23 and suit
separated spring contact elements I31 and. Q38
shafts of which extend between and are journaled
in said side plates 2 and 3. The forwardly mov
ing courses of said secondary conveyer belts H3
40 pass beneath an upstanding hopper or housing
supported by a block or bracket I39 of insulation
material mounted on a side plate of the machine
so as to dispose the same adjacent to the feed
wheels I8.
is a circuit wire Ilii which is connected with one
said side plates 2 and 3 by hinge ears @24, so
that the same may be swung or tipped outwardly
to give more convenient access to items stacked
45 therein, when it is desired to remove said items
therefrom. Journaled in and between the side
plates 2 and 3, is a shaft I25, and ?xed on said
shaft I25 are sections of an eccentric lift cam
roller I26 having a radial step I21 between its
high and low point. This lift cam roller I26 is
pole of a solenoid “I, from the other pole of
55 tions thereof, belt supporting rollers I2l‘i being
mounted on said shaft I25 between said lift cam
roller sections. Said shaft I25 is driven. from
25
30
Leading from contact element I 38
I23 which is preferably hingedly connected with
disposed just within and adjacent to the open
20
connected with one, as I31, of a pair of normally 35
ably disposed supporting rollers I25 and I22 the
inner side of said hopper or housing I23 at the
bottom thereof, and is so arranged that the sec-=
ondary conveyer belts II8 pass between the sec
15
which extends a circuit wire I42 which is con
nected with the outgoing circuit wire 95 of said
main circuit, thus establishing a shunt circuit 45
serving said solenoid. The solenoid I“ is mount
ed on a bracket I33 connected with base I so as
to be disposed above and adjacent to the detent
member Iiii which cooperates with the main cir
cuit closer bar 9?. The solenoid “I is provided
with a vertically movable armature I44 which
is connected by a link I45 to the stud I05 of de
tent member I?I. Supported by the side plates
2 and 3, to extend therebetween, is a horizontai
bridge plate “it having a portion overhanging
55
the rollers or pulleys I5. A?ixed to said bridge
plate I46 is a bracket I41 having a vertically
shaft I2 by sprocket and chain transmission I26,
disposed channeled guide portion I48 disposed
or any other suitable transmission means, so as
through an opening or hatch in said bridge plate.
to produce properly timed rotation of said lift
Vertically adjustable on said guide portion I48 60
cam roller I23. As a counted item 1' is delivered
upon and carried onwardly by the secondary7
conveyer belts II8 toward the hopper or housing
I23, the item is engaged by presser rollers I36,
the spindle I3I of which is supported in bearing
brackets I32 in such manner that gravity will
cause said presser rollers to engage the secondary
conveyer belts and the item carried thereby, thus
assuring forward movement of the latter toward
70 and into the hopper or housing. As the item I
- approaches and is about to enter through the
open inner side of hopper or housing I23, the lift
cam roller I26, as governed by its timed rotation
in anti-clockwise direction, presents its high
15 point I25’ beneath the stack of items S’ previ
is a bearing plate I 49, the same having a bifur
cated lateral extension I50 at its upper end. Ro
tatably connected with said extension I50 is the
?nger piece I5I of an adjusting screw I52 which
is threaded into a nut-piece I53 with which the
bracket I41 is provided. Rotatably mounted on 65
the lower end of said bearing plate I49 is a
gauge wheel I53 having its periphery opposed to
the outer circumference of a roller or pulley I5.
Projecting from the periphey of said gauge wheel
I54 is a circuit closer pin I55. Said gauge wheel
I54 is yieldably held by a pull spring I56 in a
normal initial position which is determined by
engagement of a stop-pin I51, carried by said
wheel, with the lower extremity of said guide
6
'
2,111,094
portion I48. In the normal initial position of said
gauge wheel I", the circuit closer pin I" is
downwardly removed and spaced from said con
tact elements Ill and I“, which are disposed to
lie in the path of movement of said pin. By turn
ing the adjusting screw "2 the bearing plate I48
may be vertically adjusted to position the periph
ery of the gauge wheel I“ in a predetermined
spaced relation to the other circumference of
10 the roller or pulley II to which it is opposed.
Such spacing is so adjusted as to provide a clear
ance space between said wheel I84 and roller
or pulley I5 suflicient to permit the thickness of
a single item to pass beneath the gauge wheel
15 without frictional contact therewith sumcient
to impart rotation to said wheel (see Fig. 7) , thus
assuring desired forward movement of successive
single items. In the event two or more items
are adhered or otherwise caused to move forward
together, the increased thickness of the thus
combined items will cause the same to engage
the periphery of the gauge wheel I54 with su?i
cient friction to cause rotation of the same in a
clockwise direction. when rotary movement is
thus imparted to the gauge wheel, its movement
will carry upwardly the circuit closer pin I58
into circuit closing engagement with the contact
elements I31 and I" (see Fig. 8), which are
thereby closed together to close the shunt cir
30 cuit serving the solenoid “I. When the solenoid
MI is thus energized, its armature I44 is uplifted,
thereupon pulling upwardly upon/the link I 45,
and, by the engagement of'the latter with stud
III! of detent member Ill, thereby upswinging
35 said detent member so as to release circuit closer
bar 91, whereupon the main circuit serving motor
6 is interrupted and the machine is immediately
brought to a stop. The machine attendant upon
removing the adhered items, may again start up
the machine, by thrusting inward the circuit
closer bar 91 to circuit closing position.
In order that the machine attendant may be
warned that the machine has stopped, either
by reason of the attempted passage of two or
more items, or by reason of the completion of a
count of a predetermined number of items, a
signal means to give such noti?cation is pro
contact with the ?xed contact element Itl', thus
interrupting the shunt circuit serving the signal
lamp I59. When, by occurrence of either of the
above mentioned causes. the circuit closer arm
91 is released and retracted to main circuit
interrupting position. whereby the machine is
stopped, the lift-pin I" is moved with the cir
cuit closer bar 91 into the indentation I“ of
arm I64, thus permitting said arm to swing
downward. and thereby carrying the movable
contact element III into circuit closing engage
ment with fixed contact element Iii’, where
upon current immediately flows through the
shunt circuit serving said signal lamp Ill, so
that the latter is illuminated to thereby give
visual signal to the attendant that the machine
is stopped and requires attention for resumed
operation. It will be obvious that other forms
of signal means may be utilized, such e. g. as
an audible signal, and that variations may be 20
made in the signal control means.
The machine of this invention is well adapted
to count various kinds of sheet material, but is
especially adapted to count paper money. For
the latter service, the machine, as illustratively 25
shown in the drawings, is arranged to receive
and move the bills to be counted through the
machine, in a. crosswise position, i. c. with the
lengths of the bills lying transversely to the path
of movement thereof through the machine. It 30
will be understood, however, that the machine
may be equally well arranged to receive and
move the bills therethrough in a lengthwise
position, i. e. with the length of the bills lying
parallel to the path of movement thereof through
the machine. In the latter case no change in the
functional construction or mode of operation of
the machine is necessary except to increase the
diameters of the pick-up roll elements 28, the
rollers or pulleys I8 and the propulsion roller 40
6| cooperative therewith, and the lift-cam roller
I26 to better accommodate these parts propor
tionally to the length of the bills rather than
to the width thereof; and, in like manner, the
path of movement of the bills through the ma
chine is narrowed down to conform to the width
of the bill rather than to the length thereof.
These, it will be understood, are all changes in
proportion or size rather than changes in func
being adapted, by its illumination, to give a visual tional character and relationship of the opera
50
signal. The means for controlling the signal is '
tive parts of the machine.
>
actuated by movements of the circuit closer
In the accompanying drawings I have shown
bar 91 to open and close a shunt circuit serving my invention and have described the same in
said lamp I59. This circuit comprises a circuit the above speci?cation merely in a preferred
vided. Illustrative of one type of such signal,
an electric signal lamp I" is shown, the same
65 wire I 60 leading from the incoming main'circuit
wire 92 to a movable contact element I 6|. Said
movable contact element cooperates with a ?xed
contact element Itl’ which is connected by a
circuit wire I62 with one pole of lamp I59, the
circuit being completed from the other pole of
said lamp through a circuit wire I83 back to the
outgoing main circuit wire 85. Said movable
, contact element ISI is carriedon an oscillatable
arm I64 which is pivotally supported by a stand
ard or post I65 above the base adjacent to said
circuit closer bar 91. A?ixed to the side of said
circuit closer bar 91 is a bracket I66 from which
projects a laterally extending lift pin I" which
underlies said arm I84. The under margin of
70 said arm I84 is provided with a cam-like inden
tation I80. when the circuit closer bar 91 is
inwardly thrust to circuit closing position, the
lift pin I6‘! is disposed‘beyond the indentation
I" of arm I64, thus serving to uplift said arm
to hold the movable contact element ISI out of
form and by way of example, but obviously many
.alterations and variations may be made therein
and in its component mechanisms and parts as
well as in the mode of operation thereof, which
will still be comprised within the spirit of my
invention.
Generally speaking, I desire it to be -
understood that I do not limit myself to any
speci?c form or embodiment except in so far as
is de?ned in the here following claims.
I claim:—
1. In a. machine of the class described, com .65
prising means to pick up sheets of material suc
cessively from a deposited stack thereof and de
liver the same to a conveyer means, a counting
mechanism, means to which the sheets are suc
cessively delivered by the conveyer means for .70
propelling the same into actuating contact with
said counting mechanism, a receiving stacker
means at the discharge end of said conveyer
means for the counted sheets including means
for raising the pile of sheets previously delivered 75
'7
3,1 1 1,024
and stacked therein for the insertion and recep
tion of each successively delivered sheet beneath
and at the bottom of said pile.
2. In a machine of the class described, a con
veyer means, means to pick up sheets of material
successively from a deposited stack thereof and
deliver the same onto said conveyer means, a
counting mechanism, means to which the sheets
are successively delivered by the conveyer means
10 for propelling the same into actuating contact
with said counting mechanism, an electric driv
ing motor, transmission means actuated by said
motor to operate said conveyer means, pick up
means and propelling means by which the sheets
are manipulated, a power circuit serving said
motor including ~a control switch, a movable
spring-released switch closing means, and a de
tent for holding the latter means in switch clos~
ing position, said counting mechanism including
means for tripping said detent to stop the ma
chine when a predetermined number of sheets
have been counted.
3. In a machine of the class described, a con
veyer means, means to pick up sheets of mate
govl
rial successively from a deposited stack thereof
and deliver the same onto said conveyer means,
clear single sheets traveling in said path but so
as to be engaged and rotated by superimposed
sheets, and said gauge wheel having means
adapted to be carried by its rotation into closing
relation to said switch.
6. A machine of the class described as defined
in claim 4, wherein the means adapted to be ac
tuated by a superimposed plurality of sheets com
prises an electro-magnetic means operatively in
terlinked to the detent,’ a circuit serving said 10
electro-magnetic means having a normally open
switch, a gauge wheel, means for adjusting said
gauge wheel to the path of movement of sheet
material so as to normally clear single sheets
traveling in said path but so as to be engaged 15
and rotated by superimposed sheets, and said
gauge wheel having means adapted to be car
ried by its rotation into closing relation to said
switch.
‘
‘.7. In a machine of the class described, a count
actuated means for driving said trip wheel, means
for holding said-trip wheel normally inactive,
means for releasing said trip wheel holding means
to free said trip wheel for operation, and means
to which sheets to be counted are successively
a counting mechanism, means to which the sheets
delivered for propelling said sheets into actuating
are successively delivered by the conveyer means
for propelling the same into actuating contact
engagement with said releasing means.
with said counting mechanism, an electric driv
ing motor, transmission means actuated by said
motor to operate said conveyer means, pick up
means and propelling means by which the sheets
are manipulated, a power circuit serving said
motor including a control switch, a movable
spring-released switch closing means, a detent
for holding the latter means in switch closing
position, and means adapted to be actuated by a
superimposed plurality of sheets of material for
40 tripping said detent to stop the machine so as to
prevent ,‘delivery of such plural sheets by said
conveyer means into actuating relation to said
counting mechanism.
4. In a machine of the class described, a con
; veyer means, means to pick up sheets of mate
rial successively from a deposited stack thereof
and deliver the same onto said conveyer means,
a counting mechanism, means to which the sheets
are successively delivered by the conveyer means
for propelling the same into actuating contact
with said counting mechanism, an electric driving
motor, transmission means actuated by said mo
tor to operate said conveyer means, pick up
means and propelling means by which the sheets
are manipulated, a power circuit serving said
motor including a control switch, a movable
spring-released switch closing means, a detent
for holding the latter means in switch closing po
sition, and means adapted to be actuated by a
60 superimposed plurality of sheets of material for
tripping said detent to stop the machine so as
to prevent delivery ofsuch plural sheets by said
conveyer means into-actuating relation to said
counting mechanism, said counting mechanism
also including means for tripping said detent to
stopv the machine when a predetermined number
of sheets have been counted.
5. A machine of the class described as de?ned
in claim 3, wherein ‘the means adapted to be
actuated by a superimposed plurality of sheets
comprises an electro-magnetic means operative‘
ly interlinked to the detent, a circuit serving
said electro-magnetic means having a normally
open switch, a gauge wheel opposed to the path
of movement of sheet material so as to normally
20
ing mechanism including a trip wheel, power
8. In a machine of the class described, a count
ing mechanism including a trip wheel, means for '
holding said trip wheel normally inactive, a trans
mission member having an eccentric periphery
aillxed to and rotatable with said trip wheel,
power actuated frictional clutch means to impart
initial movement to said trip wheel and its as
sociated transmission member, a power actuated
driver wheel opposed to said transmission mem
ber, said eccentric transmission member when in
normal initial position having its low side op
posed to but unengaged by said driver wheel, said
driver wheel being adapted to contact the high
side of said eccentric transmission member with
strong driving eifect after movement of the lat
ter is initiated, means for releasing said trip
wheel holding means to free said trip wheel for
operation, and means to which sheets to be count
ed are successively delivered for propelling said
sheets into- actuating engagement with said re
leasing means.
9. In a machine of the kind described, a con
veyer means, means to pick up sheets of material
successively from a deposited stack thereof and
deliver the same onto said conveyer means, a
counting mechanism including a trip wheel, power
actuated means for driving said trip wheel, means
for holding said trip wheel normally inactive,
means for releasing said trip wheel holding means
to free said trip wheel for operation, means to
which sheets to be counted are successively de
livered by said conveyer means for propelling
said sheets into actuating engagement with said
releasing means, an electric driving motor, trans~
mission means actuated by said motor to operate
said pick up means, conveyer means, propelling
means and trip wheel actuating means, a power
circuit serving said motor including ,a control
switch, a movable spring-released switch closing
means, and a detent for holding the latter means
in switch closing position, said counting mecha
nism including means for tripping said detent to
stop the machine when a predetermined number
of sheets have been counted.
10. In a machine of the kind described, a con
veyor means, means to pick up sheets of material
successively from a deposited stack thereof and 75
8
2,111,024
deliver the same onto said conveyer means, a
counting mechanism including a trip wheel,
means for holding said trip wheel normally in
10
16
20
30
material so as to normally clear single sheets
traveling in said path but so as to be engaged
and rotated by superimposed sheets, and said
active, a transmission member having an eccen
gauge wheel having means adapted to be car
tric periphery a?lxed to and rotatable with said
trip, wheel power actuated frictional clutch
ried by its rotation into closing relation to said
eration of the counting mechanism comprising,
adapted to be actuated by a superimposed plu
rality 01' sheets of material for causing the stop
ping of the machine to prevent delivery or‘ such
plural sheets by said conveyer means into actu 40
ating relation to said counting mechanism.
switch.
means to impart initial movement to said trip “
12. In a machine of the class described, .com
wheel and its associated transmission, member, prising a roller supported conveyer belt means,
a power actuated driver wheel opposed to said feed roller means cooperative with the support
ing roller at the receiving end of said conveyer
transmission member, said eccentric transmis
sion member when in normal initial position belt means, a take-over roller means in advance
having its low side opposed to but unengaged of said feed roller means adapted to deliver
by said driver wheel, said driver wheel being sheets of material to said feed roller and con
veyer belt means, means to pick up sheets 01' ma
adapted to contact the high side of said eccen
tric transmission member with strong driving terial successively from a deposited stack there 15
effect after movement 01' the latter is initiated, of and deliver the same to said take-over roller
means for releasing said trip wheel holding means, a counting mechanism, and means to
means to free said trip wheel for operation, which the sheets are successively delivered by
the conveyer means for propelling the same into
means to which sheets to be counted are succes
actuating contact with said counting mecha
sively delivered by said conveyer means for pro
pelling said sheets into actuating engagement nism.
with said releasing means, an electric driving
13. In a machine of the class described, com
prising a roller supported conveyer belt means,
motor, transmission means actuated by said mo
tor to operate said pick-up means, conveyer feed roller means cooperative with the support
means, propelling means, frictional trip-wheel ing roller at the receiving end of said conveyer 25
clutch means and driver wheel, a power circuit belt means, a take-over roller means in advance
serving said motor including a control switch, of said feed roller means adapted to deliver sheets
a movable spring-released switch closing means, of material to said feed roller and conveyer belt
and a detent for holding the latter means in means, means to pick up sheets of material suc
switch closing position, said counting mechanism cessively from a deposited stack thereof and de 30
including means for tripping said detent to stop liver the same to said take-over roller means,
the machine when a predetermined number of a counting mechanism, means to which the
sheets are successively delivered by the conveyer
sheets have been counted.
means for propelling the same into actuating
11. In a machine of the class described as de
?ned in claim 9, means to stop the machine and contact with said counting mechanism, and
prevent superimposed sheets from initiating op
means associated with said feed roller means
an electro-magnetic means operatively inter
linked with the detent serving said motor circuit
40 switch closing means, a circuit serving said elec
tro-magnetic means having a normally open
switch, a gauge wheel, means for adjusting said
gauge wheel to the path of movement of sheet
EDWARD P. DONNEILAN.
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