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Патент USA US2111105

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March 15, 1938.
G. TAVANI
2,111,105.
BROOCH AS SEMBLAGE
Filed Jan. 16, 1937 '
‘
?
'
-
INVENTOR. _
' éevzimra jéi/ma
2,111,105
Patented Mar. 15, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,111,105
BROOCH ASSEMBLAGE '
Gennaro Tavani, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application January 16, 1937, Serial No. 120,840
8 Claims.
This invention relates to jewelry and more par
ticularly refers to improvements in demountable
brooches comprising a pair of ornamental clips
held together by a special mounting.
The idea of combining a set of two ornamental
clips in order to produce a brooch is not per se
new, but such arrangements as have come to my
notice generally call for some addition to or modi
?cation of the usual construction of the type of
ornamental clips to which the invention refers,
resulting in unavoidable complications both in the
construction and use of these articles.
The primary object of this invention is to pro
vide a novel and improved combination of or
namental clips. and brooch mounting whereby a
brooch can be quickly assembled or disassembled
so as to permit the clips to be used separately
or as parts of the brooch assemblage.
Another object is to provide a novel and im
proved construction of ornamental clips and
brooch mounting adapted to cooperate with one
another in producing'a brooch assemblage, said
construction requiringbut very small changes
in the clips themselves and being adapted to be
' produced at a relatively low cost.
Another object is .to provide a novel and im
proved construction of ornamental clip and.
brooch mounting whereby the said two elements
can be caused to readily interlock and to be
just as readily disconnected, said construction
entailing the use of parts which can be produced
by punch and die operations insuring correct
alignment and positive action at all times.
Other objects and advantages of the present in
vention will more fully appear as the description
proceeds and will be set forth and claimed in
the appended claims.
My invention is illustrated by way of example
in the accompanying drawing, in which:
40
Fig. 1 is a rear view'in elevation of a brooch
assemblage embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is an edge view partly sectioned of the
same;
‘
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary ‘longitudinal section
45 thereof in an enlarged scale through line 3-3
of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a front view in elevation of the brooch
mounting shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is an end view in elevation thereof;
50
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view in an en
larged scale illustrating the manner of connect
ing one of the clips to the brooch mounting; '
Fig. 7 is a rear view in elevation of one of the
ornamental clips forming part of my brooch
assemblage showing its clasp in an expanded
position;
v
Fig. 8 is an edge view of the same;
Fig. 9 is a rear view in elevation of an orna
mental clip having its clasp extended, embody
60 ing my invention in an alternative form;
(Cl. 63-1)
Fig. 10 is an edge view thereof; and
Fig. 11 is a view similar to Fig. 10 illustrating
another alternative construction of clasp embody
ing my invention.
Referring to Figs. 1 to '7 of the drawing it is
seen that the brooch shown in Figs. 1 to 3 is
composed of two ornamental or dress clips 20, 2|
each comprising a front ornamental member 22,
23 having a substantially straight inner end edge
such as shown at 24, 25 and being formed with a 10
rearwardly projecting ridge such as shown at
20, 2'! along said inner edge.
On the ridge of each clip is permanently ?xed
a pivotal support 28, 29 for a spring clasp 30, 3|
used for clamping the clip onto the coat lapel 15
in the usual manner. Each pivotal support com
prises a base such as shown at 32 and two
end ears or lugs 33 between which is hinged the
attaching end of the corresponding clasp. The
base 32 of each pivotal support is secured by
soldering or some other similar manner to the
ridge portion of the clip and therefore it is not
always feasible to insure an exact predetermined
relative position of the two pivotal supports when
the two clips are set in adjoining relation in 25
order to form a brooch.
In another application for patent, entitled
“Brooch and clips combination” Ser. No. 106,072
copending herewith, I have described and
claimed a brooch assemblage in which a brooch .
mounting is designed so as to cooperate with the
ridge portion of the clips as a means for cor
rectly positioning and holding the two clips
together.
In the said arrangement a brooch mounting 35
is provided with tongues cooperating with the
inner surface of each ridge and with the outer
edge of the base of each pivotal support for
interlocking with the clips, one of the condi
tions for the correct working of the arrange 40
ment being that the inner end edges of the clips
abut against each other.
>
I have found that in practice it is not always
feasible to depend ‘upon the cast parts and sur
faces to provide means for exactly positioning 45
two adjoining parts; furthermore, soldering or
welding operations such as are employed in se
curing- the pivotal supports in place also give
rise to inequalities and irregularities which may
be due to running of the solder or other causes.
Such inequalities and irregularities as may
arise from the process of manufacture of the
clips can only be righted by the expenditure of
some labor that naturally increases the cost of
production beyond the practical limits imposed
by marketing possibilities.
55
It is also to be noted that ornamental clips
of the type to which this invention refers are
not always made with a straight inner edge but
have at times an edge formed with an irregular 60
2
2,111,105
contour which would preclude the exact abut
ment of the two end edge surfaces against each
other.
On the other hand, the clasps forming a part
of each clip are made out of sheet metal by
punch and die operations so that they always re
sult exactly alike and therefore provide absolutely
exact means for interlocking with a brooch
mounting which also is made out of sheet metal.
The brooch mounting, which is generally desig
nated by numeral 34, comprises a longitudinally
extending body portion 35 from the‘ lower 'por
tion of which are bent to upwardly extend two
tongues 36, 31; said tongues‘are adapted vto ‘be
15 inserted through and register with the space
de?ned by the inner surface 38 of the hinge
portion of the clasp13ilor?3l and two lugs 39, 40
struck off the body of the clasp and bent in
wardly thereof, ‘in parallel alignment to said
20
surface 38.
' '
The tongues are spaced fromthe body portion
of the mounting a distance suf?cient to receive
the thickness of the clasp,‘ and they are pref
erably somewhat longer‘than 'the width of the
25 clasp so as to project beyond it when the brooch
is assembled as shown in Fig. 1.
The tongues are caused to interlock with the
clasps in any desired manner so that when the
clips have been fully inserted in position upon
30 the mounting, the said parts will snap into inter
locking engagement. For instance, each tongue
may be longitudinally split as'shown, at 4| so as
to cause the two split portions thereof to acquire
a certain amount of resiliency in a lateral edge
35 wise direction. ' The outer split portion 42 of each
'tongue is furthermore provided with a notch
43, which is adapted, to vsnap into interlocking
engagement with the‘ adjoining lug'lll] when the
relative interlocking position‘of the tongue and
40 clasp'has been reached.
"
'The outer end “of said notch is preferably
formed with a rounded corner at so that'while the
spring action provided by the‘ splitting of the
body of the tongue is su?icient to cause a ?rm
engagement between‘the tongue and the clasp
to take place, the rounded’ corner 44 makes‘ it
possible to disengage thejtwo' parts merely by
exerting endwise pressure against‘ said parts
in the disengaging‘ direction.’
"
‘
.
1
As previously stated, the tongues 36, 31 are
bent inwardly with respect to the‘ body portion'35
of the brooch mounting so‘ that when‘ the device
is assembled ‘the vtongues will remain inserted
between the clasps and the rear surface of the
brooch mounting remaining exposed and‘forming
the rear surface of the assemblage‘ as Fig. 1 clear‘
lyshows.
'
'
‘
'
‘
'
'
‘
Said rear surface carries a safety pinv structure
comprising the usual pivotal support 45,2, lon
gitiidi'nally' extending pin 46>v having an end piv
otally, connectedto said support and a catch 41,
at the other, end for locking‘th'e free end with
said ‘pin in' position.
7
‘
'
'
"
‘
" The safety pin structure is preferably located,
65 above the longitudinal central line of the brooch
assemblage so that the weight of the}, clips will
cause the brooch to hang down vertically from
the‘, safety pinstr‘ucture.
'
‘
'
'
It will be‘ observed that by virtue of the con
70 struction described, each clip will ?rmly interlock
75
from each other a distance which is at least equal
and preferably a tri?e greater than the distance
separating the inner surfaces 38 of the hinged
portion of the clasps when the two clips are placed
end to end with their inner edges in abutment. Cl
" It is obvious that in order to provide an inter
locking engagement between the clasps and the
latch tongues it is not necessary that the inner
edge of each latch tongue be caused to abut
against the inner surface 38 of the hinge portion 1O
of the clasp.
If. ‘desired, the clasp can be provided With two
sets of lugs 39’-—50’, 39”-—40", spaced from each
other the v‘same distance as the width of the latch
tongue to be inserted therebetween, as shown in 15
Figs. 9” and 1}), the latch tongues being inwardly
spaced, with respect to the hinge portion of the
clasps instead of being abutting'thereagainst.
‘It is also obvious that if desired a means of
guiding each latch tongue and retaining it in
the proper position with respect to the clasp can
also be‘ provided‘ by forming a depression adapted
to receive the latch tongue in the body of the
clasp self instead of striking off ‘lugs projecting
from itssurfa'ce.
'
"'
'
Such an arrangement is illustrated in Fig. 11
where the clasp 48 is provided with a transversal
depression 49‘, the 'depth of which is substantially
equivalent‘ to the thickness of the latch tongue
to be inserted therein and the width of which is
substantially the same as that of the latch tongue.
The constructions described do not in any Way
interfere with‘ the proper functioning of the
clasps when the’ clips are used separately, and
to this end the clasps are provided with the usual
gripping, teeth 50 struck off and inwardly pro
jecting from‘ the body thereof.
_ While I prefer to bend the latch tongues up
wardly'from the lower longitudinal edge of the
mounting, so that the clips will be supported by 40
the mounting even in case one or both latch
tonguesshould fail to snap into interlocking en
gagement with the clasp or clasps, it is within
the'scope of my invention to reverse the position
of thelatch tongues, in which case it will be 45
necessary to rely entirely upon a positive locking
action preventing one or both, clips from slipping
o? their relative latch tongue.
It is thus seen that since my improved mount
ing makes it possible to locate the clips at any 50
desired, distance from each other, the arrange
ment makes it possible to totally disregard such
irregularities of the adjoining surfaces of the
clips as might otherwise interfere with their
proper mounting; furthermore, it makes it pos 55
sible to join two clips, the inner‘edge of ‘which
has an irregular or other than straight outline.
With this method of mounting, it is also pos
sible to so space’ the latch tongues 36, 31 that the 60
clips may remain'at a distance from each ‘other
suf?cient to permit the insertion therebetween of
a third ornamental element which can also be
held in position by means of a central latch tongue
added to the ‘two shown in’ the drawing.
65
Other ‘minor constructional details of my in- '
vention may vary' from those shown without de
parting‘ from the inventive idea. The drawing
should,v therefore, be understood as being in
tended for illustrative purposes only and not in a
with the brooch mounting independently of the
other so that there is’ no necessity of making
any provision for an exact abutment of surfaces
limiting sense.
of one of the clips against surfaces of the other.
‘All that is necessary is to place tongues 36,31
manners which may enter, fairly, into the scope
of the appended claims._
Accordingly, I reserve the, right to carry my
invention into practice in all those ways and
75.
3
2,111,105
I claim:
1. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally mounted
at the rear thereof, and a brooch mounting com,
prising a longitudinally extending body portion
and two longitudinally spaced latch tongue mem
bers integral therewith, said latch tongue mem
bers extending from one of the longitudinal edges
10 of said body portion across the front surface
thereof, transversely thereto, said latch tongue
members being spaced from said surface a dis
tance substantially corresponding to the thickness
of said spring clasps, and being adapted to inter
lock therewith.
2. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally mounted
at the rear thereof, and a brooch mounting com
20
prising a longitudinally extending body portion
and two longitudinally spaced latch tongue mem
bers integral therewith, said latch tongue mem
bers extending from one of the longitudinal edges
of said body portion across the front surface
25 thereof, transversely thereto, said latch tongue
members being spaced from said surface a dis
tance substantially corresponding to the thick
ness of said spring clasps, and being adapted
to interlock therewith, each spring clasp having
tongue members extending from one of the lon
gitudinal edges of said body portion across the
front surface thereof, transversely thereto, said
latch tongue members being spaced from said
surface a distance substantially corresponding
to the thickness of said spring clasps, and being
adapted to interlock therewith, each spring clasp
having lugs struck o? and projecting inwardly
of/the surface thereof, forming a guiding abut
ent for one of said latch tongue members, pre 10
venting relative lateral movement of said latch
tongue members and clasps.
6. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally 15
mounted at the rear thereof, a brooch mount
ing comprising a longitudinally extendinglbody
portion and two longitudinally spaced latch
tongue members integral therewith, said latch
tongue members extending from one of the lon
gitudinal edges of said body portion across the
front surface thereof, transversely thereto, said
latch tongue members being spaced from said
surface a distance substantially corresponding
to the thickness of said spring clasps, and being
adapted to interlock therewith, each spring clasp
having means forming a guiding abutment for
one of said latch tongue members, preventing
relative lateral movement of said latch tongue
30 means forming a guiding abutment for one of
members and clasps, and a- fastening device car
said latch tongue members, preventing relative
ried by said mounting at the rear surface thereof.
lateral movement of said latch tongue members
'7. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
and clasps.
_
3. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
mental
body and a
spring clasp pivotally
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally mounted
at the rear thereof, a brooch mounting compris
ing a longitudinally ext-ending body portion and
mounted at the rear thereof, and a brooch mount
two longitudinally spaced latch tongue members
40 integral therewith, said latch tongue members ex
tending from one of the longitudinal edges of said
body portion across the front surface thereof,
tongue members extending from one of the lon
transversely thereto, said latch tongue members
45
being spaced from said surface a distance sub
stantially corresponding to the thickness of said
spring clasps, and being adapted to interlock
therewith, and a fastening device carried by said
mounting at the rear surface thereof.
4. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip members,
each .clip member comprising a front ornamental
50 body and a spring clasp pivotally mounted at the
35
ing comprising a longitudinally extending body
portion and two longitudinally spaced latch
tongue members integral therewith, said latch
gitudinal edges of said body portion across the
front surface thereof, transversely thereto, said
latch tongue members being longitudinally split
to form laterally resilient structures, and being
spaced from said surface a distance substantially
corresponding to the thickness of said spring
clasps, and being adapted to interlock therewith,
each spring clasp having means forming a guid
ing abutment for one of said latch tongue mem
bers, preventing relative lateral movement of said
latch tongue members and clasps.
'
rear thereof, a brooch mounting comprising a
8. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
longitudinally extending body portion and, two
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally
longitudinally spaced latch tongue members in
tegral therewith, said latch tongue members ex
tending from one of the longitudinal edges of said
body portion across the front surface thereof,
transversely thereto, said latch tongue members
ing comprising a longitudinally extending body 55
portion and two longitudinally spaced latch
tongue members integral therewith, said latch
being spaced from said surface a distance sub
65
30
mounted at the rear thereof, a brooch mount
tongue members extending from one of the lon
gitudinal edges of said body portion across the
stantially corresponding to the thickness of said
spring clasps, and being adapted to interlock
therewith, and a fastening device carried by said
mounting at the rear surface and in proximity
of the longitudinal edge thereof opposite to that
from which extend said latch tongue members.
front surface thereof, transversely thereto, said
latch tongue members being longitudinally split
to form laterally resilient structures, and being
spaced from said surface a distance substantially
5. Ina brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
each spring clasp having means forming a guid
ing abutment for one of said latch tongue mem
bers, preventing relative lateral movement of said
latch tongue members and clasps, and a fasten
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally
mounted at the rear thereof, and a brooch mount
ing comprising a longitudinally extending body
70 portion and two longitudinally spaced latch
tongue members integral therewith, said latch
corresponding to the thickness of said spring
clasps, and being adapted to interlock therewith,
ing device carried by said mounting at the rear
surface thereof.
GENNARO TAVANI.
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