close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2111163

код для вставки
2,1 1 1,163
S. V. YECNY
_ FRUIT TURNING DEVICE
Filed Nov. 2'7, 1956
_
INVENTOR.
?fan/g/kygcly/
o’ 0 d4
ATTORNEYS. /
2,111,153
Patented Mar. 15, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT
2,111,163
FRUIT TURNING DEVICE
Stanley V. Yecny, near Chowchilla, Calif.
Application November 2'7, 1936, Serial No. 112,969
4 Claims. (Cl. 34-17)
This invention relates generally to driers, and
more particularly to frames, trays, pans etc.,
as employed in the drying of fruit by natural
or arti?cial means.
An object of this invention is to provide a de
vice in the nature of a portable support or hold
er which is structurally characterized to enable
a paper tray of fruit, such as raisin grapes, to
be turned with the utmost ease and dispatch by
a single operator and in such manner that fol
lowing suf?cient drying of the grapes on one side,
the grapes can be transferred to another and
similar tray with the reverse side of the grapes
exposed for drying.
Another object of the invention is to provide
15
a fruit turning device of the above described
character which, upon the completion of a turn
ing operation and the removal of the tray onto
which the grapes have been turned, disposes the
20 now empty fruit tray in a position to receive
the grapes from another loaded tray when. ap
plied to the device and a turning operation then
eifected, to the end that after each turning op
eration, an empty tray will be positioned to re
PO U! versely receive the contents of a loaded tray.
With these and other objects in view, the
invention consists in the combinations, arrange
ments and functional relationships of elements
as set forth in the following speci?cation and
30
particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawing,
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device
occupying an initial position preparatory to turn
ing the fruit;
Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view taken
35
on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, but showing the
device closed;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 and show
ing the device inverted;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the device
occupying its ?nal position after the turning
operation.
In carrying the invention into practice, a base
H] of rectangular outline has hinged thereto
45 along one longitudinal edge at l l, a cover I2 also
of similar rectangular outline.
Inclined cleats
13 are secured to the ends of the base to sup
port the latter in a position slightly inclined on
the ground or other horizontal support, and
50 strips I4—l4-l4 are secured to the base around
its ~marginal upper edge at its ends and at its
hinged side to sufliciently space the cover from
the base when closed, to prevent crushing of
fruit on a tray supported by the base.
55
The base 10 and cover 12 are constructed of
wood or other suitable material, and broadly
constitute ?at wall forming members co-opera
tively associated to occupy open and closed posi
tions.
Projecting from the inner side of the cover ‘
adjacent the ends thereof and the hinge connec
tion between the cover and base, are attaching
means in the form of puncturing elements spe
ci?cally illustrated as curved hooks l5-l5 hav
ing pointed ends and being of such length that 10
when the cover is closed, the hooks will at least
slightly penetrate the base for a purpose to be
described in the operation of the invention, which
is as follows:
A loaded tray A (Figure 1), which is con
structed of inexpensive strong paper as now ex
tensively employed in the drying of raisin grapes
and which is of approximately the same length
and width as that of the base 50 and cover I2,
is slid onto the base as shown in Figure 1.
It is to be understood that the grapes on the
tray A have been dried sufficiently on one side
and are to be transferred to an empty paper
tray B which latter is attached adjacent one edge
to the hooks l5-—I5 as also shown in Figure 1.
The operator now grasps the cover l2 and the
free edge portion of the tray 13, and moves the
cover to its closed position shown in Figure 2,
wherein the tray B overlies the tray A. During
this closing movement, the hooks l5—|5 pene 30
trate the tray A so that both trays are attached
to the hooks.
The operator now inverts the device as a unit
so that as shown in Figure 3, the grapes will be
transferred to the tray B with the reverse side
of the grapes uppermost thereon.
The base 10 is now swung upwardly and opened
as shown in Figure 4, following which the newly
loaded tray B underlying the now emptied tray
A is grasped adjacent its free forward edge and
is withdrawn from beneath the emptied tray by
being pulled from the hooks 15, thus leaving
the emptied tray attached to the hooks for use
in receiving a load of grapes from another tray
upon a repetition of the turning operation.
It will be apparent that after each turning
operation an empty tray remains supported by
the cover ii for co-action with a loaded tray on
the base it in receiving the grapes therefrom
upon inversion of the device, and that a loaded
tray can be readily slid onto and off of the base
from the ground or other support on which the
trays are placed for the drying operation. Fur
thermore, it will be appreciated that the device
greatly facilitates the turning of trays which are 55
2
2,111,163
constructed of paper or other material incapable
of self-support, yet are inexpensive and sani
tary as they can be discarded after use in dry~
ing the grapes on both sides. The device can
be readily manipulated by a single operator who
does not need to lift the device and its load dur
ing the turning operation, to the end of reducing
the labor to a minimum.
What is claimed is:
10
1. The method of turning fruit on trays by
utilizing two hingedly associated wall forming
members one of which is provided with tray at~
taching means, comprising placing a loaded tray
of fruit on one member when the members oc
16 cup-y an open position; applying an empty tray
to the attaching means; closing the members;
inverting the members to cause the loaded tray
to become attached to the attaching means, and
to transfer the fruit from the loaded tray re
20 versely to the empty tray; opening the members;
and withdrawing the newly loaded tray from be
neath the previously loaded tray, so that the latter
will provide an empty tray connected to the at~
taching means for a repetition of the turning
25 operation with another loaded tray.
2. The method of turning fruit on trays in~
capable of self-support, by utilizing two hingedly
associated rigid wall forming members, one of
which is provided with puncturing elements, com
30 prising placing a loaded tray of fruit on one
member when the members occupy an open posi
tion; applying an empty tray to the puncturing
elements; closing the members; inverting the
members to cause the puncturing elements to
puncture the loaded tray and to transfer the fruit
from the latter reversely to the empty tray; open 5
ing the members; and withdrawing the newly
loaded tray from the previously loaded tray so
that the latter will provide an empty tray applied
to the puncturing elements for a repetition of the
turning operation with another loaded tray.
10
3. A fruit turning device comprising two hing
edly associated wall forming members; means on
one of said members to which an empty tray can
be attached for co-action with a loaded tray on
the other member in reversely receiving fruit
from the loaded tray when the members are closed
and inverted; and means co-acting with said
member when closed, to space their confronting
surfaces from each other sufficiently to prevent
20
crushing of fruit between the trays.
4. A fruit turning device comprising two wall
forming members hingedly connected along one
edge; a plurality of tray attaching elements on
the inner side of one member at spaced locations
adjacent the hinged edge of the members; and 25
marginal strips on one of the members co-act
ing with the other member to space the confront
ing surfaces of the members from each other,
when the members are closed.
30
STANLEY V. YECNY.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
303 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа