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2,1 1 1,163 S. V. YECNY _ FRUIT TURNING DEVICE Filed Nov. 2'7, 1956 _ INVENTOR. ?fan/g/kygcly/ o’ 0 d4 ATTORNEYS. / 2,111,153 Patented Mar. 15, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT 2,111,163 FRUIT TURNING DEVICE Stanley V. Yecny, near Chowchilla, Calif. Application November 2'7, 1936, Serial No. 112,969 4 Claims. (Cl. 34-17) This invention relates generally to driers, and more particularly to frames, trays, pans etc., as employed in the drying of fruit by natural or arti?cial means. An object of this invention is to provide a de vice in the nature of a portable support or hold er which is structurally characterized to enable a paper tray of fruit, such as raisin grapes, to be turned with the utmost ease and dispatch by a single operator and in such manner that fol lowing suf?cient drying of the grapes on one side, the grapes can be transferred to another and similar tray with the reverse side of the grapes exposed for drying. Another object of the invention is to provide 15 a fruit turning device of the above described character which, upon the completion of a turn ing operation and the removal of the tray onto which the grapes have been turned, disposes the 20 now empty fruit tray in a position to receive the grapes from another loaded tray when. ap plied to the device and a turning operation then eifected, to the end that after each turning op eration, an empty tray will be positioned to re PO U! versely receive the contents of a loaded tray. With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the combinations, arrange ments and functional relationships of elements as set forth in the following speci?cation and 30 particularly pointed out in the appended claims. In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device occupying an initial position preparatory to turn ing the fruit; Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view taken 35 on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, but showing the device closed; Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 and show ing the device inverted; Figure 4 is a perspective view of the device occupying its ?nal position after the turning operation. In carrying the invention into practice, a base H] of rectangular outline has hinged thereto 45 along one longitudinal edge at l l, a cover I2 also of similar rectangular outline. Inclined cleats 13 are secured to the ends of the base to sup port the latter in a position slightly inclined on the ground or other horizontal support, and 50 strips I4—l4-l4 are secured to the base around its ~marginal upper edge at its ends and at its hinged side to sufliciently space the cover from the base when closed, to prevent crushing of fruit on a tray supported by the base. 55 The base 10 and cover 12 are constructed of wood or other suitable material, and broadly constitute ?at wall forming members co-opera tively associated to occupy open and closed posi tions. Projecting from the inner side of the cover ‘ adjacent the ends thereof and the hinge connec tion between the cover and base, are attaching means in the form of puncturing elements spe ci?cally illustrated as curved hooks l5-l5 hav ing pointed ends and being of such length that 10 when the cover is closed, the hooks will at least slightly penetrate the base for a purpose to be described in the operation of the invention, which is as follows: A loaded tray A (Figure 1), which is con structed of inexpensive strong paper as now ex tensively employed in the drying of raisin grapes and which is of approximately the same length and width as that of the base 50 and cover I2, is slid onto the base as shown in Figure 1. It is to be understood that the grapes on the tray A have been dried sufficiently on one side and are to be transferred to an empty paper tray B which latter is attached adjacent one edge to the hooks l5-—I5 as also shown in Figure 1. The operator now grasps the cover l2 and the free edge portion of the tray 13, and moves the cover to its closed position shown in Figure 2, wherein the tray B overlies the tray A. During this closing movement, the hooks l5—|5 pene 30 trate the tray A so that both trays are attached to the hooks. The operator now inverts the device as a unit so that as shown in Figure 3, the grapes will be transferred to the tray B with the reverse side of the grapes uppermost thereon. The base 10 is now swung upwardly and opened as shown in Figure 4, following which the newly loaded tray B underlying the now emptied tray A is grasped adjacent its free forward edge and is withdrawn from beneath the emptied tray by being pulled from the hooks 15, thus leaving the emptied tray attached to the hooks for use in receiving a load of grapes from another tray upon a repetition of the turning operation. It will be apparent that after each turning operation an empty tray remains supported by the cover ii for co-action with a loaded tray on the base it in receiving the grapes therefrom upon inversion of the device, and that a loaded tray can be readily slid onto and off of the base from the ground or other support on which the trays are placed for the drying operation. Fur thermore, it will be appreciated that the device greatly facilitates the turning of trays which are 55 2 2,111,163 constructed of paper or other material incapable of self-support, yet are inexpensive and sani tary as they can be discarded after use in dry~ ing the grapes on both sides. The device can be readily manipulated by a single operator who does not need to lift the device and its load dur ing the turning operation, to the end of reducing the labor to a minimum. What is claimed is: 10 1. The method of turning fruit on trays by utilizing two hingedly associated wall forming members one of which is provided with tray at~ taching means, comprising placing a loaded tray of fruit on one member when the members oc 16 cup-y an open position; applying an empty tray to the attaching means; closing the members; inverting the members to cause the loaded tray to become attached to the attaching means, and to transfer the fruit from the loaded tray re 20 versely to the empty tray; opening the members; and withdrawing the newly loaded tray from be neath the previously loaded tray, so that the latter will provide an empty tray connected to the at~ taching means for a repetition of the turning 25 operation with another loaded tray. 2. The method of turning fruit on trays in~ capable of self-support, by utilizing two hingedly associated rigid wall forming members, one of which is provided with puncturing elements, com 30 prising placing a loaded tray of fruit on one member when the members occupy an open posi tion; applying an empty tray to the puncturing elements; closing the members; inverting the members to cause the puncturing elements to puncture the loaded tray and to transfer the fruit from the latter reversely to the empty tray; open 5 ing the members; and withdrawing the newly loaded tray from the previously loaded tray so that the latter will provide an empty tray applied to the puncturing elements for a repetition of the turning operation with another loaded tray. 10 3. A fruit turning device comprising two hing edly associated wall forming members; means on one of said members to which an empty tray can be attached for co-action with a loaded tray on the other member in reversely receiving fruit from the loaded tray when the members are closed and inverted; and means co-acting with said member when closed, to space their confronting surfaces from each other sufficiently to prevent 20 crushing of fruit between the trays. 4. A fruit turning device comprising two wall forming members hingedly connected along one edge; a plurality of tray attaching elements on the inner side of one member at spaced locations adjacent the hinged edge of the members; and 25 marginal strips on one of the members co-act ing with the other member to space the confront ing surfaces of the members from each other, when the members are closed. 30 STANLEY V. YECNY.