Патент USA US2111286код для вставки
Patented Mar. 15, 1938 2,111,286 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,111,286 LAXATIVE Frederick Hoelzel, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Falk Baxter, Inc., a corporation of Illinois No Drawing. Application August 1, 1936, . Serial No. 93,917 4 Claims. (Cl. 167—56) This invention relates to a laxative, and more particularly to a laxative in which a mineral lubricant is combined with a ?brous base. An object of the invention is to provide a laxative preparation in which a mineral lubri cant is retained by a ?brous body and is not dis placed by contact with Water in the intestinal tract. A further object is to provide a confection or in 10 the like having lubricating properties. The value of mineral oil as a laxative or as an aid in the prevention or relief of constipation has long been known. It is also known that plain or simple mineral oil is not satisfactory because of involuntary leakage and because it fails to mix readily with the digestive residues. The oil tends to remain separated and accumulates To reduce the tendency of leakage, heavy min eral oils and petroleum jelly have been used, 2 O but such products have not proven satisfactory. Mineral oil emulsions have also been developed, but these tend to break down in the digestive tract. It has also been proposed that mineral oil be mixed with bran to» form a laxative compound. However, the bran has a greater a?inity for water than for oil and in the digestive tract absorbs water, which in turn displaces the oil, thus leaving the bran and free mineral oil to pass separately through the tract. The mineral 3 O oils and jellies which have a lubricating effect when taken into the digestive tract will be known throughout the speci?cation and claims as min mineral oil so as to form an intimate mixture. The mixture may be ?avored by the addition of suitable ?avoring, juices, etc, such as desic Various ?avors and. blends together with sweet ening materials may be employed. 20 When mixed with sugar and ?avoring mate rials, a confection-like product is produced in which the high percentage of mineral lubricants will be disguised in appearance and taste while at the same time the mineral lubricants are held 25 closely by the ?ber by reason of the strong af ?nity therefor of the ?ber. The mineral lubri developed a’ preparation consisting essentially of mucilaginous part of psyllium seed and gums, 40 . 4 O a base of inert material having a high affinity 55 As a speci?c example of my process and prod uct, I mix approximately one part, by weight, of ground and puri?ed kapok ?ber with two parts of petroleum jelly and three parts of heavy would mix well with the intestinal residues and thereby lubricate more uniformly, and that would not be likely to remain separate or leak, I have eral lubricants. 50 mineral lubricants over water, and retains sub stantial amounts of lubricant in the preparation. It can also be used advantageously with fruit , 10 juices and sugar. cants in such a preparation; however, will serve their purpose in the digestive tract without inter ference by the added fruit juices and sugar, etc. because such added ingredients are quickly di gested and the basic combination of kapok ?ber and mineral lubricants remains. The laxative value of the mixture may be fur ther increased by the addition of suitable 35 amounts of cellulosic and hemicellulosic sub stances which supply added bulk and which have a great af?nity for water. Such materials are puri?ed cellulose in various forms, agar, the In order to have a product which would serve 35 well primarily as a mineral preparation, that p. on ground, is particularly adapted for this purpose. 5 It is soft, has a de?nite preferential a?inity for cated orange or lemon juice together with sugar. ‘ in small pools, etc. 2 ?ake-like, or solid body form which have a great er af?nity for oil than for mineral lubricants may be employed as a base, I have found that puri?ed kapok ?ller, which may or may not be such as India gum. for a mineral lubricant added thereto and a great er affinity for a mineral lubricant than for water. For a suitable base, I select any material that will serve as a carrier and distributor of the It will be understood that while I have set forth a speci?c example and speci?c types of ?ber and other ingredients, the invention may be employed obviously in other combinations by 45 mineral lubricant in the digestive tract and that will remain substantially intimately bound to the mineral lubricant in passage through the diges tive tract. In general, the inert material should one skilled in the art. have a higher af?nity for the oil or other lubri therefrom, but the appended claims should be 50 The foregoing detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only, and no unnecessary limitations should be understood cant than for water, such as, for example, ground construed as broadly as permissible, in view of silk, wool, hair, feathers, kapok, and various parchmentized cellulose and cellulose derivatives having the above mentioned properties. While other materials in pulverized, ?brous, granular, the prior art. I claim: 1. A laxative comprising a body capable of being taken into the digestive tract and a min 55 2 2,111,286 eral lubricant, said body having a greater ai?nity for said mineral lubricant than it has for water. 2. A laxative comprising a ?brous body capa ble of being taken into the digestive tract and a mineral lubricant absorbed thereby, said ?brous body having a greater a?inity for said lubricant than for water. 3. A laxative comprising a ?brous body capable of being taken into the digestive tract and a mineral lubricant absorbed thereby, said ?brous body being soft and having a greater at?nity for said lubricant than for water. 4. A laxative comprising kapok ?ber and min eral lubricant absorbed thereby. FREDERICK HOELZEL.