Патент USA US2111523код для вставки
March 15, 1938. |_.v v. ARONSON ' 2,111,523 PYROPHORI C LIGHTER ARRANGEMENT Filed Feb. 5, 1956 Ill" (mum! l ml l'" lowly VAronson BY ' W ' ' 9- M 7 Patented Mar. 15, ‘1938 ' 2,111,523 UNITED STATES“. PATENT 'oFFica 2,111,523 , PYROPHORIC LIGHTER, ABRANGEME Louis V. Aronson, Newark, N. J., assignor to Art Metal Works, Inc, a corporation of New Jer' sey Application February 5, 1936, Serial No‘. 82,401 4 Claims. '(01. 67-71) which, by peeping, may be anchored in ?xed horizontal position in the standards 5, 5a. My invention relates to a pyrophoric lighter arrangement comprising a pair of casings pivoted Freely rotatable on the axle member 6 are a together in end-to-end relation. My invention has further reference to an actu ating pawl for a pyrophoric lighter, such pawl pair of side-by-side wheels ‘1 and 8, the wheel ‘I being serrated on its outer peripheral surface 5 being of novel construction and serving as a lock ‘washer for maintaining parts of a snuifer cap and the wheel 8 being a ratchet wheel, these two wheels being secured together for rotatable ~ in assembled relation. movement as a unit. Disposed on the respective - outer sides of the wheels ‘I, 8 are the. pinions 9, _ In amore speci?c sense, my invention relates V10 8a, these being secured, respectively, to the de to a pyrophoric lighter arrangement comprising 1O a pair of casings pivotally connected together ~ pending wall surfaces Illa of a snuifer lever l8 so that said casings may be extended in end-to end relation or, when the lighter arrangement is not to be used, telescoped one within the other 15 so as to form a compact device of small ,dimen sions. pivotally mounted on said axle member 6. Suit ably secured to the outer end of the snuffer lever Hi, as by a screw II, is a snuffer cap i2 coactable, in a sealing manner, with the upper 15 end of a wick tube l8 which is brazed or .other Various other objects, advantages and charac- . wise suitably secured to said top wall 2, this ‘teristics of my invention will become apparent from the following detailed description. , ‘ wick tube supporting the outer end of a wick l4 extending interiorlymf the fuel casing F and My invention resides in the pyrophoric lighter . absorbing fuel from the mass of cotton 3. In 20 a preferred manner, as hereinafter described, arrangement, pivoted casing construction, com the snuifer lever ID has secured thereto a pawl _ ‘binations and features of the character herein i5 which coacts with the aforesaid . ratchet after described and claimed. 20 For an understanding of my invention and for 25 an illustration of one of the many forms there of, reference is to be had to the accompanying wheel ‘I. ' _ g - As shown, an operating member I8 is provided, this operating member comprising racks l1, I‘ia which mesh with the respective pinions 9, 9a and Figure 1 is a perspective view showingv the said operating member comprising a ?nger piece pyrophoric lighter arrangement of my invention . l8 from which a tubular member It depends, Fig. '4.v Carried by and ?xed to the casing wall 30 30 with the casings in closed position; Fig. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the 2 is a second tubular member 28 which telescopi cally receives said tubular member IS, a suitable pyrophorici-lighter with the casings in open po drawing, in which: ' sition; - Fig. v3 is a plan view of the arrangement shown 35 in Fig. 2; r ' Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view, partly in ele vation, of the pyrophoric lighter arrangement of Figs. 2 and 3; . Fig. 5 is an enlarged view illustrating the con .40 struction interlorly of the snuifer lever; and Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing my novel actuating pawl. 4 50 I heiical'spring 2| being provided interiorly of said tubular members for the purpose of/biasing ' the ?nger piece I8 upwardly, Fig. 4. Coactable with the serrated wheel ‘I is a pyro phoric element 22 which projects ‘from the up per end of a tube 23 extending through and an chored in the fuel casing F, said pyrophoric element 22 being biased into engagement with the serrated wheel ‘I by a helical spring 24 .dis posed within said tube 23, the spring 24 being maintained under compression by a ,nut 25 threaded into the‘ endof the tube 23, said nut Referring’ to the drawing, F represents a fuel casing having a bottomwall vI and a top wall 2, this fuel casing containing a mass 3 of cotton - 25 preferably having a head 25a utilizable as ‘ 45 > or other suitable absorbent material for ,fuel hereinafter described. It will be noted that the bottom wall I of the which may be introduced into said fuel casing in suitable manner, as through a ?lling opening fuel casing F and the top surfaces of the ?nger piece l8, snu?'er lever 10 and closure cap 4 are normally closed by a closure cap 4. The top wall 2 of said casing F is adapted to support pyrophoric lighting mechanism of any suitable character. As herein shown, this mech anism comprises a pair of standards 5, 5a up standing from the top casing wall 2,.these stand 55 ards supporting a horizontal axle member 6 related to each other so as to form a structure 50 which is approximately of V-con?guration. That is, said structure has the thickness of the fuel casing F, Fig. 3, and the upper and lower “lines” thereof diverge in a direction from left to right, Figs. 2 and 4. As will hereinafter more fully i ‘ 2,111,628 appear, the shape of the lighter arrangement just described constitutes an important feature of the invention. _ ‘ In accordance with another important char 5 acteristic of the invention, the fuel casing and associated lighter mechanism as just described duced has served its intended purpose, the ?nger piece l8 may be released‘ whereupon the pre viously compressed spring 2| returns the parts to their respective ‘positions as illustrated. At this time the device may be returned to its folded condition as shown in Fig. 1. are adapted to be enclosed by a casing C which, Although, in a. preferredform of the invention as shown, is approximately of V-con?'guration as shown, the head Zia of the member 25 holding substantially in accordance with ‘the con?gura the spring 24 under compression is used as a 10 tion of the fuel casing F and associated parts. manipulating knob, it shall be understood that This casing C comprises front and rear walls other forms of the invention need not be thus 10 26, 26a, the lower surfaces of which are joined limited. As well, if ,desired, this actuating head by a bottom wall 21 from which rises a wall 28 or knob, when utilized, may be otherwise formed.v closing the casing C at one end thereof, said As clearly appears from a consideration of Figs. 15 wall 28 being of suitable ornate con?guration 1-4 inclusive, a device of the character described and carrying, if desired, a ring 28a through which is simple from a mechanical viewpoint, e?icient 15 a‘ suitable suspending cord, not shown, may be in operation, and clean-cut in an ornamental looped or‘passed. The casing C is open at the sense. The folded device as shown in Fig. 1 is top thereof, Figs. 2 and 4, and the con?gura of small dimensions well adapted to be carried 20 tion of this opening is such that the fuelcas about in a garment pocket or, preferably, in a 20 ing F and associated lighter parts may be dis hand bag. When the two casings are ‘in their posed therewithin in the manner hereinafter respective non-folded positions as shown in Figs. described. '2, 3 and 4, the length of the device is su?icient In accordance with the invention, the end of to insure e?icient operation of the lighter mecha 25 the casing C opposite the end wall 28 is open for nism. Further, the unfolding and folding opera-, the reception of the smaller end of the fuel cas tions may readily be performed and they require ' ing F and, in such end-to-end relation, the two but the work of a moment. All of the foregoing casings are pivoted by a member 29 which ex advantages and others will be obvious and ap tends through a sleeve-like passage formed trans parent to those skilled in the part. . 30 versely through but sealed from the interior of Referringto Figs. 5 and 6, the hereinbefore de 30 the fuel casing F, Fig. 4. The two casings C and - scribed pawl ii is illustrated as comprising a ring-section lia which is‘ split as indicated at lib F are shown in normal open relation in Fig. 4. ' When .thus positioned, the end surface 21a of the bottom wall 21 of casing C is ‘in engagement 35 with a shouldered surface la of the bottom/fuel so as to de?ne the pawl section lie and an ad jacent section lid, the end of the pawl section l5c engaging the mtchet wheel 8., The pawl i5 is casing wall I. These two surfaces form stop formed from spring steel and, asshown in Fig. 6, I means‘preventing further movement of the cas the sections lic, lid are angularly related to the ing C in a counter-clockwise direction with re plane of the ring section I in. The latter, as spect to the casing F, or clockwise movement of shown in Fig. 4, is disposed between the top of. 40 said casing F with respect to the casing C, Fig. 4. 1 the snu?'er lever Ill and the adjacent surface of However, as clearly appears from a consideration the wick cap l2, and the screw H is passed 40 of the drawing, the casing C may be held more or through the opening de?ned by the ring-section less stationary in one hand while, with the other lia when said screw is threaded into the wick .hand, the fuel casing F is swung in a‘counter cap l2. Therefore, the pawl ring section- lid and 45 clockwise direction, Fig. 4, so that it enters and the spaced projecting sections iic, lid thereof passes into the casing C to thereby form the - function as a lock washer when the screw II is 45 ‘ compact folded device shown in Fig. 1 wherein the fuel casing bottom wall I is flush with the _ edges of the walls 26, 26a of the casing C. 50 ‘As illustrated in Fig. 4, the head 25a of the nut 25 is adapted to enter a slot 28b formed in the upper section of the end wall 20 of the casing C. Accordingly, when the device is folded as ' shown in Fig. 1, said casing C may be held in the 55 left hand and the head 25a of the nut 25 engaged by one ?nger or the thumb of the other'hand so as to readily swing the fuel casing F to the posi tion illustrated in Figs. 2, 3 and 4 wherein the stopsurfaces la, 21a are in engagement so as to 50 define ‘an approximate straight-line relation of said casings C and F. l ' when thus positioned, the ?nger piece I 8 may be depressed against the resistance offered by the spring 2| whereby ‘the snuffer lever I0 is tightened in its ?nal position, and said projecting ‘ sections serve to prevent undesired loosening of said screw ll. _ It shall be understood that the pawl arrange ment just described is advantageous and of gen 50 eral applicatiom Such pawl arrangement is utilizable with pyrophoric lighters generally and is not to be limited to use with a pyrophoric lighter arrangement of the particular form here 55 in described. Moreover, it is to be understood that the pawl arrangements other than of the character just described may be utilized with the pivoted casing type of lighter herein illustrated and described. 60 While the invention has been described with respect to a certain particular preferred example which gives satisfactory results, it will be under stood by those skilled in the art after understand- ' 65 ?swung in a clockwise direction, Fig. 4. In so do ‘ ing the invention, that various changes and modi .ing, the pawl Ii engages the ratchet wheel I ?cations may be made without departing from 65 and imparts a step or clockwise movement, Fig. 4, the spirit and scope of the invention and it is in to said ratchet wheel and to- the serrated wheel ' tended therefore in the appended claims to cover 1 whereby a shower of sparks are produced, these , 0 sparks being projected toward the now exposed all such changes and modi?cations. What is claimed as new and desired to be se 70 end of the wick II and igniting the charge of cured by Letters Patent is: fuel carried thereby soas to produce a freely 1. In a pyrophoric lighter,v sparking means burning ?ame which may be utilized for the comprising a rotatable wheel, a snuifer lever lighting of cigars, cigarettes, or other ignition having oppositely disposed side walls depending 75 pin-poses as'desired. ' when the flame thus Pro therefrom, a snuffer cap. a screw for securing 2,1 1 1,528 said snuiIer cap to said snu?er lever," and a lock washer between said snu?er cap and said snuifer lever, said lock'washer comprising an integral spring steel member, split to form two sections resiliently diverging, respectively, in opposite di rections from the plane ‘of said washer proper, one of said sections forming a pawl for actuating said sparking means and the other of said sec tions coacting directly with the‘ interior surface 10 of said snufier lever, edges of said sections re 15 20 ' 25 30 3 and mechanism thereon, in respect to the closure. 3. In combination, a pair of casings pivoted together and adapted to be moved into end to end relation, one of said casings comprising a fuel casing, pyrophoric lighting mechanism mounted 5 on said fuel casing, manually depressible means for operating said mechanism, said operating means being mounted on said fuel casing at its end opposite from the pivot, said mechanism, op erating means and fuel casing together being of 10 spectively extending along and closely adjacent a substantially V-shaped-con?guration, having its apex adjacent the pivot, and the other of said said depending side walls whereby said lock wash er and said pawl formed thereon are retained casings comprising a closure of substantially V shaped con?guration, also having its apex ad against turning in respect to said screw. 2. In combination, a fuel casing, pyrophoric jacent the pivot and adapted to be rotated about 15 the pivot to enclose said mechanism, operating lighting mechanism mounted thereon, said mech anism including an abrada'nt wheel, a pyrophoric means and fuel casing. 4. In combination, a pair of casings having ap member, atube for receiving said member, said tube extending from a point adjacent said wheel proximately the same length and being formed through said casing, spring means in said tube for from sheet material, one of said casings being 20 urging said pyrophoric member into contact with a fuel casing, and pyrophoric lighting mecha nism associated with said fuel casing, said light said wheel, and screw means protruding from said tube at its end opposite from said wheel and‘ I ing mechanism comprising awick and a sparking serving to retain said spring in said tube, and a wheel, one end of the othercasing being pivoted second casing pivotally connected to said fuel to one end of said fuel casing so that it may serve 25 as an enclosing housing for said lighting mecha casing, said second casing comprising an enclo nism and for said fuel casing, said casings being ' sure for said fuel casing and for said mecha nism when not in use, said screw means being movable throughout an angle of approximately 180° with respect to each other, said pyrophoric extended so as to protrude from said second cas ing at a point spaced from the pivotal connec lighting mechanism being disposed along one long 30 tion'whereby said screw means serves as a handle side of said fuel casing. facilitatingvpivotal movement of the fuel casing LOUIS V. ARONSON. '