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Патент USA US2111775

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March 22, 1922
G. w. HANSON
APPARATUS FOR MAKING NETS
Filed Nov. 24, 1936
l 2,111,775
Patented Mar. 22, 1938
2,111,775
UNITED `STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,111,775
APPARATUS FOR MAKING NETS
George W.„Hanson, San Francisco, Calif.
Application November 24, 1936, Serial No. 112,518
7 Claims. (Cl. 140--11)
-This invention relates to an apparatus for I Fig. 8b is a side elevation >of the lower cup.
making nets or the like.
- y
v
In general my apparatus includes the steps of
The _general concept of the invention is-to pro
supporting the cords of the net running sub
vide an apparatus ïwhereby intersecting groups of stantially in 'the same direction, at suitably
.5 suitable lines, such as cords, can be quickly spaced points of each cord. The said points of 5
moved‘into desirable spaced positions so as to be support are so >located as to correspond to the
supported at their selected points of intersection, points of intersection where the crossing cords
to facilitate the fastening together of the cords of a net are fastened together. Then other cords
at their points of intersection.
are pulled below the plane of the first cords so
‘10 `
Another object of this invention is to provide
an apparatus wherein a set of cor-ds or the like,
running in ‘one direction, are supported in spaced
elements, and another set of cords are drawn in
intersecting relation to the first set of cords and
l5 placed on said spaced elements for quick fas
tening of a large numberof intersecting points
of the cords of a net, means being provided for
deñnitely spacing the fastened Vcords removed
from said supports so that the subsequent fas
‘20 tenings are’in» a predetermined relation to the
cords are located in rows, and the second set of
referred 'to which is' simple in construction, eñi
cient in operation,` durable in use and capable vof
thus formed, the same is moved into an out of
ting quickl and‘easy handling and fastening of
the intersecting cords of ak net in larger groups.
A further object of the‘invention is to »provide
25 ‘an apparatus for making nets of the type above
manufacture on a commercial scale.
`
In this specification and the annexed drawing,
30 the invention is illustrated in the form consid
ered to be the best, but it is to be understood
V,that the invention is not limited to such form,
because it may be embodied in other forms; and
it is also Ato be understood that in and by the
35 claims following the description, it is desired to
cover the invention in whatsoever form it may be
embodied.
’
points, which distance is equal to the spacings
between the rows of supporting'points when the
joints of the net are equidistant from each other. 35
Thereafter the second set of cords is again pulled
port points and the operation is repeated until
Fig, 1 is a plan View of the apparatus.
v
Fig. 2v is a somewhat diagrammatic plan view
of an end of the apparatus, the arrows indicat
ing the direction of progress of the cords.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the apparatus, the
section being taken on thevline 3-3 of Fig. 2.
45
Fig. 4 is a somewhat diagrammatic side View
of the apparatus.
Fig.` 5 is one of the dies shown in plan view.
Fig.v 5a is` a side elevation of Fig. 5. '
Fig. 5b is an end elevation of Fig. 5.
Fig. 6 is a side view fastened joint of the net.
Fig. 6a is a plan view of Fig. 6.
way position by advancing the ñrst set of cords
from said points of support so that the last roW
of fastened intersections of the completed por- 30
tion of the net is at a definitely determined dis
tance from the flrst adjacent row of support
from its rolls or reels between said rows of sup
vIn the accompanying drawing:
50
desired angle to the first set of cords. It is pref
erable that one end of each of the second set of
cords be fastened so as to be held stationary and
Vthen each cord beso pulled oif from'a usual reel
or the like that each cord is pulled in a double r15
strand. The points of support of the ñrst set of
cords is pulled parallel with said rows of sup
porting points yso that a double strand is posi
tioned between each pair of adjacent rows of
supporting points. Then the pulled or doubled
ends of said strands are cut and each ‘strand of
,each cord is lifted onto the nearest row of said
points of support. Then the intersecting cords
are fastened together at each point of support. 25
After a comparatively large section of the net is
previously >finished fastenings, thereby permit
40
that the second set of cords are disposed at a l0
~
Fig. 7 is a sectional View showing the relative
position of the cords at a point of intersection.
Fig. 8 is a plan view of one of the joiner cups.
5'5
Fig. 8a is a side elevation of the uppercup.
a net of a desired size is completed.
In carrying out my invention I prefer to use 4.0
separable fasteners such as complemental metal
cups of the type shown in Fig. 8. Each fastener
is made of two complemental cups II. Each cup
II is so formed that it has intersecting channels
I2 and I3 of semi-circular cross section, at right 45
angles to each other. The middle portion of
each cup II is bulged outwardly so as to pro
vide a dip I4 in said channels I2 and I3, so that
'the intersecting portions of cords I5 and I6 can
be held in the cup in superimposed relation as '50
shown in Fig. 7. One cup- II faces upward and
after the cords I5 and I6 are in place thereon,
another cup II is pressed over it in invertedl
position. The edges of the> complemental cups
'II are adapted to interlock when pressed to- 55
2
2,111,775
gether so as to form a firm fastening of the in
is kept in extended position by a guide bar 36
tersections. The portions of the cords thus
pressed into the bulges I4 are prevented from
sliding or moving relatively to each other.
My apparatus for applying fasteners to the
to lie parallel with the longitudinal edge of the
frame I1. The bar 36 is provided with slots 31
cords includes a frame I1 of any desirable length
and width. The frame I1 has a plurality of
spaced supports I8 arranged tov correspond to the
spacing of the joints of the net to be made. In
this illustration, the joints of the net are equi
secured to the inclined frame members 34 so as
so that the transverse guides I5 are guided in UI
spaced relation as the completed portion of the
net is removed from the top of the frame I1.
The guide bar 36 is spaced from the adjacent
row of dies I 9 the same distance as the dis
_tance between the dies .I9.
The.. slots 31 are 10
The supports I8 are
smaller than the joint cups I I. so that the move
aligned in longitudinal rows on the frame. On
the top of each support I8 is suitably fixed a die
removed from the top of the frame I1, is inter
distant from each other.
I9.
Each die I9 has a hollow receptacle 2|
formed in its top to firmly fit the convex side '
of a cup I I in such manner- that the channels
I2 and I3 are in registry with the respective
channels I2 and I3 of the cups `Il in the other
receptacles 2l.
,
In the herein description the set of cords I5
which extends across the narrower portion of the
frame I1 will be referred to as transverse cords
I5, and the set of cords I6 which extends the
length of the frame I1 will be referred to as
longitudinal cords I6. Both cords may be made
of any suitable material, such as rope or wire
or the like.
The transverse cords I5 are fed across the
frame I1 in the manner shown in Fig. 3. It is
30 preferable that each cord I5 be unrolled from a
suitable roll of cord. The longitudinal cords I6
are also unrolled from rolls or reels 22 shown in
ment of the completed portion of the net, when
As the last joints of the completed por
tion of the net abuts against the guide bar 31,
the remaining portions of the cords I5 lie in the
proper position on the dies I9, for the proper
spacing of the next portion of the net to be
joined. At this time the longitudinal cords I6
' mittent.
are pulled along the guide rows 21 from one end 20
of the set of cords I5 to the other as heretofore
set forth, and the joining operation is repeated
as heretofore described.
By the use of my apparatus, the individual
knotting and joining of intersecting cords for the 25
net is obviated because in my apparatus any se
lected large number of intersecting cords may be
quickly and easily set in place, and then readily
joined in properly aligned dies so as to form a
regularly and equally spaced net of any length or 30
width.
Having thus described this invention, what I
Fig. 4, but before unrolling, an end of each cord
I6 is tied fast to a stationaryelement relatively
to an end 23 of the frame I1. Each half loop
24 thus formed is placed loosely in the groove
of a pulley 26. Each pulley 26 in turn travels in
a longitudinal guide recess 21 in the frame I1,
below the level of the dies I9. The shaft 28 of
claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In an apparatus for joining Aintersecting
cords by means of complemental joiner cups to .35
form a net or the like; a plurality of dies each be
each pulley 26 moves in a longitudinal slot 29
in the bottom of the recess 21 and is connected
to an endless conveyor line 3I, which latter is
moved around suitable rollers 32. By pulling
the conveyor line 3I the pulley 26 connected
thereto, can be drawn from the end 23 to the
other end 33 of the frame I1. Thus the doubled
portion of each longitudinal cord I6 is pulled
in each group of dies; means to feed a plurality of 40
`cords below the level of the ñrst cords and cross
across and below the transverse cords I5 from
one end to the other end of the set of cords I5.
In operation ñrst a lower cup I I of the fasten~
ers is placed into each receiver 2I of each die I9.
Then the transverse cords I5 are placed into the
aligned channels I2 of the cups Il. Then the
longitudinal cords I6 are pulled in place as here
tofore described and each cord I6 is cut at the
pulley 26 and at the tied and roll ends. Each
branch or strand is then lifted to the adjacent
row of dies I9 and is placed into the aligned
channels I3 of the respective cups , II below the
60 cords I5, so that the respective cords I5 and I6
are in intersecting and contacting position at
their points of intersection. It is to be noted
that one of the strands of one of the longitudinal
cords I6 is left over in each operation and it is
65 used in the next operation. Lastly, an inverted
upper cup II is hammered or pressed down onto
the joint on each lower cup II so as to fasten
each intersection together as shown in Fig. 6.
As a section of the net is thus completed it is
removed from the dies I9 in the direction indi
cated by the arrows along the cords I5.
In order to assure a predetermined spacing of
all the joints of the net, the completed portion
of the net is drawn over the downwardly in
75 clined frame members 34. The completed net
ing adapted to holda joiner cup therein; means
to support said dies in groups in spaced positions,
so aligned that a cord can be laid upon the cups
wise relatively to the ñrst cords so as to permit
the placing of said second cords into >the respec
tive cups belowthe respective i'lrst cords at their
points of intersection; and meansvwhereby an
inverted upper cup can be pressedv into union
with each of saidlower cups in the dies so as to
hold said cords together at their points of inter
section.
'
2. In an apparatus for joining intersecting
cords by means of complemental joiner cups to
form a net or the like; a plurality of dies each
being adapted to hold a joiner cup therein; means
to support said dies in groups in spaced posi
tions, so aligned that a cord can be laid upon
the cups in each group of dies; means to feed a
plurality of cords below the level of the first
cords and crosswise relatively to the first cords
so as to permit the placing of said second cords
into the respective cups below the respective first 60
cords at their points of intersection; means
whereby an inverted upper cup can be pressed
into union with each of said lower cups in the
dies so as to hold said cords together at their
points of intersection; and guiding means for the
ñrst set of cords so coacting with said joined cups
as to intermittently stop and space said first set
of cords in a predetermined relation to said group
of dies.
3. In an apparatus for making nets or the like 70
by applying fastening elements to the intersec
tions of sets of cords; a frame; a plurality of
holders on the frame for said fastening elements,
one set of said cords being fed directly over said
holders and elements; and means below the level
2,111,775
of said members for feeding the other intersect
ing set of cords across from'one end to the other
end of the first set of cords, so as to permit the
lifting of the cords of >said second set onto said
CI
fastening elements in the respective holders.
4. In anapparatus for making nets or the like
by applying fastening elements to the intersec
tions of sets of cords; a frame; a plurality of
holders on the frame for said fastening elements,
10 one set of said cords being fed directly over said
holders and elements; means below the level of
said members for feeding the other, intersecting
set of cords across from one end to the other end
of the ñrst set of cords, so as to permit the lift
ing of the cords of said second set onto said fas~
tening elements in the respective holders; and
spacing'means on said frame coacting with the
fastened intersections on the iirst set of cords to
determine the sp-aced position ofthe first set of
cords on said holders relatively to the points of
the first set of cords to which the fasteners were
previously applied.
5. In an apparatus for making nets or the like
by applying fastener elements to the intersec
V- tions of sets of cords; a frame; transverse rowsof
3 Y
of sets of cords; a frame; transverse rows of
holders for said fastener elements spaced on the
frame; a plurality of longitudinal runways be
tween the holders on the frame; a traveling mem
ber movable longitudinally on each runway, each
»traveling member carrying extended cords longi
tudinally to said frame so that said longitudinal
cords can be placed onto the respective holders
in intersecting relation to the transverse cords;
and means to move said traveling members, each 10
traveling member being adapted to have a longi
tudinal cord placed around it with an end of
each longitudinal cord being held stationary so
that each traveling member feeds two lines at a
time, one line for each set of holders on each side 15
of the runway.
7. In an apparatus for making nets or the like
, by applying fastener elements to the intersections
of sets of cords; a frame; transverse rows of hold'
ers for said fastening elements spaced on the 20
frame; a plurality of longitudinal runways be
tween the holders on the frame; a traveling mem
ber movable longitudinally on each runway, each
traveling member carrying extended cords longi
tudinally to said frame so that said longitudinal
cords can be placed onto the respective holders
the frame; a plurality of longitudinal runways Y in intersecting relation to the transverse cords;
between the holders on the frame; a traveling means to move said traveling members; and a
member movable longitudinally on each runway, guide related to the frame, extending longitudi
each traveling member carrying extended cords nally of the frame, to guide said transverse cords 30
longitudinally to said frame so that said longi
when moved across and ofi the holders, said guide
tudinal cords can be placed onto the respective being adapted to engage fastened points of in
holders in intersecting relation to the'transverse tersection on said transverse cords so as to deter
cords; and means to move said traveling mem
mine the spacing of the last completed fastened
points of intersection from said holders.
35
6. In an apparatus for making nets or the like
by applying fastener elements to the intersections
GEORGE W. HANSON.
holders for said fastening elements spaced on
bers.
v
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