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Патент USA US2111797

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March 22, 1938. '
7
2,111,797
G.'J. MEYER
BOTTLE POSITIONING MEANS
Filed Sept. 28; 1935
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ATTORNEY
March 22, 1938.
. G_ J. MEYER
2,111,797
BOTTLE POSITIONING MEANS
Filed Sept. 28, 1935
$55251
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
March 22, 1938.
G. J. MEYER
2,111,797
BOTTLE POSITIONING MEANS '
Filed Sept. 28, 19 35
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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Patented Mar. 22, 1938
2,111,797
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,111,797
BOTTLE POSITIONING liIEANS
George J. Meyer, Milwaukee, Wis., assignor to
, Geo. J. Meyer Manufacturing Company, Cud
ally, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin
Application September 28, 1935, Serial No. 42,627
10 Claims. (01. 15-60)
‘
The invention relates to bottle cleaning ma
chines and more particularly to means for posi
tioning bottles with respect to cleaning apparatus.
In a usual type of bottle cleaning machine,
5 bottles are carried in a conveyor and while in
verted are subjected to various cleaning opera
tions. It has been customary to employ bottle
positioning means in the form of bottle center'
ing funnels or cups engageable with the necks
H) of the inverted bottles, and to provide brushes
and other elements movable through the funnels
to enter the bottles thus positioned. With con
I
chipped or broken bottles, as well as other foreign
lated bottle conveyor mounted on the frame and '
.
'
An object of the present invention is to provide
bottle positioning means for centering inverted
bottles with respect to brushes and other devices,
while permitting free escape of glass and other
foreign matter from thebottles without lodging
25 or accumulating on such means.
‘
Anotherobject of the invention'is to provide a
bottle positioning and brush guiding device which
will permit free lateral discharge of glass pieces
moved either continuously or intermittently by 15
any suitable means, not shown. The conveyor
comprises side chains l6 connected by rows of
bottle pockets I1 and supported by rollers l8
traveling on track members l9, here shown to be
T-bars, forming part of the frame IS. The con- 20
veyor serves to bring bottles 20 in an inverted
position to cleaning apparatus hereinafter de-_
scribed, and similarly serves to bring the bottles
to other apparatus, not shown.
Vertical bars 2! at opposite sides of the machine 25
form vertical guideways 22 for mechanisms, here
inafter described, which operate to clamp the
bottles from above and below, and to insert rotat
or other foreign matter.
. ing fountain ‘cleaning brushes therein while so
A further object is to provide bottle positioning ‘ clamped.‘
»
means wherein an inverted bottle in a conveyor »
The fountain brush mechanism 23 is of any
is guided in lateral and longitudinal directions suitable type and may be similar in construction
with respect to the conveyor by separate relatively
movable positioning members.
35
head assembly, one of the heads being shown in
section along the line Ill-Ill of Fig. 8, and
structions heretofore devised, pieces of glass from
bottles.
30
Fig. 9 is a detail sectional elevation of the de
vice of Fig. 8 in bottle clamping position, taken
along the line ‘9-9 of Fig. 8;
Fig. 10 is a top plan view of a brush-guiding
Fig. 11 is a bottom view of the cap member of
the device of Fig. 8, parts being shown in section. 10
In these drawings, I5 designates the frame of
a bottle cleaning machine, the machine being of a
well-known general type having an endless articu
Iv matter, have lodged and accumulated in the fun
nels, and have made it necessary to clean the
funnels in order to permit safe operation of the
machine and to avoid damage to succeedin
20
Fig. 8 is a detail sectional elevation of one of
the brush guiding bottle positioning devices;
‘
'
The invention further consists in the several
features hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings,
'
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a portion of a bottl
cleaning machine embodying the features of the
h 40 present invention, parts being broken away and
parts being shown in section;
-
>
30
and operation to that shown in Letters Patent
1,310,128 to George J. Meyer, dated July 15, 1919,
and in Letters Patent 1,429,960 to George J. 35
Meyer, dated September 26, 1922. The brush
mechanism is here shown to comprise two rows of
tubular fountain brush spindles 24 carried on a
gear box 25 which also forms a reciprocatory
cross-head, slidable on ‘the vertical guide bars 2|. 40
The spindles 24 are supplied with water or other
'
Fig. 2 is a sectional view thereoftaken along’ cleaning ?uid under pressure and carry on their
the line 2-2 of, Fig. 1;
upper ends rotary cleaning brushes 26, as seen
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken along 7 in Figs. 3 and 8.
They upper clamping mechanism 21 is also of 45
tion;
_
.
any suitable type and may be similar in con
Fig. 4 is a detail top plan view of some of the struction and operation to that shown in the
. bottle-positioning members and their supporting above patents. This clamping mechanism is here
45 the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, with parts in raised posi
50‘
means, parts being shown in section;
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view taken along the
line 5-5 of ‘Fig. 4;
shown to include gauges 28 which are engageable
Fig. 6 is a- detail sectional view taken along the
by parallel'horizontal guide members 29 which
are placed immediately below the bottle pockets
and extend ‘in the direction ~of bottle traveL.
line 6—6 of Fig. 5;
'
'
.
'
Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view of a modi?ed
55 form of bottle positioning device;
with the upper ends of the inverted bottles.
50
In'their travel, the inverted bottles are guided
Each guide member 29 is preferably formed of 55'
2,111,797
2
sheet metal bent to the shape of an inverted
trough with steeply sloping side walls, the top
or roof of the guide member having sloping walls
of less steepness converging to a ridge. At their
opposite ends the guide members are secured by
bolts 30 or other fastening means to pedestals
or bracket 9| and 82, and the pedestals are se
cured by bolts or other fastening ‘elements 33 to
cross angle‘bars 94 and 35, respectively, mount
ed on the frame of the machine, the angle bars
10 35 being secured by bolts 36 to brackets 31 fas
tened to and projecting downwardly from the
track barsi9. As seen in Fig. 2, the pedestals
8| are pointed to center the bottle necks as
15 they enter between the guide members, the side
walls of the guide members 29 con?ning the
bottle necks in narrow paths of movement. At
the region of the brushing station the spaces
between the guide. members. may be widened
slightly at 38 to provide additional clearance for
operating parts. The outer guide members may
be provided with notches 99 toaiford clearance
for other parts of the mechanism.
The conveyor may be of a simpli?ed type with
25 straight partitions 11' between the bottle pockets,
as these partitions are not required to align the
bottle necks, the aligning function being per
formed by the stationary guide members.
A reciprocatory cross-head 40 extends trans
30 versely of the machine below the inverted bottles
and comprises spaced parallel channel bars 4!
bolted or otherwise attached to end frames 42
which are slidably mounted-on the vertical guide
bars 2i, the cross-head being operated by any
35 suitable linkage 43, parts of which are shown.
The linkage may be similar to that shown in the
above letters patent. Frame members 44, one
below each ?le of bottles, extend between the
channel bars 4! and have end flanges 45 secured
40 to the top ?anges of the channel bars 4| by bolts
46. Each frame member 44 has a pair of up
standing rectangular housing portions 41 which
open upwardly and each of which has a central
vertical bore 48 at its lower end. A brush tube
49
is slidable in each bore 48 and is screw-threaded
45
at its upper end into a funnel-forming cap
member 58 having a skirt 5| of rectangular cross
section telescopically ?tting over the housing
portion 41. The brush tube may be provided
with ?ats at opposite sides adjacent the side
walls of the housing portion 41, as seen in Figs.
18 and II. A bushing 52 is pressed into the up
per end of the brush tube and has a, ?at top
flange 53 which forms a seat for a bottle neck
55 and which is let into a short bore 54 formed in
the cap member 58, as seen in Fig. 8. The bore
in the bushing 52 is here indicated to be slightly
smaller at its upper end than the bore in the
brush tube, and has a tapered portion to avoid
a shoulder between the bores.
The cap member
58 has opposite upwardly projecting prongs or
arms with downwardly converging walls 55 which
are preferably transversely concave to present
a conical funnel-like surface fon' engaging a
bottle neck and centering it into the bore 54, this
bore being slightly larger than the head of the
bottle. The upper portion of the cap member
is open at opposite sides down'to the bushing
?ange 53, as seen in Figs. 8 and 9, so that any
pieces of glass or other foreign matter will not
70 collect in the cap member but will be free to
the guide members, as indicated‘ in Fig. 9. The
cap member 58 is urged upwardly with respect to
the housing portion 41 by a pair of coiled springs
56, Fig. 8, at the front and rear of the brush
tube, surrounding vertical guide tubes 51 which
are slidable in openings 58 formed in the lower
part of the frame member 44. At their upper
ends the guide tubes 51 ?t over cruciform pro
jections 59 formed on the cap member 50, and 10
are outwardly ?anged to form seats for the
springs.
The upward movement of the cap mem
ber with respect to the frame member 44 is lim
ited by a nut 68 on the threaded lower end of
the brush tube 49. The upper edge of the hous 15
ing portion 41 is suitably notched and slotted to
provide clearance for the cap member 50 during
the telescoping movement, the upper portion of
the cap member being preferably internally
ribbed. The brush spindles 24 are movable 20
through the brush tubes 49, and when the
brushes 26 are retracted downwardly they are
housed within these tubes, as seen in Fig. 8. The
housing portion 44 and connected spring-pressed
cap form a bottle engaging head. By placing 25
the coiled springs to the front and rear of the
brush tube, the width of the slidable cap can be
kept relatively small, while at the same time
avoiding binding of the cap and tube.
In addition to the bottle positioning means 30
above described, the cross-head 40 carries other
bottle positioning means as well as bottle-rinsing
means.
Two or more bar brackets 6| are secured
to the cross-head 49 between adjacent frame
members 44, as by bolts 82, the brackets extend 35
ing longitudinally of the machine. Pairs of
channel bars 69 extend transversely of the bar
brackets 61 to register with the transverse rows
of bottle pockets, and each pair of the channel
bars are supported in spaced parallel back-to 40
back relation by interposed connectors 64 which
are secured by bolts 65 to the bar brackets, each
connector being secured to the pair of channel
bars by a pair of bolts 66. The connectors take
various forms as hereinafter described. By way
of illustration, ?ve pairs of channel bars 63 are
provided, three pairs in advance of the brush
spindles 24 and two pairs following the brush
spindles. Each pair of channel bars 69 carries
thereon a number of pairs of opposed upstand 50
ing funnel-forming prongs or arms 61, there being
a pair of prongs for each ?le of bottles. The
prongs are preferably formed integral with the
channel bars and present lowerparailel vertical
faces 68, to receive and con?ne a bottle neck be
tween them, as seen in Fig. 5. The upper por
55
tions of each pair of prongs 61 have converging
concave faces 69 which are preferably trans
versely concave to present a conical funnel-like
surface for engaging a bottle neck and centering
it between the vertical faces 69 of the prongs.
In the modi?ed form of the bottle centering
device shown in Fig. '7, the prongs 61’ are similar
to the prongs 61 but the vertical faces 68 thereof
are provided with shoulders or ledges 10 for lift 65
ing the bottle 28 in the bottle pocket l1 as the
prongs rise.
.
At the right-hand bottle centering device shown
in Fig. 1, the bottle positioned thereby is lifted
ber. The cap member is slightly wider than the
and rotated by a reciprocatory lifter spindle 1| 70'
between rotary brushes 12 and against a bottom
brush 13 for cleaning the outside and bottom of
the bottle, the other bottles in this transverse
diameter of the bottle neck, and is - slightly
row also being lifted by similar spindles. The
narrower than the space between the guide mem
spindles 11 are carried on a reciprocatory cross
discharge from the open sides of the cap mem
75
bers 29, so as to be capable of entrance between
75
2,111,797 -
-head ‘ll slidably mounted on suitable vertical
guides 15 and operated by suitable linkage 18, part»
of which is shown. The bar brackets 6| are pref
erably slotted at ‘H, as seen in Fig. 4. to permit
'
3
tering and clamping caps 58'descend, any pieces
of glass or other foreign matter are discharged
laterally from the open sides of these caps, thus
obviating the necessity for manual cleaning of
adjustment of the bottle centering devices for
the caps and avoiding unnecessary stopping of
the row of bottles'to be lifted by the spindles ‘H.
At the next two sets of bottle centering fun
nels, the bottles are subjected to rinsing jets
from horizontal spray pipes ‘I8 provided with
10 jet openings 19. The spray pipes are supported
tion of the machine. At the other bottle center
ing devices, any pieces of glass or other foreign
' from the connectors 84, some of which have ap
ertured lugs 80, receiving the pipes therethrough
and provided with set screws 8|, and others of
which are formed integrally. with a manifold 82
15 into which the pipes are screwed, the manifold
being supplied with water or other cleaning
?uid through a hose 83.
At the ?nal two sets of bottle centering de
vices, the bottles are subjected to rinsing jets
20 from vertical rinsing tubes 84 which enter the
bottles and which are carried on arms 85 se
cured to the reciprocatory cross-head 25.
In operation, the conveyor moves from right
‘to left, as indicated in Fig. 1, and places the
25 necks of the inverted bottles between the guide
members 29, the side walls of the guide mem
bers con?ning each ?le of bottle necks in a
narrow path of movement irrespective of varia
tions in the lengths of the bottles. In the case
30 of a continuously moving conveyorrthe bottle
clamping and brushing mechanism reciprocates
horizontallyto follow the bottles, as exempli?ed
in the above Letters Patent 1,310,128, the guide
bars 2| and ‘I5 and outside brushes ‘I2 and ‘I3
reciprocating horizontally as a unit; while in
the case of an‘ intermittently moving conveyor,
this mechanism operates on the bottles while the
conveyor is stationary, as exempli?ed in‘ the above
Letters Patent 1,429,960. In each cycle of opera
40 tion, the cross-head 40 is raised to bring the
bottle positioning means thereof between the
guide members 28, and the brushing mechanism
23 and lifter spindles ‘II are also raised to main
tain for a time the same relative positions of
these parts. The various bottle positioning de
vices engage the necks of the bottles to center
them in a fore-and-aft direction, the brush
guiding heads also lifting the centered bottles
thereon into engagement with the~top clamping
gauges 28 which preferably descenda short dis
tance into engagement with the bottles, although
in some cases the gauges may remain at a ?xed
elevation.
The brush-guiding heads clamp the
bottles under spring pressure, the telescoping con
struction of these heads accommodating bottles
of different length. At the ?rst transverse row
of bottlepositioning devices, the spindles ‘H en
ter the centered bottles and lift them between
the rotary brushes ‘l2 and against the brushes
60 13 for outside and bottom cleaning. At the next
two transverse rows of bottles, the centered bot
tles are subjected to inside rinsing sprays from
the spray pipes 18. The lifted and clamped bot
tles in the next two transverse rows are sub
jected to inside brushing operations by the ro
tary brushes 26 which rise from the brush tubes
“and enter the bottles. The bottles in the last
the machine, as well as insuring the safe opera
matter are free to fall out of the bottles without
accumulating on the bottle engaging surfaces.
10
What Icla'im as new and desire to secure by
Letters Patent is:
1. In a bottle cleaning machine having a bot-~
tle conveyor in which bottles are carried in in
verted position in transversely extending rows,
the combination of a pair of spaced parallel bars
extending transversely below the conveyor and
movable toward and away from said conveyor,
said bars being ?xed relative to each other, and
pairs of spaced upstanding prongs carried on 20
said bars, the prongs in each pair being carried
on the respective bars, each pair of prongs having
downwardly converging walls to position a bot
tle neck between said prongs when said bars are
moved upwardly toward the conveyor. 7
2. Bottle positioning means for a bottle clean
ing machine of the type having a conveyor for
an inverted bottle, comprising a support mov
able toward and away from the bottle and hav
ing a housing portion, a cap telescopically ?tting 30
over said housing portion and having a seat en
gageable with the bottle neck, said cap having
opposed downwardly converging surfaces for cen
tering the bottle neck on said seat and being
open at opposite sides to permit free escape of
glass pieces or other foreign matter from said
seat, a tube secured to and projecting down
wardly from said cap and slidable in said hous
ing portion, and a pair of coiled springs within
said housing portion in front of and behind said 40
tube for urging said cap upwardly with respect
to said housing portion.
3. In a bottle cleaning machine, the combina
tion, with a conveyor having means for holding
a bottle in inverted position, of spaced parallel 45
approximately horizontal guide members be
tween which the bottle neck travels with the bot
tle axis transverse to said members, each guide
member being of inverted trough shape and the
adjacent side walls of the spaced guide members
converging downwardly and con?ning the bottle 60
neck between them in a narrow path of travel,
the upper portions of‘ said side walls forming
sloping roofs for the guide members.
4. In a bottle cleaning machine having a con
standing downwardly converging bottle posi V65
tioning prongs.
_
~
two transverse rows are subjected to inside rins
5. In a bottle cleaning machine having a bot
tle conveyor in which bottles are carried in- in
ing jets from the rinsing tubes- 84 which rise
verted position in transversely extending rows,the
into the bottles. After the brushing and rins
ing operations, the lifter spindles ‘H, the brush
spindles 24, the rinser tubes 84, and the various
bottle centering devices descend from the bottles,
and the cycle of operation is repeated after the
bottle conveyor advances. When the bottle cen
55
veyor for holding a bottle in inverted position,
a frame below the conveyor movable toward and
away from the bottle, a bottle-positioning brush
guiding member carried by said frame and hav
ing open sides to permit free escape of glass 80
pieces and other foreign matter, a bar secured to
said frame and extending longitudinally of the
machine, and a pair of spaced bars secured trans
versely to said longitudinal bar and having up
combination of a frame below the conveyor mov
able toward and'away from the bottles, a pair of
70
spaced parallel bars extending transversely be
low the conveyor, a connector interposed be
tween said bars and offset from a plane of bottle
travel, means for securing-said connector to said 75
4
2,111,797
frame, and pairs of spaced upstanding prongs
carried on said bars, the prongs ineach pair be
ing carried on the respective bars, each pair of
- prongs having downwardly converging walls to
an position a bottle neck between the prongs when
said frame is moved upwardly toward the con
veyor.
6. In a bottle cleaning machine having a bot
tle conveyor in which bottles are carried in in
10
verted position in transversely extending rows,the
combination of’a frame below the conveyor mov
able toward and away from the bottles, a pair of
spaced parallel bars extending transversely be
low the conveyor, a connectorinterposed between
15 said bars and offset from a plane of bottle travel,
»
20
25
30
35
8. Bottle positioning means for a bottle clean
ing machine of the type having a conveyor for
an inverted bottle, comprising spaced guides for
positioning the bottle neck in a lateral direction,
and a yieldably mounted bottle-lifting support
movable toward and away from the inverted
bottle and having a pair of spaced opposed pro
jections for positioning the bottle neck between
them when the support is moved upwardly to the
bottle, the space between said projections being 10
open and unobstructed at both sides to permit
free escape of glass pieces and other foreign
matter, said projections when moved upwardly
entering between said spaced guides.
.
9. In a bottle cleaning machine having a bot
tle conveyor in which bottles are carried in in
means for securing said connector to said frame,
pairs of spaced upstanding prongs carried on‘ verted position in transversely extending rows.
said bars, the prongs in each pair being carried \ the combination of a pair of spaced parallel bars
extending transversely below the conveyor and
on the respective bars, each pair of prongs hav
ing downwardly converging walls to position a movable toward and away_from the conveyor,
bottle neck between the prongs when said frame said bars being fixed with respect to each other,
is moved upwardly toward the conveyor, and a and pairs of spaced upstanding projections car
spray pipe carried by said connector for rinsing ried on said bars, the projections in each pair
the interiors of the bottlespositioned by said being carried on the respective bars, each pair
of projections forming a space between them to
prongs.
position a bottle neck therein when said bars are
'7. Bottle positioning means for a bottle clean
ing machine of the type having a conveyor for moved upwardly toward the conveyor.
10. Bottle positioning means for a bottle clean
an inverted bottle which is lifted during the
cleaning operation, comprising spaced guides for ing machine of the type having a conveyor for
positioning the bottle neck in a lateral direction, an inverted bottle, comprising a support movable
and a support movable toward. and away from toward and away from the bottle, a brush tube
the inverted bottle and said guides and having slidable in said support and having a bottle
a pair of spaced opposed projections relatively neck seat at its upper portion, a pair of opposed,
?xed with respect to each other and engageable downwardly converging bottle centering projec
with the bottle neck at the front and rear of tions at the upper end of said tube, the space
the bottle for positioning the bottle neck between between said projections being open at the sides
them when the projections are moved upwardly to permit free escape of glass or other foreign
to the bottle, the space between said pair of op vmatter from said seat, and a pair of coiled
posed projections being open and unobstructed springs to the front and rear of said tube for
at both sides to permit free escape of glass and urging said tube upwardly with respect to said
other foreign matter, and said projections when
moved upwardly entering between said spaced
guides.
support.
GEORGE J. MEYER.
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