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Патент USA US2111944

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March 22, 1938.
W_ R, SiCHNElDER
2,111,944
TOY RAILROAD
Filed Dec. 7, 1936
ATTORN EYS
patented- Mar. 22, 1938
2,111,944
PATENT ?OFFICE
UNITED STATES
2,111,944
.
TOY RAILROAD
William R. Schneider, Buffalo, N.y Y.
Application December 7,
c claims.
(corti-‘ssii ’ i
This invention relates to a to-y railroad and has.
as its object the provision of a trackway having
a new and novel configuration.
,
Among the objects of the present invention, are
the provision of a trackway for a toy railroad.
whose Vcourse is new and novel and' has been
found to be practical and pleasing to observe;
the provision of a trackway which is continuous
and >endless in its extent and is at the same time
10 free from grade crossings, thereby eliminating
' the necessity for switches., frogs, and the like;
and the provision of a trackway which fulfills the
foregoing objects and has suflicient variety in its
tortuous pathway to avoid the usual mo-notony
of devices of this class and at the same time pro
vides a sim-ple and practicalconstruotion.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of my new toy railroad
trackway;
20
l
SeriaLjNo. 114,527
-
Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof;
Fig. 3 is a vertical cross sectional View along
the line 3--3 of Fig. 1; and
Y'
’ Fig. 4 is a vertical cross sectional View along
the line 4_4 of Fig. 1.
'
Atthisiznoint ya portion >I,5__ of trackway I3, I4 ex
tends obliquely across the bar I0. This oblique
track v‘portion merges lat each of its ends into a
curvilinear portion I6, which in theinstance il
lustrated is.' approldmately an .arc struck from
thefcente'r of sealchblock ,I I `and Vextending through
approximately 27.0°, whenzboth of the curvilinear
portionsmerge into oblique >portions I'i which
are ,substantially adjacent each other and ex
tend ¿across <the >`:tlrst Amentioned oblique portion 10
ata‘bout-right îangles thereto.
During the 4course .of the trackway from the
first mentioned «oblique‘portion »to the two latter
mentionedand co-'planar oblique portions the
trackwafy inclines gradually vupwardly so .that the 15
two second Vnamed oblique: portions are spaced
above the ñrst .named 'oblique portion at a dis
tancesufllc‘ient .to permita toy electric train to
poss'falong the -ñrst mentioned .oblique portion
and-¿beneath ‘the two latter mentioned oblique
portions. ' The two «oblique portions I’I again
mergeinto :curvilinear portions »I8, which in the
While various structural designs may be de
vised for supporting my new trackway I have i1
instance illustratedapproximate arcs struck from
the..~b'locks I I and :continue for about 270°, and
merge into a common oblique track portion I9
.which is, in `theplan view, Aapproxirr'iately coin
lustrated, for the purposes of exemplification'a
cident with :thefñrst namedv oblique track por
wooden base comprising a. longitudinalyextend-`
ing member I9 having blocks II secured to the
30 opposite ends thereof. n A series of arms I2 ra
diate horizontally from each block II and carry
at their outer ends vertical supports of vary
ing heights and which will later be described.
The base members Ill, II and I2 are all adapt
35 ed to rest upon a floor or -similarsupporting sur
face. The trackway itself may be of any con
ventional type. I have illustrated a` form of
trackway which consists of a baseer bedmember
I3 which is preferably of wood or other insu
40 lating material and Vcarries thereon rails I4
which are of an electrical conducting material for
the purpose of establishing an electrical circuit
and supplying energy to a toy electric train of
the usual type. In place of the construction
45 shown thetracks may be supported upon a me
tallic Vbase structure with a third rail insulated
from `the remaining structure and supplying the
energizing current. Any desired and conven
ient type of toy trains, electrical or otherwise,
50 may be used and the trackway adapted thereto.
My new trackway is endless and continuous in
extent, that is, it traverses a complete closed cir
cuit, but for the purposes of the present descrip
tion and for describing the path thereof I shall
55 begin at the >central lowermost portion thereof.
tion'` 1.5.
»
.
'
'
Y
The curvilinear portions I8 also ascend grad
-u‘ally so'that lthe oblique «track portion I9 is 30
spaced `above .the two adjacent intermediate
track portions a. distance sufficient to permit a
Ítoy’electric ‘train traversing either of the inter
mediate adjacent track portions I‘I to pass be
neath the upper track portion I9. Vertical sup
ports 220 .extend- between »the ¿base .of the track
plate :13 and -thefbase structures» Iii and I2 at
suitableintervals--for supporting the trackway
and the ïheight of theseveral vertical supports 20
is graduated as required.
Aj `~It -will ¿be noted that the -curvatures of the
lower track portions, »that is, the track portions
extending from the lowest level to the interme
diate level, are of >generally greater radius than
the curvatures ofthe upper track portions, that
is, those extending from the intermediate level
tothe topmost level. This difference in radius is
preferably about the width of the trackway and
is provided so that the toy train, when travel
ing from. the lower -to `the intermediate level,
Will not be interfered with by the upper track
portions or by their supports.
¿I prefer that my trackways be banked at
curves so that there will be no danger of the toy
train leaving the tracks owing to centrifugal 55
2
2,111,944.
force.
Such banking is illustrated at Fig. 3
which is a cross-sectional View taken at one of
the curved portions. For greater structural sta
bility I have shown, in my illustrated embodi
Ul ment, reinforcing members 2| extending along
the opposite sides of the railroad bed I3 in the
vicinity of the central obliquely extending track
portions I5, l1 and I9.
It will be seen that the oblique straightaway
10 portions which are shown in the drawing- and
of the other of the adjacent track portions re
spectively, and curved track portions connecting
the opposite ends of the lower track portion with
the ends of the adjacent track portions lying
opposite their juncture with the first mentioned
tirely and the circular portions may be substan
curved track portions to provide a continuous
and endless trackway.
3. In a toy railroad, a trackway comprising
two adjacent stretches of track, a track portion
passing above and another track portion passing
beneath said adjacent stretches of track, curved
track portions connecting the opposite ends of
tially complete so that they merge directly into
each other, or the straightaway portions may
the adjacent track portions and the opposite
which have been described may be omitted en
the upper track portion with one end of one of
all extend in the same direction, that is, at’right end of the other of the adjacent track portions
angles to the member I0 as viewed yin Fig. .1. respectively, and curved track portions connect
The curvilinear portions have been shown as ing the opposite ends of the lower track portion
arcuate but it will be understood that these por ` with the ends of the adjacent track portions lying
tions of the track may be of any suitable shape opposite their juncture with the first mentioned
curved track portions to provide a continuous
20 or configuration only so that they interconnect
with the straightaway portions or with each other and endless trackway, said second mentioned
curved track portions lying substantially outside
in the manner and at the levels described.
In operation the toy train beginning at the said ñrst mentioned curved track portions.
h4. In a toy railroad, a trackway comprising
lowermost portion I5 >oiy the trackwayvexecutes
a figure 8. Midway in the'execution of this
figure 8 the train will be found at the inter
mediate level of track and upon `completion of
the iigure 8 at the topmost level. ‘The train
continues from this point to execute a second
30
ñgure 8, passing the intermediate level midway
and again arriving at the lowermost level upon
the completion of the second figure 8.:
It has been found in practice that the toy rail
way herein shown and described results in a. train
35 route which is pleasing to the eye and quite in
triguing in that the path of the train does not
readily photograph itself upon the -mind of the
observer. The exact modusoperandi is not so
clear from actual observation as pictorial delinea
40 tion and verbal description may make it appear.
The path of movement of the train is graceful
and to a large extent avoids 'the monotony in
cident to observation of the operation of a toy
railroad train in a single level.. The smoothness
45 and grace of operation is further enhanced by
the complete absence vof switches ¿or frogs and
this latter feature results. further. in more quiet
operation than is usually the case in devices of
this
50
class.
-
»
1»
.
»
"
the upper track portion with one end of one of
the adjacent track portions and the opposite end
of the other of the adjacent track portions re
spectively, and arcuate track portions connect
ing the opposite ends yof the lower track portion
with the ends of the adjacent track portions
lying opposite their juncture with the ñrst men 35
tioned curved track portions.
5. In a toy railroad, a trackway comprising
two adjacent stretches of track, a track portion
passing above and another track portion passing
beneath said adjacent stretches of track, arcuate 40
track portions connecting the opposite ends of
the upper track portion with one end of one of
the adjacent track portions to the opposite end
of the other of the adjacent track portions re
spectively, and arcuate track portions connecting 45
the opposite ends of the lower track portion with
the ends of the adjacent track portions lying op
posite their juncture with the ñrst mentioned
curved track portions, lsaid seco-nd mentioned
arcuate track portion being of substantially
greater radius than said ñrst mentioned arcuate
made without departingfromthe spiritor scope
track portions whereby they lie substantially
of the invention as _defined in the appended
outside said ñrst mentioned arcuate portions for
a major portion of their extent.
claims.
55
`
It will be understood that various modiilcations
in the structure shown and described 4might `be
two adjacent stretches of track, a track portion
passing above and another track portion passing
beneath said adjacent stretches of track, arcuate
track portions connecting the opposite ends of
I claim:
»
»
v
l
1. In a toy railroad, a trackway comprising
two adjacent stretches of track, 'a track portion
passing above and another track portion passing
beneath said adjacent stretches of track, and
60 curved track portions connectingl the- ends of
said adjacent track portions to` the. upper and
lower track portions to provide a continuous rail
road.
2. In a toy railroad, a trackway comprising
65 two adjacent stretches of track, a track portion
passing above and another track- portion passing
beneath said adjacent stretches of track, curved
track portions connecting the opposite ends of
6. In a toy railroad, a trackway comprising ,
four curvilinear track portions, one of said por
tions having one end in a given plane, said por
tion extending curvilinearly until the other end
thereof lies adjacent said ñrst end but in a plane
thereabove, a second portion having one end
lying adjacent said second end of said first por
tion and in substantially the same plane there
withand having one of its ends connected with
the ñrst mentioned end of the ñrst portion, the
upper adjacent ends of both of said portions ex
tending in two oppositely curved portions having
their ends meeting in a plane above the two pre
viously mentioned planes.
the upper track portion with one end of one of
70 the adjacent track portions and the opposite end
WTLLIAM R. SCHNEIDER.
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