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Патент USA US2112074

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_7 March '22, 1938.
A. P. CUNNYNGHAM
‘
' 2,112,074
HAIR CURLIER
Filed Nov. 6, 1955
_
'
‘
,
INVENTOR.
A/lce Phyllis curmyngham
BY
‘ZVM‘ZW
>"K1IVA'ITORNEY.
‘
‘
Patented Mar. 22, 1938
2,112,074 ‘
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
_2.112.0':4
_
1mm comma
‘ 7
Alice Phyllis Cunnyngham, New York, N. Y., as,
signor to Hair Net Packers, Inc., New York,
N. Y., a corporation of New York
-
Application November 1;,- 1935, Serial No. 48,491
15 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in hair
curlers and more particularly to hair curlers that
are not only effective to form attractive curls but
are adapted to yield‘so as to avoid discomfort to
the user, particularly at night while sleeping, and
also to avoid injury to the hair.
(01.132-44)
by an. elastic device surrounding the large ends
of the legs and seated in corresponding semi
circular grooves in the outer surfaces of the less.
This elastic device may be a perforated end of
an elastic member or strap havingone or more 5
other perforations at another part so that the
strap may be carried over a roll of hair on the
curler and secured in position by insertion of the
rounded ends of the legs in one of said other
An important object of the invention is to provide a novel and advantageous hair curler having
the general characteristics above-mentioned.
10 Each curler may comprise two members or legs perforations in accordance with a desired adjust.of yieldable material; rubber for example, adapted ment. Due to the tapered shape of the legs, the
to be brought together to grip hair therebetween farther the perforated portion of the strap is
and then to be used to wind or roll the hair .there- pulled over the free ends of the legs the greater
on, and an elastic member or strap extending over the pressure urging the two legs toward each
15 the roll of hair and embracing said legs at op- _ other. The legs of the curler while adapted to
posite ends of the roll. Preferably the legs are hold their shape'suf?ciently to meet all require
so shaped that the assemblage formed by bring- ments are sufficiently soft and ?exible to con
ing them together is tapered from one end. to the form sufficiently to the portion of the head, which
other to facilitate withdrawal of the curler from may be engaged thereby, to avoid discomfort.
Other objects, features and advantages will
20 the curls formed thereon. ‘Ease of withdrawal
may also be facilitated by making the surfaces of appear upon consideration of the following 6.8said legs very smooth. Such smoothness may scription and of the drawing in which
result in insecure gripping of the hair between
Fig. 1 is a view illustrating a preferred em
said legs but this trouble may be avoided by bodiment of the hair curler of the present insuitable provisions at the engaging sides of said vention with hair rolled thereon and secured in
legs.
The
legs
are
preferably
connected ' or ‘
hinged together at their large ends by a ?exible
connection integral with said legs. As to certain
features of the invention, this application is a
30 continuation of my copending application Ser.
10
15
20
'
,
25
position;
Fig. 2 is a top plan. view of the body of the
curler in extended position as molded;
Fig. 3 is an edge view of the member shown in
Fig. 2;
'
'
30
No. 23,812, ?led May 28, 1935.
Fig. 4 is a view of the complete curler withthe
According to a preferred embodiment of the legs folded together and held together at their
invention, each curler is made of rubber in any large ends by the corresponding perforated end
suitable manner, as by molding, in a single ‘of the hair-holding elastic member or strap;
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the elastic strap;
35
35 straight piece with the large ends of the legs
connected by means of a relatively thin part. or
Fig. 6 is a cross section of the arms of the
strap, constituting a hinge. Each of the legs is
preferably formed with, a generally half-round
section and with a taper extending substantially
curler when in the closediposition of Fig. 4; and
Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 6 but illustrating
a modi?cation.
f
40 to its outer end which is rounded so that, when
the legs are brought together in folded relation
Referring to the drawing, there is illustrated a 40
hair curler comprising an elongated bo’dy ill hav
on use, their outer ends will provide a rounded
ing a’ short central portion or hinge ii andend
end for the curlsas awhole. At their inner sides,
close to the rubber hinge strap,’ the legs may be
formed with spacing projections. To improve
portions or legs i2 and I3 which may be sub
stantially identical, and means, in the form of an
elastic strap I4 having at one end a. perforation 45
the gripping action of the legs the hair-engaging , or opening I5 to receive the hinge ends of the
portions of the legs may be provided with grooves
extending longitudinally of the legs. The curler
is normally kept in folded condition with'the
spacing projections in engagement, the outer portions of the legsbeing bent away from each other
in inserting the hair and the engaging spacing
projections acting to hold the hair away from
the strap hinge. Said legs may be held in folded
legs and at the other end one or‘ more openings
it to receive the outer or disconnected ends of
the legs, for holding the legs together to grasp '
therebetween hair that ‘is to be wound or rolled 50
thereon and for engaging hair i‘! on the curler
legs and holding it in position aswell as sub
jecting it to some pressure.
The curler_may be of any suitable material
position in any suitable manner but preferably
but preferably is made of rubber having suitable 55
2
2,112,074
characteristics and the body portion in the form '
shown in Figs. 2 and 3 is formed as by molding.
The body portion, in its original and open posi
tion, may be and preferably is of substantially
Cl semicircular cross section throughout, and the. '
legs are tapered so as to decrease in cross section
from their inner ends to their outer ends, espe
cially to facilitate removal of the curler from a
roll of hair thereon. The outer ends of the legs
are preferably shaped so as to avoid corners or
any formation which would tend to catch the
hair, and this result may be obtained by round
ing the ends of the legs so that when they are
brought together as shown in Fig. 4 they pre
sent substantially the surface of a hemisphere.
Preferably the surface is made as smooth as pos
sible and particularly good results have been
' obtained by applying a coat of suitable lacquer,
as by dipping. When, however, the surface is
very smooth, it is .more di?lcult to hold the hair
?rmly between the legs I2 and I3. ~This di?l
_ culty may be overcome by suitable provisions at
the inner sides of the legs. As illustrated in
Figs. 2 and 6 this result may be obtained by pro
viding the inner side of the leg I2 with‘ three
longitudinal grooves or valleys I8 separated by
ridges 19, and the inner side of leg I3 with two’
longitudinal grooves or valleys I8, opposite the
ridges I9‘ of leg I2, and a separating ridge I9,
opposite the middle depression of leg I2.
The hinge portion II of the body I0 may be
formed at the base of a deep notch 20 at the
rounded side of the central portion of the body I2
and this central portion is preferably formed at
its inner side with flat projections or spacing
devices 2| at the inner side of the body, whereby
if the legs I2 and I3 are folded together, as in
Fig; 4, the legs are spaced apart adjacent to these
spacing devices or projections to provide for more
40 even spacing of the hair and' prevent it from
being moved in too close to the hinge.
The legs I! and I3 may also be provided with
grooves 22 in their outer sides opposite the outer
ends of the spacing projections 2|. When each
45 leg is half-round as illustrated, each groove is
substantially a half circle and‘the two grooves
form substantially a complete circle around the
inner ends of the folded arms.
While the same
general result may be obtained in various other
ways, these grooves determine the position where
pressure, to hold the legs together, is provided
by suitable means such as the strap Il whose
end may, by virtue of the opening or perforation
I5, be stretched over the hinged ends of the leg
and be seated in said groove.
'
'
With the parts positioned as in Fig. 4, the legs
I 2 and I3 may be separated, as by bending, suf
ficiently to insert therebetween hair to be curled.
The hair is then wound or rolled about said legs
00 and forces them together to maintain a ?rm grip
or grasp on the hair positioned between said legs
I2 and I3. When the winding or rolling is com
pleted, the elastic strap I4, or other suitable ex
tensible resilient device, is stretched across the
65 wound hair I1 and secured in position by placing
one of said perforations or openings I6 over the
outer ends of said legs I! and II thereby urging
them toward each other. The plurality of the
openings I6_ enablesadjustment of the tension of
70
the strap I4.
‘
, In Fig. 7, there is illustrated a modified form
of gripping or grasping means at the inner sides
of legs I21; and I3a-_-leg I2a being provided at
its inner side with a projecting longitudinal rib
23 of wedge-shape in cross section, leg Ha being
provided with a corresponding longitudinal recess
or valley 24 to receive said rib, and said rib and
said recess being provided with grooves I8 and
ridges I9 arranged in the same general manner
as grooves I8 and ridges I9 in Fig. 6.
It should be understood that various changes
may be made in construction and arrangement
and that various features may be used without
others without departing from the true spirit and
scope of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, 1 claim:
10
1. A hair curler ‘comprising two ~yieldable legs
between which hair can ‘be grasped and around
both of which hair thus grasped may be wound,
.spacing means between the legs at one end of the 15
curler acting to hold the legs separated at such
end of the curler, means yieldably pressing said
legs toward each other over said spacing means,
and an extensible member extending from said
end of the curler, and having a part to hold.the 20
legs together at the other end of the curler.
2. A hair curler comprising an elongated mem
ber of resilientrubber having a central ?at hinge
portion about which the member is folded to pro
vide legs between which may be grasped hair 25
which is then wound therearound, said legs hav
ing spacing projections at their inner sides adja-'
cent to the hinge portions to leave a space for
the hair between the legs adjacent the spacing
projections, and an elastic strap having a perfo 80
rated end embracing the legs at their hinge ends
to press said spacing projections against each
other and another perforated portion to embrace
the other ends of the legs and hold them together
as well as hold the elastic strap under tension
against hair wound around said legs.
3. A hair curler comprising two yieldable legs
between which'hair can be gripped and around
both of which hair thus gripped may be wound,
said legs in gripping position providing a core 40
of substantially circular cross section and ta
pered from a larger end‘ provided by larger ends
of said legs down to a smaller end formed by
smaller ends of said legs, spacing means between
the larger ends of said legs acting to hold the 45
legs separated at such ends, means for holding
‘said legs together at their large ends as deter
mined by said spacing means, and said holding
means comprising an elastic strap embracing the
large ends of said legs and having a perforated
portion to go over the smaller ends of said legs
to .urge the same together and also to hold the
elastic strap against hair wound on said legs.
4. A hair curler comprising a single \piece
member of rubber having a central fiat portion 55
constituting a hinge and at opposite ends thereof
leg members adapted to be brought together to
grip hair therebetween and serve as a core on
which hair so gripped is wound, said legs being
of generally half-round cross section and taper
ing from their hinged ends down to their free
ends, said legs having spacing projections at the
inner sides of said legs adjacent to said hinge
tending to space the inner surfaces of said legs
away from each other adjacent to said projec 05
tions, and at their large ends substantially semi
circular grooves arranged to form a circular
groove when the legs are folded together, and
an elastic strap having a perforatedend embrac
ing said legs and seated in said semicircular 70
grooves and another perforated portion adapted
to receive the smaller ends of the legs and hold
them together and hold the strap against a roll
of hair on said legs.
5. A hair curler comprising two legs adapted 76
2,112,074
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3
having a V-shaped longitudinal groove at its
inner side and the other having at its inner race
a corresponding rib to enter said groove, the sides
of said groove and said rib being provided with
means integrally interconnecting said legs to
characterize a hinged connection to permit said
legs to separate or be brought towards one an
6. A hair curler consisting of a strip of resili
ent rubber folded upon itself to provide contact
ing legs, each of_ the legs being formed with an
, external groove and the grooves of the legs regis
tering with each other, and an elastic strap hav
ing a loop stretched over the connecting portions
of the legs and ?tted'edgewise in said grooves
15
r
10. A foldable curler comprising an elongated‘
member de?ning ‘spaced legs and attenuated
alternate ridges and valleys. ,
10
a
to grip hair therebetween and then serve as a core
on which hair may be wound. one of said legs
other. to grip hair interposed therebetween, and
an elastic member comprising a loop for holding
said legs adjacent said connection closed and
.means‘for closing said legs remote from said
connection.
1
10
~
11. A foldable curler comprising an elongated
and having another loop in the opposite end
thereof‘ adapted to be stretched over the ends of
the legs, whereby the hair may be ?rst inserted
member de?ning interconnected swingable legs
adapted to be brought towards each other to grip
hair interposed therebetween, and, an elastic stay
'having means for holding corresponding portions 15
of ‘said. legs substantially at the ends thereof
closed.
between the legs and then wound over both legs '
12. A resilient hair curler wherein an elastic
and then placed under compression by connect \curler comprises foldable means to grip the hair
ing the second loop of the strap with the ends characterized further in that an elastic element 20
of the legs: said ?rst loop rorming an elastic having spaced loop means _is disconnectably
connector for both legs adapted to permit the mounted at the ends thereof.
13. A ioldable member for gripping hair and
same to separate when hair is placed between
20
the
legs.
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'
,
_
.
7. A resilient hair curler comprising a one
M25
piece member having integrally associated and
complementary hair gripping means including a
hinge connection, and an elastic element having
one end mounted on said member to hold said
30/ complementary means closed adjacent said con
nection and including another end disconnect
an elastic stay carried thereby and comprising
means "for holding remote ends thereof substan 25
tially closed.
_
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'
14. A foldable resilient member for gripping
hair, and‘ an elastic member mounted thereon
and adapted to hold complementary portions of
said member in close proximity to sustain the 30
hair wound about said member under pressure.
ably associated with a remote end'oi said mem
’ 15. A hair curler‘ comprising an elongated
ber to hold said remote end closed.
member of sensibly resilient rubber having a sub
~
8. ‘A resilient hair curler comprising a ioldable
35 one piece member having hingedly connected
stantially centrally disposed attenuated portion
and including laterally extending hair clamping 35
legs having inner ends integrally merged with
portions; and anelastic element mounted on said
member to hold corresponding end portions , said attenuated portion, said attenuatedportion
constituting a hinge interconnecting said inner
thereof closed.
- 9. A resilient elongated ioldable member. com- ' ends, means for yieldingly urging said ends to
40
prising hinged legs having rectilinear surfaces
adapted to grip hair interposed therebetween,
, and means to hold said surfaces in close prox
imity and corresponding end portions 01' said legs
closed.
'
gether, said legs having outer ends, and urging 40
means comprisinga sensibly elastic member hav
ing a portion for ‘receiving said outer ends to
prevent separation of the latter.
ALICE PHYLLIS CUNNYNG.
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