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Патент USA US2112088

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March 22, 19386
2,112,088
R. s. GOULD, JR
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT STRING
Filed July 27, 1936
INVENTOR.
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ATTORNEYS
2,112,088
Patented Mar. 22, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,112,088
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT STRING
Raymond S. Gould, Jiz, Battle Creek, Mich” as
signor to V. C. Squier Company, Battle Creek,
Mich.
Application July 27, 1936, Serial No. 92,767
8 Claims. (Cl. 84-199)
Musical instrument strings of the wound type
Upon these strands of ?ber I wind a wire
are commonly made with a gut core or tension
covering 4, this being spirally wound and under
member, and this is subject to substantial change
under varying weather conditions, stretching
5 materially in damp atmospheres and tightening
or contracting in dry atmospheres, which renders
it dif?cult to keep the strings in tune, and this
also results in changing of the tone quality of
the strings.
such tension as to compressibly embrace the
?brous strands, holding the ?brous strands and
10
The main object of my invention is to provide
a musical instrument string of the wound type
which is not materially affected by atmospheric
conditions and the tension element is not sub
ject to material stretching and contracting and
15 at the same time has a very satisfactory tone
quality.
A further object is to produce a musical instru
ment string having these advantages which may
be produced economically.
Objects relating to details of construction will
20 appear from the description to follow.
The in
vention is de?ned in the claims. A structure
embodying the features of my invention is illus
trated in the accompanying drawing‘, in which:
Fig. 1 is a side view, conventionalized, of a
musical instrument string embodying the fea
tures of my invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse section taken
on line 2-2 of Figs. 1 and 3, the diameters of the
elements being greatly exaggerated for con
30
venience in illustration.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view, partly in longi
tudinal section, taken on line 3—3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4: is a fragmentary perspective View.
3
Referring to the drawing, my improved mu—
sical instrument string, designated generally by
the numeral l, comprises a plurality of strands
2 of ?ne wire disposed in parallel relation and
extending from end to end of the string. These
40 strands are not twisted, and while in Fig. 2 I
have illustrated them as being accurately posi
tioned relative to each other, it will be under
stood that in practice it is not necessary to have
the wires grouped in this exact manner but they
45 are merely grouped side by side and in as compact
bundles as may be conveniently done.
These
wires constitute the tension element of the string
and around them I arrange strands of ?brous
material 3, preferably of silk, or other ?ne ?ber
50 may be used.
These strands are not twisted to
gether but are arranged longitudinally of the
string and of the tension element, the arrange
ment being such as to provide a ?brous covering
of approximately uniform thickness around the
55 wire strands.
the longitudinal strands 2 in their assembled re
lation. To provide a knot or enlargement 5 for
engagement with the tail piece, a double wind
ing of the covering Wire is provided, and I pref
erably provide the string with a reduced portion
6 for engagement with the tuning pegs.
10
This musical instrument string has highly de
sirable tone quality and may be manufactured
with great uniformity. It is not subject to ma
terial expansion and contraction, which obviates
many of the difficulties experienced with wound
strings having gut cores. Owing to the fact that
the strands are parallel there is no material ex
tension when placed under tuning stress. The
string may be economically produced and it is
very durable.
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
l. A musical instrument string comprising a
plurality of longitudinally parallel strands of
straight, uncoiled, ?ne wire, longitudinally dis
posed strands of silk arranged about said strands
of wire to provide a substantial casing therefor,
and a wire covering spirally wound upon said
strands of silk and compressively embracing the
same.
2. A musical instrument string consisting of a
plurality of strands of straight, uncoiled, ?ne
wire disposed in longitudinally parallel relation,
longitudinal strands of ?brous material disposed
about said strands of wire in parallel relation
thereto and constituting a ?brous covering there
for, and a winding strand of wire helically wound
upon said ?brous strands and compressively em
bracing the same, said strands of wire constitut
ing the tension member of the string.
3. A musical instrument string comprising a
plurality of parallel strands of straight, uncoiled,
wire providing a tension member for the string,
longitudinally disposed strands of ?brous ma
terial arranged about said strands of wire, and
a wire covering spirally wound upon said strands
of ?ber.
4i. A musical instrument string consisting of
a plurality of strands of straight, uncoiled, wire
disposed in parallel relation, strands of ?brous
material disposed about said strands of wire and
constituting a ?brous covering therefor, and a
Winding strand of wire helically wound upon said
?brous strands and compressively embracing the
2
2,112,088
same, said strands of wire constituting the ten
sion member of the string.
5. A musical instrument string comprising a
plurality of strands of straight, uncoiled, ?ne
the string, strands of ?brous material parallel
wire disposed in parallel relation providing a
to the tension member and constituting a cover
tension member for the string, and a spirally
wound wire covering.
therefor, and a further covering member en
closing said strands.
8. In a musical instrument string, a plurality
of strands of ?ne Wire disposed in longitudinally
parallel relation providing a tension member for
the string, a ?brous cover for said member, and
a further covering member enclosing said cover.
6. In a musical instrument string, a plurality
of strands of ?ne wire disposed in longitudinally
parallel relation providing a tension member for
the string, strands of silk parallel to the tension
member and constituting a ?brous cover there
for, and a. further covering member enclosing
said strands.
7. In a musical instrument string, a plurality
of strands of ?ne wire disposed in longitudinally
parallel relation providing a tension member for
RAYMOND S. GOULD, JR.
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