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Патент USA US2112094

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March 22, 1938.,
w. E. HASKIN
`
2,112,094
BOOK RACK
5 sheets-sheet 1
Filed Oct. 15, 1935
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WITNESSES
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¿Á INVENTOR
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March 22, 1938.
W El HASKW
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2,112,094
BOOK RACK
Filed Oct. l5, 1935
74.
,
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
3.
ATTORNEYS
March ¿22, 1938.
w. E. HASKINv
2,112,094
BooK RACK
Filed Oct. l5, 1935
5 Shee+S~Sheet 4
ATTORNEY
March 22, 1938.
w. E. HAsKlN _
\ 2,112,094
BOOK RACK
FiledÀOGt. 15, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
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f ATTORNEYS ì
Patented Mar. 22, 1938
UNITE
STATES PATENT
2,112,094
' BOOK RACK
Walter E. Haskin, Flushing, N. Y., assignor to
Pressed & Welded Steel Products Company,
Inc., New York, N. Y., a, corporation of New
York
Application October 15, 1935, Serial No. 45,125
13` Claims. (Cl. B12-34)
rI'his invention relates `to a book rack, and it is
to be understood that in employing the title
“book rack” it is used in its broadest sense to in
clude a book cabinet, book casing or other suit
\ able mount for a plurality of pivotally supported
books which are adapted to be moved from closed
position to open position and vice versa with a
minimum of shocking or banging.
An object of the invention is to provide an im
10 proved mounting for a series of books which
normally supports the'books in closed position,
but enables any or all of the books to be swung
from a closed to open position for ready use and
particularly enables any or all of the books to
15 be readily removed entirely from the book rack
or toA be locked in the rack by improved means
against tampering or removal when so desired.
My invention is particularly adapted for use in
connection with entry books such, for example,
'20 as loose-leaf books or binders and, more specifi
cally, of the arcuate prong type in which the
prongs` may be readily separated laterally and
longitudinally without breaking the back of the
binder at the longitudinal center line thereof or
25 otherwise so that the back of same always lays
flat throughout the operation of so manipulating
the prongs.'
structurally the invention embodies an im,
proved cabinet or casing for the books, improved
30 means for removably mounting the books di
rectly in the casing and dispensing with an inter
mediate book holding or coupling device, suit
able means for cushioning the fall of the books in
the operation of closing, improved Ameans for
35 cushioning the fall of the side covers of the books
in the operation of opening, and improved means
for locking the books against rotation in or re
moval from the casing, all of which will be more
full hereinafter described and pointed out inthe
210 claims.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my improved
book rack, the view being taken looking at one
front corner of the rack showing one of the
45 books in open position and the other books in
closed position;
.
Y
Fig. 2 is a perspective View of the rack looking
at the rear, with the parts as shown, in Fig. l;
Fig. 3 is a View in front elevation, with apor
50 tion broken away and in section;
Fig. 4 is a view in vertical section through the
rack, longitudinally of a book, showing the books
in locked position;
-
»
V
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4,.sho1wing the
55 books in. unlocked position and one ofthe books
in position for opening and also for removal;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary elevational plan view,
illustrating the position of the trunnions in their
cradles;
Fig. 7 is a View in longitudinal section of the
detail- illustrated in Fig. 6, but showing one of the
books with its trunnion in position for removal
from the cradle ;
Fig. 8 is a view in vertical section on the line
8-8 of Fig. 7; .
-10
Fig. 9 is a plan or face View of the back of a
book;
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary view in elevation at
right angles to Fig. 9;`
Fig. 11 is a plan or elevational View, showing 15
the central portion or back of a book inverted
and in open position;
n
Fig. l2 is a fragmentary view in vertical sec
tion transversely of the rack and books, showing
one of the books in open position and the other
books in closed position; and
20
Fig. 13 is a fragmentary View in cross section
illustrating one means of attaching bumpers.
My improved book rack embodies a cabinet
having a floor stand, a book casing mounted on 25
the floor stand, a series of books provided with a
novel . arrangement of trunnions and mounts
therefor for the suspension and rotation of the
books, a novel arrangement oi' cushioning means,
and a novel arrangementvo-f looking means.
'I'hese several features of the rack will be here
inafter described in the order stated.
30
'
Cabinet
In referring to the structure of the cabinet, it 35
is to be distinctly understood that the invention
is not limited to any form or shape of this cabinet
as it may be varied to suit the requirements of
the trade, but a specific form is illustrated which
is Well Vadapted for the' purpose. The cabinet 40
may be made of sheet metal or any other suit
ablematerial.
,
,
In the specific construction illustrated, the
cabinet embodies a floor stand A having ends l
connected across the bottom by a longitudinal 45
stringer 2 which forms a foot rest, and are con
nected at their upper portions by the book cas
ing B.
The cabinet is preferably supported on rollers
or casters 3 to facilitate its movement from place 50
to place. The ends i-l and the Stringer 2 in
the construction herein illustrated are pref
erably of square tubing and Vconstitute a skeleton
frame with the upper extremities of the ends
I>-I shaped to form shelves or compartments ¿l 55
2,112,094
2
for the reception of pens, pencils, erasers and the
like, and on the outer edges of these shelves or
compartments 4 cushions 5 are provided to re
ceive and cushion the side covers of open books.
Boole casing
The book casing illustrate-d generally by the
reference character B is composed preferably of
sheet metal and comprises an inclined front wall
6, a relatively short rear wall 1, a bottom wall 9,
end walls 8, and a series of vertical partition walls
8’ spaced apart and parallel with the end walls
3 dividing the casing into individual book com
partments. The book casing has a general taper
or incline from front to rear providing leg room
or space for an operator in a sitting posture using
the cabinet.
The front wall 6 and the rear wall 'I at their
upper edges have inwardly projecting ñanges 6'
and 'I' respectively, suitably notched to receive
the partitions 8’ to properly space the partitions
and strengthen the construction.
The front wall 6 of the book casing is provided
at its upper portion with a ledge or shelf I0 hav
25 ing a means I I thereon for the reception of index
cards or strips, and in the specific form illustrat
ed this means I I constitutes a channel-shaped
strip. Also this iront wall 8 at its extremity is
provided with an upstanding flange I2 having a
30 cushion I3 thereon to receive and support the
back of the books when in open position.
Books and their trunnion mOi/.nts
The books indicated generally by the reference
character C are of identical length and construc
tion. Each book comprises a rigid back I4 with
the side edges having hinge barrels I5 to which are
attached the side covers IS. The back I4 is
preferably made of sheet metal and the side cov
40 ers I6 of canvas, bakelite, or hard fiber, although
in both instances other material may be em
ployed. Where an arcuate prong type loose-leaf
binder constitutes the book as illustrated in the
drawings, the prong manipulating mechanism is
mounted in the back I4.
At the sides of the back I4 and at a point sub
stantially midway between the ends thereof lon
gitudinally, are positioned two generally semi
circular depressions I'I, one on each side respec
50 tively, and at the central points thereof are fixed
ly mounted trunnions I8 which are countersunk
in the depressions and do not extend beyond the
sides of the back I4, so that when a book is re
moved and placed upon a desk or table these trun
nions will not in any way cause an unevenness in
the position of the book. The depressions I1 and
trunnions i8 are positioned slightly nearer one
end of the book back I4 than the other so that
the preponderance of weight of the book is at one
end, preferably the upper or rear end in close-d
position, to insure a complete opening and closing
movement due to gravity as the books reach the
extremes of their movements.
Mounted on each of the intermediate parti
tions Si’ and end walls 8 near the top edge, and at
a point approximately midway between the front
and rear edges thereof, are a series of trunnion
cradles I9, each cradle comprising a base plate 20
and an extruded cylindrical boss 2I, each boss
provided with a suitable slot or notch 22 adapted
to receive and permit the discharge of the trun
nions IB positioned at the sides of the book. The
trunnion cradles i9 are preferably made of ex
truded sheet metal, although other materials may
75 be employed, and are preferably made in pairs
and in saddle form as illustrated and seated on
the top edge of the partitions 8’ and securely at
tached thereto by rivets 23.
It will be noted that the semi-circular depres
sions I‘I are slightly larger in diameter than the
extruded cylindrical bosses 2l of the trunnion
cradles, so that the trunnions will readily enter
the cradles when the book is in the full open posi
tion. When the book has been partially or fully
rotated about the trunnion pivot for closing, it 10
will be seen that the interlocking action of the
depressions I'I and bosses 2l will prevent the
removal of the book from the cabinet until it has
again been returned to the full open position. As
illustrated particularly in Figures 6, '7 and 12, the 15
trunnions I8 are of general T-shape in longitu
dinal section, that is to say, they have enlarged
outer ends so that when entered in the slots of
their respective cradles, the enlarged ends will
prevent lateral disengagement therefrom.
20
The openings or notches 22 are at the top or
upper portions of the cradles and these cradles,
when the trunnions i8 are therein, are positioned
within the depressions I'I of the books so that
when the books are in their closed position within 25
the cabinet, as shown in Fig. 4, the wall of this
depression lies under the cradle so that the book
can not be removed from the cabinet when in
this closed position. This is indicated in detail
at the right of Fig. 7 and also in Fig. 8. When 30
the book is swung or pivoted to an open position
as illustrated at the left of Fig. 7, the cradle aligns
with the opening or entrance in the wall of the
depression, and the trunnion I8 can then ride up
wardly through the slot or opening 22 of the 35
cradle I9. Hence when a book is in this open po
sition it can be lifted out of the cabinet, as illus
trated in Fig. 5, and of course can also be re
turned to the cabinet, and when the book is piv
oted to any point beyond its extreme open posi 40
tion it will be securely held in the casing.
It is of course to be understood that the inven
tion is not limited to the particular angular posi
tion of the book for release from its trunnion and
cradle coupling means, as this may be varied to 45
suit the trade.
Cushioning means
In addition to the cushioning device I3 on the
front Wall 6 and in addition to the cushioning 50
devices 5 on the end compartments 4, I provide
cushions 24 on the upper edges of all the parti
tions 8’ and end walls 8 which are disposed in a
plane slightly above that of the back of the books
when in closed position, so that these cushions 55
24 support the side covers of an open book as
indicated clearly in Fig. 12 of the drawings. They
therefore reduce the shock of opening the books,
prevent noise, and lengthen the life of the books.
These cushions 24 are preferably of suitably 60
shaped strips of rubber and constitute bumpers
as do the other cushioning strips, and a prefer
able means of mounting them is illustrated, in
which retaining strips 25 of substantially in
verted U-shape formation in cross section are uti 65
lized. These retaining strips are secured over
the upper edges of the partitions 8’ and receive
and support the cushions 24 thereon which may
be secured thereto in any approved manner.
In addition to the cushions and bumpers above 70
described, I provide a cushion or bumper 26 on
the inner face of the front wfall 6 of the book
casing for cushioning the fall of the books dur
ing the operation of closing. This cushion or
bumper 26 is secured in a retaining strip 27 iixed 75
2,112,094
to the front wall 6, and Ythis strip 2l has retain
ing flanges 28 engaging the edges of the bumper,
which is preferably of spongev rubber, holding
the bumper compressed at its edges, and in arched
or curved formation so that it presents a strong
resilient cushion to receive Contact of the books.
It is of course to be understood that this cushion
26 may extend entirely through the casing or it
may be made in any desired lengths or sections.
10
Locking means
As seen clearly in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 of the draw
ings, I provide a locking bar 29 having a rocking
action and mounted in the lower front portion
3
a plurality of book compartments, trunnion
cradles mounted on the side walls of said com
partments and projecting into depressions in the
sides of books mounted thereon in interlocked en
gagement whereby the said books are normally 5
suspended in closed position inside the said com
partments and are prevented from removal from
the said compartments except by rotation on the
said trunnions to an open position outside the
said compartments, a key controlled locking bar 10
extending transversely through the said com
partments and having a rocker movement where
by when in locked position none of the books may
rotated and when in unlocked position the
of the book casing B and extending throughout be
books are free to rotate.
15
its length. This bar 29 at one end is arranged
e. A book rack, including a pair of spaced
to pivot in a socket 30 attached to an end wall supports, aligned trunnion cradles on the sup
8 of the book compartment B, and at its other ports having openings in their upper portions, a
end is connected‘to the spindle 3l of a lock con
20 trolled handle’ 32 which is attached to the outer book, and countersunk trunnions on the sides of
the book adjacent its back for movement through 20
surface of an end wall 8 of the book compart
the openings in the cradles and for pivotal move
ment. The handle is arranged to rotate through ment in the cradles.
an arc of 90° and the lower front corners of the
5. A book rack, including a pair of spaced sup
intermediate dividing partitions 8’ are cut away ports, aligned trunnion cradles on the supports
25 as seen in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 of the drawings to
having openings in their upper portions, a book,
permit free‘movement of the locking bar and the countersunk trunnions on the sides of the
to provide for a stop for the same to limit its book adjacentV its back for movement through
turning movement.
the openings in the cradles and for pivotal move
Fig. 4 shows the locking bar in locked position, ment in the cradles, said book having its coun
30 that is, it is turned to substantially a vertical
tersunk portions extending to the back of the book
position engaging the edges of the books C so that and its wall adapted to be positioned under the 30
when the locking bar is in this position the books cradle.
can not be turned or moved on their pivots, but
6. A book rack, including a pair of spaced sup
when the locking bar is swung to a substantially ports, aligned trunnion cradles on the supports
horizontal position as shown in Fig. 5, it is out of having openings in their upper portions, a book,
the way of the books and they areffree to swing countersunk trunnions on the sides of the book 35
or pivot. Thus it will be seen Vthat when the adjacent its back for movement through the
books can not be pivoted or swung to an open openings in the cradles and for pivotal movement
position for uncoupling engagement of the trun
in the cradles, means cushioning the movement
40 nions with the cradles, they can not be removed
of the book, and means locking the books in 40
from the cabinet so that the locking device 29 closed position.
functions in combination with the trunnion
'7. A book rack, including a support, a book
mounts to insure a secure locking of the books casing mounted in the support, a plurality of
in the cabinet whenever desired.
parallel partitions in the casing dividing the same
While I have illustrated and described what I into a plurality of book compartments, trunnion
45
believe to be a preferred embodiment of my in
mounts on the partitions and the end walls of
vention, it is to be distinctly understood that the casing, a book for each compartment, coun
various slight changes may be made with regard tersunk trunnions intermediate the ends of the
to the form and arrangement of parts without books at the sides thereof for coupling engage
departing from my invention, and hence I do not ment with the trunnion mounts, cushioning de
limit myself to the precise details set forth but vices on the upper edges of the partitions be 50
`consider myself at liberty to make such changes tween the books, a cushioning device at the upper
and alterations as fairly fall Within the spirit and edge of the front wall of the casing, and a
scope of the claims.
cushioning device against the inner face of the
I claim:
A
Y
front wall of the casing adjacent the lower por 55
1. A book rack, including a plurality of com
tion thereof.
partments adapted to contain single books, a
8. A device of the character described, includ
plurality of books provided with trunnion means ing a casing, a book partially concealed in the
intermediate the ends thereof adapted for en
casing and normally having a portion of its back
gagement in supports in the compartments or for exposed, the said book having recessed trunnion
60
removal from the compartments, the said trun
means at the sides of its back intermediate the
nion means being countersunk in the sides of ends thereof, and trunnion cradles mounted in
the book whereby when the book is laid flat on a said casing adapted to receive and provide piv
table the said trunnion means will not mar the otal support for said trunnion means and permit
finish or cause the book to rock.
ting said book to swing around said pivot out 65
2. A book rack, including a casing, a book com
side of- said casing, whereby the book may be
partment for a single book, trunnion supports
mounted on the side walls of said compartment
and projecting into depressions in the sides of
the book mounted thereon in interlocked engage
ment, locking means preventing the rotation of
the book on its trunnion pivot whereby the book
is locked against rotation for use or removal from
the compartment.
3. A book rack, including a casing comprising
opened and supported by its pivot and adjacent
parts of said casing in position for use.
9. A device of the character described, in
cluding a casing, a book partially concealed in 70
the casing and normally having a portion of its
back exposed, the said book having recessed trun
nion means at the sides of its back intermediate
the ends thereof, and trunnion supports mount
ed in such casing adap-ted to engage the said trun
75
2,112,094
4
nion means for pivotal mounting to support and
permit said book to swing around said pivot out
side of said casing whereby the book may be re
moved frorn the casing.
10. A book rack, including a compartment
adapted to contain a book, projecting trunnion
cradles mounted on the side walls of said com
partrnent adapted to support a book which is sus
pended therefrom when the book is in closed posi
10 tion in the compartment, and a book having re
cessed trunnion means at the sides of its back
intermediate the ends thereof, the said cradles
being adapted to project into the said recessed
trunnion means and interlock therewith where
15 by the book cannot be lifted from the compart
ment when in said closed position.
11. A book rack including a plurality of com
partments adapted to contain books, projecting
trunnion supporting means mounted on the side
20 walls of said compartments near the top, a plu
rality of books having trunnions positioned in
open-end semi-circular depressions at the sides
of the back intermediate the ends thereof, the
said open end of the depressions being adapted
25 to permit the trunnions to be lifted from or
placed upon the said supports for pivotal move
ment of the book, the said trunnion supports be
ing adapted to project into and intermesh with
the said depressions whereby the said books may
be lifted from the compartments only when the
books have been rotated to a position outside the
compartment.
12. A book rack, including a book compart
ment, projecting trunnion cradles mounted on
the side walls of said compartment, a book having
recessed trunnion means at the sides of its back
intermediate the ends thereof, the said recesses 10
being adapted to interlock with the said cradles
whereby the said book maybe suspended from
said interlocking trunnion means in said com
partment and may be pivoted on said trunnion
means and moved outside of said compartment
and may then be entirely removed from said
compartment.
13. A book rack including parallel spaced
walls, a book normally located between said walls,
said book having in its sides at its back semi 20
circular recesses, trunnions ñxed to the back and
located centrally in said recesses, and cylindri
cal trunnion cradles ñxed to said walls adapted
to receive the trunnions therein with said cradles
25
located in the recesses.
WALTER E. HASKIN.
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