Патент USA US2112094код для вставки
March 22, 1938., w. E. HASKIN ` 2,112,094 BOOK RACK 5 sheets-sheet 1 Filed Oct. 15, 1935 | WITNESSES ZWQ-/áa l ¿Á INVENTOR lI y WB n M, um E.ß.. m .„w M ,n March 22, 1938. W El HASKW ` 2,112,094 BOOK RACK Filed Oct. l5, 1935 74. , 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 3. ATTORNEYS March ¿22, 1938. w. E. HASKINv 2,112,094 BooK RACK Filed Oct. l5, 1935 5 Shee+S~Sheet 4 ATTORNEY March 22, 1938. w. E. HAsKlN _ \ 2,112,094 BOOK RACK FiledÀOGt. 15, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 D D D.. D _J f ATTORNEYS ì Patented Mar. 22, 1938 UNITE STATES PATENT 2,112,094 ' BOOK RACK Walter E. Haskin, Flushing, N. Y., assignor to Pressed & Welded Steel Products Company, Inc., New York, N. Y., a, corporation of New York Application October 15, 1935, Serial No. 45,125 13` Claims. (Cl. B12-34) rI'his invention relates `to a book rack, and it is to be understood that in employing the title “book rack” it is used in its broadest sense to in clude a book cabinet, book casing or other suit \ able mount for a plurality of pivotally supported books which are adapted to be moved from closed position to open position and vice versa with a minimum of shocking or banging. An object of the invention is to provide an im 10 proved mounting for a series of books which normally supports the'books in closed position, but enables any or all of the books to be swung from a closed to open position for ready use and particularly enables any or all of the books to 15 be readily removed entirely from the book rack or toA be locked in the rack by improved means against tampering or removal when so desired. My invention is particularly adapted for use in connection with entry books such, for example, '20 as loose-leaf books or binders and, more specifi cally, of the arcuate prong type in which the prongs` may be readily separated laterally and longitudinally without breaking the back of the binder at the longitudinal center line thereof or 25 otherwise so that the back of same always lays flat throughout the operation of so manipulating the prongs.' structurally the invention embodies an im, proved cabinet or casing for the books, improved 30 means for removably mounting the books di rectly in the casing and dispensing with an inter mediate book holding or coupling device, suit able means for cushioning the fall of the books in the operation of closing, improved Ameans for 35 cushioning the fall of the side covers of the books in the operation of opening, and improved means for locking the books against rotation in or re moval from the casing, all of which will be more full hereinafter described and pointed out inthe 210 claims. In the accompanying drawings: Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my improved book rack, the view being taken looking at one front corner of the rack showing one of the 45 books in open position and the other books in closed position; . Y Fig. 2 is a perspective View of the rack looking at the rear, with the parts as shown, in Fig. l; Fig. 3 is a View in front elevation, with apor 50 tion broken away and in section; Fig. 4 is a view in vertical section through the rack, longitudinally of a book, showing the books in locked position; - » V Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4,.sho1wing the 55 books in. unlocked position and one ofthe books in position for opening and also for removal; Fig. 6 is a fragmentary elevational plan view, illustrating the position of the trunnions in their cradles; Fig. 7 is a View in longitudinal section of the detail- illustrated in Fig. 6, but showing one of the books with its trunnion in position for removal from the cradle ; Fig. 8 is a view in vertical section on the line 8-8 of Fig. 7; . -10 Fig. 9 is a plan or face View of the back of a book; Fig. 10 is a fragmentary view in elevation at right angles to Fig. 9;` Fig. 11 is a plan or elevational View, showing 15 the central portion or back of a book inverted and in open position; n Fig. l2 is a fragmentary view in vertical sec tion transversely of the rack and books, showing one of the books in open position and the other books in closed position; and 20 Fig. 13 is a fragmentary View in cross section illustrating one means of attaching bumpers. My improved book rack embodies a cabinet having a floor stand, a book casing mounted on 25 the floor stand, a series of books provided with a novel . arrangement of trunnions and mounts therefor for the suspension and rotation of the books, a novel arrangement oi' cushioning means, and a novel arrangementvo-f looking means. 'I'hese several features of the rack will be here inafter described in the order stated. 30 ' Cabinet In referring to the structure of the cabinet, it 35 is to be distinctly understood that the invention is not limited to any form or shape of this cabinet as it may be varied to suit the requirements of the trade, but a specific form is illustrated which is Well Vadapted for the' purpose. The cabinet 40 may be made of sheet metal or any other suit ablematerial. , , In the specific construction illustrated, the cabinet embodies a floor stand A having ends l connected across the bottom by a longitudinal 45 stringer 2 which forms a foot rest, and are con nected at their upper portions by the book cas ing B. The cabinet is preferably supported on rollers or casters 3 to facilitate its movement from place 50 to place. The ends i-l and the Stringer 2 in the construction herein illustrated are pref erably of square tubing and Vconstitute a skeleton frame with the upper extremities of the ends I>-I shaped to form shelves or compartments ¿l 55 2,112,094 2 for the reception of pens, pencils, erasers and the like, and on the outer edges of these shelves or compartments 4 cushions 5 are provided to re ceive and cushion the side covers of open books. Boole casing The book casing illustrate-d generally by the reference character B is composed preferably of sheet metal and comprises an inclined front wall 6, a relatively short rear wall 1, a bottom wall 9, end walls 8, and a series of vertical partition walls 8’ spaced apart and parallel with the end walls 3 dividing the casing into individual book com partments. The book casing has a general taper or incline from front to rear providing leg room or space for an operator in a sitting posture using the cabinet. The front wall 6 and the rear wall 'I at their upper edges have inwardly projecting ñanges 6' and 'I' respectively, suitably notched to receive the partitions 8’ to properly space the partitions and strengthen the construction. The front wall 6 of the book casing is provided at its upper portion with a ledge or shelf I0 hav 25 ing a means I I thereon for the reception of index cards or strips, and in the specific form illustrat ed this means I I constitutes a channel-shaped strip. Also this iront wall 8 at its extremity is provided with an upstanding flange I2 having a 30 cushion I3 thereon to receive and support the back of the books when in open position. Books and their trunnion mOi/.nts The books indicated generally by the reference character C are of identical length and construc tion. Each book comprises a rigid back I4 with the side edges having hinge barrels I5 to which are attached the side covers IS. The back I4 is preferably made of sheet metal and the side cov 40 ers I6 of canvas, bakelite, or hard fiber, although in both instances other material may be em ployed. Where an arcuate prong type loose-leaf binder constitutes the book as illustrated in the drawings, the prong manipulating mechanism is mounted in the back I4. At the sides of the back I4 and at a point sub stantially midway between the ends thereof lon gitudinally, are positioned two generally semi circular depressions I'I, one on each side respec 50 tively, and at the central points thereof are fixed ly mounted trunnions I8 which are countersunk in the depressions and do not extend beyond the sides of the back I4, so that when a book is re moved and placed upon a desk or table these trun nions will not in any way cause an unevenness in the position of the book. The depressions I1 and trunnions i8 are positioned slightly nearer one end of the book back I4 than the other so that the preponderance of weight of the book is at one end, preferably the upper or rear end in close-d position, to insure a complete opening and closing movement due to gravity as the books reach the extremes of their movements. Mounted on each of the intermediate parti tions Si’ and end walls 8 near the top edge, and at a point approximately midway between the front and rear edges thereof, are a series of trunnion cradles I9, each cradle comprising a base plate 20 and an extruded cylindrical boss 2I, each boss provided with a suitable slot or notch 22 adapted to receive and permit the discharge of the trun nions IB positioned at the sides of the book. The trunnion cradles i9 are preferably made of ex truded sheet metal, although other materials may 75 be employed, and are preferably made in pairs and in saddle form as illustrated and seated on the top edge of the partitions 8’ and securely at tached thereto by rivets 23. It will be noted that the semi-circular depres sions I‘I are slightly larger in diameter than the extruded cylindrical bosses 2l of the trunnion cradles, so that the trunnions will readily enter the cradles when the book is in the full open posi tion. When the book has been partially or fully rotated about the trunnion pivot for closing, it 10 will be seen that the interlocking action of the depressions I'I and bosses 2l will prevent the removal of the book from the cabinet until it has again been returned to the full open position. As illustrated particularly in Figures 6, '7 and 12, the 15 trunnions I8 are of general T-shape in longitu dinal section, that is to say, they have enlarged outer ends so that when entered in the slots of their respective cradles, the enlarged ends will prevent lateral disengagement therefrom. 20 The openings or notches 22 are at the top or upper portions of the cradles and these cradles, when the trunnions i8 are therein, are positioned within the depressions I'I of the books so that when the books are in their closed position within 25 the cabinet, as shown in Fig. 4, the wall of this depression lies under the cradle so that the book can not be removed from the cabinet when in this closed position. This is indicated in detail at the right of Fig. 7 and also in Fig. 8. When 30 the book is swung or pivoted to an open position as illustrated at the left of Fig. 7, the cradle aligns with the opening or entrance in the wall of the depression, and the trunnion I8 can then ride up wardly through the slot or opening 22 of the 35 cradle I9. Hence when a book is in this open po sition it can be lifted out of the cabinet, as illus trated in Fig. 5, and of course can also be re turned to the cabinet, and when the book is piv oted to any point beyond its extreme open posi 40 tion it will be securely held in the casing. It is of course to be understood that the inven tion is not limited to the particular angular posi tion of the book for release from its trunnion and cradle coupling means, as this may be varied to 45 suit the trade. Cushioning means In addition to the cushioning device I3 on the front Wall 6 and in addition to the cushioning 50 devices 5 on the end compartments 4, I provide cushions 24 on the upper edges of all the parti tions 8’ and end walls 8 which are disposed in a plane slightly above that of the back of the books when in closed position, so that these cushions 55 24 support the side covers of an open book as indicated clearly in Fig. 12 of the drawings. They therefore reduce the shock of opening the books, prevent noise, and lengthen the life of the books. These cushions 24 are preferably of suitably 60 shaped strips of rubber and constitute bumpers as do the other cushioning strips, and a prefer able means of mounting them is illustrated, in which retaining strips 25 of substantially in verted U-shape formation in cross section are uti 65 lized. These retaining strips are secured over the upper edges of the partitions 8’ and receive and support the cushions 24 thereon which may be secured thereto in any approved manner. In addition to the cushions and bumpers above 70 described, I provide a cushion or bumper 26 on the inner face of the front wfall 6 of the book casing for cushioning the fall of the books dur ing the operation of closing. This cushion or bumper 26 is secured in a retaining strip 27 iixed 75 2,112,094 to the front wall 6, and Ythis strip 2l has retain ing flanges 28 engaging the edges of the bumper, which is preferably of spongev rubber, holding the bumper compressed at its edges, and in arched or curved formation so that it presents a strong resilient cushion to receive Contact of the books. It is of course to be understood that this cushion 26 may extend entirely through the casing or it may be made in any desired lengths or sections. 10 Locking means As seen clearly in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 of the draw ings, I provide a locking bar 29 having a rocking action and mounted in the lower front portion 3 a plurality of book compartments, trunnion cradles mounted on the side walls of said com partments and projecting into depressions in the sides of books mounted thereon in interlocked en gagement whereby the said books are normally 5 suspended in closed position inside the said com partments and are prevented from removal from the said compartments except by rotation on the said trunnions to an open position outside the said compartments, a key controlled locking bar 10 extending transversely through the said com partments and having a rocker movement where by when in locked position none of the books may rotated and when in unlocked position the of the book casing B and extending throughout be books are free to rotate. 15 its length. This bar 29 at one end is arranged e. A book rack, including a pair of spaced to pivot in a socket 30 attached to an end wall supports, aligned trunnion cradles on the sup 8 of the book compartment B, and at its other ports having openings in their upper portions, a end is connected‘to the spindle 3l of a lock con 20 trolled handle’ 32 which is attached to the outer book, and countersunk trunnions on the sides of the book adjacent its back for movement through 20 surface of an end wall 8 of the book compart the openings in the cradles and for pivotal move ment. The handle is arranged to rotate through ment in the cradles. an arc of 90° and the lower front corners of the 5. A book rack, including a pair of spaced sup intermediate dividing partitions 8’ are cut away ports, aligned trunnion cradles on the supports 25 as seen in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 of the drawings to having openings in their upper portions, a book, permit free‘movement of the locking bar and the countersunk trunnions on the sides of the to provide for a stop for the same to limit its book adjacentV its back for movement through turning movement. the openings in the cradles and for pivotal move Fig. 4 shows the locking bar in locked position, ment in the cradles, said book having its coun 30 that is, it is turned to substantially a vertical tersunk portions extending to the back of the book position engaging the edges of the books C so that and its wall adapted to be positioned under the 30 when the locking bar is in this position the books cradle. can not be turned or moved on their pivots, but 6. A book rack, including a pair of spaced sup when the locking bar is swung to a substantially ports, aligned trunnion cradles on the supports horizontal position as shown in Fig. 5, it is out of having openings in their upper portions, a book, the way of the books and they areffree to swing countersunk trunnions on the sides of the book 35 or pivot. Thus it will be seen Vthat when the adjacent its back for movement through the books can not be pivoted or swung to an open openings in the cradles and for pivotal movement position for uncoupling engagement of the trun in the cradles, means cushioning the movement 40 nions with the cradles, they can not be removed of the book, and means locking the books in 40 from the cabinet so that the locking device 29 closed position. functions in combination with the trunnion '7. A book rack, including a support, a book mounts to insure a secure locking of the books casing mounted in the support, a plurality of in the cabinet whenever desired. parallel partitions in the casing dividing the same While I have illustrated and described what I into a plurality of book compartments, trunnion 45 believe to be a preferred embodiment of my in mounts on the partitions and the end walls of vention, it is to be distinctly understood that the casing, a book for each compartment, coun various slight changes may be made with regard tersunk trunnions intermediate the ends of the to the form and arrangement of parts without books at the sides thereof for coupling engage departing from my invention, and hence I do not ment with the trunnion mounts, cushioning de limit myself to the precise details set forth but vices on the upper edges of the partitions be 50 `consider myself at liberty to make such changes tween the books, a cushioning device at the upper and alterations as fairly fall Within the spirit and edge of the front wall of the casing, and a scope of the claims. cushioning device against the inner face of the I claim: A Y front wall of the casing adjacent the lower por 55 1. A book rack, including a plurality of com tion thereof. partments adapted to contain single books, a 8. A device of the character described, includ plurality of books provided with trunnion means ing a casing, a book partially concealed in the intermediate the ends thereof adapted for en casing and normally having a portion of its back gagement in supports in the compartments or for exposed, the said book having recessed trunnion 60 removal from the compartments, the said trun means at the sides of its back intermediate the nion means being countersunk in the sides of ends thereof, and trunnion cradles mounted in the book whereby when the book is laid flat on a said casing adapted to receive and provide piv table the said trunnion means will not mar the otal support for said trunnion means and permit finish or cause the book to rock. ting said book to swing around said pivot out 65 2. A book rack, including a casing, a book com side of- said casing, whereby the book may be partment for a single book, trunnion supports mounted on the side walls of said compartment and projecting into depressions in the sides of the book mounted thereon in interlocked engage ment, locking means preventing the rotation of the book on its trunnion pivot whereby the book is locked against rotation for use or removal from the compartment. 3. A book rack, including a casing comprising opened and supported by its pivot and adjacent parts of said casing in position for use. 9. A device of the character described, in cluding a casing, a book partially concealed in 70 the casing and normally having a portion of its back exposed, the said book having recessed trun nion means at the sides of its back intermediate the ends thereof, and trunnion supports mount ed in such casing adap-ted to engage the said trun 75 2,112,094 4 nion means for pivotal mounting to support and permit said book to swing around said pivot out side of said casing whereby the book may be re moved frorn the casing. 10. A book rack, including a compartment adapted to contain a book, projecting trunnion cradles mounted on the side walls of said com partrnent adapted to support a book which is sus pended therefrom when the book is in closed posi 10 tion in the compartment, and a book having re cessed trunnion means at the sides of its back intermediate the ends thereof, the said cradles being adapted to project into the said recessed trunnion means and interlock therewith where 15 by the book cannot be lifted from the compart ment when in said closed position. 11. A book rack including a plurality of com partments adapted to contain books, projecting trunnion supporting means mounted on the side 20 walls of said compartments near the top, a plu rality of books having trunnions positioned in open-end semi-circular depressions at the sides of the back intermediate the ends thereof, the said open end of the depressions being adapted 25 to permit the trunnions to be lifted from or placed upon the said supports for pivotal move ment of the book, the said trunnion supports be ing adapted to project into and intermesh with the said depressions whereby the said books may be lifted from the compartments only when the books have been rotated to a position outside the compartment. 12. A book rack, including a book compart ment, projecting trunnion cradles mounted on the side walls of said compartment, a book having recessed trunnion means at the sides of its back intermediate the ends thereof, the said recesses 10 being adapted to interlock with the said cradles whereby the said book maybe suspended from said interlocking trunnion means in said com partment and may be pivoted on said trunnion means and moved outside of said compartment and may then be entirely removed from said compartment. 13. A book rack including parallel spaced walls, a book normally located between said walls, said book having in its sides at its back semi 20 circular recesses, trunnions ñxed to the back and located centrally in said recesses, and cylindri cal trunnion cradles ñxed to said walls adapted to receive the trunnions therein with said cradles 25 located in the recesses. WALTER E. HASKIN.