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Патент USA US2112194

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March 22, 1938.
N. P. HARSHBERGER
ROOFING AND SIDING MATERIAL
Original Filed Sept. 20, 1950
man M». 22, 1938
. M12919
UNITED. STATES
2.111219%
ROOFING
ammo Maren
Norman P. Harshberger, Scarsdale, N. W2, as
signor to Bakelite Building Products 00., inc,
New York,- N. Y., a corporation of Delaware
Original application September 29, 1939,‘ Serial
No. 483,310. Patent No. 1,999,903, dated April
39, 1935. Divided and this ‘application April
39, 1935, Serial No. 19,919
112 @laims. (‘Cl- 199-?)
1
This invention relates to improvements in build-
Referring to the drawing, the numeral 8 des
ing, material, particularly in prepared roo?ng 'ignates a supporting roller which is rigidly
materials including color or other surface ornamenting or protective additions smile a division
5 of my copending application Ser. No. 483,310,
?ied Sept. 20, 1930, now Patent No. 1,999,903, April
30. 1935.
'
'
mounted on a shaft 9. Said shaft may be jour
naled in any suitable bearings (not shown). -
Three other shafts ill, ii and it are arranged in
triangular formation with respect to one another,
and may also be journaled in a frame in the usual
It is one ofthe objects of this invention to manner. Said shafts have mounted thereon sten
provide composition material with designs or lines ' cil belt supporting'rollers it, it and I5, respec
10 of demarcation thereon for the purpose of creating an e?ect of a plurality of individual ?gures
on a single element or strip.
A further object of this invention is to provide
an improved building material made by the ap- .
it plication to a traveling web of a quickrdrylng
substance having the general drying characteris-~
tics of Duco, and as to the broad idea of the use
tively. An endless stencil belt it is‘ movable 10
around said rollers. For the purpose of remov
ing any surplus paint from the stencil belt, yield
ingly and pivotally mounted scrapers ll may be
employed which engage opposite sides of the belt.
At the right hand side of the roller 8, a sup- l5
porting roller it is rotatably mounted, said roller
being adapted to engage the lower side of the
‘of cellulose material, such as Duco, this is de- , composition web l9. A printing roller 20, for a
scribed in my application Ser. No. 2'19A02, ?led purpose to be hereinafter described, is mounted
in vertical alignment with the roller i8 and is 20
A more speci?c object of this invention is to
provide mineral surfaced ‘roo?ng elements hav-
W. The printing roller 29 may be fed-with ink
or the like through the medium of an inking
roll 2|].
,
A cutting roller 22 is rotatably mounted be- 25
2O ‘7. 1933-
’
mg bands of weather resistant material over the
butt portions thereof to be exposed, for coloring
2 CI and ornamental purposes.
a
‘
adapted to engage the upper surface of the web
neath the web l9 and is engageable with the
A further object of this invention is to provide
lower side thereof. Said roller is provided with
a roo?ng element having a quickly dried color
knives 23 which are arranged in a desired form as
coating over the exposed portions of the granular
30 particle facing thereof without affecting the tex'ture of the granular particles and principally
anchored to the base by said particles.
With the above and other objects in view, the
invention consists of the improved article and
.
'
May 21, 1928, ‘now Patent No. 1,900,861, March
shownsin Fig. 3 to cut the web in a predetermined
manner. A press ‘roll M which is rotatably 30
mounted above the web, is in vertical alignment
with ‘the cutting roller 22.
'
Beyond the roller 22 a table 25 is preferably
provided for receiving the cut sections of mate
35 all its parts and combinations, as set forth in ' rial after said sections have left a cutting roll.
the claims, and all equivalents thereof.
In the accompanying drawing illustrating one
4
3:,
A pipe 26, or other suitable feeding device, hav
ing lower perforations 21 therein, and connected
embodiment of the preferred form of the inventlon, in which the same reference numerals des40 ignate the same-parts in all of the’ views:
with a source of/coloring material under pres
sure, is mounted between the rollers 13, it and
It and isarranged to spray coloring material 40
.
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view taken through
throughthe rear of the stencil so that said ma-
the apparatus. parts being broken away, and the
supporting frame for the various shafts being
terial may pass through the apertures of the
stencil to color the web along desired lines or in
omitted inasmuch as this may be of any ordinary
desired areas.
45 construction;
a
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the stencil
belt;
‘
'
'
In carrying out the improved method, the main 45
supporting roll 8, the printing roll 20 and the
cutting roll 22 are driven in any desired manner.
Fig. 3 is a plan view ‘of a portion of the cutting
roller showing the arrangement of the knives
50 thereon;
"
‘
Fig. 4 is a plan view showing one type of roofing element which may be formed by the improved method; and‘
Fig. 5 is a plan view showing an assembly of a
‘55 plurality of said elements.‘ ,
.
An elongated sheet of roo?ng material, which
comprises a fabric base coated with bituminous
I
material and with a layer of granulated mineral, 50
is fed between‘ the stencil belt l6 and a portion
of the supporting roll 8. The rotation of the
roll 8 will cause movement of the web and also
movement of the stencil belt which is in fric
tional contact therewith. Coloring material 2815 55
v
. 2,112,194
2
thenr applied through the medium of the feeding
member 26 to the rear of said ‘stencil, and said
elements each comprising a ?brous base, a bi
tuminous layer, mineral particles interspersed
coloring material will pass through the apertures
and partially embedded .. in said layer, and a
29 of the stencil belt and will adhere to the we I
hardened weather-resistant color surfacing com
prising a substantially water-insoluble quick dry
below to create a design thereon.
'
If an ordinary paint or coloring material were
employed, it would not be possible to perform the
operations of cutting and stacking the cut ele
ments without smearing of the coloring material.
10 For this reason, it is an important part of the
method that a quick drying paint be utilized as
the web of building material to which the quick
drying paint is applied is usually quite hot after
receiving its surfacing of interspersed mineral
16 particles and such will help drive off the volatile
solvents of the paint and thereby bring about a
rapid initial set. Said paint may be a cellulose
mixture, as cellulose ester in a readily volatile
solvent, commercially known as Duco, which pos
20 sesses the property of drying very rapidly. ‘
Inasmuch as the apertures 29 of the stencil
ing ?lm over said mineral particles, said mineral
particles acting as the principal means of bond
for said surface coating and said shingle elements
being adapted to be stacked during manufacture
without smearing their surfacing.
'
_ '4. As articles of manufacture ornamented ?ex
ible shingle elements comprising mineral sur
faced ?brous bases having thereon continuous
colored bands' of a hardened weather-resistant
coating anchored by said mineral surfacing in 14
position, said coating comprising a substantially
water insoluble quick drying lacquer.
5. As articles of manufacture ornamented ?ex
ible shingle elements comprising mineral sur
faced ?brous baseshaving thereon continuous
colored bands of a hardened coating anchored
belt must be separated at intervals as at 30 so by and covering the exposed portions of said
that portions of the belt will not fall away, the mineral surfacing said coating comprising a
lines of demarcation which will be applied to the
25 web will be broken at intervals.
For this reason, '
the printing'roller 20 is employed, said printer
having a printing plate extending around its
periphery which is formed to apply coloring ma
terial to the short sections of the web which are
30 below the portions 30 of the stencil belt.. The
web will therefore leave the printing roller with
continuous lines of demarcation 3i thereon.
Next, the web will be severed longitudinally and
transversely by the knives 23 of the cutting roller
22 to produce from each side of the web a plu
35 rality
of ?gured elements such as are shown in
‘ Figure 4.
Each of said elements is then cut inwardly from
its lower edge'as at 32 to form a slit for engage
40 ment with a lug 33. The shingles produced may
be laid as shown in Figure 5 with adjacent ele
ments in the same row having overlapping ends
which are interlocked through the lugs and slits
33 and 32, and with the lower edge of one row
above overlapping the upper edge of a row below,
as shown in Figure 5, to create an effect of a plu
rality of brick-like ?gures.
Although the coloring material 28 is shown as
, applied in the form ofa spray, it may also be ap
plied by a soft application roll, or in any other
50 suitable manner. It is further to be understood
that the stencil may be formed to produce any
type of design on the web, the brick-like design
shown being merely for the purpose of illustra
tion. All other changes and modi?cations are
55 also contemplated as may come within the scope
of the claims.
I claim:
. v
'
1. As an article of manufacture, a colored
shingle element comprising a water resistant.
60 ?exible base, a granular surface roughening ma
65
terial adhesively secured to said base, and a'
hardened and weather-resistant colored coating
secured to the exposed surface of said granular
materiaLsaid coating comprising a substantially
water-insoluble quick drying lacquer.
quick drying cellulosic ester lacquer.
6. As an article of manufacture, a colored shin
gle element comprising a water resistant ?exible
base, a granular surface toughening material ad
hesively secured to said base and partially em
bedded thereln, and a colored coating compris
ing the dried residuum of a quick drying cellu
lose ester lacquer over the exposed portions of
said particles and anchored thereto, said granu
lar surfacing acting as the principal means of
bond for said colored coating.
7. An ornamental shingle element comprising 35
a base, a surface roughening material compris
ing mineral particles adhesively secured to said
base and partially‘ embedded therein and a
hardened weather resistant colored coating com
prising a quick drying cellulose ester lacquer over 40
said base and exposed mineral particles and
without affecting the texture of said particles,
said particles acting as a means of bonding said
coating to said base.
8. As articles of manufacture ?exible shingle
elements each comprising a ?brous base, a bitu 45
minous layer, mineral particles interspersed and
partially embedded in said layer,‘ and a hardened
weather resistant color surfacing comprising a
substantially water-insoluble coating having quick
drying characteristics covering the exposed por 50
tion of said particles and the bituminous layer
therebetween to protect the same, said mineral
particles acting as the principal means of bond
for said surface‘ coating, and said shingle ele
ments being adapted to be stacked during manu 55
facture without smearing their surfacing.
9. As an article of manufacture, a colored ?exi
ble shingle element comprising a composition base
- layer, mineral particles. partially anchored in said 60
base layer, there being another surface coating
on the exposed surface of said particles compris~
ing a quickly set cellulose ester lacquer and
bonded by the mineral particles to said base.
‘ 10. An ‘ornamental shingle element comprising 65
2. An ornamental shingle element comprising
a base, a surface roughening material compris
ing mineral particles adhesively secured to said
base and partially embedded therein, and a
base and a colored coating comprising a hardened
and weather-resistant ?lm comprising a substan
hardened and weather-resistant ?lm comprising
a substantially water-insoluble quick drying
tially water-insoluble quick drying coating se
cured to the exposed surface of said mineral par
ticles and adhesive, said particles acting as a
means of bonding said coating to said bme.
75
3. its articles of manufacture ?exible shingle
a base, a surface roughening material compris
ing mineral particles adhesively secured to said
lacquer coating over the exposed mineral parti
cles, and base portion in the interstices there
between, and presenting the texture of the mineral
particles.
11. As an article of manufacture, roo?ng com- 75
onto-Joe
bitumen, and 8t hardened and Weather-resistant
coating onchored to’soiid eronules on the por
bitumen, and a hardened and weothei-resistont _ tion exposed above the bitumen layer and. with
coating anchored to said granules on the portion out o?ecting the exposed surface contour of said
granules, sold coating comprising n substantially
exposed above the bitumen layer and without of
fecting the exposed sm'foce contour of sold eren~ _ water-insoluble quick drying coating composition
ules, sold coating comprising at substantially including a, synthetic bose, onol soid coating
prising o. base, a. bituminous layer on said boee, o
layer of individual granules embedded in sniol
tion including a, synthetic base.
12. As on article of manufacture, roofing ‘com-1
being on only a, portion of sold roo?ng to be ex
posed whereby to create an ornamental vis’nnl ef
fect by the contrast between the coated ond un- 10
prising a base, is, bituminous layer on said base‘,
coated portions to be exposed.
water-insoluble quick drying coating composi
a layer of individunl granules embedded in eoiol
I
NORMAN P. WWEIRQER.
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