Патент USA US2112194код для вставки
March 22, 1938. N. P. HARSHBERGER ROOFING AND SIDING MATERIAL Original Filed Sept. 20, 1950 man M». 22, 1938 . M12919 UNITED. STATES 2.111219% ROOFING ammo Maren Norman P. Harshberger, Scarsdale, N. W2, as signor to Bakelite Building Products 00., inc, New York,- N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Original application September 29, 1939,‘ Serial No. 483,310. Patent No. 1,999,903, dated April 39, 1935. Divided and this ‘application April 39, 1935, Serial No. 19,919 112 @laims. (‘Cl- 199-?) 1 This invention relates to improvements in build- Referring to the drawing, the numeral 8 des ing, material, particularly in prepared roo?ng 'ignates a supporting roller which is rigidly materials including color or other surface ornamenting or protective additions smile a division 5 of my copending application Ser. No. 483,310, ?ied Sept. 20, 1930, now Patent No. 1,999,903, April 30. 1935. ' ' mounted on a shaft 9. Said shaft may be jour naled in any suitable bearings (not shown). - Three other shafts ill, ii and it are arranged in triangular formation with respect to one another, and may also be journaled in a frame in the usual It is one ofthe objects of this invention to manner. Said shafts have mounted thereon sten provide composition material with designs or lines ' cil belt supporting'rollers it, it and I5, respec 10 of demarcation thereon for the purpose of creating an e?ect of a plurality of individual ?gures on a single element or strip. A further object of this invention is to provide an improved building material made by the ap- . it plication to a traveling web of a quickrdrylng substance having the general drying characteris-~ tics of Duco, and as to the broad idea of the use tively. An endless stencil belt it is‘ movable 10 around said rollers. For the purpose of remov ing any surplus paint from the stencil belt, yield ingly and pivotally mounted scrapers ll may be employed which engage opposite sides of the belt. At the right hand side of the roller 8, a sup- l5 porting roller it is rotatably mounted, said roller being adapted to engage the lower side of the ‘of cellulose material, such as Duco, this is de- , composition web l9. A printing roller 20, for a scribed in my application Ser. No. 2'19A02, ?led purpose to be hereinafter described, is mounted in vertical alignment with the roller i8 and is 20 A more speci?c object of this invention is to provide mineral surfaced ‘roo?ng elements hav- W. The printing roller 29 may be fed-with ink or the like through the medium of an inking roll 2|]. , A cutting roller 22 is rotatably mounted be- 25 2O ‘7. 1933- ’ mg bands of weather resistant material over the butt portions thereof to be exposed, for coloring 2 CI and ornamental purposes. a ‘ adapted to engage the upper surface of the web neath the web l9 and is engageable with the A further object of this invention is to provide lower side thereof. Said roller is provided with a roo?ng element having a quickly dried color knives 23 which are arranged in a desired form as coating over the exposed portions of the granular 30 particle facing thereof without affecting the tex'ture of the granular particles and principally anchored to the base by said particles. With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists of the improved article and . ' May 21, 1928, ‘now Patent No. 1,900,861, March shownsin Fig. 3 to cut the web in a predetermined manner. A press ‘roll M which is rotatably 30 mounted above the web, is in vertical alignment with ‘the cutting roller 22. ' Beyond the roller 22 a table 25 is preferably provided for receiving the cut sections of mate 35 all its parts and combinations, as set forth in ' rial after said sections have left a cutting roll. the claims, and all equivalents thereof. In the accompanying drawing illustrating one 4 3:, A pipe 26, or other suitable feeding device, hav ing lower perforations 21 therein, and connected embodiment of the preferred form of the inventlon, in which the same reference numerals des40 ignate the same-parts in all of the’ views: with a source of/coloring material under pres sure, is mounted between the rollers 13, it and It and isarranged to spray coloring material 40 . Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view taken through throughthe rear of the stencil so that said ma- the apparatus. parts being broken away, and the supporting frame for the various shafts being terial may pass through the apertures of the stencil to color the web along desired lines or in omitted inasmuch as this may be of any ordinary desired areas. 45 construction; a Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the stencil belt; ‘ ' ' In carrying out the improved method, the main 45 supporting roll 8, the printing roll 20 and the cutting roll 22 are driven in any desired manner. Fig. 3 is a plan view ‘of a portion of the cutting roller showing the arrangement of the knives 50 thereon; " ‘ Fig. 4 is a plan view showing one type of roofing element which may be formed by the improved method; and‘ Fig. 5 is a plan view showing an assembly of a ‘55 plurality of said elements.‘ , . An elongated sheet of roo?ng material, which comprises a fabric base coated with bituminous I material and with a layer of granulated mineral, 50 is fed between‘ the stencil belt l6 and a portion of the supporting roll 8. The rotation of the roll 8 will cause movement of the web and also movement of the stencil belt which is in fric tional contact therewith. Coloring material 2815 55 v . 2,112,194 2 thenr applied through the medium of the feeding member 26 to the rear of said ‘stencil, and said elements each comprising a ?brous base, a bi tuminous layer, mineral particles interspersed coloring material will pass through the apertures and partially embedded .. in said layer, and a 29 of the stencil belt and will adhere to the we I hardened weather-resistant color surfacing com prising a substantially water-insoluble quick dry below to create a design thereon. ' If an ordinary paint or coloring material were employed, it would not be possible to perform the operations of cutting and stacking the cut ele ments without smearing of the coloring material. 10 For this reason, it is an important part of the method that a quick drying paint be utilized as the web of building material to which the quick drying paint is applied is usually quite hot after receiving its surfacing of interspersed mineral 16 particles and such will help drive off the volatile solvents of the paint and thereby bring about a rapid initial set. Said paint may be a cellulose mixture, as cellulose ester in a readily volatile solvent, commercially known as Duco, which pos 20 sesses the property of drying very rapidly. ‘ Inasmuch as the apertures 29 of the stencil ing ?lm over said mineral particles, said mineral particles acting as the principal means of bond for said surface coating and said shingle elements being adapted to be stacked during manufacture without smearing their surfacing. ' _ '4. As articles of manufacture ornamented ?ex ible shingle elements comprising mineral sur faced ?brous bases having thereon continuous colored bands' of a hardened weather-resistant coating anchored by said mineral surfacing in 14 position, said coating comprising a substantially water insoluble quick drying lacquer. 5. As articles of manufacture ornamented ?ex ible shingle elements comprising mineral sur faced ?brous baseshaving thereon continuous colored bands of a hardened coating anchored belt must be separated at intervals as at 30 so by and covering the exposed portions of said that portions of the belt will not fall away, the mineral surfacing said coating comprising a lines of demarcation which will be applied to the 25 web will be broken at intervals. For this reason, ' the printing'roller 20 is employed, said printer having a printing plate extending around its periphery which is formed to apply coloring ma terial to the short sections of the web which are 30 below the portions 30 of the stencil belt.. The web will therefore leave the printing roller with continuous lines of demarcation 3i thereon. Next, the web will be severed longitudinally and transversely by the knives 23 of the cutting roller 22 to produce from each side of the web a plu 35 rality of ?gured elements such as are shown in ‘ Figure 4. Each of said elements is then cut inwardly from its lower edge'as at 32 to form a slit for engage 40 ment with a lug 33. The shingles produced may be laid as shown in Figure 5 with adjacent ele ments in the same row having overlapping ends which are interlocked through the lugs and slits 33 and 32, and with the lower edge of one row above overlapping the upper edge of a row below, as shown in Figure 5, to create an effect of a plu rality of brick-like ?gures. Although the coloring material 28 is shown as , applied in the form ofa spray, it may also be ap plied by a soft application roll, or in any other 50 suitable manner. It is further to be understood that the stencil may be formed to produce any type of design on the web, the brick-like design shown being merely for the purpose of illustra tion. All other changes and modi?cations are 55 also contemplated as may come within the scope of the claims. I claim: . v ' 1. As an article of manufacture, a colored shingle element comprising a water resistant. 60 ?exible base, a granular surface roughening ma 65 terial adhesively secured to said base, and a' hardened and weather-resistant colored coating secured to the exposed surface of said granular materiaLsaid coating comprising a substantially water-insoluble quick drying lacquer. quick drying cellulosic ester lacquer. 6. As an article of manufacture, a colored shin gle element comprising a water resistant ?exible base, a granular surface toughening material ad hesively secured to said base and partially em bedded thereln, and a colored coating compris ing the dried residuum of a quick drying cellu lose ester lacquer over the exposed portions of said particles and anchored thereto, said granu lar surfacing acting as the principal means of bond for said colored coating. 7. An ornamental shingle element comprising 35 a base, a surface roughening material compris ing mineral particles adhesively secured to said base and partially‘ embedded therein and a hardened weather resistant colored coating com prising a quick drying cellulose ester lacquer over 40 said base and exposed mineral particles and without affecting the texture of said particles, said particles acting as a means of bonding said coating to said base. 8. As articles of manufacture ?exible shingle elements each comprising a ?brous base, a bitu 45 minous layer, mineral particles interspersed and partially embedded in said layer,‘ and a hardened weather resistant color surfacing comprising a substantially water-insoluble coating having quick drying characteristics covering the exposed por 50 tion of said particles and the bituminous layer therebetween to protect the same, said mineral particles acting as the principal means of bond for said surface‘ coating, and said shingle ele ments being adapted to be stacked during manu 55 facture without smearing their surfacing. 9. As an article of manufacture, a colored ?exi ble shingle element comprising a composition base - layer, mineral particles. partially anchored in said 60 base layer, there being another surface coating on the exposed surface of said particles compris~ ing a quickly set cellulose ester lacquer and bonded by the mineral particles to said base. ‘ 10. An ‘ornamental shingle element comprising 65 2. An ornamental shingle element comprising a base, a surface roughening material compris ing mineral particles adhesively secured to said base and partially embedded therein, and a base and a colored coating comprising a hardened and weather-resistant ?lm comprising a substan hardened and weather-resistant ?lm comprising a substantially water-insoluble quick drying tially water-insoluble quick drying coating se cured to the exposed surface of said mineral par ticles and adhesive, said particles acting as a means of bonding said coating to said bme. 75 3. its articles of manufacture ?exible shingle a base, a surface roughening material compris ing mineral particles adhesively secured to said lacquer coating over the exposed mineral parti cles, and base portion in the interstices there between, and presenting the texture of the mineral particles. 11. As an article of manufacture, roo?ng com- 75 onto-Joe bitumen, and 8t hardened and Weather-resistant coating onchored to’soiid eronules on the por bitumen, and a hardened and weothei-resistont _ tion exposed above the bitumen layer and. with coating anchored to said granules on the portion out o?ecting the exposed surface contour of said granules, sold coating comprising n substantially exposed above the bitumen layer and without of fecting the exposed sm'foce contour of sold eren~ _ water-insoluble quick drying coating composition ules, sold coating comprising at substantially including a, synthetic bose, onol soid coating prising o. base, a. bituminous layer on said boee, o layer of individual granules embedded in sniol tion including a, synthetic base. 12. As on article of manufacture, roofing ‘com-1 being on only a, portion of sold roo?ng to be ex posed whereby to create an ornamental vis’nnl ef fect by the contrast between the coated ond un- 10 prising a base, is, bituminous layer on said base‘, coated portions to be exposed. water-insoluble quick drying coating composi a layer of individunl granules embedded in eoiol I NORMAN P. WWEIRQER.