Патент USA US2112365код для вставки
March 29,- 1938. ' `H. G. GUIRE. ET AL 2,112,365 APPARATUS FOR CLEANING MATRICES AND MAGAZINES Filed Aug. 14, 1934 1 2,112,365 Patented Mar. 29, 1938 "UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE> 2,112,365 APPARATUS Fon CLEANING,` MATRICES ANDl -‘ ‘ MAGAZINES* -- - Henry G. Guire, Trenton, and Albin L. Chal fonte, deceased, late of Trenton, N. J., by administrator, Trenton, Charles S. Chalfonte, mesne assignments, to N. J., assignors, by National Printing Appliance Corporation', New York, N. Y., a corporation of New> York> ‘ ApplicationAugust 14, 1934, Serial ÍNo. ‘739,756 6 Claims. (Cl.,141-1) , its magazine, the latter containing the matrices, and both to be cleaned, are inserted through the This invention relates to line-casting machines, such Aas those >of composing rooms, in rwhich matrices are movably guided in channels of open end of the container, and then a rtight cover is swíngably movable into position for removably matrix magazines, and has particular reference to improved cleaning methods and apparatus therefor. , sealingthe otherwise open end of the tank, `which o also contains a suitable amount of cleansing ’ liquid. Since’the magazines are disposed in an inclined operative position, so that the matrices may move -gravitationally from the topi orA high open ends, along the channels, for controllable discharge or lC removal'fr'om thelower open ends thereof, it is necessary not only to maintain these» channels, but also -the matrices, in clean condition, in order to insure free operation. ‘ Movement of the matrices normally becomes restricted, or clogged, because the frictionally en gaging surfaces tend under ordinary working co-n ditions to collect particles of dust, oil, graphite, or other gummy substances; and priory to this invention it has been the practice to» remove the matrices from the magazine for cleaning pur zo poses. Y cleaning or washing operation. » cleaned. Also, removal of individual parts nec essarily involved separate replacement or as sembly, which further used considerable time. ` Now, one of the objects of our invention, as established, is to clean the matrices in their magazines without removal therefrom, and an other object, connected with the foregoing, and with a View to economy-of labor, and also of ma C13 terial, is to utilize some of the parts for cleaning C) l Y The magazines have, opposite the discharge 40 ` ` Movement or inclination of the container be tween different positions also facilitates inser tion and removal of the frame and magazine, which are constructed of appropriate metal. The 20 device is suitable for use in small shops or houses, as` well as by large establishments, this being to \ Thematerials usedfor cleaning, subsequent to removal of the matrices, have been numerous, and among these were brushes, the bristles of which, apart from coincident labor and length of time required, could not reach all of the parts to be others. ' The tank with its contents are movable, there being a `support ory stand in which the device is journalled, and this movement may be rotary, or reciprocal, as between slightly lowered and ele vated positions, so» thatin either case the matrices are moved between the ends of the magazine, and the liquid, which may be of any desired temper ature, is at the same time moved to complete the 15 end, a receiving or entrance end for the matrices, so that the latter may be spaced as from the re secure `a further object of the invention. - With the above indicated objects in View, and others which will hereinafter appear, the essen-` 25 tial features of the present construction are here in clearly described and fully illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which: Fig. 1 is a longitudinal central sectional View 30 of the tank with its magazine holder; Fig. 2 is a lateral elevational View thereof; Fig. 3 is a vertical section taken on the line 3--3 of Fig. 1; Y Fig. 4 is ‘a lateral elevational View of a ¿maga zine holder' per se; Fig. 5 is a reduced end View of a support in which the complete deviceis shown in lateral elevation; - Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail View of a portion of the section shown in Fig. l, and Fig. 7 illus 40 ceiving end, and between these ends in longitudi trates a matrix. nal or fore-and-aft directions, are disposed the channels for controlling the said matrices, as is corresponding _parts throughout the several views. well known by thoseV skilled in the art. A 'fur ther detailed description of these features is , Similar characters of reference are applied to . The magazine and matrix cleaning device in cludes a metal tank, container or housing the opposite front and rear walls lll, ll of which, as therefore not necessary. l I herein illustrated, are integral with the inter A feature of our invention is a magazine holder ' posed lateral walls i3 and i4. These latter walls, or frame, and since the matrices, as indicated, which are reinforced by >a rib I5, extend across have movement relative the magazine. and its one end I6, Ill of the device to close the housing 50. grooves, said holder, which is »constructed for ‘ > quickinsertion of the magazine, grips the latter thereat. At the opposite or open end of the housing, the and holds it with a resilientufit. edge or terminal I8 of the cooperating wallsY is Another feature of the invention >is a tank formed with an endlesslgroove I9, as shown in or liquid container which includes aV body having Figs. l and’ö, and in this groove is positioned a - :l opposed closed and open ends»> .The frame withV 2 . 2,112,365 resilient or rubber gasket 20, against which a re movable cover 2|, having a reinforcing rib 22, ñts in fluid-tight condition. Adjacent the open end of the container the lateral walls are provided with integral ears 23, 24, which are spaced from the body of the device, and in these spaces, mounted for pivotal or swinging movement on pins 25, 26, are the termi wheel 68, is provided. This drain cock is thread edly inserted in the housing at 69. The liquid container is formed with opposed bosses 10, 1| , which are bored to frictionally or metallically receive trunnions 12, 13; and in order to movably support the container, said trunnions Ol are journalled in like standards, one of which is. shown and numbered 14 in Fig. 5, of a frame 15, nals of legs 21, 28 of a U-shaped frame, which ' which may be movable, as by base wheels or cas 10 also includes a bight portion 29. Said frame is tors, not shown. also provided with a reinforcing rib 30. At the center of the swingable U-shaped frame is a boss 3|, in which is a threaded aperture 32, and in the center of the cover 2| is a recessed boss 33. Said cover, by reason of terminal hands 34, 35, slidably embraces the legs 21, 28, so that the structure is movable between the closed posi tion shown in Fig. 1 and the dotted line or open position shown in Fig. 2. 20 In the aperture 32 is mounted a threaded shank 36, which has at one end thereof and rigid there with a hand wheel 31, and -at its opposite end an expansion 38. This expansiomheld in the recess of the boss 33 by a disk 39, is freely movable in said recess, so that on turning the hand wheel 31 the cover 2| is either movable inwardly for sealing engagement with the gasket 20, or out wardly to allow of the aforesaid swinging or open ing movement. The disk 39 is metallically held 30 on the boss 33. A magazine 4D, with its matrices, is shown in the present instance as including, on opposed in clined lateral walls, 4|, 42, a front wall which in cludes, between opposite ends 43, 45, transversely disposed cooperating elements, as 46, 41. In the fore-and-aft grooves of the magazine, not shown in the drawing, but well understood by those skilled in the art, the matrices, as 1, are slidably movable, there being lugs 8, 9 on each matrix for 40 engaging in said grooves. ‘A holder for the magazine 46 includes a pair of parallel bars. 48, 49, which extend from and are, as at present shown, integral with a right angularly disposed end plate 50, which partly covers the end 45. Opposite said bars and cooper ating therewith is a pair of bars 5| , 52, which are held together at right angularly disposed exten sions 53, 54 by a cross bar 55. Like ears 56 of the plate 5D and of the terminals of the bars 5|, 52 carry a hinge pin or rod 51; and cooperating ears, as 58, of the bars 48, 49 and extensions 53, 54, carry >a removable rod 59. On the inner faces of these bars are held opposed springs, each alike and numbered 6D (seeFigs. 2_4), so the magazine 40 is yieldably held there between. On removal of the rod 59 the magazine holder is swingably operable. The center 6| of the cross bar 53 is formed as a gripping portion, so that the holder with its magazine 4|) may be easily handled or carried; and in order to adjust the magazine 40, or move it tightly against the end 56, the extensions 53, 54 have threadedly mounted therein thumb screws 62, ‘63. Said screws terminally engage a plate or partial closure 43', which is seated on the edge of the magazine at its end 43. The handle por tion 6| also serves as a seat for the cover 2|, so that the holder with its magazine are resiliently sup-ported in the housing by a coil spring 64, which finds terminal seats at 65 and 66 on the plate 5i) and end I6, |1. Liquid may be removed from or inserted in the container by the open end |8, but an end drain 75 cock 61, controllable by a Valve having a hand Keyed 'to the trunnion 13 is a handle 16, and 10 since both trunnions are rigid with the container the latter is swingable or revolvable by said han dle. But other means, such as a motor, not shown, may be used in connection with the trun 15 nion for moving the same. The container is not completely filled with the cleansing fluid, so that on operating the handle 16 to move the container through a horizontal position, as between the full line position of Fig. 20 5 and the position represented by the line a, a, the fluid is moved longitudinally or in fore-and-aft directions to clean the matrices in the magazine, and also the walls and channels of said magazine, as already indicated. When the container is re volved, the cleaning operation, at different times during each revolution, is the same as when 0s cilated between inclined positions. After the co-ntainer with its handle 16 areA originally set up in the frame 15, removal there 30 from is not usually necessary. When a heated cleansing fluid is used, the frame and magazine, with its matrices„tend to dry quickly after re moval from the container. Some fluids evaporate quickly from the mechanism, after removal from the container, at ordinary temperatures, and in other cases, heating or drying means, not shown, may be provided for the structure, on being re moved from the container. When, after cleaning a magazine, the liquid 40 is removed by way of the drain cock 61, the con tainer may be conveniently tilted, as to the posi tion a, a; the U-shaped frame may be swung to the dotted line position of Fig. 2, and the maga zine with its holder removed by the handle 6|. As the hereinbefore described construction Iad mits of considerable modification without de parting from the invention, the particular ar rangements shown should be taken as illustrative, and Vnot in a limiting sense; therefore, the scope of protection contemplated is to be taken solely from the appended claims, interpreted as broadly as is consistent with the prior art. We claim: 1. A holder comprising two pairs of spaced par allel holder bars; an inner end plate integral with one pair of said bars; means pivotally mounting the other pair on said end plate at the inner end of the bars; an outer end member integral With the pivoted bars at the other end from said plate; means releasably holding the outer ends of the (S0 other bars; opposed springs on the inner faces of said bars adapted to yieldably receive a matrix magazine therebetween; and means on said outer end member for adjusting the magazine against the en-d plate. 2. A magazine holder for use with a container having open and closed ends and a cover plate for engaging said open end, said closed end hav ing a seat axial of the container; said holder be ing elongated and having an inner end plate hav 70 ing a seat coaxial with said ñrst named seat and adapted to receive a coil spring adapted to be compressed between said seats; an outer end member disposable at said open end of said con 75 3 2,112,865 tainer, said outer end member being provided with a handle portion adapted to be engaged by said cover plate for pressing the end plate against said coil spring as the cover plate is closed. 3. In combination, a container having open and closed ends; a cover plate engaging said open end; said closed end having a closable drain opening surrounded by a seat; an elongated hold er disposed longitudinally within the container 10 against the opposite container walls and adapted to receive a matrix magazine therebetween; an inner end plate integral with said holder and hav „15 magazine, and means releasably holding said top end portion and the ilrst mentioned member to gether. 5. 'I'he combination of a liquid containing tank having an adjustable cover, av matrix magazine holder disposed in the tank and including side members, said members having spring fingers for resiliently engaging opposite sides of a magazine, said holder including top and bottom members, spring means disposed between the bottom of 10 the tank and said bottom member, and means for adjusting said cover so as to urge the latter against said top member, whereby to tension the ing a seat coaxial with said first named seat; a coil spring compressed between said seats; an outer yend member integral with the holder at said open end of said container, said outer end holder against said spring means. 6. In combination, an elongate revolvable tank for containing cleansing liquid for a matrix mag member being provided with a handle portion adapted to be engaged by said cover plate for pressing the end plate against said coil springs tank for revolution about a transverse axis, said tank comprising a bottom and having a top seal 20 as the cover plate is closed. 4. A holder comprising a side member having a bottom end portion for engaging one end of a matrix magazine, an opposite side member hav ing a top end portion for engaging the opposite end of the magazine, hinge means connecting said bottom portion and the second mentioned member, spring means carried by said members for resiliently engaging the opposite sides of the azine, there being means pivotally supporting'the ing closure, a. magazine holder disposed within the tank and having spring ñngers for engaging opposite side of the magazine, and spring means resiliently supporting said holder longitudinally of the tank. - HENRY G. GUIRE. CHARLES S. CHALF'ONTE, Administrator for the Estate of Albin L. Chal fonte, Deceased.