Патент USA US2112395код для вставки
March 29, 1938. ' 2,112,395 - T. H. CLACK I STRAND FORMING ‘DEVICE Filed July 14, 1957 E15 23 _ PIE. 5 INVENTOR. THUMAS H. ELAEK BY ATTORNEY. Patented Mar. 29,1933 , _ t v I A _ 2,112,395‘ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,112,395 STRAND FORMING nEvIoE Thomas H. Clack, San Francisco, Calif. Application July 14, 1937, Serial No. 153,553 7 Claims. (.01. 28-1) “ This invention relates ‘generally to improvements in weaving looms, and has particular ref- and 3, and these spindles carry the spools of cot ton or hemp twine, which are used in fashioning erence to weaving looms for the purpose of pro- the rug. ducing rag rugs, or thelike. ~ The primary object of the invention is to produce a wire loom of this character that is very ‘cheap to manufacture, and that takes the place of the usual wooden frame for this purpose, in present use. 10 Another object of the invention is the provision ‘ , ' A hook I4 is formed on the upper end of the upright H and tensioning loops l5 extend up- 5 wardly from the brace section 9, these parts being all welded together as a unit. 1 It will now be observed that when spools of cotton or hemp twine areplaced uponthe spindles l3 with a looped end thereof placed in the ‘hook I‘, 10 of a loom of the character set forth that is com- and the intermediate ‘ sections thereof are fed posed of wire spot-welded together to form the through the tensioning loops or members l5 that loom frame. A further object of the invention is to provide a 15 weaving loom having a spot-‘welded metal frame the device is ready for the weaving of a rug, such as a rag rug. So called “Persian loops” or knots are formed 15 in which is included means for tensioning the cotton or hemp cord during the operation of weaving. A still further object of the invention is to pro20 vide a simple weaving frame of‘the character set forth, that is. light in construction and that may be easily and quickly produced, and is designed primarily to supplant the more expensive wooden frame at present utilized for the purpose. Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent with reference to the subjoined speci?cation, and the accompanying drawing, in in the twine by means of small sections of rags which draw the sections of the twine together progressing from the hook ll toward the tensions ing loops, I5. When that section of the rug is formed it is 20 withdrawn from the hook l4 and moved outward lyand a new section is formed between the hook l4 and the tensioning loops l5 and this operation is continued until sufficient material is woven to form the rug. 25 After this material has been woven, the strip is coiled and stitched to form the rug. This op eration, as described, is the usual method of forming this type of rugs, and is well known in which:-—- . Figure 1 is a plan view of my improved loom, , 30 showing the general con?guration thereof: Figure 2 is a side view of the device turned on its end; and Figure 3 is a rear elevation of the same. It has‘ been the general practice heretofore in 35 the weaving of rugs, such as rag rugs, to do this , weaving on a wooden loom of a somewhat ex- pensive and cumbersome character. These looms warp due to weather conditions, and are therefore very unsatisfactory in this respect. 40 I have therefore, produced a metallic loom, ' 30 It will thus be observed that I have provided a loom for the purpose set forth that is light in weight, is compact, and that may be cheaply constructed from ordinary wire, spot-welded to gether to form a compact loom frame, and one 35 that will resist varied weather conditions. I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, the following: 1. A strand forming a device of the class described, comprising a frame, a hook at one end of 40 preferably constructed of wire, the sections of said frame, spaced twine supporting spindles which are spot-welded together to form the various elements constituting the loom frame- mounted on the other end of said frame, and ' twine tensioning means supported on the frame Referring more speci?cally to the drawing in 45 which the preferred form of the invention is dis-V closed, the loom frame comprises an upper Ashaped wire frame 5, having downbent sections or legs 6, and additional sections‘! inwardly bent as 50 the rug weaving art.‘ indicated at_8, and a cross brace section 9. A supporting loop I0 is formed at one end of the frame and is welded byan upright I I to the main frame 5 and additional supporting loops I! are welded to said frame at the opposite end thereof. Spool or ball supporting spindles l3 are formed 55 centrally of the loops l2 .as shown in Figures 2 between said spindles and said hook. 2. A strand forming device of the class de- 45 scribed, comprising a support, a strand support ing means at one end of said first named sup port, stationary twine supports ?xedly mounted on the other end of said support, and spaced twine tensioning means located between said 50 spindles and, said strand supporting means. 3. A device for forming a braid of textile ma terial from strands of twine or, the ‘like com; prising a frame, means supported by said frame for releasably holding the completed portion of 55 2 2,112,895 said braid, and guide means supported by the frame for holding the strands to be braided in spaced relationship and converging toward the portion of said hook facing substantially away ?rst of said means. 4. A device for forming a braid of textile ma terial from strands of twine or similar material said frame, two tensioning devices comprising comprising a frame, means supported by said frame for frictionally and releasably holding the strands for forming the braid in spacedrela 10 tion to each other and in angular relation to said braid being formed, and means also sup ported by said frame and spaced from the ?rst of said means for releasably holding the said braid. 15 5. A device for forming a braid of textile ma terial from strands of twine or the like com prising a frame, means supported by said frame for releasably holding the completed portion of said braid, at least one strand support mount 20 ed on said frame in spaced relation to said means, and tension means supportedby the frame for creating tension on that part of said strand be tween the ?rst of said means and said tension means and for holding the strands in spaced relation and converging toward the ?rst of said means. 6. A device for forming a braid of textile ma terial from strands of twine and rags, or the like, comprising a substantially A-shaped frame 30 formed of bent and welded wire, a hook also formed of bent wire secured to said frame sub stantially at the narrow end thereof, the open from the broad portion of said frame, a trans verse wire secured across the broad portion of pieces of wire secured to said‘transverse wire, 5 said tensioning devices being adapted and ar ranged to engage and releasably hold the strands of twine when said strands are passed there through, and to hold said strands substantially apart, and two upstanding spindles formed of 10 bent wire rigid with the broad portion of said frame. 7. A device for forming a braid of textile ma terial'from strands of twine and rags, or the like, comprising a substantially A-shaped frame formed of bent and welded wire, a wire hook secured substantially at the narrow end of said frame, the shank of said hook being welded to said frame, the open portion of said hook facing substantially away from the broad end of said 20 frame, a transverse .wire rigidly secured across the broad portion of said frame, tensioning de vices welded to said transverse wire, said ten sioning devices including two coiled pieces of wire spaced from one another, the coils of which 25 are adapted and arranged to engage the strands of twine when ‘said strands are passed there through, and two upstanding spindles also formed of bent wire rigidly secured to the broad portion of said frame. 30 ‘ THOMAS H. CLACK.