Патент USA US2112448код для вставки
March 29, 193s. I w. E. PORT 2,112,448 BOTTLE REFRIGERATING AND VENDING MACHINE Filed Feb. 17, 1957 ' 2 Shee‘tSj-Shee‘l l vMarch 29, 1938. 2,112,448 w. E. PORT BOTTLE REFRIGERATING AND VENDING MACHINE Filed Feb. v1’7, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 75 „9 no? l /03 Patented Mar. 29, 1938 2,112,448 _UNITED 'STATES PATENT OFFICE , ` 2,112,448 l BOTTLE REFRIGERATING lAND VENDING MA CHINE William E. Port, Richmond Heights, Mo., assignor to Coca. Cola Bottling Company, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Delaware Application February 17, 1937, Serial No. 126,125 5 Claims. (Cl. 312-36) This invention relates to vending machines, and with regard to certain more specific features, to automatic bottle refrigerating and Vending machines. ‘ Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision oT a vending ma chine of the class described, which is adapted to handle bottled beverages and the like, for dis pensing the same, which machine is equipped 10 with mechanism providing that the machine will dispense a bottle only upon the presentation of sponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.' Referring now more particularly to Figures l, 2 and 3, numeral I indicates the casing or en closure of the vending machine of the present Cl invention. This casing or enclosure I is prefer ably of a hollow-wall type of construction, as indicated in Fig. 3, the >hollow portions of the wall being filled with heat insulating material such as that indicated at numeral 3, at least in 10 the upper regions of the casing; The casing I is a coin of predetermined denomination thereto; of a generally rectangular, box-likey construction, the provision of a vending machine of the class described in which the said mechanism is unusu with the exception of a sloping face 5 provided 15 ally /simple in _construction and operation, and contains a minimum number of operating parts that are likely to get out of order; the provision, in a machine of the class described, of means whereby the machine' will receive a coin» for a 20 dispensing operation only when a bottle is avail across the front upper edge thereof. The sloping face 5 receives and mounts a double window 1,' 15 made of glass or some similar transparent mate rial, so that the interior of the casing may be seen. - - Internally, the casing I is divided into a rela tively large upper compartment 9 and a smaller able to bee-dispensed, and is in dispensing posi tion; the provision, in a vending machine of the class described of means whereby Anot more than lower compartment II. A partition I3, which, like the walls of the casing, is‘ preferably of vin one bottle may be dispensed for any one coin 9 and II. vIt is not important that the walls of the compartment II be of the heat insulating construction, because all refrigerating is donein the upper compartment 9. Access to the upper compartment 9 is pro‘ 25 presented; and the provision of a vending ma chine of the class described which is relatively simple and economical in construction and oper ation. Other objects will be in part obvious and in-part pointed out hereinafter. The invention accordingly comprises the ele 30 ments and combinations of elements, features of construction', and arrangements of parts which will be exempliñed -in the structures hereinafter sulated construction, separates the compartments ` vided by means of a horizontally hinged door I5 ` in the upper region of the back of the casing. 30 The door I5 is provided with a suitable handle and locking mechanism I'I whereby a supplier of the bottles to be vended can obtain access described, and the scope of the'application of to the interior of said compartment 9. Ordinarily, which lwill be indicated in the following claims. vthe back.of_ the compartment II is left open, as .In the accompanying drawings, in which is‘ indicated at numeral I6. Compartment II is _illustrated one‘of various possible embodiments usually provided with an empty bottle-receiving of the invention, ' - tray or box I1, that is inserted through the open- , f Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a vending machine 40 embodying the present invention; ` - ' Fig. 21s a side- elevation of the machine of zFig. 1; ~ ‘ Fla’. 3 is a vertical section taken substantially 45 ' s Fig. 4 is a fragmentary enlarged vertical 'sec tion of a delivery mechanism; _ bottles and deliver them into the box Il. f Inthe bottom_of the compartment 9, and rest ' `along line 3-3 of Fig. 1; ying I6. A chute I9 extends through the front of the -case I and is positioned to receive empt 40 > ~ Figures 5 and 6 are views similar to Fig. 4, Aing upon the partition I3, there is preferably pro- « Ivided a grill or like device 2 I, which provides regu >lax-'spaced openings or receptacles 23 for receiving ythe rbottlesvto be dispensed; indicated ~generally 45 .by lnumeral 25.Y Generally speaking, bottles 25 Aare delivered froml the compartment 9 through a illustrating successively advanced positions ofthe lchute 2l, which may be> opened for `the delivery ,of a bottle only upon the presentation of a coin Fig. '7 is a top_plan view of the mechanismof ' :of suitable denomination'to a coin control de 50 vice indicated generally by .numeral 29. The Fig. 8 is a, vertical section taken substantially lmanner in whichthe coin control device 29 and along line _l-l of Fig. 4. the chute 21 are constructed and operate 1s in- 1 Similar reference characters indicate corre dicated in greater detail hereinafter, and forms 55 mechanism; Fig.`4;`and,y . i ' ' . , I I , , ,. 2,112,448 ì 2. one of the principal objects of the present in- ' delivered. vention. Since the dispensed bottles are ordi narily wet from the refrigerating medium in the compartment 9, a pipe or tube 63 is preferably connected to the lower end of the basket 59 and brought back into the casing I at such a point Ul , In order to provide that the purchaser may move a bottle from one of the receptacles 23 into the inside top of chute 21, a manipulating device that it delivers the collected drippings of ice wa- A indicated generally by numeral 3| is provided. ter to an unobjectionable location (see Fig. 1). Extending upwardly from the upper edge of The manipulating device 3| comprises a ball 33 that is received in a universally swivelling joint 35 in the top of casing I. Slidably extending the tube 41 are a pair of ears 65 which serve to mount a pin 61, the axis of which is at right 10 angles to the axis of the tube 41. Swinging on the pin 61 is a trip member or gate 69, which comprises a flat camming portion 1| that ex tends through a slot 13 (see also Figures 5 and 6) into the interior of tube 41, and a stop member 15 proper indicated by numeral 15 at its opposite end. At a lower point on the tube 41, but still within casing I, a pair of studs 11 mounted on 10 through the center of the ball 33 is a handle or arm 31, the lower end of which carries a clamp comprising a pair of spring-pressed fingers 39. A purchaser need only stand outside of the box I and manipulate the outer end of the handle 31 so as to bring the clamp 39 around the neck of a bottle 25. The purchaser can observe his move ments through the window 1. He then pulls the handle 31 upwardly through the ball 33, diametrically opposite points of the outside of tube 41 serve to pivotally mount the opposite 20 sides of a U-shaped yoke 19. Numeral 8| indi cates a finger that projects downwardly from the central portion of the yoke 19, through the slot 13, and into the interior of the tube 41. Extend ing upwardly from the same portion of the yoke 25 swivels the ball through whatever angle is neces 20 sary, and deposits the bottle in the top of the chute 21. It is then a simple matter for him to disengage the clamps 39 from the neck of the bottle, and release the handle 31 for a subsequent dispensing operation. ~ If the purchaser then places his coin in the coin control device 29, and manipulates it in a manner hereinafter to be described, the bottle he has selected will be released and slide outwardly through the chute 21 to the portion thereof out 30 side the casing I, where the bottle is free to be lifted by the purchaser. A convenient accessory on the outside of the casing I comprises a bottle cap remover 4|, which includes a catch-all 43 for receiving the bottle caps removed. In ordinary operation, after all of the com 35 partments 23, or any desired number thereof, are ñlled with bottles 25, crushed ice or iced water or some similar refrigerating medium is filled into the compartment 9 until it establishes a 40 liquid level such as that indicated at numeral 45 25 in Fig. 3. are a pair of ears 85, which serve to mount a pin 81 for manipulative purposes hereinafter to be described. Gravity normally holds the gate member 69 so that the camming portion 1| thereof extends -30 across a substantial portion of the passage through tubes 41. Gravity likewise . normally holds the finger 8| of member 19 in position across the passage through tube 41. Both the members 1| and 8| extend sufficiently far into 35 the tube 41 that it is impossible for a bottle 25 to slide down the tube 41 without pushing both members 1| and 8| aside. The coin controlled device 29 will readily be recognized, from Figures 4, 5 and 6, as being, 40 basically, of the slide type. It comprises a track The bottles 25 are thus all chilled, or refrigerated, during the time that they await dis pensing. The constructions of the chute 21 and coin 45 control device 29, and the manner of their co operation, are indicated in Figures 4 through 8, inclusive, to which attention is now directed. The chute 21 comprises a tubular section 41, which is of sufficient internal diameter to freely 50 pass a bottle 25. The tube 21 is mounted in the walls of the casing in a sloping manner, as in dicated in Fig. 4, so that its inner end is sum ciently higher than its outer end, that the force of gravity always tends to make a bottle slide 55 down the chute to the outer end thereof. At its upper end, the tubular portion 41 turns slightly upwardly, as indicated at numeral 49, and a portion of the tube, indicated at numeral 5|, is removed, in order to provide room for "certain 60 operating mechanisms to be described. The up per end of the section 49 is normally open, so that it may receive the bottom of a bottle Ipre sented to the chute. , y ` Closing the lower end of the tube 41, at the 65 point that it emerges through the walls 3 of casing I, is a closure 53 that is freely pivoted on a pin 55 mounted in ears 51 extending upwardly from the tube 41. Gravity normally holds the closure 53 shut, but said closure is free to rotate 70 away from the end of tube 41 whenever a bottle comes down the chute. Also attached to the lower end of the tube 41 is a cradle or bottle receiving device indicated generally by numeral 59. The lower end 6| of this cradle 59 is closed, in order to check the advance of a bottle being 89 in which slides a bar 9|, the bar 9| being pro vided with a handle 93 at its outer end. A spring pressed finger 95 is mounted on ears 91 raised from the track 89. The slide 93 contains a hole 45 of suitable diameter to receive the predetermined denomination of coin. The coin is placed in the hole flat-wise, in a manner such that it forms a substantial continuation of the slide 9|. If a coin is present in the slide 9| when the handle 50 93 is pushed inwardly, so as to make the slide 9| slide inwardly in the track 89, the finger 95 slides freely over the surface of the coin and move ment of the slide member 93 is not impeded. However, if no coin is present in the hole, as soon 55 as the hole reaches the finger 95, the finger 95 falls therein, and prevents further sliding move ment of the slide 9| in the track 89. Numeral 99 indicates an extension that is se cured to the rear end of the slide 9| . The exten 60 sion 99 has a downwardly turned end |9|, to which is hooked one end of a tension spring |99. The other end of the tension spring |99 is fas tened to the wall 3 (see Fig. '1) the tension spring |93 thus serving to tend to return the slide 9| 65 to its outwardly extended position after each manipulation of the device.~ Secured to the underside of the slide 9| is a cam plate indicated generally by numeral |95. At its rearmost edge, the cam plate |95 has a notch |91, 70 which receives the portion 15 o1' swingable gate 59. An intermediate portion of the cam plate |95 is provided with a substantially horizontal notch |99, while the forward portion of the cam plate |95 is provided with a substantially vertical notch 3 2,112,448 I||. The bottom edge |I3 of the cam plate |05 ahead of the notch I I | is higher than the bottom edge ||5 of said plate |05 ahead of the notch I Il, for reasons hereinafter to be made clear. A sheet metal cover ||1 (see Figures 4 and 8) " v normally incloses all moving parts' of the mecha aside the cover 53 and presenting itself to the purchaser in the cradle or basket 59._ Fig. 6 indi cates the position of the elements at this stage of operation. It will now be seen that the purpose of the notch |09 in the cam plate |05 is to receive or pass the ’pin 61, s6 that said pin does not oiïer nism inside the box, leaving, however, a suilicient _an obstruction to the rearward movement of the opening over’the upper end of tube section 49 to receive a bottle, in the manner indicated in Fig. 4. 10 'I'he cover ||1 is preferably mounted on angle brackets or like members ||9 secured to the in side wall of the casing. . y ' The operation of the coin controlled device is such that it normally delivers, or drops the coin whichhas been fed to it, in a regionintermediate between the two walls of the casing, such region being indicated in Fig. 4 by numeral |2|. The region |2| is accordingly left hollow in the casing, 20 and a chute |23 (see also Fig. 8) is provided be tween the walls leading from said region |2| to the opening |25 of a coin-receiving -box |21. Locking means is provided von the handle I1, in order that the .door may be opened and accessl 25 t'o the box |21 may be had only by a duly author `ized representative provided with a key. The operation of the coin-controlled delivery 15 chute mechanism as thus described is as follows: Figure 4 indicates the normal, or non-operating It will be -seen that the portion 15 of gate element 69 interlocks 30 position of all of the elements. with the notch |01 in the rear end'of cam plate |05 attached to coin slide 9|. 'I'his is true only so long as no bottle is present in the upper end ofthe chute 21. If a purchaser now places a coin in the slide 9|, in an attempt to manipulate the same, he will ñnd that the coin control mecha nism 29 will not slide -backwardly, or receive his coin, because of this engagement of the member 40 15- with the notch |01. This action prevents the device from receiving a coin without at the same time deliveringa bottle in exchange therefore, in the manner hereinafter to bedescribed. In this manner, receiving of coins by the device after 45 the supply of refrigerated bottles has been ex hausted, is prevented. ' It, however, the purchaser, by manipulating the -handle 31 in the manner described, has placed a bottle 25 in the upper end of the chute 21, then 50 this bottle will, under the force of gravity, slide down the tubular portion 41 until its bottom abuts the finger 8|. In so doing, it will push aside the cam portion 1| of gate element 69, and the various elements will then assume the position indicated 55 in Fig. 5. ` V By reference to Fig. 5. it will be seen that the bottle 25 has pushed aside'the camming portion 1| of element 69, and in so doing has rotated said element 69 on the pin 61 to withdraw the portion 60 15 from engagement with the notch |01. Gravity, alone, however, will not push aside the finger 8|, because the pin 81 on projecting ears `85 engages the lower edge H9 of cam plate |05. However, if the purchaser now places his coin in the slide 9|, 65 and provided the coin is of a suitable denomina tion, the slide 9| can be pushed rearwardly in the track '89, because the portion 15 no longer engages the obstructing notch |01. _As the slide 9| pro gresses rearwardly, it carries withit the camming 70 plate |05, and soon the pin~81 comes into juxta position with notch ||| and is forced to slide up“ wardlyin said notchA |||, thus rotating the yoke 19 on studs 11 and pulling the finger 8| out of the i -Way of the bottle 25. The bottle 25 is now free to travel on in the tube 41, and it does so, pushing slide 9|. - ` By reference to Fig. 6, it will be seen that a second bottle cannot now be delivered to the open 10 inner end of the chute 21 for delivery, because the extension 99 mounted on the slide 9| forms a gate or bar across the opening of receiving end 49 of the chute 21. This position of the elements makes it impossible, foi` example, for a purchaser 15 , to surreptitiously position a second bottle in the chute for delivery merely upon the presentation of one coin. On the contrary, it is necessary that the slide 9| be released and permitted to return to its Fig. 4, or extended position, before another bottle can be placed in the chute 21. And then, to secure delivery of the said second bottle, it is necessary to go through the manipulation of placing a second coin in the slide 9|, and to repeat all of the operations hereinbefore described. 'I'he 25 dimensioning of the various parts of the apparatus is' such that the finger, or gate 8| cannot be with drawn from position until the said extended por tion 99 of the slide 9| is in location to prevent the 30 insertion of a second bottle into the chute. It will accordingly be seen that the broad func _tion of the various devices heretofore described 'I'he pivoted gate member 69 is for the purpose of preventing 4the operation of the . is as follows: coin control mechanism 29 until a bottle is in 35 position for delivery. If no bottle is available 'in the cooling chamber 9 of the device, obviously, then, the device will not receive any money. 'I'he gate 8| prevents the delivery of a bottle in the chute until the coin of the proper denomination has been placed in the coin control mechanism 29, and said mechanism has been suitably actu ated.. The extending portion 99 of the slide 9| constitutes a second gate, which, by ‘the very operation of releasing the ñrst gate 8|, locks the chute 21 so that a second bottle cannot be deliv ered until the entire sequence of operation has been repeated. e 'I'he chute 21„ is thus, in eifect, equipped with _ two gates, comprising the gate `8| and the ex tension 99. At no time during -the operation of the device' are both-of these gates open at the same time. Normally, the gate 8| is closed and the gate 99 is open. To deliver a bottle, the gâte 8| opens and the gate .99,c10ses.v And, further more, manipulation of any of the moving parts ofthe device is impossible until a bottle has been _l positioned to be delivered, because of the 'action of the device 69 in the manner heretofore de scribed. _ . It will be obvious that upon suitable changes of size and proportion andl shape of the lvarious parts, the dispensing mechanism herein de scribed may be adapted-for the vending of arti 65 cles other` than bottles. ` In view of the above, it will be seen that theL ` several'objects. of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained. ' 70 As many changes could be made in carrying . out the >above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter- contained in the above descrip tion or shown in the accompanying drawings u 2,112,448 4 shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. I claim: 1. In a dispensing device, a tubular chute, means supporting said chute in a sloping man ner, said chute having a receiving mouth at the upper end thereof and a delivery mouth at the lower end thereof, means pivoted on said chute and having a projection extending through a slot 10 in said chute, said projection, in its normal po sition, constituting an obstruction to the passage of articles through said chute, manually actuat able sliding means mounted above said chute, said sliding means having a retracted "position 15 and an extended position, means extending from said sliding means which, when said sliding means is in its extended position, extends across the receiving mouth of said chute and constitutes an obstruction preventing the insertion of arti 20 cles into said chute, said ‘sliding means also hav ing means thereon cooperating with said pivoted means, whereby when said sliding means moves from its retracted position to its extended posi tion, it withdraws said projection from obstruct 25 ing position within said chute, said sliding means, in its retracted position, holding said pro jection in obstructing position across said chute. 2. In a dispensing device, a tubular chute, means supporting said chute in a sloping man 30 ner, said chute having a receiving mouth at the upper end thereof and a delivery mouth at the lower end thereof, means pivoted on said chute and having a projection extending through a slot in_ said chute, said projection, in its normal po sition, constituting an obstruction to the pas sage of articles through said chute, manually ac 'tuatable sliding means mounted above said chute, said sliding means having a retracted po sition and an extended position, means extend 40 ing from said sliding means which, when said sliding means is in its extended position, extends lacross the receiving mouth of said chute and constitutes an obstruction preventing the inser tion of articles into said chute, said sliding means 45 also having means thereon cooperating with said pivoted means, whereby when said sliding means moves from its retracted position to its extended position, it withdraws said projection from ob structing position within said chute, the said last named means comprising a vertical camming plate extending from the said sliding means and adapted to engage a projection extending up wardly from said pivoted means, said sliding means, in its retracted position, holding said 55 ñrst-named projection in obstructing position across‘said chute. ' 3. In a dispensing device, a tubular chute, means supporting said chute‘in a sloping man ner, said chute having a receiving mouth at' the upper end thereof and a delivery mouth at the lower end thereof, means pivoted on said chute ing means moves from its retracted position to its extended position, it withdraws said projec tion from obstructing position within said chute, and a locking device pivotally mounted on said chute and having one portion adapted to engage DI saidl sliding means and another portion adapted to project into said chute, said locking device being adapted to be rotated to a position such that it does not obstruct the movement of said slide, when an article is in said chute in position 10 to be delivered, said sliding means, in its re tracted position, holding said projection in ob structing position across said chute. 4. In a dispensing device, a tubular chute, means supporting said chute in a sloping manner, said chute having a receiving mouth at the upper end thereof and a delivery mouth at the lower end thereof, means pivoted on said chute and having a projection extending through a slot in said chute, said projection, in its normal position, con 20 stituting an obstruction to the passage of articles through said chute, manually actuatable sliding means mounted above said chute, said sliding means having a retracted position and an ex tended position, a: portion of said sliding means, 25 when in its,extended position extending across the receiving mouth of said chute and constitut ing an obstruction preventing the insertion of articles into said chute, said. sliding means also having means thereon cooperating with said piv 30 oted means, whereby when said sliding means moves from its retracted position to its extended position, it withdraws said projection from ob structing position within said chute, and a lock ing device pivotally mounted on said chute and having one portion adapted to engage said sliding means and another portion adapted to project into said chute, said locking device being adapted to be rotated to a position such that it does not obstruct the movement of said slide, when an 40 article is in said chute in position to be delivered, but, under the force of gravity, to assume a posi tion obstructing movement of said sliding means when no article is in the chute in position for delivery, and sliding means, in its retracted »posi 45 tion, holding said projection in obstructing posi tion across said chute. y ' 5. In a dispensing device, a tubular chute, means supporting said chute in a sloping manner, said chute having a receiving mouth at the upper 50 end thereof and a delivery mouth at the lower end thereof, means pivoted on said chute and having a projection extending through a slot in said chute, said projection, in its normal position, constituting an obstruction to the passage of 55 articles through said chute, manually actuatable sliding means mounted above said chute, said sliding means having a normal retracted position and an extended position, means extending‘from said sliding means which, when said sliding means 60 in its extended position, extends across the re and having a projection extending through a slot ceiving mouth of said chute and constitutes an obstruction -preventing the insertion of articles in said chute, said projection,’in its normal posi tion, constituting an obstruction to the passage y into said chute, said sliding means also having means thereon cooperating with said 'pivoted 65 of articles through said chute, manually actuat able sliding means mounted above said chute, means, whereby when said sliding means moves said sliding means having a retracted position from its'retracted position to its extended posi tion, it withdraws said projection from obstruct and an extended position, a portion of said slid ing position within said chute, said chute also ing means, when in ,its extended position, ex tending across the‘receiving mouth of said chute being provided with a non-obstructing closure at 70 70 and constituting an obstruction preventing the insertion of articles into said chute, said sliding means. also having means thereon cooperating with said pivoted means, whereby when said slid-` its lower, delivery end, said sliding means, in its retracted position, holding said projection in ob structing position across said chute; ‘ WILLIAM E. PORT.