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Патент USA US2112451

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March 29, 1938.
w. F. BEST ET A1.
Iv
.
2,112,451
STACKING AND NESTVING BOX OR/BBCEPTACIJE
Filed Aug. 2:5, 193'?
2 Sheets-Shes
1
ATTORNEYS
March 29', 1938.
2,112,451
w. F. BEST ET AL
STAICKING AND NESTING BOX OR HECEPTACLE
, Filed Aug. 25, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
M.
V
l
2
‘
INVENTOR.
BY
5717?”
/ /0/77 //
6/776’?
M
2,112,451
Patented Mar. 29-, 1938 .
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,112,451
STACKING AND NESTING BOX OR
RECEPTACLE
winch F. m: and W'i?iam Kremer, Grand
Rapids, Mich. ’
,
>
Application August 23, 1937, Serial No. 160,408
17 Claims.
The main objects of this invention are:
(Cl. 229-44)
trated, the side walls I, ,L and walls 2, 2 and hot‘- j ,
First, to provide a covered stacking. or nesting ‘ tom 3 are formed of ?berboard. In the struc
box which when the covers are open permits'com
ture illustrated, the walls are ‘inclined outwardly
10
pact nesting and when the covers are closed per
or the box istapered to. permit nesting. The rim
mits effective stacking.
side and end pieces 4 and 5 are arranged on the ‘5_
,
Second, to provide a receptacle having these
advantages in which when the covers are open
they are so positioned as not to obstruct-the plac
?xedly secured together by rivets indicated con
, ing of articles in or removal from the receptacle'
ventionally at r6. The boxes are further/rein
outer sides of the walls with their‘ 'upper edges’
substantially ?ush therewith, and the‘ bottoms
Third, to provide a structure embodying these forced‘by the angled corner brackets 'I‘. . Bottom 10
advantages which is light in weight and at the - slots 8 are provided to reinforce the bottom and
same time strong and durable. v
provide runners and wear pieces.
1
Fourth, to provide a covered receptacle adapted
for nesting and stacking with'other similar re
15 ceptacles which is very easy to manipulate in the
matter of opening and closing the covers, the
stacking of a group of receptacles and the nesting
of a group of receptacles.
_
Fifth, to provide a structure of this charac
ter which is quite simple and economical in its
parts.
Objects relating to details and economies of
the invention will appear'from the description to
The cover'comprises a pair 'of cover members
designated generally by the numeral 9, these
cover members in the embodiment illustrated be- 15
ing formed of panels‘ of veneer with metal edge
bindings I0 folded over and secured to the edgesv
of the panel, theseyedge bindings being of chan-'
nel cross-section to receive the edges of the panel.
The inner edge binding of one of ,the cover 20
members is provided with an‘ outwardly o?set
?ange II which overlaps the other cover; mem
ber when the covers are closed, as shown in Figs.
1 and 5, and closes the joint between the cover
'
'
members. It also serves as a weight-sustaining 25
2.5 in the claims.
Preferred embodiments of the invention are member when a load is upon the‘closed cover,
illustrated in the accompanying ‘drawings, in_ such for' example as a superimposed box or a
which:
series of boxes.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a structure em-.
The cover members are of such dimensions as
30 bodying the features of our invention with-the - when closed they rest upon the edges of the re-_ 30
covers closed. .
'
‘
.
ceptacle so- that any- load upon the cover meme
follow. The invention is de?ned and pointed out
Fig. 2 is a perspective, view ‘with the covers hers is sustained by the receptacle directly and
open.
Fig. 3 is an enlargedfragmentary perspective
35 view illustrating one of the covers in partially '
open position.
not \by'thehinged members or the hinge con
nections.
'
The cover members are-hinged to the receptacle 35'
‘so that they may be swung down to a substantial
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view partial-' , ly vertical collapsed position‘ at the side of the
ly in section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
receptacle when open as shown in Fig. 2 in which
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary transverse section of a position they'leave the box fully open for the
40 pair of receptacles in stacked relation.‘
'
Fig. 6 is an end, elevation ofa group oi.’ recap‘
~ tacles ‘in, nested relation. '
45
insertion or'removal of its contents, and when
the‘ covers are closed the receptacle is completely
closed or covered.v
'
.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view mainly in sec
. In the’ preferred embodiment of our invention
tion of a modified form orembodiment of our‘ as shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, the hinge mem-_
invention.
-
-
_
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspective .viewof an
other modi?ed form of the hinge member and
stacking
lug.
..
v
'
‘
.
Fig. 9;, is a fragmentary end elevation of ‘an;
50' other modi?cation or embodimentof the inven
tion showing a pair of receptacles in stacking
bers designated generally by thenumeral I! are. 45
of bail-like form and are provided with angled
arms l3 terminating in- inturned pintles I‘.
These pintles are engaged in holes l5 provided
therefor in the comer brackets and project into
recesses IS in the side rails which are aligned 50
with the pintle holes. The cross-pieces ll of
these bail-like hinge members are‘ disposed across
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary view partially in sec- ' the tops of the cover members‘ and secured there-1
relation.
-
-
tion on line ill-l0 of Fig. 9. “
‘
‘
,
V
In the embodiment of the invention as illus
to by the clip-like" hinge plates or knuckle mem- '
bers [8, the point of attachment being substan 55
2
2,112,451
Having thus described our invention, what we
claim as new and desire to'secure by Letters Pat
tially spaced from the edges of the cover mem
bers.
The pintles are close to the sides so that
with this arrangement, hinge arms of substantial
length are provided which permits the cover
members being swung down to a substantially
vertical collapsed position with the major por
ent, is:
tions of the cover members below the top of the
the side and end walls and secured thereto, an
receptacle.
gled corner brackets secured to said side and end
'
rim pieces, the end lapping arms of the corner
irons‘ having pintle holes therein adjacent the 10
angles thereof, the side rim pieces having re
cesses aligned with the pintle holes, complemen
tary cover members comprising panels of ?brous
,material with surrounding metal edge bindings,
The cover members of a group or a plurality
10 of nested boxes as shown in Fig. 6 are supported
in telescoping overlapping relation. The covers
may be readily manipulated from their open ‘to
closed position.
For shipping and delivery purposes, it is fre
the inner edge binding of one of the members
15 quently desirable to provide seals for the boxes
having an outwardly o?set joint ?ange overlap
and this in the embodiment illustrated comprises
a pair of coacting members l9 and 20 having eyes
adapted to receive the seal 2|. Other forms of
ping the other cover member when the cover is
closed,.the cover members when closed resting
upon the upper edges of the side and end rim
latches may be provided if desired.
20
pieces, bail-like hinge’ members having angled 20
To facilitate the stacking of a series or group
of these covered receptacles with the covers
arms with inturned pintles at their ends en
gaged in said pintle holes of said corner brackets
and projecting into said rim recesses, the cross
portions of ' said hinge members being disposed
across the tops of the cover members, and clip 25
like knuckle members engaging said cross por
closed, I provide pivot plates 18 with upwardly
projecting lugs 22 with which the outer’bottom
slats or runners 8 engage.
-
1. The combination with a tapered receptacle
comprising side and end walls of ?berboard, side
and end rim pieces disposed on the outer sides of
These are extensions
25 of the plates so that the superimposed boxes are
easily positioned and are not likely to slip o? even
during transportation where there is. consider
tions of said hinge‘ members for pivotally connect
‘ able swaying or rocking or jolting of the vehicle.
ing the cover members thereto, ‘s'aid knuckle
members‘ having upwardly projecting positioning
To prevent the superimposed boxes slipping end
30 wisejthe angles of the hinge arms are arranged
to project, abovethe plane of the covers, as is
clearly illustrated in Figs. 1 and 4.
In the modi?cation shown in Fig. '7, the cross
piece I‘! is arranged on the under side of the
35 cover members and in ‘this embodiment the hinge
plates 23 are arranged on the under side while,
the positioning lugs 24 are arranged on the up
' per side. To receive the cross-piece of the hinge
members, the edges of the end walls are notched
40 at 25 so that even though they are on the under
side of the covers, the covers do not rock thereon.
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 8, the hinge
arms 26 are provided with pintles 21 and 28 at
lugs for a superimposed box, the receptacles being 30
provided with bottom cleats coacting with said
knuckle members for laterally positioning a su
perimposed receptacle, the angles of the hinge
members projecting above the plane of the top
members when the cover is closed and constitut
35
ing retaining members for a superimposed box,
the cover members being supported by the hinge
members so that they may be collapsed at the
sides of the receptacle when opened and sup
ported in telescoping overlapping relation with 40
cover members of other receptacles when a pin
rality of. the receptacles are nested.
2. The combination with a tapered receptacle
the ends thereof, the pintle 21 being engaged in comprising sideand end walls of ?berboard, side
" the corner iron 29 while the pintle 28 is engaged and end rim pieces disposed on the outer sides of 45
in a hinge plate “secured over )the edge of the I the side and end walls and secured thereto, angled
cover member so that the pintle or pivot 28 is in
the plane‘ of the cover member instead of being
above or below it. The hinge plate 30 is provided
50 with an upwardly projecting positioning lug 3i
with which the runner or bottom cleat may be
engaged as indicated at 32 in Fig. 9.
-
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 9, the hinge
arm 33 is angled and projects above the plane
55 of the cover members to serve as an end stop or
positioning means for a superimposed receptacle.
Our improved nesting receptaclehas the ad- '
vantage of being quickly closed or opened. When
open, free access to the inside is a?orded. A con
60 siderable ‘number of receptacles ' may be com»
pact‘ly nested with relatively little addition to the transverse dimensions of the box. The closed re
_ ceptacles may be stacked and are provided with
means for retaining them in stacked relation and
65 ‘insuring proper positioning of the superimposed
receptacles so that there is little likelihood of
the stacks toppling or~ the stacked receptacles
' becoming displaced.
We have illustrated and described our improve
70 ments in embodiments which we consider very
practical. We have ‘not attempted to illustrate
corner brackets secured to said side and end rim
pieces, the end lapping arms of the corner brack
ets having pintle holes therein adjacent the
angles thereof, the side rim pieces having re 60
cesses aligned with the pintle holes, complemen
tary cover members comprising panels of ?brous
material with surrounding metal edge bindings,
the inner edge binding of one of the members
having an outwardly o?set joint ?ange over 55
lapping the other cover member when the cover
is closed, the cover members when closed resting
upon the upper edges-oi‘ the side and end rim
pieces, bail-like hinge members having arms with
inturned pintles at their ends engaged in said
pintle holes of said comer brackets and project
ing into said- rim recesses, the‘ cross portions of
said hinge members being disposed across the
tops of the‘ cover members, and knuckle mem
bers engaging said cross portions of said hinge 05
members for pivotally connecting the cover
members thereto. the cover members being sup
ported‘by the hinge members so that they may
be collapsed at the sides of the receptacle when
opened and supported in telescoping overlapping 70’
relation with cover‘members of other receptacles
when a plurality of the receptacles are nested.
3. The combination with a tapered receptacle
. skilled inthe art to embody or adapt‘our im-‘ comprising side and end walls of ?berboard, side
and\end rim' pieces disposed on the outer sides
76 provements as may be: desired.
other embodiments which we contemplate as it is
believed that this disclosure will enable those
to
3
2,112,451,. _
of the side and end walls and secured'thereto, to a collapsed position at the sides of the re
angled corner brackets secured to said side and ceptacle when opened and supported in telescop
end rim pieces, complementary cover membersv ing overlapping relation with cover members of
other resceptacles when a plurality of the re
comprising panels of ?brous material with sur
ceptacles are nested..
’
.
rounding metal edge bindings, the cover mem
6. The combination with a receptacle shaped
bers when closed resting upon the upper edges
of the side and end rim pieces, bail-like hinge
members having angled arms with inturned
pintles at their ends engaged with said corner
10 brackets, the cross portions of said hinge mem
bers being disposed across the tops of the cover
members, and ‘clip-like knuckle members en
for nesting with other similar receptacles, of'cover
members, bail-like hinge members having their
arms pivoted on said ‘receptacle, the cross‘ por
tions of said hinge membersbeing disposed across 10
the cover members, and knucklefmembers engag
ing said cross portions of ‘said hinge members‘
‘for pivotally connecting the cover members
thereto, the cross portions of said hinge mem
bers being in substantially spaced relation to the 15
gaging said cross portions of said hinge mem
bers for pivotally connecting the cover members
15 thereto, said knuckle members having upwardly edges of ~thecover members which lie parallel
projecting positioning lugs for a superimposed
box, the receptacles being provided with bottom thereto, the cover members being supported by
cleats coacting with said knuckle members for
‘laterally positioning a superimposed receptacle,
20 the angles of the hinge members projecting above
the hinge‘ members, so that they can be swung
on said hinge members to a collapsed position
at the sides of the receptacle when opened and 20
the'plane of the top members when the cover is supported in telescoping overlapping relation
closed and constituting retaining members for a with cover members of other receptacles when a
plurality of the receptacles are nested.
superimposed box,-the cover members being sup
7. The combination with a receptacle shaped
ported by the hinge members so that they may be
collapsed at the sides of the receptacle when for nesting with other similar receptacles, and 25
opened and supported in telescoping overlapping ' provided with angled corner brackets, cover
relation with ,cover members of other receptacles members, the cover‘members when closed resting
whema. plurality of the receptacles are nested. upon the upper edges of the side and end rim
4. The combination with a tapered receptacle pieces, hinge members having angled arms with
30
30 comprising side and end walls of ?berboard, side inturned pintles atwtheir ends pivoted in said
and end rim pieces disposed on the'outer sides of corner brackets, and knuckle members pivotally
the side and end walls and secured thereto, angled connecting said hinge members to the cover
corner brackets secured to said side and end rim members at points spaced from the edges thereof,
said knuckle members constituting ‘positioning
pieces, complementary cover members compris
ing panels of ?brous material with surrounding means for a superimposed box, the angles of the 35
v35 metal edge bindings,‘ the cover members when hinge members projecting above the plane of the
closed resting upon the upper edges of the side top members when the cover is closed and con
stituting positioning members for a superimposed
and end rim pieces, bail-like hinge membershav
box, the cover members being supported by the
ing arms with inturned pintles at their ends en
hinge members so that they maybe collapsed, 40
40 gaged with said corner brackets, the cram por
tions of said hinge members being disposed across at the sides of the receptacle when opened and
the tops of the cover members, and knuckle supported in telescoping overlapping ‘relation
members engaging said cross portions of said with cover members of other receptacles when a
hinge members for pivotally connecting the cover plurality of the receptacles are nested.
8. The combination with a receptacle shaped 46
vthereto, the cross portions of said hinge
45 members
members being in substantially spaced relation for nesting with other similar receptacles, and
to the edges of the cover members which lie provided with angled corner brackets, cover mem
bers, the cover members when closed resting upon
parallel thereto, the cover members being sup
ported by the hinge members so that they may the upper edges of the side and end rim pieces,
be swung on said hinge members to a collapsed hinge members having arms with inturned 50
50 position at the sides of the receptacle when pintles at their ends pivoted in said corner brack
opened and supported in telescoping overlapping
relation with cover members o'f_ other receptacles
when a plurality of the receptacles are nested.
5. The combination with a receptacle shaped
55 for nesting,with_ other similar receptacles, of
cover members, bail-like hinge members having
angled arms pivoted on said receptacles, the cross
ets, and knuckle members pivotally connecting
said hinge members to the cover .members at -
points spaced from the edges thereof, the cover
members being supported by the hinge mem 65
bers so that they may be collapsed at the sides
of the receptaclev when opened and supported in
telescoping overlapping relation with cover mem-,
portions of said hinge members being disposed. bers of other receptacles when a plurality of the
60
'
'
60 across the cover members, and knuckle members receptacles are nested.
engaging'said cross portions of said hinge mem
r
9. The combination with a receptacle, of cover
bers for pivotally connecting the cover members
members, hinge arms pivotally mounted on said
thereto, the cross portions‘of said hinge members receptacle in opposed pairs and pivotally con
being in substantially spaced relation to the edges nected to the cover members by pivot members,
of the cover members which lie parallel thereto, I said pivot members having upwardly‘ projecting
.65 said knuckle member having positioning lugs for
positioning lugs for a superimposed box, the
a superimposed box,_ the receptacles being pro
hinge arms being conformed to project above the
-70
vided with bottom cleats coacting with said
knuckle members for positioning a superimposed
receptacle, the angles of the'hinge members pro
jecting above the plane of the top members when
the cover is closed and constituting ‘positioning
members fora superimposed ‘box, the cover mem—
bers being supported by "the hinge members so
that ‘they can be lswungeon said hinge members
plane of the cover members when the covers are
closedv to, constitute positioning members, the
hinge members being of such length as to per 7-0
mit' the cover members bei- swung when opened
to a position at the sides 01' the receptacle.
10. The combination with a receptacle, of cover
members, and hinge arms pivotally mounted on‘
said receptacle in opposed pairs and pivotally 75 v
I
4
2,1 12,45 1 ‘
connected to the cover members, the hinge arms
being conformed to project above the plane of
the receptacle when opened and supported in
telescoping overlappingrelation with the cover
the cover members when the covers are closed to
members of other receptacles of a group.
constitute positioning members, the hinge arms
14.‘ The combination with a receptacle shaped
for nesting with/other similar receptacles, of com
plementary cover members adapted when closed
to rest upon the'upper edges of the receptacle,
being of such length as ‘to permit the cover mem
bers being swung when opened to a position at
the sides of the receptacle.
-11. The combination with areceptacle, of cover
members, and hinge arms pivotally mounted on
10 said receptacle in opposed pairs and pivotally
,
and hinge arms pivotaily mounted on said re
ceptacle adjacent the corners thereof and piv
otally connected to- the cover members at points 10
connected to the cover members by pivot mem
substantially spaced from the edges thereof
bers, said pivot members having upwardly pro
jecting positioning lugs for a superimposed box,
whereby the cover members may be collapsed
when opened at the sides of the receptacle and
supported in telescoping overlapping relation to
the hinge arms being of such length as to permit
the cover members being swung when opened to
a position at the sides of the receptacle.
'
12. The combination with a receptacle shaped
for nesting with other similar receptacles, of
cover members adapted when closed to rest upon,
20 the upper edges of the receptacle, and hinge arms
pivotally mounted on said receptacle and piv
otally connected to said cover members at points
substantially spaced from the edges thereof which
are in parallel relation to the pivots of the hinge
members, the cover members beingprovided with
positioning means for a superimposed box, the
cover members being supported by the hinge arms
so that they may be swung on said arms to a
the cover members of other receptacles of a nested 15
group.
_
,
'
15. The combination with alreceptacle adapted
for nesting with other similar receptacles, ‘01’
cover members, and hinge arms pivotaily mount
ed on said receptacle in opposed pairs and piv 20
otally connected to the tops of the cover mem
bers, the hinge arms being of such length as to
permit the cover members being swung when
opened to a position at the side of the receptacle.
16. The combination with a receptacle, of com
plementary cover members, and opposed pairs 01'
hinge arms pivotaily mounted on said receptacle
and pivotally connected to the cover members
collapsed position at the sides of the receptaclev at points spaced from the edges thereof so that
when opened and supported in telescoping oven
the cover members may be swung to a vertical '
lapping relation with the cover members of other position at the sides of the receptacle, the major
receptacles of a group.
portion of the cover members being below the
13. The combination with a receptacle-shaped top of the receptacle.
,
for nesting with other similar‘ receptacles, of
17. The' combination with a receptacle, of
cover members adapted when closed to rest upon cover members, and hinge arms pivotally mount
the upper edges of the receptacle, and hinge arms ed on said receptacle and pivotally connected
pivotally mounted on said receptacle and piv
otaliy connected to said cover members at points
substantially spaced from the edges thereof which
40 are in parallel relation to the pivots ‘of the hinge
members, the cover members being supported by
the hinge arms so that they may be swung on
said arms to a collapsed position at the. sides of
to the cover members at points substantially
spaced from the edges thereof which are in paral
lel relation to the pivots of the hinge arms where
by the cover- members may be collapsed when
‘opened at the sides of the receptacle.
WILSON F. BEST.
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