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Патент USA US2112579

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March 29, 1938.,
?
E. H? SCHANE
'
2,112,579
AWNING RECESS
Filed June 24, 1935
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
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ATTORNEYS
March 29, 1938.
?2,112,579
E.- H. SCHANE
AWNING ?RECESS
Filed-June 24, 1935
s Sheets-Sheet 2 I
56.7
1N VENTOR.
fbwA?o f1 Sc/MNE
BY
YA'ITORNEYQ?
Patented Mar. 29, 1938
2,112,579
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,112,579
AWNING RECESS
Edward H. Schane, Lakewood, Ohio, assignor to
The Fanner Manufacturing Company,? Cleve
land, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application June 24, 1935, Serial No. 28,103
6 Claims. (01. 268-1)
The present invention relates to an awning re
cess in a building, within which the awning is
supported and into which it is adapted to be re
tracted when not in use, and more particularly
to a closure for such a recess and a means for
supporting and operating the same.
The object of the present invention is the pro
vision of a novel closure for an awning recess,
including means for operating the same which
can be readily operated to open and close the
recess and is applicable to recesses of any length.
The invention resides in certain novel details
of construction and combinations and arrange
A closure is provided for the awning recess in
the form of a door II ?xed to a shaft l2 rotat
ably supported in a plurality of brackets or hooks
l3 bolted or otherwise secured to the ceiling of 519
the awning recess. The door llv may be secured
to the shaft I2 in any conventional manner. As
illustrated the door is spaced from the shaft a
description of the preferred embodiments thereof
described with reference to the accompanying
drawings, in which
threaded into tapped apertures in the member
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a portion of a
building provided with an awning recess em
M. The shaft I2 is adapted to be rotated in
'20
either direction to open and close the door
bodying the present invention.
through the medium of a worm and wormwheel
drive, and a shaft I?! provided with a hook I 8
'
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 with "the door
25
short shaft 8 provided with a hook 9 ?adapted to be
engaged by a winding brace (not shown), but, if @5
desired, may be driven by an electric motor, etc.
short distance and secured thereto through the
mediumof a plurality of clamp members M. The ;15
members 14 are clamped to the shaft l2 by bolts
[5 and the door is secured thereto by machine
ments of parts, and other objects and advan
tages thereof will be apparent to those skilled in
the art to which it pertains from the following
20
either direction for the purpose of lowering or
raising the awning in a manner well known in
the art. As illustrated, this means comprises a
or closure .for the awning recess open.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged, detailed view of a por
adapted to receive a winding brace (not shown).
The shaft I1 is rotatably supported in a bracket ,
l9 bolted to the end wall of the awning recess
tion of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a View similar to Fig. 3 but showing a
modi?ed construction.
Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.
'30
Fig. '7 is .a view similar to Fig. 4 but showing
Referring to the drawings, wherein similar
reference characters designate corresponding
?parts ?throughout the several views, the reference
character A designates a building generally,
which may be of any conventional construction.
The building A is provided with a rectangular
awning recess B within which an awning is sup
40 ported, and into which the awning is retracted
'
and carries a worm 20 ?xed thereto ?which is
continuously in mesh with a worm Wheel or sec
.tor?2l ?xed to the shaft l2. The bracket l-9 also
forms a bearing for the ?end of the shaft l2 and :30
maintains the worm and worm wheel in proper
?
meshed relation at all times.
a further modi?ed construction.
when not in use.
screws vI6 which extend through the door and are
'
The awning per se forms no part of the present
invention and will not be described? in ?detail,
suffice it 'to say that the awning illustrated is of
45 the lateral arm type comprising a sheet of canvas
or other suitable awning material ?I attachedto
a roller 2 rotatably supported in brackets 3 and
4, bolted or otherwise secured 'to the rear wall
of the awning recess. The front or free edge of
the awning material I is secured to a rod 5 at
tached to- the free ends of a plurality of lateral
arms 6 adjustably secured to brackets "I, also
bolted or otherwise ?xed to the rear wall of the
awning recess. The right-hand bracket 3 .in
:cludes means for rotating the awning roller 2 in
According to the present invention provision
?is made for supplementing the manual means for
lifting or opening the door of the awning recess,
thereby making the manual operation ?of short
heavy doors easier and making possible the use of
longer doors. Prior to the present invention it
was impractical to use doors greater than some
"twenty feet in length because sui?cient force to ?4,0
operate the same could not be ?transmitted
through the operating shaft, the size of which
was necessarily ?limited. As illustrated, this
means comprises a plurality of torsional coil
springs 24 surrounding the shaft l2 at intervals .45
therealong adapted to exert a force thereon, or
directly on the door if desired, in a direction to
open the door.
The right hand ends of the springs .24 are
formed into hooks 25 which engage the brackets .50
1.3, while the left hand ends thereof ?are secured
.to vtubular members 26 rotatably supported on the
shaft l2. The members 26 have cross slots .or
grooves 21 in the .end face thereof remote from
the spring to which they are attached, adapted .
2
2,112,579
to receive pins 28 secured to the adjacent faces
of the members H.
To maintain the pins 28 in the cross slots 21
the springs 24 are placed under slight compres
sion between the brackets I3 and the members
Ill. The torsion of the springs 24, or in other
words, the force exerted by the respective springs,
in a direction to open the door, can be adjusted
as desired by manually disengaging the slots 21
from the pins 28 and rotating the members 26 in
the desired direction. For this purpose the mem
bers 26 are provided with a plurality of apertures
adapted to receive a suitable tool.
The springs 24 may be of any appropriate size
15 and any desired number thereof may be em
ployed.
Preferably they are spaced at intervals
of from three to ?ve feet, but the number em
ployed and size thereof will be determined by the
length and weight of the door, etc. Very satis
20 factory operation has been obtained where the
torsion of the springs has been so adjusted that
the door would normally stand about half open
if the shaft l 2 was free to rotate within the worm
wheel 2|. In the present instance it is necessary
25 to pull the door closed by rotating the shaft I1,
and the self-locking feature of the worm and
worm wheel secures the same in the closed po
sition.
A modi?cation of the construction just de
30 scribed, also embodying the present invention, is
shown in Figs. 5 and 6, wherein the parts which
are duplicates of those previously referred to are
designated by the same reference characters and
will not be speci?cally referred to or described.
35 As shown in these ?gures the door 30 is hinged
directly to the building, as illustrated, to the for
ward edge of the ceiling ?plate 3| of the awning
recess by a pintle pin 32, and is operated by a
plurality of levers 33 ?xed to the shaft I2 by set
40 screws 34'. In the present instance the pins 28
are carried by the levers 33 and the members 26
abut thereagainst. In order that the door may be
positively moved in both directions the free ends
of the levers 33 are provided with rollers 35
45 which engage underneath a strap member 36
secured to the rear side of the door.
As has been previously stated with reference
to the modi?cation of the invention illustrated
in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, the shaft ll may be mo
50 tor driven, if desired, and this is equally true with
reference to either modi?cation illustrated.
In
like manner the shaft 8 may also be motor
operated. Such a modi?cation of the structure
shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, is shown in Fig. '7
55 wherein the shafts 8 and I?! are projected into
the interior of the building and operatively con
nected to electric motors (not shown), controlled
in any well known manner.
While the preferred embodiments of the in
60 vention have been illustrated and described, I
do not wish to be limited to the particular con
struction shown, which may be varied within
the scope of this invention. The present appli
cation is intended to cover all adaptations, varia
65 tions and uses of the present invention which
come ?within the customary practice of those
skilled in the art to which it pertains, and I par
ticularly point out and claim as my invention
the following:?
70
1. In a building structure the combination of
a wall provided with an awning enclosure or re
cess opening outwardly, adapted to have an awn
ing supported therein for extension or retraction
through said opening, a horizontal shaft rotat
ably supported within said recess and located or
positioned adjacent the upper edge of said open
ing, a member or door for closing said opening,
means for operatively connecting said-door and
said shaft whereby said door is rotated or oscil
lated about a horizontal axis adjacent the upper
edge of said opening upon rotation or oscillation
of said shaft, means for rotating or oscillating
said shaft, a resilient member or spring spaced
from said last mentioned means, and means for
operatively connecting said resilient member or 10
spring to said building structure and to said mem
ber or door, said resilient member or spring being
operable to rotate said member or door in an
outwardly direction to open the same.
2. In a building structure the combination of 15
a wall provided with an awning enclosure or re
cess opening outwardly adapted to have an awn
ing supported therein for extension or retraction
through said opening, a horizontal shaft rotat
ably supported within said enclosure or recess,
said shaft being located or positioned adjacent
to the upper edge of said opening and extending
substantially the length thereof, a member or
door for closing said opening, means for opera
tively connecting said member or door and said 25
shaft whereby said door is rotated or oscillated
about a horizontal axis adjacent the upper edge
of said opening upon rotation or oscillation of
said shaft, a worm wheel fixed on said shaft, a
second shaft rotatably supported within said en
30
closure or recess with one end thereof projecting
therefrom, a worm on said second shaft in mesh
with said worm wheel, means for rotating or os
cillating said second shaft, a torsional spring
surrounding said shaft and spaced from said 35
worm wheel, and means for operatively connect
ing said spring to said building structure and
to said member or door said spring being oper
able to move said member or door outwardly
about its pivotal axis in a direction to open the
same.
'
I
3. In a building structure the combination of
a wall provided with an awning enclosure or re
cess opening outwardly adapted to have an awn
ing supported therein for extension or retraction 45
through said opening, a horizontal shaft rotatably
or pivotally supported within said enclosure or
recess, said shaft being located or?positioned ad
jacent to the upper edge of said opening and ex
tending substantially the length thereof, a mem .50
ber or door for closing said opening ?xed to said
shaft and carried thereby, means for rotating
or oscillating said shaft, a resilient?member or
spring spaced from said last mentioned means,
and means for operatively connecting said re 55
silient member or spring to said building struc
ture and to said member or door, said resilient
member or spring being operable to move said
member or .door? in an outwardly direction to
open the same.
60
4. In a building structure the combination of
a Wall provided with an awning enclosure or re
cess opening outwardly adapted to have an awn
ing supported therein for extension or retraction
through said opening, a horizontal shaft rotat- =
ably or pivotally supported within said enclosure
or recess, said shaft being located or positioned
adjacent to the upper edge of said opening and
extending substantially the length thereof, a
member or door for closing said opening ?xed 70
to said shaft and carried thereby, a worm wheel
?xed to one end of said shaft, a second shaft
rotatably supported within said enclosure or re
cess with one end projecting therefrom, a Worm
?xed to said second shaft and in mesh with said \
3
2,112,579
worm Wheel, means for rotating or oscillating
said second shaft, a torsional spring surrounding
said shaft and spaced from said worm wheel, and
means for operatively connecting said spring to
said building structure and to said member or
6. In a building structure the combination of
a wall provided with an awning enclosure or re
cess opening outwardly adapted to have an awn
ing supported therein for extension or retraction
through said opening, a member or door for
door, said spring being operable to move said
closing said opening hinged to said building struc
member or door outwardly about its pivotal axis
ture along the upper edge of said opening, a hori
zontal shaft rotatably- supported within said re
cess, said shaft being located or positioned adja
cent to the upper edge of said opening and ex
in a direction to open the same.
5. In a building structure the combination of
10 a Wall provided with an awning enclosure or re
cess opening outwardly adapted to have an awn
ing supported therein for extension or retraction
through said opening, a member or door for clos
ing said opening hinged to said building struc
15 ture along the upper edge of said opening, a hori
zontal shaft rotatably supported within said re
cess, said shaft being located or positioned adja
cent to the upper edge of said opening and ex
tending substantially the entire length thereof,
20 means for operatively connecting said door and
said shaft, means for rotating or oscillating said
shaft, a spring spaced from said last mentioned
means, and means for operatively connecting said
spring to said building structure and to said
member or door, said spring being operable to
move said member or door outwardly in a direc
tion to open the same.
tending substantially the entire length thereof,
10
means for operatively connecting said member
or door and said shaft, a worm Wheel fixed to said
shaft, a second shaft rotatably supported within
said enclosure or recess with one end thereof 15
projecting therefrom, a Worm ?xed to said sec
ond shaft and in mesh with said Worm wheel,
means for rotating or oscillating said second
shaft, a torsional spring surrounding said shaft
and spaced from said Worm Wheel, and means for 20
operatively connecting said spring to said build
ing structure and to said member or door, said
spring being operable to move said member or
door outwardly about its pivotal axis in a direc
tion to open the same.
25
EDWARD H. SCI-IANE.
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