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Патент USA US2112582

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March 29, 1938.
P. TRESENBERG
'2,112,582
.
HAIR CURLER
Filed NOV. 2l, 1936
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Patented Mar. 29, 1938
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2,112,582
UNITEDv STATES PAT-ENT> oFFicl-z
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2,112,582
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HAIR CURLER
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- VPaúl Tresenberg, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application November 21, 1936, serial No. v»112,022
’
ay claims.v (C1. 132-41)
This invention relates to a structurally'and through suitable openings `to accomplish> thisre
functionally improved curling apparatusfwhich,
and in its more specific aspects, aims to- provide
a hair curler of this character which may _be
5 readily manipulated by arelatirvely inexperienced
person to desirably curl or wave human hair.
It is an object of the invention to furnish’a
comparatively simple and inexpensive structure
embodying few partseach individually rugged
10 in construction and largely capable of manu
facture by automatic machinery and` methods.
Moreover, these parts when assembled will oper
ate eiìciently over long periods of timeY with
freedom from all difîiculties.
l5
-
,
A further object of the invention is that of
providing an apparatus of this nature which rnay
be readily operated without danger of injuring
the hair even if it is left in applied position for
20
sult.
The ends of the wire are extended out
wardly and have a lengthsuch that they lie vad
jacent the er1-doi the body'iß, thus forming a
yoke or bail.
-
'
As is well kno-wn to those skilled in the art,
the technique of using" a device o_i- this-‘nature
consists ordinarily in clamping the end of a tress
or strand vof hair between bodyID and tongue
l! and then winding such strand around the
tongue and» body-as indicated in Fig. l. There
after, if the c_urler is left in position for a cer
tain length of time, -the ¿tress will assume a de
sired curled or wavy condition which will be
maintained even after the curler has been de
tached from the tress.
„
‘y
'
.
Now, to assure the retention ci `the curler in
proper position after the applicationof `>the
long periods of time.
strand or tress thereto, the end of the body iii
An additional object is that of furnishing a
hair curler or waving appliance which may read
ily be locked in position and which will remain
is indented or provides a recess to receive a spher
in such position against any reasonable proba
bility of accidental displacement.
With these and other objects in mind, refer
25
ence is had to the attached sheet of drawings,
illustrating one practical embodiment of the in
vention, and in which:
Fig. 1 is a, plan View of a curler and shows the
30 same- applied to a strand of hair;
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View taken along
the line 2-2 and in the direction of the arrows
of Fig. 1;
ical element I4. This element is carried by the 20
ends of the yoke I3 and is preferably rotatable
with respect thereto. The spherical element
may be furnished by utilizing a sheet of metal
I5, as shown in Fig. 3, and which sheet is shaped 25
to assume the configuration indicated at I6 in
Fig. 4. The ends of the wire or other element
forming the bail or yoke may be flattened or
enlarged as indicated at Il, and these are in
troduced to lie within the body I4, it being ap 30
parent that the openings I8 will allow for the
passage of the wire. Both of these openings. will
be so small as to prevent a withdrawal> of the
Fig. 3 is a flattened view of the locking detent
35 which forms a part of the apparatus;
Fig. 4 is a perspective View showing such de
tent in process of application to the bail or yoke
head portion. therethrough, after the parts are
brought to the position shown in Fig. 5.
35
Fig. 7 is a front view of such curler.
In these views the numeral Ill indicates the
curler body which may be formed of metal and
to which a clamping member or tongue II is
curnstances it will be observed that an unwind
ing of the tress or strand will be prevented due 45
In such position it will be understood that the
spherical element I4 may readily be rotated with
of the curler;
respect to the end of the bail and incident to the
Fig. 5 is a perspective View showing the lock
natural elasticity of this yoke the entire inem
40 ing element iinally applied toy such yoke or bail; ber may be swung to a position at which the 40
Fig. 6 is a side elevation of a further form of lspherical element will ride past the end edge of
curler which may be constructed in accordance body Ill and come to rest with its body disposed
with the teachings of the present invention; and in the manner indicated in Fig. 1. In such cir- `
45
'I‘his tongue may beperfo
to the yoke. Moreover, this yoke will remain
in position against the probability of accidental
displacement, although a release of the parts
rated as at I2 so that air may circulate there
may readily be accomplished by simply forcing
pivotally secured.
50 through, and the tongue is normally urged into
ñrm clamping contact with the body I 0 by means
of a spring (not shown).
The pivotal connection between the body and
the tongue is conveniently provided by a strand
55 of wire or similar material I3, which extends
the spherical element and end of the yoke to a 50
position to one side of the body I0 and tongue II.
Now referring to the form of unit shown in
Figs. 6 and '7, it will be observed that in com
mon with the aforedescribed unit it includes a
body I0 with which a tongue or clamping mem 55
2
2,112,582
,
ber Il is associated, both of thesäf':- elements be
ing preferably formed with openings. I2.
A bail
Thus, among others, the several objects of the
invention as aiorenoted are achieved.
It will
20 may serve to pivotally mount the clamp upon
the body and have its ends enclosed by a clip
or hinge plate 2 I, Which also mounts or encloses
be obvious that numerous changes in construc
tion and rearrangement of the parts may be re
sorted to without departing from the spirit of the
a portion of the body of a resilient element 22.
The outer end of the latter is enclosed by a col
invention as deñned by the claims.
Having described my invention, what I claim
as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
lar 23 to which a hook 24 is añixed and beyond
which a grasping portion 25 extends. The length
10 of element 22 is such that in normal condition,
as illustrated in Fig. 6, hook 24 will lie in a po
sition short of the end of the body l0. However,
element 22 may be stretched so that hook 24 may
be extended over the edge of body l0 by simply
.15 grasping portion 25 and exerting a pull upon the
parts such as to shift the position of the hook
24 as desired. »
,
ì
Element 22 may be provided from any desired
material. Preferably, as shown, however, it is
1. A curler including, in combination, a body,
a mounting member movable with respect there~
to, and an element rotatably supported by said
member, said element comprising a sheet of ma
terial having recessed edge and projecting por
tions„the latter being extendable to furnish a
substantially spherical body.
15
2. A curler including, in combination', a body, a
tongue, a bail pivotally connecting said tongue
with said body, and both movable with respect
to the same to aposition. adjacent the outer end
of said body, said body adjacent said end pre 20
20 simply a woven tube which encases a rubber-band
element. The technique of utilizing a device of senting a recess, a sheet metal element in the
form of a sphere accommodatable within said re
this character will be obvious, in that the oper
ator proceeds as aforedescribed in connection ’ cess and formed With openings, and said bail ex
,
with the device of Figs. 1 to 5, and after the hair tending through said openings.
3. A curler including, in combination, abody,
tress is wound around the curler, the operator
a tongue, a bail pivotally connecting said tongue
simply grasps the portion 25 and shifts the same
upwardly and inwardly until the latter extends with said body, and both movable with respect
.over the edge of the body I0. In such position, to the same to a position adjacent the outer end
it is apparent that accidental displacement of the of said body, said body adjacent said end pre~
parts will ber prevented, and the strand of hair senting a recess, a sheet metal element in the
form of a sphere accommodatable Within. said
will be ñrmly held in proper position until the
operator deliberately releases the same. In this recess and formed with openings, said bail ex
connection, it Will be appreciated that, as shown, tending through said openings, and the ends of
the edge of the body I0 at a point adjacent which said bail Within said sphere being enlarged Where
by to prevent an accidental movement of said 35
the hook 24 is to extend, may be reduced so that
bail,
in effect a notch is provided, into the base of
PAUL TRESENBERG.
which the hook will at all times be drawn by the
resilient element.
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