Патент USA US2112582код для вставки
March 29, 1938. P. TRESENBERG '2,112,582 . HAIR CURLER Filed NOV. 2l, 1936 _È " :ë, > faul lNvr-:NToR Patented Mar. 29, 1938 f' 2,112,582 UNITEDv STATES PAT-ENT> oFFicl-z y 2,112,582 » HAIR CURLER ‘ f ' ” - VPaúl Tresenberg, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application November 21, 1936, serial No. v»112,022 ’ ay claims.v (C1. 132-41) This invention relates to a structurally'and through suitable openings `to accomplish> thisre functionally improved curling apparatusfwhich, and in its more specific aspects, aims to- provide a hair curler of this character which may _be 5 readily manipulated by arelatirvely inexperienced person to desirably curl or wave human hair. It is an object of the invention to furnish’a comparatively simple and inexpensive structure embodying few partseach individually rugged 10 in construction and largely capable of manu facture by automatic machinery and` methods. Moreover, these parts when assembled will oper ate eiìciently over long periods of timeY with freedom from all difîiculties. l5 - , A further object of the invention is that of providing an apparatus of this nature which rnay be readily operated without danger of injuring the hair even if it is left in applied position for 20 sult. The ends of the wire are extended out wardly and have a lengthsuch that they lie vad jacent the er1-doi the body'iß, thus forming a yoke or bail. - ' As is well kno-wn to those skilled in the art, the technique of using" a device o_i- this-‘nature consists ordinarily in clamping the end of a tress or strand vof hair between bodyID and tongue l! and then winding such strand around the tongue and» body-as indicated in Fig. l. There after, if the c_urler is left in position for a cer tain length of time, -the ¿tress will assume a de sired curled or wavy condition which will be maintained even after the curler has been de tached from the tress. „ ‘y ' . Now, to assure the retention ci `the curler in proper position after the applicationof `>the long periods of time. strand or tress thereto, the end of the body iii An additional object is that of furnishing a hair curler or waving appliance which may read ily be locked in position and which will remain is indented or provides a recess to receive a spher in such position against any reasonable proba bility of accidental displacement. With these and other objects in mind, refer 25 ence is had to the attached sheet of drawings, illustrating one practical embodiment of the in vention, and in which: Fig. 1 is a, plan View of a curler and shows the 30 same- applied to a strand of hair; Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View taken along the line 2-2 and in the direction of the arrows of Fig. 1; ical element I4. This element is carried by the 20 ends of the yoke I3 and is preferably rotatable with respect thereto. The spherical element may be furnished by utilizing a sheet of metal I5, as shown in Fig. 3, and which sheet is shaped 25 to assume the configuration indicated at I6 in Fig. 4. The ends of the wire or other element forming the bail or yoke may be flattened or enlarged as indicated at Il, and these are in troduced to lie within the body I4, it being ap 30 parent that the openings I8 will allow for the passage of the wire. Both of these openings. will be so small as to prevent a withdrawal> of the Fig. 3 is a flattened view of the locking detent 35 which forms a part of the apparatus; Fig. 4 is a perspective View showing such de tent in process of application to the bail or yoke head portion. therethrough, after the parts are brought to the position shown in Fig. 5. 35 Fig. 7 is a front view of such curler. In these views the numeral Ill indicates the curler body which may be formed of metal and to which a clamping member or tongue II is curnstances it will be observed that an unwind ing of the tress or strand will be prevented due 45 In such position it will be understood that the spherical element I4 may readily be rotated with of the curler; respect to the end of the bail and incident to the Fig. 5 is a perspective View showing the lock natural elasticity of this yoke the entire inem 40 ing element iinally applied toy such yoke or bail; ber may be swung to a position at which the 40 Fig. 6 is a side elevation of a further form of lspherical element will ride past the end edge of curler which may be constructed in accordance body Ill and come to rest with its body disposed with the teachings of the present invention; and in the manner indicated in Fig. 1. In such cir- ` 45 'I‘his tongue may beperfo to the yoke. Moreover, this yoke will remain in position against the probability of accidental displacement, although a release of the parts rated as at I2 so that air may circulate there may readily be accomplished by simply forcing pivotally secured. 50 through, and the tongue is normally urged into ñrm clamping contact with the body I 0 by means of a spring (not shown). The pivotal connection between the body and the tongue is conveniently provided by a strand 55 of wire or similar material I3, which extends the spherical element and end of the yoke to a 50 position to one side of the body I0 and tongue II. Now referring to the form of unit shown in Figs. 6 and '7, it will be observed that in com mon with the aforedescribed unit it includes a body I0 with which a tongue or clamping mem 55 2 2,112,582 , ber Il is associated, both of thesäf':- elements be ing preferably formed with openings. I2. A bail Thus, among others, the several objects of the invention as aiorenoted are achieved. It will 20 may serve to pivotally mount the clamp upon the body and have its ends enclosed by a clip or hinge plate 2 I, Which also mounts or encloses be obvious that numerous changes in construc tion and rearrangement of the parts may be re sorted to without departing from the spirit of the a portion of the body of a resilient element 22. The outer end of the latter is enclosed by a col invention as deñned by the claims. Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: lar 23 to which a hook 24 is añixed and beyond which a grasping portion 25 extends. The length 10 of element 22 is such that in normal condition, as illustrated in Fig. 6, hook 24 will lie in a po sition short of the end of the body l0. However, element 22 may be stretched so that hook 24 may be extended over the edge of body l0 by simply .15 grasping portion 25 and exerting a pull upon the parts such as to shift the position of the hook 24 as desired. » , ì Element 22 may be provided from any desired material. Preferably, as shown, however, it is 1. A curler including, in combination, a body, a mounting member movable with respect there~ to, and an element rotatably supported by said member, said element comprising a sheet of ma terial having recessed edge and projecting por tions„the latter being extendable to furnish a substantially spherical body. 15 2. A curler including, in combination', a body, a tongue, a bail pivotally connecting said tongue with said body, and both movable with respect to the same to aposition. adjacent the outer end of said body, said body adjacent said end pre 20 20 simply a woven tube which encases a rubber-band element. The technique of utilizing a device of senting a recess, a sheet metal element in the form of a sphere accommodatable within said re this character will be obvious, in that the oper ator proceeds as aforedescribed in connection ’ cess and formed With openings, and said bail ex , with the device of Figs. 1 to 5, and after the hair tending through said openings. 3. A curler including, in combination, abody, tress is wound around the curler, the operator a tongue, a bail pivotally connecting said tongue simply grasps the portion 25 and shifts the same upwardly and inwardly until the latter extends with said body, and both movable with respect .over the edge of the body I0. In such position, to the same to a position adjacent the outer end it is apparent that accidental displacement of the of said body, said body adjacent said end pre~ parts will ber prevented, and the strand of hair senting a recess, a sheet metal element in the form of a sphere accommodatable Within. said will be ñrmly held in proper position until the operator deliberately releases the same. In this recess and formed with openings, said bail ex connection, it Will be appreciated that, as shown, tending through said openings, and the ends of the edge of the body I0 at a point adjacent which said bail Within said sphere being enlarged Where by to prevent an accidental movement of said 35 the hook 24 is to extend, may be reduced so that bail, in effect a notch is provided, into the base of PAUL TRESENBERG. which the hook will at all times be drawn by the resilient element.