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Патент USA US2112768

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March 29, 1938.
l.. E. FOX
WORK- HOLDING AND GUIDING APPARATUS
Filed July 2, 1957
243
2:5/
2,112,768
March 29, 1938.
|__ E, FOX
ì
2,îl2,768
WORK HOLDING AND GUIDING APPARATUS
Filed July 2, 1957
2 SheeJcS-Sheeì 2
`
Patented Mar. 29, 1938
2,112,768
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,1125768
WORK HOLDING AND GUIDING APPARATUS
Lena E. Fox, Liberal, Kans.
Application July 2, 1937, Serial No. 151,757>
10 Claims.
This invention relates to a work `holding and
guiding apparatus.
The invention aims to provide, in a manner
as hereinafter set forth,’an apparatus of the class
referred to for use when crochetlng to hold and
guide the work during the production of the
latter.
The invention further aims to provide, in a
manner as hereinafter set forth, an apparatus
l0 of the class referred to forming a crochet guide
for pattern design work; a bodkin needle for
threading elastics, tapes, ribbons, strings, etc., in
garments, crochet work, sacks, receptacles, etc.;
a rule for measuring stitches to the inch, the
i5 design of a pattern designed in inches and com
binations of designs when crocheting; and for
detachably clamping the work during its pro
duction.
Y
'I'he invention further aims to provide, in a
20 manner as hereinafter set forth, an'apparatus
for the purpose referred to for use When-,cro
cheting to form various designsy of fringes, lace
insertions, rugs, bed spreads, dresses, coats, trim
mings, decorative pieces, belts, etc.
9;
The invention further aims to provide, in a
manner as hereinafter set forth, an apparatus
of the class referred to which is comparatively
sinmple in its construction and arrangement,
strong, durable, compact, thoroughly eii'icient in
gli its use, and inexpensive to manufacture.
To the above ends essentially and to. others
which may hereinafter appear, the invention
consists of the novel construction, combination
and arrangement of parts as will be more-spe
7, ciñcally referred to- and asillustrated in the
accompanying drawings wherein embodimen-ts
of the invention are shown, but it is to be under
stood that changes, variations and` modifications
may be resorted to which fall within the scope of
40 the invention as claimed.
In the drawings:
the said element and with the said member
_clamping the said elemen-t thereto. The said
element is shown fragmentarily.
Figure 6 is a section on line 6_6, Figure 5,
Figure '7 is a section on line 1-1 „ Figure 5,
plan looking towards the other face of the com
I
Figure 5 is ay front elevation illustrating the
50 apparatus with thel combined guide, holder and
bodkin element, forming one partr of the appa
ratus, assembled. relative to. the combined work
abutment and clamping member, forming .the
other part of the apparatus, in abutment position
55 relative Vto the first stitch of the work held on
*o
Figures 8 and 9 when combined illustrate in
plan- looking towards one face of a modified form
of combined guide, holder and bodkin element,
Figures 10 and 11 when combined illustrate in
plan looking towards the other face of the ele- l0
ment sho-wn by Figures 8 and 9,
_
Figures 12 and 13 when combined illustrate in
plan looking towards the outer face of still an
other modiñed form of combined guide, holder
and bodkin element,
¿l5
Figure 14 is a fragmentary View illustrating
the position of the work abutment and clamping
member with respect to the combined guide,
holder and bodkin element when in work clamp
ing position, and
20
Figure 15 is a View similar to Figure 14 illus
trating still another position of the-abutment and
'clamping member relative to the combined guide,
holder and bodkin element when clamping the
work.
25
The apparatus includes. a> combined guide,
holder and bodkin element and a combined work
abutment and clam-ping member. The combined
guide,v holder and bodkin element will be formed
from a strip of metallic material of strap-like v¿0
form and of the desired length, width and gauge.
The combined work abutment and clam-ping
member will also be formed from metallic ma
terial. The combined guide, holder and bodkin
element shown> in Figuresl to. 4 andv 14, 15, is gen- 35
erally indicated at 20; that shown by Figures 5,
8, 9, 10, and 1l at»2|,; and that shown by Figures
12 and 13 at V22. The combined vwork abutment
and clamping member is generally indicated
at 23.
»
Figures 1 and 2v when combined illustrate in
plan looking towards oneface of the combined
guide, holder and bodkin element of the appa
45 ratus,
Figures 3 and 4 when combined illustrate in
bined guide, holder and bodkin element,
(Cl. (i6-1)
.
4.n
The element 20, 2»|,. or 2.3 is to guide and hold
the work while it is being produced thereon, for
measuring stitches to the inch, and design of the
pattern designed in inches, or combination of
designs when crocheting, as well as to function L1.)
as- a bodkin` needle for threading purposes.
The element 20 includes an end >stretch 24 pro
vided Wìth a` rectangular slot or eye 25, an inter
mediate stretch 26 of uniform Width throughout
corresponding to that of stretch 24 anda tapered 5o
end-stretch 21 of greater length than» stretch 26.
'The latter is of materially greater length than
that of stretch 2li.4 One face of element 20 is in
dicated'at 28 and its other face at 2,9'. The ele
ment 20» has one of its lengthwiseedgesßß from 55
2
_
,
2,112,768
end to end thereof straight throughout, but has
its other lengthwise edge formed of a straight
portion 3| and an inclined portion 32. The edge
portion 3| is on the stretches 24, 26, and the
edge portion 32 is on the stretch 21. The ele
ment 20 from the point of mergence of stretch
24 with stretch 26 to near the outer end of
stretch 21 is formed with a straight row of spaced
openings 33 disposed parallel and in proximity
10 to edge 30. The element 28 from the point of
mergence of stretch 24 with stretch 26 to the in
ner portion of stretch 21 is formed with a straight
row of spaced openings 34 having the major pox‘-,
tion of the openings of the row disposed parallel
dìametrically the openings 49. The face 40 of
element 2| is graduated to represent inches,
quarters and eighths, as at 5| and with the inch
and quarter graduations intersecting diametri
cally the openings 49. The graduations 5| extend Ul
from the point of mergence of stretches 4|, 42 to
the outer end of stretch 43. The graduations 5|
align with the graduations of the scale 50. The
scale 50 and graduations 5| border the edge 48.
Preferably, the Width of element 2| will be less
than that of element 20.
The element 22 has one of its faces designated
52 and includes an end stretch 53, an interme
diate stretch 54 and an end stretch 55.
The
stretches 53, 54 are of like and uniform Width,
mainder of the openings 34 are disposed in prox~ ì but stretch 54 is of materially greater length
imity to the inner part of the edge portion 32. than stretch 53. The stretches 53, 54 merge into
and in proximity to the edge portion 3|. The re
The number of the openings of the row of open
ings 33 is greater than that of the openings of
20 the row of` openings 34. Each opening 34 aligns
with an opening 33.
eachother and the former is provided With a
yrectangular slot or eye 55a. The stretches 54, 55v
merge into each other and the latter tapers from '
its point of mergence to its outer end. The
That portion of the face 28 of the stretches 26, l lengthwise edges of element 22` are indicated at
21 bordering the edge 30 of element- 20 is formed 56, 51 and spaced therefrom is a straight row of
, with a fourteen inch scale 35 graduated in inches,
25 eighths and quarters, extending from the stretch
spaced openings 58 Which extend from the point
24 to a point in close proximity to the outer end
of stretch 21. That portion of the face 28 of the
stretch 26 and the inner portion of the face 28
of the stretch 21~bo`rdering respectively the edge
mergence of stretches 54, 55. The face 52 of
element 22 is formed with a twelve inch scale 59
graduated in inches and quarters. The scale 59
extends from the point of mergence of stretches
30 portion 3| and the inner part of the edge portion
32 is formed With a seven inch scale 36 graduated
in inches, eighths and quarters, extending fromA
the inner portion of stretch 21 to the stretch 24.
The inch and quarter graduations of the scale 35
35 intersect diametrically the openings 33. The inch
and quarter graduations of the scale 36 inter
sect diametrically the openings 34. The scale 35
is from left to right. The scale 36 reads from
left to right. The face 29 of the element 20 is
40 provided thereon with a fourteen inch scale 31
corresponding in form and arrangement to that
of scale 35, with this exception, that it reads from
right to left in lieu of from left to right. The
face 29 is also formed With a seven inch scale 38
corresponding in form and arrangement to that
of scale 36. The inch designators of the scale 31
are oppositely disposed with respect to the inch
designators of the scale 38. The scale 31 borders
the edge 3D. The scale 38 borders edge portions
3|, 32. The scales 31, 38 have one end thereof
arranged at the point of mergence of stretches
of mergence of stretches 53, 54 to the point of '
53, 54 to the outer end of thev stretch 55.
The '
scale 59 borders edge 51 and the inch and quarter
graduations thereof intersect diametrically the
openings 58.
With respect to the scales on the several ele
ments referred to, it is to be understood that the 35
number of inches may be increased or reduced
and the length of the element will be governed
accordingly. The stretch of uniform Width of an
element is for crocheting thereabout a piece of
Work which is caused to be of uniform Width by 40
the stretch. The stretch further holds the work
While completing the latter, as well as not only
indicating, by the scale thereon, the number of
stitches as the Work progresses, but When a per
son has crocheted a particuar number, group or
set of stitches. The statement relative to stretch
of uniform width of an element applies to a ta
pered stretch, but the latter will permit a tapered
piece of work being crocheted upon one side of a
piece of Work of uniform Width.
24, 26.
the ñrst stitch of the Work being crocheted as
'I'he element 2| has one of its faces designated
39, its other face at 40 and it includes an end
stretch 4|, an intermediate stretch 42 and a ta
pered end stretch 43. The stretches 4|, 43 are
substantially of the same length. The stretch 42
portion of the Work to the guide, holder and
bodkin element While the Work is being completed
when member 23 is in the position shown in Fig
is of materially greater length than the stretches
4|, 43 and is of uniform width. The stretch 4|
is of uniform width, corresponds to the width vof
4stretch 42 and is formed With a slot or eye 44.
The element 2l has its end edge 45 squared, its
other end edge 46 oppositely outwardly curved,
its lengthwise edges 41, 48 straight from end
edge 45 to the point of mergence of stretch 42
With stretch 43 and is formed on its lengthwise
median with a straight row of spaced aligned
openings 49. The row of openings 49 extend
from the point of mergence of stretches 4|, 42
to the point of mergence of the stretches 42, 43.
The face 39 of element 2| is provided with a
thirteen inch scale 50 graduated into eighths and
quarters extending from the .point of mergence
of the stretches 4| , 42 to the outer end of stretch
75 43. The inch and quarter graduation intersect
50
The member 23 functions as an abutment for
shown in Figure 5 or as a means for clamping a
ures 14, 15. The member 23 may be selectively
clamped to the element aforesaid in any one of
three positions, one position as shown in Figure
5, another as shown in Figure 14 and the other
as shown in Figure 15. The member 23 is so
constructed as to» permit it to be manipulated
by the right or left hand.
The element 23 includes a pair of oppositely
disposed clamping plates 60, 6|. Each plate con
sists of an apertured outer part 62 and an aper
tured inner part 63 merging into each other and
with the> part 62 projecting beyond one side of
the part 63. The part 62 is formed With a pair
of spaced aligned openings 64, 65 and an opening 70
66 spaced fromv and aligned with opening 65.
'I‘he part 63 is provided with a pair of spaced
aligning openings 66a, 61. Anchored in the open
ings of plate 6| are pins 68 forl extension into
the openings of plate 66. Secured to` the outer 75
2,112,768
side faces of the plates 60, 6| are the shanks 69,
1D which merge at their outer ends into a pair
of oppositely outwardly inclined handle pieces 1 I,
12 respectively, adapted to have hand pressure
applied to one or both for opening member 23
for the purposeof positioning it relative to an ele
ment 20, 2|, or 23. The handle piece 1| has
lì
formed integral with the side edges thereof the
outer ends of the inner faces of a pair of in
10
wardly extending apertured aligned ears 13, 14.
These latter have their outer ends flush with the
outer face of member 6|. The ears 13, 14 are
arranged outwardly with respect to the Shanks
69, 10. The handle piece 12 has formed integral
with its inner face a pair of inwardly aligned
apertured ears 15, 16 having their outer faces
flush with the side edges of member 12. The ears
15, 16 are arranged outwardly with respect to
the shanks 69, 10. The ears 15, 16 are positioned
against the inner faces of the ears 13, 14 respec
tively. The apertures in the pairs of ears align
when ears 15, 16 are in the position as stated.
Extending through the a1igned apertures. of the
pairs of ears is a pivot 11 which has its ends
upset as at 18, 19 to overlap the outer faces of
the ears 13, 14 respectively. This structural ar
rangement pivotally connects the members 1| , 12
together. Surrounding the pivot 11 between the
ears 15, 16, having one end bearing against the
30 inner face of handle piece 1|, as at 80 and its
other end bearing against the inner face of han
dle piece 12, as at 8| is a coiled controlling spring
82 normally acting to maintain the plates 60, 6|
in abutting relation.
When member 23 is to be clamped in one of
its selective positions relative to an element 20,
2|, or 22, two of the pins 68 engage in two of the
openings of one of the elements aforesaid and
clamp it to member 23. With respect to the po~
40 sition of the member 23, shown in Figure 5, a
pair of pins 68 extend through a pair of openings
in one of said elements and into the openings
64, 65; that with respect to Figure 14 a pair of
pins 68 extend through a pair of openings in one
“ of said elements and into the openings 66a, 61;
and that with respect to Figure 15 a pair of pins
68 extend through a pair of openings in one of
said elements and into- the openings 65, 66. The
member 23 is to be employed in connection with
a selected pair of openings 33 or 34 of element
20, a selected pair of the openings 49 in the ele
ment 2| and a selected pair of the openings 58 in
element 22.
With respect to element 20, it is numbered on
the lower edge with one-eighth graduations in
inches up to fourteen inches on one side and to
seven inches' likewise at the top of the taper, both
being numbered from the left; on the reverse
side the bottom is numbered from the left one to
seven toward the right, while the top- is num
bered from the right from one to fourteen inches.
The object of this numbering and tapering of
the guide is to permit the making of stitches from
either end, according to pattern and design over
the tapered guide to the seven inch mark, the
point of taper, Where taper designs are used, and
to permit making one inch taper, two inch tapers
or any desired length of taper. Where the pat
tern or design is used on a one inch guide, or any
other width guide, and the taper is not desired,
the guide is taken out of the crochet work and
reversed, so the tip or pointed end when reversed
fills the same space back to the beginning of the
taper at the seven inch mark, and it can be, with
75 the use of two guides continued in a one inch or
other width as desired; or, when the Work is
tapered on the guide to point fourteen from seven
another guide is placed end for end and the Work
is tapered in the'reverse direction.
To make a chain of thirty-seven stitches, leave
the last' stitch loose enough for the guide to slide
in up to number ten on the tapered end, and the
tapered edge to the top, clamp member 23 Yover
this stitch to keep it from slipping off, hook in
this same loop or stitch at the top edge of the
guide, the loose thread at the back of the guide,
hook in second chain stitch at the bottom of the
guide the loose thread over the hook, pull through
this second stitch and to the top edge of the guide.
This will be on the front side of the guide. This 15
leaves the loose thread at the back of the guide.
Thread over hook, pull the thread through the
two loops on the hook. Repeat this stitch to the
end of the guide, or nineteen stitches. Take
clamp oiî and guide out, make one slip stitch 20
in next chain stitch, one single crochet in the
next stitch, turn guide over with the straight edge
at the bottom side, slip the tapered end into this
last stitch and fasten clamp in the ñrst hole in
the guide at the end to keep from slipping off,
make a stitch in each chain stitch, make seven
teen more stitches over the guide or up to num
ber ten on the guide, take clamp off and guide
out, turn and make a slip stitch in the ñrst stitch
a single crochet in the next stitch, place tapered 30
end of the guide in this stitch, fasten clamp on,
crochet in each stitch and pick up both loops in
each stitch, and stop at number 10. Take clamp
oiï and guide out, slip the tapered end in this last
stitch the guide came out of, fasten guide on and 35
crochet over this to the end of the guide, make
the next row like the ñrst row.
What I claim is:
1. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide and holder element upon which the 40
work is crocheted, said element being provided
with conventional means to constitute an indicat--
ing scale formed of spaced graduations, a clamp
ing member for selective disposing in work abut~
ting and clamping positions with relation to said 45
element, said element being formed with a row
of spaced openings, and said member including
means coacting with selected openings of said row
for releasably connecting said element and mem
ber together and for retaining said member in
its selected position.
2. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
Work guide and holder element upon which the
work is crocheted, said element being provided ,l
with conventional means to constitute an indicat- '
ing scale formed of spaced graduations, and a
clamping member for selective disposing in work
abutting and clamping positions with relation to
said element, said element being of strap-like
form and provided with a tapered part and a 60
part of uniform width merging at one end into
one end of the tapered part.
.
3. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide and holder element upon which the
work is crocheted, said element being provided
65
with conventional means to constitute an indi
cating scale formed of spaced graduations, a
clamping member for selective disposing in work
abutting and clamping positions with relation to 70
said element, said element being of strap-like
form and provided with a tapered part and a part
of uniform width merging at one end into one
end of the tapered part, and said element and
member having coacting interengaging parts for 75
2,112,768
releasably connecting them together and retain
ing said member in its selected position.
4. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide and holder element upon which the
Work is crocheted, said element being provided
with conventional means to constitute an indi
cating scale formed of spaced graduations, a
clamping member for selective disposing in work
abutting and clamping positions with relation to
said element, said element being of strap-like
10
form and provided with a tapered part and a part
of uniform width merging at one end into one
15
8. In an apparatus for crocheting', a combined
work guide, holder and bodkin element consisting
of a strap-like body uponV which the work is
crocheted, said body being provided on and
lengthwise of one face thereof with conventional
means to constitute a pair of indicating scales,
one of greater length than the other and each in
the form of spaced graduations, and said body
being formed with a pair of spaced rows of spaced
openings, one row being of greater length than
the others, the openings of the row of shortest
length aligning with openings of the other row,
end of the tapered part, said element and mem
ber having coacting interengaging parts for re
the openings of the shortest row aligning with
certain of the graduations of the scale of short
leasably connecting them together and retaining
said member in its selected position, said element
being formed with a row of spaced openings, and
aligning with certain of the graduations of the
scale of greatest length.
said member including means coacting with se
lected openings of said row for releasably con
necting said element and member together and
for retaining said member in its selected position.
5. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide and holder element upon which the
work is crocheted, said elementl being provided
with conventional means to constitute an indi
eating scale formed of spaced graduations, a
clamping member for selective disposing in work
abutting and clamping positions with relation to
said element, said element being of strap-like
30 form and provided with a tapered part and a part
of uniform width merging at one end into one end
of the tapered part, and said part of Auniform
Width being formed with an eye at its other end.
6. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide, holder and bodkin element consisting
of a strap-like body upon which the work is cro
cheted, said body being provided on and length
Wise of one face thereof with conventional means _
to constitute an indicating scale formed of spaced
40. graduations, said body being formed with a
lengthwise row of spaced openings aligning with
certain of said graduations, and said body having
a tapered part and a part of uniform thickness
merging at one end into one end of said tapered
part.
v
7. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide, holder and bodkin element consisting
of a strap-like body upon which the work is cro
cheted, said body being provided on and length
wise of one face thereof with conventional means
to constitute an indicating scale formed of spaced
graduations, said body being formed with a
lengthwise row of spaced openings aligning with
certain of said graduations, and said body having
a tapered part and a part of uniform thickness
merging at one end into one end of said tapered
part and having its other end formed with an eye.
est length and the openings of the other row
9. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide and holder and bodkin element con
sisting of a strap-like body upon which the work
is crocheted, said body being provided on and
lengthwise of one face thereof with conventional
means to constitute a pair of indicating scales,
one of greater length than the other and each in
the form of spaced graduations, said body being
formed with a pair of spaced rows of spaced
openings, one row being of greater length than
the others, the openings of the row of shortest
length aligning with openings of the other row,
the openings of the shortest row aligning with 30
certain of the graduations of the scale of shortest
length and the openings of the other row aligning
with certain of the graduations of the scale of
greatest length, and said body having a tapered
part and a part of uniform thickness merging at 35
one end into one end of said tapered part.
v 10. In an apparatus for crocheting, a combined
work guide and holder and bodkin element con
sisting of a strap-like body upon which the work
is crocheted, said body being provided on and
lengthwise of one face thereof with conventional
means'to constitute a pair of indicating scales,
one of greater length than the other and each in
the form of spaced graduations, said body being
Áformed with a pair of spaced rows of spaced
openings, one row being of greater length than
the others, the openings of the row of shortest
length aligning with openings of the other row,
the openings of the shortest row aligning with
certain of the graduations of the scale of shortest 50
length and the openings of the other row align
ing with certain of the graduations of the scale
of greatest length, and said body having a tapered
part and a part of uniform thickness merging at
one end into one end of said tapered part and 55
having its other end formed with an eye.
LENA E. FOX.
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