Патент USA US2113079код для вставки
April 5, 1938. ‘ G. c. CARPENTER 7 HEAT CONTROL FOR OIL BURNERS Filed Sept. 26, 1936 2,113,079 Patented Apr. 5, 1938 2,113,079 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,113,079 HEAT CONTROL FOR OIL BURNERS Guy 0. Carpenter, Medford, Mass. Application September 26, 1936, Serial No. 102,665 4 Claims. (Cl. 126—44) My present invention relates to oil burners and Referring more in detail to the drawing, ID more particularly to an attachment for oil burn ers which increases the ‘heat and directs it over and around the oven compartment of the stove indicates a conventional oil burner unit mounted in the usual manner in a combination gas and oil range II , the burner being provided with the in which the oil burner is used. Many stoves in which oil burners are used in cluding combination gas and oil ranges fail to produce quick heat in the oven compartment when the oil burner is in operation. This failure is due in some cases because the heat generated from the oil burner has a natural tendency to rise straight up from the oil burner ‘and while the top of the stove over the burner can be heated very hot yet little heat is produced in the oven. This condition is particularly noticeable in com bination gas and oil ranges in which the passage conventional perforated sleeve I2 which is cylin drical in shape. My improved attachment is composed of three major parts and is adapted to attach to the sleeve I2 of the burner. At I3 I have shown a secondary sleeve which comprises a sheet metal member, the side adja~ over the oven has been greatly reduced due to burners vary in heighth so that the top. of the sleeve I2 may be lower or higher with respect to the top of the oven. ‘This is important with my device if the best results are to be obtained. I have found by actual experiment that my heat the space occupied by the gas burners. While I have shown my invention in the form of an attachment to be used with a standard oil 20 burner it is to be understood that I may combine my improvement, in certain respects, with certain conventional parts of an oil burner thereby sim plifying the construction. The principal object therefore of my invention is an improved oil burner for kitchen ranges and the like; Another object is an improved heat control for oil burners which is adapted to increase efficiency 30 of the said oil burner; - Still another object is an improved heat con~ trol for oil burners which directs the heat from the burner over the top of the oven of the stove in which the oil burner is located; And still another object is an improved heat control for oil burners and the like which is ca~ pable of directing the heat over the oven or up under the covers of the range at the will of the operator, and Other objects and novel features comprising 40 the construction and operation of my invention will be apparent as the description of the same progresses. _ In the drawing illustrating the preferred em bodiment of my invention, g1. 01 Fig. 1 shows a broken outline of a conventional gas and oil range, a conventional oil burner be ing shown in solid lines, to which my invention has been attached; Fig. 2 is an enlarged plan view of my new at tachment with its cover in place; Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the attachment with the cover removed, and Fig. 4 is a cross-section taken on the line 4-4 55 of Fig. 2. cent the oven being open and the ends I 4 ex tending beyond the center of the sleeve I2 in the direction of the oven side of the burner. Some oil burners are provided with sleeves sim ilar to sleeve I2 but varying in heighth also some de?ecting top member I5 should be positioned approximately one inch higher than the front edge I6 of the stove oven I‘I. Having the above various sittings of oil burners in mind I have de vised a means of overcoming these variations by providing a sleeve I3 with a series of offset lugs I8 which are struck out from the sleeve I3 and 25 which are adapted to engage over one side of the top of the burner sleeve I2, the lugs being on 30 the inside and the sleeve I3 being on the outside. I may provide several sets of these lugs, the draw ing showing two sets, which is optional. In as sembling my attachment, it is ?rst determined where the proper heighth should be and then 35 cutting off any surplus material and lugs below the lugs to be used. In this manner one design of the sleeve I3 is made to ?t any heighth de sired. To the top of the sleeve I3 I attach a top mem ber I5, previously referred to. This top member comprises a flat top having a downwardly ex tending flange III the inside face of which is. designed to snugly receive the top edge of the sleeve I3. It will also be noted that the flange I9 45 is eliminated on theside adjacent the oven. Pins 20 which are either cast on the top I5 or inserted otherwise are provided to engage on the inner side of the sleeve I3 and act to bind the sleeve I3 against the inner surface of the ?ange I9 when in place. In the central part of the top I5 I have provided an opening 2| within which is ?tted a cover 22. When the cover 22 is removed the heat from the burner rises against the top of the stove or 55 2 2,113,079 the bottom of the stove covers. While this use of the apparatus operates in the same manner as in an oil burner without my attachment, with my attachment the heat is more effective on the top of the stove because the sleeve I3 and the ?at top of the member I5 around the opening 2i concentrate the heat under the stove top and prevents such heat from being wasted around the front side of the stove below the top. This is 10 one of the principal effects of my invention but when it is desired to» bake in the oven II, the cover 22 is placed in the opening 2I and the heat is then prevented from rising directly to the top‘ of the stove and is directed over the top 15 of the oven and into the draft passages indicated by the arrows, the natural chimney draft carry ing the heat around the oven. Under ordinary conditions, without my attach ment, the heat from the oil burner has a tend 20 ency to rise to the top‘ of the stove in the com 25 partment indicated at 23 and becomes trapped there instead of ?owing freely over the ‘oven. This is very noticeable in combination gas and oil range construction in modern stoves in which the gas plates are below the stove top over the portion occupied by the oil burner. In the top surface of the top member I5 I have also located slots 24 in the front edge of the opening 2| so that the oil burner may be 30 lighted without removing the member‘ I5 with the conventional torch usually provided for the purpose. It should also be noted that while I deflect and direct the heat over the oven when the cover 22 35 is in place, at the same time, the radiated heat from the cover 22 and top member I5 is consider able and a hot stove top is always present when the oil burner is in operation. @ I also wish to point out the fact that I may 40 build an oil burner incorporating my device there in and in such construction the sleeves I2 and 4.5 that the visible ?ame from the burner II] can be seen Well over the center of the top- of the oven I‘! in much the'same manner as in a coal range in which wood is being used with a good draft. While I have described my invention some— what in detail yet it is to be understood that I may vary the shape and design of my apparatus within wide latitude within the spirit of the invention. Having thus described my invention what I claim as new is: 1. A heat control for oil burners and the like comprising in combination, a sleeve partially sur rounding the outer sleeve of a conventional oil burner, a plurality of lugs located on the lower 15 sides of said sleeve being adapted to engage over the upper edge of an oil burner sleeve, a top heat de?ector member engaged over the said ?rst sleeve, means for attaching said top to said ?rst sleeve, an opening located in the central portion 20 of said top member, a cover adapted to ?t in said opening, torch lighter slots located in the top member and communicating with said opening, said slots extending beyond the outer periphery of said cover. ' 25 2. A heat control attachment for oil burners and the like comprising in combination, a sleeve partially surrounding the outer sleeve of a con ventional oil burner adjacent its top end, a ?anged top ?tted over said ?rst sleeve and having 30 an opening in its central portion, a cover adapted to engage in said opening. 3. A heat control and director comprising an oil burner sleeve open on one side adjacent the top, a top plate located on said sleeve and having 35 an extended de?ector edge projecting out over the open portion of said sleeve, a removable cover in combination with said top member adapted to direct the ?ame of said oil burner out under said projecting edge of said top- member. 4. A heat director for oil burners comprising, I3 would be one piece preferably but having the an outer sleeve, a top cover member engaged on same general shape and contour as in the pres the upper edge of said sleeve and being further provided with an outwardly extended top por tion, the said sleeve being further provided with 45 a cut-away opening directly below the said ex ent showing. In either case it should be under stood that the sleeve portion I3 is preferably not perforated as in the case of the sleeve I 2. In actual practice, the direction of the ?ame from under the top member I5 is so effective tended top portion. GUY C. CARPENTER.