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Патент USA US2113079

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April 5, 1938.
‘
G. c. CARPENTER 7
HEAT CONTROL FOR OIL BURNERS
Filed Sept. 26, 1936
2,113,079
Patented Apr. 5, 1938
2,113,079
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,113,079
HEAT CONTROL FOR OIL BURNERS
Guy 0. Carpenter, Medford, Mass.
Application September 26, 1936, Serial No. 102,665
4 Claims. (Cl. 126—44)
My present invention relates to oil burners and
Referring more in detail to the drawing, ID
more particularly to an attachment for oil burn
ers which increases the ‘heat and directs it over
and around the oven compartment of the stove
indicates a conventional oil burner unit mounted
in the usual manner in a combination gas and
oil range II , the burner being provided with the
in which the oil burner is used.
Many stoves in which oil burners are used in
cluding combination gas and oil ranges fail to
produce quick heat in the oven compartment
when the oil burner is in operation. This failure
is due in some cases because the heat generated
from the oil burner has a natural tendency to rise
straight up from the oil burner ‘and while the
top of the stove over the burner can be heated
very hot yet little heat is produced in the oven.
This condition is particularly noticeable in com
bination gas and oil ranges in which the passage
conventional perforated sleeve I2 which is cylin
drical in shape.
My improved attachment is composed of three
major parts and is adapted to attach to the sleeve
I2 of the burner.
At I3 I have shown a secondary sleeve which
comprises a sheet metal member, the side adja~
over the oven has been greatly reduced due to
burners vary in heighth so that the top. of the
sleeve I2 may be lower or higher with respect
to the top of the oven. ‘This is important with
my device if the best results are to be obtained.
I have found by actual experiment that my heat
the space occupied by the gas burners.
While I have shown my invention in the form
of an attachment to be used with a standard oil
20 burner it is to be understood that I may combine
my improvement, in certain respects, with certain
conventional parts of an oil burner thereby sim
plifying the construction.
The principal object therefore of my invention
is an improved oil burner for kitchen ranges and
the like;
Another object is an improved heat control for
oil burners which is adapted to increase efficiency
30
of the said oil burner;
-
Still another object is an improved heat con~
trol for oil burners which directs the heat from
the burner over the top of the oven of the stove
in which the oil burner is located;
And still another object is an improved heat
control for oil burners and the like which is ca~
pable of directing the heat over the oven or up
under the covers of the range at the will of the
operator, and
Other objects and novel features comprising
40 the construction and operation of my invention
will be apparent as the description of the same
progresses.
_
In the drawing illustrating the preferred em
bodiment
of my invention,
g1. 01
Fig. 1 shows a broken outline of a conventional
gas and oil range, a conventional oil burner be
ing shown in solid lines, to which my invention
has been attached;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged plan view of my new at
tachment with its cover in place;
Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the attachment
with the cover removed, and
Fig. 4 is a cross-section taken on the line 4-4
55
of Fig. 2.
cent the oven being open and the ends I 4 ex
tending beyond the center of the sleeve I2 in the
direction of the oven side of the burner.
Some oil burners are provided with sleeves sim
ilar to sleeve I2 but varying in heighth also some
de?ecting top member I5 should be positioned
approximately one inch higher than the front
edge I6 of the stove oven I‘I. Having the above
various sittings of oil burners in mind I have de
vised a means of overcoming these variations by
providing a sleeve I3 with a series of offset lugs
I8 which are struck out from the sleeve I3 and
25
which are adapted to engage over one side of
the top of the burner sleeve I2, the lugs being on 30
the inside and the sleeve I3 being on the outside.
I may provide several sets of these lugs, the draw
ing showing two sets, which is optional. In as
sembling my attachment, it is ?rst determined
where the proper heighth should be and then 35
cutting off any surplus material and lugs below
the lugs to be used. In this manner one design
of the sleeve I3 is made to ?t any heighth de
sired.
To the top of the sleeve I3 I attach a top mem
ber I5, previously referred to. This top member
comprises a flat top having a downwardly ex
tending flange III the inside face of which is.
designed to snugly receive the top edge of the
sleeve I3. It will also be noted that the flange I9 45
is eliminated on theside adjacent the oven. Pins
20 which are either cast on the top I5 or inserted
otherwise are provided to engage on the inner
side of the sleeve I3 and act to bind the sleeve I3
against the inner surface of the ?ange I9 when
in place. In the central part of the top I5 I
have provided an opening 2| within which is
?tted a cover 22.
When the cover 22 is removed the heat from
the burner rises against the top of the stove or 55
2
2,113,079
the bottom of the stove covers. While this use of
the apparatus operates in the same manner as in
an oil burner without my attachment, with my
attachment the heat is more effective on the top
of the stove because the sleeve I3 and the ?at
top of the member I5 around the opening 2i
concentrate the heat under the stove top and
prevents such heat from being wasted around the
front side of the stove below the top. This is
10 one of the principal effects of my invention but
when it is desired to» bake in the oven II, the
cover 22 is placed in the opening 2I and the
heat is then prevented from rising directly to
the top‘ of the stove and is directed over the top
15 of the oven and into the draft passages indicated
by the arrows, the natural chimney draft carry
ing the heat around the oven.
Under ordinary conditions, without my attach
ment, the heat from the oil burner has a tend
20 ency to rise to the top‘ of the stove in the com
25
partment indicated at 23 and becomes trapped
there instead of ?owing freely over the ‘oven.
This is very noticeable in combination gas and
oil range construction in modern stoves in which
the gas plates are below the stove top over the
portion occupied by the oil burner.
In the top surface of the top member I5 I
have also located slots 24 in the front edge of
the opening 2| so that the oil burner may be
30 lighted without removing the member‘ I5 with
the conventional torch usually provided for the
purpose.
It should also be noted that while I deflect and
direct the heat over the oven when the cover 22
35 is in place, at the same time, the radiated heat
from the cover 22 and top member I5 is consider
able and a hot stove top is always present when
the oil burner is in operation.
@
I also wish to point out the fact that I may
40 build an oil burner incorporating my device there
in and in such construction the sleeves I2 and
4.5
that the visible ?ame from the burner II] can be
seen Well over the center of the top- of the oven
I‘! in much the'same manner as in a coal range
in which wood is being used with a good draft.
While I have described my invention some—
what in detail yet it is to be understood that I
may vary the shape and design of my apparatus
within wide latitude within the spirit of the
invention.
Having thus described my invention what I
claim as new is:
1. A heat control for oil burners and the like
comprising in combination, a sleeve partially sur
rounding the outer sleeve of a conventional oil
burner, a plurality of lugs located on the lower 15
sides of said sleeve being adapted to engage over
the upper edge of an oil burner sleeve, a top heat
de?ector member engaged over the said ?rst
sleeve, means for attaching said top to said ?rst
sleeve, an opening located in the central portion 20
of said top member, a cover adapted to ?t in said
opening, torch lighter slots located in the top
member and communicating with said opening,
said slots extending beyond the outer periphery
of said cover.
'
25
2. A heat control attachment for oil burners
and the like comprising in combination, a sleeve
partially surrounding the outer sleeve of a con
ventional oil burner adjacent its top end, a
?anged top ?tted over said ?rst sleeve and having 30
an opening in its central portion, a cover adapted
to engage in said opening.
3. A heat control and director comprising an
oil burner sleeve open on one side adjacent the
top, a top plate located on said sleeve and having 35
an extended de?ector edge projecting out over
the open portion of said sleeve, a removable cover
in combination with said top member adapted to
direct the ?ame of said oil burner out under said
projecting edge of said top- member.
4. A heat director for oil burners comprising,
I3 would be one piece preferably but having the
an outer sleeve, a top cover member engaged on
same general shape and contour as in the pres
the upper edge of said sleeve and being further
provided with an outwardly extended top por
tion, the said sleeve being further provided with 45
a cut-away opening directly below the said ex
ent showing. In either case it should be under
stood that the sleeve portion I3 is preferably not
perforated as in the case of the sleeve I 2.
In actual practice, the direction of the ?ame
from under the top member I5 is so effective
tended top portion.
GUY C. CARPENTER.
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