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Патент USA US2113122

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2,113,122 '
‘Patented Apr. 5, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE "
2,113,122
PADDIN-G MATERIAL FOR JEWELRY CON
TAINERS
Raymond E. Reed, Walpole, Mass, assignor to
The Kendall Company, Boston, Mass., a cor
poration of Massachusetts
No Drawing. Application ’May 1, 1935,
Serial No. 19,265
10 Claims. (Cl. 19-145)
The present invention relates to a jewelers’
cotton or padding material for jewelry containers.
This novel material is particularly adapted for
use in the packaging of inexpensive jewelry,
5 wherein it is adapted to support and display the
jewelry within the box or container.
preferably but not necessarily, containing nat
ural wax and oil within the ?bre, is bleached,
and carded. A number of cards may be used,
most of. them turning out cotton, but one ‘or
more carding arti?cial cellulosio ?bres, such, for 5
example, as rayon. The layers from the cards
My material presents decided advantages over
the usual material which has been used hereto
fore for this purpose, and moreover, a web of
10 my material presents a beautiful lustre which
may be varied as hereinafter mentioned and thus
provides an advantageous background for the
display of the jewelry. The web possesses'a high
are superposed to form a web. In this procedure,
a layer of these dry-assembled rayon ?bres may
appear only on one surface of the ?nished prod
10
uct, on both surfaces, or also within theweb.
When a layer or layers of rayon ?bre are posi
tioned within the web, the web may, if desired,
be subsequently separated at the laminations so
formed. In this industry it is often desired to
loft with little or no tendency to pack down or
divide a cotton web or bat into two or more equal 15
15 mat, even when rolled into the rolls in which it
layers. Whereas it is extremely dii?cult to di- ~
may conveniently be. supplied to the trade. The '
generally non-absorbent property of my material
is also of great advantage.‘ Inexpensive jewelry
is likely to tarnishjf it remains in contact .with
moisture as would be the case if it were pack
aged with an absorbent material. My material
furtherpossesses considerable web strength, the
web while light and fluffy having su?icient co
hesive strength to permitrolling, unrolling and
handling without loss of identity and integrity
vide the ordinary cotton web equally, in this em-'
1bodiment of my novel product the rayon layer or
layers serve as lines of demarcation which make
possible ready separation of the web into uniform 20
layers.
-
.
Instead of forming a laminated structure I
'may mix the carded cotton and arti?cial ?bres
throughout the web.-
‘
My ?nished web secures in a unitary structure 25
dual characteristics, the curled and kinky nature
of the web and without losing its form or dimen
of the cotton ?bre imparting loft and non-ab
sions. Jewelry has a tendency to pick up short sorbent
and non-crimping properties to the web,
or broken ?bres on the surface of the padding
but the smooth, uniform ?bres presented by the , while the smooth, uniform, lustrous rayon ?bres,
alone would not be suitable for jewelers’ ‘30
surface of my padding material prevent this. which
cotton due to lack of strength and resiliency and
My material also resists “crimping", or the tend
tendency to crimp when out, not only enhance
ency for the ?bres to adhere together at the edge
appearance of the web but minimize the un
of the piece when cut into suitable sizes for the the
containers. Crimping is a serious disadvantage desirable picking up of ?bres by the jewelry and
in a padding material for jewelry containers since permit separation of the rolled web without 515- 35
it impairs the ?ui?ness or loft of the cut product. ni?cant adherence of one layer to .‘another. I
I obtain this advantageous product by a novel Rayon ?bres having ?bre lengths well in excess of '
combination of generally non-absorbent carded. any lengths obtainable with cotton ?bres may
cotton ?bres which may preferably, although not . well be used. The lustre of the web may be varied
necessarily,
contain a fatty body such as wax or over a wide range by varying the diameter of the 40_
40
arti?cial ?bre and by the use of delustering treat
oil, and arti?cial cellulosic ?bres such, for ex
ample, as are produced by the viscose or cupram- ~ ments to which such ?bre is susceptible.
A body of cotton ?bre may be dyed and coated
monium processes.
‘
‘The chemical treatment of cotton ?bre known with 'a layer of dyed or undyed arti?cial cellu-'
;_ as the “boil” will remove the Waxes and oils
losic- ?bre of a thickness permitting the color of
naturally present in the ?bre. For my present‘ the dyed cotton to be visible through the coating,
purpose I preferably control the boil so that when the material will present a brilliance and
while the waxes and oils are removed from the
surface of the ?bre, wax and oil remain within
the individual ?bres wherethey may enhance the
resiliency, non-absorbency, strength and non
crimping properties of the ?nal product. ,
As an example of one way of preparing my
product in the form of a web, the following may
5 be given: The cotton as it comes from the boil,
specular re?ection previously unknown in dyed
material.
I
_ 50
' Not only regenerated cellulose ?bre such as is
produced by the viscose or cuprammonium- procl '
esses, but also cellulose vesters and ethers may be
used in combination with cotton ?bres of. the ‘
type speci?ed. While such cellulosic ?bres are 55
2
2,113,122‘
preferred for use’ in my invention, natural sill:
but coherent web-having a ?u?‘iness and loft
may also be used.
comparable to‘ carded cotton.
.
My material may be rolled tightly into a roll
and supplied to the trade in this vform, yet with
out the use ofany lnterlining between successive
layers of the roll these layers will retain their
identity and will unroll without substantial ad
herence of one layer to another. This advan
tageous property is enhanced when» the web pre
10 sents at its surface a layer of arti?cial ?bres.
These ?bres do not intermesh and tangle to
gether under pressure as do cotton ?bres.
A suitable web may also be produced by the use
of China cotton, which presents a short, curly,
15 very wiry ?bre. Prior to my invention this ma
terial, which is ideal from the standpoint of loft
and resiliency, could not be used for jewelers’
cotton because of its appearance when carded.
When combined with arti?cial cellulosic or silk
20 ?bres in accordance with my invention, however,
China cotton (as also garnetted materials which
are very economical to produce) makes a highly
satisfactory'material for this purpose.
I claim:
25
,
v
1. As a new article of manufacture, a padding
material for jewelry containers, said material
comprising a body of tangled cotton ?bre, indi
vidual fibres of which are relatively non-absorbent
and non-crimping, and a superimposed layer of
30
relatively absorbent, lustrous, smooth, uniform,
unwoven arti?cial ?bres, said arti?cial ?bres be
,
5. As a new article of manufacture, jewelers’
cotton in web form, said web comprising tangled
cotton ?bres which are resilient and relatively
non-absorbent,- the tangled cotton ?bres being (a
associated in the web with a plurality of layers
of lustrous smooth, unwoven, arti?cial ?bres, said -
arti?cial ?bres being dry-assembled, unbonded
and discontinuous longitudinally of said web.
6. As a new article of manufacture, a layer of
10 .'
colored, tangled,- carded cotton ?bre, and super—
posed thereon a layer of lustrous, smooth, un
woven arti?cial-cellulosic ?bres, said arti?cial
. ?bres being dry-assembled, unbonded, and dis
continuous longitudinally of said layer to form
with the cotton ?bre layer a laminated web hav- j
ing a loft and ?u?inesscomparable to carded cot
ton, the color of the tangled cotton web being
visible through the arti?cial ?bre layer.
_7. As a new article of manufacture, a padding
material for jewelry containers, said material
comprising a body of tangled cotton ?bre, indié
vidual ?bres of which are relatively non-ab
sorbent and non-crimping and contain natural
wax and oil, and a superimposed layer of rela
tively absorbent, lustrous, smooth, uniform, un- '
woven arti?cial ?bres, said, arti?cial ?bres being
dry-assembled, unbonded, and discontinuous
longitudinally of said material to form with said
cotton ?bres a laminated web, having a loft and
ing dry-assembled, unbonded, and discontinuous ?u?lness comparable to carded cotton, said web
longitudinally of said material toform with said ‘capable of rolling and unrolling without sub
cotton ?bres a laminated web having a loft and
?uf?ness comparable to carded‘cotton, said web
capable of rolling and unrolling without substan-'
stantial, adherence of one convolution to another.
8. As a new article of‘manufacture, a padding
tial adherence of one convolution to another.
materialfor jewelry containers, said material be
ing in web form and comprising tangled cotton
. 2. As anew article of manufacture, .a padding
?bres which contain a fatty body such as wax or
material for jewelry containers, said material be
40 ing in web form and the web being in the form of
a roll, the web comprising tangled cotton ?bres
oil and are relatively non-absorbent and non
which are relatively non-absorbent and‘ non
crimping, and lustrous, smooth, unwoven arti
?cial cellulosic ?bres, said arti?cial ?bres being
dry-assembled, unbonded and discontinuous
crimping, and lustrous, smooth, unwoven arti-.
?cial cellulosic ?bres, said arti?cial ?bres being
sessing strength, resilience and loft comparable
unbonded and forming with said cotton ?bres an
unfelted, coherent web having a loft and ?umness
- comparable to carded cotton, successive layers of
the roll being in direct contact with each other
yet capable of unrolling without substantial ad
herence of one ‘convolution to another and with; '
outloss of identity of the web as such.
3. As'a new article of manufacture, a padding
material forjewelry containers, said material be
longitudinally of the web, the web as a whole pos
to carded cotton.
_
9. As an article of manufacture, a web com
prising intermixed resilient, relatively non-ab
sorbent, hon-crimping, tangled, cotton ?bres
containing wax and oil, and unwoven, arti?cial
cellulosic ?bres, the cotton ?bres and arti?cial
?bres intermixed to form an unfelted but co
herent web having a ?u?'lness and loft compar
able to carded cotton.
~
-
ing in web form and comprising tangled cotton
10. As a new article of manufacture, a padding
?bres which are relatively non-absorbent and material for jewelry containers, said material
non-crimping, and lustrous, smooth, unwoven comprising a body of tangled cotton ?bre, indi
arti?cial cellulosic ?bres, said arti?cial ?bres be
vidual ?bres of which are relatively non-absorb
ing dry-assembled, unbonded’ and discontinuous 'ent and non-crimping, having associated there
longitudinally of the web, the web as a whole pos- . with lustrous, unwoven, dry-assembled silk ?bres,
sessing strength, resilience and loft comparable said silk ?bres discontinuous longitudinally of‘ '
to carded cotton.
said material and forming with the cotton ?bres
4. As‘ an article of manufacture, a web com-‘
prising resilient, relatively non-absorbent, non
crimping, tangled, cotton ?bres and unwoven,
65 arti?cial cellulosic ?bres, the cotton ?bres and
arti?cial ?bres intermixed to form an unfelted
a unitary strip having a loft and ?u?iness com
parable to carded cotton and capable of being
rolled and unrolled without substantial adherence
of one convolution to another.
‘
RAYMOND E. REED. ;
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