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April 5, 1938.‘
2,113,287 _
W. G. BALDENHOFER
MACHINE FOR GRINDING AND SHARPENING BROACHES
Filed June 14, 1957
15 Sheets-Sheet l
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April 5, 1938.
w. e. BALDENHOFER
2,113,287
MACHINE FOR GRINDING ANDISHARFENING BROACHES
Filed June 14, 1937
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Filed June 14, 1937
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MACHINE FOR GRINDING ‘AND SHARPENING BROACHES
Filed Junev 14, 1937
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Filed June 14, 1937
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15 'Sh>eets—vShe‘et 15
' Filed Juné 14, 1957
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attorneys
Patented Apr.‘ 5, 1938
2,113,287 '
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,113,287,
MACHINE FOR. GRINDING AND SHARPEN
mo BROACHES
William G. Baldenhofer, Spring?eld, Ohio, as
signor to The Thompson Grinder Company,
Spring?eld, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application June 14, 1937, SerialNo.148,081
25 Claims. (01.51-56)
This invention relates to improvements in ma
chines for grindingand sharpening broaches, it
more particularly relating to machines which are
tuated by ‘electrical means set in operation by
an electrical switch whose actuating devices are
located in the path of the broach teeth so that
when any one of the teeth makes contact there
While broaches have been in use for many with it will ‘stop the feeding~ movement of the 5’
years, it has only been recently that an extensive table and set in operation another hydraulic
use has been made of them, more particularly in motor by controlling its valve to impart‘ recipro
the automotive and refrigerator manufacturing cation to the grinding wheel head, the grinding“
?elds, and breaching machines at times having. wheel head .making one cycle of“ movement and
10 several broaches are now employed in great num
stopping by a form of hydraulic and electrical 10
bers. Generally, there are more ?at broaches control.
__
than any other kind, such broaches being used to
The control member which makes contact with
machine pads, bosses and the like on work pieces the teeth of a broach is mounted upon the tool
held in ?xtures, and the machine here illus
head and is brought out of engagement with the ~ ‘
trated and described is more particularly adapted teeth as the too] head moves to bring the grind- 15
to the sharpening of ?at'broaches, although some ing wheel into operative'position with the teeth‘. of its principles are equally applicable to the As the tool head completes its cycle of movement
sharpening of round broaches. The broaches are controlling devices connected therewith operate
removably secured to the breaching machines so to stop the'hydraulic motor which moves the tool
that they may be taken off and re-sharpened, head and start the hydraulic motorv that moves :0
which operation is necessary in some cases every the table The tooth that is to be ground is the
two or'three days.
one that is contacted by the table stopping mech
The machine consists broadly of the following anism. Therefore, this machine is adapted for
parts: A support is provided for the broachlduring the grinding of broach teeth ‘which are either‘
the sharpening operation which in the present regularly spaced or irregularly spaced which 25
case is a magnetic chuck mounted on a table
would relieve the manufacturer of making
together with means for imparting a step-by-step broaches with regularly spaced teeth for con-A
adapted to perform this work automatically. '
feeding 'inovement'to the table, the chuck being
mounted on the table at a predetermined angle ..
depending upon the taper of the broach.
_A grinding wheel of the disk type is mounted
in a carriage which has means for reciprocating
it with the grinding wheel parallel with the work
ing faces of the teeth, provision being made in
35 the present case for providing for one cycle of
the grinding wheel for each tooth. The recipro
‘ cation of the grinding wheel is accurately ‘timed
with the step-by-step feeding movement of the
table that supports the broachv so that when the
40 grinding wheel is withdrawn from its grinding
position with relation to the broach the table will
be fed to bring the next tooth in line with the
grinding wheel which is then given another cycle
of movement and so on until the forward working
' faces of the teeth of the broach have all been
operated upon.
The table" which supports the broach is re
5.5
venience in sharpening.
'
One of the objects of the invention is the pro
vision of a grinding machine for sharpening'go'
broaches whereby the initial sharpening oper- '
ation of the cutting edges of the broach teeth
may be carried out automatically, and by the same
operation a re-sharpening operation may be per
formed upon the teeth of thebroach which have
become dulled from use.
A further object of the invention is to pro
vide'in a machine of this character in which the
broach' to be sharpened or given a step-by-step
feeding movement, automatic means controlled 40
by the broach teeth for stopping the feeding
movement of the broach at a proper point to be
operated upon by a reciprocatory grinding wheel;
a further and more specific object in this connec
tion being to provide an operating member adapt
ed to be brought alternately in the path of the
forward or cutting sides of the broach teeth,
stored to. its initial starting position, another which member is so connected with the control
grinding wheel of a cup-type is substituted for device of the step-by-step feeding mechanism for
the disk type grinding wheel andthe operation ' the broach that it \will act to stop the feed of
repeated to grind the lands of the teeth of the the broach when it is contacted by a tooth.
broach.
‘
A further object of the invention is to provide
The step-by-step movement of the table which in a machine of this character which has a re
supports the broach is accomplished by a hy
ciprocatory grinding wheel, automatic means for
draulic motor, the control valve of which is ac
imparting a reciprocatory movement to the grind- 55
2
2,118,287
ing wheel at each stoppage of the broach feeding
mechanism and thereafter‘arresting the recipro
Fig. 22 is a view partly in elevation and partly
catory movement of the grinding wheel until a
succeeding broach tooth has been fed and stopped
in section on a larger scale as compared to Figs.
7 and 9 of a device‘employed in controlling move
ments of the work piece supporting means, i. e.,
in cooperative relation with said grinding wheel. .
an electric switch.
A further object of the invention is to provide
.
_
Fig. 23 is a fragmentary section on the line
simple and effective means for adjusting the
23—-23 of Fig. 22 showing the switch in end ele
angle of the grinding wheel to bring it into con
vation.
formity with the angle of the broach teeth.
/
A further object of the invention is to com
10
_
i
Fig. 24 is a horizontal fragmentary section on
pensate for the taper of the breach to be sharp
ened by providing simple and effective means for
elevating the low end of the breach to bring all
the line 24-44 of Fig. 23 showing a. top plan view 10
of the switch.
Fig. 25 is‘ an elevation of a portion of the
switch devices shown in Fig; 22 with some of the
of the teeth of the breach in the same relation
parts in a different working position.
with the grinding wheel.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 26 is a view similar to Fig. 25 ‘showing the 15
same parts in an ensuing working position.
Fig. 27 is a view similar to Figs. 25 and 26 but
with the parts in a still different working posi
Fig. 1 is a, front elevation of the broach grind
ing machine.
'
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view partly in side ele
20 vation and partly in vertical section on a slight
ly enlarged scale of a portion of the machine as
shown in Fig. 1.
'
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary horizontal section on
the line 3—3 of Fig. 2.‘
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary top‘ plan view of the
25
machine on the same scale as Fig. 1.
. '
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary front eleva
tion of the machine showing an arrangement of
the grinding wheel and electric control devices
.30
for one grinding operation.
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5 with the parts
~ therein shown in position for another grinding
operation.
Fig. '1 is a side elevation of the machine on a
tion.
‘
Fig. 28 is a front elevation of an electrical de-' 20
vice and a portion of its supporting means. the
device being the table stopping and head start- _
' ing switch. '
'
Fig. 29 is a side elevation ‘of the switch.
Fig. 30 is anenlarged front elevation. with a 25
small portion in section of the switch with the
front cover removed.
.
‘
Fig. 31 is a view partly in elevation and-partly
in vertical section of the device shown in Fig. 30,
the sectional portion being taken on the line 3 l-Sl 30
of Fig. 30, the view showing the cover in place.
Fig. 32 is a fragmentary side elevation of the
lower portion of the device shown in Fig. 30.
Fig. 33 is an enlarged fragmentary front ele
35 slightly enlarged scale as compared to Fig. 1.v
vation of some of the devices shown in Fig. 1
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary horizontal section on _ with the control panel removed and portions of
the line 8-8 of Fig. 7.
the'base broken away.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary side elevation of a
portion of the machine on a larger scale, it be
40 ing a view of a portion of the grinding wheel mo
tor carrying devices.
Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 9 partly in ele
vation and partly in section, the portion in sec
tion being taken on the line lI-IO of Fig. 1.
Fig. 11 is a partial transverse vertical section
on a larger scale on the line ll-—|l of Fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical
section on a reduced scale on the line I2-I2 of
Fig. 11.
.
Fig. 13 is a horizontal sectional view on the
‘line l3—l3 of Fig. 9 withportions broken away
to show certain parts, the view showing portions
of the wheel head controlling devices.
'
working'position.
_
'
Fig. 3'? is a fragmentary transverse vertical
section on the line 31-41 of Fig. 34.
_
Fig. 38 is a fragmentary horizontal section on
position.
Fig. 15 is a fragmentary view similar to Figs.
draulic control system, a portion of the dia
Fig. 16 is a perspective view on a larger scale
supplementing Figs. 13, 14, and 15 of portions of
thewheel head controlling devices in one work
ing position with portions being shown partly in
section.
.,
.
.
.
.
.
gram'being in perspective.
-
, Fig. 40 is a diagram of the electrical control?
ling circuits. I '
Fig. 41 is a. fragmentary top plan view of a
detail, 1. e., a work-piece supporting device in
the form of a typical magnetic chuck having my
improved-devices for tilting the chuck to a de
Fig. 20 is a' transverse section on ‘the’. line
7}
‘
_
-
Fig. 21 is a view similar to Fig. 20 with one'of
the parts in a different working position.
angle.
'
I
<
'
'
Fig. 42 is a front elevation of the chuck and
tilting ?xtures illustrated in Fig. 41.
‘
-
Fig. 43 is a view similarto Fig. 42 but showing
the chuck in a different working position. '
the chuck and ?xture.
I draulic controlling device.
_~
sired
.
Fig. 44 is an and elevation of the left end of
‘Fig. 19 is an elevation of a wheel head hy
20-20 of Fig. 19.
'
' Fig. 39 is a schematic illustration of the hy-l as ‘
I
Fig. 17 is a view similarto Fig. 16 but with the
parts in a different working position”
Fig. 18 isva view similar to Figs. 16 and 17
with the parts in a still different working posi-‘
tion.
" 76
’
Fig. 35 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig.
33 with a portion of the control ‘panel secured
in'place; a portion of the view is in longitudinal‘
section.
Fig. 36 is a view partly in elevation similar 45
to Figs. 33_and 35 and on the same scale, and
partly in longitudinal vertical ‘section, the sec
tional portion being taken on the line 3648 of
Fig.- 34. The view shows parts in a different
the line 38-30 of Hg. 37.
different working'position as compared to Fig. 14. .
70
electro-hydraulic table control devices.
Fig. v14 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig.
13 but with certain parts in a different working
13 and 14, but with certain of the parts in a still
65
Fig. 34 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal
section'on the line 34-34 of Fig. 33 showing the
_
~
"Fig. 45 is an end elevation of the right end of the chuck and ?xture.
_
I
,
>
. -Fig.§46 is a vfragmentary view similar to the
left end of Fig. 42 but on a much larger scale,
70
3
2,113,287
with ‘broken-away portions shown in longitudinal
section.
.
a
inclination of the teeth of one broach may be
opposite to that of the inclination of another,
s
Fig. 47 is a fragmentary view similar to the
left end of Fig. 43 but on the increased scale of
Fig. 46 with broken-away portions shown in lon
gitudinal section.‘ The view shows the device in
a different working position.
Fig. 48 is a fragmentary partial top plan and
horizontal sectional view of the left end of the
10 chuck and ?xture, the sectional portion of the
view being taken on the line 48—48 of Fig. 46.
for the purpose of neutralizing the side-thrust
developed by any of a plurality of broaches em
ployed in a multi-broach machine.
Heretofore, the manufacture and sharpening
of the teeth of ?at broaches has been performed
on a variety of grinding machines, substantially
all of which are improvised machines and manu
ally operable.
Movements by hand of certain 10
elements of the early grinding machines such as
' Fig. 49 is an enlarged fragmentary front ele
the work table, toolhead, etc, may be but slightly
vation of the chuck tilting ?xture, showing the
graduated collars.
slower per movement than is found for corre
sponding elements in the machine of the present
Fig. 50 is a plan view of a typical ?at broach.
Fig. 51 is a side elevation of the same broach
as seen in Fig. 50, showing in an exaggerated
experienced operator, yet the experienced op
manner the “taper” of the broach.
-
Fig. 5211s a plan view of a typical ?at broach
20 having cutting teeth disposed angularly to pro
vide a shearing cut.
Fig. 53 is a plan view of a typical broach
similar to the broach seen in Fig. 52, except that
the angularly disposed teeth are of opposite hand.
Description of typical ?at broaches
Referring to the drawings and especially’ to
Figs. 50 to 53, inclusive, typical ?at broaches are
shown, hereinafter referred to as the work-piece
30 or work. The improved grinding machine of the
present application has been designed for the
grinding of such broaches in an accurate and
convenient manner. Reference is made not only
to grinding operations on the teeth involved in
application, when such hand is operated by an
erator has difficulty in rapidly and correctly
“spotting” the table for the action of the grind
ing wheel on a particular broach tooth.
It will be explained that by the present electro 20
hydraulic control system, each tooth is “spotted”
more readily than by any‘ hand method, and,
further, the uniformly smooth movement im
parted to a tool-head by the hydraulic system
employed is such than wheel wear is reduced. 25
If wheel wear is excessive in the length of a
broach, it may not be possible to provide ‘that
the tooth increments of the teeth last ground
are as intended, such teeth possibly taking heavier
cuts than are contemplated, with the result that 30
tooth breakage occurs, or at the best, the ?nish
of the surface so far as quality is concerned is
poorer.
'
Also, in some of the earlier grinding machines,
the manufacture of new broaches, but also to the
sharpening operations on broaches which have
the capacity of the machine as regards‘ broaches ~
become dull in service.
broaches of comparatively small angle. To grind"
'
having a shearing cut tooth angle is limited to
To a certain extent, a ?at broach may be
one having a comparatively large angle, it is
likened to a large ?le, by the use of which in
40 the especially designed broaching machines now
often necessary to reset the broach one or more
employed, a surface such as a boss or face of
' 1a pad on a casting, forging or like work-piece
may be ?nished to a commercially satisfactory
surface by a single pass of the broach over the
work-piece. Flat broaches vary in widths and
lengths, and are usually of squareor rectangular
times, with resulting slight errors that affect 40
accuracy and quality of ?nish obtained.
General description of machine
Referring to the drawings, l represents a base
on which is slidably mounted a table 2 in a V
cross-section. In use, a ?at broach is removably
way 3 and a ?atway 4. On the upper surface
of the table is mounted a magnetic chuck 5 with
‘ secured to the forward side of the ram of a
arrangement for tilting by raising one end higher
broaching machine, which ram generally is
adapted to slide vertically in vertical ways in the
broaching machine,_a descent from the upper
portion and return thereto, being termed the
than the other by means of fixtures which will
be described later. The grinding wheel 6 is driven
by a small motor 6' which is swivelly mounted by
working and return strokes, respectively, of the
ram and broach.
'
Referring to Fig. 50, it will be seen that in the
forward side of the ?at broach‘ 25 there is formed
a series of teeth 24 and in the descent or working
stroke of the ram, each successive tooth of the
broach engages a casting or forging or the like
held in a suitable ?xture and removes stock from
the same and thereby ?nishes the surface.
Although the procedure following varies in,
practice, the casting may beremoved at this time,
the operator then returning the ram and broach
to the upper portion of the ramways in readiness
for a following working stroke.
- In some instances, the cutting teeth are formed
45
means of a dowel '! in a slide 8. The slide 8 is
arranged for movement by a screw 8' and hand
wheel 8" thereon in a horizontal direction by a
dovetailed slide arrangement (Figs. 2 and 3) in 55
the lower downturned leg9 of an angular tool
head bracket Ill which in turn is slidably sup
ported on the lower side 'of a swivel casting mem- . I
ber H. In the present instance the mounting
of the tool head bracket ID for slidable motion 60
with reference to the swivel casting II is by
means of ball bearings, there being a series of
balls l2 on each side (Fig. 11), a. central sta
tionary ball race member l3 having a V-groove
raceway I4 in each side attached to the lower 65
portion of the swivel member II. In the upper
in the broach substantially squarely across the
face of the broach, as indicated in Fig. 50. While
horizontal portion of the toolv head bracket I0
this formation may serve for some metals, it is
more often found that the teeth are formed
angularly across the broaches 26 and 21, as seen
side, the one on the right in Fig. 1 and Fig. 11
being clamped by a retaining bar l6 while the
raceway from the left side is clamped by a re
in Figs. 52 and 53, whereby a shearing action is
provided. These views show instances of vary
75 ing tooth angles 28 ‘and 28’, and also how the
taining bar I‘! with a taper gib I8 being inter
posed between the vertical side IQ of .the angle
bracket III in order to provide an adjustment of
companion raceways l5 are secured, one on each
2,113,287
the pressure of the raceway on the balls to take
up
for wear.
I
g
.
A
The swivel member II is swivelly supported on
the under side of the projecting portion 20 of the
saddle member 2! by means of T-head boltsv 22
whose heads are let into a circular T-slot 23. A
hollow boss ll’ (Fig. 10) on the upper side of the
swivel member fits into a bore H" in the lower
10
82 the tool head may pass through this hollow
ss.
20
_
Hydraulic system
The power for manipulating the work table 2
andthe grinding wheel head is by hydraulic
motors electrically controlled. Referring to the
means employed for providing motion to the work
10
(Fig. 1) having a cylinder head 50 secured to the
base I, and a cylinder head 5| at the right end of '
the cylinder through which passes a cylinder
piston rod 52. Within the cylinder 49 is slidably
disposed a piston 53 on the inner end of the piston
rod 52 while the outer end of the piston rod 52 is
It is thus seen that the swivel member may be
swung from the right or left to the tooth angle as
found on the broach to be ground. For example,
secured to a bracket 54 attached to the apron 55 .
the tooth angle 28 on the broach 26, Fig. 52, indi
the work piece by means of a hydraulic motor 20
‘
cates that the swivel II should be set to a corre
25
work.
portion of the projecting portion 20, the T-slot
there is provided a hydraulic motor indi
23 being concentrically disposed with relation to 'table
cated in general at 48 consisting of a cylinder 49
the axis of the boss I l’. The boss II’ is prefer
ably of the comparatively large size shown in
order to provide that the electrical conductors,
conduits and the ‘like essential to the operation
15
of the swivel casting member I I is such as to pro
-vide fore and aft movement of the wheel over the
of the work table 2.
The tool head receives its motion for traversing
sponding angle as shown by the full line position
indicated in general at 56. The cylinder 56' of
of the member I l in Fig. 4. A protractor scale
29 is provided to enable the operator to conven
vertical wall\5.1 (Fig. 10) of the hollow box-like
iently arrive at the proper setting. Also, for
broaches having teeth of the angle 28' as shown
for the'broach 21 (Fig. 53) or of the opposite
inclination, the swivel member -| l is set to the .
broken line position in Fig. 4. The swivel mem
30 ber is set at right‘angles to the length of the
broach 25 as seen in Figs. 1 and 7.
'
Tool head elevating and lowering means
In order to adjust the grinding wheel 6 to
35 broaches of di?erent thicknesses the saddle 2|
carrying the grinding wheel and motor is slid
this motor is supported at one end on the rear
swivel casting member II and the forward end of
the ‘cylinder is provided with a cylinder head 58
through which passes a piston rod 59 having its
inner end ?tted with a piston 50. The connec
tion of the piston rod 59 with the tool head
bracket i0 is by means of an o?set bracket 6|
secured by screws or otherwise to the upper sur- 30
_
face of the wheel head bracket Hi, this bracket
passing through an elongated slot 62 (Figs. 13,
14, and 15) in the bottom horizontal portion 63 of
the swivel member ll.
_
The hydraulic ?uid supplying motion to each
ably mounted on column ways 30 on a column of 'these pistons is provided by a hydraulic sys
3|, gib angle members 32 (Fig. 4) being employed tem shown in Fig. 39, which ?gure shows the pip
to secure the saddle to the column ways and ing diagram of the entire hydraulic system. A
suitable pump shown conventionally at 64 may be
40 tapered gibs 33 being further provided to make. driven by any means such as the electric motor 40
the necessary adjustment to take up wear. The
column II is secured in any suitable manner to a 55. To thesuction side of the pump 64 is con
nected the suction conduit 66, the lower end of
projection 34 of the base I, Figs. 4 and 7.
_
The saddle 2| is elevated or lowered by means which extends into the tank 61 housed in the
of an elevating screw 35 suspended at its upper hollow interior of the base I. From the dis
end on a double-row anti~friction bearing 36 charge side of the pump 64 a conduit 68 leads to
(Fig. 7)» and radially supported at its lower end on the ?rst of a pair of pressure regulator valves, it
an anti-friction bearing 31 secured in the free being preferable to provide that part of the sys
‘end of a bar 38 (Fig. 8) attached to the base I. tem i. ef, the table moving portion, is operated at
Attached to the rear side of the saddle 2| is a one pressure and the other'part operated at a
nut 33 in which the elevating screw is threaded much lower pressure. In the present instance
and to provide transmission of motion from the the ?rst regulator 69 supplies ?uid through a
elevating hand wheel 40, Figs. 1, 4,1and 7, a train conduit 10 to the work table master valve body
of gears is employed consisting of a gear 4| ‘H at a pressure of say 250 pounds per square
pinned to the lower end of the elevating screw inch and the\excess or the difference between the
35 and a similar gear 42 (Fig. 8) pinned to the pressure supplied by the pump and the pressure '
upper end of a short shaft 43 journaled in the supplied to the work table master valve ‘II is dis~
base, an idler pinion 44 journaled on a vertical charged through a short conduit 12 to the second
stud 44' being interposed between the gears 4| of the pressure regulator valves 13 which regu
lates the pressure ?owing to tool head throttle
60 and 42. On the lower end of the short vertical; valve 14 through the conduit ‘I5 and from this 60
shaft 43 is a beveled gear 45 (Fig. 7) with which
, meshes a bevel pinion 46 on the inner end of a tool head throttle valve 14 directly to the tool
horizontally disposed shaft 41 extending through
'65
the front of the base and having attached at its
forward end the elevating hand wheel 40 previ
ously referred to.
'
By this means and with the right-hand thread
of the elevating screw 35, rotation of the hand
wheel in an anti-clockwise direction lowers the
saddle 2| and with it the grinding wheel, while
rotation in the opposite direction or clockwise
elevates the saddle. It will be noticed from Fig.
7 that the projecting portion 20 of the saddle 2|
overhangs the work table 2 and the chuck 5 and
75 broach mounted thereon and.‘ that the disposition
head cylinder 56. The pressure supplied by the
second regulator valve 13 may. preferably be in
the neighborhood of 40 pounds per square inch
and the surplus ?uid is discharged again to the
tank by means of a conduit 16.
Fluid is supplied to each end of the table hy
draulic motor 48 by conduits, there being a con
duit TI connecting the left side of the work table
70
master valve body ‘H with the right end of the
table cylinder 49 and a conduit ‘[8 connecting
the right end of the master valve body ‘II with
the left end of the table cylinder 49. A more de
tailed description of the work table master valve
2,113,287
5 .
body follows: Referring to Figs. 33 to 37, inclu
pressed plunger I00 into any one of three arou
sive, there is shown the work table valve body ‘II . ately ‘disposed openings (Fig. 35) in the panel
previously referred to which is located horizon ' IOI which covers and protects the valve arrange
tally within the interior of the base I, there be
ment.‘ When placed in the central opening IOI_'
ing a large opening I’ in the forward wall of the > the effect is to cause the control valve 19 to as
base | to provide access to the valve body ‘II. sume the central or neutral position, in which'
Slidably disposed for reciprocating movements position the table will not move. By moving
is the table control piston valve 19. This con
the lever. 96 upwardly to the full line position,
trol valve ‘I9 may be manually reciprocated or as Fig. 36, the plunger I00 entering the upper open
10 will be described, by electrical means, in the pres- ' ing |0I"‘, the table will move to the right by hy .10
ent case by solenoids. The control valve ‘I9 con
draulic power. By placing the lever 96 down
sists of three enlarged diameter spools prefer
ably integrally attached to a rod 80, the ends
of which 80’ andc80" extend on each side beyond
15 the valve body ‘II.
'
Centrally located in the upper portion of the
valve body ‘II is'a port 8| by which communica
tion with the conduit ‘I0 is made to thereby bring
?uid under pressure to- the central spool ‘I9’ of
20 the work table control valve. The width of the
port BI is proportioned to the breadth of the
central spool 19' so that when the control valve
‘I9 is at neutral position as shown in Fig. 35 ad
as
mission of fluid is stopped by the central spool.
In communication with the horizontal bore
in which the control valve 19 reciprocates is a
pair of ports, one of which on the left and indi
cated at 82 communicates with the conduit 11,
while the other 83 on'the right hand side com
30 municates with the conduit ‘I8, the conduit 11
leading to the right end of the table cylinder 48
and the conduit ‘I8 leading to the left end of
the table cylinder 48.~ At 84 and 85 respectively
on the left and right of the control valve body
‘II are exhaust ports leading to a common ex
haust cavity 86 horizontally disposed in the rear
wardly to the dot-dash line position, the plunger
I00 entering the opening IOI’”, the table will
move to the left, also by hydraulic power.
To obtain these movements, the cam is con
of the cam 99 with the armature.
The camming surfaces by which these move
ments are produced ‘are milled in the ?at extend
ing portion of the cam so" as to provide that the 30
camming surfaces are substantially tangentially‘
disposed with relation to the axis of rotation of
the cam shaft 91. Secured to each side of the
armature I02 is a strap I03, these straps‘extending
through the left end of the solenoid I18 and
straddling the cam 99.
Secured in the left-hand '
portion of the control valve body ‘II, Fig. 38,
end of the straps I03 and passing through the
from which leads a conduit 81 directly to a
throttle valve 88 whereby the work table is con
opening in the cam whose outlines form the cam
40 trolled, both as to starting, stopping and speed
thereof. The reason‘ for placing the work table
throttle valve 88 in the exhaust line will be ex
plained later. All exhaust fluid passing through
the throttle valve 88 is conducted by a conduit
45 89 preferably through an oil puri?er 90 (Fig. 30)
of any suitable type and from the oil puri?er .
through a conduit 9| returning to discharge into
the tank 6'! through the foot valve 92, by means
of which a slight back pressure of say 4 pounds
to the ‘square inch is built up in the conduit 9|.
This is done in order to provide lubrication for
the ‘work table ways 3 and 4, and also to prevent
undesired drainage of ?uid .from the cylinder
and connected piping. The conduit 9| is
branched ‘at the point 94 to provide the conduit
15
nected mechanically with the control valve ‘I9
through the medium of-the armature I02 of a
solenoid arrangement I18 to be described more
fully in connection with the explanation of the
electrical control circuit. For the present, it is 20
stated that for convenience, this particular sole~~
noid I18 is secured to the left-hand end of the
valve body ‘II whereby the solenoid armature may
be directly connected to the extension 80' of the
control, valve ‘I9, and it is therefore convenient 25
to actuate the valve‘l9through the connection
ming surfaces is a pin I04.
As can be seen from Fig. 36 if the control lever 40
96 is moved to the full line position that portion”
*of the camming surfaces indicated at I06 will
have contacted the cross pin I04 and will have
cammed the entire valve and solenoid armature
arrangement to the left as shown in full lines,
whereby ?uid under pressure will be admitted
from the port 8| through the valve bore and into
,the port 83 to the left end of the table hydraulic
motor 48 to move the table to the right by hy
draulic power. Also, if the control lever 96 is 50
moved downwardly to‘the dot-dash position, Fig.
36, the cam surface indicated at I08 in the con
trol cam 99 will move the valve and solenoid ar
rangement to the extreme right end of the valve
travel as indicated by dot-dash lines. During
95 leading to the table ways, a valve 93 being in- ‘
the time the table moves to the right, the exhaust
terposeud therein to control passage of the ?uid
?uid ?owing from the right-hand end of the table
hydraulic motor 48 ?ows through the conduit 11,
port 82 and through the valve bore to the exhaust
port 84 to the common exhaust port 86. When 60
the table control lever 96 has moved‘ the valve
to the dot-dash line to produce table movement
to the ways.
»
a
Manual control of .table movement
60
To provide for manual control of the table, the
main control valve 19 is actuated mechanically
by a hand lever 96 positioned in a generally hori ~ to the left, the left end of‘the table hydraulic
zontal location on the forward side of the base I. motor“ is in communication- with the exhaust
The lever 96 is secured by pinning or other means conduit through the port 83 and through the 65
to the forward end of a short cam shaft 91 (Fig. valve bore to the exhaust port 85, and thence to
34) horizontally disposed and journaled in a the common exhaust port 86.
bracket 98 secured to the forward side of the
Between these extremes of movement as pro
base, the cam shaft passing interiorly through an duced by the cam in manual operation and where
1
70 opening in the base.
by the table may be-moved from right to left, or 70
On~ the inner end of the cam shaft 91 is se
left to right, at any speed desired under thecon
cured a cam 99 substantially in line with the trol of the table throttle valve ‘I4, there\_is a mid
table control valve ‘I9. The lever 96 may be point associated with a central positioning of the
placed in any one of three positions and is pref
lever 96. When the control lever 96 is placed
75 erably locked by the insertion of a spring
in this central position as shown in Figs. 33, 34, 75
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