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Патент USA US2113317

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Patented Apr‘. 5,
Adolf Olosmann, Leinlis'; Germany. .assignor to
the ?rm Atlas A80,_Ohemische F b
A. G.,
Leipzig, Germany
Application November 21, 1938, Serial No. 112.131
In Germany March 7, 1936
3 Claims. (01. 3-143)‘ ]
The present invention relates to collars and
particularly to collars made of paper, cardboard
' and similar materials, and to a process of mak
ing the same.
Collars which are made of materials that are
tained which is‘ produced'entirely by machine
and with less effort and within a- shorter time
than was possible by the known methods since
each collarv is not individually’ folded and glued .
into ?nal form after beingv cut from the blank,
. easily subject to wear and tear, such as for ex
but a large series of collars are so ?nished either
ample collars made of paper or cardboard, are ' simultaneously or in continuous operation. _
usually reinforced at their front portions and‘
the ?aps where the two sides of the collar are
10 fastened. together and secured to a shirt. The
known constructions provide for this purpose
suitable extensions. of the front portions when
the collar is cut or stamped out of the blank.
These extensions are then folded back and glued
15‘ or otherwise secured to the inside of the collar
After the collars 4 have been folded, glued
and cut from the blank 2, the‘ cut edges ll may
be coated with a layer of varnish or similar
material whereby the paper, cardboard orthe
like of which the collars are made, is protected
from splitting along the cut edges I4. Such a
coating also serves to make the fact that the
material is out along edges I2 unnoticeable and
, "i. separately for each individual ‘collar, either man- _ the edges l2 less conspicuous so that the collar 15
ually or by machine, which requires considerable ‘ which is made of cheap, substitute materials has
~ time and labor.
the appearance'of a normal collar made of linen
The “object of the present invention is to over
or similar expensive materials.
20 come these disadvantages of the prior -'art, to
facilitate the production of collars and to save
time and labor in ‘the manufacture thereof.
. Another object resides in a new process of mak
a c “It is obvious that the steps of foldingv the
portions-6, gluing them to the ;blank 2, cutting 20
the shape of the collar 4 out of the blank, punch
ing the button ‘holes l0, and coating the cut
ing collars, particularly collars made of ‘paper edges ii of the collar, provided thi's'additional
or like material. l
‘ 'step appears necessary, are preferably performed
A further object resides in producing a collar in one continuous operation by one and the
of paper or similar materials which resembles a
collar of linen or the like to such an extent
as not to bedistinguishable‘ therefrom.
Still another object consists in a method of
?nishing such collars along their cut edges by
coating them with a layer of varnish or‘ similar
material. '
same machine. However, it'is also possible to
execute the method in several operations by a
series of machines. No matter which procedure
is‘ followed, the difficult and time-wasting op-, 30
eration of folding the reinforcing portions indi
vidually. for eachcollar and then gluing them to
the rear sides thereof is avoided.
These and other objects of the invention will
Also, as compared with the collars made by
35 be fully described in the following detailed de ,previous methods, the collar according to the
-_ scription and shown in the accompanying dia- ' present invention is of neater appearance. When 35
grammatic drawing in which - s
the; reinforcing portions are'folded and glued
Fig. 1 discloses the various stages of manufac- ' individually, the front edges of the collar are
ture of a collar according to the invention, while ,often uneven; while according to the present
Fig. 2 shows an end view of the collar in an invention, theedges are sharply and cleanly out.
intermediate stage of production. “
While vI have described herein one embodiment
According to the inventionk‘a blank 2 is pro
of myv invention I wish it to be understood that ‘
vided having a width exceeding the normal. I] do not ‘intend to limit myself thereby except '
length of the collar in its ?nal form ‘4 as indicated
11 (II in dotted lines in Fig. 1. The side portions 6
within the scope of the appended claims.
of blank‘2, which preferably extend from points 1. A method of producing paper collars ‘which
at or near the outer extremities 8 of the collar,
comprises folding over upon themselves the op
are then coated on one face- thereof with a thin
posite edge portions of a paper blank which is
layer of g1ue_lil or similar material, vfolded over .
6 O as shown in Fig. 2 with. the layer of glue Ill 1 wider than the length of a. collar to be formed
from the blank, adhesively securing su’ch folded
over portions to the body of the blank, and
blank 2 the.
so as
to beofpermanently
the fold,.andsecured-theretm
cutting a collar from the blank thus formed with '
Thereafter, the collar 4 is cut out of/ the folded I' the ends of the collar locate d in the opposite
and glued blank '2, including button holes I2.
_ ‘By this method of production a collar is ob
folded-over portions.
2. A method of producing paper collars which
comprises folding over upon themselves the op
' comprises providing a paper blank 0! a width ex
' tending the normal length of the collar, applying posite edge portions of a paper blank which is
to‘ the opposite edge portions of said blank which wider than the length of a collar to be formed
are to form the ends of ‘the collar on one face from the blank and of a length at least equal
thereof a layer of adhesive material, ioldingover to the width 01' a plurality of collars, adhesively 5
the parts of the side portions which exceed the. securing such folded-over portions to the body
normal length oi the collar, pressing said. parts of the blank, and cutting a plurality of collars
against said blank, and cutting a collar i?'om \ from the blank thus formed with the opposite
the blank thus formed with the ends-oi the ends of each collar located in the opposite folded
10 collar located in the opposite folded-oven por-f overportions.
3. A method of producing paper collars which
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