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Патент USA US2113541

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April 5, 1938.
2,113,541
J. E. BLANK
WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Filed May 9, 1933
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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April 5, 1938.
J. E. BLANK
2,1 13,541
WHEEL ASSEMBLY
Filed May 9, 1933
2 Sheets-Sheet
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PatentedApr. 5, 1938
2,113,541
UNITED STATES PATENT orrice
2,113,541 '
WHEEL [ASSEMBLY
John E. Blank, Jackson, Mich., assignor to Rye:
son & Haynes, Inc., Jackson, Mich, a corpora
tion of Michigan
Application‘ May 9, 1933, Serial No. 670,133
4 Claims. (01. 301-37)
The present invention relates to improvements
in vehicle wheel assembly.
A primary object of the invention is to provide
‘a ?nishing surface for vehicle wheel structures
3 which is inexpensive and readily attachable and
‘
imparts to the wheel assembly an attractive disc
, wheel appearance, the invention being equally
adaptable as an accessory or as an element
employed to complete the wheel assembly at the
m factory.
‘
Other objects and advantages of the invention
reside in the novel, features of construction and
combination and arrangement of parts as will be
more fully related. The invention is clearly de
?ned and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, wherein several
preferred embodiments of my invention are dis
closed by way of illustration,
' '
Fig. 1 is a partial cross sectional view of a wheel
assembly embodying the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the improved disc
member shown removed from the wheel.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view taken on line
3--3 of Fig. 2 with a partial cross sectional view
IO Li of the wheel shown to show the relationship be
tween the location of the valve stem and the open
ing in the disc.
- .
Fig. 4 is-a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the disc
adapted to a di?erent type of wheel.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1 in which they
disc covers the entire area within the felly.
Fig. 6 is a fragmental cross sectional view of a
modi?ed type of disc attachment.
Fig. 7 is a fragmental elevation of a portion of
the folly and rim with a recessed attachment lug
shown in position.
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 6 of a further
modi?ed type of disc attachment.
.
'
Fig. 9 is a fragmental cross sectional view taken
40 on line 9-9 of Fig. 8.
Generally, the present invention consists of a
sheet metal disc of at least su?icient extent to
cover or shield the area located between the felly
and hub of the wheel. Securing members, pref
45 erably in the form of spring detents, are attached
adjacent the outer edge of the disc, and in the
embodiments illustrated, are adapted to engage
the felly or the rim portion of the wheel to re
leasably retain the disc in position. When used
(a in combination with a demountable wheel of the
type in which the wheel is secured to the axle by
bolts passed through the inner hub ?ange carry
ing nuts made accessible through a removable
hub cap, the‘ disc is preferably annular with the
65 inner edge bearing against the outer end of the
hub and con?ned by the removable hub cap. In
order to render the valve stem of a pneumatic
tired wheel accessible from the outside of the
wheel with the disc in place, a closable opening
is preferably provided in the disc. In one of the
embodiments shown, the disc covers the entire CH
area within the telly of the wheel, the usual hub
cap being simulated. With such structure the
entire disc is removed to give access to the bolts
securing the wheel to the axle.
.
With speci?c reference to the drawings, a wheel
10
assembly is shown in Fig. 1 with a hub I and a
rim 2 concentrically supported from the hub by
the usual wire spokes 3. Obviously, wooden disc
or sheet metal stamped wheels are equally adapt
able to my invention; my improved shielding disc
having particular application where the structure
between the rim and the hub is of an un?nished
or unattractive character and is thus capable of
effecting certain economies in the ?nishing of the
appearance of the wheel assembly.
As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, my improved disc 4
is sheet metal and annular in form with spring
clips 5 riveted or otherwise secured to the turned
outer edge 6 at de?ected points 6’. These clips
are stressed inwardly by the telly ‘I of the wheel I
when the disc 4 is shoved to a seat and engage
the felly to releasably retain the disc in position.
It will thus appear that the disc may be attached
and removed entirely from one side of the wheel.
The inner edge 8 of the disc preferably bears 0
against the outer end of the hub l and is con?ned
by a removable hub cap 9. It is to be understood
that it is optional whether the hub cap 9 is em
ployed to assist in centering the disc or the disc
is entirely centered by the .clips 5; in some cases
the inner edge 8 may merely encircle the hub i
and not be located and/or con?ned by the hub
cap 9. Furthermore, in view of the ready remov
ability of the disc 4 from the outside of the wheel,
I anticipate the shielding of the entire area lo
cated within the felly of the wheel by a disc in
which the hub cap is integral therewith and
merely shields the end of the hub, as will be more
fully described.
. ‘
»
To permit access to the usual valve stem 9' of a
pneumatic tired wheel, a closable opening is pro
vided at ill. As shown, the disc is drawn at II to
provide a seat and a cover i2 removably secured
therein by a spring catch I! which may be rotated
by a screw driver into engagement with the back
face of the seat I I; as shown conforming. de?ected
portions at H are provided in the seat II and
spring I3 to releasably lock the cover I! in posi
tion. Obviously, other types of covers and secur
2,118,541
2
ing means may be employed within the scope of
my invention.
welded or otherwise secured to the rim portion 34,'
and snaps into the recess 35 in the lug. The re
.
cess prevents relative movement between the disc
and the lug. In Fig. 7 the lug 33 is shown with
the disc removed. In the modi?cation shown in
Figs. 8 and 9 the spring clip 36 is riveted to the
rim portion 31 and retains the disc in position by
the wheel, but in some cases it may be desirable to '
snapping
into an aperture 38 located in a de
engage other parts of the wheel, especially when ?ected portion
of the turned edge of the disc.
the f orm'of the supporting structure between the The clips 36 are39located
along the rim portion 34
hub
and
the
felly
is
altered.
10
I
In Fig. 4 the invention is shown adapted to a at spaced intervals.
I Having only described the preferred forms of
wheel of the type in which a spider Ii stamped
from sheet metal is employed to simulate the my invention, it is to be understood that I con
In practice the face of the disc 4 may be plated,
enameled or otherwise ?nished to‘ enhance the
appearance of the wheel assembly.
Preferably the spring clip 5 engages the felly of
spokes and also constitutes a hub portion It with . template other modi?cations and changes as will
an inner hub ?ange H. The spider II is welded,
riveted or otherwise secured to the felly I8. An
adaptor I9 in the form of a sleeve having a
?anged outer edge 20 is ?xedly secured at its
inner end to the hub portion IS in any suitable
~30 manner. The disc 4 carrying the clips 5 may
engage the felly IS with the inner’edge 8 of the
disc‘being confined by the hub cap 8 exactly in
the manner described with reference to Figs. 1
to 3. When the disc 4 is employed at the factory
NJ Li to ?nish the wheel‘ assembly, the spider |5 may
be retained in a rough un?nished state as it is
completely shielded'by the disc. ‘
In the 'modi?cation shown in Fig. 5, the disc 2|
shields or covers the entire area within the felly,
the hub cap being simulated by a central portion
as at 22. The outer edge of the disc 2| is turned
at 23 and rolled to provide -a bead 24. This bead
may extend along the entire edge and is adapted
to be snapped into spring clips 25 riveted or oth
erwise secured to the felly or dropped center por
tion 26 of the rim 21 at spaced points to be re
leasably held in position. As the disc 2| may be
readily positioned and removed entirely from the
outside of the wheel, the usual hub cap is ob
40 viated with substantial reduction in the cost
of production ‘and at the same time the attrac
tiveness of the wheel assembly is enhanced. The
disc 2|, secured in the manner shown, is specially
adapted to wheel structures in which the felly
is supported by a solid disc stamping 28 integral
with the hub portion 29 and inner hub ?ange 30.
It is to be understood, however, that it may be
employed with equal advantage with other types
of wheel structure. For example, the wire wheel
shown in Fig. 1 may be provided with clips cor
responding to the clips 25. In this case the disc
would project over and house the outer end of
the hub |.
In Figs. 6 to 9, inclusive, two modi?ed means of
releasably attaching the discs 4 or 2| to the rim
portion of the wheel are shown. As shown in
Fig. 6, a spring clip 3| is attached to the turned
edge of the disc and is provided with an end por
tion which is adapted to ride over the lug 33,
occur to those skilled in the art. For this reason,
I do not wish to be limited to the exact details
herein set forth but intend to include as part of
my invention such changes and modi?cations as
fall within the scope of the appended claims.
20
What I claim is:
1. A wheel accessory, comprising a removable
covering disc for one side of the wheel, alaterally
extending ?ange on the outer edge of said disc, a
plurality of annularly spaced bosses on said
?ange, and means secured to said bosses shaped
to support said disc from the wheel felly and to
maintain said disc in?xed spaced relation to said
felly.
~
2. A wheel accessory for a wheel including a
felly and a tire supporting rim, comprising a face 30
plate therefor, a laterally extending outer edge
on said face plate, and spaced spring members
secured to said laterally extending outer edge
resiliently engaging the wheel felly to support
said plate from said felly and to maintain said 35
plate in ?xed spaced relation to said felly and in
substantial radial alignment with the outer edge
of the wheel rim.
3. A wheel accessory for a wheel having a drop
center portion comprising a felly and a tire sup 40
porting rlm,vcomprising a face plate therefor, said
face plate having 9. turned axially extending edge
on the periphery thereof closely engaging an
axially extending portion of the rim, and means
secured to said edge to support said plate from
said felly and to maintain said plate in ?xed
spaced relation to said felly ‘and in substantial
radial alignment with the outer edge of the wheel
rim.
4. A wheel accessory for a wheel including a
felly and a tire supporting rim, comprising a face
plate having a turned axially extending edge on
the periphery thereof, a plurality of annularly
spaced bosses on said edge, and means secured
to said bosses to support said plate from said
felly and to maintain said ‘plate in ?xed spaced
relationto said felly.
JOHN E. BLANK.
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