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Патент USA US2113657

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April 12, 1938.
R, KRASBERG
HAIR CURLER
Filed March 16, 1956
y
2,113,657
2,113,657
Patented Àpr. 1.27, 1938
UNH-ED `sTM‘Es PATENT OFFICE
2,113,657
HAIR CURLER
-Rudolf Krasberg, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Chain
"Store YProducts Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a.
corporation of Delaware
Application March 16, 1936, >Serial No. 69,028
4 Claims. (Cl. 132-41)
This invention `relates‘to hair‘curlers, and more
particularly to vhair curling devices of the type
including a pair of .pivotally connected coop
erating members for .gripping ‘a strand of hair,
5 and about which the hair is wound to form a curl,
and a clamping bail pivotally connected -to the
gripping members and adapted to be swung into
cooperative relation to Vsaid gripping members
for maintaining the hair in curled form thereon.
One of the objects of this invention is to pro
l0
vide means adapted for engaging both hair `grip
ping members for releasably locking them in op
erative gripping relation when the Ahair is wound
thereon.
Another object is toprovîde `a novel form of
clamping bail, adapted when disposed in opera
tive position, for releasably locking the gripping
members in operative relation to maintain and
insure a positive and iirm grip on the hair pre
paratory to winding thereon to form a curl, and
2 O also during the time said hair remains wound
thereon.
A further object resides in the provision of an
improved, pivotally mounted clamping bail of
KO Cl
pair of spaced apart ¿depending apertured ears,
I5, ldisposed in straddling relation to the ears I4
of the tubular member, and both 'pair of said ears
are pivotally mounted on :a transverse pivot pin
I6 which also secures the vmembers `against sep
aration. Said gripping members I Il and II are
lation to the adjacent end portions of the grip
to permit insertion of a strand of hair therein,
preparatory to winding the hair therearound to
Other objects and advantages of this invention
will appear in the following description, taken
in connection with the accompanying drawing,
in which:
Fig. 1 is a side view of a curler device embody
,-
position. The operative portions of said mein
bers >may be of coextensive length, but prefer
ably, as shown in the drawing, the upper grip
ping member I I terminates a short distance from 10
the end of the tubular member I0. Said gripping
members, I0 and II, are preferably formed of
light weight sheet metal, such as aluminum, or
other. suitable material, and are provided with a
plurality of Sperforations or apertures, I2 and I3,
respectively. 'The tubular member I0 is formed
with a pair of spaced apart upstanding apertured
ears, I4, and the member II, is formed with a
gripping members for releasably locking them to
gether in operative relation, with the closed end
ping members permitting use of the maximum
curling length of the gripping members.
A still further object of this invention is to
provide an improved hair curler of the above
mentioned type which is of simple construction
and which may be economically manufactured.
)
latter is of conveXo-concave cross section shaped
to embrace _the upper portion of the tubular mem
ber Ill, when said members are disposed in closed
provided -with iinger grip portions I8 and i9, «re 25
spectively, extending rearwardly of the pivot con
nection, ¿and which may lbe pressed toward Veach
other `f-or swinging the gripping members about
their pivotI connection for causing separation
thereof, as indicated in dotted outline in Fig. 2, 30
generally U-shape form, and which is so con
structed that when it is swung into operative re
lation to the gripping members the side por
tions of said clamping bail engage both of the
30 portion of the bail disposed in spaced apart re
40
ent invention includes a ¿pair of cooperatively
formed gripping members, I0 an‘d II, the former
being of slightly tapered tubular form, while the
form a curl.
After the hair is wound around the gripping
members I 0, and II, the curled hair is secured 35
in shape on said gripping members by a resilient
clamping bai1'2l, of generally U-shape forma
tion.
The ends of the clamping bail are pivot
ally connected at 22 and 23 to the linger grip
portions I8 and I9 of the respective gripping 40
members I0 and II, at an axis extending trans
versely to the pivot axis of said gripping mem
ing the present invention, shown in closed posi
bers, as may be seen in the drawing, which per
mits said bail to be swung to and from operative
tion.
Fig. 2 is a similar view, with the clamping bail
position.
disposed in open position, and the parts being
is in operative position said closed end portion
is disposed in spaced relation to the gripping
indicated in dotted outline at open position for
receiving a strand of hair.
Fig. 3 is a `top view of the device shown in closed
position.
Figs. 4 and 5 are enlarged transverse sections,
taken as indicated at lines 4--4 and 5_5, re
spectively, on Fig. 1.
The structure selected for illustrating the pres
The closed end portion of the bail is 45
formed and dimensioned so that when the bail
members, as seen in Fig. 1, permitting use of the
maximum curling length of said gripping mem 50
bers. Because of the resilient character of thebail and its connection to the ñnger grip portions
I8 and I9, it normally tends to separate the lin
ger grip portions and thus yieldingly urges and 55
2
2,113,657
maintains the gripping members l0 and Il in
operative relation.
The legs of the clamping bail are each formed
with an oiîset portion, indicated at 25 and 26,
adapted when the bail is swung to operative po
sition, for registering and interlocking with co
operatively formed seats provided in the grip
ping members l0 and l l, forwardly of their pivot
connection, as may be seen in the drawing, for
10 releasably locking the gripping members in oper
ative relation to Ieach other. Said seats are
herein shown in the form of slots, 21 and 28,
and it will be manifest that said seats may be
formed as depressions or embossments, to pro
vide interlocking engagement with the oiîset por
tions of the bail when it is disposed in operative
position, When the clamping bail is disposed in
operative position, with the hair curled around
the gripping members, the hair cannot acci
dentally become released from the gripping
members because they are positively locked to
gether.
The curling device may be permitted to remain
on the strand of hair for a suñicient period of
25 time to insure that the hair will remain in curled
form when the device is removed and as many
of these devices as desired may be employed at
’ the same time, and may be worn with comfort
30
while sleeping.
Although I have herein shown and described
a preferred embodiment of my invention, mani
festly the form and arrangement of parts may
be varied and modiñed Without departing from
the spirit and scope of my invention. I do not,
35 therefore, wish to be understood as limiting my
invention to the specific form herein shown and
described, except as so limited in the appended
claims.
I claim as my invention:
l. A hair curler comprising a pair of pivotally
connected gripping members between which the
hair may be engaged and about which the hair
may be wound, both of said members having ñn
ger grip portions at their rear ends, adjacent
45 said pivot connection, and a clamping bail hav
ing its ends pivotally connected to the respective
finger grip portions of said members, said clamp
ing bail being formed for engaging both of said
members adjacent their pivot connections, when
it is disposed in operative position, for releasably
locking said members together.
2. A hair ourler comprising a pair of pivotally
connected gripping members between which the
hair may be engaged and about which the hair
may be Wound, both of said members having
finger grip portions at their rear ends, adjacent
said pivot connection, and a resilient clamping
bail having its ends pivotally connected to the
respective finger grip portions of said members 10
for normally urging said members toward each
other, said clamping bail being formed for en
gaging both of said gripping members adjacent
their pivot connections, when it is disposed in
operative position, for releasably locking said
gripping members together.
15
3. A hair curler comprising a pair of pivotally
connected gripping members between which the
hair may be engaged and about which the hair
may be wound, both of said members having 20
ñnger grip portions at their rear ends, adjacent
said pivot connection, and a clamping bail hav
ing its ends pivotally connected to the respective
finger grip portions of said members for swing
ing to and from operative position, said clamp 25
ing bail being formed with offset portions adapt
ed, when it is disposed in operative position, for
engaging seats formed in both of said gripping
members adjacent their pivot connections, for
releasably locking them in gripping relation.
30
4. A hair curler comprising a pair of pivotally
connected gripping members between which the
hair may be engaged and about which the hair
may be wound, both of said members having
finger grip portions at their rear ends, adjacent 35
said pivot connection, and a clamping bail of
generally U-shape formation having its ends
pivotally connected to the respective ñnger grip
portions of said members for swinging to and
from operative position, said bail being dimen
sioned and formed so that, when disposed in
operative position, its intermediate portion is
disposed in spaced relation to the ends of said
gripping member, while side portions of said
clamping bail engage both of said gripping mem
bers, adjacent their pivot connections, for re
leasably locking them in gripping relation.
RUDOLF KRASBERGV
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