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Патент USA US2113677

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April 12, 1938.
H. o. CAI'QROLL
‘
2,113,77
BUILDI-NG CONSTRUCTION
Filed April 1, 1956
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INVENTOR.
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Patented Apr. 1 2, 1.938
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UFNiiTED STATES
'OTFiFWliQTE
2,113,677
I
BUILDING. CONSTRUCTION
Hubert 0. Carroll, Painesville, vOhio
I Application April 1, 1936, Serial No. 72,139
16 Claims.
In. building-structures, . the matter of i a suf?-
(01. 20—'53)
is carried on the hinges H which are so mounted '
ciently-satisfactory construction permitting windows-and the like of casement type has. been a
diflicult problem. .Multitudinous efforts have been
;-‘5 made to bring about improvement in this. direc-
as to have a controlledvertical movement with
out interfering'with their hinge action. = While
the precise detail for accomplishing this may
vary, a desirable construction. involves a. hinge U5
tion, but the problem of an. arrangement permittingeasy opening as desired, coupled with-ade,quate weather proofness, has remained serious.
Invaccor‘dancevwith the present invention .how:10‘ ever, a construction maynowbe had which elim-
member 8, Fig. 4, fastened to the edge of ‘the
stile 9 of the window sash‘ ordoor, the lower
hinge member. 8' being similarly attached. The
mating hinge members l6, “3', are carried by
the framing opening, and in a-suitable mounting 10
.inatesthese‘drawbacks and provides a serviceable
= and-neat interior and. exterior, and without un~
.duecost.
‘To the accomplishment of the foregoing and
:15 related ends, the invention, then, comprises. the
» features hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed out in theclaims, the following description and the annexed’ drawing setting forth
in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the
‘9220 invention, these being indicative however, of but
» a. few of the various ways in. which the principle
thereon to allow the vafore-mentioned vertical ‘
movement, one desirable way .ofiaccomplishing
this being by a metal plate- I I .fa'stened to- the
casement by suitable means, as a series of ‘screws
i2, the hinge member It) then beingslidably‘ can. 15
ried, as by a pin. and slot connectionheaded pins
or rivet-like members l4, Figs. 5 and. 6, being se
cured to the hinge member and travelling in cam
slots l5 which are suitably angularly. inclined for
such purpose. The hingemember M3,. and with 20
it the entire sash Pmaythusmove .upanddown '
of the invention may be employed.
In said annexed drawing:---
.in a range. of excursion permitted by the length
of the slots l5, and. by reason of the (cam. action
:‘Figl is an interior elevational view of‘ con‘struction embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is. a
sectional detaiLon a large scale, taken on a plane
supplying outward directionv thereof, the.sash..P
is pressed tight against the. stops l3.of the frame. 25
At. the same‘ time the lower rail‘! islpressed wedg
.-substantially_ indicated .by‘line II-—I[, Fig. .1;
ingly tight. against thefoot-abutment .bevel 6,
:3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a
Fig. .2, when the hinge and-sash. member . are
portion of the structure shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 4 moved down in the lowermost position. Suitable
5.30 is asimilar view withthe movable-parts indiffer- .means is provided for conveniently‘ raising and 30
cut or opened position;.Figs-. 5. and 6 are enlarged lowering the movable hinge member. and its car
elevational details, in closed andopen position ried sash member, P. While the precise ldetail
."respectively; Fig.7. is an enlarged fragmentary of this may vary, aconvenientarrangement is
detail in elevation; and Figs-Band 9. are edge a lever to raise the panel or sash P..and ‘being
535 ‘views of the same structure, showing. di?erent attached at some desired .point. For: instance 35
positions.
lever l6 and a link i‘! connecting from the lever
iReferring more particularly to the drawing, to one of the headedpins. Id of one of the hinges,
there is‘ shown a building-wall 2, having a framed say the upper hinge Ill, the lever It being suit
opening, with framing 3, and a swingable member ably fulcrumed as at l8 andthereby mounted-on
1:40.101‘ panelP therein, of casement type, as a window
- ordoor, a window beingillustrative. . Such mem-
her is mounted to swing inwardly, by means of
‘the hinges H, and. at the bottom is a, footing‘abutment >5, illustratively Ia sill, such footing+45 abutment being beveled outwardly and down-
the frame-engaging. plate ll, . and the link - I’! 40
being pivoted as at Hi to the end of, the lever.
Desirably, a cover plate Zllmay be secured to
the frame-plate l !, thereby reinforcinglymount
ing and protecting the movable .pivot joint. The
lever l5 terminates in. a suitablyshaped handle 45
iwardly as-at‘ 6, Fig. 2, while the adjacent lower .ZI, and may be of relatively thin unobtrusive
rail 1 of the coacting panel member or window
P is matingly‘beveled, whereby to wedgingly engage and tighten onbeing set into closed position.
s50 The swingable member P or window is adapted to
" raise vertically so as to clear the abutment .5,
-as illustrated in dotted line position in Fig. 2,-
form, such as to close up inconspicuouslyintoa
slight recess between the stile of the sash and
frame. Thelower hinge member ID’, capable. of
a corresponding vertical. movement, is mounted 50
on a metal plate 23, which may be a separate plate
or an. extension of the plate Ii. Theplate 23 is
thereby allowing of its beingswung open inwardly similarly fastened to the. framing, ‘as by screws
regardless of the existence of the footing abut- .24 and in this plate again there are camrslots
a455,v ment 5. For this, the member P or window sash l5’, the hinge member lll'being slidably mounted 55
2,113,677
' 2
with respect thereto by headed pins or rivet-like
members M’, thereby duplicating the movement
course of the hinges Ill above.
On account of the range of vertical movement
of the panel member or sash. P, a cooperating
locking or holding means is applied on the other
stile 26. Preferably, the construction here may
involve a pivoted drop latch, pivoted at 21 (Fig. 8)
on the edge of the stile 26, and having an angu
lar operating handle 28, while the latch 29 pro
10 jects laterally. Desirably, the latter is provided
by an anti-friction roller 30, as a sleeve. Coact
ing with the latch 30 is the catch-member 3!
having an incline 32 on which the latch may ride.
15 up, and a recessed slot 33 in which it may seat
down.
This slot is particularly deep, sufficiently
so that the casement panel or sash may be lifted
up to its highest position and then have the
latch 39 manipulated to raise and clear it from
the catch member 3|. The slot recess 33 is
slightly angularly inclined so as to tighten the
sash as it is closed. For further safeguarding
and tightening the upper end of the sash, a suit
able inter-engaging packing is employed, and
“30
preferably this may take the form of interlock
ing members 35, 36, on the frame and on the
sash respectively,rthese being so positioned that
when the sash member is in its uppermost posi
tion, the interlocking packing strips are clear of
each other, and when the sash is set down to its
lowermost position, these members interlock and
tighten the joint.
With the casement panel or sash P in its closed
position as shown in Fig. 1, the lower rail 1 is
35 seated with its inner margin wedgingly tight
against the bevel 6 of the sill or foot-abutment,
and the upper packing members 35, 35, are in
interlocking engagement, and the pivoted catch
29 is seated in the slot recess 33 of the holding
catch member 3!, the engagement of the entire
panel or sash being particularly tight against
the coacting frame work. By manipulation of
the handle 2| of the lever IS, the hinge I0 is
raised, and with it the entire casement panel or
sash, and without manipulation of the catch or
look 28 the panel or sash member P then stands
up clear of the footing-abutment or sill 5, and
a crack for ventilation is provided. At the same
time there is similarly a ventilating crack at the
top. The latch 29 however still holds the sash
against opening, this by reason of the long ex
cursion permitted in the recess slot 33. To open
the casement panel or sash, the handle 28 of the
latch is raised, so as to clear the latter from the
recess slot of the catch member 3 l, and the panel
or sash can then be swung open as indicated in
dotted lines in Fig. 1. It will be noticed that it
swings thus when in its elevated position and
clearing the footing abutment or sill 5. To close
_ the sash, the reverse movements are employed.
It is thus seen that a particularly tight and
weatherproof construction is had, although per
mitting the convenience of an inwardly-opening
casement, and with the further advantage of per
mitting ventilation without completely opening.
Other modes of applying the principle of the
invention may be employed, change being made
as regards the details described, provided the
features stated in any of the following claims,
or the equivalent of such, be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and dis
tinctly claim as my invention:
I. In building construction, a framed wall~
opening; an inwardly-swingable sash therein;
and means for forcing said sash transversely to
its general plane. and tightening the sash in the
framed opening, including a footing-abutment to
engage the inside lower margin of the latter and
being beveled downwardly and outwardly to
Wedge a mating bevel on the lower margin of the
sash, hinge members on the sash stile and mating
hinge. members on the framed opening, metal
plate members on the latter carrying the mating
hinge members, inclined cam slots in said metal
plate members, headed pin fastening means for 10
said latter hinge members movable up and down
in said slots, a lever and a link therefrom to one
of said latter hinge members for raising and
lowering it and the attached sash, said lever be
ing foldable inconspicuously adjacent the sash,
a pivoted drop latch on the unhinged stile of the
sash having a lift handle and an anti-friction
roller extending laterally, a receiving plate there
for on the wall-opening having an inclined cam
slot extending deeply such as to be capable of 20
manual'release of the latch-roller when the sash
is in its raised position, and inter-locking pack
ing members on the upper margin of the sash
and wall-opening coacting at the outside of the
sash when in its lower position.
_
25
2. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; an inwardly-swingable sash therein;
and means for forcing said sash transversely to
its general plane and tightening the sash in the
framed opening, including a footing-abutment to 30
engage the inside lower margin of the latter and
being beveled downwardly and outwardly to
wedge a mating bevel on the lower margin of the
sash, hinge members on the sash stile and mating
hinge members on the framed opening, metal
plate members on the latter carrying the mating
hinge members, inclined cam slots in said'metal
plate members, headed pin fastening means for
said latter hinge members movable up and down
in said slots, a lever and a link therefrom to onev 140
of said latter hinge members for raising and
lowering it and the attached sash, a pivoted drop
latch on the un-hinged stile of the sash having
a lift handle and a latch member extending lat
erally, a receiving plate therefor on the wall-~
opening having an inclined cam slot extending
deeply such as to be capable of manual release
of the latch when the sash is in its raised posi
tion, and inter-locking packing members on the
upper margin of the sash and wall-opening co- "
acting at the outside of the sash when in its
lower position.
3. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; an inWardly-swingable sash therein;
and means for forcing said sash transversely to its
general plane and tightening the sash in the
framed opening, including a footing-abutment to
engage the inside lower margin of the latter and
being beveled downwardly and outwardly to_
wedge a mating bevel on the lower margin of the
sash, hinge members on the sash stile and mating
hinge members on the framed opening, metal
plate members on the latter carrying the mating
hinge members, inclined cam slots in said metal
plate members, head-ed pin fastening means for 65
said latter hinge members movable up and down
in said slots, a lever and a link therefrom to one
of said latter hinge members for raising and
lowering it and the attached sash, said lever being
foldable inconspicuously adjacent the sash, a piv 70
oted drop latch on the un~hinged stile of the sash
having a handle and a latch member extending
laterally, and a receiving plate therefor on the
wall-opening having an inclined cam slot extend
ing deeply such as to be capable of manual release 75
* 2,1-1-3ge77
~10: the "latch/when‘the sash?is in-its raised vposition. espicuously adjacent the sash, a pivoted drop catch
eonithe Pun-hinged stile-of the panel having-alat
"491m ' ' building -* construction, -::a framed v-wall
~opening; van <inwardly~swingable ~ sash therein;
"lerallyexten'ding ~latch, and ‘I a receiving plate
and means for forcing said sash transversely-to its ; therefor on the wall-opening having a-slotto re
general plane and’ tightening the~sash in the tceive‘i‘s'aid latch.
* framed opening, including a/f-ooting-abutm'ent to
8. In building construction, :a framed v.wa'l1—
engage the inside‘lowe'r marginof the latter,=hinge
‘ members on ‘the sash stileand mating hinge mem
‘ I bers'on (the framedopening; metal plate = members
‘opening ; an inwardly-swingable I panel ‘ therein;
eandvmeansKforlforcing said 'panel" transversely to
"Kits-"general planeand tightening the paneliin‘the
on thelatter v‘carrying the matinghhinge members, Fframedopening, including a footing-abutment to: :10
"inclined cam’slots in said‘l-metal plate members, engage "the inside lowergma-rginl-of the'latter,
headed pin fastening means for said-latter hinge Zlhir-igei-membersfon ‘the panel stilezand mating
‘members movable up" anddowndn- saidi- slots, a whingermembers "on the framed openinggmetal
lever and a1 link" therefrom to 'one of‘ said'latter "plate‘members'on vthe-‘latter carrying the mating
15 hinge members for raising and loweringl'it' and "hingeunembers; means vfor mounting ‘said latter" 15
the attached sash, saidleVer-Ebeing’fOIdabIe in ‘"hingeMmembers-Y thereon movable up-and'down
Lconspicuousl‘y adjacent the sash; a' pivoted-drop and; at ‘the same time 'in'incline‘d path, a lever and
"latch on‘ the gun-hinged stile-“of thesa‘sh having alink therefrom‘to ‘one of saidlatter‘hinge mem
1 --10
‘ ~a‘latch memberrex'te'ndingdaterally, and-a ‘receiv
' :20
ibersi'for raisingv and-lowering theideta'chedsash,
ing-plate therefor on ‘the wall-opening having an
inclined cam slot-extending deeply such as to‘be
“said lever being foldable inconspicuously adjacent
thevsaish, a pivoted drop catch on'the un-hinged
‘ capable of-rmanual release’ of the‘lat’ch when‘ the
‘stile of i the ‘panel having '»a laterally extending
3; sash ‘is in ‘its raised position.
~5. In building construction, a “framed wall
1latch,"and'a receiving plate therefor on vthe-‘wall
"openingihavingaa slot to receive said latch.
opening; I‘ aniiinwardly-swingable panel ‘ therein;
'
1 9; Invbuilding -:construction, a
framed - wall
-25
and means for forcing said panel transversely to > opening; '- an- inWardly-swing'able panel ‘ therein;
its-generalplane and‘ tightening the panel in the vvandimeansi for forcing said panel transversely‘ to
framed opening, including a footing-abutment to its general plane and tightening the panel in the
engage the inside lower margin of the latter, framed opening, including a footing-abutment to
hinge members on the panel stile and mating
hinge members on the framed opening, metal
plate members on the latter carrying the mating
hinge members, inclined cam slots in said metal
engage the inside lower margin of the latter,
hinge members on the panel stile and mating
hinge members on the framed opening, means for
plate members, headed pin fastening means for
said latter hinge members movable up and down
movement up and down and at the same time in
inclined path, a lever and a link therefrom to one
in said slots, a lever and a link therefrom to one of
of said latter hinge members for raising and
lowering the detached sash, said lever being fold
able inconspicuously adjacent the sash, a pivoted
drop catch on the un-hinged stile of the panel
having a laterally extending latch, and means 40
on the wall-opening coacting with said latch in
its lowered and raised positions.
10. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; an inwardly-swingable panel therein;
and means for forcing said panel transversely to 45
its general plane and tightening the panel in
the framed opening, including a footing-abut
ment to engage the inside lower margin of the
latter, hinge members on the panel stile and
mating hinge members on the framed opening, 50
metal plate members on the latter carrying the
mating hinge members, means for mounting said
said latter hinge members for raising and lower
ing it and the attached sash, said lever being fold
able inconspicuously adjacent the sash, a pivoted
drop latch on the un-hinged stile of the panel
having a laterally extending latch member, and a
receiving plate therefor on the wall-opening hav
ing a slot to receive said latch.
6. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; an inwardly-swingable panel therein;
and means for forcing said panel transversely to
its general plane and tightening the panel in the
framed opening, including a footing-abutment to
engage the inside lower margin of the latter,
hinge members on the panel stile and mating
hinge members on the framed opening, metal
plate members on the latter carrying the mating
hinge members, inclined cam slots in said metal
plate members, headed pin fastening means for
mounting said latter hinge members to permit
latter hinge members thereon movable up and
down and at the same time in inclined path, and
a lever and a link therefrom to one of said latter
said latter hinge members movable up and down
in said slots, means for raising and lowering said hinge members for raising and lowering it and
movable hinge members and the attached panel, the attached sash, said lever being foldable in
and a latch on the un-hinged stile of the panel . conspicuously adjacent the sash.
capable of being released when the panel'is in
11. In building construction, a framed wall
60 its elevated position.
opening; an inwardly-swingable panel therein; 60
7. In building construction, a framed wall
and means for forcing said panel transversely to
opening; an inwardly-swingable panel therein; its general plane and tightening the panel in the
and means for forcing said panel transversely to framed opening, including a footing-abutment
its general plane and tightening the panel in the to engage the inside lower margin of the latter
framed opening, including a footing-abutment to and being beveled downwardly and outwardly to 65
engage the inside lower margin of the latter, wedge a mating bevel on the lower margin of the
hinge members on the panel stile and mating said panel, hinge members on the panel stile and
hinge members on the framed opening, metal mating hinge members on the framed opening,
plate members on the latter carrying the mating and means for mounting said latter hinge mem
70 hinge members, inclined cam slots in said metal bers permitting movement up and down and at
plate members, fastening means for said latter the same time in inclined path,
hinge members movable up and down in said
12. In building construction, a framed wall
slots, a lever and a link therefrom to one of said
latter hinge members forraising and lowering the
detached sash, said lever being foldable incon
opening; stops thereon; an inwardly swingable
panel in said opening; and means for ?atwise
tightening the panel in the framed opening, in- 75
2,113,677
cluding a footing-abutment to engage the inside
lower margin of the latter, inter-engaging pack
ing means on the upper part of said panel and
the frame opening, and hinge means mounting
said panel for lateral swinging and for vertical
inter-locking of said packing means.
13. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; stops thereon; an inwardly swingable
panel in said opening; and means for ?atwise
-10 tightening the panel in the framed opening, in
cluding a footing-abutment to engage the inside
lower margin of the latter and being beveled to
wedge a. mating bevel on the lower margin of
said panel, hinge means mounting said panel for
15 lateral swinging and permitting vertical move
ment, and cam means forcing said panel trans
versely to its general plane against said stops.
14. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; stops thereon; an inwardly swingable
20 panel in said opening; and means for ?atwise
tightening the panel in the framed opening, in
cluding a footing-abutment to engage the inside
lower margin of the latter and being beveled to
wedge a mating bevel on the lower margin of said
25 panel, inter-engaging packing means on the up
per part of said panel and the frame opening,
hinge means mounting said panel for lateral
swinging and permitting vertical interengagement
of said packing means, and cam means forcing
said panel against said stops transversely to its
general plane.
15. In building construction, a framed wall—
opening; stops thereon; an inwardly swingable
panel in said opening; and means for ?atwise
tightening the panel in the framed opening, in
cluding, a footing-abutment to engage the in
side lower margin of the latter and being beveled 10
to wedge a mating bevel on the lower margin of
said panel, hinge means mounting said panel for
lateral swinging, and cam means forcing said
panel transversely to its general plane against
said stops.
15
16. In building construction, a framed wall
opening; an inwardly-swingable panel therein;
and means for ?atwise tightening said panel in
the framed opening, including a footing-abut
ment to engage the inside lower margin of the 20
latter, and means for mounting said panel for
swingable vertical displacement and displacement ,
flatwise within the framed wall-opening thereby
tightening the panel against leakage at other
points as well as at the footing-abutment.
HUBERT O‘. CARROLL.
25
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