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Патент USA US2113786

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April 12, 1938.
‘Filed Dec. 28, 1936
_/ orngs
Patented Apr. 12, 1938
Louis Gar?nkel, Providence, R. 1.
Application December 28, 1936, Serial No. 117,743
4 Claims.
The present invention relates to improvements
in combination bar-pins and clip-brooches of the
type illustrated and described in my copending
application, Serial No. 92,168 ?led July 23, 1936,
5 which application has issued as Letters Patent
Number 2,099,730.
One of the objects of the present invention is
to provide an article of the type indicated in
which the ornaments are freely slidable onto a
10 supporting member and automatically locked in
position thereon.
Another object of the invention is to provide
an article of the type indicated having interen-
(01. 63-20)
one of the ornaments in disassembled alined re
lationship; and
Fig. "I is a sectional view of a clip-brooch with
an interchangeable ornament mounted thereon.
In the combination bar-pin and clip-brooch .5
illustrated and described in my prior application,
referred to above, the ornaments are resiliently
latched in position on the supporting member.
gaging means so constructed as to permit the
l5 ornament to freely slide into position on the supporting member and to positively lock the orna~
Although such a construction is quite satisfac
tory and has met with public approval, it is pos- 1:0
sible for the ornaments to become detached from
the bar-pin- or clip and lost. This is particularly
true if the resilient tongue is bent or deformed
or if the parts become worn.
ment against movement in the opposite direc-
The present invention provides interengaging r5
means for positively locking the ornaments in
position on their supporting member. The ar
rangement is such that the ornaments may be
Another object of the invention is to provide an easily and quickly assembled on either the bar
v20 article of the type indicated in which the orna- pin or clips by merely sliding them into position 20
ment can only be removed from the supporting thereon without any appreciable resistance.
member by manually releasing the locking means.
After the ornament is in position a resiliently
Still another object of the invention is to pro- operated detent or shoulder on one part moves
vide an article of the type indicated having a into interlOcking engagement with a shouldered
25 simple and compact structure of highly orna- abutment on the opposite part to positively lock 25
mental appearance, adapted to be economically the Ornament in position 110 prevent its acci
manufactured from metal stampings, and with dental removal or displacement. After the shoul
the ornaments capable of being easily and quickly ders on the opposite parts of the article have
assembled and locked on either a bar-pin or clip. interlocked the ornament can only be removed
Further objects of the invention are set forth by manually depressing the resilient detent-ele- '30
in the following speci?cation which describes a merit to release the shoulders from interlocking
preferred form of construction of the article, by engagement.
way of example, as illustrated by the accompanyReferring to the drawing, the bar-pin is herein
ing drawing. In the drawing:
illustrated as comprising an ornament-supports
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a bar-pin embodying a ing member in the form of a ?at plate 2 having 35
pair of ornaments mounted in juxtaposition on cars 3 at one end for hingedly m?ll?ting a pin
a supporting member;
stem it; and a keeper 5 at its opposite end pro
Fig. 2 is a rear view of the bar-pin showing
vided with a safety catch ‘Jr- The Plate 2 is
the means for attaching the ornaments to‘ and preferably stamped from resilient sheet-metal
40 making them on the supporting member;
stock to form a rectangular central portion 1 and 40
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view on line
3-—-$ of Fig. 2 showing the detent~shoulders on
the spring-pressed tongue of the supporting memher in looking engagement with the lugs on the
narrower Wings 8 extending _therefrom with
should?“ 3 mfil‘ebetween- Durmg the stampmg
4 .’
. .1
t F.
3 h
15 atvlew mm M 0 1g‘
s OWmg " e
toward the center. The tongues l2 are preferably
in the form of narrow strips I?» which are bent
curved cam?ace on the tongue engaged by the
outwardly away from the plane of the plate 2 and
mg on the ornamem _t0 deprefsfs the tongu-g as
formed in any desired con?guration to give the
50 the Pma'ment 1S 5115- mt'o P0511710“ on the supPortmg member;
Fig. 5 is atransverse sectional view on line 5-—5
of Fig. 3 showing the relationship of the parts of
the locking means in end elevation;
Fig-6 is a perspective View of the bar-pin and
imeramqn p‘vnnilims of the plate are punched out
‘"0 provlde leslhent. tongues ‘2 éonnécteq at the
outer ends of the Wings 8 and extending inwardly 45
necessary stiffness and resiliency. The inward 50
free ends of the tongues l2 project laterally of the
narrow strip {3 and are deformed to provide
right-angular shoulders or abutments l4 and off
set lips l5 forming stops. As herein illustrated
the tongues i2 are apertured at the center of the ‘55
deformed portions so that the shoulders M are
disposed at the opposite lateral extensions of the
tongues; but it will be understood that the shoul
ders may extend throughout the full width of the
tongues. At the rear of the shoulders 14 and
at the opposite sides of the narrow strip IS the
material of the tongue is curved to form. cam
faces If; for a purpose as will later appear.
The interchangeable ornaments 29 may take
10 any desired form or con?guration being herein
illustrated as comprising pierced settings for bril_
liants, jewels or the like provided with guideways
2| on their rearward faces adapted to slide over
the wings 8 of the supporting member 2 of the
Each, guideway may be formed by
15 bar-pin.
slotting the material of the ornament or in
any other manner; being herein illustrated as
comprising a, struck-up plate 22 soldered or
otherwise attached to the back of the orna
20 ment. The plate 22 has side extensions folded
around to form spaced channels 23 which ter
minate short of the end of the plate to pro
vide a narrower ?at extension or lip 24. In
tegral with the side extensions forming the chan
25 nels 23 are lugs 25 which are folded inwardly
to overlie the guideway 2|. The sides of the
lugs 25 extend at right-angles to the guideway
2| and form abutments for locking engagement
with the shoulders 15 on the resilient tongues
30 12 as will presently more fully appear.
An ornament 29 may be mounted on one of
the Wings 8 of the supporting member 2 by ?rst
placing the lip 24 of the guideway plate 22
against the end portion of one of the wings
35 8 with its channels 23 in alinement with the
side edges of the wing. The ornament 23 may
then be bodily slid longitudinally of the sup
porting member 2 toward its center. During
the sliding movement of the ornament 29 with
respect to the supporting member 2 the opposite
inwardly-projecting lugs 25 engage the curved
cam-faces IE on the lateral extensions of the
tongue I2 and cause the latter to be depressed
to slide thereunder. At the end of the sliding
movement the ends of the channels 23 engage
the shoulders 9 on the supporting member 2, at
which time the right-angular shoulders M on
the tongue 12 are alined with the rearward sides
of the lugs 25. Due to the inherent resiliency of
the tongue !2 the latter snaps outwardly from
the plane of the supporting member 2 at right
angles to the direction of the sliding movement
so that the shoulders 14 are positioned at the
rear of the lugs 25 in abutting engagement there
with. The outward movement of the tongue i2
is limited by the engagement of the offset lip
IS with the under side of the lugs 25.
The ornament 29 is thus positively locked to
the supporting member 2 and is prevented from
60 sliding movement thereon in either direction.
Another ornament 23 of the same type may be
slid over the opposite wing B of the member
2 in the manner as above explained and in
juxtaposition with the ?rst ornament to form
65 an assembled brooch such as illustrated in Fig. 1.
To detach the ornaments 20 from the bar-pin
or supporting member 2 it is necessary to man
ually depress the resilient tongues l2 to disen
gage the shoulders M from the abutments or lugs
70 25 on the ornament. The ornaments may then
be slid off the supporting member 2 in a man
ner similar to that in which they were mounted
However, after the ornaments 20 have
once been mounted in position on the support
75 ing bar-pin 2 they are positively locked in posi
tion and cannot be unintentionally or acciden
tally detached so that any possibility of the orna
ments becoming lost is eliminated.
Fig. '7 illustrates a clip 33 which is adapted
to mount one of the interchangeable ornaments
described above. The clip 30 is of usual con
struction comprising a pair of leaves 3| and 32
hinged together by the pivot-pin 33.
The leaf
3| is provided with projecting prongs 34 for
gripping an article of apparel and a spring-?n 10
ger 35 for resiliently holding it in either open
or closed position with respect to the leaf 32.
The leaf 32 is of a construction similar to the
wings 8 of the supporting member 2 of the bar
pin previously described, having a resilient tongue 15
36 provided with right-angular shoulders 31 ad-‘
jacent its free end.
. When it is desired to apply one of the orna
ments 2!} to the clip 30 to form a clip-brooch
the ornament is detached from the supporting 20
member 2 of the bar-pin and mounted on the
leaf 32 of the clip 30 in the manner as pre»
viously explained. To this end the leaf 32 of
the clip 36 is positioned on the lip 24 of the
ornament with its opposite sides in alinement 25
with the channels 23. The ornament is then
slid longitudinally of the leaf 32 until the shoul
ders 3‘! pass by the lugs 25 and snap into lock
ing engagement therewith, a suitable stop being
provided on the leaf 32 to limit the movement 30
of the ornament 20 thereon. As explained with
respect to the bar-pin, after the shoulders 31
interlock with the lugs or abutments 25 the orna~
ment cannot be removed except by manually de
pressing the resilient tongue 36. With the leaf 35
3! in the position illustrated in Fig. 7 the clip
may be attached to an article of clothing by
merely pressing the two leaves together. The
spring~?nger 35 acting against a suitable abut
ment on the hinge causes the leaf 3| to snap
into closed position with respect to the leaf 32
to grip the prongs 34 against the clothing.
A preferred form of construction of the ar
ticle having now been described in detail, it
will be understood that various modi?cations may
be made in the structure and arrangement of
its parts within the scope of the invention. For
example, the channel plate may be on the bar
pin or clip for cooperation with a rectangular
plate on the ornament, and the resilient latch 50
ing tongue may be on the ornament for coop
eration with lugs or other forms of abutments
on the bar-pin or clip. The resilient tongue may
also be a separate element attached to the plate
instead of being integrally formed as illustrated. 55
It will be observed from the foregoing that the
invention provides a novel form of combined bar
pin and clip-brooch in which a single inter
changeable ornament may be mounted on a clip or
a plurality of the ornaments mounted in juxta
position on a. bar-pin. It will also be observed
that novel construction of the ornament and sup
porting members provide for convenient attach
ment of the ornament to and its detachment from
the supporting members and for positively look 65
ing the two parts in assembled relationship‘. It
will also be observed that a simple and compact
structure has been provided which may be eco
nomically manufactured.
While the invention is herein described and 70
illustrated as embodied in a preferred form of
construction, it is to be understood that modi?ca
tions may be made in the structure and arrange
ment of its parts Without departing from the
spirit or scope of the invention. Therefore, with
out limiting myself in this respect, I claim:
1. An article of jewelry comprising a support
ing plate, an ornament having a plate with the
edge portions thereof folded around to form
spaced channels for slidably mounting the orna
ment on the supporting plate, and interengaging
means for positively locking the ornament in po
sition on the supporting plate, said interengaging
10 means comprising detents on the ornament hav
ing shoulders overlying the opening between the
channels and a resilient tongue on the plate
adapted to slide by the detents in one direction
and having shoulders for engaging the shoulders
15 on the detents to prevent movement in the oppo
site direction.
2. An article of jewelry comprising a support
ing plate of resilient material apertured to form
a tongue projecting outwardly from the plane
20 of the plate and the tongue bent to form a right
angular shoulder, an ornament having a. guide
W‘ay, said supporting plate being slidable in the
guideway on the ornament, and interengaging
means comprising lugs on the ornament over
25 lying the guideway and adapted to be engaged
by the shoulder on the resilient tongue of the
supporting plate, said resilient tongue maintain
ing its shoulders in engagement with the sides
of the lugs whereby to prevent the ornament from
30 being slid oil from the supporting plate.
3. An article of jewelry comprising a support
ing plate having a resilient tongue projecting out
wardly from the plane thereof, said tongue having
a curved portion terminating in a right-angular
shoulder, an ornament having spaced channels
forming a guideway and inwardly-directed lugs
overlying the guideway, said supporting member
being slidable in the guideway on the ornament
and said lugs engaging the curved portion of the
tongue to depress the latter until the shoulders
slide past the lugs, the shoulders on the tongue 10
thereafter engaging the lugs to positively lock
the ornament in position on they supporting plate.
4. An article of jewelry comprising a support
ing plate with a cut-out portion forming a re
silient tongue extending from one end toward the 15
center and projecting outwardly from the plane
of the plate, said tongue having lateral extensions
with curved portions terminating in right-angular
shoulders, an ornament having a plate with its
edge portions folded around to form spaced 20
channels and provided with inwardly~extending
lugs, said channel plate being slidable onto the
supporting plate and said lugs engaging the
curved. portion on the lateral extensions of the
tongue to depress the latter to permit the shoul
ders to slide past the lugs, the shoulders on the
tongue thereafter engaging the lugs to positively
lock the ornament against movement in the oppo
site direction.
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