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Патент USA US2113848

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April 12; 1938.
s. K Lu‘
Filed Oct. 24, 1935'
51K KONG L U1.
e I Patented Apr. 12', 1938
3i. :1 -: i"
Sik Kong Lui, San Francisco, Calif.
ldpplicationgoetober 24, 1935; Serial No. 46,580
, .
j r Claim.
(01, 215-73)
'3 My‘inven‘tion relates to.improvements in per-
fume dispensers and, itconsists‘of‘the combinaA tions,v ' constructions and arrangements ,herein-,
after described and claimed.
7 ‘
.~ ; '
Anobject for my:in'vention is to provide a perfume dispenser in which the cover closing the
container also closes thevial carrying the per'‘ fume. The cover has an opening therein comI municating with the vial through which the per- .
( 10 fume passes. A cap is designed to be secured to
the coverand to close the opening therein.
I show’ two types of dispensers. In one of the
' types I make use of a pump mechanism for with-
drawing the perfume from the vial, and in the
15 other type the perfume is forced from the vial by
closure I3.
The closure has an opening I4 there- ,
in for slidably receiving a plunger I5., The
plunger is connected to the piston‘ H and carries -'
a'?anged member I6 that receives the upper end
of a coil spring I1. -The lower end of the spring .5;
is seated in a depression I8 in the bottom of the ‘
compartment I0.
Figure 1 shows a groove I9 in the wall of the
opening I4 for conveying the ?uid along the side
of the plunger. The wall of the compartment Ill 10
also has a groove 20 therein that extends from.
\the bottom of the compartment up to the bottom
of the piston II when the latter is in normal -
position. The closure I3 has a hollowed out por
tion that forms the upper end of the compart- 15
merely shaking the container.
ment I0. For a clearer understanding of the
The device is extremely simple in construction ' device I will designate that portion of the com
:and is. durable and e?icient for the purpose in-,
partment I0 below the piston as the temporary or
vtended. Although the drawing shows the de-
auxiliary reservoir A and that portion disposed
vice greatly enlarged for ‘purposes of clarity, in
actual practice the entire device is made small
enough to bev carried very easily in a woman’s
above the piston as the exit chamber B.
From the f0-I'eg0ing description of the Various
parts of the device the operation thereof may be
pocket book.
Other objects ‘and advantages will appear in the
'7 25 following speci?cation, and the novel features of
‘ the device will be particularly pointed out in the
appended claim.
ing drawing forming apart of this application,
' 1
device when carried in a pocket book assumes a 25 horizontal position. This permits the ?uid in the ,
to ?ll the auxiliary reservoir A.
The spring I’!
holds the top of the piston against the seat 22,
see Figure 2, and the piston in this instance acts 3-0 ~
Figure l is a vertical section through the device; - ~
‘ pump piston;
Figure 3 is a side elevation of the entire de'
as a valve to prevent the ?uid from'passing into
the exit chamber or compartment B.
‘Figure 2 is a side elevation of the device with
the cap- removed, and the cover shown in cross
a 35. section to illustrate a different position of the
vice; ‘and
A cap 2I normally encloses
vial 5 to bleed through the small opening 9 and
My invention is illustrated in the accompany30 in which
readily understood.
the cover ‘3 and its operating mechanism. The.
In use, the cap 2| is ?rst removed- Then the
plunger I5 is manually depressed. This will drive
the piston II downwardly in the compartment I0, 35 I’
and will force the ?uid from the reservoir A'
through the by-pass 20 and into the exit chamber
The by-p'a’ss 20 is larger than the opening 9
Figure 4 is a sectional view through amodi?ed
40 form of the invention. 1
In carrying out my invention I provide a con-
and this will prevent the pump piston II from
forcing the ?uid back into the vial 5. Moreover, 40
the vial has no outlet apart from the opening 9,‘
tainer I'which is threaded at 2 to receive a cover
3. The cover has ‘a ?ange 4 designed to‘ abut
the top of the container I when the cover ‘is
45 ‘screwed in place. A vial 5 is mounted within the
container I and has a threaded top 6 designed to ‘
Whereas, the reservoir or chamber B has an out? ‘
let, and the difference in pressure will cause the
?uid to ?ow into the reservoir‘ B instead of the
vial 5.
The plunger I 5 is now freed, and the spring ll
be received in the threaded portion 1 of thecover.
A disc 8 of any desired substance may be placed
"between the bottom of the vial 5 and the closed
50 end of the container.
The cover 3 has a small opening 9 communicate
.ing with the vial. The opening leads into a com-
will now return the piston back to normal posi
tion. ‘The piston Will ?rst 01088 the bY-DBISS 20
and continued movement will force the ?uid from '
the reservoir B and out through the groove I9. 50
The remainder of the ?uid in'the reservoir B will
drain out through the groove I9.
.partment I0 and this compartment slidably re- ~
In the modi?ed form shown in Figure 4,12,, vial
ceives a piston II. The upper end of the com- , 23 is shown and this vial is provided with a thick.‘
.55 partment I0 is‘threaded at I2 and receives a.
top end 24, which has a small passagewayv 25 55
therein. This long and‘ narrow passageway pre
vents the vial from being re?lled.
The vial 23 is placed in a container 26 and this
is rapidly shaken. This will drive out some of
the vial fluid through the aligned passageways
25 and 28. After use the cap 29 can then be
container is closed by a cover‘ 21. The cover has screwed onto the cover 2'! as shown at 33. A
shock absorbing pad 34 is placed between the
a threaded recess that receives the vial and has a
bottom of the vial 23 and the bottom of the con
small passageway 28 that aligns with the pas
sageway 25. A cap 29 closes the passageway 28 tainer 26. Should the open top vial 5 be con
and a washer 30 may be disposed in the cap and nected to the cover 21 in place of the vial 23,
will cover the open end of the cover 21. A washer
10 3| is also preferably disposed between the vial 5
and the cover 3,'see Figure 1, and in like man
ner a washer 32 is disposed between the vial 23
and the cover 21 in the device shown in Figure 4.
The threaded recess in the cover 21 has a de
15 pression extending above the washer 32 and this
depression receives a rounded projection on the
vial end 24 that extends above the‘ washer 32.
This depression in the top of the threaded recess
has rounded sides and when an open top vial such
.20 as that shown at 5 in Figure 1 is threaded into
the cover 21, then the rounded side wall of the
then the depression in the top of the threaded
recesswill guide the ?uid into the passageway 28 1O
as already stated.
While I have shown only the preferred forms
.of my invention it should be understood that
various changes or modi?cations may be made
within the scope of the appended claim without 15
departing from the spirit of the invention.
I claim:
A perfume dispenser comprising a vial pro—
vided with a closed top having a small opening
therein, a cover secured to the vial and having
a small opening aligned with the vial opening, a
depression will act as a guide for the?uid for
container enclosing the vial and being secured
directing it into the passageway 28.
to the coveryand a cap for closing the cover
In the operation of this form of the device,
25 the cap 29 is removed and then the container 26
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