Патент USA US2113875код для вставки
April 12, 1938. 2,113,875 R. CLARK ‘ HOLLOW ‘WALL Filed Feb. 4, 1957 in” m i .. v ' BY vi W a‘ ATTZRNESRI Patented Apr.‘ 12, 1938 _ 2,113,875 UNITED STATES PATENT" OFFIQE e, 2,113,875 HOLLOW WALL ‘ Rankin Clark, Waynesboro, Va. 2 ‘ Application February 4, 1937, Serial No. 124,125 ‘ 2 Claims. This invention relates to improvements in the method of construction of hollow concrete walls, ?oors and roofs, andmore particularly to the arrangement and utilization of my improved con ' stru’ction units ‘.or elements which are readily ' transported to a‘particular building job, and with '- which any desired building or' construction may be ~ easily and ef?ciently built. ‘An object of the invention is to provide a plu 10‘ rality of my improved inserts or forms made from - sheet metal‘ which cooperate with sheets of metal vlath or expanded metal which are spot welded ‘thereto, and when properly positioned on a build ing jobfwill be ?lled with concrete and with suit ,15, able‘reinforcing rods or strips, to form the studs or joists, after ‘which as many layers of plaster‘ and concrete may be applied to the inner and ‘ outer sheets of metal lath which are spaced apart the distance of said inserts, thereby forming the “201 inner and outer walls of the building, respectively. - Aiurtherobject of the invention is to provide (CI. 72-48) a wall showing a nailing insert incorporated in a stud; - Figure 6 is a perspective view of- one of my im proved sheet metal inserts orvforms. and Figure 7 is a side elevation of‘ one of my im-i‘"v proved locking clips or ties. Like characters of reference are used through out the following speci?cation and the accom-y panying drawing to parts. > designate ' corresponding ‘ In ‘carrying out my invention, I provide a plu rality of sheet metal inserts or forms I which are formed at their opposite ‘ends with laterally ex tending ?anges 2, which in turn, have their outer or free extremities bent or angled inwardly as'C at 3, and may be referred to as locking ?anges. The inserts I cooperate with sheets of metal lath or expanded metal 4, said lath lying in con tact with the ?anges 2, and being spot welded at intervals to said ?anges, as indicated at _5. The 20 ends of the lath '4 are bent inwardly over the improved sheet metal inserts or forms having locking ?anges 3,‘ and extend-a short distance sheets of metal ‘lath or expanded metal spot welded thereto, which cooperate with suitable fas 25 tening means to support the inserts in the de sired position and relation, whereby a double Walled construction may be built having air spaces there'beyo'nd, and serve to tie into the concrete when poured into the space between adjacent in between the walls. ' A still further object of the invention is to pro 30 vide an improvedbuilding construction in which my improved sheet metal inserts or forms will‘ be used in conjunction with sheets of metal lath or expanded metal spot welded to the inserts, whereby the walls, floors and roof of a building 35 may be constructed, all of which .are double walled, suitably reinforced, and forming air spaces between the walls, which are covered with plaster or cement, as‘desired. Other objects will appear as the description 40 proceeds. - “in serts. . As clearly illustrated ‘in Figures 1 and 3, units will be formed including a pair of oppositely spaced sheets of metal lath 4, with cooperating connecting inserts l spot welded thereto adjacent their ends or sides. When the actual construc tion work is being done, these units will be placed 26 30 in courses with adjacent ends of adjacent units abutting each other and being held in place by the locking clips or ties 6, which are slipped down over the adjacent locking ?anges. Thus it will 35 be seen that hollow stud forms will be provided at intervals in the wall construction, and suit able reinforcing rods or strips of steel 1 will be placed in these hollow forms, after which the con crete mix will be poured therein. 40 In Figure 1 of the drawing, I have shown a wall In the accompanying drawing which forms a part of my application, and corner, including two studs and a corner post Figure 1 is a transverse sectional view of a por tion or corner of a wall formed in accordance with in which a down spout ,8 may be, positioned if de sired. At any place in the construction, a parti tion may be formed by merely placing a unit 45 Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view' of a ?oor showing my improved sheet metal inserts or against the metal lath of the wall, and tying the 45 my invention; forms in position; Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view through 50 a stud or joist, formed in accordance with my invention; Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view taken through a wall and roof formed in accordance with my invention; 55 Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view through same thereto by suitable fastening wires or means 9, as indicated in Figure 1. The partition l0 may be of any desired thickness or extend at any angle from the wall. I 50 In Figure 2, I have illustrated my improved ?oor joist construction, which comprises the utilization of inserts ll having outwardly extending ?anges I2 at their ends, which cooperate with sheets‘ of . metal lath or expanded metal l3. The lath I3 is 55 2,113,875 spot welded at intervals to the ?anges l2, and is bent inwardly to tie into the concrete form ing the joist, when poured. A clip 6 will tie the adjacent ends of the lath together at the lower end of the joist form, while tie wires [4 may be used at intervals to connect the upper or ?ared portions of the joist form. It will be understood the inner and outer walls of the construction, and on the ?oors and roof thereof. It will be found that constructions built in ac cordance with my invention will be extremely strong, insulated, ?reproof, moistureproof and rel atively cheap to construct. Many minor changes in detail of construction that all inserts, tie wires, and clips will be per may be resorted to without departure from the manently left in the construction, and each will spirit of the invention. 10 add to the strength of the construction when the concrete mix is poured into the several forms. In Figure ‘5 of the drawing, I have illustrated a stud, joist or rafter construction, which is ‘ Having thus described my invention What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat ent of the United States is: 1. A building wall comprising spaced support formed similarly to the other constructions shown ' ing elements each comprising two channel mem 15 in Figures 1 and 3, except that I have included .bers having reversely directed ?anges on the a suitably formed. nailing strip or insert l5, which ?anges thereof, the channel members being held may be either wood or metal, and of any desired ‘ in substantially abutting relationship by clips ?t shape and form. It will be understood that ting over the inwardly directed ?anges, and wall either the wood or metal insert 15 may be placed reinforcing members of wire mesh clamped be in any desired position, whereby ?ooring, siding or tween the channel members at the ends thereof, reinforced concrete‘ ?llings for the openings‘ be roo?ng may be nailed thereto. In Figure 3, I have shown a sectional ‘view tween the channel members and the plastic fac ings on: the reinforcing members at the wall through a rafter l6, which is formed approxi mately like a stud, and as shown supports a suit 2. A building wall comprising spaced support :25 able roof material I‘! and a plaster ceiling [8. In Figure 4, I have illustrated how the end of - ing elements each comprising ‘two channel mem a roo?ng rafter is supported on and tied to the bers having reversely directed ?anges on the vside wall of ‘the building. A metal lath form I!) ?anges thereof, the channel members being held willbe supported within the upper end of the in substantially abutting relationship by clips ?t L30 wall 20, and will be ?lled with concrete mix and ting over the inwardly-directed ?anges,‘ Wall ‘re faces. ‘reinforcing rods 2|, to form a substantial plate upon which the roof proper will be seated. The reinforcing rods ‘I inserted in the studs will ex tend up into the rafter form, and will be bent over, as shown. Other reinforcing rods 22 will extend lengthwise within the rafter form, to re inforce the same, and to tie the roof to- the side walls of the building. It will be understood that concrete 'mix is poured as the building progresses, and that due an to my improved method of construction, no delay is required for the curing of the concrete. Many different types of ?nishes may be used on - _ ' inforcing members of wiremesh clamped between the channel members at the ends thereof, rein forced concrete ?llings for- the openings between .the channel members and the plastic’facings on the reinforcing members-at‘the wall faces, a con nection between the Wall and an angularly dis posed partition comprising wall reinforcing mem bers tied to the like members of the ?rst mem tioned wall and spaced from‘each other by a sin gle channel having reversely bent ?anges and tied 40 to the two reinforcing members of the partition. RANICIN CLARK.