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Патент USA US2113890

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April 12, 1938.7
R. A. LAKE
2,1 13,890
KEYBOARD PERFORATOR AND COUNTER
Filed Sept. 21, 17956
3 Sheets-Sheet v1
April 12, 1938.
R. A. LAKE
2,1 13,890
KEYBOARD PERFORAT'OR AND COUNTER
Filed Sept! 21; 1956
3 Shee ‘cs-Sheet 2
7-
.
INVENTOR
ROSS
A. LAKE
April 12, 1938.
R A LAKE
2,113,890
KEYBOARD PERFORATOR AND COUNTER
‘
Filed Sept. 21, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 5/
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INVENTOR
R088 A. LAKE
,
Patented Apr. 12, 19738"v
2,1133%? “
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,113,890
'
g
KEYBOARD PERFORAT‘OR
'
‘
COUNTER
Ross A. Lake, Chicago, 111,, ,assi'gnor, ‘by mesne
assignments, to T‘eletype‘setter, Corporation,
a corporation of Delaware
'
v
, Application September 21, 1936, Serial No. 101,749
and apparatus, and particularly to apparatus for ‘
preparing a control strip for the automatic con
cording to the rod selected, like rotation is im
parted to a spiral gear operatively associated
with'the counting barrel. Through a suitable
trol of composing machines.
gear train, variable motion is imparted to a ma- .
brass units carrying indented characters in their‘
edges, which are of different thicknesses, due to
the fact that the characters vary in width. To
will be moved through various cumulative dis
tances corresponding to the widths or thicknesses
This invention relates to composing systems
Composing machines of the linecasting type. trix pointer ‘associated with an indicator dial.
‘As/.‘the keys are depressed, the matrix pointer
are provided with matrices consisting of small‘
loiproduce lines of type, the matrices are assem
bled into a line of predetermined de?nite length
before the casting operation is performed, the
number of matrices necessary to complete a line
varying with the particular matrices already as
15?sembled. The length of the line, therefore, is
of the matrices represented by the keys. The va
riable motion imparted to the matrix pointer may
be adjusted'for different fonts of type by inter
posing between the key levers and the selector
mechanism for the counting device an inter
changeable code bar unit comprising a plurality
of pairs of elements, one pair allotted to each key
dependent upon the thickness of the several
lever and operable thereby. Means is provided
characters or matrices comprising the line.
It is necessary, during the preparation of a
lower case to upper case positions and vice versa
control strip representing lines of composed mat
ter for the production of the slugs or lines of
20
type, to totalize the various thicknesses of mat
rices so that the operator will be apprised. of the
length of line remaining available as each key is
operated, and can thus judge the justi?ability of
25.-the line.
>
The principal object of the present invention'is
to provide ‘a counting-device which is capable 'of
positive, efficient, and rapid operation.
To achieve the above and other objects of the
gorinvention, the keyboard perforator and counter,
according to Patent No. 2,059,250 issued to H. L.
Krum is modi?ed to embody the features of the
present invention. In addition to the Krum pat-i
ent, reference should also be had to Patent No.
35. 2,080,424 granted May 18, 193'? and Patent No.‘
2,083,570 granted June 15, 1937 to E. S. Larson
et al., and E. S. Larson, respectively, for a full and
comprehensive disclosure of a keyboard perfora
tor and counter in which the features may-be
40¢ embodied.
v
‘ In accordance with the present embodiment
of the invention, the keyboard includes key le¢
vers, arranged in a manner characteristic of type
writers, which operate through a permutation
45 selector mechanism contained. in the housing of‘
the perforator and counter apparatus, to position
permutably a series of code discs of a selector to
select one of a circumferentially arranged series
of rods. A counting barrel or rotor, to which a
50; continuous torque is imparted, is provided with
a circumferentially‘ arranged series of slides, an‘
operated one of which cooperates with the se
lected rods to determine the degree of‘rotation‘
of the counting barrel. Thus, as the counting
55 ‘,"barrel is rotated through variable angles ac-‘
for shifting the counting code bar unit from its
by the shift and unshift key levers respectively,
and also to provide means for insuring the prompt
return of the "matrix pointer to its beginning-of
line‘ position during a single revolution of the
release operating clutch mechanism.v
'
A more comprehensive understanding of the
present invention may be had from the follow
ing description, taken in conjunction with the ac
companying drawings, wherein like reference
characters represent similar parts throughout the
several views.
In the drawings,
30'
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a perforator and
counter with parts broken away showing the ap
paratus necessary for a clear understanding of
the present invention; ‘
b
Fig. 2 is a rear perspective view of a portion of
the keyboard perforator and counter showing the
indicating mechanism;
'
‘Fig. 3 is a fragmentary plan view, of a modi?ed
form of shift mechanism;
'
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken on line
4—4 of Fig. 3;’. i
Fig. 5 is a sectional View taken on line 5-5
of Fig. 3;
>
»
.
Figs. 6 and '7 are fragmentary sectional views
of the adjustable back stop according to the
present invention, and
45
Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the operating‘
shaft taken near the single revolution clutch em
ployed for controlling the return of the index
pointer to normal position.
‘
Having reference to’ Fig. 1, it is noted that most
of the parts shown have‘ their counterpart in the
structure illustrated in Patent No. 2,059,250, the
entire perforating mechanism not being’ shown,
but which, nevertheless, is operatively a part of 55
2
the present invention.
2,113,890
In Fig. 1 a plurality of
portions of projections 33 and 34 of the code ele~
key levers H are pivoted on a common rod (not
shown) and are normally held in a horizontal po
ments 25.
sition by individual springs (not shown).
ally by the numeral 4|, controls the movement of
These
A shiftable carrier or cradle, indicated gener
key levers extend over a number of pairs of selec- _ the removable code bar unit 28 from the shift or
tor bars l2 and It included in the perforator se
front position to the unshift or rear position, and
lector unit indicated generally by the numeral l4,
and the pairs of bars l5 and It included in the
selecting unit of the counting mechanism indi
vice versa.
10 cated generally as ll.
Fig. 4, suitably spaced apart to provide guideways
Each key lever II is ar
ranged to depress one of the bars |2--|3 or I 5--|6
As
for shown
the insertion
in Fig. and
4, the
removal
carrier
of 4|
code
is mounted
bar unit at 10
of each pair of bars. Through the medium of
rocker arms I 8, the bar |2 or l3 lifts the other
its'four corners on corner posts 44 which, in turn,
bar of the pair to reciprocate longitudinally a
15 bar It cooperatively associated with and sub
jacently disposed to each pair of bars 12 and I3
to impart corresponding movement to the associ-'
ated pivoted member 2|. The members 2|, as
disclosed in said patent, control the operation .of
20 punch interference elements 22 in the tape per
forating unit 23. Bars I!) are set in characteris
tic combinations, and for this purpose, bars I 2
and I3 are provided with notched upper edges, the
bars of each pair being complements; that is, the
25 high portions of one bar are disposed opposite the
low portions of the other bar of the same gen
eral pair.
Interposed between the series of key levers H
and the counter selector unit I1 is aIremovable
and interchangeable code bar unit, indicated gen
erally by the numeral 24, which carries therein
a plurality of pairs of coded elements 25. In this
manner, there is allotted to each of the key levers
H a pair of coded elements 25 which coact with
35 the pairs of permutation bars l5 and I5 of-the
counter selecting unit H.
The removable code bar unit 24 forv carrying
the pairs of coded elements 25 comprises a chan
nel-shaped member having a webbed-portion 25
and side walls 21 and 28,'which are,.in turn, pro~~
vided with flanges 29 and 3 | , respectively, (Fig. 4.) .
The web 2 5 is provided with rectangular apertures
32 (Fig. 3) to guide the vertical projections 33
and 34 of the coded elements 25. Theflanges 29
45 and 34 have notches in vertical alignment with
the apertures 32 to insure the vertically guided
movement of the coded elements 25.
The coded elements 25 areretained in their
uppermost positions
by
individual
I retention ,
Springs 35, each of which, as indicated in Fig.
comprises a coil spring having its extremity ex
tended tangentially thereto and oppositely (di
rected therefrom,_which, in turn, terminates in
laterally disposed portions ~35 (Figs. 1 and 4)
55 adapted to coact with the inner surface,‘respec~
tively of projections 33 and 34 of the coded ele—
are supported upon links 45, pivotally connected
to the posts 44 and brackets 46, mounted on base
portion“. The shifting of carrier 4| is accom 15
plished in parallel motion manner by shift mech
anism which, according to the present invention,
is controlled by the shift key lever 48 and unshiii
key lever 49, Fig. 1.
In order to associate the proper projections 58 20
on the counting code elements 25 with the proper
counting selector bars I5 and IE, it is necessary
toshiftthe position of the code bar unit 24 from
right to left, or vice versa, as viewed in Fig. 4,
which is ‘from front to rear, or vice versa, of the
keyboard apparatus. This movement is accom
plished, as previously indicated, by means of the
shift and unshift levers 48 or 49, having refer
ence to Fig. 1. Suitably carried in the portion
4'17 are bell cranks 5| and 52 pivoted at 53 and
54, respectively. The horizontal arms of bell
cranks 5| and 52 are adapted to coact with shift
and unshift key levers 48 and 49, and the depending arms of bell cranks 5| and 52 are pivotally
connected to a bar 55 which, in turn, is pivoted
at each end to bell crank levers 56, also pivotally
carried on portion 47. The other arms of the
bell crank levers 55 are pivotally articulated to
downwardly projecting studs or pins 5? on the
carrier 4|. With this arrangement, the shifting
of the carrier 4| is accomplished by depressing
eitherthe shift key lever 48 or the unshift key
lever
or 52. 49Assuming
to rotate that
theirthe
individual
unshift bell
key lever
cranks
Ali! is
depressed, bell crank 5| will be rotated in a
counterclockwise direction to move bar 55 right‘
wardly, whereupon bell cranks 56, articulated to
bar 55, will’ be rotated counterclockwise. The
rotation
studs 51, of
cause
bell the
cranks
carrier
56 4|
will,
to through
be shifted
pins
rear
wardly upon the supporting links 45. Conversely,
when the shift, key lever 49 is depressed, bell crank.
52- will be rotated in a clockwise direction to move
the bar 55 leftwardly. whereupon bell cranks 56
will be similarly rotated which, through studs 51',
will cause the carrier 4| to be shifted frontwardly
ments 25. These springs 35 are mounted upon
a rod 37 carried in the unit 24. A guide member
upon links 45.
38 guides the extremities of the springs 35. With
retention springs accordingto this arrangement,
bars l5 and IE will be moved in accordance with.
the location of the projections 58 on the code 60
elements 25 to cause the movement of the per
mutation bars 59 (which are operatively asso
ciated with the pairs of selector bars I5 and It
in a manner similar to the association of bars H)
with selector bars I2 and I3) in various permu 65
the code elements 25 are readily removable and
lnsertable, and are arranged asa ?oating con
struction. To insert a pair of code elements 25,
they-need only be assembled by means of their
65
Carrier 4| consists of a framework
comprising a pair of channelled guides 42 and 48,
dowel pins and'slid up.into the notches in ?anges
29 and 3| and into the corresponding apertures
32 until portions 35 of spring35 engage the
undercut portions of projections 33 and 34, the
spring then acting to urge the‘ pair of elements
25 upwardly to press the'shoulders 39 against
the ?anges 29 and 3|. The pair of elements 25
is readily removable by urging the pair down~
wardly under slight pressure, thus ?exing-the
tangentially extended portions of the spring 35
75 until the ends 36 thereof ‘slip over the inner. apical
.
When any key lever | | is depressed, the selector
tations. As indicated in Fig. 4, the code projec
tions 58 on one of the elements 25 are effective
in one position, and the projections 58 on the
other element 25 of the pair are effective in an
other position. The carrier 4| is shown in Fig. 4 70
in its right-hand or unshift position, in which
position, the projections 58 of the rear element 25
are observed as being in cooperative relation with
the selector bars l5 and Hi. In the position
shown, the projections 58 of the front element
3
2,113,890
25 are observed. asbeing outof ‘cooperative rela
tion with bars I5 and I6. When the carrier 5| ,
is moved to the shift or ‘leftward position, the
projecti0ns58 on the front element 25 will be
. disposed in cooperative relation with the bars iii‘
and I6, and the projections of the rear element
25 Will be out of‘ cooperative relation with bars
I5 and I6.
‘
‘ The bars 59, Fig. 4, as fully described in Patent
‘ No. 2,059,250, are operatively connected to a cor-‘
responding series of Y-shaped members 6|, (Fig.
1) which are adapted to be positioned in accord
ance with the operation of the permutation bars
59 to control the setting of. a plurality of notched
15 discs 62, forming part of ‘a code disc selector, in
dicated generally by the numeral 63. Individual.
“ to each of the members 6| and nctched‘code discs
62. is a transfer lever 64, which is pivotally mount
ed on a rod 65 carried in a bracket (not shown)
operated, in a manner described in Patent No.
2,059,250, to reciprocate the transfer levers 64
vertically. Upon reciprocation, the transfer le~~
vers 64 will be moved into cooperative relation
with the Y-shapedmembers 6|; that is, whether
the members 6| are swung to the right or left, as
viewed in Fig. 1, the abutments 69 of the trans
fer levers 64 will engage "or be free‘ of one or the
other of the abutments ‘I8 onthe upper end of
Y-shaped members 6| to cause the discs 62 to be
30 i
rocked in either a clockwise or a counterclock
wise direction.
With the Y-shaped members 6|
operated in varying permutations in accordance
with the movement of the permutation bars 59,
the discs 62 will likewise be rotated in varying
permutations and will, for, each permutation,
cause an alignment of notches formed in the pe
riphery of the discs.
Cooperating with the notches in‘the discs 62 are
a plurality-of rods 66 arranged with anti-friction
rollers 61, there being'a rod- individual to each
set of aligned notches. Each of the rods 66 is
centripetally biased by an individual spring .68.
In this, manner, the rods 66 tend to moveradially
toward. a common center into the notches of the
45, discs 62, but inasmuch asthe- notches are‘ar
ranged so that for each setting of the discs, only
one group of notches will‘be in transverse align
ment, only one of the rods 66 for each selec
tion will move into the notches. Also, the notches
50 in‘the discs 62 are arranged so that when the
discs are moved for a subsequent selection, the
previously selected rod 66 will be cammed out
wardly against the action of its associated spring
68. Carried on the right-hand end of veach of
the rods 66 is a stop- member 69 (Fig. l), which
a worm ‘I1.
Attention is directed hereinto the
structural feature of: counting unit ‘I2 in that it
is of ‘a very small diameter, thereby permitting
a high speed of rotation. By having the parts
near the axis of rotation, the centrifugal action
is reduced, and the amount of inertia is material
ly less, which makes possible the rotation of the
parts at very high speeds.
As previously mentioned, the slides 14 cooperate
with the rods 69 to arrest the rotation of the 10;
counting unit ‘I2, which is driven, through fric~
tion clutch 13, to cause a corresponding degree
of rotation to worm TI. The rotation of the worm
‘H, which meshes with a gear ‘I8 secured to a shaft
'39, causes the corresponding, angular rotation of
a shaft 8|, through gears 82 and 83. A worm 84
is ?xed to the other extremity of shaft 8| (Fig. 2)
and meshes with a worm wheel 85.
- As shown in Fig. 1, the indicator comprises a
bracket 81, which carries 'pivotally thereon,
through the instrumentality of member I69, a
dial 88, which is provided adjacent to its outer
arcuate edge with a scale or series of graduations
representing increments of a maximum length of
line. The reverted end of a matrix pointer 86 25
moves along this edge of the dial from left to
right, towards zero, in response to the totaliza
tion of the matrix thicknesses by the counting
mechanism. Thus, the distance from the‘pointer
96 to zero indicates the amount of space left in 30
the line to be ?lled with matrices if the line con
tains no space bands. However, if space bands
are inserted in the line, the space‘remaining to
be ?lled varies with the number of space bands
inserted. Consequently, to indicate the justifia
bility of the composed line, a pair of space band
pointers 89 and 9| are provided, the distance be
tween the pointers 89 and 9| indicating the
amount of expansibility of the space bands. "
In the embodiment shown, the dial 88 is articu
lated to the minimum space band pointer 9|,
through a pin 92, and is movable with said point
er. The space left in the line to be ?lled when
space bands are inserted is represented by the
distance between the matrix pointer 86 and any 45
point between space band pointers 89 and 9|.
The manner of effecting the differential or pro
portional movement of pointers 89 and 9| toward
the left (from their zero position) is fully set
forth in Patent No. 2,059,250.
As shown in Fig. 2, the matrix pointer 86 is
associated with the scale 88, and is separated from
thelcounting clutch to enable the introduction
of an adjusting mechanism for varying the move
ment, or rate of de?ection of the matrix pointer 55
86 with respect to the ?xed movement of the
slides in slots formed in a circular member ‘I I.
To the right of the code disc selector 63 (as counting mechanism 12, to permit direct pica
viewed in Fig. l) is a counting barrel or rotor 12 measurement of the type instead of limiting the
forming a part of the counting mechanism, which , measurement of lines to keyboar “ems”. The
is rotated by power communicated from a con -matrix pointer 86 is mounted for rotation on a 60
tinuously rotating motor (not shown), through pivot stud 95 ?xed to the bracket 81. Also asso
a friction clutch 13. The counting unit ‘I2 com
prises a plurality of circumferentially arranged
slides ‘I4, which are longitudinally slidable and
65: adapted to coact with the stop members 69 to
determine the degree of rotation of unit 12, and
any of the slides ‘I4 which are found in the zero
position are operated invariably by a lever (not
shown), while a previously. operated slide is simul
; taneously restored‘ to its normal or non-operated
position by a collar 15 to accomplish, through
the coaction of an operated slide 14 and a selected
stop member 6.9, the incrementally progressive
movement of the counting unit 12. The. count
15» ing unit 12 includes a shaft 16 on which is formedv
ciated with the matrix pointer 86, to rotate there
with on shaft 95, is a pinion 91.
'
The counting clutch, as shown in Fig. 5, com
prises a shaft 98, which terminates at one end in
a ?ange or disc 99, the other end of which is
threaded to receive a nut IUI. Shaft 98 is car
ried in a ?anged sleeve member I92, and attached
to the ?ange I95 of member I92 is the worm
gear 85.
The assembly, comprising shaft 98 and 70
sleeve. I82, is mounted in a bearing or bracket I83
carried on the base I94 (Fig. 2). Interposed be
tween the ?ange 99 and the ?ange I95 are a pair
of friction discs I96 and an intermediately dis
posed‘gear I61. Pressure is imparted tothefric
4
2,113,896
tion discs I06, to constrain the gear I01 for rota
tion with worm gear 85, by a compression spring
I00, which is compressed between the nut IOI
(Figs. 2 and 8), which provides an interconnec
tion between lever I48 and the key lever I! (Fig.
8) assigned to the elevator or end-of-line signal.
and a nut I09 carried on the sleeve I02. A fric
tion washer III is disposed between the nut I09
and the vertical bearing portion of bracket I03.
I40 aligned in its rotation with an arm I50 com
With the arrangement so far disclosed, the ro
tation of the counting unit 12 is imparted,
through gears 19 and 82 on shaft 19 and gear
83 on shaft 8| to worm 84, to rotate worm gear
85, to impart, in turn, rotation to the gear I01.
Meshed with gear 91 is a vertically disposed
rack member H2, carried in guide brackets H0
and I I3 mounted on frame 05, Fig. 2.
Carried on
15' rack I I2 is a stud I I4 which coacts pivotally with
one end of a lever II5, adjustably fulcrumed at
“0. Fulcrum IIO comprises a block member II1
(Fig. l) and receives a screw member I I8 in such
a manner that the block H1 is adapted, when
screw I I8 is turned by the knurled cap I20, to
travel along a diagonal slot I I9 (Fig. 2) in brack
et 96. Lever H5 is provided with a slot I2! to
provide, together with slot H9, a means for ad
justably controlling the vertical movement of
25 rack II2.
The left end of lever H5 (as viewed
in Fig. 2) cooperates with a stud I22, carried
on a rack member I23 suitably guided for verti
cal movement on the bracket 99. Rack I23
meshes with the gear I01 associated with the
worm gear 85 (Figs. 2 and 5) in such manner that,
when the gear 85 is rotated under the control of
the counting mechanism 12, rack I23, through the
instrumentality of friction discs I05 and gear I01,
is given a downward movement, which movement,
35 through stud I22, is imparted to lever I I5, causing
The cam I43, as shown in Fig. 8, carries a pin
plementary to the latch arm I41.
The pin I40
is arranged with respect to the clutch throw-out
cam surface I00 to operate the member I50 just
prior to the completion of the cycle of rotation
of the cam I43 and causes the rotation of the 10"
latch member I41 and the restoration of the lever
I46 tovits normal position or in a position to ar
rest the rotation of the driven portion I54 of
clutch I44 and cause it to move axially of the
shaft I45 or to the right, as viewed in Fig. 1. 15.
The purpose of the pin I40 and the arm I50 is
to ensure that thecam I43 will invariably be ar—
rested for each cycle of rotation. In other words,
the clutch I44 is referred to as a single revolu
tion clutch in that for each release of the driven 20.
portion I54, it makes a single complete revolution
before it is disengaged from the driving portion
I55 which is ?xed to the shaft I45.
Accordingly, upon the depression of the ele
vator key, downward movement will be impart 25
ed to link I49 to cause lever I48 to rotate coun
terclockwise (as viewed in Fig. 2) to raise lever
I41 (Fig. 1) to effect the release of clutch throw
out arm I 46, and to permit the engagement of
clutch I44 to cause the rotation of cam I43 30
through a single cycle of rotation. Through cam
I43 and follower roller I42 (Fig. 1), clockwise
rotation is imparted to lever I38 (as viewed in
Fig. 2) to cause, through link I31, the clockwise
rotation of bell crank I35, which, through shaft
it to rotate in a counterclockwise direction about
98 (Fig. 5), causes the counting clutch to become
fulcrum I I0 to elevate the rack I I2, which causes,
through gear 91, the matrix pointer 85 to move
toward the left (Fig. 2).
unclamped. Simultaneously with the unclamp
40
A lever I25, pivoted at I20 on bracket 95 and
actuated by a spring I21, is provided to effect the
return of rack I23 to its uppermost vertical posi
tion when the clamping effect of ?ange 99 on
gear I 01 is relieved.
To effect the prompt return of the rack I23, and
hence matrix pointer 85, to its beginning-of-line
position, the present invention provides a booster
or quick return means, comprising a bell crank
lever I20, pivoted on shaft I29 carried in a brack»
50. et 90 secured to bracket I03. Bell crank I20 has
an arm I3I, to the end of which is connected
one end of a spring I32, the other end of which
is connected to lever I 25. The other arm I 33 of
bell crank I20 cooperates with the depending arm
I34 of a bell crank lever I35 pivoted at I30. Le
ver I35 is normally employed to unclamp the
counting clutch, through the medium of its verti
cal projection
I36.
The unclamping of the
counting clutch is effected through link I31, piv
oted at the extremity of the horizontal arm of
lever I35, and pivotally articulated to a lever I30,
pivoted at I39 to a bracket MI, mounted on’ base
I04 (Fig. 2). As shown in Figs. 1 and 8, the ex
tremity of lever I38, opposite to the link I31, is
provided with a follower roller I42, adapted to co
act with a cam I43, associated with a clutch I44,
carried on the operating shaft I45. Also, asso'
ciated with clutch I44 is a clutch throw-out lever
I40, with which is associated a vertical latch arm
70. I41, which functions to disengage the clutch
throw-out lever I 40 from stop I 00. Latch I 41
is carried at the extremity of a lever I48 which,
as shown in Figs. 2 and 8, is pivoted on pivot I39.
To the extremity of lever I48, opposite to that at
75 which latch I41 is carried, is pivoted a link I40
ing function, the depending arm I34 of bell crank
I35 acts on arm I33 of lever I28 to cause lever
I28 to be rotated counterclockwise, which move~
ment, through arm I3I, stretches spring I32, and
thus, through spring I32, causes lever I25 to rc
tate in a clockwise direction.
It is understood
that the motions just described are sharp and
sudden, and hence the momentum imparted to 45
lever I25, through spring I32, is such as to im
part a sharp upward movement to rack I23, to
effect the return of rack I23 to its normal or be
ginning-of-line position during the time that gear
I01 is unclamped, and before it is again clamped. 50
The return of matrix pointer 30 is effected by
means of a spring I5I, through a lever I52,
which is provided at its extremity with a gear seg
ment I 53, which meshes with a gear 91 associated
with matrix pointer 86. Thus, when rack ‘I23 is 55
returned to its vertical stop position, lever H5 is
free to be rotated in a clockwise direction by the
action of spring I5I, which causes lever I52 to
rotate in a counterclockwise direction to impart
clockwise rotation to matrix pointer 85 and gear
91.
The clockwise movement of gear 91 causes
rack II2 to move downwardly and, through stud
II4, imparts clockwise rotation to lever II5.
Rack I23 cooperates with two vertical‘ stops;
namely, a ?xed stop I55 and an adjustable stop 65
I 55 (Fig. 2). The ?xed stop I55 comprises, in
the present embodiment, a set screw mounted in
lug I58 on bracket 96, and is set so that when
rack I23 abuts against stop I55, the slots I59
and I2I are parallel and coincident. The ad 70
justable stop I58 is adapted to mesh with an ad
justing screw I59, supported vertically in brack
ets I64 and I65, and provided with a cap portion
I66. As indicated in Figs. 6 and '1, adjustable
stop I55 comprises a block provided with a 75
2,113,890
threaded groove on its edge to correspond to the
screw I 59 so that block I56 can be drawn,.at
will, out of engagement with screw I59. To en
able the block I56 to be readily and easily with
drawn from the screw I59, a pair of cam levers
, I61 are provided which are pivoted to stem I68
5
such, totalizations, a unit carrying a plurality of
coded elements, pivoted carrier means for re
ceiving and supporting said unit, said unit being
interchangeably insertable in said carrier
means in operative relation to said keys for in
terchange according to the font of type to be
integral with block I56. Levers I61 are normally used, and means controlled by certain of said
held in the position shown in Fig. 6 by means of
‘a coiled spring I69. When the levers I61 are
10 pinched or drawn together to the position shown
in Fig. '7, the block I56 is withdrawn from engage
ment with screw I59 and in this manner block
I59 may be shifted vertically to achieve a quick
adjustment of the adjustable back stop. After
15 the desired stop position is approximated, the
cap I66 (Fig. 2) is turned to effect, through
screw I59, a micrometer or ?neadjustment of
block I56. As noted in Fig. 2, rack I23 is provided with a lateral portion I1I which abuts the
20 adjustable stop I56.
-.
Modi?cation
In Figs. 3 and 4 is shown a modi?ed form of the
shift mechanism for shifting the counting code
25 bar unit, under the control of an additional
pair of selector bars I2 and I3 in the perforator
selector unit I4. As indicated in Fig. 3, a bar I9
-_ is provided with angular members I6I, which
are pivotally articulated to a pair of bell cranks
30 I62, pivotally carried on base 41, the other
arm of the bell crank being pivotally articulated
to studs I63 (comparable to studs 51 in Fig. 1).
Thus, upon the depression. of the shift or un
shift key levers, the pair of bars I2 and I3, asso
ciated with the shift mechanism, is operated to
cause, through rocker members I8, the longitudi
Vnal shifting of bar I9 individual thereto. Thus,
the depression of the shift key lever will cause
bar I9 to be shifted rightwardly, as viewed in
40
Fig. 3, to impart counterclockwise rotation to
bell crank I62, thus causing, through studs I63,
the carrier III to be moved rearwardly. Then,
when it is desired to shift the carrier M to its
other shift position, the opposite shift key will
be operated, which will cause, through rocker
arms I8, the bar I9 to be shifted leftwardly (Fig.
2) to cause bell cranks I62 to be rotated clock
wise, thus causing the carrier 4| to be moved for
ward.
,
Although the present invention has been dis
closed in connection with the perforator and
counter, it is, of course, understood that the in
vention is capable of‘ embodiment in many and
‘varied applications other than that speci?cally
disclosed without departure from the spirit and
scope of the invention as de?ned in the appended
claims.
What is claimed is:
‘
keys to pivot said carrier means to determine the
shift or unshift position of said unit.
3. In a; keyboard apparatus, a series of keys, a 10
counting mechanism comprising means to total
ize various additive amounts and to indicate con
tinuously such totalizations, a unit carrying a‘
plurality of _ coded elements, pivoted carrier
means for supporting said unit, said unit being 15
interchangeably insertable in said carrier means
in operative relation to said keys for interchange
, according to the font of type to be used, a pair
of studs mounted on said carrier means, means
comprising a pair of bell crank levers having a 20
common‘link. therebetween associated with said
studs,‘ and means articulated to said common link
individual to certain of said keys and controlled
thereby to pivot said carrier means to determine
25
the shift or unshift position of said unit.
4. In a keyboard device, a counting device, a
scale, indicating means movable with respect to
said scale' in accordance with the key operated,
an element associated with said counting device,
another ‘element associated with said indicating 30
means, a proportionally adjustable instrumental
ity interconnecting said elements to vary the op
erative relationship between said counting device
and said indicating means, and means e?ective
under certain operating conditions to actuate said 35
?rst recited element positively and independent
lyiof said operative relationship.
.5. 'In combination, a counting device, a scale,
indicating means movable with respect to said
scale, an element associated with said counting
14.0
device, another element associated with said in
dicating means, means cooperatively related to
said elements to vary the operative relationship
between said counting device and said indicat
ing means, and means effective under certain 45
operating conditions to actuate said ?rst recited
element positively and independently of said op
erative relationship.
6. In an apparatus for preparing control strips
for typographical machines, a counting device, 50
an indicating means, an element associated with
said counting device, another element associated
with said indicating means, means cooperatively
related to said elements to vary the operative
relationship between said counting device and 55
said indicating means, and means effective un
der certain operating conditions to actuate said
?rst recited element positively and independent
ly of said operative relationship.
1. In an apparatus for preparing control strips
'7. In an apparatus for preparing control strips 60
for linecasting machines, an indicating device in
for typographical machines, a counting device,
cluding a scale, an index pointer, a counting de an indicating means, a rack member associated
vice, means to control the operation of said with said counting device, a rack member asso
counting device incrementally, means controlled ciated with said indicating means, an element
by said counting device to control the actuation cooperably interposed between said rack mem 65
' of said index pointer with respect to said scale, bers, means associated with said element to vary
motive means including a single revolution clutch, the effectiveness of said counting device upon
means associated with said motive means vto
said indicating means, and means effective under
' render said counting device ineffective to actuate
certain operating conditions to actuate‘ said ?rst
said second recited means, and means to insure
recited rack member positively and independent 70
the return of said second recited means to its
ly
of said operative relationship.
normal position during a single revolution of said
8. In an apparatus for preparing control strips
clutch.
2. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys, a for linecasting machines, an indicating device
mechanism comprising means to totalize various including a scale, an index hand, a counting de-}
75
additive amounts and to indicate continuously .vice, means to control the operation of said
6
2,1 13,890
- counting device incrementally, means controlled
by said counting device to control the actuation
of said index hand with respect to said scale,
motive means including a single revolution
clutch, clamping means to effectuate the move
ment of said index hand, means associated with
said motive means to render said clamping means
ineffective, and means associated with said last
mentioned means to insure the return of said
10
relationship between said counting device and
said indicating means, an adjusting screw, and
means for limiting the normal return movement
of said ?rst recited element, said last recited
means being movable integrally within a wide
range and including a portion meshablc with
said screw to provide adjustability within a nar
row range.
14. In an apparatus for preparing control
second recited means to its normal starting
position during a single revolution of said clutch.
9. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys,
ciated with said counting device, another element
an indicating device including a scale, an index
associated with said indicating means, means
strips for typographical machines, a counting 10
device, an indicating means, an element asso
hand, a counting device, means responsive to cooperatively related to said elements to vary the
15 the actuation of certain of said keys to control
operative relationship between said counting de
the operation of said counting device increment
vice and said indicating means, an adjusting
ally to actuate correspondingly said index screw, and cam release means for limiting the
hand with respect to said scale, clamping means, normal return movement of said ?rst recited ele
to effectuate the movement of said index hand, ment, said last recited means being movable
'20 motive means including a single revolution clutch, integrally within a wide range and including a so
means associated with said motive means and portion meshable, underthe control of cam le
responsive to the actuation of another of said vers, to provide adjustability within a narrow
keys to render said clamping means ineffective, range.
and means associated With said last 'mentioned
means to insure the return of said index hand
paring control strips for typographical machines,
to its normal position during a single revolution
a counting organ, means for effecting ?xed ac
of said clutch.
,
10. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys,
a counting mechanism comprising means to
totalize various additive amounts and to indi
cate continuously such totalizations, a unit car
rying a plurality of coded elements, pivoted
means for supporting said unit provided with a
pair of studs, means comprising a pair of bell
35 crank levers having a common link therebe
tween associated with said studs, and means ar
ticulated to said common link and controlled
tuations of said counting organ for each opera
tion thereof, indicating means controlled by said
counting organ, a ratio mechanism for varying
the e?ect imparted by the ?xed actuations of ISO
said counting organ upon said indicating means,
an adjusting screw, and cam controlled limiting
means for said ratio mechanism, movable inte
grally within a wide range and including a por
tion meshable with said screw to provide adjust- ability within a narrow range.
16. In a keyboard perforator and counter, a
by certain of said keys to shift said pivoted
perforating device, a counting device, selector
means to determine the position of said unit.
11. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys,
a counting mechanism comprising means to
totalize various additive amounts and to indi
cate continuously such totalizations, a unit car
plurality of coded elements, pivoted means for
supporting said unit provided with a pair of
studs, means comprising a pair of bell crank
rying a plurality of coded elements, pivoted
45 means for supporting said unit provided with a
pair of studs, means comprising a pair of bell
crank levers having a common link therebetween
associated with said studs, and means compris
ing a pair of parallel code bars responsive selec
tively to certain of said keys to shift, through
said link, said pivoted means to determine the
position of said unit.
12. In apparatus for preparing control strips
for typographical machines, a scale, an indicat
ing means, a counting device for moving said
means with respect to said scale various incre
mental amounts representative of matrix widths,
a ratio mechanism comprising a proportionally
60
15. In combination, in an apparatus for pre~
adjustable instrumentality interposed between
and operably related to said device and said
means to vary the operative relationship between
said device and said means, motive means in
cluding a single revolution clutch, means asso~
ciated with said motive means to render said
counting device ineffective to move said indicat
ing means, and means ‘associated with said last
mentioned means to insure the return of said
indicating means to its normal position during
a single revolution of said clutch.
13. In an apparatus for preparing control strips
for typographical machines, a counting device,
an indicating means, an element associated with
said counting device, another element associated
with said indicating means, means cooperatively
related to said elements to vary the operative
mechanisms for said devices, a unit carrying a
levers having a common link therebetween, and
means articulated to said commion link and con
trolled selectively through one of said selector
mechanisms to shift said pivoted means to change
the position of said unit with respect to the other
of, said selector mechanisms.
17. In an apparatus for preparing control strips
for linecasting machines, a scale, an index point
er, spring return means therefor, a counting de
vice, means to control the operation of said
counting device incrementally, frictionally driven
means controlled by said counting device to con
trol the actuation of said index pointer with re
spect to said scale, motive means including a
single revolution clutch, disabling means asso
ciated with said motive means to render said
counting device ineffective to actuate said fric
tionally driven means, and means associated
with said disabling means to insure the return
of said frictionally driven means to its normal
position during a single revolution of said clutch
independently of the action of said spring re
turn means.
18. In a keyboard device, a scale, indicating
means movable with respect to said scale, a count
ing device, means to control the operation of
said counting device, an element actuated by
counting device, a member associated with
said indicating means and controlled through
the instrumentality of said element, spring re
turn means for said member, means for disabling
said counting device, and means e?ective in re
sponse to said disabling means to actuate said 75
2,113,890
element positively and independently of the ac
tion of said spring return means upon said mem
ber.
‘
19. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys,
an indicating device including a scale, an index
hand, spring return means therefor, ‘a counting
device, means responsive to the actuation of
certain of said keys to control the operation of
7
ly related to said gear operated element and said
member to vary the operative relationship be
tween said counting device and said registering
means, and means independent of said adjustable
means operable under certain operating condi- ,
tions to actuate said gear operated element posi
tively and independently of said member.
23. In an apparatus, a plurality of elements,
said counting device incrementally, rack and gear means to enable the actuation of said elements,
a uni-directional counting organ comprising a 10
10 means associated with said counting device,
clamping means to effectuate through said‘ rack plurality of circumferentially arranged slidable
‘and gear means the movement of said index members, means effective through the coopera
hand, motive means including a. single revolu _tion of said members and said elements to con
tion clutch, disabling means associated with said trol the incremental progressive movement of
said counting organ, indicating means responsive v15
"15 motive means and responsive to' the actuation of
another of said keys to render said vclarmoing to the actuation of said organ, a gear operated
means ine?ective‘, and means associated with said element associated with said counting organ, an
disabling means to insure the return. of said rack instrumentality associated with said indicating
and gear means to its normal position during a means, adjustable means cooperatively related to
said element and said instrumentality to vary the 20
20 single revolution of said clutch independently of
operative relationship between said counting or
the action of said spring return means.
'
I '20. In a keyboard device for preparing con
trol strips for- linecasting machines, a count
ing mechanism operated in incremental amounts
representative of matrix‘widths, a plurality of
elements, means operated per'mutably for in
gan and said indicating means, and means in
dependent of said adjustable means operable un
der certain operating conditions to actuate said
gear operated element ‘positively and independ ~25
ently of said instrumentality.=
variably selecting one of said elements, a count- .
24. In combination with a keyboard perforator
ing organ controlled through said means and
suitable for the production of perforated tape .
coacting with the selected element for determin
130 ing the extent ‘of operation of said counting
mechanism, an indicating means responsive to
the action of said counting organ, a' slidable ele
‘ment associated with said counting mechanism,
representing lines of composition, a counting
mechanism operated in incremental amounts‘ 30
representative of matrix widths, a plurality of
elements, means operated permutably for in
variably7 selecting one of said elements, cam op
a slidable member associated with said indi
cating means, a proportionally adjustable in
erated means controlled through said means and
strumentality interconnecting said slidable ele
ing the extent of operation of said counting
mechanism, an indicating means responsive to,
ment and slidable member'to' vary‘ the opera
tive relationship between said counting mecha
nism and said indicating means,‘ and means‘ in
dependent of ‘said instrumentality operable un
der certain‘operating conditions to actuate-said
slidableelement positively and independently of
_ said slidable member.
21, In ‘an, apparatus, a‘plurality of elements,
means to enable the actuation of said‘ elements,
‘a counting device comprising a plurality of cir
' cumferentially arranged slidable v‘members, cam
controlled means to control the operation of
said device incrementally through the coopera
tion of said members and said elements, indi
coating means responsive to the action of said
controlled means, a slidable element asso
ciated with said counting device, ‘a member asso
ciated with said indicating means, a propor
tionally adjustable instrumentality cooperatively
related to said slidable element and saidslidable
member to Vary the operative relationship be
tween said counting device andsaid indicating
means, and means independent of said instru
60 mentality operable under certain operating con
ditions to actuate said slidable element positive
ly and independently of said slidable member.
22. In an apparatus, a counting device, means
for actuating said device including a series‘ of
operable elements, a plurality of stop members,
,means for operating an element invariably at a‘
fixed point representative of the zero position,
cam controlled means for operating the elements
to cause their cooperation with said members
70 to effect the corresponding operation of the
counting device, a registering means responsive
to the action of said cam controlled means, a
gear operated element associated with said
counting device, a member associated with said
.175 registering means, adjustable means cooperative
coasting ‘with the selected element for determin £35
the action of said cam operated means, a rack
element associated with said counting mecha
nism, a rack member associated with said indi— 40
cating means, adjustable means associated with
said rack element and said rack member to vary
the effectiveness of said counting mechanism
upon said indicating means, and means inde
pendent of said adjustable means operable under 45
certain operating conditions to actuatesaid rack‘
element positively and independently of said
rack member.
25. In a keyboard device, a plurality of keys,
a shaft, an indicator, motive means constantly 50
tending to govern the incrementally progressive
movement of said shaft, means invariably con
trolled by said keys to release said shaft for
rotation, gear and rack means to transfer the
movement of said shaft to said indicator, a‘ 55
special key, disabling means controlled by said
special key to render said gear and rack means
ineffective to move said means, and means con
trolled by said disabling means to operate said
gear and rack means reversely independently of 60
said indicator.
1
26. In combination in an apparatus for pre
paring control strips for typographical machines,
a signal determining means operable variably to
impress signals 01, said control strip, a counting 65
organ. means for effecting ?xed actuations of said
counting organ for each operation thereof cor
responding to the variable operation of said sig
nal determining means, indicating means con
trolled by said counting organ, a divisible ratio 70
mechanism for varying the effect imparted by
the ?xed actuations'of said counting organ upon
said indicating means, means having a de?nite
period of operation for rendering the actuations
of said counting organ ineffective during said 75
8
2,113,890
period, and booster means controlled by said
last recited means to impart reverse action to
one divisible portion of said ratio mechanism to
insure its complete restoration during said period
of operation.
27. In a keyboard device, a counting device, a
scale, an index hand and spring return means
therefor, mechanism nonconcentric with said in
dex hand and including friction means to move
said index hand with respect to said scale in
accordance with the operation of said counting
device as determined by the key operated, means
invariably controlled by one of said keys to render
said friction means ine?ective to move said index
hand, and means controlled by said last recited
means to insure the restoration of said friction
means to its initial position independently of the
restoration action of said spring return means.
28. In a keyboard device, a counting device, a
scale, an index mechanism and spring return
means therefor, mechanism non-concentric with
said index mechanism and including gear and
rack means to move said index mechanism with
respect to said scale in accordance with the op
eration of said counting device as determined by
the key operated, means invariably controlled by
one of said keys to render said gear and rack
means ineifective to move said index mechanism,
and means controlled by said last recited means
30 to insure the restoration of said gear and rack
means to its initial position independently of the
restoration action of said spring return means.
29. In combination in a machine for prepar
ing control strips for typographical machines, a
35 counting organ, clutch means comprising a rack
member responsive to ?xed actuations of said
counting organ, indicating means comprising a
.rack member controlled by said clutch means,
means comprising a proportionally adjustable
instrumentality for varying the effect of the ?xed
ctuations of said counting organ upon said in
dicating means, said instrumentality constrained
to move invariably with one only of said rack
members, disabling means to render said clutch
means ineffective to control said indicating
means, and means controlled by said disabling
means to insure the restoration of said ?rst
recited rack member to its initial position inde
pendently of the like restoration of said second
recited rack member.
30. In an apparatus for preparing control
strips for linecasting machines, a scale, an index
pointer, spring return means therefor, a count
ing device, means to control the operation of
said counting device incrementally, control means
controlled by said counting device to control the
actuation of said index pointer with respect to
said scale, motive means including a single rev
olution clutch, disabling means associated with
60 said motive means to render said counting de
vice ineifective to actuate said control means,
and yieldable means associated with said dis
abling means to insure the restoration of said
control means to its normal position during a
single revolution of said clutch independently of
the action of said spring return means.
31. In an apparatus for preparing control
strips for linecasting machines, a scale, an index
said motive means to render said counting de
vice ineffective to actuate said control means,
and anti-shock means associated with said dis‘
abling means to insure the restoration of said
control means to its normal position during a
single revolution of said clutch independently
of the action of said spring return means.
32. In a keyboard device, a scale, indicating
means movable with respect to said scale, a
counting device, means to control the operation 10
of said counting device, an element actuated by
said counting device, a member associated with
said indicating means and controlled through
the instrumentality of said element, spring re
turn means for said member, means for disabling 15
said counting device, and a booster means ef
fective in response to said disabling means to
actuatev said element positively and independ- _
ently of ‘the action of said spring return means
upon said member.
'
20
33. In an apparatus for preparing control
strips for linecasting machines, indicating means,
spring return means therefor, a counting clutch,
an element operated by said clutch for control
ling said indicating means, disabling means for 25
imparting to said clutch a de?nite period of
ineffectiveness, and means controlled by said
disabling means to effect during said period the
restoration of said element to its initial position
independently of the action of ‘said spring return
means.
»
,
34. In an apparatus for preparing control
strips for linecasting machines; indicating means,
spring return means therefor, a counting clutch
comprising a normally clamped gear, a rack
cooperable with said gear for controlling said
indicating means, disabling means having a pre
determined period of operativeness for unclamp
ing said gear, and means controlled by said dis
abling means to effect during said period the 40
restoration of said‘ rack to its initial position
independently of the action of said spring return
means.
35. In an apparatus for preparing control
strips for linecasting machines, indicating means, 45
spring return means therefor, a counting clutch
comprising a normally clamped gear, a rack co
operable with said gear for controlling said indi
cating means, means having a predetermined
period of operativeness for unclamping said gear, 50
and resilient means controlled by said last re
cited means to effect during said period the res
toration of said rack to its‘ initial position inde
pendently of the action of said spring return
means.
36. In an
'
apparatus
for ’ preparing
control
55
strips for linecasting machines, indicating means,
spring return means therefor, a counting clutch
comprising a normally clamped gear, a rack co~
operable with said gear for controlling said in 60
dicating means, means having a predetermined
period of operativeness for unclamping said gear,
and a booster device controlled by said last re
cited means to effect during said period the res
toration of said rack to its initial position inde 65
pendently of the action of said spring return
means.
37. In combination in an apparatus for pre
pointer, spring return means therefor, a counting
paring control strips for typographical machines,
device, means to control the operation of said
counting device incrementally, control means
controlled by said counting device to control the
actuation of said index pointer with respect to
said scale, motive means including a single revo
lution clutch, disabling means associated with
a signal determining means operable variably to 70
impress signals on said control strip, a counting
device comprising a normally clutched gear, selec
tor mechanisms for said devices, a unit carrying a
plurality of coded elements, pivoted means for
supporting said unit provided with a pair of 76
9
2,113,890
studs, means comprising a pair of bell crank
levers having a common link therebetween, means
articulated to said common link and controlled
selectively through one of said selector mecha
nisms to shift said pivoted means to change the
position of said unit with respect to the other of
said selector mechanisms, means to control said
counting device irrespective of said change of
position of said unit, means for indicating the
10 action of said other selector mechanism on said
counting device corresponding to the variable op
eration of said signal determining means, a rack
cooperable with said gear for controlling said
indicating means in accordance with the opera
15 tion of said counting device, means having a
predetermined period of operativeness for de
clutching said gear, and means controlled by said
last recited means to e?ect during said period
the restoration of said rack to its initial position
independently of the operation of said indicating
means.
38. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys, a
mechanism comprising means to totalize various
additive amounts and to indicate continuously
such totalizations, a unit carrying a plurality of
coded elements, a parallel motion means for sup
porting said unit, said unit being adapted to be
interchangeably insertable in said supporting
means in operative relation to said keys for inter
change according to the font of type to be used,
and means controlled by certain of said keys to
shift said parallel motion means to determine
the shift or unshift position of said unit.
39. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys, a
counting mechanism comprising means to totalize
various additive amounts and to indicate continu
ously such totalizations, a unit carrying a plu
rality of coded elements, a parallel motion means
for'supporting said unit, said unit being adapted
to be interchangeably insertable in said carrier,
means in operative relation to said keys for inter
change according to the font of type to be used, a
pair of studs mounted on said parallel motion 10
means comprising a pair-of bell crank levers hav
ing a common link therebetween associated with
said studs, and means articulated to said common
link individual to certain of said keys and con
trolled thereby to shift said parallel motion means 15
to determine the shift or unshift position of said
unit.
‘
40. In a keyboard apparatus, a series of keys, a
counting mechanism comprising means to totalize
various additive amounts and to indicate con-1 20
tinuously such totalizations,‘ a unit carrying a
plurality of coded elements, parallel motion means
for supporting said unit provided with a pair of
studs, means comprising a pair of bell crank levers
having a common link therebetween associated 25
with said stud, and means comprising a pair of
parallel code bars responsive selectively to cer
tain of said keys to shift, through said link, said
parallel motion means to determine the position
30
of said unit.
ROSS A. LAKE.
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