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Патент USA US2113919

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April1z, ~1931s.
«2,113,919 1
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F11@ Nov. $24; l193@v
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PATENT cerros.; f
vfEmcLE slcrîannnvlce‘
„ n
lli Korein‘ats'u, Óak'iand, Calif., assigner> of,v one-p '
v third to‘J.' S. Killzm, Piedmont, Calif., and one-
femmina lilarryfC. Schroeder. Concord, ¿_Calif._
inventionrelates to visual signal devices lI4 and s1 >lower section I6. y'I'heupper sectionis
used to indicate the directions vof movement oi’ a provided along its edge with a ridge ,l'l which en-_
vemcle- ~
'_ .Y
Igenres ini-«a ‘complementßrrreœss -lßfformed‘ onf;
„Itisan object oftheinventionfto, provide an
the edge >of the "lower *sectionV _so'that when the ,
5 improved' construction;V for " vehiclex` signal. de- ’ »two sectiom arejoined relativehorizontai :n'nive-- 5
‘_ j;
,v ‘-
“ment therebetweengisjprevented, l'I'h’e_loyzv’erseo- :
`Another .object ofy vthe invention „isftoprovide y ytion ¿is provided with "al centrally apertured___boss
l i novel
of thefor
the signal-lamps
„ inY. a ` Aand
the apertureilß
and part of.-ofthe
thelower sec.L
10 ¿A i'urtherobject oitheinvention isto `provide ' tionrare’provided .with a peripheral groove' 2|?¿ir`i‘ 10
improved means fior` esllientlyf supporting the i which is seated astragp 22 whose opposite e’ñdsare i
iampsfandi for conducting the current in f secured to l‘uesj 23,“ risiheurwardlv from _the base x
’the lamp circuits. Í ; - "'
- y
_ The invention possese
I2, by screws”.
otnerpbjects and rea.-
` e `itui'esof importancesomeoi'whicntogetherwith
base I2. The casing is made of transparent ma- 15
the foregoing, will be__spi‘e'cii’ic‘all‘y` set forthA inthe
*detailed description oi’ ` the' ‘inventior'r hereunto
terial `whichfmay `be glass', a phenol-resl'n‘ìcom- i*
position, molded celluloid, 'or any' substance `of a
It is` to beunderstoodthat the inven-
like nature.
«tion is not to belimited to theparticularspecies
scope o! the appendedh claims. „
` ~
my invention thereto.
'è f f i
tures 26.` A_ pairïoiÍ lamp-_supports is -`provided ‘25'
‘ i device, portions -oi'` 'the
'eachconstmctedof a singleportionof
_broken away i a rectangular frai‘ne
metal having‘its center-section removedto ioruril
so `as to more clearly disclose :the interior'conf»
between the edgesof the groove`2| is a‘notch
f by the strap 22„provide a _pairof‘opposedaperf‘ ~ .,
_ ` ‘Figure 2‘is a` side elevationalview of the signal
¿ _
which, when _the sections are slumpedtogetherg.` ._ „ _
, Figure‘l is a perspective view of an automobile
ïwithin the lamp casing. `liformedfin »each >edge 20 i
` __.showingthe _applicationhoffthelsignal devices of
employed Í‘within the -ofV the upper and lowjer casing sections I4v4 andi 6`
` „ ` y `Rei'erringto the drawing:
‘ Means are provided for supporting light sources
` thereof shown and described as variousfoth'er em-
bodiments thereof
The_lanipcasing, by the struc- ¿_
tureiustgdescri-bed; is securely attached to; the --
narrow‘sides 2,1 'and _,
ends 28 joining the.. sides' together. rEacnside 21
is provided withapair Qflipwdrdly directedsg 30»
‘ . 1 Figure 3 i is a r»verticiztl sectional _view ofthe
Shaped bends 2_9 and with halffround depressions;` ~ j
_ ._signaldevicef Theplaneoffsection‘is indicated e Il. Each 0i' the depressionsgpi‘ovidesacradle‘for
, by theline
l " ` _ _
a‘portion of a pair’of Cfshapedfelectric discharge
i `Figure-1 is s. perspectiveview ofone ofth‘eiamp
mounting clips.
» Y
tubes 32 which aref. ’asis „best shown in Ficumß,
disposedside by sideinthe lampcasing. yOneencl 36 f
i Figure 5 is awiring diagraxn‘showing the elee-v 10i feach tube is provided with?. metallic terminal `
«tricalcircuits for energizlng'the ’signal lamps. `:
`can ßfwhicli.'l lying in_onefof the `depressiims 3|' i
In detalLïa plurality ofthe signal» devices, gen- forms electrical»contacttherewith and the other ` ‘ _
ï‘ _ ‘erally' indicated in `Figure 1 by the -reference _ end of the tube is provided with a terminal» 34 to Í f
numeral 6, may beplaced on the automobile ‘l _in _which the current conductors 3B are secured. The 40
g‘ `
ï» v ` pairs at each side thereof so that‘atleast'two of SlßSS 0f the tube insu-lilies’` the latter terminal
` . ‘ ` the signals will be visible to an‘observer regard- _ from the metallic lamp support. ‘The ends 28 of
less orirom what angle ‘thevehicie is viewed.
signals may` be mounted on ‘anyfportion of
' ,
the vehicle, where they may be clearly seen, prei'- " 'metal 0f the SllPDOl’liSA S0 that the ends are urged 45 "
` erably on the fenders 8.
‘ ‘ ‘
Each of the fenders l, or other surface of the
‘ vehicle body upon which the signals are mounted,
the lamp supports are Seated in the «1a-singapor-A
'tures 26 and 4there is suilicient spring in the
» _
into contact with the strap`22 which encircles the
lamp Casing and the depressed portions 3| of the
support are urged outwardly so as to‘iirmly en
`isprovided with an aperture ’through which the
gage the periphßl’ies 0f the tubes 32-
The tubes .
50 `electric wiring may be paœed andoverlying .the 32, when energized, display differently 'colored 50
` i _ aperture, and secured't‘o the fender'b‘y means of j lights for instance, one of the tubes may be made
f f
screws> Il, is a base I2
any aperture I3., «of white glass and filled with neon gas so that it
thereinwhich registers with theli'ender aperture 9. fw‘ill semit a red _light and the other tube may
YDisposed `on the ’base I2 is'e‘streamlinedhollow,
A 155 signal lamp. casing comprising an upper section
be` made oi' yellow‘or amber glass and filled with ‘
mercury-vapor so thatyit will emit a green light. _55
»y _
' ‘
Due` to the provision oi' the S-shaped bends 29
in the lamp supports the lamps ,are free to move,
within limits, in any direction within the lamp
tures 26 formed in the lamp casing, and the use
of the lamp supports as a current carrying por
tion of the electric circuit thereby dispensing
casing. ‘I'his will be understood upon reference
with at least one conductor to convey the current
out of the casing through the lower aperture
to Figures 3 and 4 of the drawing wherein it will
be seen that movement of the lamps vertically or
transversely of the longitudinal axis of the casing
is permitted due to ñeidng of the bends 29; while
I claim:
1. A vehicle signal device comprising a casing,
movement of the lamps parallel to the axis of the
10 casing is permitted due to the ability of the por
having a pair of joined sections, each of said
tions of the supports between each of the lamp rsections having opposed vnotches therein regis 10
depressions `3| and the _fixed sides Z9 to trable ywhen said sections are joined to provide
a pair of opposed apertures, a light source in said
twist as the relative positions of the aforemen
and means engaging said light source and
tioned portions of the support are shifted. -This
15 universally resilient mounting of the lamps is par- y
ticularly useful in absorbing a great portion of thev
force of road shocks which would possibly injure
the lamps if the latter-were ‘solidly secured to
the vehicle.
The high tension current for exciting the tubes
in said apertures _for resiliently supporting said
light source for movement in any direction in 15
said casing. ' '
' 2. A'vehicle signal device comprising a casing,
having a pairof joined sections, each of said
sections having opposed notches therein regis
Vtubes and the primary windings 38 of the trans
trable when said sections are joined to provide
a pair of opposed apertures, a plurality of tubu
lar lamps in said casing and means for support
ing said lamps for movement in any direction in
said casing comprising a plurality of members
-from _the battery", when the switch 39 isvin
_either of its extreme positions, will excite the
low casing having a pair of sections provided with
may be obtained from the ignition circuit of the
motor of the vehicle or from> a separate source
as shown in Figure 5. In this instance a step
>up‘transiîormer 31 is provided for each 'set of
formers are connected through a single pole » each having depressions' therein in which said
mayseat and portions entering the aper
double-throw switch 39 with thebattery 4I and `lamps
a currentactuated interrupter 42. 'I‘he current tures of said casing.
interrupter 42 and cause a pulsating current to
flow in the transformer primary windingthere
by inducing inthe ‘secondary'winding a. potential
w sumciently great to cause a discharge within the
35 tube, the current after passing between the tube
electrodes then passing to ground through the
tube support and the strap 2_2 Íwhich is carried
by the groundedframe of the vehicle.
The signal devices may be so wired that when
40 it is desired to make a right hand turn, closing
ofthe correct pair of contacts of the switch 39
`will cause the red’lights to be displayed on the
right side of the car and the green -lights on the
left side of the car. Similarly when Vdesiring to
45 make a left hand turn the driver may display red
lights on the left sidepof >the car and greenlights
on the right side indicating tothe drivers of ap
proaching or following vehicles that it is safe
’ 3. A vehicle signal device comprising a hol
abutting rims, said sections each having notches
in opposed- portions of the rims thereof regis
trable, when the latter are inV abutting relation
ship, to provide in the casing' a pair of opposed
apertures, a lamp within said casing, and a
bracket for supporting said lamp for movement 35
in any direction‘within the casing having por
tions disposed in said casing apertures, a portion
engaging said lamp, and universally. resilient
portions joining said lamp engaging portion and
'the portions disposed in said apertures.
4. A vehicle signal device comprising a hollow
casing having a pair of sections provided with
abutting rims and a peripheral groove, said sec
tions each having notches in QPPOsed portions of
the rims thereofv y registrable, when the latter 45
are in abutting relationship,tov provide in the
casing a pair of opposedv apertures, a lamp with
to pass on that side of the car displaying the ’ in said casing, a bracket for supporting saidflamp l
- fory movement in any direction Within the cas
In the signalling device of my invention just
50 green light, "
ing having portions disposed in said casing. ap
ertures, a portion »engaging said lamp, and uni
light, which because kof their intensity andv versally resilient portions joining said- lamp en
55 ability to penetrate fog are capable of a greater gaging portion and the portions disposed in said
apertures, a base, and a strip of material dis 55
range of visibility than ordinary lamps, are the posed
in said peripheral groove of the casing',
resilient mounting of the tubes by the curved` secured to said base, and, contacting the portions
portions 29 of the lamp support,` thereby protect
described, the important features, other than the
use -of electric discharge tubes as the source of
ing the fragile’rtubes against shocks, the novel
manner of mounting theV supports in the aper
of said lamp’supporting bracket disposed in said
casing apertures.v
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