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Патент USA US2113930

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April 12,: 1938.
-K. BERNHARDT
2,113,930 ,
LIGHTER MECHANISM
Filed _Oct. 8, 1936
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Patented vApr. 12, I938
2,113,930
v
‘UNITED, STATES
2,113,930
LIGHTER MECHANISM
_
_
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Karl Bernhardt, Vienna, Austria, assignor ‘to
Louis Vincent Aronson, Newark, N.‘ J. ‘
‘Application October s, 1936, Serial No. 104,578
In Austria December 7, 1935’
‘
9 Claims. (01. 67-71)
with two‘ toothed extensions -3 andv 4 (Figs. 1,
This invention relates to lighters such as adapt
edfor lighting cigars and cigarettes. The inven ‘and 5) .' The toothed member 3 meshes with the
‘ tion is particularly adaptable to lighters of the friction wheel driver 5, which is toothed on a
type embodying pyrophoric sparking 'means in _part' of its peripheryjand in the known, manner
5
conjunction with a wick. "
_
According to this invention the lighter mecha
nism may be all contained within a compact cas
ing having smooth exterior surfaces and'oi a
" I size and shape for convenient carrying. Further
0 more, the casing is provided with a unique form
of closure means operatively associated with the
lighter mechanism, whereby upon operation of
the latter, a suitable snufier may be removed from
_, the wick and at the same time a pair of closure
0 members are opened in such manner as to leave
engages with the lateral teeth of the friction .5_
wheel ‘I having its bearing upon the axle '6 in
such manner that it is capable of beingturned.
The second toothed vmember i meshes with‘ the _
teeth of a disc ii capable of being turned upon
its bearing axle 6 and operating the snu?er' cap 10
l0 which covers the wick 9 when in closed posi
tion. The snuffer cap I0 is fastened to the free
end of a lever having onearm ll’ connected
rigidly with theldisc 8 and another arm Ii ‘.ar-’
'
ranged
upon the axle 6.
_ 15'
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The lid of the cigarette lighter is formed‘ by
two plain leaves l2 which are quite independent
of the snu?'er cap 10 and lying close toone ah
other within the \top of the casing' The two
leaves being each nearly half as large as the top 20
’ wick and for the‘ shower or’ sparks directed from ‘of the casing, serve to shut the cigarette lighter
quite fully when in the closed position‘ (Fig. v2).
.k the sparking means on to the wick. The closure
members when in normal closed position, further ‘The leaves It’ are provided with‘ lateral lugstlvl~ .
pivoted at II to the adjacent walls of the. casing
, serve to supplement the action of the wick snul:
er‘ in confining the ignitabie vapors, thereby oiathe cigarette lighter. The leaves are kept in 25
preventing excess evaporation of fuel from the the closed position by a spring l5 acting against
space for, the snu?er member to protrude and
exposing the wick for convenient access. Also
the closure members when opened upon opera
tion of the lighter, are so arranged as to tempo-'
,0 rarily provide wind guards for the ?ame at the
wick and insuring an ignitable' vapor mixture
the'lugs
l3.
'
I
-
I
When the pressure lever i is pressedinward,
the friction wheel ‘I is turned by the wheel driver
shower of sparks’from the sparking means.
'
5 which. is turned by the toothed member .3. 30
Various further objects, features and advan
tages of the invention will become apparent from r The second toothed member 4 turns the disc d,
and thereby the lever arms I I, l I’ together with
the followingdetailed description, taken in con
nection with the accompanying drawing which the snu?er cap Ill. The snuffer cap l0 and later
the‘ arms II, II’ of the snu?er cap supporting
discloses by way‘of example only, one embodi
in the vicinity of the wick when exposed to the
.
E, ment of the invention.
The invention consists
in such novel features, arrangements and come
binations of parts ‘as are described in the follow
ing speci?cation and shown in the accompanying
drawing,
w
'
In the drawing, Fig. 1 shows a longitudinal
sectional view and a partial elevation of the ciga
rette lighter in its closed condition;
Fig. 2 representsa sectional view on line 2-—2
of Fig. 1; '
L5 ‘ Fig. 3 shows the cigarette lighter in’ the same‘
sectional view as Fig. 2 but in its open condition;
Fig; 4 is a horizontal sectional view on the '
line Moi.’ Fig. 1;
,
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view on the line
i0 5—5 of Fig. 1, in enlarged scale; and
1
lever are pushed during the opening movement 35 -
against the leaves [2 and swing the same against
the action oi.’ the spring l5, like the leaves-oi a"
door, into open position in which the arms of the
snu?fer cap lever bear against the leaves 12 (Fig.
6) andkeep them thus in the opening position. 40
As may be perceived from Fig. 3, the leaves I!
are lying in their open position approximately
in the planes of the lateral walls of the ‘casing
of the cigarette lighter and are thus acting as
wind protection surfaces.
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'
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45/
When the pressure lever l is released, the
snu?er cap “I returns to closed position. The
leaves li'are released thereby and also swing
back automatically into closed position. by the
action of the spring Ill. The performance of the 50
two lid partsyas simple plain leaves enables an
Fig. 6 illustrates a side view of the" cigarette
' essential simpli?cationof the construction of the.
lighter in its open condition.
The pressure lever I or the like which actua'tes ' cigarette lighter. ,The, construction also has the
advantage that the entire inner arrangement 0!
the friction wheel and in the known manner op
i5- erates under the action of a spring 2, is provided the cigarette lighter may be substantially enclosed 55
I
I
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2,118,980
by the side walls of the casing even when in the
' open condition.
It will be apparent that the closure members
when in open position, provide a pair of elon
gated wind guard elements at either side of the
?ame at the wick,’ and also extending along the
path of the shower of sparks from the sparking
mechanism, thus insuring effective operation of
the device even in windy weather. The positions
10 of the wind guard closure elements as above de
scribed, appear to considerably improve thelight
ing properties of the flame as produced in the
device. It will be further‘ noted that when the
closure members are in closed position, the en
tire mechanism is housed in a compact casing
from which dirt is effectively excluded and at
the same time the casing serves to retain any’
particles of abraded sparking metal or‘ small
quantities of fuel against coming in contact with
20 the user’s hands or pocket. Also it will be noted
that the device when closed is wholly free from
any exposed irregular protuberances which might
catch or tear‘ the user’s pocket. The arrange
ment of the closure members is such that they
25 will open freely without any substantial friction
and without the application of any force to the
3. In a lighter construction, a casing, closure
means therefor comprising a pair of comple
mentary leaves normally positioned side-by-slde
to form a substantially continuous closure sur
face with a substantially centrally located line U!
of juncture, means for pivotally mounting said
leaves respectively along their edges opposite
said line, and lighter mechanism within said
casing including a snuffer cap operating arm
movable substantially along a plane including 10
said line of juncture upon operation of the lighter,
and into engagement with said leaves at said
line of - juncture whereby the edges of the leaves
at said ‘line are separated and opened outwardly.
4. In a lighter construction, a casing, closure
‘means therefor comprising a pair of comple
mentary leaves normally positioned side-by-side
to form asubstantially continuous closure sur
face with a substantially centrally‘located line
of juncture, means for pivotally mounting said
leaves respectively along their edges opposite said
line, spring means normally biasing said leaves
toward closed position, pyrophoric ‘spark produc
ing mechanism and a wick within the casing be
neath said closure, and means operatively asso
-ciating said mechanism and leaves 'for separat- I
?nger, piece appreciably greater than required
ing the adjacent edges of said leaves and opening
for the operation of a lighter not provided with the same outwardly upon operation of said mech
vthe closure means. In short, a normally wholly
anism, said last named means then also acting
30 enclosed lighter is provided in a simple, durable
to retain said leaves within spaced apart sub
and inexpensive form without handicapping the stantially parallel planes to form wind guards
operation of the lighter mechanism.
for said wick during use of the lighter.
5.‘ In a lighter construction, a casing, closure
While the invention has'been described in de
means therefor comprising a pair. of elongated
tall with respect to a particular preferred} ex
ample, it will be understood by those skilled complementary leaves normally positioned side
in the art after understanding ‘the invention, - by-side to form a substantially ‘continuous clo
that various changes and further modi?cations sure surface with a line of juncture extending
may be made without departing from the spirit lengthwise of the leaves, means for pivotally
and- scope of the invention, and it is intended mounting said leaves respectively along their
outer longer edges, a single spring member with
therefore in the appended claims to cover all
in said casing normally biasing both of said
such changes and modi?cations.
'
leaves toward closed position, and lighter mech
What is claimed as newand desired to be
anism within said casing, and means operatively
secured by_Letters Patent is:
1. A lighter comprising a casing, the‘ upper associating said mechanism and leaves for sep
portion of which is formedwith an elongated arating the adjacent edges ofusaid leaves andv
cross section. pyrophoric sparking means and opening the same outwardly upon operation of
wick means within said portion of the casing, said mechanism.
6. In a lighter construction,‘ a casing, closure
snu?er means for the wick- pivotally mounted
adjacent said sparking means and including a means therefor comprising a pair of elongated
snu?er cap supporting arm extending lengthwise complementary leaves normally positioned side
of said portion, top closure means comprising byeside to form a substantially continuous clo
a pair of elongated leaves extending longitudi
sure surface with a line of juncture extending
nally of said portion and each pivoted respec
lengthwise of the leaves, means for pivotally
tively, on axes extending along the two longer mounting said leaves respectively along their out55 top edges of said casing portion, said two leaves
er longer edges, lighter mechanism and a wick at
when in closed position acting jointly to close spaced points within said casing ‘beneath the
the top of the casing, the path of movement of closure, a snuffer cap operating arm pivoted in
said arm being substantially along a plane in
the casing adjacent said mechanism and normal
cluding the line of juncture of said leaves when ly extending toward said wick along said line
60 closed, whereby raising of said arm separates
of juncture, said arm adjacent its pivoted end
adjacent edges of said leaves and turns the same being of a width substantially as great as the
upwardly and outwardly to open position.
' spacing of the pivoted axes of said‘leaves, where;
2. In a lighter construction, a casing, closure‘ by when the arm is raised in operation said leaves
are engaged thereby and separated and thus
means therefor comprising a pair of comple
mentary leaves normally positioned side-by-side opened outwardly and retained during use of the
' to form a substantially continuous closure sur
face with a substantially centrally located line
of juncture, means for pivotally mounting said
leaves respectively along their edges opposite said
70 line, and lighter mechanism within said casing
including an element movable upon" operation
of the lighter, and into engagement with said
leaves at said line of juncture whereby the edges
of the leaves at said line are separated and
75
opened outwardly. '
'
30
,Li
50
,
60
lighter with substantially their maximum pos
sible spacing permitted by the pivotal mountings‘
7. A lighter comprising a casing, the upper
portion of which is formed with an elongated
cross section, pyrophoric sparking means and 70
wick means within said portion of the casing,
snuifer means for the wick pivotally mounted
adjacent said sparking means and including a
snu?er cap supporting arm extending length
wise of said portion and mounted at one end for
2,118,980
pivotal movement for carrying a snui’i'er cap up
wardly at its other end, top closure means com
prising a pair of elongated leaves extending lon
gitudinally of said portion and each pivoted re
spectively on axes extending along the two long
~er top edges of said casing portion, said two leaves
when in closed position acting jointly to close
the'top oi.’ the casing and adapted for movement
to openposition by separation of the adjacent
‘
g
.
r3
.
the lighter is operated said 'snu?'er member is
raised between said ,separated' edges of the clo
sure members.
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9. In a lighter construction, a casing, a clo
sure means therefor comprising a pair 01' ?ap
like members, a pair of spaced apart pivotal
means for supporting said members respectively
whereby when the members are in closed posi»
tion, the edges thereof opposite from said sup
porting means come together along‘ a line of 10
10 wardly, permittingv said arm to be raised there
juncture, and whereby said edges when the 010- I
sure -is opened, are separated and swing out
between.
8. In a lighter construction‘, a casing, closure ' wardly, spring means for urging said members
elongated edges of the leaves outwardly and up
15
means thereior'comprising a pair of ?ap-like
toward, closed position, pyrophoric spark pro-n _ ,
members, a pair of spaced apart pivotal means
ducing lighter mechanism and a wick within said
casing beneath said closure means, said mech
anism including‘ an element movable upon op
eration 'of the lighter and operatively associat
ed with said members for opening the same, and
spring means for returning said element to nor
.for supporting said members respectively where
by when the members are in closed position the
edges thereof opposite from said supporting
means come together along a line of juncture,
and whereby said edges, when the closure is
opened, are separated and swing outwardly, py
rophoric spark producing mechanism and a wick
w
mal position within the casing after operation of
the lighter, permitting said closure members to _
within said casing beneath said closure means, ’ assume their closed positions.
a snu?er member in said casing and operatively
25 associated with said mechanism, whereby when
KARL BERNI-IARD'I‘. .25
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