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Патент USA US2114004

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April 12, 1938.
Filed NOV. 50, 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
April 12, 1938.
Filed NOV. 30, 1956
2,1 14,004
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Apr. 12, 1938
: 2,114,004
Z; '
Arthur J. Reinthal, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, as- '
signor to The Bamberger-Reinthal Company,
Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application November 30, 1936, Serial‘ No. 113,369
g _2 Claims.
(on. ass-195i
lar reference to a fabric having an elastic zone
position upon the knitting machine. The differ
ence in tension applied to the elastic yarns is
preferably appliedin the process of transferring
suitable for waistbands, cuffs and the like.
the yarns from the cones to the reel.‘
This invention relates to a‘ knitted fabric and
method for producing the same, and has particu
This may
An object of ‘the invention, broadly stated is 1' be done by a snubbing action, as will be brought 5
out hereinafter.
The elastic yarns may con
to provide a fabric comprised of unit groups of
yarns that interloop to form the fabric and with
sist of ?laments of rubber spirally wound with
one or more yarns of each group being, in one
one or more yarns which are not elastic per se
zone of said fabric inelastic, and, in another zone,
whereby the stretch of the composite elastic yarn
is limited. By the term “yarn” as used in the 10
claims is meant either a single thread or a plu
elastic, and such fabric being of essentially'uni
form thread pattern in both zones, whereby to be
produced by the same machine setting as if the
entire fabric were of either elastic or inelastic
construction. — By the use of the'expression “es
' sentially uniform thread pattern” I do not intend
rality thereof running together.
Other and more limited objects will be in part
apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter in
connection with the accompanying drawings 15
throughout but only to one in which no non
wherein Fig. 1 is ‘a front view of a sweater or
like garment having elastic zones at the waist
band and cuffs; Fig. 2 is a'fragment of a fabric
uniformity of thread pattern is introduced for
' showing the elastic zone stretched to the same -
20 the purpose of producing the elastic zone. In
other words, my invention contemplates a fabric
in which the thread pattern may vary in different
shape as the inelastic zone,v and with both zones ea
under tension, as for example, in the portion of
_fabric being wound on a receiving roll as it comes
to limit myself to the production of a fabric in
, which the thread pattern is actually uniform
from the knitting machine; Fig. 3 is a similar
fragment with the tension relieved; Fig. 4 is a
schematic diagram showing one thread pattern 25
25 stitution of elastic yarn for inelastic yarn with
out change in the thread pattern for the purpose which may be employed in realizing the inven
tion; Fig. 5 is a fragment showing the same
of ‘securing elasticity.
A further object is to produce such fabric by “thread pattern in a less schematic manner, al
beaming the warp in unit groups of yarnsvwith though expanded to a degree of openness and
corresponding yarns of each unit being in geometric form not present in the fabric itself; 30
and Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram illustrating
one group of units elastic and in another group
inelastic, the elastic yarns being ‘placedunder a the difference in tensioning which is made use of
higher tension in the beaming operation than in the reeling part of the beaming operation. .
the inelastic yarns, whereby no change need be Figs. 4 and 5 show, the wales running horizon
parts for the production of pleasing effects but
in which the elastic zone is produced by the sub
made in subsequent operations by reason of the
presence of theelastic yarns under high tension‘;
thatis, the elastic yarns are fed from the beam
at the same rate as the other yarns and the set-up
of the knitting machine need be no different in
Referring now to the drawings, the numeral _lll
indicates a knitted garment made up of a fabric
produced in accordance with the invention and
‘indicating the shape resulting from the incor
40 those cases where a fabric is made with an elastic
poration of the invention. vThe garment has
zone from those where the entire fabric. is in
elastic. While the feature of placing the elastic
_yarns under higher tension than the inelastic
011% is'an important feature of the invention, it
45 is nevertheless within the contemplation of the
ment may be made from a fabric which comes
elastic zones at the waistband as indicated at H
and at the cuffs, as indicated at l2.
This gar
from the knitting machine in a strip of the shape’
indicated in Fig. 2 by reason of being under ten
sion and comprising an inelastic zone we and
- invention to employ yarns of such elastic nature
that they may be subjected to the same tension an elastic zone II3 at the edge. When the ten
. in the beaming operation as the inelastic yarns. ‘sion is removed, the elastic zone contracts in
and fed from the beam to the knitting machine _ length, as indicated in connection with-the left
hand end of the same shown in Fig. 3, wherein 50
50 at the same rate.
By the expression "beaming" as herein used, the same numerals indicate corresponding por
' it is intended to include the operations of wind;
tions of the fabric shown in Fig. 2.
In the circular type ofknitting machine, where
ing yarnslfrom the cones under suitable tension
upon a reel and then again winding the yarns‘ the knitting progresses by the intertwining of a
from the reel upon a beam which isthen placed in yarn with a preceding run in a ‘direction tiyisa
2,1 14,004
versely of the direction of progress of the fabric
omitted for cleamess and, in some cases, it may
be omitted in the fabric itself, it being used pri- .
introduce an elastic yarn or a group of yarns 'marily to limit stretching in a direction trans
having one elastic yarn therein by merely pick
versely of the progress of the work through the
through the machine, it is comparatively easy to
ing up a different yarn carrier at the point where
knitting machine.
the elastic is to be inserted.
to Fig. 5 that two types of interlooping are em
The tension here
It will be seen by reference
may be individually regulated for the yarn‘ fed ployed. These form ribs of different types which
from each yarn carrier so that the substitution
of an elastic yarn under any desired tension for
an inelastic yarn is a comparatively simple mat
However, where the yarn is supplied from
a beam and runs longitudinally of the direction
of the progress of the work through a machine,
the machine set-ups are comparatively complex
and it is highly desirable that the setting of the
machine be unaltered for long periods of opera
tion. Heretofore, in knitting fabrics having
elastic zones on what may be termed the beam
alternate and which are indicated by the refer
ence characters A and B. Intertwined with the
loops of the A type ribs are yarns b which are 10
confined to such ribs. These are elastic in the
elastic zone or zones and are inelastic in the in
elastic zone. In other words, it is the yams b
which may be made either elastic or inelastic
whereby to produce a fabric having zones of dif
ferent elasticity while maintaining a uniform
thread pattern and necessitating no change in
the knitting machine. The yarn a may run di
type of machine,'an additional thread has been
introducedor superadded to the regular thread
pattern in the elastic zone. While, this partially
solves the problem, it does not do so completely.
Also, it involves the use of the regular yarn in
addition to the elastic strands, which introduces
an item of expense beyond that prevailing where
a substitution is made. Indeed, the prevailing
agonally back and forth betwcan the A-type ribs,
passing over the B-type ribs which tend to great 20
er stretching. This is clearly shown in the dia
practice has been to knit the elastic zones sep
arately and attach them after.-- the knitting has
have been indicated by heavy lines while those in
the inelastic zone have been indicated by rela
been completed.
tively light lines.
grammatic view in Fig. 4.
In Fig. 5, which shows a very small fragment
of the fabric, no attempt has been made to dif
ferentiate the elastic from the inelastic yarn.
However, in Fig’. 4 the yarns b in the elastic zone
From the foregoing description and the accom
I have found in practice that by introducing a
predetermined proper tension during the beam ' panying drawings, it will be clear that I have pro
ing operation, I am able to produce a satisfactory vided a knitted fabric ofpsatisfactory and high
Product in a cheaper and more desirable manner
and to effect a simple substitution of an elastic
for an inelastic thread in the same thread pat
tern and to knit the fabric with an elastic zone
without any change whatsoever in the knitting
In Fig. 6, I have shown one unit group of yarns
40 proceeding from the cones (not shown) to snub
bing rods ii, the yarn b, an elastic yarn in the
elastic zone of the fabric, passing ?rst around
an additional snubbing rod ll, while the yarns
a, c'and it pass around only snubbing rod 13.
, From the snubbing rods l3, the yarns pass to a
yarn guide l5 where they are positioned in suit
able relation to each other and from which they
pass to a reel l6 upon which. they are wound. ' It
is to be understood that the unit group of yarns
50 shown in Fig. 6 is repeated a plurality of times
in ?lling a single beam for actual use. It is not
necessary to use the snubbing rod ll in the in
elastic zone since in that zone the elastic yarn
is not used for the yarn b and the extra snubbing
55 would be without utility and in the case of some
yarns even undesirable. From the reel l6 the
yarns are unwound upon a suitable beam, all
yarns being fed at the same rate from the reel
IE to the beam. The beam is then placed on
the knitting machine and the yarns knitted into
In Figs. 4 and 5, I have shown a thread pat
tern which is an example of the type in which
my invention may be realized and wherein, as.
y will be clear from the drawings, a unit group of
four yarns is employed.
‘ly economical construction and a satisfactory ‘
met'hod of producing the same, and while I have
shown and described the illustrative embodiments 85
of the various features, I do not wish to be limit;
ed to the details of the disclosure, but only in ac
Y cordance with the *appended claims.
the complete fabric.
In Fig. 5, yarn a is
Having thus .described my invention, what I
claim is:
1. Process of making a knitted fabric com
prising beaming a warp composed of unit groups
of yarns, corresponding yarns of each unit being
in one group of units elastic and in another
group inelastic, said elastic yarns being under
higher linear strain than the others on the beam,
fabricating the‘yams making up both said groups
of units in a uniform thread pattern, the corre
sponding yarns of each unit being fed from ‘the
beam at the same rate- whereby a fabric is pro 50
duced having a compact highly elastic zone and
'a less compact inelastic zone.
2. Process of making a knitted fabric compris
ing beaming a warp composed of groups of yarns,
one or more yarns of each group being, in one 55
zone of the warp -elastic and in another~ zone '
thereof inelastic, said elastic yarns being Put
under higher linear strain than the others 'on the
beam, knitting'the yarns of bothezones into an
essentially uniform thread pattern, the corre 60
sponding yarns of each unit being fed from the
beam at the same rate whereby a fabric is pro
duced having a compact, higl1__ly_elastic zone and
a less compact and relatively inelastic zone.
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