Патент USA US2114009код для вставки
2,114,009 _c Patented apela, 193s UNITE-.D STATES' PATENT _oFFlcEr __ i 2,114,009 manon AGINGMEANS ' ¿_y, Santa Crus, ~sammeln. Application .ministryy ses,l _1935. serial No. 3,431 ,_ Renewed Maxell 14, 193s Figure `1 shows a vertical central section through a glass bottle-having my aging means The present invention .relates to' improv ents in agingmeans for liquor and similar beverages, `which after vmanufacture have to go through an extended ïperiod of ' ripening or aging for the re mnval of harmfull component parts -of' the orig inal product of manufacture. This aging proc-> combined therewith, ‘ " ‘ ' Figure 2 a vertical central ‘section through a _ glass bottle-having a' modiiied aging stick and ess is carried on, at the present time, inwooden> barrels;l there being a'certain'--interaction be a modified attaching means for the same _ Figure 3 a sideelevation of an aging stick de tached from the bottle, -the aging stick-being slightly modified; tween the wood and the liquor 'which tends to lFigure 4_ a side elevation of a still further modi;ì ‘.0 eliminate _the harmful, gase's. But, as 'conducted _at the present time. the > chemical process of __ _ fled form of aging stick. and _ __ . . '_ _i Figure 5 a horizontal section through the aging aging is' 'very slow 'and .usually extends over a. _ stick of Figure 4 as seen from line 5_5. periodofyears. " - It is also well known that when the'liquor is -placed in 'a container of different material, such ' While I have s_hown only'the preferred forms of my invention-I wish to 'have it understood if' -that various changes or modifications may be as a .glass bottle or .tin can, the agingv process is `made within the scopeof the claims hereto atl1 arrested, the presence ofthe right kind Vof wood. tached'wlthout departing-from the spirit of the and 'thc aeration offered b_y a wooden barrel.' ‘ .` however slight, Abeing necessary requisites for '_ _ invention. ‘Referring to the drawing 1n detamtile bottle l 20 shown in Figure 1 -may 'be ofî-v any suitable form. It is shown in the vdrawing asls'qua're. in cross-f- _ ' vention'toprovide an aging' means for liquor ' section but any other suitable forlnmight be - Proper 38h18- ' . il; is theprlnelpal object or _tnegpresent _la-'Í that :may vbe in connection with a glass bottle, tin can _or any other kindof'container made' of impervious'matcrial and that will tend substituted, ‘a flat'form being less desirable than a square or roundform. It-is shown as made o_f g5 'glass but a metal -container may be' substituted l to speedup the aging process vin view of the _ without 'interfering-with the idea -of the inven- ` fact that thev aging means isA in more» intimate contact with'the body of the liquor and is con non.. _ ' ' M » . . _ . ' The aging means comprises an aging stick ~2, "structed in‘such a manner that much more sur- - ‘.- made of Whiteoak and charred, which extends 30 ¿face is available for a certainquantity'ofliquor. centrallyinto the bottle from the neck I thereof. It is further’proposed in this invention to pro ' The stick is preferably vgrooved' or perforated to .fvide the aging means. in such v'a manner that a. _ increase the surface thereof and this may be ao certain amount of circulation sets in immediate complishedin many different ways without- de ' ly,` whereby the liquor is made to pass the-aging _ parting from the spirit of the invention. In the 35 Us. means continually -and whereby new amounts of form shown in Figure l a' central bore 'l .extends 'liquor'are brought into contact with theag'il'lg4 _ means in a'continuous process. '_ .aft-_ is further proposed to _provide top ofthe bottle. A series of transverse a' `cartilla. ` theports i extend through the stick', the ports pref of _ aeration for the otherwise .impervious Pfoontainer _whereby harmful gases liberated as. a of 4the aging process'may be discharged the containenwithoutallowing. any of 'the " itselftoescape. . - I ' "It _is further Proposed to 'provide .the aging Í'fineans as-a-part-of-the closure for’the container ' -whercby manipulation of the aging means f. [ifo milch facilitated. . ' 'ï'r’frtfls' _rurther' proposed »t0 »müde ß.“ ’lungi _0’ erably ' ternating so thatr each is disposed »at 40 right-an les to its neighboring ports. . > ‘ In tlieAform shown in Figure 3 a_ spiral _groove I is cut into the outside of the stick while the- -central bore may connect with .the outside through one or` more ports ‘l near the upper end _45 of the stick. '111e stick, shown in .Figure ' 3 is similarly constructed except that annular paroi_ lel grooves. I areprovided instead of thespiral groove l. " And finally in the form shown in Fig- _ that while it speeds uvthe $81118, Stm 'ures 4 and-5, longitudinal 'grooves s' areprovlded 5° menatunl process which seem to be the to increase .the surface area. _ . one in which -liquor ases> proverb; ' . >`'lllnctlicrand other objects ofthe invention will l. r `from the bottom to withinclose proximity of ' ` in ¿ 'accomp‘anyingl inl which - The sticks are secured in the bottles in such a manner that while making a liquid tightcon taine‘r provision -is __defor a :slight _amount of aeration allowing gasesliberatedby the aging 55 2 2,114,009 process to escape. In the form shown in Figure for coaction with the ñrst shoulder in'closing the 1 the neck 3 of the bottle is provided with an ` container and meansbearing on top of the stick internabshoulder I0 and the aging stick is pro-vided >with an enlarged head Il forming a shoul--, der I2 made lforcoaction with the shoulder I0 in‘ the like having a neck and a shoulder in theneck, compressing a sealing medium such as the cor a stick of aging wood projecting into the con for urgingthe shoulders-together. _. ‘ 2. In combination, a container for liquor and- ring I3 therebetween. This cork ring may als '\j tainer and having _a head with a shoulder adapted for coaction with the ñrst -shoulder' in closing the stick due to absorption of moisture. The top of A`eontainer and means bearing on the top of the 10 4the head of the‘aging stick is covered ‘by the stick for urging the shoulders together, the latter _ allow of slight expansion of the head of the. aging threaded cap I 4, a washer I5 of slightly lporous means including a cap forming a second closure It will _ for the. container and arranged to allow of leak material, such as über, being interposed. then be seen that the washer I0 coacts with the . aging stick in forming a liquid- tight seal for 15 the bottle,__while at the same time gases liberated by the aging process may rise' through the porous aging stick to the cap .and may escape through the porous washer I5 and between the, threads‘> of the cap and the bottle.A 20 j « . Int'he form shown in Figure 2 a slightly modi- _ fied form is used, serving'the same purpose. In . this form the shoulders I0 and I2 are provided in the same manner and bear on the sealing ring age of gases passing through the-stick. 3. An aging member for liquor or the like com`-~ prising an elongated stick entirely of aging wood having a longitudinal bore extending from one end thereof to a point spacedfrom- the other enc and having transverse portsl leading from vthe bore to the outside. of the stick. _ 4. An aging member for liquor or the like com prisingl an elongated stick entirely of aging wood having a longitudinal bore extending from one I 3, while the top of the aging stick is rounded, end thereoi to a point'spaced from -the other enr.` and having'transverse ports leading from the bore as shown at I6 and thus spaces the cap I4 Vfrom to the outside of the stick, and having' grooves cut the top edge of the bottle sumciently to allow into the outer surface thereof. ‘ . ' will be readily understood from the foregoing de scription. -The aging stick itself with its Shaped 5-. In combination. a container for liquor or the like having a closure and a shoulder below the closure, an aging stick- projecting into the con tainer and having a shoulder- 4for coaction with - surface oiîers a large area for reaction with the the vcontainer-.shoulder and a washer interposed 4liquor in aging the latter. certain amount of circulation is set up, the liquor rising through capillary attraction in the, central between the two shoulders forv preventing the es cape of the liquor, the closure being madeto bear on- the stick for urging its shoulder 'upon _the bore and discharging through the lateral ports' washer. gases to escape. _ ' The manner in which my invention operates At the same time ’a ' ' . in a continuousjslow process whereby new liquor . 6. In combination, a container for liquor or the comes in contact with the aging stick continually . like havingv a closure and a shoulder below the and whereby the aging process is speeded up. , closure', an aging stick projecting into Athe con» While the seal at the shoulders prevents any tainer-and having «a shoulder for coaction with splashing out of the liquid, the aging stick itself, the container shoulder, anda washer interposed . ' which is porous allows gasesto escape through the top and the cap,does not hermetically seal the bottle. `- '_ ' ' / _ between the two shoulders for preventing' the escape of the liquor, the closure being made t9 lbear on the stick for urging- its shoulder upon the washer, there being suiilcient clearance between The saving that may be effectedv by’the use of my aging means is apparent, The handling , the container and the closure to allow gases ris of liquor in barrels is expensive and takes up ing through the stick to escape. much space at the place of manufacture..v Where '7. In combination, a container for liquor and my aging means is„used the liquor may be filled the like having a neck and a; shoulder in the neck, into the bottle or can immediately, the bottles _ a s_tick' of aging wood having a. head _ñtting in may be dated and packed in cases and distributed _the neck with a shoulder adapted torest on the , throughout- the country to be stored in ware houses. The dating of the bottles givesv the ad vantage of advising the consumer yhow long'the former shoulder, a washer interposed between the shoulders, a cap for the container arranged to bear on the head of the aging _stick for urging liquor has been aged and once theA proper aging the' head upon the shoulder in the neck, the period has been established the user can' be sure " stick projecting into the liquor and having a lon- .r -that the liquor' is properly aged. ' 'gitudinal bore extending from its free end to a My aging means may be use‘d for any kind of - point spaced from the head and having transverse liquor, whiskey, brandy,.fortifled wines, gin, etc. _For gin the wood shouldbe charred all- the way passages extending from the bore to the outside of the stick whereby the liquor is made to circu-~ through so that the white vcolor of the gin may late through the stick and Ygases are allowedV to not be changed. . escape through the head of the stick, the cap ‘ `being secured to the container neck with suilicient - l1. In combination, a container for liquor and clearance to allow the gases to escape therebe--` I claim: , ' the like having a neckand a shoulder. in the neck, 65 a stick of aging wood projecting into the con tainer andihaving a head _with a shoulder adapted tween. ' l ` SAMUEL R. RAMsAY.