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April 12, 1938.’ 2,114,158 A. E. VASBINDER PROTECTIVE DEVICE Filed Oct. 24, 1936 , / ALBERT E. VAJ'BINDER IN VEN TOR. BY A TTORNEY Patented Apr. 12, 1938 2,114,158 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,114,158 PROTECTIVE DEVICE Albert E. Vasbinder, Warren, Ohio Application October 24, 1936, Serial N0. 107,401 6 Claims. (CI. 20—11) This invention relates to a protective device and more particularly to a means for protecting the frames of basement windows or other open ings and contiguous frangible members of dwell »; ings or other buildings. Primarily the object of the invention is to provide an inexpensive and easily installed metallic sheathing for the wooden members of the frame and adjacent wooden ele ments of the building structure whereby they it are protected from injury when the window or opening is utilized as a passage in the movement ‘of commodities, such as coal, into the basement or building. Heretofore various means have been employed '‘ to provide a closable opening into the basements of dwelling or the like to accommodate the passage of solid fuel. Steel coal doors have been proposed but these are objectionable in some in stances as they allow no light to enter the base ment when they are closed and by interrupting the architectural continuity of the window scheme detract from the appearance of the build— ing. Windows utilizing steel sash and steel frames have been used but these are also architecturally unsuited for use in many installations. From the standpoint of both appearance and economy the window having a hingedly mounted wooden sash and a wooden frame has been found to be very satisfactory for the purpose and particu CiJ larly is this true where frame construction utiliz ing siding elements of Wood is involved. However, the window frame and adjacent building elements being of wood are subject to much damage when violently struck by moving particles of solid fuel to ul when the bins within the building are being ?lled. I provide effective and economical means to obvi ate this disadvantage. Accordingly an object of my invention is to provide a unitary . device of sheet steel which =10 when applied to the window will prevent damage to a portion of its frame and contiguous wooden elements of the dwelling. Another object of my invention is to provide a protective device for use with a window which also serves as a coal door which is operative to aid in the passage of the solid fuel into the dwelling. ation of the drawing and the following detailed description. In the drawing: Figure I is a perspective view of a wood base ment window to which a preferred embodiment 5 of my invention has been applied. Figure II is a cross-sectional view of the win dow and protectors of Figure I. Figure III illustrates my invention as applied to a modi?ed form of building construction. Figure IV illustrates the developed sheet of steel from which the upper protector is made, the dot ted lines indicating the location of the bends; and Figure V illustrates the developed sheet of steel from which the side protectors are made, the dotted lines indicating the location of the bends. As shown in Figures I and II, the building is provided with a Wall I0 having an opening there in for the accommodation of the window frame II. Extending longitudinally along the top of the Wall [0 and frame II are the plate members l2 on which are supported the vertically extending studs l3 carrying the Wood sheathing M. The lap siding l5 of wood is secured to- sheathing l4 and in the type of construction illustrated in Figures I and II is brought down to meet the upper rail of the frame II. The protector l6 comprising a sheet of steel of approximately 18 gauge, U. S. Standard, of a width equal to the in ner width of the frame H is bent to conform to the contour of the lower siding member, the upper rail of the frame II, the sash stop l8 and terminates at the vertical plane of the outer surface of the sash l9. A sheet ll of similar ma terial is draped around the face and inner sur face of the side rails of the frame I I and likewise terminates at the outer surface of the sash I 9. Any suitable means may be employed to securely and permanently secure the sheet metal protec tors to the window frame and siding. It is thus made apparent that I have provided an eifective and economical means for protecting the frame of a window or other opening and adjacent siding from harm when the window or opening is used as a passage for articles or solid 59 are operative to protect the side sections of a fuel being delivered into the building. No pro tecting means is considered necessary for the sill of the window as invariably a chute is placed thereon when the delivery is being made. Any wooden window frame against damage by the violent impact of particles of solid fuel or other ?ying particles impinging against the metal sheets will, because of the shape and resiliency elements thereagainst. These and other objects and advantages of the of the metal sheets, be de?ected inwardly and thus the protectors perform the function of aid invention Will become apparent from a consider ing the passage of the fuel or other material in A further object of my invention is to provide inexpensive and easily applied elements which 35 2 2,114,158 addition to protecting the elements of the win dow and building from harm. While I have shown the plate l6 as encompassing but one sid ing board it is obvious that two or more may be siding elements extending thereabove, of protec tive means therefor comprising a sheet of steel bent .to conform to the outer surface of the upper rail of said frame and adjacent siding elements so covered if desired. Figure III shows the invention applied to a and lying in intimate contact therewith, a sheet modi?ed form of building construction wherein a facer board 2| topped by a water table 22 is and covering the outer edges and the opposed sides of the side rails. 4. A building construction comprising a Wall, an opening therein, a frame within said opening, 10 a stud wall extending above said ?rst mentioned provided immediately above the wall If) and be In this installation the upper 10 low the siding l5. end of the sheet I6 is run in intimate contact with the board 2! and terminates beneath the water table 22. A singular advantage of this construction is that the upper edge of the sheet I6 is effectively sealed against the entrance of water between the wood elements of the building and the inner surface of the sheet. While I am familiar with various developments of metal or metal-clad siding elements for build ings I have found that they are unsuited for the purpose of this invention which contemplates, primarily, the provision of a simple and eco nomical protective means for application to ex isting structures. Changes in the speci?c form of my invention, as disclosed herein, may be made without de parting from my invention as set forth in the spirit and scope of the appended claims. I claim: - 1. A protective device for use with a window frame having a sash therein and adjacent siding elements of a building comprising a metallic plate of a width equal to the width of the open ing in the frame, said plate being bent to con form to the contour of the upper rail of the frame and the adjacent siding elements of the building, said plate lying in intimate contact with the outer surfaces of the rail and siding elements and terminating at the outer surface of the sash. 2. A protective device for use with a window Lil) or other opening having wooden siding elements extending thereabove comprising a sheet of steel bent to conform to the outer surface of the sid~ ing elements and in intimate contact therewith, said sheet being positioned adjacent said win dowand extending thereabove and being of a width approximately equal to the width of the window or opening. 3. The combination with a window frame and of steel ‘draped about each side rail of the frame wall, overlapped siding elements secured to said stud wall and extending above said frame, the lowermost of said elements having its lower end adjacent the upper rail of said frame, a metallic 15 protective sheathing bent .to conform to the outer surface of the upper rail and adjacent siding elements lying in intimate contact with said rail and elements. 5. A building construction comprising a wall, 20 an opening therein, a frame within said opening, a stud wall extending above said ?rst mentioned wall, a base for said stud wall supported by said ‘?rst mentioned wall, a facer board secured to the outer surface of said base and having its 25 lower edge adjacent the upper rail of the frame, a water table positioned above said facer board and having its outer edge overlying the outer surface of the facer board, a protective device for said facer board and upper rail comprising 30 an L-shaped sheet of metal having its upper edge positioned beneath the overlying edge of the water table and its horizontal portion in inti mate contact with the lower surface of the upper 35 rail. 6. A building construction comprising a wall, an opening therein, a Window frame within said opening, a window sash hingedly mounted on said frame and adapted to swing inwardly, a rib surrounding the inner surface of said frame con 40 stituting a stop to limit the outward movement of said sash, wooden siding elements secured to said wall above said opening, and a metallic pro tective sheathing bent to conform to the outer surfaces of said rib, frame and the adjacent sid ing element, said sheathing lying in intimate contact with said rib, frame, and siding element and being permanently secured thereto. ALBERT E. VASBINDER.