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Патент USA US2114158

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April 12, 1938.’
2,114,158
A. E. VASBINDER
PROTECTIVE DEVICE
Filed Oct. 24, 1936 ,
/
ALBERT E.
VAJ'BINDER
IN VEN TOR.
BY
A TTORNEY
Patented Apr. 12, 1938
2,114,158
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,114,158
PROTECTIVE DEVICE
Albert E. Vasbinder, Warren, Ohio
Application October 24, 1936, Serial N0. 107,401
6 Claims. (CI. 20—11)
This invention relates to a protective device
and more particularly to a means for protecting
the frames of basement windows or other open
ings and contiguous frangible members of dwell
»; ings or other buildings. Primarily the object of
the invention is to provide an inexpensive and
easily installed metallic sheathing for the wooden
members of the frame and adjacent wooden ele
ments of the building structure whereby they
it
are protected from injury when the window or
opening is utilized as a passage in the movement
‘of commodities, such as coal, into the basement
or building.
Heretofore various means have been employed
'‘ to provide a closable opening into the basements
of dwelling or the like to accommodate the
passage of solid fuel. Steel coal doors have been
proposed but these are objectionable in some in
stances as they allow no light to enter the base
ment when they are closed and by interrupting
the architectural continuity of the window
scheme detract from the appearance of the build—
ing. Windows utilizing steel sash and steel frames
have been used but these are also architecturally
unsuited for use in many installations. From
the standpoint of both appearance and economy
the window having a hingedly mounted wooden
sash and a wooden frame has been found to be
very satisfactory for the purpose and particu
CiJ larly is this true where frame construction utiliz
ing siding elements of Wood is involved. However,
the window frame and adjacent building elements
being of wood are subject to much damage when
violently struck by moving particles of solid fuel
to ul when the bins within the building are being ?lled.
I provide effective and economical means to obvi
ate this disadvantage.
Accordingly an object of my invention is to
provide a unitary . device of sheet steel which
=10 when applied to the window will prevent damage
to a portion of its frame and contiguous wooden
elements of the dwelling.
Another object of my invention is to provide
a protective device for use with a window which
also serves as a coal door which is operative to
aid in the passage of the solid fuel into the
dwelling.
ation of the drawing and the following detailed
description.
In the drawing:
Figure I is a perspective view of a wood base
ment window to which a preferred embodiment 5
of my invention has been applied.
Figure II is a cross-sectional view of the win
dow and protectors of Figure I.
Figure III illustrates my invention as applied to
a modi?ed form of building construction.
Figure IV illustrates the developed sheet of steel
from which the upper protector is made, the dot
ted lines indicating the location of the bends; and
Figure V illustrates the developed sheet of
steel from which the side protectors are made,
the dotted lines indicating the location of the
bends.
As shown in Figures I and II, the building is
provided with a Wall I0 having an opening there
in for the accommodation of the window frame
II. Extending longitudinally along the top of the
Wall [0 and frame II are the plate members l2
on which are supported the vertically extending
studs l3 carrying the Wood sheathing M. The
lap siding l5 of wood is secured to- sheathing l4
and in the type of construction illustrated in
Figures I and II is brought down to meet the
upper rail of the frame II. The protector l6
comprising a sheet of steel of approximately 18
gauge, U. S. Standard, of a width equal to the in
ner width of the frame H is bent to conform to
the contour of the lower siding member, the
upper rail of the frame II, the sash stop l8
and terminates at the vertical plane of the outer
surface of the sash l9. A sheet ll of similar ma
terial is draped around the face and inner sur
face of the side rails of the frame I I and likewise
terminates at the outer surface of the sash I 9.
Any suitable means may be employed to securely
and permanently secure the sheet metal protec
tors to the window frame and siding.
It is thus made apparent that I have provided
an eifective and economical means for protecting
the frame of a window or other opening and
adjacent siding from harm when the window or
opening is used as a passage for articles or solid
59 are operative to protect the side sections of a
fuel being delivered into the building. No pro
tecting means is considered necessary for the sill
of the window as invariably a chute is placed
thereon when the delivery is being made. Any
wooden window frame against damage by the
violent impact of particles of solid fuel or other
?ying particles impinging against the metal
sheets will, because of the shape and resiliency
elements thereagainst.
These and other objects and advantages of the
of the metal sheets, be de?ected inwardly and
thus the protectors perform the function of aid
invention Will become apparent from a consider
ing the passage of the fuel or other material in
A further object of my invention is to provide
inexpensive and easily applied elements which
35
2
2,114,158
addition to protecting the elements of the win
dow and building from harm. While I have
shown the plate l6 as encompassing but one sid
ing board it is obvious that two or more may be
siding elements extending thereabove, of protec
tive means therefor comprising a sheet of steel
bent .to conform to the outer surface of the upper
rail of said frame and adjacent siding elements
so covered if desired.
Figure III shows the invention applied to a
and lying in intimate contact therewith, a sheet
modi?ed form of building construction wherein
a facer board 2| topped by a water table 22 is
and covering the outer edges and the opposed
sides of the side rails.
4. A building construction comprising a Wall,
an opening therein, a frame within said opening, 10
a stud wall extending above said ?rst mentioned
provided immediately above the wall If) and be
In this installation the upper
10 low the siding l5.
end of the sheet I6 is run in intimate contact
with the board 2! and terminates beneath the
water table 22. A singular advantage of this
construction is that the upper edge of the sheet
I6 is effectively sealed against the entrance of
water between the wood elements of the building
and the inner surface of the sheet.
While I am familiar with various developments
of metal or metal-clad siding elements for build
ings I have found that they are unsuited for the
purpose of this invention which contemplates,
primarily, the provision of a simple and eco
nomical protective means for application to ex
isting structures.
Changes in the speci?c form of my invention,
as disclosed herein, may be made without de
parting from my invention as set forth in the
spirit and scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
-
1. A protective device for use with a window
frame having a sash therein and adjacent siding
elements of a building comprising a metallic
plate of a width equal to the width of the open
ing in the frame, said plate being bent to con
form to the contour of the upper rail of the
frame and the adjacent siding elements of the
building, said plate lying in intimate contact with
the outer surfaces of the rail and siding elements
and terminating at the outer surface of the sash.
2. A protective device for use with a window
Lil)
or other opening having wooden siding elements
extending thereabove comprising a sheet of steel
bent to conform to the outer surface of the sid~
ing elements and in intimate contact therewith,
said sheet being positioned adjacent said win
dowand extending thereabove and being of a
width approximately equal to the width of the
window or opening.
3. The combination with a window frame and
of steel ‘draped about each side rail of the frame
wall, overlapped siding elements secured to said
stud wall and extending above said frame, the
lowermost of said elements having its lower end
adjacent the upper rail of said frame, a metallic 15
protective sheathing bent .to conform to the outer
surface of the upper rail and adjacent siding
elements lying in intimate contact with said rail
and elements.
5. A building construction comprising a wall, 20
an opening therein, a frame within said opening,
a stud wall extending above said ?rst mentioned
wall, a base for said stud wall supported by said
‘?rst mentioned wall, a facer board secured to
the outer surface of said base and having its 25
lower edge adjacent the upper rail of the frame,
a water table positioned above said facer board
and having its outer edge overlying the outer
surface of the facer board, a protective device
for said facer board and upper rail comprising 30
an L-shaped sheet of metal having its upper
edge positioned beneath the overlying edge of
the water table and its horizontal portion in inti
mate contact with the lower surface of the upper
35
rail.
6. A building construction comprising a wall,
an opening therein, a Window frame within said
opening, a window sash hingedly mounted on
said frame and adapted to swing inwardly, a rib
surrounding the inner surface of said frame con 40
stituting a stop to limit the outward movement
of said sash, wooden siding elements secured to
said wall above said opening, and a metallic pro
tective sheathing bent to conform to the outer
surfaces of said rib, frame and the adjacent sid
ing element, said sheathing lying in intimate
contact with said rib, frame, and siding element
and being permanently secured thereto.
ALBERT E. VASBINDER.
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