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Патент USA US2114259

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April 12, 1938.
2,114,259
, c. D. TRUSSELL
PUNCH
Fiied June 1:5, 1935
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR
Clarence DTrusse/l
BY
AT ORNEY
‘
April 12, 1938.
v
2,1 14,259
c. D." TRussEul '
PUNCH
Filed. June 13, 1935
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‘ l N V ENTOR
Clarence 0. Fussell
BY
AT
RNEY
April 12, 1938.
2,114,259
C. D. TRUSSELL
PUNCH
Filed June 13, 1935
_
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
INVENTOR
Clarence D. Trussell
w
BY
ME.
AT
RNEY
~
2,114,259
‘Patented Apr. i2, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE >
8,1143”
PUNCH
Cisreneel).'l‘russeli.l’cughkcepsie,8.!.,as
simorto-Trusseil
company
Poughkeeplia'N. Y, a causation of New’
York
'
Application June 1:, ms, Serial No. cases
24 Claims.
This invention relates to power punches gen
' erally, but more particularly to punches such as
are employed for perforating the sheets used in
loose leaf binders.
5
This work requires a special degree of accuracy
to assure proper alignment of the perforated
sheets and this must be accomplished economi
The sheets are usually handled in a group or
neck such as indicated at it. It is essential that
the sheet or sheets be accurately registered and
located'with respect to the punch elements and
in proper time to be acted on by such elements.
This is accomplished in the illustration through
the coaction of two movable side gages and a back
cally to. meet commercial requirements.
.
gage with a relatively ?xed front gage.
Special objects of the present invention are to
vIn Fig. 3, the outer or movable back gage is in
provide a punch of relatively simple and inexpen
dicated at ll, adjust'aoly mounted on a slide l5, 10
sive construction, which will automatically and operating in- a guide groove I6, in the top of the
accurately sage and punch the sheets and which . table I ‘I, and the left and right hand side gages
will have a high production rate and can be He indicated at II, I’, adjustably mounted on
economically operated.
Other particular objects of the invention are
to enable the quick setting of the machine to
operate on different size sheets and to cut dif
ferent kinds and numbers of openings in the
sheets.
'
Further objects and the noveifeatures of con
struction, combinations and relations of parts by
which all such objects are attained, are set forth
or will appear from the following specification.
The drawings accompanying and forming part
of the speci?cation illustrate one of the practical
commercial embodiments of the invention. It
should be understood however, that various struc
' tural changes and modi?cations may be made all
within the true intent of the invention, as will be
30 apparent from the broad scope of the claims.
- Fig. 1 is a broken. front elevation of a punch
embodying the invention, for perforating sheets
to in
for loose leaf binders.
Fig. 2 is a View of the right hand end of this
machine.
.
Pig. 3 is a plan view substantially as on the line
3-3 of Fig. 2, with the ram and other parts un
covered by removal of the top of the machine.
slides 20, 2|, operating in opposed guideways 22,
23, in the. table top.
-
The fixed front gages are shown in Figs. 2, 6
and 7, as a row of register pins 2!, set in the
punch heads or holders 25, at the back' of the
paper receiving recesses 28 therein.
The back and side gages are alike in having 20
straight gaging edges 21, Fig. 5 of sumcient ver
tical extent to accommodate a group of sheets,
with upwardly ‘inclined inwardly projecting
?anges II, to guide and direct the sheets against
these casing edges.
*
i -
25
The side gages ll,v is, are shown in Fig. 3 as of
su?icient longitudinal extent to straighten and
register any size sheet that might ordinarily be '
handled by the machine and the back gage i4 is
indicated relatively narrow in extent, to permit 30
the closest approach of the side gages for han
git-rig the smallest sheets, practical on the ma
e_
v
The adjustable mounting of the three movable v
gages is the same in each case, involving the pro 35
vision of the slide bars I5, 2., 2i, each with a .
central rib 2!, and the gages each with a groove
3l,>to fit that rib, said gages also having portions
Fig. 4 is a broken horizontal sectional-view sub
stantially as on the plane of line H of Fig. 2 ' 3i,'_at opposite sides of the groove therein, riding
and showing the parts as viewed from below the in the guide grooves it, 22, 23, in which the slides
are mounted. This construction assures the fixtable.
‘
ing of the gages in proper relation on the slides
Fig. 5 is a broken edge view of the table show
ing the back and side gages as registering a group and keeps them in alignment by guiding them in.
the same grooves in which the slides operate.
45 of sheets.
Quick and simple adjustment of the gages on
Fig. 6 is a broken vertical sectional view on a‘
4.0
larger scale as on substantially the plane of line
6-8 of Fig. 1.
v
,
‘
Fig. 7 is a broken part sectional front view. of
the operatim' slides is provided in the illustra
tion, by having a series of spaced screw seats 32,
.in each slide to take a clamp‘screw 33, extend
ing down through a slot 34, in the gage, 'in the
parts appearing after removal of the front plate line'of adjustment. Upon loosening these screws,
.of the machine.
_
_
.
V
Fig. 8 is a broken view of the inner. face of the
front plate and showing the mounting of the
front ram guiding rollers therein-
'_ minor adjustments may be readily effected and
for major adjustments, the clamp screws may be
entirely removed and set in different screw holes
' .
in the slides. The slots ll may be of approxi 55
The base or frame of the machine here illus . mately the distance-between screw holes, so that
trated is shown in the form of a hollow pedestal considerable adjustment may be made-without
l0, having‘ a horizontal table supporting portion
1 i, and above that thespaced end portions ii, for
60 the mounting of the ram and other parts.
having to take out the screws and preferably
they will beat least long enough; in cooperation '
with diifesent holes, to enable adjustment also
2,114,259
2
to all sizes of sheets which can be handled by
the machine.
,
‘
The gage slides are actuated, in the illustra
tion, by levers 35, 36, 31, pivoted on studs 38,
39, 48, at the underside of the table, and having
pivoted links 4|, 42, 43, at the ends of the same
pivotally engaged with the studs 44, 45, 46, ex
18, receiving the tubular pivots 19, on which are
hung the ram sections 88.
are indicated as having in their lower faces the
‘ tending down from the slides through slots 41,
48, 49, in the table.
10
These latter are in
dicated as operating between individual guide
rollers 8|, at the front and a single long contin
uous guide roll 82, at the back. The ram sections
aligning undercut grooves 83, forming a continu
ous keyway for reception of the heads 84, of the
punch plungers 85. These plungers are slidingly
10
The three levers are inter-connected, so that keyed at 86, in the punch blocks 25, and have
suitably
shaped
punch
elements
81,
cooperating
motion imparted to one will accomplish move-.
with the die plates 88, Fig. 6.
ment of all three.
.
With this construction, the holders or blocks
Lever 35 is the one which is mechanically oper
ated in the present disclosure, it being shown as ~may be shifted to various positions transversely 15
of the machine and the punch plungers be en
15 having a sprocket chain 58, connected therewith,
extending down over a guide sprocket 5|, to the gaged with different sections of the ram.
' To assure proper alignment of the punch blocks
end of lever 52, pivoted on the stand at 53, and
carrying a roll 54, in engagement with cam 55, and aid in positioning same, they are shown as be
on the end of a cross shaft 56, suitably journalled ing grooved in their upper ends at 89, to receive 20
a locating bar 98, carried by the front plate 9|,
20 at the back of the pedestal. A spring 51 is shown
connected with the cam lever to cause the roll to of the machine. The individual punch blocks
closely follow the cam. It will be noted that this are shown as having clamp screws 92, to grip this
locating bar.
construction is effective only to pull the gage op
Clamp levers 93, engage over the base portions
- erating lever 35, in the retracting or gage open
of the punch blocks and these are adjustably se 25'
25 ing direction.
cured by holddown bolts 94, engaged in the un
Movement of the gage levers in the reverse,
dercut
way 95, in the base of the machine.
closing direction is e?’ected in the present con
The construction described enables any neces
- struction by coiled springs 58, 59, 68,’ connected
with these levers and anchored to split abutment sary adjustments and substitution of parts to be 30
readily made. The front plate 9| is removably
30 nuts 8|, 62, 63, adjustably clamped on the lower
secured
at 96, to the front of the side members I2,
threaded ends of the pivot studs 38, 39, 48, by
securing screws 64.
of the frame and can be readily taken off to ex- .
‘
The inter-linking of the three gage levers is
accomplished in the illustration by a link 65,
35 pivoted at one end to the actuated lever 35 at
a point 66, adjoining the chain connection 58, andv
pivoted at its opposite end to an arm 61, extend
ed beyond the pivotal center of lever 36, thus to
effect reverse movements of the second lever;
40 and by a roll 68 on an arm extension 69 of the
?rst lever engaging an arm'extension 18 of the
third lever 31, thus to effect retractive move
ment of the back gage in time with the spreading
or opening movement of the side gages.
_
If desired, the closing movement of one of the
side gages may be determined by a ?xed stop,
as by having the actuating lever for this gage
engage a stop pin 1|, Fig. 4, on the underside
of the table and in such case, the link connec
50 tion 65 between the two side gage levers may have
lost motion at one end as shown at 12,‘ to permit
su?icient independence of gage movement in the
45
pose the sectional ram and adjustable punch
blocks as at Fig. '1.
The ram sections are de?
nitely spaced by having the lugs 91, which receive 35
the hinge tubes, ?t closely in between the hinge
blocks 18. Set screws 98,. are shown for ?xing
the ram sections, to the hinge tubes, so that the
latter will pivot in the bearings provided in the
hinge blocks.
The hinge tubes, in more or less 40
close ?tting abutting engagement, Fig. 7, form
a substantially continuous conduit and chamber
for lubricant which may be supplied through an
oil cup 99, or the like, Fig. 3, ?xed in one end tube,
the opposite end tube being suitably closed as by
a plug I88. Oil grooves I8I, may be cut in the
abutting ends of the hinge tubes to admit lubri
cant to the surrounding bearings in the interme-,
diate blocks 18 and equivalent oil passages I82,
Fig. '1, may be provided in the end hinge tubes
for the outermost bearings 18.
The bearing blocks 18 are shown in Fig. 6 as
second side gage. The one way engagement at 68, ‘ keyed at I83, over the end of the rocker, so as to
18, between the ?rst side gage lever and the back
55 gage lever 31, with proper adjustment of the back
gage, leaves this gage member with a certain
freedom of action in the gaging direction, inde
pendent of the ?rst lever. The springs which
close the gage levers may be independently set to
30
properly cooperate in effecting the necessary in
ter-relation and if desired, a certain independ
ence of operation, such as described.
The punch mechanism is operated from the
same shaftwhich opens the gages.
The cross
shaft 56, whichgcarries the gage cam 55, at one
end, carries at its opposite end a crank 13, ap
proximately at the center of the machine, Fig. 1,
with which is engaged a pitman 14, pivoted at
its upper end at 15, to the longer, rearwardly
70 extending arm of a rocker 16. The pitman or
crank rod 14, is shown as having an intermediate
turnbuckle section 11; providing adjustment for
locating the punch position as may be required.
_ The forward'shorter arm of the/punch rocker
75 has secured to it a series of spaced pivot blocks
be de?nitely ?xed and capable of carrying the
punch load.
Screws I84, secure them in this -
keyed relation and enable quick and easy re
moval.
.
The front ram guiding rollers 8| are shown in
Figs. 6 and 8 as positioned in bearings I85, formed
in the inner face of the removable front plate 9|,
and the punch block locating bar 98, is illustrated
as secured to the inner face of this front plate
below these bearings.
Angularly shaped guides I86, are shown as ad
justably and removably secured by screws I81,
Figs. 6 and '7, to the punch blocks in position to
surely guide and strip the packs of sheets fed into
the punches.
The back guide roll 82 for the ram sections
is indicated as journalled at its ends at I88,
directly in the side‘ members I2. The shaft I89,
on which the rocker is journalled is ?xedly
mounted in these same side members. The
rocker 16, is indicated in Figs. 3 and 6, as cham
bered at II8, to hold lubricant for the bearing
3
2,114,259
portions of the same riding on the supporting
shaft I09.
‘ The combined cam and crank shaft 56, is oper
ated in the present disclosure from a short shaft
III, Figs. 1 and 2, rimning from front to back of
the machine and carrying a worm I I 2, in engage
ment with a worm gear II3, on shaft 56. ,At'the
front, the worm shaft is shown as having a pulley
or series of pulleys Ill, for belt drive from the
10 motor “5,. and at the back this shaft carries a
?y wheel I I I5. The two angularly disposed shafts
are indicated as both journalled in the same
worm gear casing III, which thus affords bear-_
ing support and lubrication facilities for both
15 shafts. This arrangement is particularly com
pact with the drive from one shaft to the other,
intermediate the ends of the shafts and the ends
of the ‘shafts exposed, the ?rst one to carry the
belt pulley and fly wheel and the second?one to
20 carry the ram operating crank and the gage oper
ating cam.
A top board or plate I I8, is indicated as remov
ably secured at “9, over the upper ends of the
side members i2, as a cover for the rocker and
25 ram mechanism. The ready removability of this
top board provides quick access to these parts
for inspection or other purposes and, the removal
of the front plate 9|, provides practically com
' plete access to all the punch mechanism. After
30 removal of the top member and loosening the
formed by a continuous bar either ?xedly or
adjustably secured at the back of the paper re
ceiving groove 26, in the punchv heads or holders
25. Also the stripper may be a rigid piece secured
in the top of the paper receiving recess, instead of
an angularly bent piece of spring metal, such as
indicated at I06, in Fig. 6.
,_At times, particularly for some special work, 10
it may be desirable to convert the machine from
an automatic to a fixed gage press. This may be
accomplished in the present disclosure by simply
retracting one of the side gages and securing it in
such retracted position, where it and the other 15
connected side gage and back gage will’ not be
affected by the gage operating cam.
In the construction illustrated, there is pro
vided 'a shouldered hand screw I22, Fig. 3, which,
after the left hand slide 29 has been retracted, 20
can be inserted through an opening I23, in that
slide into a screw seat I24, in the table. In such '
position, this slide will be withdrawn beyond the
extreme limit of retraction ordinarily accom
plished by the cam and lever mechanism. Con 25
sequently, this and the other gage slides will
stand still while the cam 55 and the lever 52 oscil
lated thereby simply operate idly, the chain 50
permitting this idle oscillation.
In order that the hand screw I22 be alwa
30
screws 92, clamping the punch blocks to the locate
ing bar 90, the front panel SI, may be released
available for the quick conversion of the machine
from automatic to ?xed gage operation, the front
and then lifted up from the punch blocks and
‘thus removed without disturbing the fastening
panel SI is shown as having a screw seat I25, for
this screw in position above the left hand gage
35.
slide, so as to be‘ readily associated therewith.
_ The securing of one gage slide, through the‘
35 down of the punch blocks on the base.
I
The making of the ram in sections simpli?es
manufacture, since these parts are usually of
hardened steel. The same is true of the sectional
pivot tube and the pivot blocks for the ram.
interconnection of the slide operating levers at
the underside of the table, effects the securing
Grooves I2_I, Fig. 3, are shown'provided in the
table top for receiving the ?ngers in picking the
sheets up off the table. The back and side gages
open far enough tofreely receive the sheet or group
of. all three gage slides.
Consequently any one or any combination of 40
the three gages may then be employed in using
the machine, the gage or gages to be used being.
secured in desired adjusted relation on its or
of sheets forwhich theyhave been set and the'back
their slide or slides.
45 gage quicklyadvances the sheet or sheetswhile the
side- gages are registering and centering them.‘
By reason of this cooperative action, no special
skill is required, it merely being necessary that
the sheets be placed somewhere within the opened
50 back and side gages. The parts are timed so that
the punch comes down immediately the sheets
are located, thus providing maximum production.
The operator merely has to lay the sheets within
the open gages and then remove the punched ma
The ?y wheel H6, at the back of the machine 45
may be used as a hand wheel for turning the
machine over in making preliminary adjustments
of the gages and other parts. Operation of the
gages from the same mechanism which drives
the punches assures proper cooperation and tim 50
ing and the structure is such that punches ‘and
gages may be readily set for different desired
operations.
7
-
While the operation of the gages is- such as
terial. These are safe, easy operations that can
to require no special care, other than to place 55
be quickly performed._ The machine is particu!
the sheets within the open gages, the combined
operation of punch and gages is such that for .
larly accurate because both side edges are gaged
and because the gages yieldingly “feel” and
“square up” the edges of the stack through the
~60 medium of the gage closing springs. The posi
tive motion of the cam opens the gages and the
the most e?icient results the operator should
have in convenient reach a stack of sheets to
be punched and, in equally convenient position,
a holder to receive the punched sheets.
.Ac
parts preferably are set so that the cam will not
cordingly, the machine is preferably equipped,
delay or impede the gage closing movements
e?ected by the springs. Non-interference of this
as indicated particularly in Figs. v1 and 3, with
sort may be assured by actually having a certain
amount of slack 'irnrthe gage opening" chain 50, in
the gaging position of the parts, substantially as
indicated inFig. 1. ‘
-
The front of the hollow base is shown as having
70 a hinged door I20, providing ready access for belt
changing or other-purposes. If'desired, the back
of thebase may be closed in to cover the rocker
and the crank and cam mechanisms. Many
>,other changes may be made-all within the true
75
scope of the following claims. Thus instead of
, the row of pins 24, the front gage may be
'
spirit of theinvention and ‘within the broad
a so-called “stacker” I26, at the right hand side
of the feed table II, for holding a supply of 65
sheets in orderly arrangement to be ‘quickly
grasped by one hand and a receiving stacker I21,
at the opposite'side of the table in position to
hold and stack the sheets which have been
punched.
‘
70
These supply and receiving stackers are‘mount
ed soas not to interfere with the operations
of the gages and this is accomplished in the ‘
present disclosure by securing them on clamps
I28, I29, slotted at I", to ?t over the opposite 75
4
2,114,259
edges of the table and provided with screws I3I,
by which they may be held in variously adjusted
relation to said actuating means, a readily re
ticularly in Fig. 1, the body portions of these
clamps are high enough to support the stackers
movable member for holding the gage stationary
and separated from said actuating means, said
member being removably ‘associated with said
‘gage and a support for said removable member
above the level of the gages, so as not to inter
fere with the operation of the gages even in the
adjacent said table for holding said member
when not in service in readily accessible position,
angular relations on the table.
As shown par
maximum opening adjustments of the latter.
By preference, the stackers are open sided
10 boxes, such as illustrated, having ?at bottoms
I32, and two angularly related back and end
walls I33, I34, arranged as in Fig. '3, on con
vergent inclines toward the punch head and
with the open front and outer ends toward the
15 operator who ordinarily is stationed directly in
front of the table in-line with the gages.
To aid the operator in grasping the top sheets
without disturbing the rest of the stack, the sup
ply stacker may be constructed with‘ the back
20 wall I33, inclined forwardly, so as.to offset the
top of the stack toward the operator, substan
tially as indicated.
This arrangement also ena
bles the operator to readily and quickly select
the desired number of sheets for each punch
25 operation. Also as indicated in Fig. 3, the end
wall I34, of the ‘feed or supply stacker need not
be full length, to give greater clearance for the
quick removal of the sheets'from the top of. the
stack.
This same construction may be followed
in the receiving stacker.
The clamp constructions permit the stackers
to be quickly removed and replaced and enable
either one or both stackers to be readily set at
di?erent angles and ‘in different positions on the
table to best suit a. particular operator and in
accordance with size of sheets, etc.
' This arrangement of supply stacker at one side
of the gages and receiving stacker at the opposite
side, enables an operator to quickly remove the
desired number of sheets and place them within
the gages, with one hand, and then with the
other hand to pick up the punched sheets and
lay them in reversed order in the receiving stack
er, thus keeping the sheets in the original order.
45 In the receiving stacker they may be quickly trued
up at any time by simply pressing on the exposed
corner of the stack in that holder.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination, a reciprocating punch, .a
50 ?xed front gage associated therewith, a movable
back gage for advancing material to said front
gage, movable side gages for engaging opposite
side edges of the material and common mecha
nism for operating said three movable gages and
55 said punch in timed relation, including a single
shaft ‘having a crank connection at one end
with the punch and a cam connection at the
‘ opposite end with the movable gages, said shaft
having a worm gear intermediate is ends and
60 an angularly arranged power shaft having a
\ worm intermediate its ends engaging said worm
gear and a' drive pulley on one end and a ?y
convenient to said gage.
4. A p oh of the character disclosed, com
prising n combination a rocker, a ram pivotally 10
connected therewith, guide means for said ram,
9. locating bar carried by said ram guide means,
punch blocks grooved to receive said locating bar
and thereby de?nitely positioned with respect
to said ram, means for securing said punch blocks 15
at different positions along said locating bar,
plungers in said punch blocks engageable with
said ram in said different positions along the
locating bar, material gaging mechanism ad
justable in respect to said punch plungers and 20
common means for operating said separately ad
justable punch and gage mechanism in de?nitely
timed relation.
5. In a punch of the character disclosed, a
frame having side members, a rocker. journalled 25
between said side members, a roll journalled be
tween said side members, a ram pivoted to said
rocker and guided at one side against said roll,
a front plate secured to said side members over
the ram, a roller journalled on said front plate 30
for con?ning the ram ,against said roll, a table
connected with said side members, a movable
gage operating over said table and common
means for actuating said rocker and movable
35
gage in de?nitely timed relation.
6. A punch of the character disclosed, compris
ing a reciprocating ram, 9. headstructure in
which the ram is guided, a rocker mounted in
said head structure for operating said ram, punch
blocks, punches in said blocks detachably engage 40
able with said ram, means for positioning and
securing the outer portions of said punch blocks
in said head structure, means .for adjustably se
curing the inner portions of said punch blocks
in saidhead structure, front gage means carried 45
by said punch blocks, movable side and back
gages in cooperative relation to said front gage
means and common drive means for actuating‘
said rocker and movable gages in de?nitely timed .
relation.
I
50
7. In a punch, a table, a front stop for gaging
material on the table, a punch element for oper
ating on material against said front stop, opposed
side gages mounted for sliding movement over the
table, a back gage slidingly mounted on the table 55
in opposition to the front gage, interconnected
levers at the imderside of» said table and connect
ed with said movable back and side gages, inde
pendently tensioned springs acting on said levers
for shifting the back and side ga‘ges in a material 60
gaging direction and mechanical means connect- ‘
ed with one of said levers for operating the gages
wheel at the opposite end of the same.
in the reverse direction. _
2. In a machine of the character disclosed, the
8. In a punch, a table, a ‘front stop for gaging
65 combination of a gage slide, mechanical means material on the table, a punch element for oper 65
for shifting same in a gage retracting direction, ating on material against said front stop, opposed
spring means for yieldingly shifting said gage side gages mounted for sliding movement over the
slide in the opposite, gage closing direction and table, a back gage slidingly mounted on- the table
means for securing said gage slide retracted in .in opposition to the front gage, interconnected
a position beyond the range of operation of said levers at the underside of said table and con 70
mechanical gage opening means.
'nected with said movable back and side gages,
3. _In a machine of the character disclosed, the independently tensioned springs acting on said
combination of a material supporting table, a levers for shifting the back and side gages in a
movable gage operating thereover, actuating material gaging direction, mechanical means
means for said gage, said gage having a separable connected with one of said leversfor operating 75
5
8,1 14,269
the gages in the reverse direction, the table hav
ing guide channels therein and said gages includ
ing slides operating in said channels and gage
extent permitted by said stop, mechanical means
elements adjustably secured on said slides.
9, In combination, a work table, movable gages
for positioning work on said table, levers pivoted
beneath said table and connected with said gages,
for shifting said side gage in the reverse direc-'
tion, spring means for shifting the other side gage
and back gage in the closing direction and con
nections from said mechanical operating means
for opening said other side gage and movable back
springs operating on said ,levers for effecting
movement of the gages in the material gaging di
10 rection, a cam, a lever operated thereby, a ?ex
ible connection from said lever to one of the
gage levers for shifting the latter in a gage re
tracting direction and connections between the
gage levers, whereby movement of the one lever
15, by said ?exible connection will impart movement
to another of the gage levers.
I‘
'
.
10. In combination, a work table, studs at the
underside of said table, levers pivoted, on said
studs, spring abutments adjustably secured on.
20 said studs, springs interposed between said spring
abutments and levers and adjustably tensioned
to shift said levers each in one direction, connec-'
tions between the levers for e?ectlng substan
tially simultaneous movement of one from the
25 other, mechanical means for shifting one of said
levers in a direction opposed to said springs and
material gaging means on, the table adjustably
connected with said levers.
11. A combination as in claim 10, in which said
30 connecting means between the levers includes
mechanism imparting de?nite movement to all
the gages in an opening direction and permitting
independently variable movement of the gages in
gage, said connections having lost motion to per- '
mit independent closing movements of said other 10
side gage and back gage.
15. In a machine of the character disclosed,
the combination of a feed table, oppositely oper
ating slides on said feed table, side gages adjust
ably connected with said oppositely acting slides, 15
a slide between said oppositely acting slides and
operating at a right angle thereto, a back gage
adjustably connected with said right angle acting
slide and means for actuating said slides to bring
said back and side gages into cooperative rela 20
tion with material on said feed table.
16. In a machine of the character disclosed, a
feed table, movable back and side gages operable
thereover, a stop for de?nitely limiting the clos
ing movement of one of said gages and operating
means for said gages including connections with
lost motion enabling movement of one gage in
dependently of said ?xed movement of said ?rst
mentioned gage.
-
‘
17. In a machine of the character disclosed, 30
the combination of a feed table for supporting a
stack of superimposed sheets, a front gage at the
forward edge of said table for positioning the
forward edges of a stack of sheets advanced over
the closing direction.
35
closing movement of one of said side gages,
spring means for shifting said side gage to the
12. A punch of the character disclosed, com
prising in combination a hollow base, a motor in
the bottom of said base, a rearwardly extending
shaft journalled in the base and having a drive
connection from the motor on the forward end
of the same, a ?y wheel on the rearward end of
said shaft, a worm on the shaft intermediate the
ends of the same, a cross shaft at the back of
the base having a worm gear intermediate the
ends of the same in mesh with said worm, a crank
45 on the inner end of said worm gear shaft at a
substantially central portion of the machine, a
cam on the outer end of said shaft, a rocker
mounted in the upper portion of the machine, a
pitman connection from said rocker to said
v50 crank, a ram operated by said rocker, a punch
element connected with said ram, a lever oper
ated by said cam, a front gage associated with
, the punch, movable side and backgages in oo
operative relation with said' front gageand con
65 nections from said cam lever for imparting move
ment to said movable side and back gages.
. 13. In a machine of the character disclosed,
the table, oppositely operating reciprocating
registering the side edges of a stack of sheets on
the table, a reciprocating slide at the back of the
table and operating substantially at a right angle 40
to said side gage slides, a back gage connected»
with said back slide, means for enabling relative
adjustment of said gages to e?ect registration of
all four sides of a stack of sheets deposited on the
table between the opened gages ‘and actuating
means for said reciprocating slides operating to
and back gage, levers connected with said mov-'
the closing direction.
‘
14. In a machine of the character disclosed, a
‘work table, a movable back and opposite side
75 gages operable thereover, a stop for limiting the
45.
close the side gages toward each other and to
close the back gage toward the front gage.
18. In a machine of the character disclosed,
the combination of a feed table for supporting 50
a-stack of superimposed sheets, a front gage at
the forward edge of said table for accurately posi
‘tioning the forward edges of a stack of sheets
on the table, oppositely acting gages at the sides
of the table having substantially straight verti
cal edges for gaging the side edges of a stack of
sheets and having upwardly inclined inwardly
projecting ?anges to con?ne and direct the sheets
the combination of a front stop for gaging mate
rial, ‘a back gage for advancing material to said , against said substantially straight vertical gaging
60 front stop, opposed side gages for positioning edges, a back gage between and operating sub
material laterally with respect'to said front stop/ stantially at a right angle to said side gages and
able back and side gages, independently tensioned
springs acting on said levers for shifting the back
65 and side gages in a material gaging direction,
mechanical means connected with one of said
levers for operating the gages in the reverse rela
tion and connecting means between the levers
for forcing de?nite movement to all the gages in
70 the opening direction and for permitting the
independently variable movement of the gages in
35
slides at the sides of said feed table, side gages
connected with said oppositely acting slides for
60
having a substantially vertical edge for engaging
the back edges of a stack of sheets and advancingv
the same to said front gage and means for ac
tuating said oppositely acting side gages and
said back gage in de?nitely timed relation.
19. In a machine ,of the character disclosed,
the combination of a feed table for supporting
a stack of superimposed sheets, a front gage at
the forward edge of said table for positioning the
forward edges of ‘a stack of sheets advanced over
the table, oppositely operating reciprocating slides
at the sides of said feed table, side gages con
nected with said oppositely acting slides for reg
istering the side edges of a stack of sheets on the 75
6
8,114,259
table, a reciprocating slide at the back of the table
and operating substantially vat a right angle to
said side gage slides, a back gage connected with
said back slide, means for enabling relative ad
justment of said gages to effect registration of all
four sides of a stack of sheets deposited on the
_ table between the opened gages, actuating means
for said reciprocating slides operating to close
the side gages toward each other and to close the
10 back gage toward the front gage, a punch posi
tioned to operate on a stack of sheets registered
against said front gage and actuating means for
lowering said punch as the sheets are registered
against said front gage'and for raising said punch
15 as the gages are opened as described.
20. In a machine‘ of the character disclosed,
the combination of a feed table for supporting a
" stack of loosely superimposed vsheets, a front gage
at the forward edge of said table for positioning
sides of said feed table, a reciprocating back gage ,
between and operating at substantially a right
angle to said side gages, said movable side gages
and back gage having substantially vertical edges
rising from 'saidtable surface for registering a 5
plurality of superimposed sheets deposited on the
table between the opened gages, means for oper
ating said side gages and back gage to advance
and register a stack of sheets on the table in de?
nite position against the front gage and operating 10
means for lowering the punch as the stack of
sheets is registered against the front gage and for
raising the punch to release the stack of sheets
upon opening movement of the gages as described.
23. A machine for feeding, accurately register- 15
ing and punching a stack of registered sheets,
comprising a stationary table for supporting a
stack of loose sheets, a front gage at the for
ward edge of said table for de?nitely positioning
20 the forward edges of a stack of sheets advanced
the forward edges of a stack of sheets on the 20
table, a punch overstanding said front gage fore
operating on a stack of sheets registered against
said front gage, a reciprocating back gage 'mov
able over said stationary table toward and away
25 on the table between said side gages, a reciprocat- ~ from said front gage, reciprocating side gages 25
ing back gage operating substantially at a right operating oppositely over said stationary table
angle between said side gages and having a sub
in front of said back gage, means for operating
stantially vertical edge rising from the table sur
said back gage to advance a stack of sheets de
face for engaging and registering the back edges posited on the table into engagement with said
30 of a stack of sheets in the act of advancing said
front gage, means for'advancing said side gages 30.
sheets to the front gage, operating mechanism toward each other to register the opposite side
for said side and back gages, including means edges of a stack of sheets on the table thus ad
for approaching the side gages as the back gage
vanced by the back gage and means for lower
advances the sheets to the front gage, resilient ing the punch as the stack of sheets is so ad
35 means for relatively closing the side gages and a
vanced and registered and for raising the punch 35
?xed stop for limiting the. closing movement of in de?nitely timed relation to the, opposite sheet‘
one of said side gages. ' .
releasing movement of said reciprocating gages.
24. A machine forrautomatically feeding and
21. In a machine of the character disclosed,
vthe combination of a feed table for supporting registering a loose stack of sheets and for punch
ing the stack when registered. in accurately 40
40 a stack of loosely superimposed sheets, a front
gage at the forward edge of said table for posi-' aligned order, comprising a stationary table for
tioning the forward edges. of a stack of sheets receiving and supporting a loose stack of the
advanced over the table, oppositely operating re
sheets deposited loosely thereon, a front gage at
ciprocating side gages having substantially ver
the forward edge of said table for de?nitely posi
tical edges extending upwardly from the table tioning the forward edges of such a stack of 43
surface for registering the side edges of a stack of sheets on ‘the table, a punch overstanding said
sheets on the table between said side gages, a re
front gage for operating on such a stack of sheets
over the table, oppositely operating reciprocat
ing‘ side gages having substantially vertical edges
extending upwardly from the table surface for
registering the ‘side edges of a stack of sheets
ciprocating back gage operating substantially at
a right angle between said side gages and having
a substantially vertical edge rising from the table
surface for engaging and registering the back
edges of a stack of sheets in the act of advancing
said sheets to' the front gage, operating mecha-v
nism for said side and back gages, including
means for approaching the side gages as the back
gage advances the sheets to the front gage, resil
when registered against said front gage, a re
ciprocating back gage movable over said station
ary table toward and away from said. front gage, 50
oppositely disposed relatively movable side gages '
over said stationary table at the front of said
movable back gage, means for reciprocating said
back gage to advance a stack of sheets so de
posited on the table into engagement with said 55
front gage and to retract said back gage away
ient means for relatively closing the side gages, ' from the front gage to provide space on the table
a ?xed stop for limiting the closing movement of in front of said back gage and between said front
one of said side gages, a punch located to operate and back gages for reception of a loose stack of
.60 on a stack of sheets so registered and advanced
sheets, means for effecting relative approach and 60
over the feed table and operating means for low
separation of said side gages toward and away
ering said punch as the sheets are positioned and from each other to register the opposite side edges
> registered against said front gage and for raising
said punch as the gages are opened.
22. A machine for feeding, accurately register
05
ing and punching a stack of registered sheets,
comprising a stationary feed table, a front gage
at the forward edge of said feed table for posi
tioning the forward edges of a stack of superim
posed sheets on the table, a punch overstanding
said front gage for operating on a stack of sheets
registered against said front gage, oppositely
operating reciprocating side gages at opposite
of a stack of sheets on the table between the
front and back gages and to open to leave space‘
on the table for a loose stack of sheets between 65
said side gages and means for lowering the punch
as said gages operate to feed and accurately reg
ister all the four sides of the stack of sheets on
the table and for raising said punch in de?nitely
timed relation to the opposite stack disengaging 70
relative opening movement of said gages.
CLARENCE D. 'I'RU'ssELL. '
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