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Патент USA US2114320

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- Patented‘Apr. .19,‘ 1938
n
, 2,114,320
UNITED STATES *
PATENT OFFICE
2,114,320
.
.
_
*
warm: AND molsmnrao
f or'rnx
MATE mans
'
George Schneider, Montclair, N.‘ J., assignor to
Celanese Corporation of America, a corporation‘
of Delaware
No Drawing. Application November 14, 1933,
_ Serial No. 697,927 '
.
j
»
,
i
7 Claims.
This invention relaiesto laminated textile
fabrics that are water and moistureprooi’ and
also to coated fabrics that are adaptedto prevent
(cl. lac-z)
dyes or lakes are. the induline and nigrosine
dyes. Examples'of?re retardants are. beta chlor
naphthalene, triphenyl phosphate and tricresyl,
the escape of odor and taste imparting constitu- ‘ phosphate.
5 cuts of the material. protected by the treated
fabric.
'
a
triethanolamine stearates, oleates, etc. These ef- .
-
An object of the invention isthe production of .
a fabric that is water and‘moistureproof yet re-,
tains its fabric-texture appearance‘. and heri
1.0 bility. Other objects of the invention will appear
i'romthe following detailed description.
Examples of softening agents. are.
glycol and glycerol oleates, stearates, etc. andthe. 5
' I
Fabrics treated according to this invention are
applicable to ‘such uses as shower bath cur-_v
tains.v pocketbooks, moistureproof bags, tobacco
15 pouches, raincoats, cigarette casesand‘all similar,
' articles. In appearance the materials retain the
fect materials may beadded to thespinning’ solu
tion from which the?laments are ‘formedor they
may be added to the 'illaments while the ?la
ments are in a‘, swollen condition due to a treat 10
ment with swelling'fagents such asv the thiocya
nates of ammonium, sodium, potassium and cal
cium, dilute phenol,m dilute acetone, pyridine
ethers and esters of giycols, etc.
'
'
-
The foil or sheeting layerv of an organic deriva
tive of cellulose tobe applied, to the 'fabric may.
be of any thickness depending upon theilexibility
15
structure, color, etc. of; the fabric base having‘,
however, a slight glazed appearance not found desired of the product. Foils having a thickness
in the fabric
laminated fabrics may of 0.001 to,‘0.003" 'aresuitable for this purpose.
20, be joined, seamed, and shaped by cutting and This foil or'sheeting'preferably contains‘ piss:
sewing as are ordinary fabrics‘. These laminated ticizers such as triphenyl phosphate, dimethyl
fabrics maybe formed into bags and pouches or phthalate, diethyl phthalate, triacetin etc. and
hemmed by bending‘ in such a manner that at may also contain‘ coloring. materials and like, er;
a least one treated side. of the fabric is contacted fect materials. Theplast-icizers maybe those that
25 in the joint‘, fold, or hem and then merely apply‘ act. as solvents for the cellulose derivative at ele
vated temperatures yet, that have no solvent ac
'
ing heat and pressure.
, ‘a
»
,
.
,
.
.
According to my invention I laminate a sheet; tion at ordinary temperatures; ' ‘~ . '
ing or foil of an organic derivative of cellulose
Thisrioii or sheeting is laminated to the fabric
, to an organic derivative of cellulose fabric with by merely superimposing the two, and subjecting '
so or without the aid, of an adhesive or a lacquer.
If no lacquer or adhesive is used, (the two layers of
material‘ are welded together'by heat and pres
sure.
,
.
v The fabric employed maybe woven; knitted.
85 knotted, netted,
or otherwise formed
from yarns of organic, derivatives of cellulose.
them to heat and'pressnre. The temperature and
pressurewill vary with the typeiof iabricand
thickness of thefoil' or sheet employed and with
the type of organic, derivative of cellulose 'in-each.
For general use temperatures around 95° C. and
a pressure of around 150 lbs. are usually employed.
The temperatureand pressure may‘ be reduced
and, in some instances, elevated temperature'may
embossins. nrintinstdreins qr by empiorinsdifw be entirely dispensed with‘by employing a‘lacquer
ferent types, or color of yarnsv in, the forming , oradhesive betweenth‘e fabric and. foil or sheet.
40 of the fabric. It‘ is not necessary that all the Examples of, lacquers that may be? employed are
yarns or ?laments‘ be of organic derivatives of those containing‘ nitrocellulose and/orcellulose
phenol‘_ aldehyderesin,
prq'-_v
cellulose but only that they've round suf?ciently i acetate,
_
_ I
I
__ diphenylol
t
“ The fabric may have thereon
formed by‘
* distributed in the fabric tov form a substantial ' pane aldehyde resin, vinyl resins, casein ‘resin
bindingof the foil crsheeting to the fabric.
~ and like substances dissolved in a volatile, solvent.
45.
The yarns or filaments of organic, derivatives
of
which the fabric is formed may
contain incorporated therewith effect material's
such as pigments, ?lling
dyes or lak'les,
i'lre retardants, softening agents, sizes and lubri
50. cants. ‘Examples of pigments and filling mate
‘ rials are powderedmetals, powdered oxidesv of
metals, metallic salts such as the carbonates,
,
amp blsdi saMrsamwQmmunds that
are compatible with‘ the "creme, derivatives of
M cellulose
are “summit samples '01
If it is desired toavoid coalescence of the organic .45
derivative of cellulose nlamentsin the fabricas
much as‘ possible, vthe, lacquer preferably com”
tains a derivative g: cellulose. odiiiere'nt from that '
present ' in such ?laments and, having different
solubility characteristica; dissolved in any liquid
that has llttleor no solvent. power for-the organic
derivative of- cellulose __'0f, the ?laments. ‘Thus, if
the fabric c‘ontains‘ya s, of‘ acetone soluble ‘cel
luloselacstate' the-Jamar employed-mar contain >
illtrawllslese
in a new: mixture:
2 1
'
2,114,820
prising butyl acetate, that has substantially no
solvent action on such cellulose acetate.
The lacquer or adhesive may be sprayed, brush:
ed or smeared upon either the fabric or the form
ed layer material such as foil and sheeting. The
lacquers may be applied to the material from
solutions of any ., degree of viscosity depending
upon the mode of application.
_
I
’
The fabric and foil alternatively may be caused
10 to adhere by interposing between them .a Ithin
.
coalescence, while maintaining the fabric char
acter of the base;
I
3. Method of producing a waterproof textile
fabric, which comprises interposing a film or foil
consisting of cellulose acetate between two layers
of fabric containing yarns of cellulose, acetate and
subjecting the assembly to a temperature of about
95° C.' and a pressure of" about 150 pounds to
unite the same by direct adhesion and coales
cence, while maintaining the fabric character of
layer of powder comprising an organic derivative the outer layers. 1
of cellulose and plasticizer in intimate admixture
4. Method of producing a waterproof textile
and applying heat and pressure to the assembly. fabric, which comprises interposing‘a fabric con
For the purpose of maintaining a cloth-like sisting of yarns-of cellulose acetate between two »
15 feel to both sides of the product the moisture
layers of film or foil consisting substantially of
proo?ng foil or sheet may be sandwiched between cellulose acetate and subjecting the assemby to 15
two layers of fabric. However, even in the case ' a temperature of about 95° C.‘ and a pressure of
.where the foil or sheet is exposed to view, the
‘texture of the‘ cloth shows throughv giving the
about 150 pounds to’ unite the same by direct ad
20 appearance of cloth ‘slightly glazed and does not ' hesion and coalescence, while maintaining the
fabric character of the intermediate layer,
20'
- appear as a laminated fabric.
When using foil
‘5. Method of waterproo?ng a‘ textile fabric
and welding the fabric thereto by pressure, the consisting of yarns of organicderivatives of cellu
foil is embossed ‘with the pattern of the fabric lose, which comprises superposing on said fabric
structure, so that the‘ appearance of the assembly‘ a ?lm or foil consisting substantially of an or
25 of being a laminated fabric is diminished.
ganic derivative of cellulose and a plasticizer
For the purpose ofproduciirgr a textile fabric therefor and subjecting the assembly to a tem
appearing materialthat is proofed on both sides perature of about 95° C. and a pressure of about
the textile fabric may/besandwiched between 150. pounds to unite the same by direct adhesion
two layers of foil or sheeting. This structure then and ‘coalescence, 'while maintaining the fabric‘
30 consists of a baseof sheetm'aterial that-may be
character'of- the base.
'
'
readily cemented to wood, enamelware, etc. a top0
6. Method of waterproofing a textile fabric con
of sheet material that may be washed easily'and Isisting of yarns of cellulose acetate, which coma central sheet thatimparts .a fabric-like ap
pearance to the assembly.
'
'
,
I
-
Having described'my invention, ‘what I'desire
to secure by Letters Patent is:
' .1. Method of waterproo?ng ‘ a textile fabric
consisting of yarns of organic derivativesof cellu
lose, which comprises superposing on said fabric
a film or foil consisting substantially of an or
ganic, derivative of-cellulose and subjecting the
25
.
30
7
‘prises superposing on said fabric a ?lm 'or foil
consisting substantiallyof cellulose acetate and
a plasticizer therefor and subjecting the assem
bly to atemperature of about 95° C. and a pres-
.35
sure of about 150 pounds'to unite the same by -
direct adhesion and coalescence,~ while main
taining the fabric character of the base. '
_ , I
7. Method of waterproofing a textile fabric con‘ 40
sisting of yarns of cellulose acetate, which com
assembly to a temperature of about 95° C..and'a prises superposing .on said fabric a film or foil
pressure ofabout 150 pounds to unite-the same by consisting- substantially-of cellulose acetate and
direct adhesion and coalescence. while maintain _ a plasticizer therefor,~which
plasticizer is a sol-I,
45 ing the fabric character of the base.
vent for the cellulose acetate at elevated tempera; 45
2. Method of waterproo?ng a textile fabric tures,iand
subjecting the assembly to a,Itempera-’
consisting of yarns of cellulose acetate, which ture of about
95°‘ C. and a pressure. of ‘about 150
comprises superposlng on said fabric a,‘ ?lm or
to unite the same by direct adhesion and
foil consisting substantially of cellulose acetate pounds
coalescence, while maintaining the fabric char- I
so and subjecting, the assembly to a temperature aoter of the base. "
50.
' of about 95“ C. and a pressure of about 150-
GEORGE SCHNEIDER.
pounds to unite the same’ by direct adhesion and
I CERTIFICATE OFICORREC'I'ION. ,
Apr-11' 19, 193a;
I
I
I
I
I
'
scones
SCHNEIDER.‘ '
_
I
I
a
I
211; is hereby certified
error appears in the printed specification of the above mnnbered patent requiring correction-‘as follows 1 Page 2,-' second
column, line 5,‘ claim 5, after "consisting" insert the‘ word
V
substantial 1y}
and 1.11156, .sax'net claim, for "containing? read consisting of;' and that the
‘said- Letters? that "should. be 5m with (this correctiontherein that the'
same may. conform toithe' record’ of‘v the case in the I. ‘Patent Off‘ic el .‘
v
'
Signed and sealed this 28th day" of‘ June, A_.\DI. \1958- .. _ ' '
Henry Van Arctic-1Q _
' (seal);
'
acting commissioner of Parental‘:
2 1
'
2,114,820
prising butyl acetate, that has substantially no
solvent action on such cellulose acetate.
The lacquer or adhesive may be sprayed, brush:
ed or smeared upon either the fabric or the form
ed layer material such as foil and sheeting. The
lacquers may be applied to the material from
solutions of any ., degree of viscosity depending
upon the mode of application.
_
I
’
The fabric and foil alternatively may be caused
10 to adhere by interposing between them .a Ithin
.
coalescence, while maintaining the fabric char
acter of the base;
I
3. Method of producing a waterproof textile
fabric, which comprises interposing a film or foil
consisting of cellulose acetate between two layers
of fabric containing yarns of cellulose, acetate and
subjecting the assembly to a temperature of about
95° C.' and a pressure of" about 150 pounds to
unite the same by direct adhesion and coales
cence, while maintaining the fabric character of
layer of powder comprising an organic derivative the outer layers. 1
of cellulose and plasticizer in intimate admixture
4. Method of producing a waterproof textile
and applying heat and pressure to the assembly. fabric, which comprises interposing‘a fabric con
For the purpose of maintaining a cloth-like sisting of yarns-of cellulose acetate between two »
15 feel to both sides of the product the moisture
layers of film or foil consisting substantially of
proo?ng foil or sheet may be sandwiched between cellulose acetate and subjecting the assemby to 15
two layers of fabric. However, even in the case ' a temperature of about 95° C.‘ and a pressure of
.where the foil or sheet is exposed to view, the
‘texture of the‘ cloth shows throughv giving the
about 150 pounds to’ unite the same by direct ad
20 appearance of cloth ‘slightly glazed and does not ' hesion and coalescence, while maintaining the
fabric character of the intermediate layer,
20'
- appear as a laminated fabric.
When using foil
‘5. Method of waterproo?ng a‘ textile fabric
and welding the fabric thereto by pressure, the consisting of yarns of organicderivatives of cellu
foil is embossed ‘with the pattern of the fabric lose, which comprises superposing on said fabric
structure, so that the‘ appearance of the assembly‘ a ?lm or foil consisting substantially of an or
25 of being a laminated fabric is diminished.
ganic derivative of cellulose and a plasticizer
For the purpose ofproduciirgr a textile fabric therefor and subjecting the assembly to a tem
appearing materialthat is proofed on both sides perature of about 95° C. and a pressure of about
the textile fabric may/besandwiched between 150. pounds to unite the same by direct adhesion
two layers of foil or sheeting. This structure then and ‘coalescence, 'while maintaining the fabric‘
30 consists of a baseof sheetm'aterial that-may be
character'of- the base.
'
'
readily cemented to wood, enamelware, etc. a top0
6. Method of waterproofing a textile fabric con
of sheet material that may be washed easily'and Isisting of yarns of cellulose acetate, which coma central sheet thatimparts .a fabric-like ap
pearance to the assembly.
'
'
,
I
-
Having described'my invention, ‘what I'desire
to secure by Letters Patent is:
' .1. Method of waterproo?ng ‘ a textile fabric
consisting of yarns of organic derivativesof cellu
lose, which comprises superposing on said fabric
a film or foil consisting substantially of an or
ganic, derivative of-cellulose and subjecting the
25
.
30
7
‘prises superposing on said fabric a ?lm 'or foil
consisting substantiallyof cellulose acetate and
a plasticizer therefor and subjecting the assem
bly to atemperature of about 95° C. and a pres-
.35
sure of about 150 pounds'to unite the same by -
direct adhesion and coalescence,~ while main
taining the fabric character of the base. '
_ , I
7. Method of waterproofing a textile fabric con‘ 40
sisting of yarns of cellulose acetate, which com
assembly to a temperature of about 95° C..and'a prises superposing .on said fabric a film or foil
pressure ofabout 150 pounds to unite-the same by consisting- substantially-of cellulose acetate and
direct adhesion and coalescence. while maintain _ a plasticizer therefor,~which
plasticizer is a sol-I,
45 ing the fabric character of the base.
vent for the cellulose acetate at elevated tempera; 45
2. Method of waterproo?ng a textile fabric tures,iand
subjecting the assembly to a,Itempera-’
consisting of yarns of cellulose acetate, which ture of about
95°‘ C. and a pressure. of ‘about 150
comprises superposlng on said fabric a,‘ ?lm or
to unite the same by direct adhesion and
foil consisting substantially of cellulose acetate pounds
coalescence, while maintaining the fabric char- I
so and subjecting, the assembly to a temperature aoter of the base. "
50.
' of about 95“ C. and a pressure of about 150-
GEORGE SCHNEIDER.
pounds to unite the same’ by direct adhesion and
I CERTIFICATE OFICORREC'I'ION. ,
Apr-11' 19, 193a;
I
I
I
I
I
'
scones
SCHNEIDER.‘ '
_
I
I
a
I
211; is hereby certified
error appears in the printed specification of the above mnnbered patent requiring correction-‘as follows 1 Page 2,-' second
column, line 5,‘ claim 5, after "consisting" insert the‘ word
V
substantial 1y}
and 1.11156, .sax'net claim, for "containing? read consisting of;' and that the
‘said- Letters? that "should. be 5m with (this correctiontherein that the'
same may. conform toithe' record’ of‘v the case in the I. ‘Patent Off‘ic el .‘
v
'
Signed and sealed this 28th day" of‘ June, A_.\DI. \1958- .. _ ' '
Henry Van Arctic-1Q _
' (seal);
'
acting commissioner of Parental‘:
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