Патент USA US2114355код для вставки
April 19, 1938. , ' F, A, RAY ~ BUCKLE Filed Oct. 28, 1936 2,114,355 , ' Patented Apr. 19, 1938 '2,114,355 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,114,355 BUCKLE Frederick A. Ray, West Hollywood, Calif. Application October 28, 1936, serial No. 197,969 10 Claims. (ol. 24-173) My invention relates to a buckle of the par ticular type generally used in connection with belts, harness straps and the like, and the princi pal object of my invention is, to provide a. rela tively simple, strong, efûcient and compact buckle, Fig. 11 is a horizontal section taken approxi mately on the line II-II of Fig. 10. Referring by numerals to the accompanying drawing, and particularly to the form of buckle illustrated in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, I0 designates a plate'that is preferably formed of metal and that is inexpensive of manufacture, presents a neat and finished appearance, and the parts 0f substantially rectangular in form, and depend which buckle are capable of being easily and ing from the sides of this plate are narrow walls quickly connected and disconnected. ‘ I I. Formed integral with the lower edges of these A further object of my invention, is to pro 10 side walls at one end thereof, are inwardly pre vide a buckle of vthe type having a body formed sented lips I2 which occupy positions substantially 10 in two parts, one of which carries a ñxed stud or studs that engage in apertures formed in the belt or strap to which the buckle is applied, and the 15 stud-carrying body member being retained in its belt-engaging position by the other body member of the belt which overlies a portion of the stud carrying member and the natural pull or strains on the belt or strap tending to maintain the parti 20 tion of the buckle in properly connected rela tion. A further object of my invention, is to provide a buckle of the character referred to, that is very compact so that very little width and thickness is 25 added to the over-all dimensions of the belt o strap to which the buckle is applied. ‘ With the foregoing and other objects in view my invention consists in certain novel features of construction and arrangements of parts that will 30 be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:v ` in accordance with my invention, and showing the 35 same applied to the end portions of a belt or strap. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section taken on the line 2_2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross-section taken on the l Fig. 4 is a cross-section taken on the line 4_ of Fig. 1. - Fig. 5 is a horizontal section taken approxi mately on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2. Fig. 6 is a plan View of a modified form of the 45 buckle. Fig. 7 is a longitudinal section taken on the line '1_-'I of Fig. 6.l ' Fig. 8 is a horizontal section. taken approxi mately on the line 8-8 of Fig. '7. 50 Fig. 9 is a plan view of a further modified form of the buckle of the type wherein one of the parts of the buckle body carries a plurality of strap engaging studs. - Fig. 10 is a longitudinal section taken on the line ist> Ill-I0 of Fig. 9, At the opposite end of plate I0, a transverse por tion is depressed so as to form a lip I3 that occupies a plane just below that occupied by the main body 15 portion of y plate I0, and secured to and depending from this depressed lip, are oneor more strap engaging studs I4. . Adapted to overlie the depressed lip I3, is a strap I5' preferably formed of metal, the length 20 of which is substantially equal to the width of plate IIJ, and at the ends of said strap I5, portions thereof are extended downwardly, as designated by I6, which parts are in `alignment with the dependingside walls II of plate I0 and from the 25 lower ends of said depending portions I6, the end portions of the metal vstrap forming the overlying member I5 and end walls I6 are extended in wardly to form lips I1 that are arranged parallel with and spaced apart from the end portions of 30 the overlying member I5. - Fig. 1 is a plan view of a buckle constructed line 3--3 of Fig. 1. parallel with and a short distance below the cor responding end portion of the plate I0. „ - When the two parts of the buckle are properly assembled to close or secure the buckle, strap I5 overlies the depressed end portion I3 of plate I0. The intermediate portion of a piece of thin 35 resilient metal that is folded double, lies immedi ately above and below the lips I2, as designated by I8, and the doubled portions of this piece of metal are secured to each other at points adjacent those 40 portions that overlie the lips I2 by suitable fas tening means, such as rivets I9. > ì The intermediate portions of the two thick nesses of resilient metal that overlie the ears I2 are cut away so as to form at the sides of the 45 resilient member, pairs of arms 20 that are dis posed lengthwise of the buckle at the sides there of, said arms being positioned above and below the inwardly projecting ears I'I and extending a short distance beyond said ears, and the ends 50 of these arms are connected by integral cross l >members 2l. Inasmuch as the metal from which the parts I8 and 20 are formed is resilient, the pairs of arms 2U which extend above and below the inwardly 65 2 2,114,355 presented lips I1 will yleldingly resist any tend end members 21, and projecting at right angles ency of said lips to tilt or swing so as to sepa inwardly toward each other from the lower ends rate of said end members 21 are ears 28. the members comprising the resilient Depending from the ends of plate 24 are end arms 20. When this form of buckle is secured to a strap, one end of the latter is formed into a loop 22 that passes around the transverse end members 2| that connect the ends of the resilient arms 20, and the free end of said strap is secured to= the body of the strap in any suitable manner, pref erably by means of one or more rivets such as R. walls 29, and projecting at right angles inwardly from the lower portions of these end walls 29 are ears 30. The depressed portion 25 of plate 24 carries one or more studs 3| that are adapted to engage in the perforations of a belt or strap B. A thin plate of resilient metal is bent‘double to 10 form practically identical upper and lower mem When this form of buckle is used on a belt, one bers 32, and positioned between said members end of the latter is connected to the transverse“ adjacent the point where the sheet of metal is members 2 I, and the opposite end portion of the» bent are the ears 28 that project inwardly from 15 belt which is provided with spaced apertures 23, the lower ends of the end walls 21. The ears 30 that project inwardly from the passes beneath the overlying member I5 and the body 20, with the stud I4 positioned in one of the lower ends of the end walls 29 are positioned be tween the layers or parts of the resilient plate, apertures 23. When the buckle is closed the end 'of rstud I4> and formed in the end portions of the members projects entirely through one of the perforations 23 in the end of the belt, and the projecting end of said stud engages against the cross member that connects the ‘endsv of thearms 20 opposite the transverse members 2 I, as illustrated by solid lines in Fig. 2 and by dotted lines in Fig. 5. When the bolt to which my improved buckle is applied, is in service, the pulling strains im pressed on the connected ends of the belt tend to maintain the parts of the buckle in properly con 30 nected relation, for ' the pulling strains irn pressed on’ the resilientY arms 210 are transmittedV to member I5 so as to hold the same firmly in position over'the depressed' portion I3 that car ries-the belt-engaging stud I4, andthe pulling 35 strains impressed on the perforated end portion of the belt directed against the stud I4 main tains the Vdepressedv end portion I3 of plate It beneath the overlying strap I5. 40 > l To disconnect the parts of the buckle, the ends of the strap or belt that are connected by the buckle are drawn toward'each other, so as to move the buckle members I0 and I5 away from each other, and when member VI 5 has been moved into-position ïso -as to wholly uncover thev under 45 lying depressed member I3,> the end of plate I 0 carrying said depressed member and the stud |4 is swung upward a sufficient distance to disen gage stud I4 from the aperture 23v> in which it was engaged. 50 v f During this swinging or tilting movement of member IIl, the ears I2 ’disposed between the pairs of resilient legs 20 function as an axis on >which member I0 moves'an'd the members of the pairs of resilient legs 2|) are yieldingly forced apart vto 55 accommodate the movement of the ears I2, and after the belt or strap has been disengaged from the stud I4,- the member I0 will be swung toward the'perforated end of the belt by the‘pressure vof' 60 the resilient legs 20 against the ears I2. In order that this form of buckle may present ‘a balanced appearance, the upper' or outer face of plate Ill is` provided with a transverse groove G ‘adjacent theend opposite the end having the depressed lip I3, and thuswhen vthe buckle is 65 properly connected, the front face thereof ' ap* pears as a rectangular panel with parallel groves disposed adjacent the ends ofthe buckle body. - In the modified form' of buckle illustrated in Figs. 6 to 8 inclusive, Ythe main body'portion of 70 the buckle comprises a plate 24, one side edge of ‘ which is slightly depressed, asA designated by 25, " and adapted to overlie this depressed portion 25' is a plate 26‘that is approximately equal in length to the length of plate 24. Depending from the ends‘of rplate 26 are short 75 32^beyond the ears 30 are coinciding apertures 33. 20 The'transverse members 34 at v`the outer end of. aperture 33 combine ‘to forma cross-bar or the like, around'which is looped one end 'of the belt or'strap B and the portions thereof adjacent this cross-bar being united in- any suitable manner; 25 for instance, by a rivet or rivets or by a transverse row of stitches. ` Formed in the upper one 'of'the members 32 adjacent the end where'the >same is bent, is a longitudinally disposed slot 35‘for the accommo 30 dation of the 'lower'end'of'stud 3|" when the buckle is closedjsee Fig. 7. K Where this form of buckle is used, the pulling strains impressed ‘upon Athe connected parts of the belt or strap tend to hold theparts of the 35 buckle in assembled relation an’d’with plate 26 overlying the depressed portion 25'of plate 24,> so as to hold the parts ofthe buckle together and with the stud 3| in'one ofthe apertures‘of the . belt or strap. To ldisconnect this form of buckle, the con nected ends of the belt or strap are moved toward each other, k‘thereby moving the parts of the buckle away from'each >other oruntil the de pressed portion 25 of plate 24`is free from over-> 45 lying plate 26, and under such‘conditions the de pressed end of plate 24 may be swung away` from the perforated portion of-the belt or strap so as to disengage the stud'3I from> >the aperture'in whichv it has been positioned.V 1 During >this swinging-movement of the buckle member carrying stud 3|, the ears 30 positioned between the sidesof the- resilient members 32 function as an axis, and lafter the <belt or strap has been disengaged from'the stud-'2 I, the pres sure of the resilient members- 32 on the interposed ears 30 acts to return the buckle member’carry ing the stud> 3| to its normal position. The modiñed construction illustrated in Figs. 9, 10 and 1l isv embodied in the-larger sizeof buckles or those intended for use in connectiony with harnes’s'or for'lequip'menthaving compara tively large and heavy straps.' This form4 of buckle comprises a loop having an»y upper or outer plate 36 and a lower or inner plate 31, the'latter being' slightly wider i than' ‘ thev Vplate 36. Associated with this loop is a buckle mem ber comprising an‘upper or outer plate 38, one side portion of which is depressed to form a lip 39," which when the'parts lof _the‘buckle are con nected, lies beneath the plate 36 >of the loop'. Y Seated "in and‘ldepending'fromï underlying lip 39 are'tWo or more studs 4I) that‘are Vadapted to engage "in tapertures 44I I"that" are» formed -in ^ a strap s that passes through the-buckle*imme-` a 3 2,114,355-, diately beneath the plate 138 andI its depressed lip 39. " ' Depending from the ends of the plate 38 are end members 42, and connecting the lower ends of these end members is a transverse bar »43 that normally occupies a position directly in front of plate 31. Arranged beneath the plates 31'in any suitable manner, preferably by means-:ofA a rivet 44, is a centrally arranged strip 45 of vresilient metal which projects a short distance lbeyond strap or plate 43 and the end of said strap 45 terminating in a hook 46. One end of. a resilient metal strip 41, which overlies plate 43, is secured to plate 31 by the rivet 44, and the free end of this strip 41 terminates adjacent the hook 46 on strip 45. Thus the transverse plate or strap 43 is positioned to move freely between the re silient strips 45 and 41 and said strips function as springs, and yieldingly resist any tendency of 20 the strap or plate 43 to tilt in either direction. Overlying and underlying the plates 31 and 43 and the resilient strips 45 and 41 that are carried by plate 31, are the ends of straps fr, the ends of which are suitably secured to each other at a 25 point just beyond the outer edge of plate 31, and which securing means may be rivets or a trans-k verse row of stitching as illustrated in Figs. l0 and 11. In this form of buckle, the pulling strains im pressed o-n the straps s and :c tend to hold the parts of the buckle in assembled relation and with the plate 36 overlying the lip 39 and the lat ter carrying the studs 40 that engage in the apertures of strap s. To disconnect this form of buckle, the con nected ends of the straps s and a: are moved to ward each other for a short distance or until lip 39 has been disengaged from its position beneath plate 36, and the plate 38 carrying the lip may 40 now be swung upward so as to disengage the studs 40 from the apertures 4I in which they have been engaged, and this movement of plate 38 is yield ingly resisted by the resilient strips 45 and 41, between which the strap or plate 43 is positioned. After the strap s has been disengaged from the 45 buckle, the pressure of the resilient strips 45 and 41 on strap or plate 43 acts to swings the parts 38 and 39 of the buckle back to their normal positions. inclusive; the endv of ‘the `stud-3l that projects through> the perforation in the strap bears against the end of the slot 35 in the upper end of mem bers 32 , thus transmitting all pullinglstrains on the strapto the body 24 of the buckle and the plates 32.` ' n; ~ .-' i . In my improved buckle the stud or ystuds tha engage in the -perforations of the belt or' strap project through the latter at right 'angles and thus the strapor'belt is‘engaged and held in a practically straight line, particularly at the point of application of strains and stresses, without marring or bendingthe leather at the point of connection, and as the body of the buckle com prises two cooperating transverse loops that vpass around the belt or strap at >the point of appli- -. cation of strains, the _belt or strap is protected from spreading and bulging'at the point of con-~ nection. - . . ' i ' » Obviously, my improved buckle may be advan 20,. tageously employed wherever it is desired to de tachably connect or unite two straps or the ends. of a single strap, such as a belt, and in addition' to presenting a neat and finished appearance the buckle provides an exceptionally strong, dur 25...’ able, eiiicient and easily manipulated connection for all straps, belts and the like. It will beunderstood that minor changes in' the size, form and construction of the Various parts of my improved buckle kmay be made and 30', substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of my inven tion, the scope of >which is set forth in the ap pended claims. - « l I claim as my invention: l ' 3.59. l. In a buck1e„a pair of cooperating body members adapted, when engaged with one’ anl other, to receive a strap, a strap-engaging stud carried by one of said body members, a pair of resilient members secured to and projecting from 40 the lower portion of the other one of said body members and means secured to the stud-carry ing body member and passing between said re silient members to form a sliding fulcrum for said stud-carrying body member when the lat 45 ter is disengaged from the other body member. 2. In a buckle, a pair of cooperating body members adapted, when engaged with one an is closed so as to secure the ends of a belt or other, to receive a strap, a strap-engaging stud carried by one of said members, a pair of re 50 silient members secured to and projecting from the lower portion of the other one of said body members, means secured to the stud-carrying body member and passing between said resilient members to form a sliding fulcrum for said stud 55 carrying body member when the latter is dis engaged from the other body member and a strap, all pulling strains tending to separate the portion of which stud-carrying body member connected ends of the belt or strap are utilized 60 for holding the parts of the buckle in proper as underlies a portion of said second mentioned 50 Thus it will be seen that I have provided a buckle'that is relatively simple in construction, inexpensive of manufacture and very effective in performing the functions for which it is intended. The buckle is very compact, and therefore adds 55 very little to the thickness of the strap or straps with which it is associated, and when the buckle sembled relation, thus making it impossible for the parts of the buckle to become separated while body member when the parts of the buckle are 60 properly connected. 3. In a buckle, a pair of cooperating body the connected ends of the belt or strap are under members having releasably interengaging parts pulling strains. and adapted when connected to receive a strap, resilient members secured to and projecting from 65 one of said body members, means projecting from the other body member and passing be tween said resilient members and a strap-engag In the construction illustrated in Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive, the lower end of the stud i4, when the buckle is closed, engages against the cross mem ber that connects the ends of the resilient arms 20 opposite the transverse arms 2 l, and thus both 70 ends of the stud have ñrm rigid bearings that transmit all pulling strains of the perforated end of the belt or strap to the plate I0 and the doubled member I8 that provides the resilient arms 28 and which is connected to plate I0. 75 In the construction illustrated in Figs. 6 to 8 65 ing stud carried by the sliding and swinging body member. 70 4. In a buckle, a pair of cooperating body members having releasably interengaging parts and adapted when connected to receive a strap, resilient members secured to and projecting from one of said body members, means projecting from 75 the other body member and passing between' said' resilient members vand a portion of one of 'which' body members underlies a portion of the, other body member when the parts of the buckle are î closed and in engagement with a strap. 5. In a buckle, the combination with a belt receiving loop and a pair of substantially paral lel' resilient members secured to and‘projecting from a portion of said loop, of a buckle member 10! mounted for sliding andftilting `movement upon said resilient members and having a'portion that is adapted to underlie a portion of said loop when the parts of the buckle are in closed position. 6. In a'buckle, the combination> with a belt 15” receiving loop and avpair of vsubstantially paral lel‘resilient members secured to and projecting from‘a portion of‘said loop', of a buckle member mounted for'sliding and Ytilting movement upon said resilient members, having a portion that is adapted to underlie a portion of said loop when the parts of the buckle lare in closed position and a belteengaging'stud carried by the'r underlying portion of said sliding and tilting buckle body 25 :i member. '7. In a buckle, the combination :with a belt receiving loop and a pair of substantially paral lel resilient members secured torand> projecting from a‘portion of said loop, of a'buckle member mounted for sliding and tilting movementupon30 vvsaid resilient members,` having a portion that is adapted to underlie a portion of said loop when' 8. Ina buckle, a `pair of cooperating body members adapted to receive a strap, resilient members secured to and projecting from one of said> body members and» engaging a part of the other body member to form a sliding fulcrum between said-members, a strap engaging stud projecting at right angles from one of said body members, the end of which stud is adapted to engage one of said resilient members when the buckle is closed, and a portion of the body mem 10 ber that carries said stud occupying a position beneath the other body member When the buckle is closed. 9. In a buckle,- a pair of cooperating body members adapted to receive a strap, resilient 15 members secured to and projecting from one of said body members and engaging a part of the other body member to form a sliding fulcrum between saidmembers, a strap engaging stud projecting at right angles from one of said body 20 members, the end of which stud is adapted to engage one of said resilient members when the buckle is closed, a portion of the body member that carries said stud occupyinga position be neath the other body member when the buckle 25 is closed, and said resilient members being pro vided With openings for the reception of a strap or the like. 10. In a buckle, a pair of cooperating body members having releasably interengaging parts 30 the parts of the buckle are‘in closed'position, a and adapted, when connected, to receive a strap, resilient members'secured-to and projecting from belt-engaging stud carried by the underlying por tion of said sliding and tilting buckle body mem ber and said resilient members 'being provided withv openings for the reception of 'a strap or the like.- from the other body member and extending be tween said resilient members to form a sliding 35 fulcrum between said members. one of said body members and means projecting FREDERICK A. RAY.