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Патент USA US2114435

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April 19, 1938.
B. sPlTz
2,114,435 '
Filed Jan. 25, 1956
2v Sheets-Sheet 1
"J W,‘
April 19, 1938.
Filed Jan. 23, 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Apr. 19, 1938
Benjamin Spitz, New York, N. Y., assignor to
Standard Hat Leather 00. 1110., New York,
N. Y., a corporation of New York
Application January 23, 1936, Serial No. 60,442
9 Claims.
My invention relates to a method of orna
menting strips of workable material and an ap
paratus therefor, and has for its principal ob
ject the provision of a method and apparatus
5 whereby said strips may be ornamented quickly,
easily and positively.
Strips of workable material, for the purposes
of my invention, may be ?at lengths of leather,
composition material, fabric or the like. For
purposes of convenience, I will describe my in
vention as applied to a method for and apparatus
for treating leather bands, such as inner hat
bands, or sweat bands, although as is obvious,
my invention has innumerable applications.
In the drawings annexed hereto and made a
part hereof:
Figure l is a side view of one form of device
constructed according to and embodying my in
vention, partly in section;
Fig. 2 is an end View thereof.
Fig. 3 is a plan View of a blank for an inner
hat band, showing one form of the surface deco
rative e?ect.
Fig. 4 is a plan view of another blank, show
ing a different surface decorative effect.
Figs. 5 and 6 are similar views of inner hat
bands, showing different decorative effects, ob
tained by a rolling action produced against the
leather hat band and strip foil.
Referring to the drawings which illustrate the
invention, 5 designates the base frame support of
the machine, on which the frame head 6 is
mounted, as by means of screws 1.
A main driving shaft 8 is journaled to rotate
35 on the frame head or base portion 6, and is
equipped on one end with the large pulley wheel
9, and on the other end is equipped with a roller
II), which is formed with the necessary engraved
surface for producing the desired decorative ef
40 fects.
This roller is mounted on the main shaft
to turn with the shaft, and its surface is suitably
hardened and provided with any desired design so
that it will produce the required effects on the
leather hat bands. Roller It) can be taken down
from shaft 8, and replaced by another roller with
a different design, as desired.
The roller I0 is heated by means of a circular
heating unit H, which encircles the main shaft,
but is keyed against rotation therewith. This
50 unit is stationary and is supplied with electrical
current through the feed wires l2. To prevent
rotation of the heating unit a set screw I3 is
threaded through the bearing I4 against the hub
I5 of the unit.
55. .
A hardened and ground pressure roller I6 is
(Cl. 41-7)
arranged above the engraved roller l0 upon the
driven shaft | 1, which is journaled to turn in the
opposing bearings l8 and |9 of the pressure head
20. This pressure head is secured to a vertical
shaft 2|, which works in the vertical slide bear
ing 22 of the stationary head 23, carried by the
horizontal arm 24 of the frame, by means of the
horizontal shaft or bar 25, which is clamped in
place in the split bearing or sleeve 26 of the frame
head 23.
The vertical shaft 2| is equipped with a collar
or nut 26a, threaded thereon, which is engaged
by the coil spring 21, the upper end of which
engages the collar 28 of the screw shaft 29, which
is screw threaded in the stationary head 23. Lock 157
nuts 30 and 3| are arranged on this screw and
are threaded against the head 23 and against
each other to- hold the screw shaft 29 against ac
cidental turning.
The coil spring 21 serves to
maintain pressure on the pressure roller
l6 20
through shaft 2|.
The shaft | 1 of the pressure roller I6 is equipped
on one end with a clutch disc or collar 32, which
has ?oating or differential engagement with the
clutch disc or collar 33, which is mounted on the 25
inner end of the horizontal shaft 34, which is
journaled in the bearing 35, and provided on its
outer end with the spur or other gear 36. This
gear 36 is engaged and driven by the gear 31 on
the main shaft, so that ultimately through the 30
clutch arrangement the upper surface of the en
graved roller and the lower surface of the pres
sure roller will turn in the same direction.
Due to the slipping action of the clutch ele
ment 32 on the clutch element 33, the shaft l1 35
will be under driven engagement at all times with
the driving shaft 34, and may yield vertically in
both directions to accommodate Variations in the
thickness of the leather bands. It will be noted
that there is one main drive-shaft 8, which, in 40'
turn, drives shaft 34, and through shaft 34 actu
ates shaft l1, the latter two shafts being driven
with respect to and by shaft 8, and shaft l1 being
driven with respect to and by shaft 34.
The main drive shaft 8 is also equipped with a 45
small pulley 38 at its far end, over which is trained
the flexible leather belt 39, which also engages
the pulley 40 on the driven take-up shaft 4|,
which carries the take-up reel 42. ‘This take-up
shaft is supported for rotation on the horizontal 50
bearing bracket 43, which is attached to the side
of the frame head 6. Cooperating clutch faces 44
and 45 are provided between the pulley 40 and -
the bracket bearing 46, and the pulley 40 is en
gaged by a coil spring 41, designated to maintain 55
these faces in frictional driving engagement with
each other, so that power. will be transmitted
from the main shaft to rotate take-up reel 42.
A feed table 48 is mounted on one side of the
machine, and this is equipped with a pressure foot
49, which is held downwardly by means of the
spring 50. Below this table the feed reel 5| is
mounted to turn on the shaft 52, which is jour
naled on the bracket bar 43.
A strip of metal or other foil 53 is wound on
the feed reel and passes over the engraved roller
and under the pressure roller, and is then wound
on the take-up roller or reel, passing under the
stationary stripper plate 54, mounted on the op
15 posite side of the machine.
In operation, the ?exible leather hat band to be
treated is placed against the table and pushed
under the pressure foot 49 and over the foil strip
53, with the ?nished side of the leather band
20 placed down against the foil strip, so that the
high spots of the lower or engraved roller will
press portions of the foil against the leather, and
due to the action of the heat transferred to the
engraved roller by the stationary electrical heat
25 er unit, the detached portions of the foil will
a main shaft journalled thereon, a roller on said
shaft, a second shaft having a driving connection 10
with said ?rst shaft, and a third shaft having a
driving connection with said second shaft, said
third shaft having a roller thereon, and means to
cause the last mentioned roller to approach and
exert pressure against the roller on the main
2. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1, in which
the ?rst and second shafts are journalled for ro
tation on said frame, and the third shaft has a
movable driving connection with the second shaft.
3. In apparatus of the class described, a frame,
a main shaft mounted for rotation in said frame,
and having a roller mounted thereon for rotation
therewith, a second shaft driven by the ?rst shaft,
a vertically shiftable pressure head carried by 25
be caused to ?rmly adhere to the leather, the
heat being necessary not only to cut out portions
said base, a roller carried by said head, a third
shaft for said last-mentioned roller having a
of the foil from the body thereof, but also to cause
same to adhere ?rmly to the band.
driving connection with the second shaft, and
means for exerting pressure on said pressure head
Various decorative effects, as shown in Figs.
3 to '7, inclusive may be resorted to, if desired.
In Fig. 3 I show a leather band 55 having parallel
and roller.
4. In apparatus of the class described, a frame,
strips or lines 56 and a series of successive circles
shaft, a second shaft driven by said ?rst shaft, a
third shaft driven by said second shaft, said third
shaft having a roller thereon coacting with the 35
51 pressed into the leather and decorated by foil,
35 which may be of any color. In Fig. 4 I show a
a main shaft journalled thereon, a roller on said
leather band 58 having only parallel lines 59
roller on the main shaft, a fourth shaft and a
?nished in foil, pressed into the band. In Fig. 5
take-up reel thereon, said fourth shaft also being
driven by said main shaft.
5. In apparatus of the class described, a frame,
I show a leather band Bil having a single and
wider foil line pressed into the ?nished side of
the leather band, indicated at 6|. In Fig. 6 I
show a leather hat band having a series of suc
cessive decorative characters 62 pressed into the
surface of the band 63.
All of these decorative effects make the ?nished
45 hat more attractive to the customer, and also
provide means for more readily identifying a hat,
When the same is hung in a public place with a
large number of other hats.
The process of producing the various decora
tive effects by rolling action developed on the
leather band between a heated engraved roller
and a pressure roller, permits of rapid and
economical manufacture, with a minimum of skill
and expense, and can be carried out with mecha
55 nism which is relatively simple once the princi
ples of construction and operation are under
The process can be carried out with inner hat
bands of different lengths, and in fact the length
of the inner hat band in no way limits the use
of the process. Hat bands can be fed to the
machine, one after the other, regardless of the
differences of widths, thickness, or lengths, and
the ornamental effects can be produced without
used up, and then reversing the reels with ref
erence to the machine, so that the other half of
the foil strip is used up. This permits of con
tinuous operation of the machine and process,
so that a large production is obtained.
Having now described my invention, what I
claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In apparatus of the class described, a frame,
By engraving the rollers with the name of the
hat manufacturer, the manufacturer’s imprint
can be rolled upon the ?nished surfaces of the
leather, and any other special ornamentation
can be thus produced.
The capacity of the machine is limited only by
the length of the foil strip, which may be several
hundred feet in length, or more. By using a foil
strip wider than actually required it is possible to
75 run the foil strip so that one half of the same is
a main shaft mounted for rotation in said frame
and having a roller mounted thereon, a second
shaft driven by said ?rst shaft, a vertically shift
able pressure head, a roller carried by said head,
a shaft for said roller mounted within said head,
and having a vertically movable driving con
nection with said second shaft.
6. In apparatus of the class described, a frame,
a main shaft mounted for rotation in said frame,
a roller mounted on said main shaft, a second
shaft driven by said main shaft, a pressure head
carried by said frame, a rod slidably mounted
thereon, a third shaft carried by said rod, and a
roller mounted on said third shaft, movement of
the rod causing corresponding movement of the 55
rollers towards and from each other.
'7. Apparatus as claimed in claim 6, in which
the roller on the main shaft is fastened thereto
and the rod is provided with spring means to
cause the roller carried by the rod to approach 60
and exert a resilient pressure on said ?rst re
ferred-to roller.
8. An apparatus for decorating strips of work
able material, consisting of a frame, a main shaft
journaled on the frame and equipped with an en 65
graved roller, a stationary electrical heater unit
mounted adjacent the roller, a second shaft hav
ing driving connection with the ?rst shaft and
provided with a clutch element thereon, a verti
cally shiftable pressure head, a pressure roller 70
carried by said head, a shaft for said roller having
a clutch element engaging the ?rst clutch ele
ment, means for maintaining pressure on said
pressure head and roller, a feed reel supported on
one side of the machine, a take-up reel supported 75
on the other side of the machine, and means for
driving the take-up reel from the main shaft.
9. The process of decorating a strip of re
silient material which comprises passing the
strip between a pair of rollers, one of which has,
on the periphery thereof, the decorative pattern
to be impressed on the strip, passing a ribbon of
heat releasable material between said strip and
one of said rollers, and subjecting the ribbon
and strip to simultaneous application of heat and
a resilient pressure between the rollers, whereby
the heat releasable material is deposited on and
impressed into the strip in accordance with the
design on the roller periphery.
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