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Патент USA US2114505

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April 19, 1938.
w_ M SCHOLL
ARCH CORRECTIVE SHOE
Filed Jan. 10, 1935
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2,114,505
Patented Apr. 19, 1938
2,114,505
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
‘
2,311,505
ARCH-CORRECTIVE SHOE
‘William M. Scholl, Chicago, Ill.
Application January 10, 1936, Serial No. 58,457
3 Claims.
My invention relates to shoes for foot-correc
tive purposes, and has for its general objects to
provide a novel and desirable shoe-construction
especially suitable for use in the relief of weak
- 5
or fallen arches, and which may be made by an
e?icient and advantageous method.
Sufferers with painful arch-conditions com
monly wear what I may term “stock” arch-sup
ports in “stock” shoes, in seeking relief, and even
ll) where only one foot is so affected it is common
practice to wear such appliances in both shoes,
to avoid the uneven effect or “limp” in walking
that annoyingly results from wearing only one.
One of the more speci?c objects of my invention
l. . (A is to so construct my improved shoes that wearing
of a single arch-support is accommodated with
(Cl. 36—-71)
such shoes, with the appliances in place, not in—
frequently result in conditions that militate se
riously against the user’s comfort; against the
sightly appearance of thev footwear, and even
against best functioning of the appliances to give \
.m
the desired foot-relief; and more specific objects
of my invention are to provide my improved shoes
in a normal condition for sale that makes them
?ttable, regardless of whether or not “stock”
arch-supports are to be worn therein, exactly as
a corresponding-size of “stock” shoes would be;
that gives them advantage in normally affording
a certain amount of arch-supporting effect
which tends to prevent occurrence of arch-trou
bles; and that permits of the substitution, at or
after the time the shoes are purchased, of a
“stock” arch support for the detachable “dummy”
little or no such uneven effect.
By “stock” shoes, as herein referred to, I allude
arch-supportive structure of either or both of the
to ready-made leather ones, internally contoured, normal shoes, with minimal discomfort, shoe
“
for good fit upon a normal foot of the size for
which the shoe’s length and width are indicated
distortion, or other drawbacks.
20
Still another of my more speci?c objects is to
by conventional standards; and what I term
“stock” arch-supports are suitably stiffened or
padded appliances (of which various speci?c con
provide in such shoes a construction that permits
their production on the same lasts that are used
of the heel’s under-surface, and the waist of the
appliance having its inner side widened and
arched upward, conformably with the curvatures
in the making of corresponding sizes and styles
of stock shoes, and that may, if desired, insure :25
that any slight variation in the thickness of indi
vidual dummy arch-supports used in making up
a quantity of the shoes, will not affect the internal
contouring of the ?nished foot-wear.
To these ends, and for attaining other objects
and advantages which will hereinafter become
apparent, my- improved shoes have their founda
tion-structures-—i. e., the permanently-united
of the foot’s longitudinal arch.
structions are commercially available) to be
loosely inserted in the user’s shoes and to be
positioned therein, in use, by coaction with the
shoe and the foot; such an appliance being shaped
in plan outline to underlie the foot’s width from
.,0 a line just back of the ball of the foot to the rear
Such appliances
sole, heel, and upper-normally supplemented by
or $1 commonly run in sizes marked with the stand
ard lengths and widths of corresponding shoe
sizes; but while such “stock” arch-supports are
commonly thinned at the forward edge to meet
the shoe’s insole as smoothly as possible, and
upper surface of which forms part of the normal
interior surface of the shoe that gives the lasted
depth and internal contouring of a standard size
of “stock” shoe; so that, when said dummy is re
40 while the lacing or buttoning arrangement of
moved, the foundation of the shoe affords an in- L
the shoe’s upper will accommodate considerable
variation in the arch-depth of the appliance at
its waist without discomfort or making the shoe
detachable “dummy” arch-supports or lifts, the v‘35
ternal pocket or depression, throughout its heel
and shank portions, wherein a “stock” arch-sup
port may be inserted with but little, if any, unde
unsightly, the heel portion of the appliance, upon
sirable effect on the ?t, the appearance, or the
which its proper positioning in the shoe and its
cooperative relation to the foot quite largely de
pend, is customarily of substantial thickness for
comfort of the foot-wear. And, with respect to
the manufacture of such shoes," the preferred
structure herein set forth lends itself to produc~
requisite stiffness and durability (a thickness of
tion by a novel method that insures that the in
terior contouring of these special shoes of my
about .125 of an inch being a reasonable com
mercial average), so that the wearer’s heel is
lifted in the shoe materially above the level for
which the contouring of the “stock” shoe is in
invention, with the dummy arch-support in place,
will exactly correspond with “stock” shoes of like
tended, with resultant disadvantages.
Further advantages of my invention will here
inafter become apparent from the following de
scription, taken in conjunction with the accom- ;55
Even when “stock” shoes and arch-supports
are simultaneously bought, dif?culties in ?tting
last-sizes.
2.
2,114,505
panying drawing wherein I have shown one de
sirable embodiment of and practice of my inven
tion, including various details from which vari
ation may be made within the scope of the ap
pended claims, but which I have found in practice
to give desirable results.
In the drawing,
Figure 1 is a perspective view showing, in con
ventionalized fashion, a shoe cut away in longitu
dinal section and having a "dummy” arch-sup
port detachably secured in appropriate position
therein; the visible part of said dummy having
fragments broken away;
To give the added depth to the shoe being
made, necessary to accommodate the proper
dummy arch-support, that particular dummy
arch~support which is to constitute a part of the
?nished shoe may be used, or a substantial coun
terpart of it; the appropriate “lasting-dummy”
being tacked to the last and the shoe being lasted
over it.
In practice, the amount of surplus upper-ma
terial that ordinarily is provided before the excess 10
is trimmed away in the manufacturing operation,
is ample to accommodate the deepening of the
permanent body of the shoe sufficiently to provide
Fig. 2 shows in perspective a shoe-last suitable a dummy-receptive space or pocket A-—Al
for use in making the construction shown in Fig. throughout the heel and shank areas of the shoe,
1, in association with a broken-away part of the _ so that, with the dummy in place, the full foot
“dummy”; and
'
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a suitable "dum
my”, detached.
In the drawing, [0 indicates in general the per
manent body or foundation of the shoe, conven
tionalized in the showing of its sole H, shank l2,
heel l3, and upper I4. As a matter of general
styling appropriate for use in foot-relief cases,
25 the laced, oxford type herein shown is desirable,
with the counter portion I 5 of its upper well sock
eted and the top opening l6 of the upper well
narrowed at its back, for snug, clinging engage
ment with the upper curves of the wearer's heel
protuberance.
I8 indicates in general an arch-support “dum
my”, or removable lift, that normally is secured
in place in the shoe body, and the top surfaces of
which form part of the normal interior contour
ing of the merchantable shoe, giving it interiorly
a “stock” shoe shape, substantially duplicating
that of regular “stock” shoes of the same make
and size.
This dummy, I8, simulates a stock arch-support
in plan outline, and the depth or thickness of its
heel portion l9 and the tapered thinning of its
forward edge 20 are in keeping with average
practice in the manufacture of well-known stock
arch-supports; the waist 2! of the dummy being
preferably somewhat thinner than is customary
in "stock” arch-supports for the longitudinal arch
of the foot and being preferably wholly of leather.
A thin body of adhesive, 22, adjacent the forward
edge of the dummy, may be used to secure it
normally to the insole or sole-lining of the shoe,
for easy-enough removal on occasion.
The desirable construction of dummy i8 here
shown comprises a pre-formed leather top piece
24, suitably arched and skived along the inner
side of its waist-portion 2|, and with its heel
portion underlain by a reeriforcing layer 25,
which here is shown as a short metal heel-plate
secured to the top piece by rivets 26. Desirably,
the forward end of this plate has its inner corner
60 slightly arched upwardly, as at 21, this "corner
hump” tending to prevent forward slipping of the
foot in the shoe; to check any tendency of the
wearer to rock to the inner side of the foot in
walking; and to prevent displacement of the
65 scaphoid—just back of which the hump exerts its
slight pressure.
For purposes having to do with a desirable pro
cedure in making the shoes, the plate 25 is pro
vided with a central tacking-opening 28.
In manufacture of my improved shoes, it is
70
desirable to use the same lasts 30 on which stock
shoes are made; the last shown in Fig. 2 being of
‘conventional style having the usual heel-plate 3|
to upset the points of the nails for the shoe
75 heel l3.
reception depth A—B, and the last-contours, of
the affected area are preserved; and a reduction
of height of the shoe-heel I3 is desirably made,
to preserve a total height B-C at the rear of the 20
shoe corresponding with the height of stock-shoe
for which the naked last is designed.
It will be noted that where the identical “dum
my” arch-support that is intended to be incor
porated in the particular shoe being lasted is
utilized as the depth-increasing addendum to the
last, its heel-plate 25 serves as a nailing plate
in the manufacture of the shoe, to upset the
ends of the heel-nails; and that such use of the
identical dummy insures that the internal con 30
tours of the completed shoe Will conform with
great precision to that of a stock shoe made over
the naked last, so that no change from a favored
last and size is needed, on a customer’s ?rst re
quirement for arch supports.
In practice, the wearing of a “stock” arch
support in the pocket A—-A1 that is exposed upon
removal of the “dummy” arch-support, not only
goes very far to avoid discomfort to the wearer
and malformation of the shoe, whether worn in I 10
both shoes or only one; but also it reacts to
further the effectiveness of the corrective ap
pliance itself, particularly by minimizing any
tendency of the loosely-inserted stock appliance
to work away from proper position in the shoe, ‘ a
and by avoiding that slight increase in pitch of
the shank of the wearer’s foot with respect to
the ground which follows from the use of stock
arch-supports in stock shoes.
I claim:
1. An arch-corrective shoe adapted to permit
the wearing, in either of a pair thereof, of a
“stock” arch-support without materially lifting
the affected portions of the user’s foot with re
spect to the shoe-heel and producing a “limp”
effect, comprising a permanent body having an
internal pocket in its heel and shank portions and
local to the area that is designed to underlie the
foot’s width from a line just back of the ball of
the foot to the rear of the heel’s undersurface, 60
deepening said portions by a predetermined
amount in excess of that required for normal
foot-?tting, said pocket depth being throughout
the stated area approximately the depth require—
ment of a “stock” arch-support that has a thinned _
front edge and a thicker heel-portion; and a
“dummy” arch-support normally located in but
removable from said pocket and of shape and
thickness conforming the shoe’s interior depth
and contouring to those which are normal to
foot-?tting, “stock” shoes.
2. An arch-corrective shoe adapted, when worn
in pairs, to receive in either thereof without ma
terially lifting the user’s heel and producing a
“limp” effect, a “stock” arch-support, comprising
2,114,505
a. permanent body having an internal depth in
its portion receptive of the below-mentioned
“dummy” that is greater than required for foot
?tting; and an arch-support “dummy” approxi
mating at its front and rear ends the depth of
average “stock” arch-supports and plan-con
toured to approximately conform to foot-curva
tures and to underlie the foot from just back of
the ball thereof to the rear of the heel, said
10 “dummy” being normally located in and ?lling
said excess-depth space of said shoe body and
detachably secured in place in said body as part
of the merchantable shoe.
3. An arch-corrective shoe. adapted, when worn
15 in pairs, to receive in either thereof without ma
terially lifting the user’s heel and producing a
“limp” effect, a “stock” arch-support, comprising
a. permanent body having an internal depth in
3
its portion receptive of the below-mentioned
“dummy” that is greater than required for foot
?tting; and an arch-support “dummy” approxi
mating at its front and rear ends the depth of
average “stock” arch-supports and plan-con
toured to approximately conform to foot-curva
tures and to underlie the foot from just back of
the ball thereof to the rear of the heel, saida
“dummy” being normally located in and ?lling
said excess-depth space of said shoe body and 10
detachably secured in place in said body as part
of the merchantable shoe, the forward edge of
said “dummy” being skived to merge smoothly
into the permanent sole of the shoe and its heel
portion being approximately .125 of an inch 15
thick.
WILLIAM M. SCHOLL.
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