Патент USA US2114551код для вставки
‘April 19, 1938. ' B. WINDING ' TOILET SILENCER Filed Oct. 5, 1935 ' 2,114,551 ' 2 sheets-sheet 1 1147/, Bead Windmg INVENTOR BYQQM ATTORNEY April 19, 1938. B. WINDING 2,114,551 TOILET SILENCER Filed Oct. 3, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 L BeadINVENTOR Wind 1'n9 ATTORNEY 2,114,55l Patented Apr. 19, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,114,551 TOILET SILENCER. Bess Winding, New York, N. Y. Application October 3, 1935, Serial No. 43,365 401811118. (Cl. 4-237) shown for the purpose of illustrating representa My invention relates to toilet constructions tive types of constructions in accordance with my and particularly to improved seat and cover con structions for toilets which eliminate or reduce the objectionable sounds and odors incidental 5 to the use of toilets and which maintain sani tary and healthful conditions in and about the invention. In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view through a seat and cover and the rim of a toilet bowl il lustrating one typical form of my invention. Fig. 2 is a view looking upwardly at the under same. In my Patent No. 2,016,412, dated October 8, ' side of the seat and cover of Fig. 1, taken on the 1935, I have described a form of pad adapted line 2-2 thereof. 10 10 to be applied to a toilet between the rim of the Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view of a portion of bowl ‘and the seat to seal the space between the the seat construction shown in Fig. 1 with part same and to silence the noise of ?ushing the broken away. . toilet or dropping the seat. The device also thereof Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view through the embodies means to disinfect or deodorize the seat of Fig. 2 taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3. [5 toilet and the room in which it is located. Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 looking up ‘I have now devised improved constructions for wardly at the cover of the construction illus similar use which may embody certain features in Fig. 1. of the invention of said patent together with trated Fig. 6 is a view of a seat similar to that of other elements or which may be of wholly dif Figs. 1 and 2 having an alternative form of de ” ferent form and construction, Thus, the pres odorant receiving means therein. ent invention contemplates the use of sealing Fig. '1 illustrates a further alternative form of and sound insulating means not only between sealing and deodorant receiving means embody— the seat and the bowl but also between the cover ing my invention. and the seat so as to completely enclose and seal Fig. 8 is a sectional view of the construction 25 the toilet bowl and prevent the escape of sounds of Fig. '1 illustrating details thereof. and odors therefrom. This result may be at Fig. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional tained by the use of sealing members adapted view of the form of sealing means, shown in Fig. to be applied to and removable from the seat 8, shown as applied to a toilet seat. ‘ and cover. The application of disinfecting and Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional deodorizing means to the toilet is also improved 30 to permit the use thereof without impairing the view of the form of sealing means of Fig. 8 as applied to but not let into the seat or cover mem sealing and sound insulating properties of the ber by which it is carried. device and to enable-such materials to be used Figs. 11 and 12 are a plan looking upward in greater amounts and in different forms to lend and a sectional view respectively of another al 35 itself to various applications. One of the objects of my invention is to elimi nate or reduce the sounds and odors incident to the use of toilets. _ = Another object of my invention is to provide 40 an attachment for toilet seats and covers which completely seals the toilet bowl and eliminates such sounds and odors. Afurther object of my invention is to provide a sound insulating and sound deadening seal 45 between the seat and cover of a toilet as well as to seal the space between the bowl and the seat. ' Another object of the invention is to disin feet and deodorize toilets and/or the rooms in 50 which they are located. . These and other objects and features of my invention will appear from the following de scription thereof in which reference is made to the accompanying figures of the drawings where 55 in typical embodiments of my invention are ternative construction embodying my invention as applied to a seat cover. . Fig. 13 is a fragmentary view of the construc tion of Figs. 11 and 12 as seen from the side. In that form of my invention selected for 40 purposes of illustration in Figs. 1 to 5 of the drawings, the invention embodies a toilet seat 2 and cover 4 which may be of any suitable or usual construction and formed of wood, hard rubber, composition material or the like, as de 45 sired. The seat and cover are secured in posi tion on a toilet bowl 6 by means of hinge merm bers 8 bolted to the rear of the bowl or other wise attached thereto. A sealing and sound insulating member I0 is 50 positioned between the rim of the bowl 6 and the cover 2 to completely close the space nor mally provided between the same and as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 the member Ill extends about the entire rim oi’ the bowl so that odors cannot 55 2,114,051 ' escape and sounds are muilled or deadened. In sealing member so that odors and sound are pre like manner, a sealing member I2 is located be tween the seat 2 and the cover 4 sealing the vented from issuing from the interior. space between these members so as to provide a completely enclosed and sealed sound proof toilet from which objectionable sounds and odors cannot escape. The sealing members l0 and I2 may be formed of any suitable sound insulating and sealing ma 10 terial but are preferably resilient and yielding and may be formed of soft rubber such as sponge rubber or may be formed partly of rubber and partly of other material or of soft and hard rub ber or of any other composition and in any form 15 adapted to provide a sound proof and odorless construction. The member "I may be secured to either the rim of the toilet bowl 6 or to the lower face of the seat and presents a continuous surface l4 for engagement with the opposing face of the seat or bowl. The surface I4 is prefer ably smooth and ?at or otherwise formed to en gage the opposing surface and provide a contin uous seal. As shown in Fig. 2, the sealing mem ber I0 is carried by the seat on the lower face thereof and the surface i4 engages the upper face of the rim of the bowl 6. While the mem bers l0 and 12 are illustrated as formed as con tinuous members, they may if desired be formed in several pieces, as shown in Fig. 2, constructed and positioned to form a continuous surface when in use and under compression due to the weight of a person using the seat. The member i2 is preferably carried by the lower face of the seat cover and extends about the rim thereof as shown in Fig. 5 in position to engage the upper face of the seat. The exposed face l6 of the sealing member l2 may be smooth and flat as illustrated or may be shaped to con form to the upper surface of the seat or may be otherwise formed to provide a complete seal be tween the seat and cover when the cover is low ered as shown in Fig. 1. The sealing members I0 and i2 may be applied to the seat and cover by means of an adhesive or other suitable attaching means. Ordinarily the rear of a conventional toilet seat is spaced a greater distance from the rim of the bowl than the front thereof and therefore it will frequently be desirable to form the sealing 50 member so that it is thicker at the back than at the front. Similarly it may be desirable to form the sealing member l2 between the seat and the cover so that it will be thicker at the rear than at the front or so that it will conform to the upper surface of the seat. In order that the toilet may be maintained in a sanitary and healthful condition and free from objectionable odors atall times, I provide either the seat or the cover or both with disinfecting 60 and deodorizing means which may be carried by the seat or cover itself but preferably are car ried by the sealing members as an element there of or are positioned between the sealing mem . As shown in Figs. 1 and 5 the sealing member l2 carried by the cover 4 is similarly constructed with recesses 20 for the reception of disinfecting 5 material to aid in maintaining a sanitary and wholesome condition in the interior of the toilet bowl. In the construction of Fig. 6 I have illustrated a modified form of deodorant receiving means in 10 the form of recesses 22 which are open to the exterior of the toilet bowl and serve to maintain a supply of disinfecting and deodorizing material for destroying odors in the room in which the toilet is located and about the same. These re 15 cesses may be formed or provided in the sealing member between either the bowl and the ‘seat or between the seat and the cover or in both loca tions and, as shown in Fig. 6, they may be used in conjunction with similar deodorant receiving 20 means 24 communicating with the interior of the toilet bowl. With the construction described a very effec tive seal is provided for completely enclosing the interior of the toilet bowl so that noises incident 25 to flushing the toilet are substantially eliminated, objectionable odors do not escape from the bowl and the space both within and about the toilet is maintained healthful and sanitary. Referring to Figs; 7 and 8 of the drawings I 30 have illustrated an alternative type of sealing means in the form of a tubular member 26 ex tending about the rim of the seat cover 2‘! in position to engage the upper surface of the seat and seal the space between the seat and cover. 35 The member 26 may if desired be set into a re cess formed in the cover as shown. The sealing‘member in this construction pref erably is hollow and formed to receive a deodor ant which may conveniently be in powdered or granular form. A “suitable opening such as the slot 26 is formed in the member 26 near the front of the cover and apertures or holes 30 are pro vided in that portion of the member 26 near the rear of the cover. The apertures 30 communi 45 cate with the interior of the toilet bowl to permit the escape of fumes from the disinfecting ma terial or the material itself for destroying odors and maintaining sanitary conditions within the bowl. This construction has the advantage of 60 receiving a large supply of the disinfecting ma terial and the material is continuously shaken down toward the apertures 30 and, if in finely ground form, vis discharged into the toilet bowl as the cover is raised and lowered in the normal 55 use of the toilet. While I have described the construction of Figs. 7 and 8 as applied to the cover of a toilet it will be obvious that the same or a similar con struction may be used between the seat and the 60 rim of the toilet bowl, if desired, as shown in ' Fig. 9 and may be used when the same or other types of sealing members are employed between the seat and cover. As shown in Fig. 10 the in Figs. 1 and 2 recesses i8 are provided in the tubular sealing member may, instead of being re upper face of the sealing member i0 carried by cessed into the member to which it is attached, the seat 2 so that sticks or pieces of solidified as shown in Figs. 8 and 9, be attached directly to the lower surface thereof by an adhesive or other disinfecting and deodorizing material or a dis ' suitable means. infectant carrier may be inserted therein. The The form of my invention shown in Figs. 11, 12 70 70 recesses i 8 open into the interior of the toilet and 13 of the drawings illustrates a further al bowl below the seat so that vapors or fumes from - ternative construction of sealing means, particu the deodorant may escape freely into the con larly adapted for receiving a relatively large ?ned space of the bowl. However, the recesses vamount of deodorant and formed with a de bers and the supports therefor. As illustrated 76 do not extend through to the outer edge of the odorant receiving space therein or between the 75 3 2,114,551 sealing means and the cover. In this arrange ment the sealing member 32 extends over. sub stantially the entire lower face of the seat cover 33 so that the marginal portion will engage the upper surface of the seat and seal the space be tween the seat and cover. The central portion I claim: 1. In combination with a toilet bowl having a hinged seat and a cover therefor, means for com pletely sealing the interior of the toilet bowl com prising a sealing member located between the seat 5 and the rim of the bowl and a second sealing of the member 32 is formed with a slot or open- , member located between the seat and the cover, said members extending entirely around the toilet ing 34 com unicating with a relatively large re cess 36 for , ed in the upper surface of the mem 10 ber 32 and closed by the cover 33. The lower or exposed surface of the sealing member is formed with‘ apertures 38 communicating with the in terior of the toilet bowl to discharge the disin fectant or fumes therefrom into the bowl.. Out 15 wardly extending recesses 40 may also be pro vided for receiving disinfectant for the purpose of keeping the bathroom or space around the toilet in a wholesome and sanitary condition. This construction not only serves as a sealing 20 member but when the toilet is used and the cover raised the sealing member serves as a yielding back rest due to the resiliency of the member 32. The embodiments of my invention described above are adapted for use with and application 25 to toilet seats of conventional construction and whether formed of wood, hard rubber or other / material. It will be noted that each of the forms of the invention herein described embodies means which 30 cooperate with the toilet bowl, the seat and the cover to de?ne a space which is completely sealed. Since the level of the water within the bowl is lowered and a certain amount of air is sucked and closing the space between the seat and the rim of the bowl and between the seat and the 10 cover and cooperating with the seat and cover and the bowl of a toilet to produce a partial vac uum within the interior of the toilet bowl on ?ushing of the toilet, and a deodorant receiving pocket formed in one of said members and com 15 municating with the interior of said bowl. 2. Sealing means for toilets comprising a seat member, and a cover member, a resilient and yielding annular sealing means carried by one of said members and adapted to bear in continuous 20 annular sealing relationship against the other member, a bowl, and a second resilient and yield ing annular sealing means carried by said seat member and adapted to bear in continuous annu lar sealing relationship against the entire rim of the bowl, said sealing means cooperating with said bowl, seat and cover to cause a partial vacuum to be produced within the bowl when the toilet is flushed and deodorant material car ried by one of said means and arranged to be subjected to the partial vacuum thus created whereby the deodorant is effectively communi cated to said sealed space. - 3. Silencing means for toilets comprising mem 85 water during the flushing operation, the sealing bers formed of sound absorbing cellular rubber means of the present invention serve to cause a . material in the form of _ annular rings of su?icient partial vacuum to be produced within the sealed thickness substantially to?ll the entire space be space thereby positively preventing the escape of tween the rim of a, toilet bowl and the seat there air and gases from the toilet bowl into the room. for and the space between the seat and a cover 40 Moreover, the sealing means employed because it therefor, said members when applied to a toilet is soft and resilient serves as a sound deadening seat and cover cooperating therewith to munle means which muiiies the sounds incidental to the and absorb sounds incident to ?ushing of the ?ushing of the toilet and thus avoids the embar toilet. ' 4. Silencing means for toilets comprising mem rassment and annoyance caused by the use and 45 operation of conventional constructions. ‘The bers formed of readily deformable sound absorb partial vacuum created also may in some in ing cellular rubber material in the form of annu stances serve to cause the disinfecting or deodor lar rings of sufficient thickness substantially to izing means used to be drawn into the toilet bowl fill the entire space between the rim of a toilet _thus rendering the action thereof more e?ective. bowl and the seat ‘therefor and the space between While I have herein referred in detail to a the seat and a cover therefor, said members when number of constructions in which my invention applied to a toilet seat and cover cooperating may be embodied, numerous changes and modi-. therewith to completely seal a space de?ned by ?cations may be made in the form and construc the bowl, the seat and the cover to cause a partial tion ‘thereof and therefore it should be under vacuum' to be created in said space during ?ush stood that the types of my invention herein shown ing of the toilet and to muffle and absorb sounds and described are intended for the purposes of incident to the flushing thereof. illustration and are not intended to limit the scope down the soil pipe by the rush of the ?ushing of my invention. ' I - BESS WINDING.