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Патент USA US2114561

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April 19, 193%.
Filed Dec. 12, 1936
i2. 3
Patented Apr. 19, 1938
Justus Hausmann, Neuruppin, Germany
Application December 12, 1936, Serial No. 115,508
In Germany December 17, 1935
2 Claims. (Cl. 241-6)
Sock-suspenders heretofore have been applied
Figs. 1 and 2 are elevational views showing two
in a form generally injurious to health, as my forms of the invention, and
experiences have shown in the medical treat
Fig. 3 shows the embodiment of Fig. 1 applied
ment of varicose veins and other bodily defects, to clothing.
5 owing to the stagnation in the circulation of
In Fig. 1 three short connecting ribbons 2, 3 5
blood on account of undue pressure exerted by and 4, preferably of elastic material, are secured
such other suspender-constructions. The evil together by a body piece 5 of polygonal shape.
effects of such old sock-suspenders upon the body At the end of each of the ribbons 2, 3 and 4 is
have been recognized long ago and many have
10 been the ways tried to overcome their injurious
defects, without, however, any great success.
Elastic bands have been mostly employed to this
end, surrounding the leg below'the- knee, yet even
an approximate ?t is di?icult to insure. Aside
15 from this fact, a leg-surrounding support will
always exert a certain undue pressure on the
veins and arteries, while the mode of application
in vertically suspending the holders from under
garments, short undertrousers or the shirt, do
20 not insure a sufficient hold and easily allow the
socks to slip and spoil their appearance.
All these disadvantages are avoided by means
of the improvements in sock-suspenders which I
have designed and tried out in practical usage.
25 I employ three ribbons, preferably elastic, diverg
ing in the shape of a star or T, connected with
one another directly or by means of a triangular
or polygon-shaped middle piece, and bearing at
their free ends catch-es, e. g. clamps; or I employ
30 a polygon-shaped, preferably triangular ?at sup‘
port of leather, rubber, fabric or the like, having
the catches at its: corners.
Said catches serve
for easily securing my sock-suspender at its two
upper corners to‘ the underwear, while the lower
such a way the two upper branches of the sock
35 corner will be connected to the sock-border.
suspender slightly contract the underwear above
the calf, so that it cannot slip down over the calf
and the sock is well fastened.
The construction of my sock-suspender may
be varied without departing from the spirit of
the invention. The main feature of the inven
tion is that the vertical pull exerted by the sock
upon the suspender is subdivided into two diverg
45 ing components, acting slightly to contract the
underwear above the calf.
The invention is illustrated in the accompany
ing drawing, wherein
a catch 6.
The catches of the ribbons 2 and 3
are arranged so that their axes form an obtuse 10
angle, while the axis of the catch on the ribbon
4 bisects this angle. The axis of the catch is
the line along which its force is exerted when
it is applied to the clothing, as shown in Fig. 3.
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2 the catches 15
6 are applied directly to the corners of a body
piece 7 in the form of an equilateral triangle.
The axes of all the catches in this form of the
invention therefore lie 120° apart.
It is evident that by only partly surrounding
the leg just below the knee and above the calf,
the pressure exerted on the leg by this hold is
well distributed over a large surface by the more
or less elastic underwear, and no indentation
whatsoever will appear on the leg, thus avoiding
all undue pressure thereon with dangerous effects
and rather obtaining a slight massaging accel
erating the circulation of the blood.
Having thus described my said invention what
I claim is:
1. In a sock supporter, three catches and means
uniting said catches so that the axes of two of
them.f-orm an obtuse angle while the rearward
extension of the axis of the third one bisects said
2. In combination with a sock and the leg of
an undergarment adapted to reach below the
knee of the wearer, a support for said sock com
prising two catches connected together and en
gaging the leg of the undergarment at circum
ferentially spaced points below the knee of the
wearer, and a third catch connected to the other
two extending downward to engage the sock,
whereby the pull of the sock is distributed cir
cumferentially to the leg of the undergarment 45
to‘ draw the same against the leg of the wearer.
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