Патент USA US2114561код для вставки
April 19, 193%. J. HAUSMANN' - SOCK SUSPENDER Filed Dec. 12, 1936 i2. 3 2,114,561 Patented Apr. 19, 1938 2,114,561 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,114,561 ’ SOCK SUSPENDER Justus Hausmann, Neuruppin, Germany Application December 12, 1936, Serial No. 115,508 In Germany December 17, 1935 2 Claims. (Cl. 241-6) Sock-suspenders heretofore have been applied Figs. 1 and 2 are elevational views showing two in a form generally injurious to health, as my forms of the invention, and ' experiences have shown in the medical treat Fig. 3 shows the embodiment of Fig. 1 applied ment of varicose veins and other bodily defects, to clothing. 5 owing to the stagnation in the circulation of In Fig. 1 three short connecting ribbons 2, 3 5 blood on account of undue pressure exerted by and 4, preferably of elastic material, are secured such other suspender-constructions. The evil together by a body piece 5 of polygonal shape. effects of such old sock-suspenders upon the body At the end of each of the ribbons 2, 3 and 4 is have been recognized long ago and many have 10 been the ways tried to overcome their injurious defects, without, however, any great success. Elastic bands have been mostly employed to this end, surrounding the leg below'the- knee, yet even an approximate ?t is di?icult to insure. Aside 15 from this fact, a leg-surrounding support will always exert a certain undue pressure on the veins and arteries, while the mode of application in vertically suspending the holders from under garments, short undertrousers or the shirt, do 20 not insure a sufficient hold and easily allow the socks to slip and spoil their appearance. All these disadvantages are avoided by means of the improvements in sock-suspenders which I have designed and tried out in practical usage. 25 I employ three ribbons, preferably elastic, diverg ing in the shape of a star or T, connected with one another directly or by means of a triangular or polygon-shaped middle piece, and bearing at their free ends catch-es, e. g. clamps; or I employ 30 a polygon-shaped, preferably triangular ?at sup‘ port of leather, rubber, fabric or the like, having the catches at its: corners. Said catches serve for easily securing my sock-suspender at its two upper corners to‘ the underwear, while the lower In such a way the two upper branches of the sock 35 corner will be connected to the sock-border. suspender slightly contract the underwear above the calf, so that it cannot slip down over the calf and the sock is well fastened. 40 The construction of my sock-suspender may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention. The main feature of the inven tion is that the vertical pull exerted by the sock upon the suspender is subdivided into two diverg 45 ing components, acting slightly to contract the underwear above the calf. The invention is illustrated in the accompany ing drawing, wherein a catch 6. The catches of the ribbons 2 and 3 are arranged so that their axes form an obtuse 10 angle, while the axis of the catch on the ribbon 4 bisects this angle. The axis of the catch is the line along which its force is exerted when it is applied to the clothing, as shown in Fig. 3. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2 the catches 15 6 are applied directly to the corners of a body piece 7 in the form of an equilateral triangle. The axes of all the catches in this form of the invention therefore lie 120° apart. It is evident that by only partly surrounding the leg just below the knee and above the calf, the pressure exerted on the leg by this hold is 0 well distributed over a large surface by the more or less elastic underwear, and no indentation whatsoever will appear on the leg, thus avoiding all undue pressure thereon with dangerous effects and rather obtaining a slight massaging accel erating the circulation of the blood. Having thus described my said invention what I claim is: 30 1. In a sock supporter, three catches and means uniting said catches so that the axes of two of them.f-orm an obtuse angle while the rearward extension of the axis of the third one bisects said angle. ' 35 2. In combination with a sock and the leg of an undergarment adapted to reach below the knee of the wearer, a support for said sock com prising two catches connected together and en gaging the leg of the undergarment at circum ferentially spaced points below the knee of the wearer, and a third catch connected to the other two extending downward to engage the sock, whereby the pull of the sock is distributed cir cumferentially to the leg of the undergarment 45 to‘ draw the same against the leg of the wearer. J USTUS HAUSMANN.