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Патент USA US2114763

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April 19, w38.
'
' w. R. ELsEY x-:T AL
2,114,763
BOXCAR
Filed Nov. 5, 195e
.
4 sheets-sheet 1
5lï6ängßy
Q»Q Imlu ml
Ap
19, 1938.
2,114,763
w. R. ELsEY ET AL
BOXCAR
Filed NOV. 5, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTORS:
Tmrren H_Z'llsßyá
Wanda) .I M25/4er,
l Í/ d '
_
î/
ToRNEYs.
l
April 19, 1938.
2,114,763
w. R. ELSEY ET AL
BOXCAR
Filed NOV. 5, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
~
INVENTORS:
Mrz/.m RE'LS
April 19, 1938.
W. R. ELSEY ET AL
A
2,1 14,763
BOXCAR
Filed NOV. 5, 1956
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
M
Zó A
INVENToRs:
Wëmißbl Mbyßr,
Warren R. Z’Lsßy ¿Sa
BY
i
L
«
TORNEYS.
'
Patented
pr. I9, 193
2,l 14,763
rice
2,114,763
BOX@
Warren R. Elsey, ElizabethfN. ll., and Wendel I.
Meyer, Philadelphia, Pa., assignors » to The
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, Philadel
phia, lila.,V al corporation of Pennsylvania _
Application' November 5, 1936, serial No. 109,262
>is claims. (ci. 1057-377)
This invention relates to box cars /such as are
arrows X-X, XI-XI, XII-XII, and )GII-«XIII
used by railroads in shipping freight ;' and it has
reference more particularly to box cars adapted
to be loaded from above through roof hatches.
. in Fig. I.v
Fig. XIV is a fragmentary detail lsectional view
of the hatch cover securing means, taken as in
dicated by the arrows XIV-XIV invFig. III.
- In connection with box cars of «the specific type
referred to, it is an aimof our invention -to pro
vide a simple and sturdy roof construction which
will afford a plurality .of unobstructed quadran
gular hatch openings of a maximum size, and
which, at the same time, will effectively tie to
gether and brace the side and end walls of the
` Fig. XV is a fragmentary sectional view taken
as indicated by the arrows XV-XV in Fig. IV
vshowing further details of the hatch cover secur
ing means; and
car.
Another object of our invention is to insure
against entry of rain and snow into the hatches,
,.
bars i of the ‘car body have secured'to their upper
vertical flanges in overlapping relation by means 15
of rivets 2, inwardly curved shoulder plates 3 with
upstanding flanges i along their tops. These
curved shoulder plates 3 are backed or braced by
conformative `castings 5 and _ß respectively, llo
_cated at suitable intervals along the interior of
which desideratum we attain', as hereinafter more
fully disclosed, through> provision Iof deflector
means beneath over-hanging portions of the
covers for the hatch openings.
V
Fig. XVI is a View like Fig. IV showing an al- 10
ternative form of hatch cover securing means.
In accordance with' my invention, and as here
in shown, the usual longitudinal Z-section eave
.
Dur invention is also directed toward provision
‘of simple and reliable latch means for securing
20 the hatch covers capable _of operation from within the car and at the corners, said castings being se- 20
the body of the car.
25
cured with said plates and the Z-bars i, to the
Other objects and attendant advantages of
our invention will appear in the following descrip
tion of the attached drawings, wherein Fig. I
~side -plates l of the car body bythe aforemen
shows the top` plan view of a box car body
X) having upright upper flanges I0 -correspond
ing in depth to the top flanges t of the curved
plates 3 and meeting ,with said flanges Il at the
tioned rivets 2. To the end plates ß of the car
are riveted Z-section bars 9 (see Figs. II, IX, and 2
conveniently embodying `Vthe present improve
ments, with one of the hatch covers removed and
another partly broken away.
30
'
v
Y'
Mg. II is a fragmentary. view on a larger scale »
body corners.
The flanges t and l0 respectively
of the curved plates 3 and the end Z-bars 9 thus 30
showing, in elevation, a portion of one end of the ‘ jointly define the boundary of a top opening
car body.
which is substantially co-extensive in length with
.
Fig. III is a fragmentary cross sectional view
-of the car body taken as indicated by the arrows
III-III in Fig. I.
\
By means of suitably-spaced arch
' ing formed in the ,topi of the car as just explained
IV is a fragmentary view showing'the car
body in longitudinal section.
the car body.
ing cross members il, the_ flange-rimmed open
is subdivided into a plurality of smaller serially
arranged quadrangular hatch openings l2,--in
.
As shown in Figs.
to Fig. IV, showing the center portion of the car AI and XIII, the cross members Ii are of U-cross
section with their ends engaging cut-outs or
Fig. 'VI ls a fragmentary detail view showing notches in the flanges fi of the curvedîplates 3,
and supported on the tops of certain ofthe cast
v one of the top corners of the car body in plan
ings 5. It is to be noted that the vertical flanges
with the corresponding hatchv cover removed. '
i3 of the cross members ll correspond in depth
Fig. VII is a fragmentary view looking as in
dicated by the arrows VII--VII in Figs. I and VI with the flanges d of the curved plates 3 and thus
constitute _the side edges of contiguous'hatch
and showing the same corner in side elevation.
Fig. Vis a view on a larger scale corresponding
body.
-
»
'
'
"
VIII is a fragmentary detail cross sectional
view taken as indicated by the arrows VIII-VIII
50
in Fig. VII.
.
`
>
„
'_
IX is a fragmentary detail sectional View
‘taken as indicated by the arrows IX-IX in
VIII.
'
~
the present instance, three.
,
v
_
Figs. X, m, XII, and XIII are fragmentary de
. tail views taken as`respectlvely indicated by the
openingsv i2.
At' the regions of meeting, the y
flanges d and/4,3 ofthe `curved plates 3 and the
, transverse members~ li are preferably perma
nently united as by welding, with formation of
flush transverse gutters- it between adjacent
hatch openings.' The edges of the hatchopen
ings l2 are finished off by coaming rails l5 which
have an invert U-cross section as shown, and
-whereof the inner flanges i6 are considerably
2
2,114,763
deeper than the outer flanges I1, the latter
flanges having edge margins bent outwardly as at
I8 to serve as rain and snow deflectors in a man
ner more clearly described later.
As shown in
Figs. III, VIII, X and XII, the outer flanges I1
of the coaming bars I5 overlap and are riveted
fast to the meeting upstanding flanges 4, I0 and
bridge pieces, such as shown at 44 in Fig. II,
suitably affixed to said covers.
The securing means for the hatch covers 25
includes a. pair of shafts 45 which may be of
square section as shown, and which extend lon
gitudinally of opposite sides of the interior of
the car body immediately under the curved shoul
I3 respectively, of the curved plates 3, and
der plates 3, see Figs. III, IV, V, X, and XIII.
the Z-bars 9 at opposite ends of the car, and
the transverse connecting members II. 'I'he
coaming bars I5 are stiffened by angular inward
bending of their flanges I6 at the bottom as at
I9, except those at the ends of the car body,
whereof the flanges I6 are straight and riveted to
To these shafts 45 are secured, by means of set
screws 46, cylindric collars 41 which are jour
naled for rotation in bearings 48 afforded by
the brackets 5. To each of these shafts 45 is
also affixed a series of latch members 49 which
15 inverted channel section cross members 20 inter
posed between the latter flanges and the end
plates 8, see Fig. X. At their opposite ends, the
cross members 20 are in turn riveted fast to pro
jections 2I of the corner castings 6 as shown in
20 Figs. VIII and IX.
At the regions of meeting, the
coaming bars I5 are all mitered and preferably
welded together. Obviously, as a consequence
of this construction, the side and end walls of
the car body are effectively tied together and
25 braced with attendant provision of hatch open
ings of a maximum size.
The hatch covers 25 are of composite con
struction with perimetric frames 26 formed from
invert U-section rails, and roof sheets 21 riveted
30 to said frames. The hatch covers 25 are further
re-inforced by laterally spaced transverse arch
ing channel section battens 28 extending between
the side rails of the frames 26. The rails of the
hatch cover frames 26 are preferably miter joint
35 ed, and the component parts of each cover frame
including the battens 2B permanently united by
Welding at the regions of juncture. From Figs.
III, X, and XI, it will be noted that the hatch
cover frames 26 are so proportioned that the in
40 ner flanges of their rails 29 llt rather snugly
into the hatch openings I2 defined by the coam
ings I5, and moreover that the frames are stiff
ened through outward bending of margins of
said inner flanges and also of the outer flanges
45 30 as indicated respectively at 32 and 3I. When
the covers 25 are in place, the outer pendant
flanges 30 of the frames 26 overhang the pro
jections I8 around the hatch coamings I5, Within
perimetric clearances 33. By joint action of the
50 outward perimetric projections 3I of the hatch
covers 25 and the perimetric projections I8 of the
coamings I5, rain and snow are effectively de
ñected and prevented from entering the ‘car
through the hatches. Each hatch cover 25 is pro
55 vided, as shown in Fig. I, with four eyes 35 so
that a lifting crane can be conveniently em
Ployed in removing it, and-’each of them, more
over, carries aV portion 36 of a running board
which extends centrally of the top of the car.
60 The slats 31 of each section 36 of the running
board are supported at a slight elevation above
extend upward into the hollows of the coamings
I5 and whereof the hook ends 5U reach inwardly
through clearance apertures 5I in the inner
flanges I6 of said coamings and engage register
ing apertures 52 in the inner flanges 29 of the
hatch cover frames 26.
The shafts 45 are oper
able by means of lever handles 53 which extend 20
downwardly from them immediately inward of
the door openings 55 in the sides of the car, as
shown in Figs. IV and XVI, where they are con
veniently acceœible. The lever handles 53 are
lockable against movement, with the hatch 25
covers 25 latched by registering eyes 55 on them
with apertured lugs 56 on the car and the pass
ing chain-supported hooks 51 (Fig, IV) through
the aligned apertures of said eyes and lugs. As a
consequence of this arrangement, it is possible to 30
simultaneously latch the hatch covers at each
side of the car.
In Fig. XVI there is shown a modified lock
ing arrangement in which separate latching
shafts 45a. are provided at the opposite sides of 35
the car for each hatch cover, said shafts being
individually operable by separate lever handles
53a.
Having thus described our invention, we claim:
l. A box car with an opening in its top sub- .l
stantially coextensive in length with the car de
fined yby upstanding edge flanges of meeting plate
members of the car body; U-section cross mem
bers with upstanding flanges corresponding in
depth to those of said plate members with their
ends fitting notches in the longitudinal flanges of
the opening- and setting apart a plurality of sep
arate hatch openings; and individually removable
covers for the hatch openings.
2. A box car with an opening in its top sub
stantially coextensive in length with the car de
fined by upstanding edge flanges of meeting plate
members of the car body; U-section cross mem
bers with upstanding flanges corresponding in
depth to those of the body members with their
ends fitting notches in .the longitudinal flanges
of the opening and setting apart a plurality of
separate hatch openings; individually removable
covers with perimetric portions overhanging the
hatch openings; and perimetric deflector means
beneath the overhanging portions of the covers
the roof sheets 21 by bridge pieces 38 riveted
for preventing entry of rain or snow into the
to the covers in the regions of the battens 28.
In each instance, a ~channel section ridge bar
65 39 serves to stiiïen the latch cover longitudinally.
deñned by upstanding edge flanges of meeting
At opposite ends of the car are additional boards
40 which constitute continuations of the main
running board, and which, with similar contin
70 uations of contiguous cars of a train, bridge the
gaps between cars. As shown in Figs. II and X,
the supplemental end boards 40 are supported
by brackets 4I riveted fast to the car ends. The
endmost hatch covers also carry lateral running
.75 boards 42 whereof the slats 43 are supported by
50
hatches.
3. A box car having a hatch opening in its top
65
plate members of the car body; invert U-section
coaming bars with their outer flanges iastened
to the perimetric flanges around the hatch open
ing; a removable hatc'h cover having a roofing
sheet and a perimetric reinforcing frame formed
from invert U-section bars with the inner flanges
of the latter fitting into the coamed hatch open~
ings and with the outer flanges extending beyond
the coaming; and perimetric deflector means be
neath the overhanging portion of thc cover 75
3
` 2,114,763
l
body setting apart a plurality of individual hatch
around thecoaming beneath the cover for pre
venting entry of> rain or snow into the hatch.
4. A box car having a hatch opening in its
openings, the ends of said cross members fitting
notches in the flanges of the shoulder plates with
top defined by upstanding edge flanges of meeting
their flanges meeting those of said shoulder
plates; conformative castings secured to the inner
plate members of the car body; invert U-section
coaming bars with their outer flanges overlapping
and fastened to the outsides of the perimetric,
flanges around the hatch opening and with edge
margins of said outer flanges bent laterally out
10 ward to form ‘a perimetric deflector for rain and
sides of the shoulder plates and supporting the ,
ends of the cross members; invert- U-section
coaming bars having their outer flanges overlap
ping and secured to the upright perimetric ñanges
around the hatch openings; and individually re
snow; and a removable cover' having a roof- sheet, „ `movable hatch covers having roof sheets and
perimetric supporting frames formed from invert
U-section bars, with the inner flanges of- said bars
fitting into the coamed hatch openings and with
the outer flanges extending beyond the coarnings. 15
9. A boxcar having a coamed hatch opening;
and perimetric reinforcing frame formed from
invert U-section bars with their inner flanges fit
ting into the coamed hatch opening and their
outer flanges overhanging the perimetric deflector
around said opening.
,
5. A .box car with an opening in its top sub
stantially coextensive in length with the car de
a hatch cover with a pendant perimetric flange;
and means for securing the coverfrom Within
fined by upstanding edge flanges of meeting plate
the car, including retractable latch members
vadapted to reach laterally through clearance 20
bers with upstanding flanges corresponding in apertures in the coaming and engage the pendant
depth to those of said plate members with their flange of said cover.
ends fitting notches in the longitudinal flanges of ' 10. lA box car having a coamed hatch opening;
a hatch cover with a pendant perimetric flange;
the opening and setting apart a plurality of sep
arate hatch openings; invert U>--syection coaming and means for securing the cover from within the 25
20 members of the car body; U-section cross mem
car, including pivotally mounted latch members
bars with their outer flanges fastened to the
adapted to reach laterally through clearance aper
' perimetric flanges around the several hatch open
` ings; individually removable hatch covers respec
tures in the coaming and engage .the pendant
flange of the cover.
11. A box car having a coamed hatch opening; 30
a cover with a pendant perimetric flange fitting
intothe hatch opening; and means for securing
the 'cover from within the car, including retract
able latch members adapted to reach laterally
through lateral clearance apertures in the hatch 35
coaming and engage the pendant flange of the
tively having roofing sheets and perimetric rein
30 forcing frames formed from invert U-section bars
with the inner flanges of the latter fitting into
the coamed hatch openings and with the outer
flanges extending beyond the coamings; and peri
metric deflector means beneath the overhangs of
35 the covers for preventing entry of rain or snow
into the hatches.
-
6. A box car having a'body with side and end
walls; Z-bars secured along the. top edges of the
side walls; inwardly rounded shoulder plates se
40 cured to the upper'flanges of the Z-bars, said
plates having upright flanges at their tops; Z-bars
cover.
'
`
12. A box car having, along its length, a plu
rality of coamed hatch openings; hatch _covers
with pendant perimetric flanges; and means for 40
securing the covers from within thel car including
a longitudinally extending shaft and latch mem
bers on the shaft adapted to reach laterally
fastened along the upper edges of the end walls
of the car body with their upper upright flanges
throughÀ clearance apertures in the coamings and
engage the pendant flanges of the covers, and
meeting the upright flanges of the shoulder plates
45 to form a hatch opening; and a removable cover
for the hatch opening.
`
means for actuating the shaft.
-
y45
13. A box car having a coamed hatch opening:
a cover with a pendant perimetric flange fitting
over the hatch opening; and means for securing
the cover from within the car including horizon 50
7. A box car having a body with> side and end
walls; Z-bars secured along the top edges of"` the
side walls; inwardly rounded shoulder plates se
cured to the upper flanges of the Z-bars, said
plates having upright flanges at their tops; Z
bars fastened to the upper edges of the end walls
of the body, the upper flanges of the last- men
tioned Z-bars meeting with the upright flanges
tal shafts parallel with the edges of the hatch
opening; latch members on the shafts adapted to
reach laterally through lateral apertures in the
hatch coaming and engage the pendant flange of
of the shoulder plates; transverse U-section cross the cover; actuating' lever handles for the shafts; 55
members at intervals along the lengthv of the car ` and means for locking the actuating handles- body setting apart a plurality of individual hatch Aagainst movement with the cover latched.
14. A, box car having, along its roof, a longi->
openings, the ends of said cross members fitting
notches in -the flanges of the shoulder plates tudinal series of coamed hatch openings; indi- `
vidual covers with pendant perimetric flanges 60
with their flanges meeting those of said shoulder
plates; conformative castings secured to the inner
sides of the shoulder plates and supporting the
fitting over the hatch openings; and means li’or
securing the covers from within the c'ar, including
a longitudinally extending shaft; latch members"
on the ,'shaft, adapted to reach laterally through
clearance apertures in the hatch coamings and 65
ends of the cross members; and separately re
movable covers for the several hatch openings.
8. A box car having a body with side and _end
walls; Z-bars secured along the top edges ofthe
side walls; inwardly rounded shoulder plates se
cured to the upper'flanges of the Zdbars, said
70
plates having upright'flanges at their tops; Z
engagethe pendant flanges of the covers; an ac
tuating lever handle for the shaft; and means
for locking the actuating handle with the covers
~`
latched.
I*
.
,
l5. A, box car having a hatch opening with an“70
bars fastened to the upper edges of the end walls f upstanding perimetric flangejointly aüorded by
of the body, the upper'flanges of the last men-- ' plate members of the car body structure; hatch
tioned Z-bars meeting with the upright flanges
of the shoulder plates; transverse U-section cross
members at intervals along the length of the car
coaming bars of invert U-secltion with their inner
flanges fastened to the perimetric ilangearound
the hatch opening; a cover with a pendant peri
l
4l
2,114,763
metric ñange fitting over the coamîng; and means
for securing the cover from within the car, in
17. A box car having, along its roof, a longi
tudinal series of coamed hatch openings; indi
cluding pivotally mounted latch members extend
ing upward into the hollow of the coaming, said
latch members having hook ends adapted to reach
laterally through clearance apertures in the
coaming and engage the pendant flange of the
vidual covers with pendant perimetrlc flanges f1t
hatch cover.
16. A box car having a hatch opening with an
10 upstanding perimetric flange jointly afforded by
plate members of the car body structure; hatch
coaming bars of invert U-section with their inner
flanges overlapping and fastened to the perimet
rlc ñange around the hatch opening; a cover with
15 a roofing sheet and a perimetric supporting frame
formed from invert U`-sectíon bars with the inner
flanges of the latter fitting into the coamed open
ing; and means for securing the cover from within
the car, including retractable latch members
20 reaching laterally through clearance apertures in
the inner flanges of the coaming and engaging
the corresponding inner flanges of the perimetric
frame bars of said cover.
ting over the hatch openings; and means for se
curing the covers from within the car, including a
series of aligned longitudinal shafts along oppo
5
site sides of the car, latch members on the respec
tive shafts adapted to reach laterally outward
through clearance apertures in the hatch coam
ings and engage the pendant flanges of the covers,
and means for actuating the individual shafts. 10
18. A box car having a coamed hatch opening
in its top; a cover with an outwardly and down
wardly-extending perimetric flange portion over
hanging the hatch coaming with a downwardly 15
open perimetric clearance intervening; and a
perimetric deflector projection extending outward
laterally from the hatch coaming beneath the
overhang of the cover and crosswise of the clear
ance interval to exclude rain or snow from said 20
interval.
WARREN R. ELSEY.
WENDEL J. MEYER.
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