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Патент USA US2114767

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Apri! 19, 1933-
w. LA HODNY ET. AL
MIRROR
FilÙed Sept. l, 1934
2,114,757
Patented Apr. 19, 1938
‘
s'rm‘jes
EAENT creme
2,1143767
1vmmoa
William La Hoclny and Gust 0. (Hoff, Buffalo,
N. Y., assignors to Standard Mirror Company,
1110., Buffalo, ‘N. Y., a corporation of New
York
Application September 1, 1934, Serial No. 742,435
6 Claims. (01., 88-97)
v This invention relates to a mirror and more
particularly tò a shaving mirror,_ although, qf
course, the mirror could also be used for other
purposes.
‘5
V
This is a contìnuation in part of our co-pending
application, now Patent No. 2,058,603, dated. Oc
tober 27, 1936.
'
'
An object _of the present invention is to pro
vide such a mirror which is extremely simple
10 and ìnexpensive in construction so that mirrors
madein accordance With the ìnvention ‘can be
sold ai; very low cost and in which the mirror
is securely held by the clamping members con
be made of other materials than metal, such as
sheet pyroxylin plastic.
'
7
The clamping jaws 2| and 22 are preferably
die cast and can be of any suitable con?gura
tion and. the end 23 of ‘the section 21 and the
end‘ 24 of the section 22 are preferably quite
broad and pointedyas best illustrated in Figs.
1 and 3, so as to provìdea reliable grip on the
opposite ?at facesof the mirror proper both ver
tîcally and horizontaliy. By making the grip 10
ping portions 23 and 24 generally spade-shaped
in this manner it is apparent .that the ?eld of
the mirroris interfered.‘with to the least extent.
. Theopposite end ‘of the’ciamping jaw 2! is bi
stituting the universal joint.
«
'
Another object of the present invention is to1 furcated;to provide a c1aw 25and thecorrespond 15.
15
ying end. of the clamping jaw 22 is'bifurcated to
provide a s'imilar jaw 26. The two claws 25 and
26 ’jointly provide ‘a spherical recess 27 ’whìch
permitting the use of a substeintially rimless engages a-ball 28; The clamping sections 28 and
22 are drawn tightly -together by a screw 29, 20
20 mirror.
‘ this‘ »scre’w 'tigh'tly 'clamping the mirror proper
In the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a shaving mirror between the spade-shaped. ends of the clamping
sections and also frictionallyelamping 'the ball
embodying our invention.
' _
provide such a mirror which is very attractive
in appearance and in which substantialiy the
full face of the mirror is usable, the construction
Fig. 2 is a vertica1 section, taken on line 2-2,
25
Fig. 1.
-
Fig. 3 is a vertical section, taken on line '3-3,
Fig. 2 and showing one of the clamping members.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertîcal section, taken
on line 4-4», Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary horizontal section,
30
taken on line 5-5, Fig. 4.
.
The mirror proper is shown as comprising a
cii‘cular piece of plate glass 15 having a beveiled.
edge 55 and having its back sìlvered, as indi
35 cated at l'è’, althóugh it Wili be understood that
various other refiective coatings can be applied
instead of silver. This mirror plate is provided
with a metal back i8 which conforms to the
shape of the mirror andhas ìts edge l9 turned
40 around the edge of the mirror and engaging the
beve] E6 so that the metal back completely en
closes the real‘ side-of the mirror andembraces
the beve1 all around itsperiphery. The _metal
45 hacking may be .of :any 'form and ?nish, 7but 1a
pieasing- ?nish is achieved. by makìng the back,
cf chromium plated metal and suitab1y duiling a
part of the plated surface-so as to ‘provide any
desired design.’ Beiîore the metal hacking l8 is
50 applied to the mirror a series of teats or buttons
25 are pressed outwardly from the metal hacking
plate along its lower edge, these buttons being
subsequently employed to anchor the ci’amping
jaws, as'hereinafter describeci; It will be under
55
stood, of cour-se, th‘at the hacking plate I8 could.
28 betweenthe claws 25 and 26 so that whîle a
universal joint is provided su?icient ‘friction is
provided to ’hold the mirror in any position to
which itmaybe moved.
'
‘
'
"Where both the ball 28 and the claws 25 and
26 are plated. it has‘ been} found di?îcult to ‘obtaìn
the:riecessary'friction f‘or supporting the mirror 30
in’ any adiusted position, inasmuch as plated
metal is, of course, very smooth, especially chro
mium -plating which has no grain structure and
is extremely slippery. In accordance With the
present invention, therefore, the insicìe of each 35
of the c’laws 25 and 25 is provided With a horse
s’noe-shapedgro'ove 55îin which is piaced a horse
shoe-shaped facing 55 of yielding material, such
as cork, which provides the necessary friction
betweenthe ball and the two claws. It is obvious, 40
oîf course‘, that this facing is not -necessarily
horseshoe-sh‘aped but can be of any suitable
form.
»
V
4
"It has been found that the highly polished
faces of the piate g1ass and metal hacking pre 45
vent rarreliable grip between the two clamping
sec’tions ‘and the mirror by frictional engagement
aioneandthat a positive look is necessary in order
to prevent the mirror proper from being pul1ed
free from the jaws. Thus, regardless of how 50
much the screw 29 is-tightened and 'regardless of
What type of friction facing may be interposed
between the two clamping sections and the mir
ror, the mirror Wii1 not be reliab1y 'held, T0
provide a positive interlock -between the mirror
2
2,114,767
proper and the clamping jaws the buttons 20 of
the metal backìng plate |8 are provided and these
buttons ?t, preferably snugly, into corresponding
recesses 30 in the clamping sectìon 2L In the
form of the învention shown, ?ve of such buttons
and recesses are provided and these have been
found to ?rmly grìp the mìrror and ho1d it
against dîsplacement since ìt would be necessary
to shear the buttons o? before the mirror could
10 be moved by a pull in a plane parallel with its
face.
It îs obvìous that other forms of înterlockìng
means could be employed and a number of such
means are shown in our patent above men
tioned.
The hall 28 is mounted on an integral stem 34
having an enlarged collar 35, the lower end of the
stem 34 beìng threaded, as indicated at 36. The
threaded end 36 of the stem 34 extends through
20 the upper part 01‘ cap 31 of the base whìch is
indicated generally at 38, this cap being pref
erably made of the same type of sheet metal as
the back 18 of the mirror and preferably being
round. In order to secure the stem securely
25 to the cap 31 of the base the stem projects
through a central opening in the upper part of
the base and is held in posìtion by a nut 39, a
suîtable washer 40 and look washer 4| being
suitably inserted between the nut 39 and the 1n
30 side of the upper section 31 of the base.
'I'he undersìde of the upper part or cap 31 of
the base ìs open and its rìm ìs preferably beaded,
as indicated at 42. The underside of the base is
closed by a circular plate 43 havìng a downwardly
projecting marginal bead 44 and an uprìght mar
ginal ?ange 45 Which ?ts into the upper part 31
of the base and close to its bead 42. This bottom
plate 43 is preferably covered With a piece of felt
46 or h'ke material so that there is no danger of
40 scratching a hìghly polished surface on Which the
shaving mìrror may be placed. It Will be noted
that the bead 44 of the base plate 43 extends be
1OW the bead 42 of the upper section 3'! of the
base and ìnasmuch as the bead 44 is covered With
45 fe1t it will be seen that the mirror can be tìpped
a substantial extent without danger of the metal
bead 42 injurìng the surface on which the mìrror
is supported. It will be further observed that the
bead 44 provides a space 41 between the center of
50 the base plate and the surface on which the mîrror
may be supported. In this space is arranged the
head 48 of a locking sleeve 49, this sleeve beìng
internally threaded and screwing on the threaded
end 36 of the stern 34 so as to draw the base plate
43 and upper section 31 of the base toward one
another. 'I'he head of the sleeve 49 ìs in the form
of a thin annular ?ange whìch encases the under«
side of the plate 43 around a central opening pro
vided thereìn for the jaw of the sleeve 49.
In order to permit of using a small base 38 this
60
base is weighted. For this purpose a number of
disks 50 of sheet metal havìng openings in their
centers are arranged between the upper part 31
of the base and the bottom p1ate 43, the clamping
sleeve 49 extending up through these openings.
When the clamping sleeve 49 is tightened the rim
of the uppermost plate 50 is drawn into tight en
gagement with the underside of the upper section
3î of the base, as best ìllustrated in Figf2, so that
these plates are ?rmly held Within the base and
there is no danger of their moving and rattlîng.
These plates 50 are preferably, of course, made of
scrap metal or as a by-product of other manufac
tured articles.
From the foregoing it is apparent that; the pres
75
ent învention provides a shaving mirror which is
extremely attractìve in appearance and is very
convenient to use ìnasmuch as 11: is carried by a
heavy base through a universal connectìon Which
permits the mirror to be moved to any desired
angle but; at the same time holds the mìrror at
the adjusted angle wìthout further manipulatìon.
It Wîll further be noted thai; substantially the en
tire face of the mìrror is usable and that the in
vention provides a shavìng mìrror which 15 ex 10
tremely simple and inexpensive so that it can be
produced and sold at low cost and at the same
time ìs of rugged and durable construction.
We claim as our ìnventìon:
1. A pedestal mirror, comprisîng a mirror panel, 16
a base disposed directly under said panel and hav
îng a broad ?at bottom adapted to resi: on a horì
zontal surface and having an upward extensìon,
clamping means ìncluding a jaw member havîng
an integrally formed jaw at one end engaging one 20
side of said extensìon and an integrally formed
jaw at its opposite end engaging one ?at face of
said panel, a companion jaw member having an
integrally formed jaw at one end engaging the
opposìte side of said extension and an integrally
formed jaw ai; its opposite end engaging the oppo
site ?at face of said pane], and means for drawìng
said companion jaw members directly toward one
another to ?rmly grip the ?at faces of the mìrror
panel between one pair of said jaws and to grip 30
said extension between the other pair of said
jaws.
2. A pedestal mìrror, comprîsing a mirror pane],
a base disposed directly under said panel and hav
ìng a b1‘cad ?at bottom adapted to rest on a hori
zontal surface and having an upward extension,
clamping means includîng a jaw member havìng
an ìntegrally formed jaw at one end engaging one
side of said extension and an integrally formed
jaw at its opposite end engaging one flat face of 40
said pane], a companion jaw member having an
ìntegrally formed jaw at one end engaging the
opposite side of said extension and an integrally
formed jaw at its opposite end engagìng the oppo
site ?at face of said panel, and means for draw 45
ing said companion jaw members directly toward
one another bo ?rmly grìp the ?at faces of the
mirror panel between one pair of said jaws and to
grip said extensìon between the other paîr of said
jaws, and interlocking means between one of said 50
one paîr 01” jaws and said panel.
3. A pedestal mirror, comprîsing a mirror
pane], a base disposed directly under said panel
and having a broad ?at bottom adapted to rest;
on a horizontal surface and havìng an upward '
extension, clarnping means including a jaw mem
ber having an integrally formed'jaw at one end
engagìng one side of said extension and an in
tegrally formed jaw at its apposite end engaging
one ?at face of said panel, a companion jaw 60
member havìng an integrally formed jaw al: one
end engaging the opposite side of said extension
and an integrally forrned jaw at ìts opposite end
engaging the opposite ?at face of said panel,
and a screw extending through each of said jaw 65
members at a place between its jaws, said screw
drawing said companîon jaw members dìrectly
toward one another to ?rmly grip the ?at faces
of the mirror panel between one pair of said
70
jaws and to grìp said extension between the
other pair of said jaws.
4. A pedestal mirror, comprising a mìrror
panel, a base disposed dîrectly under said panel
and havìng a broad ?at bottorn adapted to rest 75
2,114,767
3
on a horizontal surface and having an upward
extension, clamping means ìncluding a jaW mem
ber having an integrally formed jaw at one end
engagìng one side of said extensîon and an inte
between one pair of said jaws, and. to grip the ex
tension between the other pair of said jaws and.
interlocking means between said hacking plate
grally formed jaw at its opposite end engaging
V6. A pedestal mirror comprìsing a mirror
panel including a mirror plat-e and a hacking
plate secured tu said mirror plate, a base dis
posed directly under saìd panel and having a
broad ?at bottom adapted to rest on a horizontal
one ?at face of said p-anel, a companionjaw
member having an integrally formed jaw at one
end engaging -the opposìte side of said extension
and an ìntegrally formed jaw at its opposìte end
and. that jaw engaging saîd hacking plate.
10 engaging the opposite ?at face of said panel, and
surface and having’ an up-ward extensìon, clamp
means for drawing said companìon jaw members
directly toward one another to ?rmly grip the
?at faces of said mirror panel between one paìr
of said jaws and to grip saîd extension between
15 the other pair of saìd jaws, and interlocking
ing means including a jaw member having an
ìntegralîy formed jaw at one end engaging one
side of saîd extensìon and an ìntagrally formed
jaw ai its opposite end engaging one ?at face of
said panel, a companion jaw member havìng an 15
10
integraîly formed jaw at one end engaging the
the correspondìng ?at face of saìd pane].
apposite side of saìd extensìon and an integrally
5. A pedestal mirror comprising a mirror panel » formed jaw at its opposîte end engaging _the op
including a mirror plate and a hacking plate se
posite ?at face 01° saîd panel, and means for draw
111g said companion jaw members directly to 20
20 cured to said. mirror plate, a base disposed di
rectly under said pane] and having a broad flat ward one another to ?rmly grip the ?at Îaces of
battom adapted to resi; on a horìzontal surface said mirror panel between one pair of said jaws
and having an upward extension, clamping means and to grìp- said extensìon between the other
includîng a jaw member having an integrally pair Voi’ said jaws, and. interlocking means be
25 formed jaw at one end engag‘ing one side of said tween said hacking plate and that jaw engaging
extensîon and. an integrally formed jaw at îts said hacking plate, saîd ìnterlocking means com
opposìte end engaging one ?at face of said panel, prîsîng a projection provided ori one of saìd lasi;
a companìon jaw member having an integrally two members and extencìing' perpendìcularly to>
formed jaw ai; one end engaging the opposite side the face of saîd pane] and a recess provided in ‘che
30 _of said. extensîon and an ìntegrally formed javv cther of saìd last two members and closely ?t 36
at ìts opposite end engaging the opposìte ?at face ting saìd projection.
of saìd panel, and means for ydrawìng said com
WILLIAM LA HODNYV
panìon jaw members directly toward. one another
GUST C. I-IOFF. ‘
to ?rmly grip the ?at faces of said mirror panel,
means between one of saìd. one pair of jaws and
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