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Alan-?lm, 193& F. e. THWAETS 2,3 14,22 VEHICULAR TANK SUPPORT Filed 901;. 3, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. April 19, 1938. 2,1 14,822 F. G. THWAITS VEHICULAR TANK SUPPORT Filed Oct. 3, 1936 I ‘ s Sheets-Sheet 2 / é ‘ INVENTOR‘ Byme?ééw ' . Lyn/WM ATToRNEYé April 19, 1938. F. G. THWAITS 2,1 14,822 VEHICULAR TANK SUPPORT Filed Oct. 3, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 IIIIIIII 9 v WW ATToRNEYé 2,114,822 Patented Apr. 19, 1938 STATES PATENT OFFIQE 2,114,822 VEHICULAR TANK SUPPORT Frederick G. Thwaits, Wauwatosa, Wis, assignor to The Hell 00., Milwaukee, Wis, a corporation of Wisconsin Application October 3, 1936, Serial N0. 103,886 14 Claims. My present invention relates generally to im provements in the manufacture of vehicles for transporting materials in bulk, and relates more speci?cally to various improvements in the con 5 struction of mountings for supporting a tank and other receptacles upon the chassis of a truck or similar vehicle. Generally de?ned, an object of the present in vention is to provide an improved vehicular tank 10 and side compartment mounting, which is sim ple and durable in construction, and which is moreover highly effective in use. The manufacturers of vehicular tanks for transporting liquid in bulk, have heretofore been 15 confronted with many di?‘iculties in attempting to provide simple and durable mountings for tanks of various sizes and shapes, which mount ings would be adapted to eiiectively cooperate with trucks having chassis beams of varied shapes 2O surrounded by various kinds of obstructions and spaced apart different distances. Such tanks must be ?rmly attached to the chassis in order to avoid. relative shifting of the tank and vehicle especially when the former is loaded, but the mounting must be surliciently ?exible or resilient‘ 25 to prevent transmission of shock from the chassis to the relatively thin tank shell. Tanks of this type are also frequently provided with auxiliary storage compartments and running boards at 30 their opposite sides, and the matter of properly suspending these compartments and running boards has also presented relatively complex problems in the past. While it has heretofore been customary to especially design a suitable 35 tank mounting and auxiliary compartment sup-> port for each type of tank and truck chassis, this prior method of meeting the problem has been too costly and did not permit desirable standard ization, and the prior compartment supports did 40 not exclude water and moreover undesirably re stricted the available storage capacity of the compartments. . > ' It is therefore an object of the present inven tion to provide a new and useful tank mounting 45 which is adapted to effectively cooperate with 50 (Cl. 280—-5) chassis beams regardless of obstructions disposed near the latter. A further speci?c object of this invention is the provision of an improved side compartment and running board mounting which will not in terfere with the support for the intervening tank, and which will moreover permit location of the running boards at any desired level. Still another speci?c object of the present in~ vention is to provide various improvements in the details of construction of vehicular tank mountings of the type generally disclosed in prior Patent No. 2,008,858, granted July 23, 1935, but which are more generally applicable to tank ve hicles so as to reduce to a minimum the cost of 15 construction thereof and which will greatly fa cilitate the attachment of the tanks and side compartments to the vehicle proper. These and other speci?c objects and advan tages will be apparent from the following de tailed description. A clear conception of the various features con stituting the present improvement, and of the mode of constructing and of using mountings built in accordance with the invention, may be 25 had by referring to the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this speci?cation wherein like reference characters designate the same or similar parts in the various views: Fig. l is a side view of the rear portion of a truck tank, showing generally the improved mode of mounting the tank and side compartments upon the truck chassis; Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse vertical sec— tion through the tank and side compartment sup and-dash lines; Fig. 3 is a rear view of one of the side com partment supporting brackets; . Fig. 4 is a side View of the supporting bracket of Fig. 3; , Fig. 5 is a further enlarged side‘ elevation of one of the tank and compartment mountings showing the same applied directly over and in line with one of the chassis beams; 45 Fig. 6 is a transverse vertical section through tanks and vehicles of various types, and to also the assemblage of Fig. 5, taken along the line provide a simple and eiiective side compartment support which will insure maximum storage space 6--6; sealed against ingress of rain or the like. Figs. 5 and 6; Another speci?c object of my present invention is the provision of an improved resilient support for an elongated vehicular tank or the like, which may be conveniently adjusted so as to most effec Fig. 8 is a horizontal section through the mounting structure of Figs. 5 to '7 inclusive, taken along the line 8-—8 of Fig. 5 but showing the lower 55 tively cooperate with the tank and with the 35 ports, showing the tank and rear wheels in dot Fig. 7 is a top view of the mounting shown in 50 support in full; Fig. 9 is a view similar to that of Fig. 8, show- 55 2 2,114,822 ing the lower support offset outwardly wit. re» spect to the adjacent chassis beam; Fig. 10 is a transverse vci 2.1 Section through the assemblage of Fig. 8, taken along the line "L4G; Fig. 11 is another view similar to that of Fig. 8, showing the lower support offset inwardly with respect to the adjacent chassis beam; Fig. 12 is a transverse vertical section through the assemblage as shown in Fig. 11, taken along the line i2-_i2 of Fig. 11; and Fig. 13 is a horizontal section through Fig. 10 taken along the line iii-43. While the invention has been shown and de 15 scribed herein as being applied to an assemblage including an elliptical sectioned liquid trans porting tank and barrel carrier compartments located at the opposite sides of the tank, it is not the intent to thereby unnecessarily restrict the scope or field of adaptation of the improved fea tures. Referring especially to Figs. 1 and 2 01" the drawings, the tank vehicle shown therein com_ prises in general an elongated sheet metal tank 25 i5 having either elliptical or any other desired transverse cross-section; and a transporting truck having a driver’s cab 95 and channel shaped parallel chassis beams 5? upon which the tank I5 is mounted. rearwardly of the cab £6. The Vehicle or truck is of relatively conventional construction, the chassis beams i‘! being sup ported upon wheels is in a well known manner; and these beams normally being located closely adjacent to numerous obstructions such as springs and driving mechanism thereby making only local portions of the beams ii available for is attachment ordinarily ofprovided the tankwith i5 thereto. a propelling The motor mounted upon the chassis in front of the cab l6, and adapted to drive the wheels IS in the usual manner. The elongated sheet metal tank i5 may be formed of separable compartments, or it may have a unitary outer shell which may be divided into segregated compartments by means of in ternal partitions iii as indicated in Fig. 1; and his tank is also provided with the usual manhole openings at the top and with liquid dispensing piping at the bottom usually located between the 50 chassis beams i'i. Disposed between the bottom of the tank 55 and the top of the chassis beams ll, are two parallel tubular beam members 28, the rear open ends of which are ordinarily acces~ sible through rear storage compartment 2! for 65 insertion or removal of service hose, and which constitute the main supporting beams for the tank supporting saddle 22 and for opposite side auxiliary compartments 23, 2L3 and running boards 25 disposed at the sides of the tank it, as The saddle 22 is formed to snugly engage the bottom of the tank l5 which may be either detachably secured to the saddle by means of releasable clamping straps, or welded directly thereto, or otherwise 65 ?rmly attached; and the saddle 2'2 is provided with depending supporting struts 26 which co act with and may be rigidly attached to the tubu lar beam members 20, preferably adjacent each partition i9 and adjacent the tank ends, by weld ing or otherwise. These struts de?nitely ?x the location of the supporting beam members 20 relative to the saddle "2 and tank 55, and they are 60 clearly illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2. provided with inclined outwardly proje ting low er faces to which the auxiliary compartments 2;, 75 24 and the running board supporting brackets 2'6 may be rigidly secured by means of bolts or rivets 28 as depicted in Fig. 2. The side compartments 23, 24 may be formed of sheet metal and are preferably of sufficient size to receive and to conceal barrels, cans or the like, and these auxiliary compartments are suspended directly from the beam members 20 by means of angle brackets 29 in addition to being secured to the struts 2% as previously indicated. The angle brackets 29 may be welded directly to the mem 10 bers 25 as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, and such brackets may be provided wherever necessary; and the auxiliary compartments 23 are located in front of the wheels l8 while the compartments 24 are disposed behind these wheels. The side com~ 15 partments 23, 24 may be provided with suitable closure doors 36; and the brackets 27 which are concealed within these compartments, form sup ports for spacing elements 3i which provide direct supports for the running boards 25. The 20 running boards 25 extend horizontally along the opposite sides of the tank 15, and the elevation of these running boards may be determined by a desired selection of spacing elements 3| of dif ierent heights. The rear ends oi‘ the running boards may connect with stairs 32 leading to the lower rear end of the rear compartment 2| in a well-known manner, and these stairs cooperate with the sloping rear end of the compartment 2:’ to produce a highly streamlined appearance. The tank i5, saddles 22, compartments 2|, 23, 24, and running boards 25 are thus rigidly attached to the tubular beam members 20 to produce a single composite unit capable of being handled as such for installation purposes; and obviously the sizes and shapes of the tank and side compart ments, and the location of the running boards and beam members may be varied to suit differ ent conditions. The tubular beam members are adapted to 40 mounted upon the chassis beams H with the aid of the improved mountings shown in Figs. 5 to 13 inclusive, and each of these mountings com '- ’ses generally an upper saddle block 33 coacting "-ilth the bottom of the adjacent member 20 and clamped thereto by means of a pair of U-bolts 34; a lower support 35 adapted. to rest either direct ly or through a bearing plate upon the adjacent chassis beam i‘! and having a central upwardly extending hollow boss a resilient annular buiTer block 3'! snugly embracing the boss 36 and coacting with the top of the support 35 and with the bottom of the block 32 witl'iin an annular de pending ?ange 38 formed integral with the latter; and a central vertical connecting bolt 39 extend~ ing through the boss 35 and coacting with the block 33 and support 35 to confine the block 37 in place. The resilient block 37 may be formed of rubber or the like, and the head of the clamp ing bolt 39 is con?ned ‘ ithin a recess él? in the saddle block 33 while the clamping nut 44 co acting with the bolt as is confined within a cen tral recess 42 in the corresponding support 35 and coacts with a washer 1113 which in turn coacts with a resilient washer 4'3 irectly engaging the support 35. The base of the support 35 is pro vided with a series of variably notched cars 1'45, ‘it, 5?, of which the central ears [35 project out wardly to a greater extent than the intermediate ears whereas the latter extend outwardly farther than the end ears 12?. A set of clamping bolts [58 is adapted to coact with selected cars 45, 636, ill? of the support 35, and with a clamping bar coact’ g with the bottom of the adjacent chassis in ii through clamping nuts 5!] and 75 2,114,822 lock washers, as shown. In order to reenforce the chassis beam H at each mounting, a jack is 3 transmitted from the beams ii to the tank l5. each of these jacks has upper and lower blocks 5!, 52 respectively, and an intervening jack screw When auxiliary compartments 23, 2d and running boards 25 are utilized, the present improvement provides simple and effective instrumentalities for suspending such accessories without subjecting 53. The blocks 5|, 52 have outwardly extending the tank E5 to undesirable stress. The compart applied between the horizontal beam ?anges, and integral ?anges 54 provided with holes which are ments may also be maintained water tight so as to adapted to be pierced by the bolts $8 in order to prevent ingress of rain, and the improvement retain each jack in proper position Within the makes maximum capacity available in these side compartments for storage purposes. The running 10 boards 25 may also be disposed at any desired 10 adjacent chassis beam ll. During normal use of the improvement, the tank l5 after being completed, may be ?rmly mounted upon the saddle 22 after the latter has been assembled and secured to the tubular beam members 20, either before or after the auxiliary compartments 2?», 2G and the running boards 25 have been applied. The brackets 21, 29 which are initially rigidly associated with the members 26 then effectively support the compartments 23, 24, and by selecting spacers iii of suitable height, the running boards 25 may be ?rmly supported at any desired elevation on opposite sides of the tank. The assembled saddle 22 and tubular mem bers 26, together With the tank I5 and compart ments 23, 24 if these are permanently applied, may thereafter be handled as a unit for attach ment to the vehicle. The saddle blocks 33 may be initially loosely attached to the members 2i) with the aid of the U-bolts 34, and the lower supports to 35 may-likewise be loosely initially suspended from the blocks 33 by means of the bolts 39. The loosely assembled mountings may then be brought into approximate position with respect to the chassis beams H, and thereafter adjusted to per 35 fect coaction and subsequently ?rmlyclamped in position. Depending upon the relative disposition of the chassis beams ll, the lower supports 35 may be positioned either as shown in Figs. 8, 9, or 11, and the clamping bolts 48 and bars 49 may be ?nally applied together with the reenforcing jacks, to ?rmly and ?nally lock the supports 35 in place with the bolts 48 located as close as possible to the beams ii. The variably notched will ears obviously 45, d6, d1permit formedeiiective on the clamping lower supports with the bars t9 preferably disposed at an angle to the beams I? so as to secure maximum clamping area and to prevent possible displacement of the sup ports 35, and the jack screws 53 may be readily 50 adjusted to augment the clamping effect and to reenforce the channel beams H’. The improve ment thus provides an eifective mounting and at tachment cooperable with chassis beams spaced different distances apart, and the assemblage may obviously be readily handled and applied to trucks of various types. By virtue of the ad justability oi‘ the mountings afforded by the sup ports 35 and blocks 33, relative to the tubular members 253, these mountings may be disposed so as to avoid interfering with obstructions which may be located near the chassis beams ii, and this adjustability also permits standardization of the mounting for various types of tank trucks. From the foregoing description it will be ap (35 parent that the present invention provides an improved mounting for vehicular tanks and aux iliary compartments, which'is simple, compact and durable in construction, and which may moreover be conveniently applied to various 70 classes of truck tank assemblages. With the im proved mounting, the supports may be most ef fectively located so as to insure proper mounting of the tank regardless of its shape, and the re silient buffer blocks 31 and the washers ‘l4 func 75 tion to absorb shock which might otherwise be elevation, and the entire assemblage is especially adapted to insure obtaining of maximum stream lined effect in the external appearance of the assembled vehicular tank. The use of tubular beams 2!) is preferable because of the added strength and the hose storage space made avail able thereby. The invention has proven extreme ly practical in actual commercial use and great iy facilitates the manufacture and assemblage of 20 truck tanks without sacri?cing durability. It should be understood that it is not desired to limit the present invention to the exact details of construction and to the precise mode of as sembling tank mountings, as herein shown and 125' described, for various modi?cations within the scope of the claims may occur to persons skilled in the art. I claim:1. In combination, a pair of laterally spaced 30 tubular beams, a saddle rigidly connecting said beams, a tank secured to said‘ saddle, brackets secured to said beams independently of said sad die, and side compartments mounted upon said brackets, said side compartments also being se cured directly to said saddle and the tops of said compartments providing running boards on oppo site sides of said tank. 2. In combination, a pair of laterally spaced parallel beams, a saddle rigidly connecting said beams, a tank supported by said saddle, side com partments secured to said saddle, the tops of said side compartments providing running boards on opposite sides of said tank, brackets secured to said saddle and extending into said. compartments beneath said running boards, and spacers inter posed between said brackets and said running boards. 3. In combination, a pair of laterally spaced parallel beams, a saddle rigidly connecting said beams, a tank supported by said saddle, side com partments secured to said saddle, the tops of said side compartments providing running boards on opposite sides of said tank, brackets secured to said saddle and extending into said compart ments beneath said running boards, spacers in terposed between said brackets and said running boards, and common means for attaching said brackets and said compartments directly to said saddle. 4. In combination, a pair of laterally spaced beams, a saddle rigidly connecting said beams, a tank supported upon said saddle, side compart ments secured to said saddle, supporting brackets for said compartments secured directly to said ‘beams, other brackets secured to said saddle and extending into said compartments, and spacers interposed between said other brackets and the tops of said compartments, said compartment tops being located above the top of said saddle on opposite sides of said tank. 5. In combination, a pair of laterally spaced beams, a saddle mounted upon and rigidly inter connecting said beams, a tank supported by said 35 55 60 65 70 saddle, side compartments suspended from said 75 2,114,822 beams, mounting blocks coacting with said beams for adjustment therealong, and supports for said mounting blocks angularly adjustably attached thereto, said blocks and said supports providing mountings for said beams located between said compartments. 6. In combination, a pair of parallel tubular beams, a tank supported by said beams, chassis beams disposed beneath said tubular beams, 10 mounting blocks coacting directly with said tubu lar beams, supports coacting directly with said chassis beam, a pivotal connection between each of said mounting blocks and the complementary support, and a resilient block interposed between each support and the adjacent mounting block. 7. In combination, a pair of parallel tubular beams, a tank supported by said beams, chassis beams disposed beneath said tubular beams, mounting blocks coacting directly with said tubu lar beams, supports coasting directly with said chassis beam, a pivotal connection between each of said mounting blocks and the complementary support, and a resilient block interposed between each support and the adjacent mounting block, 25 said resilient blocks surrounding said pivotal con nections. 8. In combination, a pair of upper beams, a tank supported by said beams, chassis beams dis— posed beneath said upper beams, mounting blocks secured to said upper beams, resilient blocks co acting with said mounting blocks, and supports coacting with said resilient blocks and with said chassis beams, said supports being adjustably at tached to both said mounting blocks and said 35 chassis beams. 9. In combination, a pair of tubular beams, a tank mounted upon said beams, chassis beams of channel shape disposed beneath said tubular porting beams and said chassis beams, said mountings having ears of different lengths co acting with said chassis beams, and attaching bolts for said mountings coacting with said ears and located closely adjacent to said chassis beams. 11. In combination, an elongated tank, sup porting beams disposed beneath said tank and extending longitudinally thereof, chassis beams disposed beneath said supporting beams, inter vening mountings interposed between said sup porting beams and said chassis beams, said mountings having ears of diiferent lengths coact ing with said chassis beams, attaching bolts for said mountings coacting with said ears and lo cated closely adjacent to said chassis beams, and clamping bars coacting with said bolts and with the lower faces of said chassis beams, said bars being disposed diagonally across said lower faces. 12. In combination, a tank, channel shaped chassis beams disposed beneath said tank, mount 20 ings for said tank resting upon the upper ?anges of said chassis beams, clamping bars for said mountings coacting with the lower ?anges of said chassis beams, and jack screws interposed be tween sai'l beam flanges adjacent to said mount ings. 13. In combination, a tank, channel shaped chassis beams disposed beneath said tank, mount ings for said tank resting upon the upper ?anges of said chassis beams, clamping bars for said 30 mountings coacting with the lower ?anges of said chassis beams, jack screws interposed between said beam ?anges adjacent to said mountings, and clamping bolts connecting said mountings and said bars, said bolts coacting with said jacks to 35 prevent displacement thereof. is. In combination, an elongated tank, chassis beams having superimposed ?anges the upper of beams, resilient mountings interposed between which support said tank, mountings interposed said tubular beams and said chassis beams, and a between said tank and said upper beam ?anges, 40 said mountings having side notches of different jack screw coacting with said chassis beams adja cent to each of said mountings. 10. In combination, an elongated tank, sup porting beams disposed beneath said tank and extending longitudinally thereof, chassis beams disposed beneath said supporting beams, inter vening mountings interposed between said sup depths disposed in series along said beams, and clamping bolts for said mountings coacting with selected notches of each series to position said bolts closely adjacent the edges of said beam ?anges regardless of the lateral spacing thereof. FREDERICK G. THWAITS.