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Патент USA US2114851

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April 19, 1938.
2,114,851
M. MccowN
VENTRILOQUIST’S DUMMYY
‘Filed July v51, 1937
2 sheets-sheet 1
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INVENTOR
BY#Z. `
M
l
ATTORNEYS
April 19, 1938.
M, McCowN
2,114,851,
vENTR’ILoQUIsT’s DUMMY
,
Filed July 31,. 1937
.
2 sheets-sheet 2
30
IN VENTOR.
ATTORNEYS
Patented Apr. 19, 1938
_ -. 2,111,851
UNïieD STATES PATENT or-'FlcE
‘ 2.114.851
- vENrxmoQmsrs DUMMì'
Martha. McCown, Phoenicla, N. Y.
application July 31, 1931. 'serial No. 156,614
‘
s claims.
(c1. 413-126)
My invention relates to a new and improved member 8 are connected to the side walls of the
toy ventriloquist’s dummy.
~
One of the objects of my invention is to pro
videa toy which shall be durable in construction,
5 and which can be manufactured and assembledat low cost.
Another object of my invention is to provide
a toy having simple and conveniently assembled
means for manipulating the head of the dummy,
10 and also for manipulating the eyes and the
lower jaw of the dummy, so that a child can
body 9, by means of suitable fastening members _
Il. The member 8 ‘can be made of suitable
covered rubber cord or the like.
The legs of the dummy comprise 'upper por- 5
tions 6 and lower portions 2. 'I'he upper leg por
tions are provided with eyes 1, _which pass around
the elastic cord 8. The lower leg portions are
provided with feet I. The upper leg portions ‘G
and the lower leg portions 2 are connected to`10
Veach other by means of intermediate connecting
readily manipulate the dummy.
members 3 which are located in suitable vertical
Another object of the invention is to- provide slots of said members 2 and 6. Said connecting
a device which can be made of simple and sturdy members 3 are connected to the leg portion 6 by
means of pins 5, so that there is a vrigid assembly 15
15 parts, which can be readily assembled.
Other objects of my invention will be stated between the members 3 and 6. The membersl 2
in the following description and drawings, which Ik.are turnably connected to the members 3, by
means of pivot pins A.
illustrate a preferred embodiment of the inven
A hollow post i6 passes turnably through the
tion, it being understood that the above general
top of the body 9. Means are provided for pre 20
2 a statement of the objects of my invention is in
tended merely to explain the same generally, venting any longitudinal movements of the post
but Without limiting it in any manner.
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the improved
dummy, a representation of a part of the gar
» 25 ment of the dummy having been omitted, and a
part of said figure being in section.
_
Fig. 2 is a sectional view, partially in eleva
tion, on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of Fig. 1, the garments
30 of the dummy having been omitted, and the rep
resentation of the back of the head of the dummy
having been omitted, in order to show the in
terior construction of the parts of the head more
clearly.
,
Figs. 4 and 5 are respectively sectional views
on the lines ü-t and 5-5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view, showing the
assembly between the parts for manipulating the
eyes and the lower jaw of the dummy, and the
40 post upon which the head of the dummy is
35
mounted.
.
Referring particularly to Fig. 3, the body 9 of
i6 relative to the body 9. _ Such means can con
sist of a pin i7, fastened to the post I6.
The head 2| of the doll is located wholly above
the top of the body portion 9, and the neck of` 25
the head is provided with the usual socket, by
means of which the head- 2l is connected to the
top of the post` I6.
'
`
As shown in Fig. 5, and'also in Fig. 2, the head
of the dummy is provided with a movable jaw 3
portion 25, which is pivotally connected to the
head of the doll by means of a pivot pin 22. This
pivot pin 22 passes through jaw portion 20, and
the ends of said pin are imbedded in the material
of the head of the doll. Member 2B turns on 35
member 22;
Y
In order to lmake the parts, the head of the
doll may be made in two parts. The front part
which is relatively stiff and hard and durable can
have the pivot pin 22 connected thereto, and it 40
can also 'have the eye-assembly connected
thereto.
'
the doll has a rectangular opening therein. Said
The rear of the head of the doll may be com
body 3 can be made of wood or any other suitable
45 material, and it can be made of several parts
pleted, by using any suitable moldable construc
tion.
'
-
45
As shown in Fig. 5, the movable jaw member
which can be suitably connected to each other,
although it may be' of integral construction, as 20 is provided with a member 23a, which ex
shown in Fig. 3.
tends inwardly from the rear of said jaw member
The lower end of the body 9 is provided with o 20. Said member 23a can be provided with an
eye 23. A first wire or first_manipulating mem- 50
50 perforated lugs l0. A member 8, made of suit
able elastic material, is passed through the per
ber 28, has an upper bent portion 28a, which
forations of the lugs I8, and the ends of said passes through said eye 23. Said .member 28
elastic member 8 extend upwardly along the is located within hollow post I‘6, and member
outer surfaces of the side walls of the body 9. 28 is moved vertically relative to said post. As
55 These upwardly extending legs of the elastic shown in Fig. 6, the post I6 has a. vertical slot 55
2
2,114,851
in its wall. The wire 28 has an exterior loop 21,
or any other type of convenient ñngerhold.
Hence, by moving the loop 21 up and down, the
jaw member 20 can be rocked, up and down.
The head of the doll is also provided with arti
r’ìcial eyes 23, which are mounted so that they can
be moved up and down, and also from side to side.
Numerous forms of eye-assemblies are Well
known for this purpose.
I have shown suitable and improved means, in
cluding a lateral bar 29, having sockets or open
ings in which the artificial eyes 23 are partially
located. 'I‘he eyes 23 can turn freely in all di
rections, relative to the openings or sockets which
15 are provided in the member 29. The member 29
is connected to the wall of the head 2|, by means
of a member 30 which is partially imbedded in
the material of the head 2|. The inner end of
this member 30 is threaded, and a suitable nut
20 |30 clamps the block 29 into position against the
inner surface of the front wall of the doll.
The eyes 23 have inwardly directed members
These inwardly
extending and rigid members 24 are turnably
ì 24 suitably connected thereto.
25 connected by means of pivot pins 24a, to a cross
bar 25. As shown in Fig. 2, said cross-bar 25 is
provided with a depending lug 25a, having a ver
tical slot extending upwardly from the bottom
wall thereof. The wire or member for manipu
30 lating the eyes, is designated by thereference nu
meral I8. At its upper end, and as shown in Fig.
2, said member I8 is provided with a bent por
tion I8a, whose upper end is located in the slot of
the lug 25. The lug 25 and the top or vertical
35 branch of the part |811, are connected by means
of a suitable pivot pin.
'I‘he dummy can be provided with trousers I2,
which can be connected to the side walls of the
body 9, by means of pins I4. Said pins I4 pref
40 erably have heads, to which the top of the trou
sers may be connected detachably if desired.
' Said pins I4 can pass through the material of the
trousers.
The dummy is also provided with arm mem
45 bers, consisting of fabric strips 3| and 3| a, which
enclose masses of stuiiing 33. The outer ends of
the arm members are connected to hand mem
bers 34.
'I'he dummy is also provided with a jacket I5,
50 having arm portions 33.
_
As shown in Fig. 3, the hand H of the child can
be applied, so that one ñnger enters the loop 21.
This is preferably the third finger. The thumb
and the first finger can hold the lateral finger
55 hold I9, which is connected to the bottom of the
member I8.
When the jaw of the dummy is closed, the loop
21 is substantially at the bottom of the post I6,
and, the ñnger-hold I9 is located below the bottom
60 of the post I6.
_
The offset finger-hold I9 can be moved up and
down, and it can also be turned, so as to move
the eyes of the dummy up and down, or to cause
them to move sideways, or to have any type of
65 desired rolling movement.
Hence the controls are conveniently assembled.
While the hand of the operator is in the posi
tion illustrated in Fig. 3,-the post I6 can be turned
so as to turn the `head of the dummy, and the
70 member I9 or the member 21 can be moved up
and down relative to the post I6 and the member
I8 can also be turned on its own axis. It is not
necessary for the hand of the operator to shift
in order to provide all the manipulations.
It will be noted that the planes of the offset
75
members 21 and I8 are substantially perpendic
ular to each other in what may be designated as
the normal positions of the eyes and of the jaw.
In said normal position the jaw member 20 is
closed, and the eyes 23 have their pupils centrally
located in the sockets which are provided in the
iront wall of the head of the doll.
Likewise, by making the body of the doll of a
frame-like member having an opening therein,
the parts can be assembled and manipulated con
veniently.
It will also be noted that the control members
21 and I9 are located wholly within the opening of
the frame-like body 9, so that the manipulating
parts are not injured when the toy is handled or
packed.
In the preferred embodiment, I have shown the
frame-like member 9 having an opening which
extends through-and-through said member 9.
However, it would be equivalent to provide said
member 9 with a recess instead of providing the
same with a through-and-through opening.
Hence, whenever I refer to a frame-like body
member having an opening therein, I include
within the scope of the invention, a frame-like
bodv member having a recess.
In order to illustrate the parts more clearly, I
have shown the width of the slot and the hollow
post I6, as Substantially greater than the thick
ness of the loop member 21, part of which is lo
cated within the hollow post I6 and part of which
is exterior to said post I6. However, the loop 21
may flt fairly snugly in said slot so that when the
loop 21 is turned relative to the vertical axis of
the post I 6, the post turns with said loop 21 in
substantial unison.
In certain aspects of the invention, it is not
limited to the frame-like body.
I have shown a preferred embodiment of my
invention, but it is clear that numerous changes
and omissions can be made without departing
from its spirit.
I claim:
1. A dummy having a frame-like body member
having an opening therein, a. hollow post extend
ing through the top wall of said frame-like body
member and located above and below said top
wall, said post being turnable on its axis relative
to said top wall, a head located above said top
20
30
40
45
wall and connected to the post so as to turn in 50
unison therewith, said head having a jaw member
movably connected thereto, said head also hav
ing eye members movably connected thereto, a
first operating member connected to said jaw
member, the first operating member passing 55
through said hollow post and extending below
said post, a second operating member connected
to the' eye members, the second operating mem
ber having an offset portion which extends
laterally through a vertical slot which is _provided 60
in a wall of said hollow post.
2. A dummy comprising a body, a hollow post
turnably mounted on said body so that said hol
low post can turn around its own axis, a head
mounted on said body, said head having a mov 65
able jaw member and also having movable eye
members, operating members located within said
post and movable vertically relative thereto, said
operating members being respectively connected
to said jaw member and to said eye members so 70
as to operate the same, the operating member
which is connected to the eye members being
assembled with the post so that said operating
member and the post turn in unison when the
post is turned around its own axis.
75
3
2,114,851 _
~ 3. .A dummy comprising a body, a hollow post - which extends through a vertical not in the wan
lof the post, said ñnger-hold being partially lo
turnably mounted on said body so that said hol
low post can~ turn around its own axis, a. head cated within the post and being partially located
external tothe post, so that the jaw member
mounted on said body, said head having a mov
5 able jaw member and also having movable eye can be moved up and down by moving said iirst
members, operating members located within said operating member up and down, and the post is
post and movable vertically relative thereto, said turned in unison with said iirst operating mem
operating members being respectively connected ber when said iirst operating member is turned
to said jaw member and to said eye members so
l0 as to operate the same, the operating member
which is connected to the eye members being
assembled with the post so that said operating
member and the post turn in unison when the
post is turned around its own axis, the last
15 mentioned operating member `having a :linger
hold which extends laterally through a vertical
slot in' said post.
'
"
around a vertical axis, a second operating mem
ber also extending through said hollow post. the 10
second operating member having a lateral ñnger
hold which is located below the ringer hold of
the ñrst operating member, the upper part of
the second operating member being connected
to said lateral bar, so that‘ the eye members can
be rocked up and .down by vertically manipulat
ing the second operating member, and the eye
4. A dummy having a body, a hollow post' members can -be rocked about a vertical axis by
mounted on. said body, said hollow post being turning the second operating member-,around its
20 turnable around its own- axis, a head mounted ou` i
own axis.
-
20
l
5. A dummy having a head, said head having
said hollow post, .said head having a jaw member
which is pivotally mounted to the head so that Y a jaw member and also eye members movably
said jaw member can move up and down, said connected thereto, independent operating mem
'head also having eye sockets. eye members bers being respectively connected to said jaw
25 mounted in said sockets for turning lmovement member and to said eye members so as to 25
L about a vertical axis and for turning .movement manipulate the same.
about a horizontal axis, said eye members hav
6. A dummy having a head.v said head having -
ing inwardly extending members connected there
to, said inwardly extending members being> piv
a jaw member movably connected thereto, said
head also’having eye _members movably' con
nected thereto, a frame-like lbody having _an 30
opening-a ñrst operating member connected to
30 otally connected by means o! vertical pivots to a
- lateral connecting member so that said lateral
connecting member can be moved up and down
anditcanbealsomovedbackandforthinthe
direction of its longitudinal axis. a ñrst operating
$5 member passing, through said hollow post and
movable up and down relative to the post and '
connected to said Jaw member. said first op- t.
f erating member. having a> lateral anger-hold
said :law member so as to manipulate the same,
a second operating member. connected to the eye
members for manipulating said eye members,
said operating members- passing through the top 35
wall o! said body and having portions which are
exposed in said opening.
„
~
..
\
MARTHA McCOWN.
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