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Патент USA US2114956

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-April 19, 193,8.
RUNPROOF
FLAT'
-
,
E.
CARLSON
-RESISTANT FULL-FASHIONED OR
T` STOCKING .OR BLANK THEREFOR
Original Filed
March 4, 1957
2,1 14,956
.
5 Sheets-Shea# l4
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Aprnl 19, 1938.
' E. E. CARLSON
-,
2,114,955
RUNPROOF OR RUN-RESISTANT FULL-FASHIONED OR
FLAT-KNIT STOCKING OR BLANK THEREFOR
Original Filed March 4,v 1937
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
es.
Patented Apr., l9, 15938
.
anlass
I
PATENT -ÜFFICE
2,114,956
RUNPRUOF OR RUN ¿RESISTANT FULL
FASHIONED 0R. FLAT-KNIT STOCKING OE
BLANK THEREFOR
Ellsworth E. Carlson, Saratoga Springs, N.- Y.,
assigner to Van Raalte Company, New York,
N. Y., a corporation of New York
Original application March 4, 193'?, Serial No,
128,951. Divided and this application July 7,
1937, Serial No. 152,338
12 claims.
disclosed as knitted of full width throughout. In
those patents wherein means for knitting the
stocking blank is disclosed, I have among Í,other
This invention relates to »run-proof or run-re
sistant full-fashioned or flat-knit stockings or
ß blanks therefor.
In order that the principle of the invention
may be readily understood, I shall disclose sev
eral types or embodiments of the vsaid stocking
m
'
The stockings or blanks herein> disclosed are
.
transferring stitches for fasnioning the fabric.
In certain of said patents the stocking blank is
This application is a division of my co-pending
application Ser. No. 128,951, ñled March 4, 1937.
or blank.
-
(Cl. (i6-178)
things disclosed the knitting of a blank or a con
tinuous succession of blanks each knitted of full
width down to the toe.
» In this application, I have disclosed the knit
» ting of the entire stocking blank from the com
made basically in accordance with patents al
ready issued to me, among which I'particularly
refer to the following: No. 1,978,408, Oct. 30, 1934;
No. 1,978,409, Oct. 30, 1934; No. 1,978,412, Oct.
H @l 30, 1934; No. 2,011,267, Aug. 13, 1935; No. 2,014,
mencement of the welt through the toe, all upon
a single-unitv single-head machine, the warp
threads which render the stocking of a non-run
or strongly run-resistant character extending
continuously throughout each stocking blank.
The machine shown in the patent to Howie and
126, Sept.,10, 1935; No. 2,037 ,000, April 14, 1936; , Krieble,
No, 1,982,991, is known upon the market
No. 2,039,283, May 5, 1936, and No. 2,049,994, Aug.
4, 1936.
Said machine as now upon the market is of sev
Fig. 1 is a plan View of a non-run or strongly
20 run-resistant blank knitted of full width
throughout and in accordance with my inven
'
`
f
Fig. 2 is a similar View showing a blank after
trimming;
<
_
Fig. 3 is a view upon an enlarged scale of the
lower portion of the blank shown in Fig. 1 to in
dicate the presence of the warp threads through
out the entire extent of the said blank;
Fig.. 4 is a diagrammatic plan view of a heel
portion and a part of the fabric adjacent there-,
to when made by a widening action in alternate
courses,` this being desirably done by employing
mechanism generally of the so-called TW type;
Fig. 5 .is a plan view of the toe portion of the
35
fabric to indicate diagrammatically the narrow
ling action;
Fig. 6 is a view of the foot portion of the stock
ing to indicate the seaming along the middle of
49 the bottom thereof, which is continued up the
back of the leg;
Fig. 7 is a somewhat diagrammatic view to in
dicate the formation of the heel portions, which
I preferably accomplish by using mechanism gen
45 erally of the so-called TC type; and
Figs. 8 and 9 represent diagrammatically the
formation of the heel, which I preferably accom
plish by using mechanism of the general TL type.
'
15
as the Wildman single-unit single-head machine.
'
In the drawings,
tion;
10
In my patents hereinbefore referredto, I have
disclosed a non-run or strongly run-resistant
full-fashioned or flat-knit stocking or blank
therefor, wherein a warp thread is preferably in
trodu'ced, one for each needle Wale. In certainl oi.’
55 said patents, I have disclosed means for laterally
eral types known respectively as the TW, the TC
_and the TL machines. In the said TW machine,
the instep stitches are not taken 0E the needles
during the knitting of the heel tabs or members.v
In the TL type, the instep stitches are taken oiî
the instep needles during the knitting of the heel 25
tabs or members, and then returned to the same
needles.
i
To the several types of the Wildman single
unit single-head machines, I have applied mech
anism disclosed in my said parent application 30
Ser. No. 128,951 for the ‘introduction ofv warp
threads preferably one to each needle Wale, which
warp threads are continued in action throughout
the knitting of the entire blank, namely, from
the commencement of the top welt through the 35
termination of the toe, and in so doing I have
made a distinctly novel full-fashioned or ñat
knit stocking or blank therefor, of a non-run or
strongly run-resistant character throughout, and
which is the subject matter of the present appli 40
cation.
.
Where I refer in the specification to a weft
thread or a body thread or the like, it is to be
understood that such terminology‘is intended to
include the introduction of three or more threads 45
in accordance with the Kaufman method dis
closed in 'the Kaufman Patent No. 1,969,307, Au
gust 7, 1934.
`
The stocking blank, shown -in its unñnished
condition in Fig. 1 and in its trimmed condition 50
in Fig. 2 at I and 2 respectively, so -far as the
portion thereof down to the heel tabs is con
cerned, is desirably knitted in the manner dis
closed in my Patent No. 1,978,408, Fig. 3, and
more fully described in my Patent No. 1,978,409, 55
2
2,114,956
wherein the stocking blank in its unfinished con
dition is represented in Fig, 37. In said Patent
No. 1,978,409 is disclosed a Reading type of full
fashioned knitting machine, whereas the blank
shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 thereof is made upon
the operation of the machine the Warp threads
are continuously introduced stocking blank after
stocking blank, so that they are not removed from
the warp thread guides or lingers, but are by said
guides or fingers constantly introduced into the
the Wildman single-unit single-head machine.
fabric or fabrics as the same isor are knitted.
In both cases I introduce a separate warp thread
I have also ín said Fig. 3 indicated diagrammati
cally the character of the fabric not only in the
said single representative needle Wale but at other
to each needle Wale throughout the width of the
fabric and conñne each warp thread to its own
10 needle Wale throughout, so that each sinker Wale
is devoid of a Warp thread. While my invention
is not limited thereto, I have preferred in prac
tice to introduce a separate warp thread to each
needle Wale and to confine each warp thread to
15 its own needle Wale throughout. While I prefer
to knit the stocking blank of full width through
out, my invention is not so limited.
_'
Desirably I employ natural silk threads in the
manufacture of the stocking,- but my invention
20 is not limited to the use of any particular mate
rial. Preferably, however, I do employ natural
silk and the body thread or threads may be of
such character as to result in chiiîon hosiery,
but my invention is not so limited.
I may em
25 ploy in the manufacture of chiffon hosiery one
portions thereof.
»
Referring further to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, and als
to Figs. 4, 5 and 6, and making reference in this
connection to the so-called TW type single-unit
single-head machine, it is pointed out that Where
as in all of my patents hereinbefore referred to 15
stitches are laterally transferred inward to effect
narrowings (although certain claims of said
patents are not so limited), I, in this application,
disclose the transferring of stitches outward to
widen the fabric. The stitches so transferred 20
outwardly are stitches in the heel tabs III, I0
of Figs. l, 2 and 3. In Fig. 4 I have shown
diagrammatically one of said heel tabs or por
tions IU. In order that the said heel tabs or
portions maybe formed or produced upon a more 25
thread or more, and the warp threads are also
preferably of silk of like character, so that'the
satisfactory outward inclination to the instep
resulting stocking blank is made of silk through
but, preferably in the gray and subsequently
right-angled relation thereto), I desirably later
ally transfer outward heel-tab portions of
30 dyed, but my invention may also be employed in
the manufacture of ingrain stockings.
In Figs. 1 and 2, the upper Welt is shown at 3.
Although the stocking blank is knitted of the full
width throughout as shown in Fig. 1, stitches
35 are laterally transferred inward both near the
knee portion as indicated at d, 4in Figs. 1 and 2,
and also at the calf portion as indicated at 5, 5
in saidñgures. In so fashioning the stocking
blank, I preferably proceed in the manner fully
40 disclosed in my said Patent No. 1,978,409 and
particularly in Figs. 25 to 29 thereof. Each warp
thread continues in action without being severed
and without the fabric being removed from the
machine, from the commencementof the welt 3
45 down to the extreme lower end of the blank in
dicated by the line 6_6. In other words, the
warp threads are continued, without necessary
thread severance, to the toe portion 1 of the stock
ing, this including not only the instep portion
50 8 but also the high splice portions 9, the heel
tabs or portions I 0 and the two portions II, II,
which when seamed together constitute the under
Side of the foot, which in this case would result
in the manufacture of the French type of foot,
55 to which, however, my invention is not limited,
as I may make the foot of the English type. The
said blank is desirably reinforced as indicated
in Figs. 1 and 2 in the high splice, the heel and
the sole of the foot by the introduction of Vaddi
portion, etc. (that is, more nearly assuming a
courses of stitches throughout an extensive por
30
tion of each of said heel tabs. The stitchesso
laterally transferred outwan’d are desirably each
composed of the warp thread loop and the weft
thread loop together composing such stitch, al
though within the scope of my invention I may 35
transfer outwardly only one of the threads of
each of said loops, as, for example, the body or
weft thread. Desirably, however, I laterally
transfer outward both the warp and the weft
thread constituents of each loop where transfer 40
occurs.
Referring more particularly to Fig. 4, the ñrst
course in the heel tab or portion is represented
diagrammatically at I 4. 'I‘his course consists
entirely of non-laterally transferred stitches.
The next course I5 knitted in the same direc
tion preferably consists throughout the heel tab
or portion of stitches laterally transferred out
wardly. The next course I6 knitted in the same
direction preferably consists of stitches not
laterally transferred, and the next course I1
knitted in said same direction consists of stitches
a-ll of Which in the heel-tab areas are laterally
transferred outwardly. This alternation of non..
laterally transferred stitches' forming one course
and laterally outwardly transferred throughout
the heel-tab areas in the next course knitted in
said same direction is preferably continued
throughout the formation of each heel tab or
60 tional threads in a manner which need not be
portion.
more fully described.
It is unnecessary to show the structure of each
stitch of the fabric upon a suiìciently large scale
to represent both the body or weft threads and
65 the warp thread as entering into and constituting
the same, but it is to be understood that such is
the structure herein and’ hereby disclosed. I
have, however, in Fig. 3, represented one char
Thus, I have disclosed a structurel wherein at
least one of the threads constituting a stitch (i. e.
the warp thread and the body or weft thread) is
acteristic needle Wale as representative of each
70 and every needle Wale throughout the fabric. In
said figure, the weft or body thread is indicated
at I2 and the warp thread at I3. The warp
thread I3 is introduced at and for the very com
mencement of the upper Welt and continues down
75 through the toe. It is to be understood that in
10
laterally
60
transferred outward.
Suchl lateral
transfer outward occurs throughout an extensive 65
portion of the fabric and is preferably a lateral
transfer of both the Warp threads and the body
or weft thread. Such transfer in the heel tabs or
portions occu'rs in separated courses and desira
bly in alternate courses knitted in the same di
rection.
Thus, the stocking blank is provided
with heel portions whereof alternate courses
knitted in the same direction only have laterally
transferred outward stitches that are composed
both of warp threads_and of the body thread or 75
2,114,956
threads. All of the stitches of one or more of the `
courses in the heel portions are thus laterally
' transferred outward for the purpose of widening
the heel tabs and giving them more nearly a
right-angled relation to the instep.
It will thus be understood that I have pro
vided a blank or stocking wherein is provided a
series of warp threads one for substantially each
needle wale of the fabric and collectively knitted
lil into substantially all the stitches of the needle
wales, so that substantially each stitch of the
main thread or threads of the fabric has a stitch
of a warp thread to render the said fabric of a
non-run or strongly run-resistant character.
said stocking blank having stitches laterally
transferred outwardly.
It will further be understood that as the stock
ing blank is knitted upon a machine capable of
knitting the entire foot and the toe upon the
same machine which formed the leg, I have pro
vided a full-fashioned or ñat-knit run-proof or
strongly run-resistant stocking blank comprising
an integrally knitted leg portion, as shown in
Figs. l and 2, an instep portion 8, heel portions I8,
foot-sole portions II and a toe portion 'I, said
blank comprising a main or body thread or
threads knitted into all the wales of the said
blank from edge to edge thereof and into all the
courses of the said blank and a series of warp
30 threads extending integrally (i. e. Without nec
essary thread severance) lengthwise the fabric
through the said leg portion, instep, heel, foot
sole and toe. Thus, the said stocking or blank,
when knitted upon the said TW type of Wildrnan
35 full-fashioned machine, has as a continuation
formed initially and integrally therewith and
without necessary thread severance, an instep
portion with initially integral lateral extensions,
I I, I I, which together, when seamed as indicated
3
in Figs. 1 and 2, an outwardly downwardly ex
tending inclined line of openings, which openings
are respectively traversed by certain of said con
tinuous warp threads. The knitting of the said
instep portion 8 continues course for course ‘dur
ing the knitting of the heel portions I8, I0 (i. e.
without.taking the instep stitches or fabric off
the needles) ; that is, when producing the fabric
upon the said TW type of machine.
Such stocking blank I of Fig. 1 has as a con
10
tinuation formed initially and integrally there
with and without necessary thread severance,-an
instep portion 8 with initially integral lateral ex
tensions i I, Il, that together, when seamed, con- _
stitute the bottom of the foot, as indicated at 2| 15
in Fig. 6, said blank also having a toe ‘I constitut
ing an initially integral extension of the said in
step portion 8 and said lateral extensions I I, the
said warp threads extending without necessary
thread severance throughout the entire longitudi 20
nal extent of said heel portions Il), I0, instep por
tion 8, foot-bottom portions II, II, and toe 'I.
The toe is fashioned by lateral transfer of
stitches, as indicated diagrammatically at 22 in
Fig. 5. These stitches are laterally transferred 25
inward by one-neeedle narrowings.
Thus, my invention includes in the disclosure
thereof thus far referred to, a full-fashioned or
flat-knit stocking blank knitted of full width
throughout, having a main or body thread or 30
threads knitted into all the wales from edge to
edge of the fabric blank and into all portions of
the said blank, said stocking blank' having a
series of Warp threads one for substantially each
needle wale of the fabric and collectively knitted 35
into substantially all the stitches of the said
needle Wales, so that substantially each stitch
of the main thread or threads of the fabric has
a stitch of warp thread to render the said fabric
40 at I8 in Fig. 6, constitute the bottom of the foot,
blank of a non-run or strongly run-resistant 40
of said instep portion and said'late?al extensions,
of warp and weft threads laterally transferred
outward in alternate courses knitted in the same
45
direction.
and has a toe ‘I constituting an intially integral
extension (without necessary thread severance)
the warp threads extending without necessary
thread severance throughout the entire longi
tudinal extent of said heel portions I0, the instep
portion 8, the foot-bottom portions II, II and
,the toe 'I. No thread severance of the wei't thread
or threads or any of the warp threads is com
50 pelled during the knitting of the stocking by the
herein described steps V'of- manufacture of the
stocking.
’
The seam in this type of stocking extends along
the middle of the bottom of the foot, as indicated
at I8 (Fig. 6) and up the back of the leg as indi
' cated at I9 in said figure.
‘ It will be evident from the foregoing that my
invention includes a full-fashioned or fiat-knit
run-proof or strongly run-resistant stocking or
60 blank therefor knitted from a main or body
thread or threads extending into all the wales
from edge to edge of the fabric and into all the
courses of the said stocking or blank, and having
a series of warp threads extending lengthwise
65 of the fabric into respective loops in successive
courses in different loops of the said main or body
thread or threads in such courses; and having at
the heel portions laterally outwardly transferred
stitches in succeeding courses, the knitting oper
70 ation continuing from edge to edge of the fabric,
so as to provide the instep portion and the sole
portions, all initially integrally formed with said
heel portions without necessary thread severance.
In the knitting operation, I provide at the inner
75 edge of each heel portion, as indicated at 2U, 20
character, said blank having heel portions knitted
upon the blank, which heel portions have stitches
Referring again to Fig. 3, it will be observed
that the heel tabs or heel portions I8 are there
diagrammatically indicated as containing out
ward Widenings. The two foot-sole portions II
are diagrammatically indicated at 23, 23 as hav
50
ing inward narrowings. The toe portion ‘I is
there shown as having toe narrowings 22,- 22a,
which are preferably one needle narrowings.
Throughout the knitting of the entire fabric
shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, each warp thread con->v 55
tinues without interruption in its own needle
Wale, as explained in my said patents.
It is to be understood that in knitting the fab
ric herein disclosed, there is throughout the same
a stitch measuring of the weft 'thread and an ac
60
curate apportionment of the warp threads in all
the stitches, as fully disclosedin my said Patent
No. 2,049,994. The same principle of stitch
measurement of the weft thread and accurate
,apportionment of the warp threads is herein em 65
ployed by me, as disclosed in my said patent.
I preferably knit the Welt at the top of the
stocking from a body, main or weft thread that~_
is heavier or of a larger diameter or greater
denier than the thread or threads from which 70
other parts of the °stocking are knitted, as, for
example, the leg and instep. Desirably also the
heel is knitted of a heavier weft thread or threads
than the main or weft thread of the leg. I im
part less tension to the warp threads, while they 75
4
2,114,956
are being incorporated into stitches made from
the heavier weft thread or threads, than I do to
the said warp threads while they are being in
corporated into the stitches which are~ made
from a weft or body thread which is of less
proper needles, so that the footsole portions may
be knitted as continuations of said heel portions
after said heel portions have been so topped onto
the needles. The operation of knitting the in
step or top of the foot continues and at the same
diameter or smaller denier such as in the leg
and instep. In accordance with my invention,
time there are knitted as initially integral lateral
I proportion the tension upon the warp‘threads
just above referred to, and which together consti
tute the bottom of the foot. Then the toe por
in inverse relation to the size, weight or diame-l
10 ter of weft or body thread or threads, thus
increasing the longitudinal expansibilìty of the
fabric particularly with respect to those portions
of the fabric having the heavier weft or body
thread or threads, such, for example, as the top
welt.
My invention, however, is not limited to less
ening the tension upon the warp threads only
in the top welt (which includes the so-called
shadow welt) and in the heel, since one of my
purposes in providing a heavier weft thread at
desired points is to resist special strains which
may and do occur elsewhere than in the upper
welt or in the so-called shadow welt, as, for ex
ample, at the knee when bent, which special
strains are, in part at least, relieved by intro
ducing the warp threads under less tension at
areas subjected to special strain in use. More
over, it is> to be noted that the position or loca
tion of the upper welt with respect to the knee,
30 when the stocking is worn, may vary with differ
ent makes or styles of stockings.
The foregoing completes the description of the
formation of the non-run stocking or blank
extensions of said instep, the two parts 21, 28
tion 29 is knitted, desirably in the same manner 10
as shown in Fig. 5, said toe portion thus being
an initially integral extension of the said instep
portion and of said lateral extensions 21, 28. It
will be noted that the warp threads extend
throughout the entire fabric shown in Fig. 7, and
that the warp threads extend without necessary
thread severance throughout the entire longi
tudinal extent of said heel portions, the instep
portion, the foot-bottom portions and the toe, ex
cepting for the severance of warp threads be
tween or with respect to the heel portions 25, 26
and the sole portions 21, 28. The blank is then
seamed up along the bottom of the foot and the
back of the leg. According to the TC type, it is
necessary to cut the fabric at the end of the 25
heel tabs to turn them at right angles for top»
ping, the cut being made in front of the needles
so that some fabric remains thereon.
The knitting of the heel portions, etc. accord
ing to the TL type is indicated in Figs. 8 and 9. 30
As there shown, the knitting proceeds until the
lower part of the ankle portion is completed as
indicated at 30. Thereupon the instep stitches
therefor when made upon the so-called TW type
35 of Wildman machine.
are taken off the needles in a manner similar to
In the TW type, it has ` that just referred to, and the knitting of the two 35
been hereinbefore pointed out by me that during
the knitting of the heel portions the knitting
heel portions 3|, 32 is proceeded with. Substan
tially at the end of what constitutes the heel por
also continues upon the instep, or, in other words,
tions, the instep stitches are put back on the in
There is, however, no topping ac
the stitches are not taken 01T the instep needles Y' / step needles.
40 during the knitting of the heel portions.
I will next describe the knitting of a stocking
blank upon what is termed the TC and TL forms.
An outstanding difference between the TW form
on the one hand and the TC and TL forms on
the other, is that when the knitting operation
has progressed to the commencement of the heel
portions, the stitches are taken off the instep
needles and held out of action temporarily, the
said stitches being restored to the instep needles
50 substantially upon the completion of the heel
portions.
So far as the introduction of the warp threads
into the fabric is concerned, the action is essen
tially the same in all three of said forms, name
56 ly, the TW, TC and TL, and therefore it will be
unnecessary to repeat the description with re
spect thereto.
I will suñìciently refer to the heel construction
of both the TC type and the TL type, the former
60 being shown in Fig. 7 and the latter being shown
in Figs. 8 and 9.
'
Referring to Fig. 7, the lower part of the ankle
portion .(namely, the portion just preceding the
commencement of the heel portions) is repre
When the commencement of the
65 sented at 24.
heel portions is reached, the instep stitches are
taken off the needles by mechanism employed
therefor. Then the two heel portions 25, 26 are
knitted. as integral continuations of the leg por
70 tion. The said heel portions are knitted without
any widening action Whatever, as was done iny
tion employed, but the heel is completed by what 40
is known as a looping action, which is done after
the knitting of the blank is completed. There
fore, the knitting operation proceeds from this
point onward as described with respect to the
TC form shown in Fig. 7, so as to complete‘the 45
top of the foot, the lateral extensions thereof
which form the bottom of the foot, and the toe.
In knitting the heel portions 3 I, 32, I knit an ad
ditional portion on each heel portion to providev
a looping finger-hold including a loose course.
50
The two heel portions as they appear after`
the completion of the blank, but before the cut
ting and seaming action, are indicated in Fig. 8
at 3| , 32, 33, the numeral 33 indicating the
bunched-up or looped-up portions of the heel 55
taps, which hunched-up or looped-up portions are
subsequently trimmed or cut out prior to the
looping indicated at 34. In Fig. 9, I have indí
cated that each heel portion is cut through at
the termination thereof and then turned into a 60
lateral position, whereupon the lateral edge of
each heel portion is looped or seamed as indicated
at 34 onto the commencement of the bottom-foot
portions of the fabric.
It will be understood that in this type-of stock-l 65
ing when made in accordance with my invention,
the warp threads are continuous throughout the
entire fabric from the initial introduction of the
said threads down to the completion of the fabric.
There is, of course, a necessary severance of the 70
warp threads pertaining to the heel portions and
connection with the TW type. Upon the comple-.fI the foot-bottom portions by the action of cutting
tion of the said heel portions, the instep stitches
are transferred back to the needles and the said
75 two heel portions 25, 26 are topped onto the
the heel portions across, as indicated in Fig. 9,
for the looping or seamin'g action.
Referring again to the knitting of the fabric 75
5
2,114,956
according to the TC type, asshown in Fig.I '7,
into all the wales from edge to edge of the fabric
it will be understood that the warp threads con
throughout the length thereof, and alseries‘ of
tinue throughout the heel portions. Iniperform
ing the topping action, the inner lateral edge of
warp threads extending each in an unsevered
continuous condition lengthwise the fabric and
respectively knitted in loops-in successive courses
in different loops of said main or body thread or
each heel portion is topped upon the needles and
the knitting of the two foot-bottom sections or
portions is proceeded with as already described.
In knitting the said heel portions, the warp
threads are introduced each into a separate
10 needle wale of the said heel portions. In other
words, each yand every stitch throughout the en
tire fabric, both of the TC form and the TL form,
contains a warp stitch, this being also true of the
'I‘W form already described. In the so-called TW
15 type, the instep stitches are not taken off the
threads in such courses.
-2. A full-fashioned or flat-knit run-proof o_r
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor,
integrally knitted in one piece from the top of 10
the stocking through the instep and toe and in- I
cluding the _entire foot portion, without thread
severance being compelled by the steps of stock- i
ing manufacture, said stocking or blank com
prising a main or body thread or threads knitted
needles during the knitting of the heel portions.
In both the TC and TL types, said instep stitches
into all the wales from edge to edge of the
fabric throughout the length thereof, and a series
are taken off the needles at the very commence
of warp threads one for substantially each needle
wale of the said fabric each extending in an un
ment of the knitting of the heel portions and are
20 restored to the same needles upon the completion
of said heel portions.
While I have described the full-fashioned or
flat-knit stocking or stocking blank of my ’inven
tion as knitted upon a single-unit single-head
25 machine, I desire it to be vunderstocd that I may
knit the stocking or stocking blank of my inven
tion upon any machine or machines capable of
performing the necessary operations to produce
the same, whether the machine be a single-unit
30 single-head machine, or a single-unit multiple
head machine, or a single-head machine, or a
multiple-head machine. While I have specifi#
cally described the knitting of the heel in accord
ance with the so-called TW, the TL, and/or the
35 TC types of Wildman machine, my invention is
not limited to the knitting of the heel portion or
portions in accordance with any of said types ex
severed continuous condition lengthwise the fa 20
bric and collectively knitted into substantially all
the stitches of all said needle wales, to render the
fabric of a non-run or stronglyv run-resistant
character.
3. A blank for a full-fashioned or flat-knit run
25
proof or strongly run-resistant stocking integrally
knitted of full width throughout Ain one piece from
the top of the blank through the instep and toe
and including the entire“ foot portion, without
thread severance being compelled by the steps of 30
stocking manufacture, said blank comprising a
main or body thread or threads knitted into all -
thewales from edge to edge of the fabric through
out the length thereof,- and a series of warp
threads extending each in an unsevered continu 35
ous condition lengthwise the fabric and respec
tively knitted in loops in successive courses in
different loops of said main or body thread or
threads in such courses, said blank also including
specify.
My invention as herein disclosed does not ex- ` heel portionseach having a multiplicity of stitches 40
clude but would permit the throwing of the warp laterally transferred outwardly.
4. A full-fashioned or :dat-knit run~proof or
threads out of action during the knitting of the
toe portion and/or the throwing of the Warp strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor
threads out of action for a few courses when provided with a top welt, the said stocking or
making the loose courses in the heel or toe for blank being integrally knitted in one piece from 45
looping purposes.` Inasmuch as a distinct loose the commencement of said welt through the toe
course is not as satisfactorily made when the without thread severance beingv compelled by the
steps of stocking manufacture, said stocking or
warp threads are knitted in with the weft thread,
rendering it difficult to loop, I may, Within the blank therefor comprising a main or body thread
scope of my invention, make said loose courses or threads knitted into all the wales from edge. 50
to edge of the fabric throughout the leg thereof,
wholly of the weft thread or threads.
,
Neither is rny invention limited to narrowing at and a series’of warp threads, one for substanti
every course-in the toe portion, since within the ally each needle wale of the said fabric and col
scope thereof I may narrow at intervals as in lectively knitted into substantiallyall the stitches
every other course, thus relieving strain on the of said needle wales, so that susbtantially each 55
yarn or thread in transferring the stitches. By stitch of the main thread or threads of the fabric
cepting as certain of the claims `definitely so
45
_
50
55
knitting in a plain course betweenAtransferred
courses, strain upon the yarn or thread is relieved.
Having thus described certain embodiments of
60 the stocking and stocking blank of my invention,
and the best mode known to me for making the
same, it is to be understood that although spe
has a stitch of a warp thread, to render said fabric
of a non-run or strongly run-resistant character,
said stocking or blank having a top welt and
each of said warp threads extending continuously 60
from the beginning of the welt to the opposite end
of the fabric and knitted respectively into the leg,
cinc terms are employed, they are used in >alge» y instep, heel, sole and toe of the stocking or blank.
neric and descriptive sense and not for purposes
65 of limitation, the scope of the invention being
set forth inthe following claims.
`
I claim:--
-
' 1. A full-fashioned or vflat-knit run-proof or
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor,
5. A. full-fashioned or dat-knit .run-proof or
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor
comprising a main or body thread or threads
knitted into all the wales from edge to edge of the
fabric and into all the courses of the stocking or
blank, and a series of warp threads extending
the stocking through the instep and toe and in
cluding the entire foot portion, without thread
severance being compelled by the steps of stock
ing manufacture, said stocking or blank com
lengthwise said fabric and respectively knitted in 70
loops in successive courses in diñerent loops of
said main or body thread or threads in such
courses, said stocking or lblank having stitches
composed both of warp threads and the body
75 prising a main or body thread or threads knitted
thread or threads laterally transferredoutward. 75
70 integrally knitted in one piece from theßtop of
6
2,114,956
6. A full-fashioned or fiat-knit run-proof ‘or
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor
the length thereof, and a series of warp threads
extending each inl an unsevered continuous con
comprising a main or body thread or threads
dition lengthwise the fabric and respectively
knitted into all the wales from edge to edge of
the fabric and into all the courses of the stocking
knitted in loops in successive courses in different
loops of said main or body threads in such
_ or blank, and a series of warp threads extending
courses, said stocking having an integral top welt,
lengthwise said fabric and respectively knitted in
the main or weft thread whereof is heavier than
the corresponding thread or threads for the leg
_loops in successive ~ courses in different loops
of said main or body thread or threads in such
10 courses, said stocking or blank having heel por
and instep, the said warp threads being in the
completed fabric under less tension at the places 10
tions, stitches whereof composed both of warp
where they are incorporated into stitches made .
threads and the body thread or threads are later
from said heavier main or weft thread, than they
are where incorporated into stitches made from
the said lighter body or weft thread or threads.
11. A full-fashioned or flat-knit run-proof or 15
ally transferred outward.
7. A full-fashioned or flat-knit run-proof or
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor
comprising a main or body thread or threads
knitted into all the wales from edge to edge of
- the fabric and into all the courses of the stocking
or blank, and a series of warp threads extending
lengthwise said fabric and respectively knitted in
»loops in successive courses in different loops of
said main or body thread or _threads in such
courses, said stocking or blank having heel por
tions whereof alternate courses only, knitted in
25 the same direction, have laterally transferred out
ward stitches that are composed both of warp
threads and the body thread or threads.
8. A full-fashioned or flat-knit ,run-proof or
strongly run-,resistant stocking or blank there
30 for comprising a main or body thread or threads
knitted into all the wales from edge to edge of
the fabric and into all the courses of the stock
ing or blank, and a series of warp threads ex
tending lengthwise said fabric and respectively
35. knitted in loops in successive courses in different
loops of said main or body thread or threads in
such courses, said stocking or blank therefor hav
ing a toe portion knitted integral with the leg
portion and having said -warp threads extending
integrally (l. e. without necessaryv thread sever
ance) through the leg and the toe, the said toe
portion and all the warp threads thereof being
unsevered continuations of the weft thread >and
of the warp threads existing in some preceding
45 portion of the stocking.
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank there
for, integrally knitted in one piece from the top
of the stocking through the instep and toe and
including the entire foot portion, without thread
severance being compelled by the steps vof stock- ‘
ing manufacture, said stocking or blank compris- 1
ing main or body threads knitted into all the
wales from edge to edge of the fabric through
out the length thereof, and a series of warp
threads extending each in an unsevered con
tinuous condition lengthwise the fabric and re
spectively knitted in loops in successive courses
in different loops of said main or body threads
in such courses, said stocking having an integral,
turned top welt, the main or weft thread whereof
is of a. size or weight greater than that of the
corresponding main or weft thread or threads for
the leg or instep, the said -warp threads being in
corporated into the fabric of the stocking under
tension which in the said welt and in the said leg 35
or instep portions, is respectively in inverse re
lation to the size or weight of the respective main
or weft threads, thereby increasing the longitu
dinal expansibility of the fabric with respect to
those portions of the fabric having the main or
weft thread thereof of greater size or weight,
such as said top welt.
12. A full-fashioned or flat-knit run-proof or
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank there
strongly run-resistant stocking blank compris
ing integrally knitted leg portion, instep, heel
portions, foot-sole and toe, said blank comprising
for, integrally knitted in one piece from the top 45
of the stocking through the instep and toe, -and
including the entire foot portion, Without thread
severance being compelledv by the steps of stock
ing manufacture, said stocking or blank being
50 a_ main or body thread or threads knitted into all
composed of a main or body thread or threads 50
9. A full-fashioned or fiat-knit run-proof or
the wales of the said blank from edge to edge
thereof and into all the courses of the said blank
and a series of warp threads extending integrally
lengthwise the said fabric through the said leg
55 portion, instep, heel, foot-sole and toe, the said
toe portion and all the warp threads thereof be
ing unsevered continuations of the weft thread
and of the warp threads existing in some pre
„ ceding portion of the stocking.
60' 10. A full-fashioned or flat-knit run-proof or
et
knitted into all the wales from edge to edge of
the fabric throughout the length thereof, and a
multiplicity of warp threads in respective needle
wales of the fabric, including warp threads in
substantially'all the needle wales of the instep of 55
the stocking, said multiplicity of warp threads ex
tending each in an unsevered, continuous condi
tion lengthwisev the fabric and respectively
knitted in loops in successive courses in different
loops of said main or body thread or threads in 60
strongly run-resistant stocking or blank therefor, such courses and rendering the same runproof or
integrally knitted in one piece from the top of strongly run-resistant, the warp threads in nee
the stocking through the instep and toe and in
dle wales of the toe being all unsevered continua
cluding the entire foot portion, without necessary tions of warp threads knitted into needle wales
65
thread severance, said stocking or blank compris ' of the stocking preceding said toe.
ing a main or body thread knitted into all the
Wales from edge to edge of the fabric throughout
"EILSWORTH E. cARLsoN.
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