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Патент USA US2114970

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April 19, 193,8'.
E. A. RuLLlsoN ET AL
2,114,970'
CARBURETOR
'
Filed Jan. 28, 19:56
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Apn‘l 19, 193s. -
E. A. RuLLl'soN ET AL
2,114,970
cARBuREToR
Filed Jan. 28, 12936l
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
ATTORNEYS
April 19, 1938.
l
E. A.V RuLLlsoN ET AL
2,114,970
’ CARBURETOR
Filed Jan. 2s, 1936
’ s sheets-*sheet 3
ATTORN EYö
Patented Ápl'.> 19, 1938-
Q 2,114,970
_UNITED STATES >13.Ii'l?erslsz‘rioI-*Fiçl:
1,114,910
oAaBURE'ron
Earl A. Rnllison and Howard B. Simmons, Toledo,
Ohio, assignors to The Tillotson Manufactu
ing Company, Toledo, Ohio, a corporation of
Ohio
,
.
Application January 28, 1936, Serial No; 61,197
13 claims. (ci. 261454)
'This invention relates to carburetion devices
and more particularly to carburetors incorporat
ing variable or flexible air controlling means.l
The invention embraces a provision-of a car.
5 buretion >device embodying. a Venturi tube or se
ries of Venturi tubes and Vflexible means for regu
lating the amount of air passing through the car
buretion device in proportion to the requirements
of the enginewith which the device may be uti10 lized whereby the- efficiency of an arrangement of
this character is greatly increased.
.
_ _
The invention contemplates the provision of a
carburetor having a mixing passage embodying
flexible walls which automatically provide a sub
15 stantially constant high air velocity.
Another object is the provision of a multi-jet
construction of carburetors wherein more than
one jet is contained -in a/ removable element, the
outlets or jets being arranged to obtain a maxi
20 _mum outlet area and at the same` time presenting
a minimum restriction in the 'air stream.
having a vplurality- of venturi's and an arrange
ment of air passage having flexible walls whereby
25 the carburetor may be used with various- sizes'of
internal combustion engines without the neces
sity of major changes in the construction, thus
enhancing interchangeability of devices as well
as to extend the utilization of the arrangement to
30 various kinds and'sizes of internal combustion
l
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the axis‘of the venturis and the outlets of the
main fuel oriiices so as to maintain under all
conditions of operation a maximum suction upon
the fuel oriñces.
- _
Still a further object is the provision of a car- 10
, buretor wherein the float bowl is vented inte
riorlyv of the mixing passage thereby eliminating
any tendency to overenrichening of the mixture
should there be any substantial restriction in the
=air horn of the carburetor, as for example, 15
clogged air cleaners or the like, tending to de
crease the pressure within the mixing passage,
and further that such internal venting of the
float bowl assures the passage of clean air to the
bowl as such'air taken interîorly of the carbure
' tor has been cleaned by the air cleaner and for
'
lAnother object is the provision of a carburetor
engines.
mixing passage surrounding the venturi and
principal fuel orifices is fabricated of flexible ele
ments so as to maintain a high velocity ofthe
air passing through the mixing passage and at
the same time centralizing the air stream about 5
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eign particles such as dust which might other
clog the small fuel- orifices have been re
moved from the air.
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_
Further objects and advantages are within ythe 25
scope of this invention such as relate to the ar- 'I
rangement, operation and function of the related
elements of the structure, to various details of
construction and to combinations of parts, ele
ments per se, and to economies of manufacture 30
and numerous other features as will be apparent
from a. consideration of the speciñcation and
Another object is the provision of a carburet
or of this character wherein the arrangement of ' drawings of a form of the invention,_which may
venturis and'ñexible walls ln combination with be preferred, in which: '
Figure 1 is aside elevational view illustrating 35
35 lthe jets are so positionedvas to obtain~ a high eili
'
ciency of atomization of the fuel extruded into
the air stream resulting in a more uniform fuel
and air mixture.
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Still a further object ofthe invention is the in
40 corporation in a carburetor of this character of
a simple and effective. accelerating pump and
¿one embodiment of the carburetor of my inven- . tion;
A.
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Figure 2 is a top plan view of the carburetor il
lustrated in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view of the 40
primary and secondary fuel oriñces showing the
arrangement of main and supplemental venturis;
power -jet arrangement, the latter arranged .to
Figure 4 is -a vertical sectional view taken sub
extrude additional 'fuelinto 'the engine when the
throttle is opened or nearly opened to its maxi , stantiallyon the line 4-4 of Figure 2 showing
45 mum position, the accelerating jet being inde
the ñexìble walled passage ofA our invention and 45
pendent of the other fuel orifices leading into the illustrating the passage of' fuel and the position
mixing passage;
.
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Still another object ' of’ the invention is the
fof the flexible walls when the primary jet is in
operation;
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing
provision of multiple jets contained in one- ele
50 ment while the several'fu'el channels necessary toy the- position of the flexible walls> of the mixing 50
passage when both primary and secondary> jets
convey fuel to the several fuel o_riflces are fabri
cated in a removable element, thus simplifying _` are in operation at higherair velocity'arising by
reason of increased engine speeds;
^ l
the arrangement of the variousjfuel passages.
Another object of the invention is the provisionl ' Figure 6 is a verticalsectional view taken Asub
g55v of a carburetor wherein the wall portion of the
stantially on the line 6-8 of Figure‘2; .
55
2,114,970
Figure '1 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
which have aligned openings through which the
shaft 39 projects, the lever being split longitudi
Figure 9 is an isometric view showing the ar
nally as at 46; a clamping screw 45 engaging nut
rangement of flexible walls of the mixing passage
forminga part of our invention;
Figure 10 is an isometric -view showing the pri
mary and secondary fuel jet construction form
10 ing an element of the invention;
Figure 11 is a side elevational view of an ele
ment embodying fuel passageways forming a part
of the invention;
Figure 12 is an end view of the element shown
15
in Figure 11;
_
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Figure 13 is a vertical sectional view through
the element taken substantially on the line |3-I 3
of Figure 12;
'
Figure 14 is a top plan view of the intermediate
20 body portion of the carburetor, the view being
taken on line I4-I4 of VFigure 1;
Figure 15 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
stantìally on the line I5-I5 of Figure 6 illus
trating the channels leading to the idling orifice.
25
The carburetion device of our invention is in
clusive _of a body structure, in the present embodi-ment composed of three principal sections, a mid
dle portion I0, a separable upper portion II car
rying a choke control valve arrangement and a
30 lower portion I2, supporting the throttle valve
arrangement. The portions I0, II and I2 have
aligned large openings forming a mixing pa'ssage
I4, the portion I0 being formed with a laterally
extending fuel chamber or reservoir I5 in which
is positioned a float I1 pivoted as at I3, an up
wardly projecting arm I9 carried >by the float
adapted to engage a valve member 20 which en
gages a valve vseat 2| to regulate the supply of
fuel entering through the fuel inlet tube 22.
40
The upper body portion II of the carburetor
is formed with a cylindrical air horn or air en
trance 25 and formed integrally with portion II
is a plate-like extension 2t which forms a cover
for the fuel chamber I5'. 'I'he lower end of body
45 portion II and extension 25 are formed with a
flange which is secured to a mating flange 21 on
the body portion I0 by means of screws 25, there
being a suitable gasket 29 interpositioned between
the flanges providing an effective seal between
50 the parts.
The intermediate body portion I0 is formed
with a ñange 30 and the lower body portion I2
is’formed with a mating flange 24 which are- held
together by means of screws A35, one of which is
55 shown in Figure'l.
Positioned adjacent each of
the flanges are gaskets 3l and 34 and positioned
» intermediate gaskets 3I .and'34 are annular` mem
bers 32 and 33 formed of nbre or other suitable
heat resisting material. The purpose of these
60 members is to aid in preventing heat from= being
transferred from the intake manifold of the en
gine to the fuel chamber I6 of the carburetor,
thus decreasing the tendency of the fuel to “boil”
in the fuel chamber.
65
end of the shaft 39 receives a lever 44 in the
form of a U-shaped member, the furcations of
stantially on the line 1--1 of Figure 2;
Figure 8 is a View taken substantially on the
line 8_8 of Figure 1;
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The lower portion I2 of the carburetor is
formed with laterally projecting aligned bosses 31
and 38 which are bored to receive a shaft 39, the
shaft passing diametrically through the mixing
passage. In the embodiment illustrated, the cen
70 tral portion of the- shaft 39 is provided with a
slot which receives and accommodates a disk
valve 4I which is secured in place by means of
screws 42.' The valve 4_I serves to control 'the flow
of mixture to an internal combustion engine with
75 which the device may be utilized. A projecting
49 serving to draw the split portions of the lever
together so that it is caused to grip the shaft to
hold the parts in adjusted position. Positioned
intermediate the boss portion 35 and the lever 44
is a member 5I carried by the shaft 33 and held in 10
position thereon by means of a screw 52 which
passes through a transverse bore in th'e lever
lshaft 39 to hold the member to the shaft. Mem
ber 5I is formed with an L-shaped projection 52’
which is adapted when the throttle is moved to
wide open position to determinel the maximum ex
tent of movement by its engagement with the web
53 _formed on the carburetor body. The lower
portion of the projection 5I is bored and threaded
to receive a screw 55, the end of the screw being
adapted to engage a web portion .55 which deter
mines the idling rposition of the engine by fixing
the minimum throttle opening of the valve disk4I. A' coil spring 51 is interposed between the
head of the screw 55 and the member 5I which
exerts friction upon the screw to hold the latter
in adjusted position. By regu’lating the .position
of screw 55, a Vchange may be eßected in the
idling speed of the engine by regulating the posi
tion of the screw 55 with respect to the pad 30
portion 55 >formed on the body portion I2 which
acts as stop means with the screw 55 to determine
the “idle” position of the throttle valve. The up
per extremity of the lever 44 is provided with an
opening 45 adapted to receive linkage (not shown)
for manipulating the throttle valve. 'The end of
the shaft projecting through boss portion 31 re
ceives an arm 6I) which is held in place by swaging
or upsetting the extremity of the shaft. _The up
per part II of the carburetor body is provided dû
with a transversely extending bore which receives
a shaft 5 I, the shaft extending across the air pas
sage 52 and carries a choke valve 54 which is held
in place on the shaft by means of screws 55. Po-sitioned at either side of the shaft 5I are small
circular valves 55 of mushroom configuration
which normally close openings 51 in the disk 54.
Each disk is secured to a headed member 53 and
surrounded by a comparatively weak coll spring
‘III4 which serves to maintain the valves 55 nor
mally in' contact with the surface of disk 54 clos
ing the openings 51. 'I'he purpose of the spring
mounted valves 65 is to permit entrance of asmall
amount of air immediately upon starting of the
engine into the air passage of the carburetor
when the choke valve 54 is in vclosed or substan
tially closed position as the suction of the engine
will overcome the slight pressure of the springs 1I
to admit air into the passage.
.
.
The‘ portion II\ of the> carburetor is provided
with a vertically arranged chamber 12 as illus
trated in Figure 4 which communicates with the
air entrance passage through the medium of a
tube 13. The chamber 12 .and tube 13 permit
the equalization of pressure in the float bowl
-chamber I5. Another purpœe of an. internal
venting of the fuel chamber is that under cer
tain conditions an air cleaner or dust eradicator
connected to the air passage of the carburetor
may become clogged,>a_n_d thus set up resistance.
to the passage of air through the carburetor, and '
yet the pressure in the float bowl and the mixing
passage is substantially equalized by means of
the internal channel.
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The portion of mixing passage >15 contained 75
9,114,970
in the bocLv -I8- ofthe carburetor incorporates
a member or cage 18 illustrated particularly in
Figure 9 which has a flanged annular portion 11
at its upper end and a pair of centrally aligned
Venturi tubes 18 and- 18. The member 18 in the
. embodiment illustrated is formed with a plurality
of spaced, depending, triangular, integral por
tions 8|, each of the portions 8|. having a pair
of uniplanar surfaces 82, each surface forming
10 with a corresponding uniplanar surface of its
adjacent projection a support for a ñexible mem
ber or reed valve 84. In the embodiment illus
3
serves to properly pcsitionthe nozzle structure
88 by means of engagement with‘the enlarged
portion 88 thereof. A portion of the bore 88
is threaded as at 81 to receive a barrel-like mem
ber 88 which- is provided at its upper end withl
a flange 88 and an annular recess |88. The
member 88 is formed -with a central bore |82 ex
tending partially through the member and ter
minating in a restricted opening |88, which in
turn communicates with an enlarged bore |84 in 10
the other end of the member 88, the innermost
»portion of bore |84 being conical in conñguration
trated, there are four projections 8| which form
the supports vand valve seats for f9i1r equally
15 spaced reed valves or members 84. 'I‘hese valves
84 are secured at their uppermost extremities
to the member 16 by means of screws 88 leaving
the lower portions of the reeds in position to
in its connection. with the restricted bore |88 as
illustrated in Figure 13. 'I‘he member 88 is
formed with two longitudinally extending, later
be readily flexed by the decreased pressure
grooves |81 and |88, the portions of member 88
20 coupled with the velocity of air passing through
the carburetor. The venturi 18 is formed as an
integral part of member 16, being supported by
means of webs 86 connecting portions 8| integral
ally spaced bores or channels |85 and l |86 ex
tending entirely through the member 88. Mem
ber 88 is also provided with circumferential spaced
on either side of groove |81 being threadedas at 20
||8 and |||- There is -also provided a compara
tively small transverse channel ||2 leading from
the recess |88 into the central .bore |82. The
ly with the venturi 18. 'I‘he venturi 18'arranged groove |81 is in communication with the central
25 above and in axial alignment with venturi 18 bore |82 by means of transverse channel |86’. 25
is formed as an integral part of member 16 be ~The lower extremity of member 88 is formed
ing supported by means of webs 81 connecting with a laterally extending kerf or slot | I4 adapted
the venturi 18 with the venturi 18. The interior - to receive a suitable tool in order to >assemble the
surface of the flanged portion 11 formed on member 88 into the threaded bore 86 of the car
30 member 16 is curved as illustrated at 88 in Fig
buretor. Threaded into the extremity of the
ures 4Í and 5, so that when the reeds 84 are bore 88 is a member ||5 which has a central
flexed outwardly as illustrated in ÑFigures 5 and threaded bore ||6 adapted to receive a metering
6, they form in effect‘a third venturi 'resulting pin or valve ||1 having a needle shaped extremity
in an increased air velocity at the depending
||8, the latter being adapted tov project into the
35 portions of the reeds. The >reed valves and sup
restriction |88 in member 88. lThe member H5porting structure are preferably arranged lso isiprovided with a stuillng gland ||_8 so as to pre
that the reeds-are equallyspaced from the axis of vent leakage of fuel from the chamber 86. The
the venturis 18 andç18 so that substantially the metering pin ||1 is provided with a transversely
same amount of , air passes on one side between
extending _portion |28 serving as suitable ma
40 the venturis and a flexible reed as passes between nipulating means for adjusting the metering p_in
the venturi and any of the other reed valves. to regulate the amount of fuel passing .to the main
'I'he reed valves are therefore in eiîect placed con
or primary nozzle 8|; 'I'he space between the
centric with the axis of the venturis 18 and 18 member ||5 and member 88 forms achamber
so that the axis -of _these venturis is substantially
|22 adapted to receive fuel from the float bowl
45 the vcentral axis of the air stream passing through 16 through a channel |28 as shown in Figures 3
the> carburetor.
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and .14. »It is to be’noted that 'the channel lead
1n the embodnnent illustrated, the arrange-- ing to the secondary nozzle 82A is provided with a
ment includes-primary andsecondary nozzles for restricted entrance |24 for a purpose to be here
the injection offuel linto the mixing passage, inafter explained. The tubes or channels-leading
50 The nozzlestructure is _shown per -se in Figure to the nozzles 8| and 82 are in communicationby
10 and in _assembled relation in the carburetor in means of a transverse channel |25.
1 _ ¿
Figures 2 and 3. As illustrated, the arrangement - The arrangement of providing a mixture for
comprises a member 88 generally rectangular idling of the engine will'now be described‘.-'2lît is
in cross section and having a primary nozzle 8|
55 and 'a secondary nozzle 82 formed therein, the
to bel noted that the groove orannularjcha'nnel
|88 is filled with fuel from the float bowlfitbeing
lower portion o_f the member 88 being circular
in communication-therewith by means of open- '
and flanged as at 88. The extremities of vmem
ber 88 adjacent the nozzles 8| and 82-are tapered
ing ||2, passageway |82 ~and restricted opening
or form an apex by the intersection of angularly
the latter receiving its fuel direct from the float 5 . -.
|88 which is in communication with chamber _I2-2,
60 arranged surfaces 84 as shown in Figures 10. and
bowl by means of passage |28, The recess or an 60
»14 in such manner as to- virtually increase the ‘ .vnular channel |88 is in registration with horizon-> '
area of the nozzle outlet facilitating the flow of
fuel. The nozzle structurel 88 »passes through an
tal channel |28’ which is formed by drilling into
the side of the carburetor body, the opening being
opening in the side wall of the -carburetor body
closed by means of »a plug |28 as illustrated in
and through a slot 88 _in member 16. It is to ` Figures 8 and 15.V Thev channel |28' is in com-` ,
vvbe noted that the extremity of the primary jet f munication with a vertical channel |88 which is
8| terminates substantially at the' axis of the contained within a vertical boss- portion |3| illus
- Venturi construction while the secondary jet 82 trated in Figure 1. 'I'he upper end of the channel
terminates slightly out of alignment with the |38 is provided with a bushing |3|' having a re-'
axis of the venturis, as particularly exempliñed stricted opening |82 which admits fuel to a small 70
in Figure 3, the purpose of- which will be here
chamber |88, the latter -being a threaded bore
inafter explained.
i
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in the side of the carburetor body and is closed ï
lThe opening inthe side wall of the carburetor by means of a threaded member |84 having av
which receives nozzle portion 88 terminates in a needle or metering pin |88 which projects into
75 cylindrical bore 88, the inner extremityof which an opening |86 Ias illustrated in Figure 8. The
4
2,114,970
threaded member |34 is provided with a knurled
head portion |31 for adjusting the position of the
needle |35 in the opening |36, a spring. |38 being
interposed between the head |31 and the boss por
tion on- the carburetor body to exert a degree of
friction upon the threaded member so that the
same will be frictionally held in adjusted position.
'I'he air supply for forming the.idling mixture
is obtained from the interior of the main air pas
10 sage through the medium of a slot I4| contained
in the side wall of the portion || of the carburetor
in member |58 and a circular coil spring is in
serted in the groove |62 and urges the piston
leather outwardly into contact with the walls of
the cylinder. The upper extremity of the piston
rod |51 projects through an opening in a cross
arm |54, the cross arm being riveted as at |65 to
an actuating shaft |66 reciprocably mounted in a
bore in a vertically positioned boss |61 formed in
the float bowl chamber. The upper portion of the
piston rod |51 is provided with an annular groove 10
(not shown) which receives a hairpin clip |56 so as
body which registers with a vertical bore |42 in` to maintain a cooperative relationship between the
the portion I8 of the carburetor body, this ar
vcross arm |64 and the spring |15 in a manner to
rangement being shown in detail in Figure 8. be hereinafter explained. The lower end of the
15 The chamber |33 in which the fuel and air are shaft |55 is bored to receive the end |68 of a link 15
brought together to form an idling mixture com
|68, the link being pivotally connected `to the
municates with one end cfa laterally extending shaft by means of a cotter pin |18. The lower
channel |44 the other end ofthe channel being end of the link |58 is bentat right angles and
'in communication with a substantially vertical projects through an opening |1| formed in the
20 channel |45 as illustrated in Figure 6, there being end of the arm 68, the latter being flxedly secured
a Abushing |41 at the entrance of channel |45 to the polygonal extremity |12 of the throttle
having a comparatively small opening therein supporting shaft 38 as illustrated in Figures 1
acting as a restrictionto the flow _of fuel mix ' and 7. Interposed -between the disk |60 and the
ture through channelïl46. The channel |45 in arm |54 and surrounding piston rod |51 is an
body portion lli of the carburetor is in registra
expansive coil spring |15 which serves to nor
tion with a channel |48 contained in portion I2 mally urge the piston |6| away from the cross
of the carburetor body which terminates in a - arm |54 and serves to cause a flow of fuel to an
acceleratingjet or orifice in a manner herein
chamber |48 formed by a bore in the side wall of
the body portion I2, the chamber being closed after to be explained.
bymeans of a Welsh plug |58. The chamber |4'8`
'I'he lower end of the cylinder |55 terminates 80
is in communication withv the main mixing pas
in -a channel |16 which communicates with the
sage through the carburetor by means of two
float bowl by means of a channel |11 shown in
openings |5| and |52, the opening |5I being
Figures 4 and 14. The upper portion of the
channel |15 is enlarged as at |18 and accommo
smaller in diameter than opening |52, the ar
35 rangement of opening |52 being. such that when
the throttle valve disk 4|'is in idling or nearly
dates a ball check |18 which serves to close the
channel |15 _when piston |6| is forced down- -
closed'position, the peripheral edge of the valve vwardly but serves to admit the passage of fuel
partially covers the opening |52. The idling mix
from Athe float bowl through channels |16 andv
Ature passes through orifice l5i, a further partial
40 opening of the throttle valve 4| causes the open
ing |52 to supply additional fuel and air mixture
from the chamber .|48 into the -main mixing ¿pas
|11 into the well I 55 to iill the latter with fuel
when the piston is moved upwardly on its return
stroke.
~
Communicating with the lower portion of cyl
sage until the velocity of the air p'assing through -' inder or accelerating well |55 is a transversely ‘
the main mixing passage has reached a suiiicient arranged channel | 8| which intercepts averti
45 value under the influence of the' acceleration of
the engine to cause the main or primary jet 8|
cal channel |82, (see Figures 6 and 7) the latter
terminating in a slightly enlarged chamber |83
to discharge fuel into the main mixing passage. A in the upper portion of winch is positioned a
The bushing |41l forming therestriction by means
of an opening smaller than the channel |46 and
50 channel |44 is utilized to aid in breaking up the
particles of fuel in the.idling mixture, thus fur
ther atomizing the fuel to provide a better and
more homogeneous idling mixture forl delivery
from the oriñces |5| and |52.
'I’he screw |34
55 may be adjusted so that the needle |35. will con-,'
bushing |84 having a channel |85 therethrough,
a. ball check |85 being arranged in chamber |83,
these channels being contained within body por
tion I8 _of the carburetor. The channel |85 in
bushing |84 is in registration with- a passage |81
at the entrance of which is interposed a iine
mesh screen |88 for the purpose of'preventing
foreign particles that may be present in the fuel
from reaching the discharge orifice. A'1"he pas
trol or regulate the amount of air admitted to
the chamber |33 where it is mixed with fuel sage |81 communicates with a chamber |88
from channel |38 through restriction |32 to pro ' formed in the upper portion | | of the carburetor
vide the fuel mixture to be supplied through body, the walls of which are threaded and receive
60 orifices |5| and |52 as above set forth. l
' a closure or plug |88 as illustrated in Figure 6.
- It is desirable in a carburetor of this character . The side wall of the mixing passage of portion
t'o incorporate means for `momentarily injecting
additional fuel in’to the mixing passage when the
internal combustion engine is accelerated. To
65 this end,~ there is- provided a cylindrical cham
b_er. |55 formed adjacent the-float bowl l5 in
x, which is reciprocably positioned a piston rod |51
having at its lower extremity a member |58 which
i | of the >carburetor body is bored to receive a
tubular member |8| which is pressedor otherwise
secured in the bore in the'side wall oi’ the mix
ing passage, the tube'A depending angularly and 65
having at its» extremity a small opening forming
a restricted fueldischarge orifice |82, the orifice
terminating adjacent a restricted .portion of the
main mixingpassage, viz., at a point of high air
velocity adjacent the flange 11 so that an effec 70
>and a washer |58 which is positioned on rod |51 ' tive vsuction is present serving to withdraw fuel
is a piston |5| fabricated of leather or other suit
from the orifice |82. Thus, when the engine is to
able material. In order to cause the leather pis
be accelerated the throttle is moved to an open po
ton to remain in close contact with the walls of sition depressing shaft |66, cross arm |64, which
75 the chamber i 5_5, an annular groove |52 is formed compresses the spring |15 tending to urge the 75
is' snuglyfitted upon'a reduced portion |58 of
70 the rod |51. Interposed between member |58
l
5..
piston |0| downwardly. Under the loading of
the pressure in the spring |15, the'piston moves
downwardly forcing fuel from the‘chamber |55
through channelsv |0|, |02,- |00, |05, |01 and |9|,
l0 >through opening |29 to the chamber |22
-thence past the metering pin ||0 through chan
nel |02,
e ||2 to the annular channel |00,
thence through channels |20 and |00 to chamber
thence through oriñce |92 and is discharged into - |30 where'it is mixed with air entering through
the mixing passage to supply the added fuel nec
the slot |0|, the mixture then passing through
essary for accelerative movements of the inter
chambers .|00 and |00 to the chamber |09„thence
nal combustion engine. When the throttle*v is through the opening |5| into the mixing passage.
moved toward closed position-the connection be
In the idling position of 'the ,throttle valve, the
tween the cross arm |00 and piston rod |51 causes fuel mixture is extruded- through the lowermost 10
the piston to be drawn upwardly, thereby with
opening |5|. Upon slight partial opening of the.
drawing fuel from the float bowl into chamber throttle, both of the orifices |5| and |52 deliver
|55Dast the ball check |19.I ‘The ball check |00 fuel mixture to the mixing passage. As Í the
serves to normally check the return of fuel in throttle is further opened the engine speed is in
channels |0| and |02, also prevents air from en
creased- and the suction increases in the mixing 15
tering the fuel chamber |55, so‘that'upon subse-- passage and the primary or main jet v9| begins
quent accelerating movement of the throttle these to deliver fuel into the mixing passage atthe cen
channels are already i‘llled with fuel so that prac
tral axis-of the small venturi 19. At the' time the
passage,
tically instantaneous extrusion of fuel- through mainvjet 9| delivers fuel into the
the oriilce |92 ‘takes place under the spring pres A the reedfvalves, due to air velocity and decreased
sure exerted upon the piston |0| whenever slight pressure within the mixing passage will be caused
downward movement of the cross arm |00 and
to open slightly so as to permit an increased
shaft |00 takes place by slight opening move
amount of air to pass through the mixing passage
ment` of the throttle.
.
r
' .
and in this manner prevent an overenrichment of
-
To obtain full power at open or nearly open
fuel mixture passing to the engine. As the speed
throttle position it is desirable that the car
of the engine increases, the suction increases and
buretor deliver additional fuel to the mixing pas
sage in excess of the amount which will pass
through the primary or main jet 9| and the
secondary jet 92. To obtain this result the car
buretor of our invention is formed with a boss
therefore the proportionate degree of opening of
the reeds is increased to accommodate the flow -of
air andl fuel through the Vmixing passages.
During the operation of the engine at compara 30
~tively high speed, in order to maintain a proper
mixture ratio, the secondary jet 92 is caused t0
portion 200 `vertically bored to receive a -shaft
20|, thev latter being reciprocably mounted in the I come into operation and deliver additional fuel
bore. The lower portion of shaft 20| is reduced into the mixing passage in order'to maintain a
l in -size to form a tenon 202, which normally con
substantially balanced mixture ratio of fuel to air.
tacts with a ball check member 203 arranged in As the reeds open they assume a curved configura
the upper end of. an enlarged bore orl chamber tion which they attain under the rapidv passage
204, the ball check 203 being heldin its upper
of air as illustrated in Figure 4, which configura
most position under the influence of an expan - tion provides -in effect a third‘venturi, thus ob-v
40 sive spring 205, the spring being held in place - taining a maximum flowof air through the open-, 40
and the lower entrance to the chamber being
ing ail'orded by the ilexure of the reed valves and.`
closed by means of a threaded plug 200. Ther at the same time maintaining a high air velocity.
This type of carburetor _because of the variable
I chamber 200 is in communication with a trans
versely extending channel 201 which communi- ` effective-area of mixing passage makes possible
cates with a channel 200 leading into the chamber the utilization of a single ~carburetor for various 45
formed by recess |01 in the fitting or member 90..
Diametrically opposed openings |00' permit the
types and sizes of internal combustion engines as
the flexible wall passage accommodates the vary
fuel in recess |01 to flow into the main or pri
ing volume of fuel- ~mixture required.
mary jet 9|.
»
.
Q
v
The operation of the accelerating well and
-
When the throttle has been moved to open or
nearly open position, the cross arm |00 is thereby
depressed and engages the upper extremity of the
power jet have been hereinbefore explained. `
shaft 20| depressing- the latter, the tenon 202
ments may be made other than is herein dis
closed, and the present disclosure is illustrative
' of which pushes the ball check m away from its
seat and permits fuel to flow through channel |09
leading from' the float bowl into the chamber 200,
channels201 and 200,’ recess |01, openings |00',
thus supplying ‘additional fuel direct from the
float bowl through the above mentioned channels
50
It is apparent that, within the scope of the in--
vention modifications and different arrange
merely, the invention comprehending all varia
tions’ thereof.
- A
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=
What we claim'isz.
.
. 1. In a carburetor,` in -combination, a- mixing
passage; `a plurality of axiallyaligned venturls
substantially centrally arranged in said passage;' 60
ment in effect by-passes the fuel channel con
a fuel discharge nozzle terminating substantially
trolled'by the metering pin` ||0 so that when,Á in alignment with the axis of said venturis, the
~ power is needed with the throttle toward well extremity of the nozzle being an apex formed by
open position, the same is supplied in the form of intercepting v angularly arranged surfaces;' a '
additional fuel to the main jet thi ough the plurality of flexible reed valves positioned ad 65
arrangement above described. When the -throttle jacent said venturis and >substantially equally
is only partially opened, the by-pass of fuel from spaced from the axis of said venturis, said valves
the float bowl direct to the main nozzle is closed adapted to flex to permit additional amount of
direct to the main nozzle 9|.
Such an arrange
as soon as the ball check 200 is seated in chamber
204 under the inñuence of the spring 205. '
„The‘general operation of the carburetor of our>
' invention is as follows:
At low or idling speeds with the throttle in
substantially closed or idling position thefuel for
the idling mixture passes from the fluid chamber
air to pass throughsaid-mixlng passage.
'
2. In a carburetor, in combination, Aa. mixing 70
passage; a plurality of axially aligned concentric
venturis arranged in said passage; a plurality >of ’
flexible reed valves positioned adjacent said ven
turis and substantially equally spaced from the
axis» of said venturis, said valves normally re
l
6
2,114,970
stricting the flow of air around said venturis, said
valves adapted to flex to permit additional
amount of air to pass around said venturis
through said mixing passage.
3. In a carburetor, a mixing passage, a member
positioned in said passage; a plurality of venturis
positioned in said mixing passage *and supported
on said member, said venturis having substantial
ly a common- axis; and a plurality of converging
10 flexible reeds positioned adjacent to and substan
tially equally spaced from the axis of said ven
turis, said reeds being secured to said member.
9. In a carburetor, in combination, a mixing
passage; a frame positioned in said mixing pas
sage; a venturi substantially centrally positioned
in said mixing passage supported by said frame';,¿'v
a plurality of flexible valves carried by said fram‘e‘`
and arranged outside of said venturi, said valvesr
being spaced equally from said axis of said ven
turi; primary and secondary fuel discharge noz
zles projecting through said frame and terminat
ing adjacent said Venturi axis; and means for
regulating the flow of fuel to said primary nozzle.
1i). In a carburetor, in combination, a fuel sup
4. In a carburetor, in combination, a mixing _ ply chamber; a mixing passage; a removable
passage; a plurality of venturis substantially cen
15' trally positioned in said mixing passage; a plural
frame structure normally supported in said mix
ing passage; said frame structure including a 15
-ity of reed valves positioned exteriorly of said
plurality of aligned Venturi tubes of diiferent
venturis and substantially equidistant from the
sizes; a plurality of fuel discharge nozzles ter
central of one of said venturis; and a fuel eject
minating substantially adjacent the axis of said\
ing nozzle angularly positioned with respect to
venturis, said fuel nozzles receiving fuel from the
fuel supply in said chamber; said frame structure 20
including a plurality of sets of converging uni
planar surfaces spaced about the axis of said
venturis; and a plurality of flexible reed valves
adapted to contact with said sets of uniplanar
surfaces for regulating the amount of air passing
through said mixing passage.
11. In a carburetor, in combination, a body
formed of at least three connected sections; a
plurality of heat resisting elements interposed
between two sections; a fuel supply chamber ad 30
jacent to said central sections, said sections hav
ing hollow aligned portions forming a mixing
passage; a tube communicating between said fuel
supply chamber and an upper section of said
carburetor body whereby said fuel supply cham
ber is vented from said mixing passage; an air
regulating valve journalled in the upper section
of said carburetor body; a venturi positioned in
an intermediate section of said carburetor body;
a fuel nozzle adaptedì to discharge fuel adjacent 40
said venturi, said nozzle adapted to receive fuel
from said fuel’chamber; a plurality of flexible
valves positioned about the axis of said venturi
and adapted to flex; and a throttle valve jour
the axis of one of said venturis and terminating
adjacent thereto.
»
5. In a carburetor, in combination, a mixing
passage; a plurality of axially aligned venturis
in said passage; a plurality of flexible reed valves
25 positioned surrounding said venturis and equidis
tant from the axis of said venturis, the relatively
movable ends of said valves terminating at the
extremity of one of said venturis, said valves nor
mally restricting the ñow of air to around said
.30. `venturis, said valves adapted to flex to permit
additional air to pass through said mixing pas
sage.
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_
6. In _a carburetorin combination a fuel -sup
ply chamber; av mixing passage; a removable
35 member normally supported in said mixing pas
sage, said member including a plurality of axially
aligned Venturi tubes of different sizes; a plural
ity of fuel discharge nozzles terminating ad
. jacent the axis of said venturis; a plurality of
40 converging surfaces spaced about the axis of said
venturis'carried by said removable member; and
a plurality of flexible reed valves normally con
tacting with said converging surfaces for re
stricting the .amount of air passing through said
mixing passage.
n
y,
7. In a. carburetor, in combination, a mixing
passage; ‘a venturi positioned in said mixing pas
sage; a second venturi into which said ñrst ven
turi delivers; a plurality of flexible plates sur-V
50 rounding said venturls; a plurality of fuel dis
45
nalled in a section of said carburetor body.
12. In a carburetor in combination of a mixing
passage; means for delivery of fuel into said mix
ing passage comprising a primary and second
ary unitary jet construction including a member
having a substantially rectangular cross section., 50
charge nozzles terminating in said mixing pas
said member terminating at one extremity in a
sage; one of said nozzles terminating. in sub
flanged portion; a pair of juxtapositioned chan
nels in said member, the extremities of said chan
Anels opposite the flanged end of said member
forming >fuel delivery outlets for said mixing 55
stantial alignment with 4the axis of said venturis
and means for regulating `the flow of fuel to one
of said nozzles.
»
8. An air controlling means for a carburetor
mixing passage including in combination a mem
ber having a skeleton structure formed with con- .
verging portions projecting in the direction of the
central axis of said mixing passage; -a venturi
supported by portions of said member within said
converging portions; a plurality of flexible Walls
secured at their upper extremities to said skele
_' ton structure, each of said walls adapted to en
gage some of said converging portions; said ilex
ible walls adapted to be flexed outwardly Where
by an increased amount of air is enabled to pass
around said venturi.
passage.
.
O
13. In a carburetor, a mixing passage; a mem
ber arranged in said mixing passage; a venturi
arranged in said mixing passage and integrally
formed with said member; a plurality of con
vergingly arranged flexible reed valves positioned
adjacent to andvsubstantially equally spaced from
the axis of -said venturi, one end of each of said
re'ed valves being ñxedly secured to said member i
the other end of -each of said reed valves termi
nating at the extremity of said venturi.
EARL A.' RULLISON.
HOWARD B. SIMMONS.
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