Патент USA US2115013код для вставки
April 26, ' 1938. 2,1 15,013 R. J. DOWLING ET AL CARBONATED WATER BOTTLE FILLER Filed July 10, 1936 mm. mv ‘ Reginald‘ J Dowli 9 Charles D. D v idson @"aMKY 2,115,013; Patented Apr. 26, 1938 - UNITED STATES ‘PATENT OFFiCE 2,115,013 CARBONATED WATER BOTTLE FILLER Reginald J. Dowling and Charles D. Davidson, Seattle, Wash. Application July 10, 1936, Serial No. 89,958 '7 Claims. (01. 226-62) Our invention pertains to carbonated water bottle ?llers, and in particular to the type which can be attached to the edge of a table, a wall bracket, or the like, and need not be provided 5 with the usual heavy stand or base which is characteristic of the ?oor type. Carbonated water is largely dispensed in so called siphon bottles. The actual cost of car bonating and re?lling such bottles is negligible, but because the equipment for so doing, hereto fore available, has been large and expensive, hence has only been installed in plants ?lling bottles in large numbers, it has been necessary to charge considerable amounts for each bot 15 tleful. The cost of collecting and redistributing the bottles controlledthe cost thereof. Never theless, many neighborhood stores, such as drug stores, have carbonating equipment in connec tion with soda fountains, and can recharge and re?ll such bottles at small cost (since no col adapt the machine for the reception of bottles having heads of widely different size or shape we provide regulating mechanism. Other ‘objects, and more particularly those which inhere in the simple though e?icient con struction which we employ, will appear from a study of the drawing and the ensuing descrip tion. Our invention, then, relates to a carbonated water bottle ?ller, having among others the above 10 mentioned advantages, an efficient, convenient and operative form of which is illustrated in the drawing and described hereafter in the speci?ca tion. While this form shown and described is the one which we now prefer it will be under 15 stood that various changes in detail may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of our invention, as pointed out more particularly in the claims appended to this speci?cation. Figure l is a side elevation view of our device, lection and redistribution is necessary) if equip ment is available suitable to their needs. Gen erally speaking, our object is to provide equip ment suitable to such needs, to the end that the price of the charged water to the consumer may be lessened. Such a ?ller should be adapted to be quickly showing a bottle in operative position and partly ?lled, but with the protective cage shown in in operative position for better revelation of the mounted ‘for use or removed for storage, and should also be of small size and compactly built so that it may be stored in a small space. Al though our machine is not at all cumbersome, it is nevertheless of rugged construction. Having few parts, however, it is economical to produce and will not readily get out of order. be attached to a table, a wall or any similar structure. Upon the bracket 1 is mounted a ?ll Another object of our invention is to provide a carbonated water bottle ?ller which will pro tect the operator from being injured by flying glass in case the bottle being ?lled should break. The charged water is forced into the bottle under 40 a considerable pressure, and if this pressure he comes su?iciently great the bottle will burst, and the pressure created will shatter the glass, driving it with considerable force. To assist the operator it is a further object of .45 our invention to provide mechanism for auto matically maintaining a bottle in ?lling posi tion, so that he can direct his entire attention to the ?lling operation, or may leave the ma chine without ?rst removing the bottle from ?ll ing position. Still a further object of our invention is to provide a ?lling machine which will accommo date carbonated water bottles having heads vary ing somewhat in size and shape without having to make anyadjustments in the machine. To parts. Figure 2 is another elevation View taken along 25 the line 2—2 of Figure 1. Our device is of the bracket type which may ing faucet 2, which is spaced above the bracket 30 a distance su?icient to receive therebetween the head 3 of a bottle B. ' The bottle is supported from the bracket 1 chie?y through the medium of a block 4, which is formed to engage the solid end of the bottle 35 head. This block is provided with some conven ient means to raise and lower it so that the spout of the bottle 30 may be forced up into- engage ment with the faucet 2. Lifting means, which are simple and which we have found to be ef ?cient for our purpose, may consist of a rod 40 which projects through and is guided by a hole extending through the bracket I. The upper end of this rod is received in a recess 4! formed in the block 4. To move this rod lengthwise I may provide a manually operated lever 42, hav ing a suitable handle, which is journaled in the bracket upon a pivot bolt 43, extending trans versely of the rod 40. On the pivoted end of this lever is formed an eccentric cam surface 44 which engages the lower end of the rod. Upward move ment of the lever 42 causes this cam to rotate in a direction to raise the rod, which in turn will lift the block 4 and the bottle head 3 supported thereby to'engage the spout 30 with the faucet 2. 2,115,013 ' It is very desirable that the operator befree to accomplish the ?lling operation without hav ing his mind distracted by having to hold the bottle in place; Furthermore, it is desirable that the operator be at liberty'to leave the machine thereto to receive the cradle. The levero42 is then raised, to raise the block 4 for lifting the bottle head to engage the spout 30 with the f faucet. ' Before the ?lling’ operation can be started the. . temporarily to attend to other work. ,A machine lever B, pivoted on the arm 50, must be turned to depress the handle 3| of the soda water bottle, a soda fountain orin a drug store. The operator .so that the valve in the head will be opened to in his spare moments or upon order may fill‘. establish communication, ‘between the-Ispout 30 of this type, for example, may be employed at 10 carbonated water bottles, and with a device which , and the tube 3-2 extending down into, the bottle. 10 locks or maintains the'bottle in place he may 'The ?lling operation is then accomplished by leave the machine at any stage of the ?lling op-, ' manipulation of the valve handle 24 to connect eration to wait on acustomer. . V with the spout 30 either the carbonated water. if Frictional engagement of the lever 42 with the Supply pipe 23 or a pressure relief or shifter 15 bracket I might serve this purpose, or a positive pipe 25. . ' ' ‘ ' . , , ‘l5 catch might be employed.‘ As a preferred type of mechanism for accomplishing this operation, however, we form the surface of the. cam 44 with bonated water bottles, especially during the ?l1’-_ ing operation. Occasionally such pressures will a ?at or other suitable portion 45 at the’ end cause a bottle to burst, and it 'is therefore‘de— > 20 of ‘its travel. When engaged with thisv portion of the cam surface the rod 4 will be in its upper , position, wherein the spout 30 is held in engage Considerable pressures are‘generated in car- i sirable to provide means to protect the operator 20 from ?ying glass. For this purpose we ‘provide a cage‘! which is constructed'as ‘a single piece,’ 'ment with the faucet 2, and the parts will be - Several elements may be joinedto make such a maintained thus disposed automatically,against cage, of course, ‘such as thecylindrical body, an; 2.5 the force of gravity or weight of the bottle, the insert 10 made of screen, material, and a circular 2.5 block 4 and the ‘rod 30, and also against the pres end. Upon completion, however,'the wholestru.c_—_ surecexerted by the head 3' against the block 4, ture will constituteia- single‘piece,w having no in reaction to the pressure of the spout 30 against hinges or clasps which might be ssubiectito fail! 7 .. the faucet 2. " V ' ure. Thus when the cage is inserted overeathe 30 ' The tops of carbonated water bottles are not’ bottle B and theiarni‘ 501,'as shown in dottedline; 3.0. always of the same size or shape. For small in Figure 1‘, a bursting bottle will bev con?ned variations in dimensions we provide an _auto~ positively, since thereare‘ no catches or thelike, matic adjustment. The travel of the rod 40 ver which might spring open. ‘ tically is uniform for all bottle engaging opera In inoperative position. ‘the protectivegcage'il. 735' tions. In positioning bottles of different'sizes, hangs downward outof the Way, supported byvv a 35 however, the blockl4, may be required to move ring ‘H which slidesl'over the arm 50and may en; varying distances to accommodate, such bottles. gage in a notch 5|: formed therein. Whenjthe To permit such movement of the block 4 we may interpose a spring 46 between the'upper end of 40 the rod 40 and the bottom of the recess 4!.“ As ' adjacent to the'cradle 5. The cage is, then tipped the movement of the block v4 is required to vary,‘ when the rod 4E1is in the upperv position, the spring 46 will-.be increased or decreased in length. In‘ every case,v however, this 7 spring, will insure: a 74.5 ‘su?icient pressure of the spout, 7370 ‘against the nozzle of the faucet 2 to provide a leak-proof connection. ' ‘ ' ' V ; ' * For larger variations in bottle top, size and shape it may. be necessary to, adjust either the '50 height. or the lateral position of the faucet’ 2. The height may be adjusted by raising or lower ing the faucet supporting column 20 which is guided in the bracket land securedi thereto by any convenient means such as a set screw 72!. 55 Rotation ‘of this column will cause the faucet to ' vswing to any desired lateral position through an ‘unlimited are. To change theiradius of swing of the faucet theset screw 22 may be loosened and the horizontal carbonated water supply pipe 60 23, actingas a supporting member, may then be ' ‘slid in‘ or out‘ of the column 20 T, as desired, and secured in the. new position. The faucet is thus given universal movement, both vertically, ‘and V in every horizontal direction, With such adjust—. .65. ment the machine; may be set to accommodate bottles having heads of any size and shape within awiderange. " . ' ,m ' When-a bottle B to be ?lled is to be put in place the lever 42v will be in the down. position. The 70 bottle head 3 will then be 'set on the block. 4, with the, bottle bodylying in’ a cradleinember 5 whichis supported upon an arm 50 inclined. up'-. ' wardly fromancl ?xedly secured to the bracket I. 97-5 bottle has beeniput in'place the cage mayybe lifted and the'ring' ‘ll slid upward to aposition This ea-rm lies in a vertical plane except for its upper-end; which is twisted into a plane normal into alignment with ‘the/arm and bottle and,’ slippedv down thereover, the ring‘ ‘H sliding back down the varm'into the'rdotted line positionv shown. The ring is sufficiently- large so that, it‘ will, not , unduly hamper movement of vthe cage lengthwise of the arm, and the arm, it will be noted, ter- ' ‘minates adjacent to the'bottom of the bottle,,.so that lateral movement of the cage is not; ‘re stricted when its open; end‘ has passedbeyond; the bottle. , ‘ ' v a ' “ 7' ' r , @150v The described structure does? nothold the ‘cage 7‘ rigidlyin. place, so that in casethe-bottle breaks, 7* the pressuregenerated will tend to. lift the cage upwardly, the ring 5]‘ permitting limited moves ment thereof outward. toward the end of the-arm -55 50;. Since suchmovementwilli considerably cush ion, the burstingyforcelwithin the cage, the exi-r plosion‘will' have less'tendency to rupture it. ,The outward movementiof the cage/'willrbe stopped by its interconnection'with the'arm through; the ring ‘H, which cannot ‘slide past the cradle. 5,. .60 Thus while 7 the peak stress on the. cage- wil1~,~:be ' greatly diminished‘and its. protective qualitywill V g i V be increased‘ correspondingly, the cage; itself ,with the. glass pieces fromthe bottle‘ contained therein, can not be hurled. from the machine :to; inflict, injury. ' ' ‘ It‘will be. seen, therefore, that our; machine incorporates important'yfeatures conducive; to safe and e?icient' operation, although-the; struc [70 ture is simple, compact and'rugged; What we claimasour inventionfis': ‘ » '7 . 1.‘ A carbonated water' bottle 7 ?ller _ comprising a bracket adapted- to 'befmounted on. awtablénbl‘ the like, a ?lling faucetheld-in position de?nitely " " 3 2,115,013 spaced thereabove, an upwardly inclined arm tle heads of different sizes between it and said ?xed to the bracket, adapted to support the body faucet, for unvarying movements of said rod and of the bottle, a block to engage the head of a carbonated water bottle, means guided by said bracket, supporting said block and operable to raise it, for raising the bottle head engaged there by into operative engagement with the ?lling lever, and means to adjust the position of said ?lling faucet transversely in any direction or ver tically to accommodate between it and the block bottle heads varying greatly in size and shape. 4. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising faucet, means cooperating with said ?rst means a bracket, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed to said to maintain such means automatically in position 10 to hold the bottle in its upper, faucet-engaged bracket, adapted to support the body of a bottle, position against the force of gravity and the pres sure of the bottle head, and a lever pivoted on said ?xed arm and engageable with the valve handle on the bottle head to depress the same only 15 after said bottle head has been fully raised to its upper position by said cam lever. a single piece protective cage of a size to enclose 10 both said arm and a bottle disposed adjacent thereto, stop means secured to said arm, and means connected to said cage and engageable with said stop means, to limit upward movement of the cage along the arm.‘ 15 5. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising 2. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising a bracket, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed to said a bracket adapted to be mounted on a table or bracket, adapted to support the body of a bottle, the like, a ?lling faucet held in position de?nitely a single piece protective cage of a size to- enclose both said arm and a bottle disposed adjacent 20 thereto, a supporting member secured to said cage and encircling said arm to slide upward 20 spaced thereabove, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed to the bracket, adapted to support the body of a bottle, an upright rod extending through and guided in said bracket for lengthwise movement, a block carried by the upper end of said rod above 25 said bracket to engage the head of a carbonated water bottle, a, hand lever journaled in said bracket upon an axis disposed transversely of said rod and directly in line therewith, having an eccentric cam formed on its journaled end to 30 engage the lower end of said rod, by swinging of the lever to raise or to lower said rod, and in turn said block and the bottle head engaged thereby, said cam being formed to maintain the rod and lever in their upper positions against the 35 force of gravity and the pressure of the bottle head, and a lever pivoted on said ?xed arm and engageable with the valve handle on the bottle head to depress the same only after said bottle head has been fully raised to its upper position 40 by said cam lever. 3. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising thereon for insertion of said cage over the arm and bottle or for removal therefrom, and slidable down said arm for movement of said cage down 25 ward over the arm and bottle to cover them, or to support said cage hanging downward below said arm when in inoperative position, and stop means on said arm for engagement with said‘ cage supporting member to limit both upward 30 and downward movement of the cage along the arm. 6. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising a bracket, a ?at, upwardly inclined arm ?xed thereto to lie in a vertical plane, and having its 35 outer end twisted to» lie normal to such vertical plane, a cradle member secured to the outer end of said arm to support the body of a bottle, a protective cage to enclose both said arm and. a bottle disposed adjacent thereto, and a support 40 ing ring secured to said cage and encircling said a bracket adapted to be mounted on a table or arm, of a size insu?icient to pass over said cradle, the like, a ?lling faucet held in position de?nitely spaced thereabove, and upwardly inclined arm ?xed to the bracket, adapted to support the body 45 of a bottle, an upright rod extending through and guided in said bracket for lengthwise move ment, a block carried by the upper end of said but su?‘iciently large to slide freely along said rod above said bracket to engage the head of a 60 carbonated water bottle, a hand lever journaled in said bracket upon an axis disposed transverse ly of said rod and directly in line therewith, hav ing an eccentric cam formed on its journaled end to engage the lower end of said rod, by swing 55 ing of the lever to raise or to lower said rod, and in turn said block and the bottle head engaged thereby, said cam being formed to maintain the rod and lever in their upper positions against the force of gravity and the pressure of the bottle 60 head, yieldable means incorporated in said rod between said cam and said block, to accommo date the displacement of the block to receive bot arm, and said arm having a notch cut in the side thereof to receive said ring for supporting said cage in inoperative position hanging below said arm. '7. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising a bracket, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed there to, a transverse member secured to the outer end 50 of said arm, a protective cage to enclose both said arm and a bottle disposed adjacent thereto, a supporting member secured to said cage and en circling said arm, of a size insuflicient ‘to pass over said transverse member, but su?iciently 55 large to slide freely along said arm, and means on said arm engageable with said supporting member to limit movement thereof downward along said arm. REGINALD J. DOWLING. 60 CHARLES D. DAVIDSON.