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Патент USA US2115013

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April 26, ' 1938.
2,1 15,013
R. J. DOWLING ET AL
CARBONATED WATER BOTTLE FILLER
Filed July 10, 1936
mm.
mv
‘ Reginald‘ J Dowli 9
Charles D. D v idson
@"aMKY
2,115,013;
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
- UNITED STATES ‘PATENT
OFFiCE
2,115,013
CARBONATED WATER BOTTLE FILLER
Reginald J. Dowling and Charles D. Davidson,
Seattle, Wash.
Application July 10, 1936, Serial No. 89,958
'7 Claims. (01. 226-62)
Our invention pertains to carbonated water
bottle ?llers, and in particular to the type which
can be attached to the edge of a table, a wall
bracket, or the like, and need not be provided
5 with the usual heavy stand or base which is
characteristic of the ?oor type.
Carbonated water is largely dispensed in so
called siphon bottles. The actual cost of car
bonating and re?lling such bottles is negligible,
but because the equipment for so doing, hereto
fore available, has been large and expensive,
hence has only been installed in plants ?lling
bottles in large numbers, it has been necessary
to charge considerable amounts for each bot
15 tleful. The cost of collecting and redistributing
the bottles controlledthe cost thereof. Never
theless, many neighborhood stores, such as drug
stores, have carbonating equipment in connec
tion with soda fountains, and can recharge and
re?ll such bottles at small cost (since no col
adapt the machine for the reception of bottles
having heads of widely different size or shape we
provide regulating mechanism.
Other ‘objects, and more particularly those
which inhere in the simple though e?icient con
struction which we employ, will appear from a
study of the drawing and the ensuing descrip
tion.
Our invention, then, relates to a carbonated
water bottle ?ller, having among others the above 10
mentioned advantages, an efficient, convenient
and operative form of which is illustrated in the
drawing and described hereafter in the speci?ca
tion. While this form shown and described is
the one which we now prefer it will be under 15
stood that various changes in detail may be made
without departing from the spirit and scope of
our invention, as pointed out more particularly
in the claims appended to this speci?cation.
Figure l is a side elevation view of our device,
lection and redistribution is necessary) if equip
ment is available suitable to their needs. Gen
erally speaking, our object is to provide equip
ment suitable to such needs, to the end that the
price of the charged water to the consumer may
be lessened.
Such a ?ller should be adapted to be quickly
showing a bottle in operative position and partly
?lled, but with the protective cage shown in in
operative position for better revelation of the
mounted ‘for use or removed for storage, and
should also be of small size and compactly built
so that it may be stored in a small space. Al
though our machine is not at all cumbersome, it
is nevertheless of rugged construction. Having
few parts, however, it is economical to produce
and will not readily get out of order.
be attached to a table, a wall or any similar
structure. Upon the bracket 1 is mounted a ?ll
Another object of our invention is to provide
a carbonated water bottle ?ller which will pro
tect the operator from being injured by flying
glass in case the bottle being ?lled should break.
The charged water is forced into the bottle under
40 a considerable pressure, and if this pressure he
comes su?iciently great the bottle will burst,
and the pressure created will shatter the glass,
driving it with considerable force.
To assist the operator it is a further object of
.45 our invention to provide mechanism for auto
matically maintaining a bottle in ?lling posi
tion, so that he can direct his entire attention
to the ?lling operation, or may leave the ma
chine without ?rst removing the bottle from ?ll
ing position.
Still a further object of our invention is to
provide a ?lling machine which will accommo
date carbonated water bottles having heads vary
ing somewhat in size and shape without having
to make anyadjustments in the machine. To
parts.
Figure 2 is another elevation View taken along 25
the line 2—2 of Figure 1.
Our device is of the bracket type which may
ing faucet 2, which is spaced above the bracket 30
a distance su?icient to receive therebetween the
head 3 of a bottle B.
'
The bottle is supported from the bracket 1
chie?y through the medium of a block 4, which
is formed to engage the solid end of the bottle 35
head. This block is provided with some conven
ient means to raise and lower it so that the spout
of the bottle 30 may be forced up into- engage
ment with the faucet 2. Lifting means, which
are simple and which we have found to be ef
?cient for our purpose, may consist of a rod 40
which projects through and is guided by a hole
extending through the bracket I. The upper
end of this rod is received in a recess 4! formed
in the block 4. To move this rod lengthwise I
may provide a manually operated lever 42, hav
ing a suitable handle, which is journaled in the
bracket upon a pivot bolt 43, extending trans
versely of the rod 40. On the pivoted end of this
lever is formed an eccentric cam surface 44 which
engages the lower end of the rod. Upward move
ment of the lever 42 causes this cam to rotate
in a direction to raise the rod, which in turn will
lift the block 4 and the bottle head 3 supported
thereby to'engage the spout 30 with the faucet 2.
2,115,013
' It is very desirable that the operator befree
to accomplish the ?lling operation without hav
ing his mind distracted by having to hold the
bottle in place; Furthermore, it is desirable that
the operator be at liberty'to leave the machine
thereto to receive the cradle. The levero42 is
then raised, to raise the block 4 for lifting the
bottle head to engage the spout 30 with the f
faucet.
'
Before the ?lling’ operation can be started the.
. temporarily to attend to other work. ,A machine
lever B, pivoted on the arm 50, must be turned
to depress the handle 3| of the soda water bottle,
a soda fountain orin a drug store. The operator .so that the valve in the head will be opened to
in his spare moments or upon order may fill‘. establish communication, ‘between the-Ispout 30
of this type, for example, may be employed at
10 carbonated water bottles, and with a device which ,
and the tube 3-2 extending down into, the bottle. 10
locks or maintains the'bottle in place he may 'The ?lling operation is then accomplished by
leave the machine at any stage of the ?lling op-, ' manipulation of the valve handle 24 to connect
eration to wait on acustomer. .
V
with the spout 30 either the carbonated water. if
Frictional engagement of the lever 42 with the Supply pipe 23 or a pressure relief or shifter
15 bracket I might serve this purpose, or a positive
pipe 25.
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catch might be employed.‘ As a preferred type
of mechanism for accomplishing this operation,
however, we form the surface of the. cam 44 with
bonated water bottles, especially during the ?l1’-_
ing operation. Occasionally such pressures will
a ?at or other suitable portion 45 at the’ end
cause a bottle to burst, and it 'is therefore‘de— >
20 of ‘its travel.
When engaged with thisv portion
of the cam surface the rod 4 will be in its upper
, position, wherein the spout 30 is held in engage
Considerable pressures are‘generated in car- i
sirable to provide means to protect the operator 20
from ?ying glass. For this purpose we ‘provide
a cage‘! which is constructed'as ‘a single piece,’
'ment with the faucet 2, and the parts will be - Several elements may be joinedto make such a
maintained thus disposed automatically,against cage, of course, ‘such as thecylindrical body, an;
2.5 the force of gravity or weight of the bottle, the insert 10 made of screen, material, and a circular 2.5
block 4 and the ‘rod 30, and also against the pres
end. Upon completion, however,'the wholestru.c_—_
surecexerted by the head 3' against the block 4, ture will constituteia- single‘piece,w having no
in reaction to the pressure of the spout 30 against hinges or clasps which might be ssubiectito fail! 7 ..
the faucet 2.
"
V
'
ure. Thus when the cage is inserted overeathe
30 '
The tops of carbonated water bottles are not’ bottle B and theiarni‘ 501,'as shown in dottedline; 3.0.
always of the same size or shape. For small in Figure 1‘, a bursting bottle will bev con?ned
variations in dimensions we provide an _auto~ positively, since thereare‘ no catches or thelike,
matic adjustment. The travel of the rod 40 ver
which might spring open.
‘
tically is uniform for all bottle engaging opera
In inoperative position. ‘the protectivegcage'il.
735' tions. In positioning bottles of different'sizes, hangs downward outof the Way, supported byvv a 35
however, the blockl4, may be required to move ring ‘H which slidesl'over the arm 50and may en;
varying distances to accommodate, such bottles. gage in a notch 5|: formed therein. Whenjthe
To permit such movement of the block 4 we may
interpose a spring 46 between the'upper end of
40
the rod 40 and the bottom of the recess 4!.“ As ' adjacent to the'cradle 5. The cage is, then tipped
the movement of the block v4 is required to vary,‘
when the rod 4E1is in the upperv position, the
spring 46 will-.be increased or decreased in length.
In‘ every case,v however, this 7 spring, will insure: a
74.5 ‘su?icient pressure of the spout, 7370 ‘against the
nozzle of the faucet 2 to provide a leak-proof
connection.
'
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V
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'
*
For larger variations in bottle top, size and
shape it may. be necessary to, adjust either the
'50 height. or the lateral position of the faucet’ 2.
The height may be adjusted by raising or lower
ing the faucet supporting column 20 which is
guided in the bracket land securedi thereto by
any convenient means such as a set screw 72!.
55 Rotation ‘of this column will cause the faucet to
' vswing to any desired lateral position through an
‘unlimited are.
To change theiradius of swing
of the faucet theset screw 22 may be loosened
and the horizontal carbonated water supply pipe
60
23, actingas a supporting member, may then be
' ‘slid in‘ or out‘ of the column 20 T, as desired, and
secured in the. new position. The faucet is thus
given universal movement, both vertically, ‘and
V in every horizontal direction, With such adjust—.
.65. ment the machine; may be set to accommodate
bottles having heads of any size and shape within
awiderange.
"
.
'
,m
' When-a bottle B to be ?lled is to be put in place
the lever 42v will be in the down. position.
The
70 bottle head 3 will then be 'set on the block. 4,
with the, bottle bodylying in’ a cradleinember 5
whichis supported upon an arm 50 inclined. up'-.
' wardly fromancl ?xedly secured to the bracket I.
97-5
bottle has beeniput in'place the cage mayybe
lifted and the'ring' ‘ll slid upward to aposition
This ea-rm lies in a vertical plane except for its
upper-end; which is twisted into a plane normal
into alignment with ‘the/arm and bottle and,’
slippedv down thereover, the ring‘ ‘H sliding back
down the varm'into the'rdotted line positionv shown.
The ring is sufficiently- large so that, it‘ will, not
, unduly hamper movement of vthe cage lengthwise
of the arm, and the arm, it will be noted, ter- '
‘minates adjacent to the'bottom of the bottle,,.so
that lateral movement of the cage is not; ‘re
stricted when its open; end‘ has passedbeyond; the
bottle.
,
‘
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v
a
'
“
7'
'
r
,
@150v
The described structure does? nothold the ‘cage 7‘
rigidlyin. place, so that in casethe-bottle breaks, 7*
the pressuregenerated will tend to. lift the cage
upwardly, the ring 5]‘ permitting limited moves
ment thereof outward. toward the end of the-arm -55
50;. Since suchmovementwilli considerably cush
ion, the burstingyforcelwithin the cage, the exi-r
plosion‘will' have less'tendency to rupture it. ,The
outward movementiof the cage/'willrbe stopped
by its interconnection'with the'arm through; the
ring ‘H, which cannot ‘slide past the cradle. 5,.
.60
Thus while 7 the peak stress on the. cage- wil1~,~:be '
greatly diminished‘and its. protective qualitywill V g i V
be increased‘ correspondingly, the cage; itself ,with
the. glass pieces fromthe bottle‘ contained therein,
can not be hurled. from the machine :to; inflict,
injury.
'
'
‘
It‘will be. seen, therefore, that our; machine
incorporates important'yfeatures conducive; to
safe and e?icient' operation, although-the; struc [70
ture is simple, compact and'rugged;
What we claimasour inventionfis':
‘
»
'7
.
1.‘ A carbonated water' bottle 7 ?ller _ comprising
a bracket adapted- to 'befmounted on. awtablénbl‘
the like, a ?lling faucetheld-in position de?nitely "
"
3
2,115,013
spaced thereabove, an upwardly inclined arm
tle heads of different sizes between it and said
?xed to the bracket, adapted to support the body
faucet, for unvarying movements of said rod and
of the bottle, a block to engage the head of a
carbonated water bottle, means guided by said
bracket, supporting said block and operable to
raise it, for raising the bottle head engaged there
by into operative engagement with the ?lling
lever, and means to adjust the position of said
?lling faucet transversely in any direction or ver
tically to accommodate between it and the block
bottle heads varying greatly in size and shape.
4. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising
faucet, means cooperating with said ?rst means
a bracket, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed to said
to maintain such means automatically in position
10 to hold the bottle in its upper, faucet-engaged
bracket, adapted to support the body of a bottle,
position against the force of gravity and the pres
sure of the bottle head, and a lever pivoted on
said ?xed arm and engageable with the valve
handle on the bottle head to depress the same only
15 after said bottle head has been fully raised to its
upper position by said cam lever.
a single piece protective cage of a size to enclose 10
both said arm and a bottle disposed adjacent
thereto, stop means secured to said arm, and
means connected to said cage and engageable
with said stop means, to limit upward movement
of the cage along the arm.‘
15
5. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising
2. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising
a bracket, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed to said
a bracket adapted to be mounted on a table or
bracket, adapted to support the body of a bottle,
the like, a ?lling faucet held in position de?nitely
a single piece protective cage of a size to- enclose
both said arm and a bottle disposed adjacent 20
thereto, a supporting member secured to said
cage and encircling said arm to slide upward
20 spaced thereabove, an upwardly inclined arm
?xed to the bracket, adapted to support the body
of a bottle, an upright rod extending through and
guided in said bracket for lengthwise movement,
a block carried by the upper end of said rod above
25 said bracket to engage the head of a carbonated
water bottle, a, hand lever journaled in said
bracket upon an axis disposed transversely of
said rod and directly in line therewith, having
an eccentric cam formed on its journaled end to
30 engage the lower end of said rod, by swinging of
the lever to raise or to lower said rod, and in
turn said block and the bottle head engaged
thereby, said cam being formed to maintain the
rod and lever in their upper positions against the
35 force of gravity and the pressure of the bottle
head, and a lever pivoted on said ?xed arm and
engageable with the valve handle on the bottle
head to depress the same only after said bottle
head has been fully raised to its upper position
40 by said cam lever.
3. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising
thereon for insertion of said cage over the arm
and bottle or for removal therefrom, and slidable
down said arm for movement of said cage down 25
ward over the arm and bottle to cover them, or
to support said cage hanging downward below
said arm when in inoperative position, and stop
means on said arm for engagement with said‘
cage supporting member to limit both upward 30
and downward movement of the cage along the
arm.
6. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising
a bracket, a ?at, upwardly inclined arm ?xed
thereto to lie in a vertical plane, and having its 35
outer end twisted to» lie normal to such vertical
plane, a cradle member secured to the outer end
of said arm to support the body of a bottle, a
protective cage to enclose both said arm and. a
bottle disposed adjacent thereto, and a support 40
ing ring secured to said cage and encircling said
a bracket adapted to be mounted on a table or
arm, of a size insu?icient to pass over said cradle,
the like, a ?lling faucet held in position de?nitely
spaced thereabove, and upwardly inclined arm
?xed
to the bracket, adapted to support the body
45
of a bottle, an upright rod extending through
and guided in said bracket for lengthwise move
ment, a block carried by the upper end of said
but su?‘iciently large to slide freely along said
rod above said bracket to engage the head of a
60 carbonated water bottle, a hand lever journaled
in said bracket upon an axis disposed transverse
ly of said rod and directly in line therewith, hav
ing an eccentric cam formed on its journaled end
to engage the lower end of said rod, by swing
55 ing of the lever to raise or to lower said rod, and
in turn said block and the bottle head engaged
thereby, said cam being formed to maintain the
rod and lever in their upper positions against
the force of gravity and the pressure of the bottle
60 head, yieldable means incorporated in said rod
between said cam and said block, to accommo
date the displacement of the block to receive bot
arm, and said arm having a notch cut in the side
thereof to receive said ring for supporting said
cage in inoperative position hanging below said
arm.
'7. A carbonated water bottle ?ller, comprising
a bracket, an upwardly inclined arm ?xed there
to, a transverse member secured to the outer end 50
of said arm, a protective cage to enclose both
said arm and a bottle disposed adjacent thereto,
a supporting member secured to said cage and en
circling said arm, of a size insuflicient ‘to pass
over said transverse member, but su?iciently 55
large to slide freely along said arm, and means
on said arm engageable with said supporting
member to limit movement thereof downward
along said arm.
REGINALD J. DOWLING.
60
CHARLES D. DAVIDSON.
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