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Патент USA US2115015

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April 26, 1938.
2,115,015»
B. ECKERT
JAR LIFTER
Filed Oct. 7, 1956
INVENTOR.
BY
EUELL ‘
[Tami
ATTORNEY.
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
A 2,115,015“,
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,115,015
_ V_
JAR. LIFTER.
Buell Eckert, Fremont, Ind., assignor of’ one-third
to Claude H.~Douglass and one-third to John
Stafford, both of Angola, Ind.
Application October 7, 1936, Serial No. 104,494
4 Claims. (Cl. 294-100)
My invention relates to improvements in jar 1 to 4 of the drawing. The vertical and nar
lifters, and has for its objects to provide a lifter rower strips II are parallel to act as support for
including a positive and secure frame, having a
the body of the lifter.
.
I
sired manipulating elements are slidably mount-'
The lower ends‘ l2 of the bent down'strips H
are bent toward each other forming a ?ange 13
on each, which ?anges are provided with con-‘
ed, and also guided for opening and closing jaws
to grip the neck of the jars for which the lifter
venient means for attachment thereon of one end
of the spring coil 14 to be later more fully ex
is intended, together with spring members con
plained. Slightly above the ends l2 of the strips
l I, a broadened and integral ?ange i5 is provided TOT
on either side of the strip H, thereby providing
convenient transverse handle, and vertical strong,
5' though formed of metal, strips upon which the de~
10 . meeting the frame with said jaws for actuation
of the latter as will be explained in detail.
’
It is a further object of my lifter to provide
four such ?anges l5 on the frame 5.
The outer
vertical coil springs adjacent the inner face’ of edges of said ?anges l5 are bent inwardly at it,
the respective frame strips to make readily at ' as shown in Figs. 3 to 6, and the inner edges ll
15 tachable or detachable‘the lower ends of the coils
upon the lower ends of said strips, whereby de
tachment of these parts makes easily replace
ment of the new springs when fracture requires
it. Another object is to mount the upper por
20 tions of the sliding elements pivotally together,
and thereby require no other pivotal connection"
of parts,—a very desirable advantage, aslater
explained.
'
'
Other objects and advantages will be apparent,
26 from the following description and the accompa
nying drawing in which:—
Figure 1 is a side view showing the jaws engag-v
ing the neck of a jar;
Figure 2 is a side elevation of the lifter show
30 ing the jaws separated;
'
Figure 3 is a front elevation of the device;
Figure 4 is a vertical, longitudinal section’ of
the lifter taken in a plane indicated, ‘by the line
4-4 of Fig. 3;
35
Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view taken in
a plane indicated by 5-5 of Fig. 4;
Figure 6 is a fragmentary detail of the lower tip
of one of the frame strips, and portions broken
away, and
40
Figure 7 is a perspective view of a detachable
detail fastener for the tip ?ange.
The lifter shown and described in this speci
?cation comprises an upper frame device 5 which‘
is without ?exibility and is vquite rigid, the jaws
6 which act to engage the neck ‘I of the jar, be—
ing guided by mounting the jaw members 8 upon
said device 5 for relative'movement thereon, and
thereby movement of the jaws to and away from
each other, being accomplished and controlled.
50
The frame 5 comprises an integral metal. strip
of ?at material whose original form is longitudi
nal, having an intermediate broadened portion
Whose lateral edges 9 are, in manufacture, turned
upwardly and toward each other, to form the
strong tubular handle portion ID, as seen in Figs.
of the ?anges l5 are shaped oblique to the length
of the strips, so that the intervening space‘ be
tween such ‘edges ll very positively widens in an
upward direction. Such edges H are not in con
tact with the strip faces, but are open suf?ciently
to receive jaw members 8 into such inclined inner
spaces l8 which are su?iciently open to, not
only admit the members 8, but permit slight
movement
spaces‘ l8.
guides for
closing, by
of the members 8 laterally in such
Such inclined spaces l8 furnish the
actuating the jaws S in opening or
the latter rising or falling by manual
operation.
The actuation of the jaw members depends in
my construction shown, by forming them of
strong wire separately, on opposite sides of the
jar to be lifted and carried.
To this end, either
member '8 is integral and comprises a loop have
ing parallel rods 8 slidable lengthwise of the cor
responding inclined spaces 18 within the flanges
l5 of the frame 5, the'upper ends of the mem 35
bers'B are bent toward the inner face of the ad
jacent strip H, and then joined by an integral
cross rod 59, while the lower ends are bent in- _
wardly and outwardly where they are integrally
joined by arcuate connections to form the grip 40
ping jaws 6; whereby raising members 8 in the
guides ‘56' tends to open the jaws E, and lower
ing them tends to force the jaws toward each
other to grip the neck 1 of the jar.
’
"
The various parts which comprise the jar lifter 45
are each completely formed in such a'manner
that subsequent to their assembly the formations
will serve to lock the parts together withoutfur-'
ther deforming of any of the parts. To this end
each ?ange l3 which is bent inwardly as shown in
Fig. 6 is provided with a pair of arcuate recesses vZ31
forming between them an ear 26. After the‘jaw
members 8 have been: inserted vin the guides
formed by the ?anges I6 a clipor shell 253 is '
slippedover' each ?ange l3 a'nd'when ‘so'posi
2.,
2,115,015
tioned prevent the jaws from being moved in
'20
movement
and I 0 draws
together
theormembers
toward each
8 withother.
their areal
grip jaws 6, upward through the guides I6 there
These shells 25 are then looked in position by - by separating the rods 8 and opening the jaws‘
the looped end 280i the springs I4. As shown 6, so that the jar is released, and the lifter may
in Fig. 7 ‘each shell is recessedon its upper and then be applied to another receptacle neck, where
wardly a distance sufficient to prevent their re
moval.
,
lower faces as. indicated at 21.
Such recesses
overlie the slots 23 whereby the springs I4. when
positioned as indicated, in Fig. 4 look the shells
10
in position on the ?anges I3.
manual release of the device causes the jaws to
grip the latter jar. In this operation, the rods 8 '
are held in the guides by the outer: curves at I 6,
and the curved ends 26 prevent inward movement 10
7
' The ends of the wire which form the jaws 8, of the rods, while the upper portions of the grip
are brought together and form the cross rods I9. ping members are permitted to' separate some‘
Thus it will be seen that prior to the insertion'of , what by the pivotal action of the rods I9 in the
'
‘the jaws in the frame II these ends of the wires tube 20.
Very effective action of the jaws 6 is attained’
‘or jaws 8 may be spread apart for insertion in,
the pivot sleeve 20. This sleeve'is provided ‘at. by application of force to both these members
either end with a downwardly turned ear 2|. 8, and the jar is gripped by. the springs I4 with
Each ‘of these ears is provided with a suitable ' out manual force applied to any part, the handle
opening to receive the upper loopedends of their only being grasped, unless the jaws are to be
respective springs I4. Inasmuch as the springs released. The coils I4 are very readily replaced,
I4, when in their normal'position, are in tension ‘if they are broken, and their, ends are easily
it isobvious thatrthevsprings will serve as ?nal engaged with the parts ZI and 24, respectively. ' 7
locking members'to retain the various parts in Such coils I4 may also be used which are strong- .
er or weaker, as may be found, advantageous;
their assembled operating positions.
.
7
V25 When the. jaw' members 8~are inserted later Other changes may be made in the structure
> allyin the respective bent ?ange members I5, the shown,without departing from the scope of my:
.latter, being integral with the strips II‘, are invention, and as limited only by the following
'20
25'
positioned slightly above the ?anges I3, but out
of contact with the latter.
The ends of the
30' ?anges I3 are apt to present a sharp edge for
receiving thereon the pressure of the inner sur
face of the rods '8, unless friction at that point is
claims.
,
'
as new is:
1. A'jar lifter comprising a normally, erect
frame member having spaced and parallel strips
and lateral ?ange members bent to form oppo
theear 2|, and the other hook connected to the
' tip 24 by means of the .slots 23, will serve to;urge
the members 8 downwardly, and at the same time
_ hold the shell 25' well on the ?ange I3,fsecurely
members, and a frame ?ange below the plane of
but detachably, and expose the tip 24, forfasten
tical frame memberhaving spaced and parallel
?at strips whose upper ends are joined by a,
ing the coil
I4.
7
.
.
'
"
The concave edgesZ‘I permit the coil ends 28
to engage the neck of the tip 24 without slipping
off such tip. Movement of the members 8 and
connected parts downward in the guides I6, forces
50
the members toward each other, and thereby
closing the jaws 6 into gripping relation, as shown
in Fig. _1, which I may utilize to grip the neck ‘I
of a jar. These members, 8 are then pivoted to
gether 'at Zllyand operatingas levers, whereby
raising the parts I9 and 20 bylther?ngers of the
hand while retaining a grip of the handle I0,
1 opens the jaws 6 and releasesthe jar, whichgrip,
30'
said guides to resist unlimited inner movement;
.
40v
the members 8 and 6, and thereby close about the
; neck ~‘I of the second jar" The normal position
of the .jaws'when not positively controlledman~
'ually, is a closed one about the jar neck. This is
.
clearly'shown'in Figs. '3 and 4;.
'
.
tubular handle,and each. of the lower ends hav- '
'ing- lateral ?ange members bent oppositely upon
a
themselves to form spaced and inclined guidew .
members, a pair of bowed gripping members slid-v;
ingly mounted in the respective‘ guides and hav 50:7
ing means for pivotally connecting the upper ends
of the bowed members together one upon the
other, oppositely inwardly directed concaved jaws
at the lower ends of said bowed members; and
spring means connecting the frame strips with
the pivots of the gripping membersfor normally.
closing said jaws.
having an. intermediate handle portion/parallel
strips integral with the handle, the lower end of
each strip being widened to form lateral. cross“
?anges in a plane transverse of the handle, guide
elements formed ‘by bending said lateral cross,
?anges inwardly upon themselves but spaced from ‘a
the same, and directed oblique to the'strips,{a
In operation, assuming that thelifter is ap- ' pair of bowed gripping members slidingly mount-'
plied to ‘a jar or other similar receptacle having
f a neckabout which the jaws 6 are gripped ‘at ‘I,
and the jaws closedautomatically by the action
of the, springs I4 tending to lower the members
8, the hand may grasp the handle Ill and-thereby
ed in the respective guides,’ so that upward move- I
ment of the bowed members in the, guides tends '
to separate the bows, means»v for pivotally' connecting the upper ends of the bows. together, 70 7
gripping jaws at the lower ends‘ of ‘the, bows, and,
means for connecting the pivotal portion of the
gripping members with thelower endsxof the;v
strips to normally. lower the jaws in said‘ guides
75‘ and then manually’ grip the two parallel members and thereby close the ‘jaws- together.
" carry the jar to any spot desired where it may be.
deposited; when the same hand may reach down
, to thelower tube 20 enclosing the rods I9 therein,
.
of, 2.said
A jar
bowed
lifter
members
comprising
to leave
a substantially
the guides. ver
' of another jar, is e?‘ected by merely. positioning . r 3. A ‘jar lifter comprising a' metalstrip frame
the jaws thereon while releasing the'hold on the
:60 part 20, so that the coils I4 automatically lower
'
Having describedmy‘invention, what I claim
reduced, which I attain by mounting the shells
»,25 telescopically on the respective flanges I3, and - sitely inclined guide members, a pair of bowed '
thereby providing curved edges 26 against. which gripping members slidingly mounted in the re- ~
the rods 8 may move,'both longitudinally in the spective guides, and having pivotal means for
connecting the upper ends together, for swinging
spaces I8, and also laterally while limited there
by, as will be evident. The provision of the coils relative to each other, opposite inwardly directed
I4 with one, end hook detachably connected to concave jaws on. the lower ends of said bowed
' 45:
1
'
2,115,015
4. A jar lifter comprising a metal strip frame
having an intermediate handle portion, and
spaced parallel strips extending downward from
the handle, the lower ends of the strips having
cross ?anges in a plane transverse of the handle,
the ends of the cross ?anges being bent upon
themselves to form inclined guides, a pair of
bowed members having arcuate jaws on their
lower ends, so that vertical movement of the
10 latter in the guides will tend to separate or close
said jaws, a pair of coil springs for vertical
3
mounting adjacent the inner faces of’ said strips
and connected at their ends to the upper ends
of the bowed members and the lower ends of the
strips, respectively, the lower ends of the strips
having inwardly bent slotted ?anges for attach;
ment of the coils thereto, and a hollow, ?at shell
having one lateral concave edge to receive therein
the slotted ?anges and thereby expose the slotted
edge of the ?ange for connection of the coils.
BUELL ECKERT.
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